US2364017A - Production of blue-black toned silver images - Google Patents

Production of blue-black toned silver images Download PDF

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Publication number
US2364017A
US2364017A US47828143A US2364017A US 2364017 A US2364017 A US 2364017A US 47828143 A US47828143 A US 47828143A US 2364017 A US2364017 A US 2364017A
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blue
black
emulsion
silver
silver halide
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Walter D Baldsiefen
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E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
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E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03CPHOTOSENSITIVE MATERIALS FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC PURPOSES; PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES, e.g. CINE, X-RAY, COLOUR, STEREO-PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES; AUXILIARY PROCESSES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    • G03C1/00Photosensitive materials
    • G03C1/005Silver halide emulsions; Preparation thereof; Physical treatment thereof; Incorporation of additives therein
    • G03C1/06Silver halide emulsions; Preparation thereof; Physical treatment thereof; Incorporation of additives therein with non-macromolecular additives
    • G03C1/35Antiplumming agents, i.e. antibronzing agents; Toners
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03CPHOTOSENSITIVE MATERIALS FOR PHOTOGRAPHIC PURPOSES; PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES, e.g. CINE, X-RAY, COLOUR, STEREO-PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSES; AUXILIARY PROCESSES IN PHOTOGRAPHY
    • G03C5/00Photographic processes or agents therefor; Regeneration of such processing agents
    • G03C5/26Processes using silver-salt-containing photosensitive materials or agents therefor
    • G03C5/29Development processes or agents therefor
    • G03C5/305Additives other than developers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S430/00Radiation imagery chemistry: process, composition, or product thereof
    • Y10S430/135Cine film
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S430/00Radiation imagery chemistry: process, composition, or product thereof
    • Y10S430/162Protective or antiabrasion layer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S430/00Radiation imagery chemistry: process, composition, or product thereof
    • Y10S430/166Toner containing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S430/00Radiation imagery chemistry: process, composition, or product thereof
    • Y10S430/167X-ray

Description

l Patented Nov. 28, 1944 PRODUCTION OF BLUE-BLACK TONED. SILVER IMAGES Walter D. Baldsiefen, MetuchemN. 1., assignor to E. I. du Pont de Nemours a; Company, Wilmington, Del., a corporation of Delaware No Drawing. Application March 6, 1943,

'Serial No. 478,281 14 Claims.

This invention relates to photography. More particularly it relates to photographic processes for producing blue-black tones in silver images and-to photographic elements and compositions therefor. In one of its important aspects, it relates to radiation sensitive silverhalide layers which contain novel compounds which impart blue-black tones to developed silver halide images. It also relates to photographic developer solutions and treating solutions which are useful for producing blue-black tonesin developed silver images.

An object of this invention was to find new and useful processes and agents for imparting blue black tones to developed photographic images.

A further object is to provide new photographic elements which can be processed in a simple manner to yield blue-black images. A further object is to modify fine grain silver halide emulsions so that they yieldupon development blue-black images instead of neutralblack or brown to sepia. tones. A still further object is to modify finegrain silver halide emulsions suitable for positive cinematographic prints which produce pleasing blue-black images without losing the fineness of grain during processing of photographic lements. Still another object is to provide simple and economical means for producing such blue-black images. Still other objects will be apparent from the herein-described invention. I This application has been divided out of my copending' application Serial No. 397,967, filed June 13, 1941, and is a continuation-in-part of such I application.

wherein at least one of the Rs is a methylol (-CH2OH) radical and the remaining Rs are either a methylol radical or an alkyl radical, e. g.,

l 1 to 2 carbon atoms or a hydrogen atom.

graphic elements such as plates, films and photo- .65

gzraphic papers containing such emulsion layers prior to development of such materials or elements. The agents can be used in developing solutions or may be included in the support for the photographic layer, subbing layers, any subor intermediate layer, backing layer or protective layer such as an anti-abrasion layer or antistatic layer of such eelments. In the case of photographic or printing papers, the agents may be included in the barytes, the size for the paper, the paper pulp or in a coating on the paper support, included in the emulsions or protective layers therefor. In addition, it is possible to obtain satisfactory results by bathing films, plates or print papers in a solution of one of the novel agents prior to development or by adding the agents to the developing baths employed in processing.

The degree of blue-black tone obtained with the novel agents of this invention varies with the halide ratio of the emulsion, the degree of .hardnessof the emulsion, the developer used and the particular agent chosen and other factors in a similar, manner to known blue-black toning agents. The degree of 'tone also varies with the particular type of sensitizing dyeused in the photographic emulsion processed. They are complatible with sensitizing dyes and other emulsion constituents. as evidenced from the following description.

The concentration of the particular compound used will vary according to the manner in which it is applied to the photographic material; and as certain compounds are more potent, than others, a certain amount of variation is to be expected when different compounds are employed in the same way. In general, molecular equivalents of different compounds will approximate the desired effect and the optimum concentration of one substance can be translated into the correct concentration of another without harmful effects. The following table gives the approximate range of concentrations which will be found most suitable for the averageblue-black agent in diiferent 45 applications:

Range oi con- Type oi application cemmflon Per cent 50 1 In developers 0.05 to 0. 75

2 In emulsions 0. 01. to O. 5 3 In anti-abrasion layer 0. l to l. 0 4 In subbing layers- 0. 26 to 3. 0 5 Inil base 0.5 to3.5 6 In aper'. 0. 2 to 3.0 7 In aths. 0. 05 to l. 0

' In the practice of the invention, it has been determined, that lesser quantities of the active ingredlent are required in processes involving the addition of blue-black agents to the emulsion if the film is aged for some time at elevated temperatures and humidity. The period of aging can.

vary from everal months to a few hours depending upon the temperature to which the emulsion is subjected. Temperatures from 65 to 140 F. can be employed with proportionally shorter times'of aging 'as' the temperature is raised to the maximum. In applications 2 to 6 (vide supra) it is almost impossible to dispense with the aging period and obtain satisfactory-results.

The invention will be further illustrated but is not intended to be limited by the following examples: v I

. Eazample I A solution of 0.5 gram trimethylol nitromethane in 8 ml. of water was added to 1 liter of a photographic emulsion containing 40 grams of mixed silver chloro-bromide-iodide and 85 grams of gelatin. The emulsion was then coated on photographic paper base and dried after which it was subjected to a temperature of 130 F. for a period of 8 hours. At the end of this time the material was exposed, developed and fixed in the usual ,manner and it was found that an excellent blueblack image was obtained instead of the usual brown-black type.

Example 11 A solution containing 0.75 gram of trimethylol nitromethane dissolved in 20 ml. of water was added to a liter of a gelatino-silver halide emulsioneontaining 50 grams of silver halide. The emulsion was then coated on a suitable base, dried and then held at 120 for 4 hours. At the end of this time the emulsion coating was exposed to light in the manner known to the art, developed and fixed. A blue-black image color was strongly evident instead of the somewhat brown ish tones obtained from a similaremulsion without the presence of the methylol compound.

Example III To 1 liter of the substratum solution used to anchor a silver halide emulsion to its support there is added 10 grams of trimethylol nitromethane. This solution is then coated on a suitable film base and a fine grain silver-halide emulsion superimposed upon it as described in previous examples. After an aging period of about 1 week at-slightly elevated temperature, the film is exposed and processed in the customary manner. A blue-black image is formed in the emulsion.

" an imagein the manner known to the art and then processed in an ordinary met ol -hydro'quinone, positive type developer and fixed. The image produced is found to have a distinctly blue- Example V One gram of 2-nitro-2 methy1"propanediol-lj is dissolved in 150 ml. of water and added to 1 liter of a fine-grain photographic emulsion comprising grams of mixed silver halides representing 98% silver bromide and 2% silver iodide and 7'7 grams of gelatin. This emulsion is then coated on a suitable support and dried. After exposure, the element is processed in alkaline metol-hydroquinone developer and fixed in an acid-hardening fixing bath. A sharp blue-black image of high resolving power is obtained insteadv of the neutral-black-to-brownish image of a control to which no blue-blackagent has been added.

In place of the specific blue-black toning agent specified in the above examples can be substituted one or more other methylolnitromethanes having the structural characteristics set forth above. Similarly the compounds of the several examples can be interchanged in any desired manner. Suitable additional compounds include monomethylolnitromethane, and 2-nitro-2-ethyl propanediol-1,3. The agents when used in making silver halide emulsions are added in amounts ranging from 0.2 to 10% of the weight of silver nitrate used. A preferred range being from 1.2 to 2.5%.

The methylolnitromethanes hereof moreover may be admixed with one or more of the methylolamides or lower alkoxy methylamides described in aforesaid application Serial No. 397,967. Suitable compounds which are described-therein include monomethylol urea, dimethylol urea,

N,N'-bis(methoxymethyl)urea, trimethylol melamine, dimethylol formamide, tetrahydro-1,3-dimethoxymethyl 5(beta hydroxyethyl) s triazone-2, N,N'bis(dimethyl monomethylol) urea, cyclic dimethylol diurea (Goldschmidts compound), methylol formamide, dimethylol formamide, dimethyloladipamide, methylol acetamide.

, methylol phthalimide, N-methylol urethane, N-

' emulsions. l

While'the novel blue-black toning agents have black color in comparison with a sample of the same emulsion used as a control which gave a methylol-N-butyl urethane, dimethylolmelamine, N,N',N" tris(methoxymethyl) melamine, N,N,- N -tris (ethoxymethyl) melamine, N,N' -bis (methoxymethyl) urea, tetrahydro 1,3 dimethoxymethyl-5-methyl-striazone-2, N,N bis(methoxymethyl) uron, N,Nf -bis (methoxymethyl) ox amide, N,N' bis(methoxymethyl)fumaramide, N,N'-bis (methoxymethyl) succinamide, N,N' -bis- (methoxymethyDsebacamide, etc.

The novel agents of this invention as above stated may be utilized in the production of photographs in blueblack tones in many ways. They are compatible with the various components of developing agents which makes them of considrable value. They are particularly useful in providing fine grain emulsions for positive cinematographic pictures and yield excellent blue-black images on exposure and processing in the usual manners.

They 'are not limited as has been clearly dem-' onstrated above to any one specialtype of silver halide emulsion. 0n the contrary they may be used with various reducible silver salts, e. 3. silver chloride, silver bromide and silver iodide, or vari-/ ous mixtures of any of these with one or more of the others. They are useful with cinema, lithographic, radiographic and camera film, stripping films, printing papers and the like bearingsuch been described as being usefuljwith gelatino'- H 7 silver halide emulsion layers, they may be used neutral-black image under identical conditions, "(6 with silver halide layers having various colloid fog inhibiting compounds, emulsion stabilizers and hardeners, etc; They may also be used with the usual types of surface active agents, spreading agents, etc., such as the sodium higher alkyl sulfonates and sulfates, saponine, etc.

One of the most important advantages of the invention is that it produces images on positive motion-picture film and on positive print paperswith a distinctly blue-black tone that is pleasing to the eye and creates the illusion of greater brilliancy f the print. Psychologically. blue is a cold" color, connotive of purity of the image as distinct from one contaminated by brown staining. A further advantage is that the compounds employed to give these desirable effects are not so subject to decomposition as many of the compounds such as nitrobenzimidazole and benzothiazole which have been recommended for this purpose in the past. A still further advantage of the invention lies in the fact that the materials employed do not hinder thehormal processing of the film or paper and do nottend to increase defects in the emulsion such as fog to any measurable extent. An additional'and equally major advantage is that they harden the emulsion. a

The tone of the developed silver image on proper supports is often altered irreparably upon passing such elements through heated drying machines. It has been found that the present agents overcome this disadvantage and inhibit the change in tone of the silver image upon heated drying. The resulting developed elements therefore constitute improved articles of manufacture.

As many apparently widely difl'erent embodiments of this invention may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that the invention is not to be -limited to the specific embodiments herein extones, the step which comprises adding to a constituent of the emulsion layer prior to complete development a small amount of a methylol nitromethane.

3. A light sensitive silver halide emulsion containing a. small amount of a methylol nitromethane.

4.,An aged light sensitive silver halide emul-.

sion containing a small amount of a methylol nitromethane.

5. The process which comprises developing a photographic element containing a reducible silver halide image in the presence of a methylol v nitromethane.

6.- The process whichcomprises developing a photographic element containing a reducible silver salt image in the presence of a methylol nitromethane of the general formula wherein at least one oi! the Rs is. a methylol radical and the remaining R's are members of the group consisting of hydrogen, methyl and ethyl radicals.

8. A photographic element comprising a support, a light sensitive silver halide layer having intimately associated therewith at least one methylol nitromethane of the general formula wherein at least one of the R's is' a methylol radical and the remaining Rs are members of the group consisting of hydrogen, methyl and ethyl radicals.

9. In a photographic element having a support, a light-sensitive silver halide layer having intimately associated therewith trimethylol nitromethane.

10. In a photographic element having a support, a light-sensitive silver halide layer havin intimately associated therewith 2-nitro-2-methyl-propanediol-1,3.

11. In a photographic element having a support, a light-sensitive silver halide layer having 12. A light-sensitive halide emulsion containing a small amount of trimethylol nitromethane.

13. A light-sensitive silver halide emulsion containing a small amount of 2-nitro-2 -methylpropanedio'l-Lii.

14. A light-sensitive silver halide emulsion containing a small amount of Z-nitropropanediol- 1,3. I

WALTERD. BALDSIEFEN.

CERTIFICATELOF CORRECTION. Patent No. 2,36t,017. November 2 191 1;.

WALTER D BALD'SIEFEN r It is hereby certlfied that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered potent requiring correction as follows: Page 1, sec- 0nd column, line 8, for "eelmentsf' reed -.--e1ement s- -;11ne 21-28, for "..com-

platible" read -compatible-;' page}, second column, line 57, claim 12,

before the word *halide" irisert ---silver--; and that the said Letters Pat- .ent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this 27th day of February, A. D. 19156 Leslie Frazer (Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

US2364017A 1941-06-13 1943-03-06 Production of blue-black toned silver images Expired - Lifetime US2364017A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2363493A US2363493A (en) 1941-06-13 1941-06-13 Photographic processes and compositions
US2364017A US2364017A (en) 1941-06-13 1943-03-06 Production of blue-black toned silver images

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US2363493A US2363493A (en) 1941-06-13 1941-06-13 Photographic processes and compositions
GB1475243A GB560253A (en) 1941-06-13 1942-07-06 Improvements in the production of photographic silver images in blue-black tones using a methylol nitromethane
GB936142A GB560173A (en) 1941-06-13 1942-07-06 Improvements in the production of photographic silver images in blue-black tones
US2364017A US2364017A (en) 1941-06-13 1943-03-06 Production of blue-black toned silver images

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2599518A (en) * 1951-04-25 1952-06-03 Edwal Lab Inc High contrast photographic developers
US2960404A (en) * 1956-06-04 1960-11-15 Eastman Kodak Co Gelatin coating compositions
US3348945A (en) * 1963-02-18 1967-10-24 Agfa Ag Heat developable light-sensitive photographic material
US3464821A (en) * 1963-06-05 1969-09-02 Eastman Kodak Co Colloid transfer activator containing a formaldehyde generating compound
US3542553A (en) * 1967-09-15 1970-11-24 Eastman Kodak Co Inhibiting biological growths in acidic photographic processing solutions with nitro alcohols

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2442930A (en) * 1944-09-29 1948-06-08 Gen Aniline & Film Corp Process for developing multilayer film containing color formers
US2477323A (en) * 1945-07-02 1949-07-26 Harris Seybold Potter Co Photographic developers
US2518861A (en) * 1947-03-21 1950-08-15 Brush Dev Co Phonograph pickup
US2533990A (en) * 1947-06-10 1950-12-12 Du Pont Silver halide developer compositions containing polyoxyalkylene ethers of hexitol ring dehydration products
GB660856A (en) * 1949-04-11 1951-11-14 Ilford Ltd Improvements in or relating to photographic materials
BE507496A (en) * 1950-12-01
JPS506323A (en) * 1973-05-15 1975-01-23

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2599518A (en) * 1951-04-25 1952-06-03 Edwal Lab Inc High contrast photographic developers
US2960404A (en) * 1956-06-04 1960-11-15 Eastman Kodak Co Gelatin coating compositions
US3348945A (en) * 1963-02-18 1967-10-24 Agfa Ag Heat developable light-sensitive photographic material
US3464821A (en) * 1963-06-05 1969-09-02 Eastman Kodak Co Colloid transfer activator containing a formaldehyde generating compound
US3542553A (en) * 1967-09-15 1970-11-24 Eastman Kodak Co Inhibiting biological growths in acidic photographic processing solutions with nitro alcohols

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Publication number Publication date Type
GB560173A (en) 1944-03-23 application
GB560253A (en) 1944-03-27 application
US2363493A (en) 1944-11-28 grant

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