US2362373A - Method for applying adhesive to wax coated paper - Google Patents

Method for applying adhesive to wax coated paper Download PDF

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Publication number
US2362373A
US2362373A US388416A US38841641A US2362373A US 2362373 A US2362373 A US 2362373A US 388416 A US388416 A US 388416A US 38841641 A US38841641 A US 38841641A US 2362373 A US2362373 A US 2362373A
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Prior art keywords
adhesive
wax
paper
heated
roll
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Expired - Lifetime
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US388416A
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Harold E Hallman
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Harold E Hallman
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Priority to US227115A priority Critical patent/US2238695A/en
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Priority to US388416A priority patent/US2362373A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B70/00Making flexible containers, e.g. envelopes or bags
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B2160/00Shape of flexible containers
    • B31B2160/10Shape of flexible containers rectangular and flat, i.e. without structural provision for thickness of contents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31BMAKING CONTAINERS OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31B70/00Making flexible containers, e.g. envelopes or bags
    • B31B70/60Uniting opposed surfaces or edges; Taping
    • B31B70/62Uniting opposed surfaces or edges; Taping by adhesives
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/10Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor
    • Y10T156/1002Methods of surface bonding and/or assembly therefor with permanent bending or reshaping or surface deformation of self sustaining lamina
    • Y10T156/1007Running or continuous length work
    • Y10T156/1008Longitudinal bending
    • Y10T156/1013Longitudinal bending and edge-joining of one piece blank to form tube

Description

Nov..7, 1944. 2,362,373
METHOD FOR APPLYING ADHESIVE TO WAX COATED FAPER H. E. HALL-MAN 2 She ecs-Sheet' 1" Original. Fild Aug. 27, 1958- I r INVENET'UR 4 M.3Ww ,fl/y.
' ATTEIRNEY Nov. 7, 1944.
' MET HOD APPLYING ADHESIVE. TO WAX COAT ED PAPER oi'iginal Filed Aug. 27. 1938- 2-Shee-ts-Shee1'. 2
- l IIN-VIENTIUR M $.Mm
ATTI' RNFY Patented Nov; 7, 1944 NT orrica WAX COATED PAPER METHOD FOR'APPLYING ADHESIVE T Harold E. llallmamcatonsville; Md,
Original application August 27,
227,115. Divided and 1941,v Serial No. 388,4
1938, Serial No.
this application April '14,
' 3'Claims. (Cl. 154-40) My-invention relates to a novel apparatus for applylngglue to a bag bottom and more specifically'my invention relates to an apparatus for receiving and heating glue containing a vola-' tile solvent and applying said glue containing :said volatile solvent to a Wax coatedpaper.
In the prior art there has been much diiiiculty in sealing wax coated paper inasmuch as the ordinary glue applied thereto fails to secure a real grip upon the wax coated paper inasmuch as the wax is resistant to penetration. It has been suggested that glue containing a solvent be emmix comprising glue and volatile solvent is employed and also when an adhesive mix compris ing glue or adhesive without volatile solvent is employed. The advantages of not heating foran extended period are applicable even when no volatile solvent is used.
Accordingly, I have devised a novel apparatus by means of which the glu and solvent mixture can be applied in a hot state without the loss of the important volatile solvent so that the optimum action of the glue is obtained. My apparatus further provides for the economical and accurately predetermined delivery of proper amounts of glue and solvent mixture to the wax 4 roll. Placed adjacent to the adhesive roll and adapted to contact it after the adhesive'mix'has been engaged by the doctor roll is another roll carrying 'a segment which segment contacts the drum and receives an application of the adhesive mix. Positioned adjacent to this roll carrying the segment and adapted to cooperate therewith is a further roll having a cutout section which carries a paste bar adjacent to which is a heating element.
The roll carrying thesegment and the roll carrying the pastebar are timed to cooperate so that the segment on the first roll contacts the one or more paste bars on the applicator roll. The applicator roll revolves in timed relation with bag sections passing beneath the roll so that the applicator roll applies a line of adhesive mix to the bag section whereupon the end of the bag section is turned up upon the adhesive line to form the bag bottom.
An added advantage of my apparatus lies in the fact that the heated paste bars act not only to heat the volatile solvent and adhesive mix but also at the same time that the paste bars apply the heated adhesive mix to the wax coated paper, the heating action of the heated paste bar on the wax coating of the paper tends to melt the wax coating to allow the pentration of the adhesive mix through the fibres of the paper beheaththe Wax coating. Thus I obtain a dual beneficial action by the use of the heated paste ba'rs, saidheated paste bars, as stated, acting both to. heat the adhesive mix which is applied to the wax coated paper and also acting to heat the wax coating to causethe same desirably to melt to allow the penetration of the adhesive through to the paper.
In addition to applying transverse stripes of paste to form the bag bottom, I provide an appa..
. ratus comprising a heated disc Which applies ing the adhesive paste longitudinally along the paper to provide the longitudinal body seam of the bag to be formed. By employing a heated disc for applyand volatile solvent mix, I again obtain manifold advantages. First, the heated disc heats the volatile, solvent and adhesive mixture so that it is applied hot to the wax coated paper and,secondly, the heated disc acts'to heat the wax coating of the paper causing it to melt to allow. the penetration of the applied adhesive and solvent.
I further propose employing wax coated paper having a thicker inside Wax coatin and a thinner outside wax coating. That is, the Wax coating on the interior of the bag is thicker than that on the exterior of the bag. This is an advantage in the final product'since it is desirable that the contents of the bag, which may be greasy, be prevented from striking through to. the fibres of the paper and impairing the paper.- The wax coating on the outside of the vbag, though thinner than the inside wax coating, is sufli'ciently thick to perform its function of rendering the bag substantially moisture proof. Byemploying the respectively thicker and thinner coatings of wax, I also provide for more efliciently joining the wax coated paper in the formation of the bottom of the ba and also in the lon itudinal formation of the body seam. Thus, by means of my particular apparatus apply the adhesive mix by'means of a heated member as for example a paste bar or heated disc respectively with respect to the bottom of the bag and body seam of the-bag so that the heated member applies the adhesive to that side of the wax coated paper having the thicker wax coating. Thus, when the heated disc applies the hot adhesive and volatile solvent mixture to the thicker wax coating, the dual action of the hot adhesive and the heated disc facilitate the penetration of the adhesive through the relatively thicker wax coating to the paper. Then when the thinner coating of wax coated paper is folded over upon the deposited adhesive, the residual heat of the adhesive and such heat as is left from the applying member is suflicient to cause the adhesive to strike through the thinner wax coating to the paper to secure a perfect joint. The coordination of the use of a relatively thicker coating of wax on one side of the paper and a relatively thinner coating on the other, and the application of the heated adhesive mix to the thicker coating by meants of a heated applicator member makes possible the formation of a strong and secure joint wherein the adhesive has struck through the wax coatings to the fibres of the paper.
Accordingly, it is an object of my invention to provide a novel apparatus for applying a heated mix of glue and solvent to paper.
[It is a further object of my invention to provide a novel apparatus that picks up a glue and volatile solvent mix in an unheated state and applies it to wax coated paper in a hot state without loss of volatile solvent.
It is still a further object of my invention to provide a novel apparatus comprising a roll positioned to revolve in a bath of adhesive mix,
a doctor for the roll, a roll carrying a segment adapted to pick up the adhesive mix on the segment, an applicator roll carrying segments with adjacent heater means, the applicator segments being supplied with adhesive mix by the segments of the adjacent roll, the applicator segments being adapted to heat the adhesive mix and apply it to the wax paper.
It is still a further object of my invention to provide a. novel method of applying a heated glue and volatile solvent mix without evaporation of the volatile solvent.
It is still a further object of my invention to provide a novel'method for applying a hot mix of glue and volatile solvent on to wax coated paper.
Other objects of my invention will become apparent from the description which follows in connection with the drawings in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective of the apparatus of my invention.
Figure 2 is a perspective of a bag showing the position of the applied glue and solvent mix.
Figure 3 is a perspective of a heated disc means for applying the glue and solvent mix to form the longitudinal seam.
More specifically, in Figure 1 is a glue not I which contains an adhesive mix 2 comprising glue and a volatile solvent such as alcohol, ether, acetone, or similar low boiling .point volatile solvent. Immersed in the adhesive mix and adapted to rotate therein is a glue pot roll 3 which rotates on the shaft 4 in the direction indicated by the arrow. Positioned adjacent to the glue pot roll 3 is a doctor roll 8 which rotates on a shaft I set forth, I take care to and may be adjustably positioned with respect to the glue pot roll 3 so as to measure the amount of adhesive mix carried up upon the roll 3. Positioned adjacent the glue pot roll 3 is a further segment roll 9 rotating on a shaft l0 and carrying a paste segment H. The paste segment- H is adapted to contact the glue pot roll 3 and pick the adhesive mix therefrom. The paste segment H is adapted to contact the paste bars l2 and I3 and transmit the paste thereto. The paste bars I2 and I3 are set in an applicator roll l5 and are heated by the adjacently mounted strip heaters i6 and H. The strip heaters l6 and H are heated by means of the electrical coils l8 and i9 which are supplied through the conduits 20 and 2!. A conventional commutator and brush arrangement secured on the end of the shaft 23 supplies the electricity to effect the heating of the strip heaters I6 and I1. The paste bars I! and l3, as exemplified by the position of paste bar l3, applies the adhesive mix to the proper portion of the bag 30 which travels on the belt 3|, which belt 3! moves about the drum 32. .The paste bars apply the adhesive mix in the form of a paste line 34 on the bag 30. The overlap of the longitudinal seam is indicated at 35; the serrated edges 35 and 31 are formed by the cutting mechanism that severs the tube of wax coated paper into proper lengths. Although it forms no part of the present invention it is to be noted that the bag bottom is formed by folding over the end 36 on the glue line 34.
In Figure 3 I show means for applying the heated adhesive and solvent to the edge of wax coated paper to form a longitudinal seam. In the pot 40 is the adhesive and volatile solvent mix 4|. A disc 42 revolves in the adhesive and volatile solvent mix and carries the mix up upon its periphery. The disc 42 is heated by a cartridge heater 43 which receives a source of current through the wires 44. The relatively small size of disc 42 as compared with the body of glue in pot 40 ensures that the glue pct 40 will not be substantially heated by the heat of disc 42; and that the film of glue on disc 42 will be heated substantially over the glue in pct 40. The revolving heated disc 42 applies a line of adhesive 46 to the wax coated paper 41 which moves about the roll 88. As the wax coated paper 41 travels after being given a layer of adhesive and solvent 46, it is folded over a conventional former (not shown) to form the tubular section 49 with the seam 50.
Preferably the wax coating on that side of the paper where the adhesive mix is applied is thicker than the wax coatingon the opposite side of the paper. Thus, the heated adhesive is applied by the heated disc to the thicker wax coating and strikes through such thicker coating to the fibres of the paper. of the wax coated paper with the heated adhesive applied thereto is folded over on the matching fold to form the longitudinal seam. Preferably the external coating of the paper is thinner and thus the heated adhesive strikes through this thinner coating to secure itself to the fibres of the paper, whereby a strong seam in which the adhesive is secured to the paper itself on both.
sides is obtained.
The operation of my apparatus is as follows:
A suitable adhesive mix comprising glue or I paste in combination with a volatile solvent as has been described above in mixed thoroughly and placed in the pot I. This adhesive mix is of such a nature that I have found it extremely eifective Shortly after that portion when applied hot to the wax coated paper. It is best in the heated state because the adhesive mix acts to dissolve the wax coating of the paper both by reason of its heating and also because of the solvent action of the contained solvent. Dissolving the wax, it strikes through to the paper beneath the wax and thus secures a strong grip to efiect a good bottom seal. Without this striking through action, the glue would have an imperfect bond to the wax.
However, the adhesive mix cannot be heated in pct since it would merely tend to thicken the glue driving ofi the volatile solvent, and for this reason it is best heated at that point when it is about to be applied to the wax coated paper.
Accordingly, the adhesive mix comprising glue and a solvent in the pot is simultaneously mixed and carried up on the roll 3. The doctor roll 6 by proper adjustment of its distance from the glue v roll 3 determines the thickness of the layer of adhesive mix carried by the roll 3. Thus after the adhesive mix has passed the doctor roll 6 it is at a predetermined level on the glue roll. The glue on the roll 3 is picked up by the segment ll mounted on the roll 9, and because of the timed relation of the roll 9 and IS, the segment roll 9 applies the adhesive mix to the paste bar I2; then applying a'fresh portion of the adhesive mix to the paste bar l3. The paste bars l2 and I3 are maintained in -a heated state by means of the adjacently mounted strip heaters l6 and I1.
The adhesive mix is on the paste bar sufficiently long to be heated without being heated so that any quantity of the volatile solvent is lost by evaporation. The paste bars are timed with the movement of the bag segments 30 which move along the belt 3| so that the paste bar applies paste on to the bag segments on the predetersired to obtain the superior bond described hereinbefore, then I may apply the line of hot adhesive 34 to the bottom flap 36 whereby-the heated adhesive isthus applied to the thicker inner coating of the wax paper by the heated paste bar and is then folded over, whereupon the outer thinner wax coatingof the paper is melted and the adhesive strikes through the outer thinner coating to efiect a bond between the paper of both components of the fold. Although in Figures 1' and 2 I have shown the adhesive mix being applied to the outer coating, I may, if I employ the thicker inner coating and thinner outer coating described hereinbefora'apply the heated adhesive to the inner coating of the fia-p 36 instead of to the outer coating as shown in Figures 1 and 2. i
Although I specifically refer throughout this specification to wax coated paper I include within the scope of my invention paper or any other sheet material as for example, non-fibrous Cellophane, as the paper material and any heat sensitive material which has characteristics corresponding to wax as the coating material. Thus I have set forth wax and paper by way of example only and I intend that this should be understood to mean materials that have equivalent functions in this art. The appended claims should be read in that light. .This application is a division of my application S. N. "227115, now
Patent No. 2,238,695; filed August 27, 1938.
mined paste line 34, whereupon the hot adhesive mix acts to melt the wax and with the aid of the volatile solvent strikes through to, the fibres oi the paper, so that when the end of the paper segment is folded over a good bond is secured.
Various modifications of this process and'apparatus are within thescope of my invention. The applicator roll may have one or more paste bars and the segment roll may have as many segments as is feasible, depending upon the size of the roll and its correlated speed with the applicator roll.
Although I' have shown this particular device Iclaim:
1. In the method of adhesively uniting wax coated paper in which the paper has a thin coating of wax on one side and a thicker coating of wax on the other side, the steps which comprise applying an adhesive to the thicker coating of wax on the paper and simultaneously heating the applied adhesive so that the wax coating melts and the adhesive strikes through to the paper,
and applying a wax coated paper on the heated I adhesive to join said second mentioned wax coated paper to said first mentioned wax coated paper.
as practicularly applicable for laying a transverse glue line, it may be glue in any desired form. 4
Attention is directed to the fact that in the apparatus described in the present invention,
employed to apply the heating means is in a protected positionin the recessed or guarded portion of the drum l5. Thus during the rotation of the drum, the strip heater I6 is substantially protected from the chilling efl'ect of air currents because of its particular position as shown. Inasmuch as it is desired to maintain the paste bar 'at a relatively high temperature and to maintain this high temperature uniform, the protected position of the strip heater is important. I
If in the formation of bag bottoms as shown Figures 1 and 2 of my drawings a wax coated paper is employed in which the inside coating is thicker than the outer coating and it is de- 2. In the method of adhesively uniting wax coated paper in which the paper has a thin coating of wax on one side and a thicker coating of wax on the other side, the steps which comprise taking an adhesive from an adhesive supply heating said adhesive and applying the heated adhesive while said adhesive is being heated to the thicker coating of wax on the paper so thatthe wax coating melts and the adhesive strikes through to the paper, and joining wax coated paper onto the heated adhesive with the thinner wax coating in contact with the adhesive.
3. In the method of adhesively uniting wax coated paper, the steps which comprise drawing a film of an adhesive from a source thereof, heating the adhesive while thus drawing the same to a temperature higher than the said source, applying said film of adhesive while it is thus heated to said wax coated paper and maintaining said heat during application so that the wax coating melts and the adhesive strikes through to the paper, and applying a second 'wax coated paper to the heated adhesive to join said second mentioned wax coated paper to said first mentioned wax coated paper.
. HAROLD E. HALIMAN.
US388416A 1938-08-27 1941-04-14 Method for applying adhesive to wax coated paper Expired - Lifetime US2362373A (en)

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US227115A US2238695A (en) 1938-08-27 1938-08-27 Apparatus for applying adhesive to wax coated paper
US388416A US2362373A (en) 1938-08-27 1941-04-14 Method for applying adhesive to wax coated paper

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3140215A (en) * 1959-12-16 1964-07-07 Weyerhaeuser Co Process for sealing cartons

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3140215A (en) * 1959-12-16 1964-07-07 Weyerhaeuser Co Process for sealing cartons

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