US2356833A - Roofing joint - Google Patents

Roofing joint Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2356833A
US2356833A US41706241A US2356833A US 2356833 A US2356833 A US 2356833A US 41706241 A US41706241 A US 41706241A US 2356833 A US2356833 A US 2356833A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
roofing
sections
sides
clips
upturned
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Hans H Doe
Original Assignee
Hans H Doe
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/36Connecting; Fastening
    • E04D3/366Connecting; Fastening by closing the space between the slabs or sheets by gutters, bulges, or bridging elements, e.g. strips

Description

Aug 29 1944 DOE 2,356,833

. ROOFING JOINT Filed OOt SO, 1941 3 sheets sheet l IN V EN TOR.

BY QWJM M JN ATTORNEYS.

H. H. DOE

ROOFING JOINT Aug. 29, 1944.

s sheets-sheet 2 Filed 001:. 50,'- 1941 INVENTOR.

ATTORNEYS.

Aug. 29, 1944. H. H. DOE 2,356,833

ROOFING JOINT Filed Oct. 30, 1 941 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 7 INVENTOR.

A TTORNEYS.

Patented Aug. 29, 1944 UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE ROOFING JOINT Hans H. Doe, Milwaukee, Wis.

Application October 30, 1941, Serial No. 417,062

8 Claims.

Those types of roofing in which metallic roofing sheets have their side edges upturned or flanged, either to form a standing seam or a batten seam, have often not proven satisfactory because their construction has been such that sufiicient free lengthwise movement due to contraction or expansion of the .sheets has not been permitted. Also, in case of standing seam roofs, destructive total area horizontal movement has often been unintentionally allowed. Either of these faults lead to quick failure of the roof. Furthermore, the joints of the standing seam or batten seam roofing have been formed and finished on the job, making the labor cost for such roofing a large part of the total cost.

The objects of the present invention are to provide a roofing structure using roofing sheets of the flanged side type in which the adjoining upturned or flanged edges are joined together and any sheet from afiecting or exerting pressure on the next adjoining sheet.

A further object of the invention is to provide a seamed type roofing structure in which the roofing sheets or plates are held down against I the roof by clips fastened to the sheathing or rafters, and which has a snap on or slide-on preformed or partially pre-formed covering memher which contacts with the sides of adjacent flanges of sheets or plates, thus reducing by a large percentage the labor required to install the The invention further consists in the several features hereinafter set forth and more particularly defined by claims at the conclusion hereof.

In the drawings:

Fig. l is a perspective view of a roofing structure embodying the invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail vertical sectional View through the seam or joint;

Fig. 3 is a detail plan View of the joint, parts being broken away and parts'shown in section;

Fig. 4 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 2 showing certain modifications;

Figs. 5, 6, and 7 are each sectional views similar to Fig, 2 showing other modifications;

Fig. 8 is a detail plan view of the joint shown in Fig. '7, parts being broken away and parts shown in section;

Fig. 9 is a view of the coverin material in a preliminary form stage;

Fig. 10 shows certain modifications, in the form of the base of the roofing sheet;

Fig. 11 is a vertical sectional view similar to Fig. 2 wherein the plates are spaced apart and their upturned edges associated with a batten strip;

Fig. 12 is a Vertical sectional view similar to Fig, 11 showing certain modifications;

Fig. 13 is a detail vertical sectional view similar. to Fig. 12 showing a modified form of joint partially completed;

Fig. 14 is a sectional view similar to Fig.- 13 showing thi joint completed.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 10 of the drawings, the roofing material is inthe form of plain sheet metal l5 with upturned or flanged sides 16 as shownsin Figfl or of corrugated sheet metal body H with upturned or flanged sides 18 as shown in Fig, 10, the corrugations extending, either vertically or horizontally of the sheet to reinforce the same. These sheets or plates are of certain definite lengthsv and are associated together lengthwise by overlapping the lower end of an upper plate with the upper end of a lower plate which upper end is secured to the frame of the roof by nails I9 or other suitable fastening. Lengthwise extending lengths of assembled plates are arranged next to similar sets of assembled plates at each side and are joined together at their upturned or flanged sides It by a joint structure embodying the invention... In Figs. 2 and 3 this joint structure includes a series of clips 20, fastening means for said clips, and a covering 2 l. The clips 2b are small curved sheet metal pieces punched to take two or more long nails 22 which are driven into the framework 23 of the roof, the nail heads exerting a clamping force on the clip which in turn by engaging the tops of the adjacent flanges l6 exerts a downward thrust thereon so as to keep said sheet or plates in proper vertical alinement without, however, preventing relative sliding movement between the clip, and either of the sheets or plates engaged thereby, so that contraction and expansion of the metal roofing material due to changes of temperature may be taken care of without danger of having the roof buckle or of loosening the fastenin means. To provide a weathering joint, cover members 2| arearranged to act as hoods to project down over the exposed upper ends of the flanges l6 and cover over the space between said flanges. This covering or the members 2| are formed by forming a sheet metal strip into generally channel shape form with the sidesthereoi reversely curved to form curved parts 24 and 25,

these channeled strips having overlapping engagement at their ends with each other as shown in Fig, 1, with the lowermost strip anchored at its upper end to the roof frame by a nail 26. These covering strips may be pre-formed, and the curved parts 24 and 25 will permit them to be secured in position by pushing them down over the clips 20, so that their curved edges 25 are free to snap into yielding engagement with the sides of the flanges l6 and into engagement with said clips at the curved parts 24 so as to connect them with the fastening means or nails 22. The connection of the covering member 2i with the flanges I6 permits relative movement between said strips and the flanges 16 of the roofing plate or section to compensate for any movement of these parts due to contraction or expansion of the metal thereof.

Instead of the form shown in Fig. 2 the cover strips 2| of generally channel form may be formed with longer sides having straight side portions 21 in engagement with the sides of the flanges [6 as shown in Fig. 4.

To keep the flanges a definite distance apart the clips 28 may have spaced lengthwise extending grooves 29 to receive the upper edges of the flanges, as shown in Fig. 5, these clips being secured similarly to the first form by the nails 39 and having cover strips 3| snapped thereover, similar to Fig. 2.

Another form of the joint is shown in Fig. 6 wherein the clip 32 is bent at its sides to form a flat top part 33 for the fastening means 34, and the cover strips 35 are formed to provide-pointed ridges 36.

In the form shown in Figs. 7 and 8 the clip is formed to provide a tube 31 flanged at its bottom 38 and at its top 39, the fastening means 40 passing down through the tube and exerting pressure thereon to in turn put pressure on the flanges l6 of the roofing plates to hold them in position, the upper flange 39 of this clip forming a gripping ledge adapted to be engaged by the cover strip 41 which is generally similar to the cover strip 2| of Fig. 2 and having curved sides similar to the sides 25 and adapted to snap over the outer edges of the flanges 39 and engage the sides of the flanges IS.

The cover strips above described may be formed at the factory or in some instances cover strips initially formed to a readily stackable form as shown at 2P Fig. 9, may be finish'formed during the assembly of the roof parts on the roof.

In those cases where it is desired to more widely separate adjoining sections of the roofing from each other as by a batten strip 43, the joints shown in Figs. 11 and 12 maybe used. In Fig. 11 the clip 44 is secured to the top of the batten strip 43 by the nails 45 fastening said strip 43 to the roof frame 45, and a cover strip 41 extends over the top of the batten strip and the ends of clip 44 and has curved portions yieldingly engageable with the sides or the flanges Hi.

The form shown in Fig. 12 is similar to that of Fig. 11 except that the clips 48 in this form are provided with spaced grooves 49 to receive the upper ends of the flanges l6. These clips are fastened to the roof and to the batten strip 53 by the nails and the joint is covered and held in laterally alined position by the cover strip 52.

The form shown in Figs. 13 and 14 is similar to that of Figs. 11 and 12 except that the cover strip 53 is formed to he slid onto the clips 48',

similar to the clips 48, and which are fastened to the roof and to the batten strip 54 by the nails 55. After the cover strip 48 is initially slid over the clips as shown in Fig. 13, this cover strip together with the clips are bent downwardly against the side flanges I5 of the roofing sheets or plates l5 as shown in Fig. 14.

In all of the above forms the upstanding edges of adjacent roofing sheets are free to move lengthwise relative to each other and to the covering hoods for said edges.

I desire it to be understood that this invention is not to be limited to any particular form or arrangement of parts except in so far as such limitations are included in the claims.

What I claim as my invention is:

1. A joint structure for roofing in which the sheet metal roofing material has upturned flanged sides extending from its base at an obtuse angle comprising clamps having parts engaging the top edges of the spaced upturned sides of adjoining sections of said material at spaced intervals to exert a hold down pressure on said sections while permitting relative lengthwise movement between said sections and relative sliding movement between the clamps and said sections to permit contraction and expansion of said sections without danger of buckling of the roofing or of loosening said clamps, and covering means for the spaces between said sections having direct engagement with the sides of said upturned sides adjacent the top portion thereof whereby said roofing sections will be held down from the upper portions only of said upturned edges and are free to move lengthwise relative to each other and to said covering means.

2. A joint structure for roofing in which the sheet metal roofing material has upturned flanged sides extending from its base at an obtuse angle comprising clamps having parts engaging the top edges of the spaced upturned sides of adjoining sections of said material at spaced intervals to exert a hold down pressure on said sections while permitting relative lengthwise movement between said sections and relative sliding movement between the clamps and said sections to permit contraction and expansion of said sections without danger of buckling of the roofing or of loosening said clamps, and covering means for the spaces between said sections having interlocking engagement with said clamps and direct engagement with the sides of said upturned sides adjacent the top portion thereof whereby said roofing sections will be held down from the upper portions only of said upturned edges and are free to move lengthwise relative to each other and to said covering means.

3. A joint structure for roofing in which metallic sheet roofing material has upturned flanged sides extending from its base portion at an obtuse angle comprising clips engaging the top edges of the spaced upturned sides of adjoining sections of roofing at spaced intervals, fastening means extending between said sections for securing said clips in operative position while permitting lengthwise shifting of said sections relative to each other and relative sliding movement between said clips and said sections to permit contraction and expansion of said sections without danger of buckling of the roofing or of the loosening of said clips, and covering means for the spaces between said sections having interlocking engagement with said clips and direct engagement with'the sides of said upturned sides adjacent the top thereof to permit adjacent roofing sheets moving lengthwise relative to each other and to said covering means.

4. A joint structure for roofing in which the sheet metal roofing material has upturned flanged sides extending from its base at an obtuse angle comprising clamps having parts engaging the top edges of the spaced upturned sides of adjoining sections of said material at spaced intervals to exert a hold down pressure on said sections while permitting relative lengthwise movement between said sections and relative sliding movement between the clamps and said sections to permit contraction and expansion of said sections without danger of buckling of the roofing or of loosening said clamps, and a cover strip having a snap-over connection with said clamps and direct yielding engagement with said upturned sides adjacent the top portion thereof to permit free lengthwise movement of said sections relative to each other and to said cover strip.

5. A joint structure for roofing in which metallic sheet roofing material has upsturned flanged sides comprising clips engaging the upper edge portion of the spaced upturned sides of adjoining roofing sections at spaced intervals and extending laterally beyond said sides to hold down said sections while permitting relative sliding movement between said clips and either of the sections engaged thereby-and movement of said sections relative to each other so that contraction and expansion of said sections may occur without danger of the roof buckling or of loosening said clips, batten strips interposed between the flanged sides of said sections and free of said sides carrying said clips and secured to the frame of the roof, and cover strips for the space between said adjoining sections completely covering the laterally extending portions of said clips and the tops of said batten strips and extending into engagement with said upturned sides.

6. A joint structure for roofing in which metallic sheet roofing material has upturned flanged sides comprising clips engaging the upper edge portion of the spaced upturned sides of adjoining roofing sections at spaced intervals and extending laterally beyond said sides to hold down said sections while permitting relative sliding movement between said clips and either of the sections engaged thereby and movement of said sections relative to each other so that contraction and expansion of said sections may occur without danger of the roof buckling or of loosening said clips, batten strips interposed between the flanged sides of said sections and free of said sides carrying said clips and secured to the frame of the roof, and cover strips for the space between said adjoining sections completely covering the laterally extending portions of said clips, the edges of said cover strips being bent with said clips to a position for direct engagement with said upturned sides.

7. A joint structure for roofing in which metallic sheet roofing material has upturned flanged sides comprising clips having spaced grooves engaging with the top edges of adjoining roofing'sections at spaced intervals, fastening means for securing said clips in operative position, and a cover strip having an interlocking connection with said clips and a weather-tight connectiton with the sides of said flanges.

8. A joint structure for roofing in which metallic sheet roofing material has upturned flanged sides comprising clips having flanged ends and a tubular section connecting said ends, fastening means passing through the tubular section of each clip and securing it in clamping engagement with the flanged sides of adjoining roofing sections, and a cover strip engaging said clips and forming a covering for the space between said sections.

HANS H. DOE.

US2356833A 1941-10-30 1941-10-30 Roofing joint Expired - Lifetime US2356833A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2356833A US2356833A (en) 1941-10-30 1941-10-30 Roofing joint

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2356833A US2356833A (en) 1941-10-30 1941-10-30 Roofing joint

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2356833A true US2356833A (en) 1944-08-29

Family

ID=23652400

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2356833A Expired - Lifetime US2356833A (en) 1941-10-30 1941-10-30 Roofing joint

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2356833A (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2428361A (en) * 1945-12-31 1947-10-07 Hans H Doe Roofing
US2538481A (en) * 1947-09-19 1951-01-16 Jay W Stoltz Metal roofing
US2598691A (en) * 1946-04-03 1952-06-03 Koolvent Metal Awning Corp Awning construction
US2725832A (en) * 1951-01-08 1955-12-06 Glen H Huntington Sheet metal roofing
US2742677A (en) * 1949-10-31 1956-04-24 Northeastern Metal Products Co Awning and parts therefor
US3063201A (en) * 1958-07-28 1962-11-13 John V Rylander Roof construction
DE1302010B (en) * 1957-08-10 1969-09-25 Varlonga Giovanni Roofing or wall cladding for buildings
US4321780A (en) * 1979-07-12 1982-03-30 Atlantic Building Systems, Inc. Snap cap for architectural wall panel
US4400924A (en) * 1980-10-21 1983-08-30 Andrews Charles F Metal roofing system
US5394666A (en) * 1991-10-02 1995-03-07 A. Zahner Sheet Metal Company Inverted seam roof covering system
US9127451B1 (en) 2014-02-10 2015-09-08 Lester Building Systems, LLC Concealed-fastener exterior cladding panels for building construction

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2428361A (en) * 1945-12-31 1947-10-07 Hans H Doe Roofing
US2598691A (en) * 1946-04-03 1952-06-03 Koolvent Metal Awning Corp Awning construction
US2538481A (en) * 1947-09-19 1951-01-16 Jay W Stoltz Metal roofing
US2742677A (en) * 1949-10-31 1956-04-24 Northeastern Metal Products Co Awning and parts therefor
US2725832A (en) * 1951-01-08 1955-12-06 Glen H Huntington Sheet metal roofing
DE1302010B (en) * 1957-08-10 1969-09-25 Varlonga Giovanni Roofing or wall cladding for buildings
US3063201A (en) * 1958-07-28 1962-11-13 John V Rylander Roof construction
US4321780A (en) * 1979-07-12 1982-03-30 Atlantic Building Systems, Inc. Snap cap for architectural wall panel
US4400924A (en) * 1980-10-21 1983-08-30 Andrews Charles F Metal roofing system
US5394666A (en) * 1991-10-02 1995-03-07 A. Zahner Sheet Metal Company Inverted seam roof covering system
US9127451B1 (en) 2014-02-10 2015-09-08 Lester Building Systems, LLC Concealed-fastener exterior cladding panels for building construction

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3347001A (en) Roof shingle with interlocking flanges and locator
US3394524A (en) Joints for sheet metal
US3224154A (en) Structural assembly construction
US3269075A (en) Aluminum shingle
US3187464A (en) Fascia strip
US3469873A (en) Joint with planar connector member
US3405485A (en) Flashing system for flat roofs
US5697197A (en) Roof panel system having increased resistance to wind loads
US3274739A (en) Sheet panel assembly and supporting members therefor
US4195452A (en) Gutter and hanger arrangement
US2907287A (en) Structures incorporating batten type joints
US4065902A (en) Sheetmetal covered roof planks having waterproof joints
US4034532A (en) Roof hold down clip assembly
US3135070A (en) Building and roof construction
US5181360A (en) Standing-seam roof panel system
US5072552A (en) Universal corner flashing shingle and flashing method
US5271201A (en) Hip or ridge shingle
US2857861A (en) Building structures
US4068437A (en) Panel roof construction with improved joints
US4870798A (en) Double lock standing seam roof sheet
US4998396A (en) Interlocking panels
US5419941A (en) Hip or ridge shingle and method of making
US4024685A (en) Ridge and hip capping for roofs
US6393796B1 (en) Batten elements for securing tiles to a roof and method of making the battens
US6354045B1 (en) Roof panel system for improved wind uplift resistance