US2351549A - Method for treating filaments and threads - Google Patents

Method for treating filaments and threads Download PDF

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Publication number
US2351549A
US2351549A US415282A US41528241A US2351549A US 2351549 A US2351549 A US 2351549A US 415282 A US415282 A US 415282A US 41528241 A US41528241 A US 41528241A US 2351549 A US2351549 A US 2351549A
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threads
air
casing
sheet
nozzle
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US415282A
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Phillips K Schwartz
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Proctor and Schwartz Inc
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Proctor and Schwartz Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B13/00Machines and apparatus for drying fabrics, fibres, yarns, or other materials in long lengths, with progressive movement
    • F26B13/001Drying and oxidising yarns, ribbons or the like

Description

June 13, 1944. P. K. SCHWARTZ I METHOD FOR TREATING FILAMENTS AND THREADS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Jvwerir Wafiatpy Filed Oct. 16, 1941 June 13, 1944. P K, SCHWARTZ 2,351,549

METHOD FOR TREATING FILAMENTS AND THREADS Filed Oct. 16, 1941 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented June 13, 1944 METHOD FOR, TREATING FILAMENTS AND THREADS Phillips K. Schwartz, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Proctor & Schwartz, Incorporated, Philadelphia, Pa... a corporation of Pennsylvania Alpplication October 16, 1941, Serial No. 415,282

I Cl. 34-23) 1 Claim.

This invention relates to a method for drying or otherwise treating, by means of a gaseous medium in circulation, continuous filaments, threads or yarns, such as textile warps, etc.

The drying of warps, for example, is commonly effected by machines known as "Slashers and the type of slasher most commonly used in the trade at the present time is a dryer embodying one or more heated cylinders about which the threads extend in substantially parallel side by side relation, in a form resembling a sheet. The contact of the threads with the hot metal constituting the peripheral surface of each cylinder, has a detrimental efiect on the threads, 1. e. the threads frequently become overheated and break. The threads become flat on one side. Furthermore, the threads have a tendency to cling together when adjacent threads make contact with each other.

The method of the present invention is preferably efiected by what may be termed an "airslasher, in that it has certain distinguishing characteristics, hereinafter disclosed, over the ordinary slashers which makes it particularly adaptable for the purpose.

In the air-slasher used for effecting the improved method of the present invention, the overheating, breaking and flattening are eliminated by reason of the threads being suspended and dried free of any contact with hot metal, and the adhesions are efiectively prevented by the threads being constantly vibrated in their own respective vertical planes, by the particular kind of air-circulation provided in accordance with the subject, matter of the present invention.

The distinctive feature of the present invention resides in the fact that the drying air is at all times directed against the threads, and also removed from the vicinity of the threads, while the air is moving in the direction of the length of the threads, without, at any time, traveling transversely across the threads while in contact therewith or while in the immediate vicinity thereof.

In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal vertical sectional elevation of an air-slasher operable in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional elevation taken on the line 2-2, Fig. 1; and

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary enlarged section illustrating the principal characteristics of the present invention.

As shown in the drawings, the slasher comprises a normally closed casing I, including end walls 2 and 3, side walls 4 and 5, and a roof 6; with an inlet opening I for the threads 2: formed in the end wall 2, and an outlet opening 8 for said threads formed in the opposite end wall 3.

Within the casing I, adjacent the end wall 3, there is a drum 9 having a peripheral face formed of circumferentially-spaced, axially-extending ribs or slats I0. Adjacent the end wall 2, within the casing I, is a second drum II provided with axial ribs I2 on the peripheral face thereof.

As shown in Fig. 1, a multiplicity of threads x, :1: arranged in side by side substantially parallel relation to each other and resembling a sheet of substantial width, pass through the inlet opening I andthrough the casing I in an upper horizontal plane in the direction of the arrow a. The threads :1: pass around the drum 9, which reverses the direction of movement of the threads in the casing in an intermediate horizontal plane, to and around the drum I I, which again reverses the direction of travel of the threads :2: in a lower horizontal plane, in the present instance.

Above and parallel to the uppermost horizontal run of threads :1: is an air-box I5, and below said uppermost run is an air-box I6. Above and below the intermediate run of threads :1: are air-boxes I1 and I8, respectively.

The air-boxes I5, I6, I1 and I8, as clearly shown in Fig. 1, extend longitudinally of and substantially from one end wall to the other within the casing I, and transversely of said casing to an extent greater than the width of the sheet formed by the multiplicity of threads as, :r running between the boxes I5I6 and II--I8. projecting downwardly from each of the upper boxes I5 and I1, and upwardly from the lower boxes I6 and I8, respectively, is a series of airnozzles-ZD, which are inclined in the direction of movement of the threads between the verticallyspaced pairs of boxes.

Each nozzle 20 is provided with a transverselyelongat-ed outlet slot 2| of a greater length than the width of the sheet of threads .1:, at the extreme outer end of the nozzle. The inner end of each nozzle communicates with the interior of the box I5, I6, II or I8 from which the respective nozzles extend.

Substantially coincident with the common plane of the outer ends of the series of nozzles 20 associated with each of the boxes I5, I6, I! and I8, is a series of transversely-extending plates 22, which form continuations with the lower edge of the rear wall 23 of each nozzle 20, and terminate forwardly of the forward wall 24 of the next succeeding nozzle 20, leaving, in the common plane of the plates 22, 22, a series of inlet slots 26 intermediate successive nozzle slots 2|, 2|, respectively, and immediately adjacent and forward of each outlet slot 2|. The inlet slots 26, and the outlet slots 2|, extend transversely of the casing continuously, to an extent greater than the width of the sheet of threads 1.

The outer ends of the nozzles 26, and the plates 22 intermediate said outer ends. associated with each pair of boxes |5|6, 8, form a horizontal channel 26 through which the threads :1: pass.

The wall 21 of each box I5, I6, I! or II, from which the series of nozzles 26 project, the plates 22, spaced vertically from the wall 21, th rear wall 23 of one nozzle, and the front wall 24 of the next succeeding nozzle constitute transverselyextending air-circulating channels 36, 36 with which the slots 25 respectively communicate.

As shown in Fig. 2, the interior of each box IE, I6, I! and I8 communicates through end ducts 3| and 32, at the opposite sides of said boxes, respectively, with discharge ducts 33 and 34 of air-circulating impellers 35 and 36, which are respectively disposed adjacent the side walls 4 and 5 of the casing The impellers 36 and 36 may be of any desired type rotatably mounted within housings 31 and 38 and operated by any suitable means disposed preferably outside the casing I, such, for example, as individual motors 36 and 43,

The impeller casings 31 and 38 are provided with inlet openings 40, which permit air to be drawn into the impeller housings from the interior of the slasher-casing and the transverselyextending ducts 30, 30 are open at their opposite ends, as clearly shown in Fig. 2, to afford communication with the interior of the slasher-casing I.

As shown in Fig. 1, the outlet slots 2| of the airboxes |5--|6 and ||-|8 are in staggered relation to aech other, and are respectively arranged opposite the plates 22 of the air-ducts 30.

With the air-impellers 35 and 36 in operation, air is drawn into the impeller housings 31 and 36, through the inlet openings 46 thereof and discharged through the ducts 33 and 34, respectively,

. into the ducts 3| and 32, respectively, which deliver the air into the air-boxes I5, l6, l1 and I8, from the opposite sides thereof, under control of suitable dampers 4| and 42, which are respectively disposed in. the ducts 3| and 32. The air under pressure built up by the impellers 35 and 36 escapes from the boxes |5, l6, l1 and I8 through the discharge slots 2| of the nozzles 20 and impinges against the sheet of threads 3:, a: passing horizontally through the channels 26, the air from each nozzle being directed against the threads in the direction of the length and of the movement of the threads through the channels 26. The transverse ducts 30, being in communication with the interior of the slasher housing I, are also in communication with the inlet openings 40 of the air-impellers 35 and 36, consequently, the air in the ducts 30 is at a lower pressure than the air escaping from the nozzles 20, thus, circulation from the channels 26 into the ducts 30 is created.

As a result of the above, the air escaping from each nozzle slot 2| impinges against the threads traveling, and is withdrawn from the vicinity of the threads :c, 2: through the inlet slot 26 adjacent the next succeeding nozzle 26.

Thus, a substantial portion, at least, of the air escaping from each nozzle moves with the threads for a relatively short distance in the channels 26 and is withdrawn from said channels through the slots 26 in the course of circulation set up by the impellers 36 and 36.

Obviously, the velocity of the air circulating in the channels 26 may be equal to, exceed, or be less than, the speed of travel of thethreads .1: through the channels 26, and the volume of air delivered into the channels 26 may be controlled by manipulation of the dampers 4| and 42.

As a result of the staggered relationship of the nozzles 26, 20 in impinging air against the threads :c, said threads are vibrated vertically, in relatively high frequency, as they travel horizontally through the channels 26, and the alternate blowing of the air against the top and bottom or the sheet of threads :r, at relatively close intervals, maintains the threads in suspension and tree of abraiding contact with the discharge ends of the nozzles. This vertical vibration keeps the threads :c, a: from overlapping and from clinging to each other.

The threads z, a: may be drawn through the casing by any suitable means, forming no part of the present invention which will keep the threads relatively taut and in the common plane represented by the sheet produced by the multiplicity of threads disposed side by side and substantially parallel in said Diane.

Ii desired, the direction of travel or the threads 2:, a: through the casing I may be reversed, causing the air to move in a direction opposite to that in which the threads are traveling in the channels 26, 26.

I claim:

The method which consists in maintaining a plurality of filaments side by side in a common plane spaced equally from parallel perpendicularly spaced walls of a channel through which said filaments advance, advancing said filaments in one direction longitudinally of said channel, directing incoming continuous sheet-like streams of drying medium through said walls at converging angles to said plane across the full width of the channel at spaced intervals along said channel, with the streams from the opposite walls of the channelcommingling into a common current moving through the channel in the direction of advance of the filaments, staggering the incoming streams from the opposite walls longitudinally of the channel, and withdrawing corresponding outgoing sheet-like streams of said medium from said common current parallel to each 01 the incoming streams immediately in advance thereof, whereby the incoming stream in each instance travels as a part of said current from its place of introduction to the place of withdrawal adjacent the next incoming stream.

PHILLIPS K. SCHWARTZ.

US415282A 1941-10-16 1941-10-16 Method for treating filaments and threads Expired - Lifetime US2351549A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2426415A (en) * 1945-02-20 1947-08-26 Paul R Rose Warp drier with air recirculating means
US2442148A (en) * 1945-02-20 1948-05-25 Uxbridge Worsted Co Inc Warp drier with automatic control means
US2462380A (en) * 1946-01-05 1949-02-22 Andrews & Goodrich Inc Method and apparatus for drying web material
US2483378A (en) * 1944-03-07 1949-09-27 Freydberg Bros Strauss Inc Apparatus for drying filaments
US2597999A (en) * 1948-04-07 1952-05-27 American Viscose Corp Strand bundle drier and conditioner
US2645031A (en) * 1950-02-07 1953-07-14 Hispeed Equipment Inc Apparatus for drying filmlike materials
US2657433A (en) * 1950-11-14 1953-11-03 Courtaulds Ltd Continuous processing of filamentary tow
US2682116A (en) * 1950-01-21 1954-06-29 Dungler Julien Method and apparatus for treating fibrous sheet material by superheated steam or vapors
US2733498A (en) * 1956-02-07 G hatay
US2736548A (en) * 1952-11-14 1956-02-28 United States Steel Corp Apparatus for accelerating convective heat transfer between a solid and a gas
US2737688A (en) * 1953-05-25 1956-03-13 Eastman Kodak Co Tow opening device
US2740202A (en) * 1952-06-07 1956-04-03 Ultrasonic Corp Process and apparatus for drying sheet material
DE1008695B (en) * 1953-08-10 1957-05-23 Saco Lowell Shops Hot air dryer for drying a ribbon of thread
US2848820A (en) * 1952-10-08 1958-08-26 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Method and apparatus for supporting and conveying web-like material
US3065098A (en) * 1960-03-21 1962-11-20 Eastman Kodak Co Method for coating webs
US3070901A (en) * 1956-02-01 1963-01-01 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Guiding air-borne webs
US3230637A (en) * 1961-10-16 1966-01-25 Monsanto Co Strand annealers
US3324570A (en) * 1965-02-25 1967-06-13 Proctor And Schwartz Inc Float dryer
US3680218A (en) * 1969-05-07 1972-08-01 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Drying chamber apparatus and method
US3851408A (en) * 1970-12-21 1974-12-03 Z Elitex Textilniko Strojirens Device for the continuous drying and finishing of web materials, particularly textiles
US3914477A (en) * 1972-01-04 1975-10-21 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method of coating and drying strands
US4734997A (en) * 1987-01-20 1988-04-05 Northern Telecom Limited Method and apparatus for drying filamentary material
US5014525A (en) * 1989-10-24 1991-05-14 Madinox S.A. Machine for dyeing fabric in a rope
EP0477807A2 (en) * 1990-09-26 1992-04-01 Ppg Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for drying a coated strand
EP0652411A1 (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-05-10 Werner & Pfleiderer GmbH Apparatus for removing surface water from plastic strands

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2733498A (en) * 1956-02-07 G hatay
US2483378A (en) * 1944-03-07 1949-09-27 Freydberg Bros Strauss Inc Apparatus for drying filaments
US2426415A (en) * 1945-02-20 1947-08-26 Paul R Rose Warp drier with air recirculating means
US2442148A (en) * 1945-02-20 1948-05-25 Uxbridge Worsted Co Inc Warp drier with automatic control means
US2462380A (en) * 1946-01-05 1949-02-22 Andrews & Goodrich Inc Method and apparatus for drying web material
US2597999A (en) * 1948-04-07 1952-05-27 American Viscose Corp Strand bundle drier and conditioner
US2682116A (en) * 1950-01-21 1954-06-29 Dungler Julien Method and apparatus for treating fibrous sheet material by superheated steam or vapors
US2645031A (en) * 1950-02-07 1953-07-14 Hispeed Equipment Inc Apparatus for drying filmlike materials
US2657433A (en) * 1950-11-14 1953-11-03 Courtaulds Ltd Continuous processing of filamentary tow
US2740202A (en) * 1952-06-07 1956-04-03 Ultrasonic Corp Process and apparatus for drying sheet material
US2848820A (en) * 1952-10-08 1958-08-26 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Method and apparatus for supporting and conveying web-like material
US2736548A (en) * 1952-11-14 1956-02-28 United States Steel Corp Apparatus for accelerating convective heat transfer between a solid and a gas
US2737688A (en) * 1953-05-25 1956-03-13 Eastman Kodak Co Tow opening device
DE1008695B (en) * 1953-08-10 1957-05-23 Saco Lowell Shops Hot air dryer for drying a ribbon of thread
US3070901A (en) * 1956-02-01 1963-01-01 Svenska Flaektfabriken Ab Guiding air-borne webs
US3065098A (en) * 1960-03-21 1962-11-20 Eastman Kodak Co Method for coating webs
US3230637A (en) * 1961-10-16 1966-01-25 Monsanto Co Strand annealers
US3324570A (en) * 1965-02-25 1967-06-13 Proctor And Schwartz Inc Float dryer
US3680218A (en) * 1969-05-07 1972-08-01 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Drying chamber apparatus and method
US3851408A (en) * 1970-12-21 1974-12-03 Z Elitex Textilniko Strojirens Device for the continuous drying and finishing of web materials, particularly textiles
US3914477A (en) * 1972-01-04 1975-10-21 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method of coating and drying strands
US4734997A (en) * 1987-01-20 1988-04-05 Northern Telecom Limited Method and apparatus for drying filamentary material
US5014525A (en) * 1989-10-24 1991-05-14 Madinox S.A. Machine for dyeing fabric in a rope
EP0477807A2 (en) * 1990-09-26 1992-04-01 Ppg Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for drying a coated strand
EP0648991A2 (en) * 1990-09-26 1995-04-19 Ppg Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for supporting a strand or a plurality of strands
EP0648991A3 (en) * 1990-09-26 1995-06-07 Ppg Industries Inc Method and apparatus for supporting a strand or a plurality of strands.
EP0477807B1 (en) * 1990-09-26 1996-06-12 Ppg Industries, Inc. Method and apparatus for drying a coated strand
EP0652411A1 (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-05-10 Werner & Pfleiderer GmbH Apparatus for removing surface water from plastic strands

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