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Method and device for depicting objects by means of neutrons or x-rays

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US2344043A
US2344043A US40103941A US2344043A US 2344043 A US2344043 A US 2344043A US 40103941 A US40103941 A US 40103941A US 2344043 A US2344043 A US 2344043A
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image
neutrons
photographic
means
luminescent
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Kailmann Hartmut Israel
Kuhn Ernst
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Kailmann Hartmut Israel
Kuhn Ernst
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S430/00Radiation imagery chemistry: process, composition, or product thereof
    • Y10S430/154Neutron beam

Description

Patented Mar. 14, 1944 2,344,043 METHOD AND DEVICE ron DEPICTING B- JECTS BY MEANS OF X-RAYS NEUTRONS 0R Hartmut Israel Kallmann, Berlin-Charlottenburg, and Ernst Kuhn, Berlin, Germany; vested in the Alien Property Custodian Application July 3, 1941, Serial No. 401,039 In Germany March 4, 1940 8 Claims.

It has been proposed to-depict objects by means of neutrons in 'a manner similar to that employed for X-rays. The difliculty consists, however, in that the sources of neutrons which are available possess only a low intensity so that even with the best neutron-photographing systems heretofore known, it is necessary to expose .for a comparatively "long time. Increasing the intensity of the source of neutrons, which would be possible in principle, would involve a very considerable technical expense and require very much space. It has been proposed to use, for the production of photographic pictures of objects by means of neutrons, a neutron-imageconverter in which, in a neutron-reactive layer, by the action of the neutrons depicting the objects, charged particles or gamma rays are released. Said charged particles or gamma rays produce secondary electrons directly or indirectly through the intermediary of a luminescent mass, said secondary electrons being accelerated and collected with the aid of suitable electron-optical means upon a photographic layer where they produce an image of the depicted object. It :has

I purposes are attained by virtueof the fact that in the neutron-image-converter the released secondary electronspreferably after their acceleration, are collected by electron-optical means to form'an image of the object to be depicted, reduced in size, on a luminescent screen and/or on a photographic layer and that .this image, reduced in size, is enlarged to a real or 'virtual image after the latent photographic image has been developed. It is then advisable to adjust the image-converter, so that the originally slow secondary electrons are preferably employed for the copying. In the electronoptical reducing neither a loss in intensity nor a loss in sharpness of the picture occurs. In this reducing practically all secondary electrons are employed which are emitted to one side whereas in a light-optical reduction only that portion of the light radiation is utilized, which enters into the lens aperture. In the electronoptical reduction the brightness per unit area is therefore practically inversely proportional to the size of the image. The strongly reduced image produced in this manner .is preferably light-optically enlarged. If a latent photographic image, reduced in size, has been produced with the image-converter, the enlargement will be carried out after the development of the latent photographic image, for instance to the size of the latentimage originally produced by the neutrons. The enlarged image possesses the same sharpness as the image which has been produced on a luminescent screen and/ or on a photographic layer according to the methods formerly proposed. The exposing time necessary in the method according to the invention for the production of a photographic image is, however, for instance with a linear reduction in the proportion of 1:10, only as'long as in-the formerly proposed methods. Without reducing the time of exposing, it is therefore possible to use, in the application of the method according to the invention, a source of neutrons the intensity of which amounts to only 1 of the intensity of the source of neutrons necessary in the former methods.

This advantage of the method according to the invention is due amongst other reasons to the fact that the reduced photographic image is subsequently enlarged by-an additional source of energy, such as for instance the source of the light-optical enlarging. arrangement which is absolutely independent of the source of neutrons. If the sharpness of the original image produced by the neutrons has to be preserved, the measure of the reduction and the gain-in intensity is practically limited by the power and the structure of the photographic system.

This method may also be employed for improving the'visual observation of a luminescent screen image produced by means of the neutronimage-converter. The latent image primarily produced by the neutrons on the neutron-reactive layer is reduced and copied inthe neutronimage-converter on a luminescent screen, and this reduced luminescent screen image is viewed through a ma nifying glass. By viewing the luminescent screen image through a magnifying glass much more light will get into the eye from the viewed portion of the luminescent screen image than without magnifying glass, owing to Marsh 1944. H. 1. KALLMANN ET AL ,34

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DEPICTING OBJECTS BY MEANS OF NEUTRONS OR X-RAYS Filed July 3, 1941 Fig. 7

US2344043A 1941-07-03 1941-07-03 Method and device for depicting objects by means of neutrons or x-rays Expired - Lifetime US2344043A (en)

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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2523132A (en) * 1949-08-10 1950-09-19 Westinghouse Electric Corp Photosensitive apparatus
US2555423A (en) * 1947-04-16 1951-06-05 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Image intensifying tube
US2555545A (en) * 1947-08-28 1951-06-05 Westinghouse Electric Corp Image intensifier
US2562969A (en) * 1949-06-02 1951-08-07 Texaco Development Corp Radiation detection
US2595430A (en) * 1950-04-08 1952-05-06 Kenyon Instr Company Inc Photofluorographic apparatus
US2608661A (en) * 1945-10-16 1952-08-26 Walter H Zinn Means for measuring radiation
US2631244A (en) * 1948-07-14 1953-03-10 Westinghouse Electric Corp Optical system for x-ray screen image intensifiers
US2681868A (en) * 1949-08-10 1954-06-22 Westinghouse Electric Corp Image amplifier
US2690516A (en) * 1948-03-09 1954-09-28 Shcldon Edward Emanuel Method and device for producing neutron images
US2697181A (en) * 1947-04-16 1954-12-14 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Neutron sensitive tube
US2697182A (en) * 1948-12-09 1954-12-14 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Tube for intensification of images
US2717971A (en) * 1949-03-30 1955-09-13 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Device for storage of images of invisible radiation
US2739257A (en) * 1948-10-15 1956-03-20 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Device for x-ray motion pictures
US2739244A (en) * 1951-05-22 1956-03-20 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Infrared sensitive tube
US2804560A (en) * 1951-06-01 1957-08-27 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Electronic device sensitive to invisible images
US2804561A (en) * 1948-03-09 1957-08-27 Sheldon Edward Emanuel X-ray camera
US2851624A (en) * 1951-10-12 1958-09-09 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Tube sensitive to images of invisible radiation
US6037597A (en) * 1997-02-18 2000-03-14 Neutech Systems, Inc. Non-destructive detection systems and methods

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608661A (en) * 1945-10-16 1952-08-26 Walter H Zinn Means for measuring radiation
US2555423A (en) * 1947-04-16 1951-06-05 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Image intensifying tube
US2697181A (en) * 1947-04-16 1954-12-14 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Neutron sensitive tube
US2555545A (en) * 1947-08-28 1951-06-05 Westinghouse Electric Corp Image intensifier
US2804561A (en) * 1948-03-09 1957-08-27 Sheldon Edward Emanuel X-ray camera
US2690516A (en) * 1948-03-09 1954-09-28 Shcldon Edward Emanuel Method and device for producing neutron images
US2631244A (en) * 1948-07-14 1953-03-10 Westinghouse Electric Corp Optical system for x-ray screen image intensifiers
US2739257A (en) * 1948-10-15 1956-03-20 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Device for x-ray motion pictures
US2697182A (en) * 1948-12-09 1954-12-14 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Tube for intensification of images
US2717971A (en) * 1949-03-30 1955-09-13 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Device for storage of images of invisible radiation
US2562969A (en) * 1949-06-02 1951-08-07 Texaco Development Corp Radiation detection
US2681868A (en) * 1949-08-10 1954-06-22 Westinghouse Electric Corp Image amplifier
US2523132A (en) * 1949-08-10 1950-09-19 Westinghouse Electric Corp Photosensitive apparatus
US2595430A (en) * 1950-04-08 1952-05-06 Kenyon Instr Company Inc Photofluorographic apparatus
US2739244A (en) * 1951-05-22 1956-03-20 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Infrared sensitive tube
US2804560A (en) * 1951-06-01 1957-08-27 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Electronic device sensitive to invisible images
US2851624A (en) * 1951-10-12 1958-09-09 Sheldon Edward Emanuel Tube sensitive to images of invisible radiation
US6037597A (en) * 1997-02-18 2000-03-14 Neutech Systems, Inc. Non-destructive detection systems and methods

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