US2343610A - Dropper and pourer cap - Google Patents

Dropper and pourer cap Download PDF

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Publication number
US2343610A
US2343610A US45758342A US2343610A US 2343610 A US2343610 A US 2343610A US 45758342 A US45758342 A US 45758342A US 2343610 A US2343610 A US 2343610A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
cap
element
perforations
pins
container
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Huna L Apfelbaum
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Victor Metal Products Corp
Original Assignee
Victor Metal Products Corp
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D1/00Containers having bodies formed in one piece, e.g. by casting metallic material, by moulding plastics, by blowing vitreous material, by throwing ceramic material, by moulding pulped fibrous material, by deep-drawing operations performed on sheet material
    • B65D1/02Bottles or similar containers with necks or like restricted apertures, designed for pouring contents
    • B65D1/08Bottles or similar containers with necks or like restricted apertures, designed for pouring contents adapted to discharge drops
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F9/00Methods or devices for treatment of the eyes; Devices for putting-in contact lenses; Devices to correct squinting; Apparatus to guide the blind; Protective devices for the eyes, carried on the body or in the hand
    • A61F9/0008Introducing ophthalmic products into the ocular cavity or retaining products therein
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H35/00Baths for specific parts of the body
    • A61H35/02Baths for specific parts of the body for the eyes

Description

March 7, 1944. H. L. APFELBAUM DROPPER AND POURER CAP Filed Sept. '7.' 1942 flll nuff: "in m Y ma. R mm n T wim A mp y A. ,u f U HW Patented Mar. 7, 1944 UNITED STATES (Cl. 22T-148) 8 Claims.

This invention .relates to container closur-es and particularly vto that Atype adapted for useas a sprinkler or dropper or as a pourer device.

The invention contemplates the provision of a perforated container cap adapted to support an eye cup or any othertype of auxiliary member which serves also as an adequate sealing element for the perforations of. the cap, and is removable to permit the discharge .of limited quantities -of the contents .of the containerv without removal of the cap.

The invention further contemplates lthe .provision of a simple, economical andfeasily attachable and detachable closure .element for a perforated cap, whichfelement isA held :in place sole- 1y by friction and .which-may constitute, an auxiliary device for use with or without `thecontents of thecontainer closed` by the cap.

The invention further `contemplates the provision ofcooperating. means on the perforated container. cap .and the .closure element for lenabling the quick and-correct. assembly thereof to seal the cap and thefquick andleasy separation lthereof to unseal the cap for the dispensing of the container contentsin Athe form of countable drops or sprinkled droplets or spray, or, when the contents are powdery or granular, to permit the sprinkling thereof on a selected area by shak- The invention further contemplates the provision of a combined droppen sprinkler, shaker and pourer cap readily attachable to and detachable from its container and provided with means free 'of'screw' threads and cooperating with an auxiliary closure` element to seal and unseal the cap `and to guide the `element into and out of its ksealing position.

The invention'further contemplates the pro- Vision of an auxiliary closure element provided with pins adapted to enter and to be held in the perforations of a perforated cap to seal the same and to hold the element to the cap.

The various objects of the invention will be clear from .the description which follows and from the drawing,.in which,

Fig. lis a partial vertical section and. partial front elevation. of..one.`.form of my improved closure wherein the auxiliary element'shown is an eye .cup land the .cap .is provided with .a pouring spout, ...the container being .shown in .dash dot. lines.

Fig. 2 is a top plan .view of the cap of Fig. l after the auxiliary element. has .beenremoved Fig, .3 f is. asimilar :View yof. Aa. .modified .form of the cap wherein the guides are separated from andspaced .from the sealing and holding pins.

Fig. 4 is a vertical section taken .on the line 4-4 ofFig. 3., the auxiliarye'lement cooperating withthe cap being .shownin its normal sealing position.

Fig. i5 .is a View similar to Fig. 1 of another modified form Vof the closure.

Eig. 6 .is a similar enlargedffragmentary View of the. means 4for holding! the .auxiliary element to the cap. and for removably sealing the cap.

. Fig. "7.is. a view similar to Figs. land 5 of another .modified form of the 'closure wherein an .annular .sealing vand Yholding washer. is employed.

l lFig. '8.is atop `plan view of the washer of Fig. 7 .c u't away at one o'fits tubes.

Figi 9 is a view similar to'Fig. 4 of another .modiedformof the sealing and holding means.

Fig- .10. .is a similar fragmentary view of jan- .other modied form 4of thelsealing and holding means constituting also a`liner or gasket for .sealing the container..

Fig. 11 is a perspective. viewof the closure wherein .the auxiliary .element .is an eye cup or measuring cup and the .cap .is .provided with a spout, showing. the .-.parlt's .separated .and inV use for pouring drops. into 'the cup. n

In.. the practical .embodiment v of the invention .shown by way of example, .thaclosure comprises generally an internally threaded cap provided with perforationsin its topand withan upstanding. integral grooved. member, .together with an auxiliary. element. provided with pins .entering .and sealing the vperforar-.ions of.v the cap, which .pins alsoconstitnte a means for holding the element removably to the. can. the` element having vsuitably shaped vlongitudinal guides adapted to enter the` grooves of thel upstanding member `of `the .cap and toslide therein. Flexible .andresil- ..ient..means .may..additiona lly be yprovided for `r'forming .a friction ,sealbetween the pins andthe Walls of theA cap or liner. perforationsthereby to .insure against accidental .separation of. the...cap and auxiliaryelement.

. Referringnow totheform-of4 the. i-nvention shown .in Figs. 1 and.2,.the..cap Il, ispreferably 4made of suitablemoldable plastic. in romgpiece, the skirt l2. thereofhaving .the internaliscrew threads I3 adapted to removably engage 4the ,screw .threads on. therneck of. a-Joottlev i4 Vorother container. The. top wall il 5y .of thecapis pierced with a. pair. of, preferably ,oppositelyy disposed perforations or compar.atively.,` small. Y holes 16, y l'l communicating.withtheinterionof thecontainerf. thronghy registering. :holes 16a, flla.. inl the gasket or liner |8. A spout I9 may optionally be formed integrally with the top and skirt of the cap, said spout terminating preferably in a slightly rounded point 2U and being-provided with a shallow depression or channel 2| in the top surface thereof terminating at one end just behind the point 20 and at the other end communicating with the discharge perforation I6. The top surfaces of the cap and spout are preferably in the same plane and fiat. The auxiliary element 22 is shown in this form of the invention as an eye cup having the hollow base portion 23, though it will be understood that said' element may take any convenient form such as a measuring cup, applicator, marker or the like usable with or without the contents of the container, or

said element if desired, may have no other function than to serve as a closure or sealing device for the perforations of the cap. (See Figs. 4 and 9.)

Said element is preferably, though not necessa'rily made of suitable moldable plastic in one piece and the base 23 thereof is provided with the perforation-sealing pins 24, 25 adapted to fit sufficiently tightly into the cap perforations |6, to hold the element to the cap adequately against accidental separation thereof and to permit removal of the element without the necessity for using excessive force. If desired and as shown, the pins 24, 25 are made long enoughto enter the holes |6a, I'la of the liner I8, which being of resilient material such as cork,` rubber, rubber-like material, or other suitable flexible resilient material, grips the pins firmly when said holes are made of the proper size, preferably slightly smaller than the pins. It will therefore be seen that the pins 24,` 25 not only hold the element removably on the cap but vserve also to seal the perforations of the cap against loss, leakage or evaporation of the contents' of the container.

In the form shown in Fig. 1, the pins 24, 25 not only project below the bottom surface of the base 23, but extend upwardly for substantially the entire interior height of the hollow base, being fitted and secured respectively into the substantially semi-'cylindrical longitudinal grooves 2B, 21 made in the inner wall 3| of the base. The inner portions'of the upper parts of the pins project inwardly of the wall 3|, and, when the element 22 is raised or lowered, slide longitudinally in the corresponding upright semicylindrical grooves 28, 29 respectively of the cap part 30 upstanding from the central portion of the top wall l of the cap. The pins and the cap part 30 therefore cooperate to arrange the element 22 in the proper position to cause the pins 24, 25 to enter and seal the cap perforations when said pins are rst arranged in the grooves 28, 29 and then the element is moved downwardly relatively to the cap; thek pins cooperating with the grooves to prevent relative rotation and disarrangement of the element and the cap. In the normal or assembled positions of the closure parts, the at lower surface of the base rests on the flat upper surface of the cap wall l5, the pin 24 seals the perforation I6 and the inner end of the spout channel 2|, and the pin |'l seals the perforation 25.

When material is to be dispensed from the container, the element 22 is removed from the cap by a simple longitudinal movement. The lower ends of the pins are thereby removed from the cap and liner perforations, while the upper parts of the pins slide in the grooves of the cap part 30. When the perforations have been exposed by the removal of said element, the container may be tilted into the position of Fig. 1l to dispense the required number of drops into the element or other receptacle, or the container may be turned upside down or nearly so and its contents whether liquid, powdered or granulated, sprinkled over the selected area.

When used as a dropper, the perforation l1 serves to admit a limited amount of air into the interior of the container thereby to permit the contents to flow out through the channel 2| of the spout to the pointed tip thereof, there to fall off drop by drop. The perforations are properly proportioned for this purpose. Should larger quantities of the contents be needed at any one time, the cap may be completely removed from the container together with the element 22 as a unit, and the contents dispensed in the customary manner. To replace the auxiliary element after it has been removed, the pins and the projecting guide extensions thereof are first inserted into the opposed grooves of the upstanding cap part 30, whereafter the element is moved toward the cap, at which time the pins are guided by the grooves until the lower ends thereof are inserted into the perforations of the cap, thereby to seal said perforations against evaporation or leakage of material therethrough. The frictional contact of the pins with the walls surrounding the perforations may be made if desired with the required accuracy to prevent accidental separation thereof.

If a more certain holding action is required, the projecting parts 35, 36 of the pins may be coated or covered on their cylindrical surfaces with suitable flexible and compressible resilient material 31 such as rubber, rubber-like substances, cork, felt or the like which tends to return to its original shape after being compressed or distorted. (Figs. 5 and 6). The lower part of the coating or covering tube may be bevelled off or tapered as at 38 to permit the pins together with the coating or tube to enter the perforations IB, |1 easily, the coating or covering tube being slightly compressed when forced into the perforations with the pins. The tendency of the coating or covering to expand puts suicient pressure on the walls of the perforations to hold the pins firmly therein against accidental displacement, but does not prevent intentional removal of the pins and of the auxiliary element from the cap. In order that the perforations may not be made too large for dispensing drops, the pins 35, 36 are reduced in diameter as com pared to the diameters of the guide projections 39 of the hollow base 40 and of the grooves 28, 29 in the cap part 30 which receive said projections. As shown, the projections 39 are formed integrally or in one piece with the base 40, being semi-circular in cross section and extending inwardly from the inner cylindrical Wall of said base, and functioning similarly to the upper guide portions of the pins 24, 25 of Fig. l.

It will be understood that instead of coating the pins or covering the same with the layer of resilient flexible material, the walls of the perforations I6, I1 may be so coated or covered, as shown for example in Fig. 9 at 4|. In this case, the upper ends 42 of the coating or lining 4| are bevelled or tapered to permit the pins 43 to enter easily thereinto. In case the lining 4| is made in the form of a cylindrical tube, it is cemented or otherwise adhesively secured to the walls of the perforations. As is also shown armadio 'in-Fig; -9- theauxiliary element` 44 frnay simply be 'made -iri'f'the fo-rm of? 'an auxiliary" 'cap `not Yhaving any eye vcu'por other'device attached theretoor'for'med therewith' and functioningonly 'tose'al-theperforations. i

In Fig. `19 'there is also'shown' more than two :perforations '16, `|1, there lbeing shown a third perforation- I6 removed a quarter turn from the 'other perforations. Itl will be understoodthat as many-l-'additional perforations 'and pins may be-provided as lmay be found desirable. as when for example, the cap is to be used as a sprinkler "top for a container.

shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the liners 45 fo-r the perforations may take vthe form' of flanged tubular members,y each-'having a flange 46 secured tothe under 4surface -41 yof the cap vtop 'andhaving a tubular `part also cemented to the vWallo'f the perforation. vThe flange prevents the vpins" from pullingthe liners out of the perforationswith them'when the auxiliary element is removed 'from the cap.` A.As is also'shown in Figs. -3 and 4, the sealing -andholding pins need not necessarilybe aligned' with or form part of' or a continuation of thewguide pins or projections. Instead the 'opposed 'guide grooves or recesses 48, 49 in the upstanding cap part 50 are removed a quarter turn from the perforations 5I and the guide projections 52 of the auxiliary elements are similarly positioned to register with and enter the grooves. It will be noted that the tubular part of the liner 45 nearest the spout is cut away as at 53 to permit communication of the hole therein with the spout channel 54 when the auxiliary element and its pins 55 are removed from the cap. The channel 54 is also shown with an upwardly and outwardly tapering bottom 56 to assist in the formation of drops.

Referring now to Figs. 7 and 8, an annular washer 60 is there shown formed integrally with the opposed tubes 6l, 62. When the under face of the washer is secured to the top of the cap in the position of Fig. '7, the tubes 6|, 62 are arranged in the respective corresponding perforations of the cap and may be secured therein if desired. The pins 63, 64 in that case enter and compress the tubes and are frictionally held therein and thereby hold the auxiliary element firmly to the cap with the Washer ange 65 between the under face of the base and the upper face of the top wall of the cap.

The washer may however, be secured with the upper face of its ange against the under face of the base 23, and the tubes 6|, 62 secured to the respective pins 63, 64. In this form of the invention, the lowermost parts of the tubes are preferably bevelled or tapered to permit the tubes to enter the perforations easily and to be compressed =by the Walls thereof.

In the form of the invention shown in Fig. 10, the liner or gasket i8 is dispensed with and a combined liner for the cap and for the perforations is provided. Said liner 66 may be made throughout of rubber, cork or the like resilient compressible material. The flange 61 thereof is secured to the under face of the top wall of the cap, While the integral tubes 68, 69 (similar to the tubes 6I, 62) are fixed to the walls of the cap perforations 10, 1|. When the cap is in place on the container, the liner 66 is compressed and serves to seal the container as well as to cooperate with the pins 12, 13 to seal the cap perforations and to hold the element 40 to the cap.

`In. any case, it will be seen that I have pro vided an'v auxiliary elementl hav-ing.y pinsI remove ably entering the' perforations `of'a :caprto be held normally to 'the cap and to be readily removed'therefrorn for using the cap as a dropper 7orlsprinkler, that the capy and element have cooperating means thereon for guiding the pins vaccurately into and out of the `perforations without undue stress thereon, that the auxiliary element may be shaped and designed for uses additional to the sealing function thereof if desired, that the parts lmay readily land economically lbe molded of plastic material, and that the parts of the closure are retained against accidental separation, by simple means constituting combinedvsealing andiholding means without the use of screw threads or other fastening devices.

It will be understood that various changes may be made from the forms of the invention herein Vshown without departing from the spirit of the invention and within the scope of the appended claims.

1. In a container closure, a caprhaving a plurality of perforations therein, a sealing element for the .perforations `normally carried by :the cap and removable therefrom-When the contents of the container are to be dispensed, said elementl having pins projecting beyond the bottom surface thereof, and cooperating means on the cap and the element for guiding the pins into and out of the perforations, said means comprising a grooved upstanding central part on the cap and projections o-n the element above the pins arranged to slide in the grooves of said central cap part.

2. In a container closure, a cap having a top wall provided with perforations and having a central grooved part upstanding from said wall, and a sealing element for the perforations car-` ried by the cap and adapted to receive said grooved part, said element having inwardly extending longitudinal projections thereon adapted to slide in the grooves of said grooved part and having pins projecting downwardly therefrom and arranged to enter the perforations, and a yieldable resilient member interposed between the cap and the pins and having openings therein arranged coaxially with the pins, the material o-f the resilient member surrounding said openings being compressed by the pins when the element and the cap are assembled in the sealing positions thereof and exerting gripping pressure upon the pins normally to hold the element to the cap against accidental separation thereof.

3. In a container closure, a perforated cap having an upstanding grooved part, a hollow sealing element adapted to receive said part and having guide means thereon slidable in the grooves of said part and pins projecting from the element in position to enter the perforations of the cap.

4. The structure claimed in claim 3 and a resilient member compressed between the pins and the cap when the element is in its sealing position on the cap and the pins are in the perforations.

5. In a container closure, a cap having a top wall provided with spaced perforations and with an internally threaded skirt portion depending from the periphery of the top wall, a centrally arranged part upstanding from the top Wall and having oppositely disposed grooves therein, and an auxiliary element having a hollow part adapted to receive the upstanding part of the cap and provided with inwardly extending longitudinal guide projections adapted to slide in the grooves, said element surrounding the upstanding part and having a plurality of spaced pins projecting downwardly therefrom and entering the perforations when the projections are arranged in the grooves and the'element is moved toward the cap.

6. In a container closure, an internally thread.- ed cap having a plurality of spaced perforations in the top thereof, an integral spout projecting from the cap and having a channel therein communicating with one of the perforations, an upstanding longitudinally grooved part on the cap between the perforations, an auxiliary sealing element normally carried by the cap in position to seal the perforations and to enclose the upstanding part, inwardly extending projections on the element slidable `in the grooves of the upstanding part, and a plurality of spaced pins projecting beyond the base of the element and entering the perforations of the cap to seal the same and to hold the element removably to the cap.

7. In a container closure, a cap having a plurality of perforations in the top thereof, a removable sealing element normally carried by the cap, and means for sealing the perforations comprising a plurality of pins projecting from the elevment and normally arranged in the perforations and tubes of resilient compressible material interposed, between the lpins and the walls of the perforations when the element is onthe cap.

8. In a container closure, an internally thread,- ed cap having a substantially flat top wall provided with a plurality of perforations therein spaced outwardly from the center thereof, an integral spout on the cap having a flat top surface continuous with the top surface of said top wall, l

said top surface of the spout having a shallow channel therein communicating with one of theperforations, a sealing element having a ilat bottom surface normally arranged on thetop; surface of the cap and a plurality of pins projecting from the bottom surface of the element in position to enter and seal the perforations, whereby' the contents of a container capped by said closure may be dispensed by rst removing the sealingv element to unseal the perforations, and then shaking or sprinkling the contents `out through the perforations or pouring the contents drop by drop throughsaid one perforation leading to the spout and along the channel of the spout.

HUNA L. APFELBAUM-

US2343610A 1942-09-07 1942-09-07 Dropper and pourer cap Expired - Lifetime US2343610A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4661319A (en) * 1984-04-06 1987-04-28 Boehringer Mannheim Diagnostics, Inc. Blood transfer assembly
US20090281508A1 (en) * 2008-05-07 2009-11-12 Joseph Alvino Combination eye cup and drop dispenser
DE102008034831A1 (en) * 2008-07-26 2010-01-28 Brämig, Sabine Bottle dispenser has container with base, with which container is arranged on horizontal level in its stoppage position, and liquid is filled in container

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4661319A (en) * 1984-04-06 1987-04-28 Boehringer Mannheim Diagnostics, Inc. Blood transfer assembly
US4765344A (en) * 1984-04-06 1988-08-23 Boehringer Mannheim Corporation Blood transfer assembly
US20090281508A1 (en) * 2008-05-07 2009-11-12 Joseph Alvino Combination eye cup and drop dispenser
US9072580B2 (en) * 2008-05-07 2015-07-07 Joseph Alvino Combination eye cup and drop dispenser
DE102008034831A1 (en) * 2008-07-26 2010-01-28 Brämig, Sabine Bottle dispenser has container with base, with which container is arranged on horizontal level in its stoppage position, and liquid is filled in container

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