US2342717A - Electric controlling device - Google Patents

Electric controlling device Download PDF

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US2342717A
US2342717A US357660A US35766040A US2342717A US 2342717 A US2342717 A US 2342717A US 357660 A US357660 A US 357660A US 35766040 A US35766040 A US 35766040A US 2342717 A US2342717 A US 2342717A
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motor
means
members
gap
contact
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Michel M Yardeny
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Michel M Yardeny
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D3/00Control of position or direction
    • G05D3/12Control of position or direction using feedback
    • G05D3/125Control of position or direction using feedback using discrete position sensor
    • G05D3/127Control of position or direction using feedback using discrete position sensor with electrical contact

Description

Feb. 1944- M. M. YARDENY ELECTRIC CONTROLLING DEVICE Filed Sept. 20, 1940 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 MCHEL My} RDEN Y INVENTOR.

ATTORNEY Feb. 29, 1944. M, M.-YARDEN Y ELECTRIC CONTROLLING DEVICE Filed Sept. 20, 1940 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. MIC/{EL M. YARDE/VV BY flZ- MWMQA A/T TOR/VEY Feb. 29, 1944- M. M. YARDENY ELECTRIC CONTROLLING DEVICE 4 Sheets-=Sheet 3 Filed SeRtV 2OTTS 46 Fly. 8

Mel/5L M X4 ROE/V Y INVENTOR. Qw u P- mam ATTORNEY M. YARDENY 7 2,342,717

Feb. 29, 1944.

I ELECTRIC CONTROLLING- DEVICE Filed Sept. 20, 1940 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 MCHEL M f nkwE/w INVENTOR. 94W fl M ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 29, 1944 ELECTRIC CONTROLLING DEVICE Michel M. Yardeny, New York, N. Y.

Application September 20, 1940, Serial No. 357,660 In Great Britain January 30, 1939 32 Claims.

Certain improvements and adaptations of the invention of this application are disclosed in my copending application Serial No. 367,982, filed November 30, 1940.

The invention relates to a device for selecting particularly by remote control a predetermined position of an apparatus having a plurality of operative positions, and will hereinafter be described in connection with the tuning of a radio set such as a transmitter or receiver by way of example. The invention contemplates to control in such radio set the variable condenser or other tuning member by means of a motor which is rotatable in two directions and can be stopped in any selected position by current opposition.

The invention further aims to provide a device for creating the current opposition and consists in the combination of two conducting segments of substantially. 180 that are insulated from each other and are each insulated from each other and are each connected to one terminal of a winding of the motor, whereas the common current take up of the motor is connected to one of the terminals, the other supply terminal being connected to a conducting brush which is adapted to slide on the segments and engagein a slot provided between the two segments, while remalning in contact with both segments, thereby creating the current opposition by simultaneously closing the two circuits. I

In order to enable the receiver to be tuned in a simple manner to the selected transmitters and to enable the user to select transmitters quickly, the device according to the invention is provided with a selector which is formed by a series of discs loosely mounted on a spindle coupled to the shaft of the variable condenser, each disc being providedwith means enabling it to be individually locked relatively to said spindle, and with a brush adapted to slide on a pair of half segments.

The invention also consists in the provision of a relay which cuts off the current supply from the motor when the brush is astride on the two conducting segments. a

Further objects and details of the invention will be apparent from the hereinafter description of the drawings illustrating an embodiment thereof by way of example.

In the drawings Fig. 1 shows diagrammatically a partial section of a device according to my invention; Fig. 2 is a circuit diagram thereof;

Fig. 3 is 'an elevation of a switch employed therein; Figs. 4 to '7 illustrate an embodiment of the brus Fig- 8 is a diagrammatic section. of a modified part of the embodiment of Fig. 1; Fig. 9 is a partial section along line 9'9 of Fig. 8; Fig. 10 is a diagram of a delayed action relay;

Fig. 11 is a modification of the circuit diagram of 'Fig. 2.

Referring now to the drawings, the device according to Fig. 1 comprises a reversible motor m, the shaft a, of which is connected through a preferably very flexible resilient joint 7', made of rubber or other approximate material, to the shaft a of the tuning knob b, 0n the shaft a is fixed a small pulley p connected bymeans of a belt 0 to a wheel r mounted on the shaft (1 of the selector by means of a resilient joint 1 formed by a disc d made of rubber or other appropriate material, fixed on the one hand on the shaft by a clamping ring .f' and on the other hand secured to the wheel 1- by rigid connecting members 9. On the shaft a are mounted the selector s, the condenser h and the pointer. The latter is not shown.

The selector comprises a series of discs I, and

which is in turn mounted between a plate 3 and a Z-shaped support 4. In order to enable the discs I to be locked in any desired positions relatively to the shaft a of the condenser, the shaft is secured to a disc 5 on which are fixed rigid U-shaped connecting members 6 as many as there are discs I. Each connecting member is provided with a clamping screw 1 having a washer 8. The U-shaped parts only one of which is shown are of difierent lengths which correspond to the distance of each disc I from disc 5 and enable each disc I to be fixed relatively to the shaft a in anydesired position by clamping the disc between the washer 8 and the bent end of the U- shaped part 6. I

A series of rings, as many as there are discs I, are fixed on the plate 3, which rin s are each formedrby two insulated half segments 9, l0 and are arranged concentrically about the discs I. The half segments 9, 10 are mounted on the plate 3 by means of insulating rods ll so that said half segments are electrically insulated from each other and from the plate 3.

Each disc I is secured to a conducting brush I! which is pressed against the face of each pair of corresponding half segments. In order to obtain the stopping of the brush in a predetermined position, the brush and the spaces between the half segments 9, It must be so formed that the two h lf s gments can on y be i contact simultaneously with the brush in a single position. For this purpose, the brush I1 is so constructed that it can engage with its end in .the space between the two half rings.

A suitable circuit to operate the device is illustrated in Fig. 2. However, it is tobe noticed that there are as many circuits similar to that of Fig. 2 as there are discs I, and that all these circuits have in common only themotor and the source of current. In Fig. 2, A denotes the stator winding, of the motor indicated by m in Fig. 1, the rotor winding being not shown. The two terminals C, D of the stator are connected to the two segments 9 and Ill respectively of the coordinate selector through switches G and H.. Reversely wound coils E1 and E2 of a relay magnet R are connected between C and G and be- It comprises a movable contact member V which comes temporarily into contact with a contact spring X when it is lifted by the forward movement of the cam N, against the restraint of another spring N2. The switches G, H and M. are

simultaneously operated by push button L through rod P and the arrangement may be such that when button L is pushed towards th left in Fig. 1 all three switches ar closed, and when the button is released and returned, e. g., by a spring N2 to its original position G and H remain closed whereas M is opened. Furthermore, the push button structure may be of that well-known type which opens all switches G and H ofthe other similar circuits when it closes the switches G and H of the circuit to which it pertains. The switches G and H' can be also opened manually. It is necessary to open these switches in addition to the disconnecting action of the relay, so that closing of the gap between the segments 9 and I 0 by the arm I! will not affect the opera=. tion of the device when other segments are connected in parallel with the segments 9 and I0.

Thus, by actuating the push button L, the cam N closes the contact of the switch M for a very short time, a current impulse therefore passes through one of the windings E1 or E2, according to the position of the brush l1, said impulse actuates the relay R which closes the switch T and-holds same in this position until the brush i1 comes astride on the two half segments 9 and in; the current then flows simultaneously through the two windings E1 and E2 which being wound in opposite directions, weaken or eliminate the two magnetic fields: and the relay releases the switch. The difference between the forces of the fields of the two windings must be smaller than the force of the spring of 'the relay.

However, in order to attain propenand instant and 5. In. this manner, all deformations, if any,

are borne by the resilient spring rather than by the disc. The brushes may have any suitable form, e. g., triangular, and the brush contact may slide over or under the segments or move in any other suitable manner.

However, it is of utmost importance, particularly in a tuning device for short waves, that the brush can be in contact with the two segments only in a single predetermined position. This means, the brush contact should be in exactly the same position relatively to the opposite ends of the segments whenever the motor stops owing to contact between 9 and in being established. Although the current is cut oil from the motor, it might occur that the rotor is'carried round by its momentum and the brush does not stop in the slit between the two contacts but continues to rotate, thereby closing the circuit of the opposite contact, which causes the rotor to rotate in the opposite direction, in which its momentum again carries the brush beyond the slit, and so forth. For this reason, I found the contact structure according to Figs. 4 to '7 advantageous because it combines with an exact spot contact a relatively strong mechanical braking effect. In these figures, the resilient brush i! is triangular and fixed by means of two eyes i8, is to the.

disc of the selector; near'the end of the spring is formed a cage in which is arranged a ball 22 which is adapted to engage a circular recess 23 formed between the two segments 9 and i0. Furthermore, the ends of the segments are so bent as to form small mounds 24 which the ball 22 has to climb in order to reach the recess 23. In this manner the stoppage of the motor is ob.- tained by the simultaneous electrical action of the current opposition and of the mechanical braking effect produced by the engagement of the ball in the recess.

It cannot be avoided that owing to the sudden stopping of the motor certain oscillations occur. However, it is necessary to dampen such oscillations rapidly and to prevent them fromreachstoppage of the motor and reliable operation of ably made of a resilient material, to the discs as near as possible to the disc centers and extending radially therefrom. as shown in Figs. '4!

ing the condenser. For this purpose, the shaft of the motor is connected to the shaft of the condenser through a reducing gear, the driven element of which is mounted on the condenser shaft by means of a resilient internal friction jointwhich acts at the same time as a buffer and as a damper. A structure suited for this purpose has been shown and described hereinbefore. In fact, by means of this system, the oscillations of the rotor, i. e, of the shaft a are only transmitted to the wheel 1' after a considerable reduction.- Ratios of 20/1 can be readily obtained: thus an oscillation of is expressed on the wheel by an oscillation of 6", but even this is not transmitted to the selector shaft owing to the resilient joint, which acts at the same time as a buffer and as a damper.

It should be pointed out that in spite of the insertion of a resilient element, there can be no play between the selector and the variable condenser, the connection between these two elements being rigid. Of course, the resiliency of the disc has to be calculated proportionally to the reduction; the greater the ratio, the more rigid may be the disc.

In order to prevent any displacement between the selector andvthe variable condenser h, the latter is mounted on the frame I of the receiver by means of a U-shaped support S1 which does not allow of any swing in the direction of the movement of the blades 12 this same support be-'.

ing resilient perpendicular to the direction of said movement so as to prevent Larsen effect.

In order'further to increase the efficiency of the system, a'second resilient torsion joint is inserted between the motor and the driving element of the transmission.

The insertion of these resilient joints makes Figs.-8..and 9 illustrate an accordingly modified forinof theitransmiss'ion between the motor shaft an and the selector. In this structure, the shaft a -iof. the motor is connected through a'joint or -=flexible blade? to the shaft d2 of the manual tuning knob b. On the shaft a is fixed a small pulley .p, connected by means of a belt or the like to .a drum r mounted on the shaft (1 of the selector s by means of a resilient joint 1' formed by a washer d made of rubber or other appropriate material and fixed, on thefone hand, on the shaft a by means of a fork-shaped part f, and on the other hand secured to the drum r by means of the studs 9 (Fig. 9). A rigid clutch is formed,'on the one hand by the ends e and e of, the fork ,f, andson the other hand by holes t of the magnet of the relay and of the armature, is applied an adherent material, preferably comprising rubber, in order to delay the action of the relay. A flat spring 31, on which is mounted 6 the armature, tends to move same away from it difficult to tune-the receiver by hand, in particular on the short waves.

the magnet. v

The device operates in the following manner: For calibrating the apparatus to any station, a push button L is depressed which causes the 10 motor to rotate until the disc stops with its conductingbrush I! in the space between the two corresponding half rings 9 and ID. The corresponding'calibrating screw 1 is then loosened, thereby enabling the station to be found by rol5 tating the'variable condenser with the aid of knob b without moving the disc I, and the screw 1 is then tightened again.

This system locking the discs independently enables any station of the dial to be selected for '20 each push button and to change the station of any button without upsetting the adjustments of the other buttons.

In order to tune in a station after the discs I. have been adjusted, the particular push button L is depressedawhich.simultaneously closes the switches G, H and the momentary switch M. This causes current to flow from P2 through M, V, and l to IT. Depending now whether I] contacts segment-9 or In the current goes on in through G, E1, 0, B or through H, E2, D, B to P1.

and it provided in the drum 1 opposite said ends.

If it is desired to obtain a rigid connection between the drum 1' and the shaft a it suifices to engagethe ends e and e in the corresponding holes. t -and t by shifting the drum. This clutch is. actuated by the tuning knob b through the piv- Qoted lever l acting on the boss of the drum 1. A retracting spring q is provided to hold the drum the disengaged position. On the other hand, in order to permit of the axial movement of the manual shaft'a without moving in this direction the motor shaft a the flexible joint 71 is so mounted that it can'slide on the shaft a. A spring q is provided on the shaft a between the pulley p and the lever Z to prevent the lever when in the disthe vibrations of the loudspeaker.

As further shown in this figure, the fixing of soonas the brush I 1 with ball 22 engagedposition from vibrating in resonance with the selector isobtainedby means of a ring m attached to the frame 12." The shaft of the selecto p ses through said ring. In order to prevefitf cirefiitbf"the motor closed'." 'fl'his' isillus'trated .the longitudinal movement of the shaft relatively to .the ring, a resilient washer o is provided in a groove formed in the. shaft a From the foregoing statements as to the electrical braking effect of the current. opposition when the brush contacts both segments 9 and I0 it will be clear. that an. instantaneous. reaction of the relay releasing switch '1 is not desired. In fact, the relay must hold the switch T should the brush contact 22-jump. the recess 23 in order to insure that the contact finally settles down .in

said recess. For this reason, a relay with delayed part 35 which issecured to the movable armature of th relay. On the opposite faces 38, 39

In either case R. will be,instantaneously ,energized so as to close switch T. Simultaneously the motor will rotate to turn shaft 11 and with this the condenser and the selector discs I. As reaches recess 23 the opposing currents will stop the motor and relay R will open switch T with a slight delay so as to cut off the current.

. If small universal motors are used for driving the selector, the relay may be dispensed with. It is known that the shaft of a small universal motor with two field magnets moves in direction of its axis at the instant when the current supply is switched on to the motor, and only returns in Fig. 11 in which A1, Az'represent the two field windings of a universal motor- The two termi- T is actuated by the translation of the shaft a rials C, D of A1 and. A2 are connected to the two contacts 9, H) of the selector through the two switches G and H respectively which are actuated by apush button I; of the usual type.- The central tapping B of the motor is connected to one l of the terminals P2 of a source of energy, e. g., of the secondary of a transformer through the armature I of the motor, whereas the other terminal P1 of=the source is connected to the terminal U of the brushes -ll.- This line P.1U is provided with two switches M and T connected in parallel. Theswitch M is actuated by the push button L through a cam N and enables a temporary contact to be made, whereas the switch of the motor- This device operates as follows:

By depressing the push button L, the pusher closes the contacts G, H and, for a space of time,

n the contact of the switch M. A current impulse therefore flows through one of the windings A;

011A: of the motor according to the position of the brush II; this impulse is sufficient to produce the translatory movement of the shaft a of the motor and thereby to close the contact T actu- .ated by said shaft. The shaft maintains this contact closed until the brush llof the selector has been carried round by the motor and comes astride on the two segments 9, iii (the mechanical connection between the motor and the selec- "tor is not shown in the diagram); the current apparent to those skilled in the art that, many alterations and modifications of the illustrated embodiment'can be made without departing from the essence and spirit of the invention. e. g., the push buttons may be mounted on the set or arranged apart from the set, thereby permitting of remote control. Or while I have shown stationary contact segments with co-ordinate rotatable selector discs, the discs may be stationarr and the segmentsmovable.

I claim:

1. An electric controlling device comprising a plurality of pairs of conducting members mounted in spaced relation to each other, the members ofeach pair being separated by a gap, a reversible electric motor electrically controlled by the respective members of every pair. contact brushes slidably engaging respective conducting members and adapted to bridge the gaps in a predetermined position for stopping the motor, means to produce by the motor relative movement between the conducting members and the brushes, and means to adjust the relative positions of the brushes to select predetermined positions as close to each other as desired.

2. An electric controlling device comprising a plurality of pairs of stationary conducting members insulated from eachother and separated by gaps in every. pair, a shaft, contact members loosely mounted on the shaft in sliding contact with the respective pairs of conducting members, a reversible motor operatlvely connected with the shaft. fixing members, means to support the fix-.

being adapted to engage and attach to the shaft a corresponding contact member in a desired position, and means to energize any desired con- Thus,

means being of a delayed action type,the delay in the action being sufficient to permit stopping of the oscillations of the contact members'incident to the stopping of the motor. I," d

4. An electric controlling device comprising a plurality of sets of relatively movable control elements consisting of pairs of conducting'members, the members of each pair beingseparated by a gap, and contact members slidably engaging the conducting members of respective pairs, a shaft, one set of said control elements being loosely mounted on. said shaft, a motor operatively connected with said shaft for rotating the same, means for electrically controlling saidmotor by said control elements, means for selectively Y energizing said control elements to control the operation of said motor, means to stop said'motor when a selected contact member reaches. its cor- -responding gap, means for placing each of said control elements of one set in any desired posi-.

lock same on said shaft in the respective adjusted 7 positions thereof.

5. An electric controlling device comprising a Q pair of conducting members separated by a gap,

in'g'members on the shaft, every fixing member so a contacting element movable relative to said conducting members for selectively contacting the same, drivemeans for effecting correspond.- ing relative movement between said contacting element and said conducting members, and means for gradually increasing the frictional resistance between the conducting members and said contacting element shortly prior to the element occu pying said gap and as such element and gap approach each other. i

6. An electric controlling device comprising a pair of conducting members separated by a gap, a contacting element movable'relative' to said conducting members for selectively contacting the same, a reversible electric motor having its windings electrically controlled by said conducting members and by said contacting element, said motor being adapted to stop when said contacting element occupies said gap, drive means actuated upon operation of said motor in either said conduiting members, and raisedmeans on I said conducting members at either side of said ducting member and a corresponding contact member, the motor being adapted to be stopped when the contact member reaches the corresponding gap. I 3. An electric controlling device comprising a plurality of pairs of conducting members separated by gaps, contact members in a sliding engagement with the corresponding conducting members adapted to bridge the gaps, a reversible motor electrically controlled by the respective gap for frictionally resisting the movement of said contacting element away from said gap. A

' 7. An electric controlling device comprising a pair of conducting-members separated by a gap,

a brush movable relative to said conducting members for selectively contacting the same, means for resiliently urging said brush toward said connnndncting .members nf..,,every. pair;and ,by. the .ated .npon. operafionofsaid motorifor eflecting .momesponding zielatiremorementzbetween said adaptedto bestoppe'd when arcontact member brush and said conductingmembers, and means ducting members, means to produce by the motor bridges the gap of a selectedpair of said con-' for increasing saidpredetermined pressure between the conducting members and said brush a ,relative movement between the conducting 70 when said brush occupies said gap.

members and the contact member, means to energize the motor by energizing a selected pairof conducting members, and means to, automatically disconnect the motor circuit when the contact 8. A controlling device comprising a pair of conducting members separated'by a gap, a brush member in the., form of,.a resilient spring-member supported at one endand extending gennembers reach a predeterminedposition, said 15 orally parallel to the plane of said 'conducflng members and adapted to exert a yielding pressure in the plane normal to said conducting members at the other end thereof spaced from its support, said spring having an aperture at said spaced end, and a ball of larger diameter than said aperture secured within said aperture to be held in relation to said spring and resiliently urged by said spring into accurate contact with said conducting members when at the gap.

9. An electric controlling device comprising conducting members separated by a gap, a contact member engaging and relatively movable with respect to said conducting members, a reversible electric motor having reversing windings controlled by said conducting and contact members and adapted to be stopped when said gap is reached, transmission means operated by said motor for eifecting said relative movement be tween said conducting members and said contact member, and yieldable damping means having substantial internal friction included in said transmission means for suppressing oscillations in said relative movement as a result of the inertia effect in the stopping of said motor.

10. An electric controlling device comprising conducting members separated by a gap, a con tact member engaging and relatively movable with respect to said conducting members and adapted to bridge said gap, a reversible electric motor having reversing windings connected in a circuit with said conducting and contact members and adapted to be rendered operative when said contact member engages only one of said conducting members and to be rendered inoperative when said gap is reached, means for checking said relative movement when said gap is bridged, transmission means operated by said motor for effecting said relative movement between said conducting members and said contact member, and anti-hunting means having substantial internal friction included in .said transmission means for allowing overrunning of said motor as a result of the inertia effect in the stopping of said motor. Y

11. An electric controlling devicecomprising conductirm members separated by a gap, a contact member engaging said conducting members,

a shaft for supporting one of said members for movement relative to the other said members, an electric motor electrically controlled by the respective conducting and contact members and adapted to be rendered operative-when said con tact member engages only one of said conducting members and to be rendered inoperative when said gap is reached, means for checking said relative movement when said gap is reached, transmission means operated by said motor for effecting said' relative movement between said ,conducting members and said contact member, and anti-hunting means having substantial internal friction included between said transmission means and said shaft for allowing overrunning of said motor as a result of the inertia effect in the stopping of said motor.

12. An electric controlling device comprising conducting members separated by a gap, a contact member engaging and relatively movable with respect to said conducting members, a reversible electric motor electrically controlled by the respective conducting andcontact members and adapted to be rendered operative when said contact member engages only, one of said conducting members and to be rendered inoperative when said gap is reached, transmission means operated by said motor including a low .tact member engaging and relatively movable with respect to said conducting members, a reversible electric motor having reversing windings electrically controlled by the respective conducting and contact members and adapted to be stopped when said gap is reached, transmission means operated by said motor for effecting said relative movement between said conducting members and said contact member, yieldable damping means having substantial internal friction included in said transmission means for suppressing oscillations in said relative movement as a result of the inertia effect in the stopping of said motor, and means for selectively rendering said yieldable damping means ineffective in said transmission means to provide direct rigid drive for manual adjustment.

14. An electric controlling device comprising conducting members separated by a gap, a contact member engaging and relatively movable with respect to said conducting members and 2 iapted to bridge said gap, a reversible electric motor having reversing windings connected in a circuit with said conducting and contact members and adapted to be stopped when said gap is bridged, transmission means operated by said motor for effecting said relative movement between said conducting members and said contact member, yieldable damping means having substantial internal friction included in said transmission means for suppressing oscillations in said relative movement as a result of the inertia effect in the stopping of said motor, means to manually rotate the shaft, and means to rigidly connect the said shaft with the transmission when the manual control is used.

' 15. An electric control device comprising relatively movable control elements, a reversible motor having windings electrically controlled by the respective control elements, means providing for current supply to said windings under control of said movable control elements to secure rotation of said motor in the direction determined by the relative position of said control elements, said control elements in a predetermined relative positon effecting a change in said current supply to the motor windings to cause the motor to stop, electromagnetic means included in the circuits of said motor windings for disconnecting the motor from the supp circuit in response to said control elements moving into said predetermined relative position and for maintaining said motor circuit closed in positions other than said predetermined relative position thereof, and temporarily acting switch means for closing the motor circuit independently of said electromagnetic ing action of said electromagnetic means until after said motor has stopped its rotation.

18. An electric controlling device comprising a pair of conducting members separated by a gap, a reversible electric motor having reversing wound coils included in the respective circuits of the motor windings and adapted to close the motor circuitwhen only one of said coils is energized and to open the motor circuit when both said coils are energized, and additional means to momentarily energize said relay for closing the motor circuit to start the motor when said contact brush is displaced from said gap.

19. An electric controlling device comprising a plurality of pairs of conducting members insulated from each other, the members of each pair being separated by a gap, contact members in sliding engagement with the corresponding conducting members adapted to bridge the respective gaps, a reversible motor having its windings electrically controlled by the respective conducting and contact members, the motor being adapted to be stopped only when the-selected contact member bridges a selected gap in a preselected position, drive means actuatedby said motor for effecting relativemovement between the conducting members and the contact members, and switch means to prevent the motor from being stopped when contact members other than the selected member bridge their corresponding gaps.

20. A controlling'device comprising movable control elements separated by a gap, a contact member in-sliding engagement withv said elements and adapted to bridge said gap, a reversible electric motor with reversing windings connected with the respective control elements, drive means actuated by said motor for eifecting said relative movement, means actuated by said control elements for deenergizing and stopping the motor when the selected contactor bridges a cor-- responding gap, the motor having an armature on an axially movableshaft adapted to move axially in one direction 'in response to the motor being energized and in the opposite direction upon being deenergized, switch means operated by said movement of the armature in said one direction for closing a circuit to said motor and ,anember for engaging; the renductingznembers, areversible electric'motor, driveaneans operated by the motor for efiecting relative movement between the contact members and the conducting members, switch means for energizing a selected control element from a Source of current, means to cause rotation of the motor in one or the other direction in response to theselected contact member engaging one or theother conducting member, and electromagnetic means to dispe n can.

22. An electric controlling apparatus comprising a plurality of control elements, said elements consisting of pairs of conducting members supported in spaced relation to each other, the members of each pair being separated by a gap, a shaft, contact members which each slidably and continuously engage at least one of the conducting members of a pair, one of the control elements being mounted on the shaft, a reversible electric motor operatively connected with the shaft, means to energize a selected contact member and the. corresponding conductin member without energizing the other control elements, means to control rotation of the motor by the selected conducting and contact members, the motor being normally adaptedto be stopped only when the selected contact member bridges the corresponding gap.

23. An electric controlling apparatus comprising a plurality of control elements, each control element consistingof a pair of conducting members separated by a gap and of a contact member for engaging the conducting members, a reversible electric motor, drive means operated by the motorfor effecting relative movement between the contact members and the conducting members, switch means for energizing a selected control elementv from a source or current, means to cause rotation of the motor in one or the other direction in response to the selected contact member engaging one or the other conducting member, means to maintain the motor rota.- tion until the gap is bridged by the selected contact member, electromagnetic means adapted to disconnect the motor from a source of current by increased current conditions incidental to the selected gap being bridged, and means to start the motor. 1

24. An electric controlling device comprising a pair of control elements, an electric motor, drive means operated by the motor for moving one element in relation to the other, means to stop the motor when the movable element reaches a predetermined position on the other control element, the motor having a movable armature normally remaining out of alignment with field magnets but adapted to be moved inwardly or the field when the motor is energized, means operated by the armature for stopping the motor in response to'the movable element reaching a predetermined position on the other control element, and means to startthe motor.

25. Control elements for an electric control system comprising a pair or conducting members separated by a gap, a contact member extending over the conducting members, a rounded projec tion at the end of the contact member resiliently wedged between the contact member and the conducting members, means to effect relative movement between the contact member and the conducting members, and means to stop the relagtive movement in responseto *the -gap being connect the motor from its source or-current with the switch means still closed, in response to 7 ble electric motor operatively connected with the diridged bythe rounded proiectionithe edges of the conducting members in the gap having arouate recesses for the rounded projection for increasing the contact area. 26. An electric controlling apparatuscomprising a plurality of pairs of conducting members mounted in spaced relation to each other, the members of each pair being separated bya gap, a shaft, contact members mounted on the shaft for engagingthe conducting members; a reversishalt and electrically controlled by the respective conducting members of every pair and by the respective contact members, the motor being adapted to be stopped with the shaft in a predetermined position by a selected contact member reaching the corresponding gap, and means to adjust the relative angular positions between the contact members and the corresponding gaps, to select predetermined stopping positions as close to each other angularly as desired.

27. An electric controlling apparatus comprising a plurality of pairs of conducting members mounted in spaced relation to each other, the members of each pair being separated by a gap, contact members for slidably and simultaneously engaging the conducting members, a reversible electric motor controlled by the respective conducting members of every pair and the corresponding contact member, means to produce by the motor relative movement between the ccnducting members and the contact members, the motor being adapted to be stopped by a selected gap being reached by the corresponding contact member in a predetermined position, and means to adjust the relative positions between the contact members and the corresponding gaps to select predetermined stopping positions as close to each other as desired.

28. An electric controlling apparatus comprising a plurality of control elements, each control element comprising a pair of conducting members separated by a gap and a contact member engaging the conducting members, a reversible electricmotor, drive means operated by the mo-- tor for eflfecting relative movement between the conducting members and the contact members,

switch means to energize a selected control element from a source of current, means to cause rotation of the motor in one or the other direction in response to the contact member of the selected control element engaging one or the other conducting member and to stop the motor by the contact member bridging the gap, said switch means comprising separate switch members for each conducting member of each controlelement and for a common lead from the source of current, the common switch member being adapted to be disconnected not later than the switches for the energized pair or conducting members.

29. An electric controlling apparatus comprisend or the contact member, the contact member having means to retain theball, the contact 'point.

member being also constructed and arranged to resiliently urge the ball when at the gap simultaneously into contact with both conducting members.

30. An electric controlling apparatus comprising a pair of conducting members separated by a gap, a. shaft rotatably mounted concentrically with the conducting members, a contact member mounted on the shaft extending to the conducting members for engaging the same, a motor, operative connections between the motor and the shaft, means to control the direction of rotation of the motor by the position of the contact member on one or the other of the conducting members and to stop the motor by the contact member bridging the gap, and a rounded projection at the end of the contact member, the contact member being adapted to be resiliently deflected by the rounded member engaging the conducting member.

31. An electric control apparatus comprising a pair of control elements, one element comprising conducting members separated by a gap, the other element comprising a contact member engaging the conducting members, a reversible electric motor, drive means operated by the motor for effecting relative movement between the control elements, the direction of the movement being controlled by the position of the contact member on one or the other of the conducting members, the motor being adapted to be stopped when the gap is reached by the contact member, and means to suppress hunting f the motor when the gap is reached by the contact member, said hunting-suppressing means comprising means to check said relative movement when the contact member reaches the gap and yieldable means for allowing overrunning of the motor by inertia when the gap is reached by the contact member.

32. An electric control apparatus comprising a pair of control elements, one element comprising conducting means, the other element comprising a contact member for engaging the conducting means, the conducting means having a neutral point; a reversible electric motor, drive means operated by the motor for eflecting relative movement between the control elements, means to control rotation of the motor by the position of the contact member on one or the other side of the conducting means relatively or the neutral point, the motor being adapted to be rendered inoperative by the position of the contact member on the neutral point, and means to suppress hunting of the motor including frictional yieldable coupling for allowing the motor, when rendered inoperative, to overrun by inertia without displacing the contact member irom the neutral MICHEL H. YARDENY.

US357660A 1939-01-30 1940-09-20 Electric controlling device Expired - Lifetime US2342717A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2416274A (en) * 1944-05-23 1947-02-18 Michel N Yardeny Continuous control apparatus with linear motion
US2420026A (en) * 1944-05-05 1947-05-06 Michel N Yardeny Dual remote-control apparatus
US2428403A (en) * 1943-12-21 1947-10-07 Michel N Yardeny Antiarcing electric motor control apparatus
US2439329A (en) * 1945-10-11 1948-04-06 Michel N Yardeny Electric control apparatus for rapidly placing a load in any desired position
US2442739A (en) * 1944-07-15 1948-06-01 Michel N Yardeny Dual control apparatus for continuous and preselected multiturn motion
US2447023A (en) * 1944-02-03 1948-08-17 Howard M Mccoy Selective control mechanism for governor-controlled aircraft propellers
US2450071A (en) * 1944-11-23 1948-09-28 Michel N Yardeny Synchronous preset remote control system
US2462033A (en) * 1944-03-20 1949-02-15 Michel N Yardeny Control apparatus with flexible control elements
US2471220A (en) * 1944-01-11 1949-05-24 Lear Inc Remote positioning and indicating system
US2472271A (en) * 1943-06-14 1949-06-07 Michel N Yardeny Antihunting means for control devices
US2475271A (en) * 1943-12-10 1949-07-05 Michel N Yardeny Multispeed selector mechanism
US2475269A (en) * 1943-02-27 1949-07-05 Michel N Yardeny Antihunting means for remotecontrol systems
US2475270A (en) * 1943-12-04 1949-07-05 Michel N Yardeny Multispeed control apparatus
US2476016A (en) * 1944-02-12 1949-07-12 Michel N Yardeny One-way stopping means for control apparatus
US2476106A (en) * 1946-03-27 1949-07-12 Aerotec Corp Electric motor follow-up transmitting apparatus
US2494922A (en) * 1943-11-23 1950-01-17 Michel N Yardeny Apparatus for selectively positioning a load
DE1287177B (en) * 1964-03-25 1969-01-16 Philips Patentverwaltung Device for electromechanical storing of vorgewaehlten Abstimmstellungen for a continuously tunable Kanalwaehler

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2475269A (en) * 1943-02-27 1949-07-05 Michel N Yardeny Antihunting means for remotecontrol systems
US2472271A (en) * 1943-06-14 1949-06-07 Michel N Yardeny Antihunting means for control devices
US2494922A (en) * 1943-11-23 1950-01-17 Michel N Yardeny Apparatus for selectively positioning a load
US2475270A (en) * 1943-12-04 1949-07-05 Michel N Yardeny Multispeed control apparatus
US2475271A (en) * 1943-12-10 1949-07-05 Michel N Yardeny Multispeed selector mechanism
US2428403A (en) * 1943-12-21 1947-10-07 Michel N Yardeny Antiarcing electric motor control apparatus
US2471220A (en) * 1944-01-11 1949-05-24 Lear Inc Remote positioning and indicating system
US2447023A (en) * 1944-02-03 1948-08-17 Howard M Mccoy Selective control mechanism for governor-controlled aircraft propellers
US2476016A (en) * 1944-02-12 1949-07-12 Michel N Yardeny One-way stopping means for control apparatus
US2462033A (en) * 1944-03-20 1949-02-15 Michel N Yardeny Control apparatus with flexible control elements
US2420026A (en) * 1944-05-05 1947-05-06 Michel N Yardeny Dual remote-control apparatus
US2416274A (en) * 1944-05-23 1947-02-18 Michel N Yardeny Continuous control apparatus with linear motion
US2442739A (en) * 1944-07-15 1948-06-01 Michel N Yardeny Dual control apparatus for continuous and preselected multiturn motion
US2450071A (en) * 1944-11-23 1948-09-28 Michel N Yardeny Synchronous preset remote control system
US2439329A (en) * 1945-10-11 1948-04-06 Michel N Yardeny Electric control apparatus for rapidly placing a load in any desired position
US2476106A (en) * 1946-03-27 1949-07-12 Aerotec Corp Electric motor follow-up transmitting apparatus
DE1287177B (en) * 1964-03-25 1969-01-16 Philips Patentverwaltung Device for electromechanical storing of vorgewaehlten Abstimmstellungen for a continuously tunable Kanalwaehler

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