US2339115A - Machine for and method of packaging capsules - Google Patents

Machine for and method of packaging capsules Download PDF

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Publication number
US2339115A
US2339115A US34394740A US2339115A US 2339115 A US2339115 A US 2339115A US 34394740 A US34394740 A US 34394740A US 2339115 A US2339115 A US 2339115A
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Prior art keywords
capsule
plate
discharge
shown
capsules
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Robert P Scherer
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Robert P Scherer
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B15/00Attaching articles to cards, sheets, strings, webs, or other carriers
    • B65B15/02Attaching small articles, e.g. buttons, to cards
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J3/00Devices or methods specially adapted for bringing pharmaceutical products into particular physical or administering forms
    • A61J3/07Devices or methods specially adapted for bringing pharmaceutical products into particular physical or administering forms into the form of capsules or similar small containers for oral use

Description

,1 R. P. SCHERER 2,339,115

INVENTOR 1 05a fife/Mid ATTORNEYS.

Jan. 1944- R. P. SCHERER 2,339,115

' MACHINE FOR AND-METHOD 0F PACKAGING CAPSULES Filed July 5, 1940 s Shee tS-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.

2 02? I? 50. FM M4 ATTORNEYS Jan. 11, 1944. R. P. SCHERER MACHINE FOR AND METHOD OF PACKAGING CAPSULES Filed July 5, 1940 w 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 l6 W u 50 I i IIhhh 6 llll. 7 I l 60 m 20 I II 8 32 34 22 32 26 36 40 42 28 k 1 1 I 7 34 62 30 4, 66 O- A? 10 70 4 l H I }4/ I. 44 x lh|lh|h 111m. /4

' INVENTOR. aw 25mm? 7 Z BY i 6% ,4

ATTORNEYJ Patented Jan. 11, 1944 OFFlCE MACHINE FOR AND METHbD OF PACK- AGING CAPSULES Robert P. Scherer, Detroit, Mich. Application July 5, 1940, Serial No. 343,941

4 Claims.

The object of invention is to provide a machine for packaging capsules or other small pellet like objects so that they will be individually supported and attractively displayed. This invention is designed to accomplish this object rapidly and economically.

A further object is to provide a machine whereby a plurality of capsules may be discharged or ejected into a receiving container, which container is adapted to individually grip and support the capsules. The machine is so constructed that the capsule gripping portions of the container are actuated by parts of the machine to permit the capsules being placed upon their seats to be there held by the capsule gripping portions of the container upon withdrawal of the machine therefrom.

The capsule container which the improved machine is adapted to fill is'provided with a plurality of capsule seats. Each seat is adapted to receive and support an individual capsule. Each capsule seat is provided with a hinged or flexible wall portion that partially overhangs the seat and engages the capsuleat a point above its horizontal median line to hold it securely in place.

The machine is provided with capsule discharg-;

ing mechanism which includes spreading means adapted to engage the flexible wall portions of the capsule retainer that overhang the capsule seats to actuate them to uncover thefseatsto receive the capsules. This is accomplished during the ejection of the capsules and in the form here shown simultaneously therewith.

In considering the process aspect of the invention, a capsule carried by capsule discharging means is moved toward the capsule seat of the retainer to bring a portion of the discharging mechanism into engagement with a portion of the retainer and during the ejection of the capsule the capsule seat is uncovered and thecapsule is deposited thereon. The mechanism is then withdrawn leaving the capsule seated within the retainer. I

Various other objects, advantages, and meritorious features of the invention will more fully appear from the following description, appended claims, and accompanying drawings, wherein:

Figure 1 is an elevation partly in section taken on line l-l of Fig. 2, and at right angles to the elevation of Fig. 2,

Fig. 2 is an elevation taken at right angles to the view in Fig. l but showing a part of the capsule feed hopper in section,

' sule guide plate 24.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken on line 33 of Fig. 1,

Fig. 4 is a sectional fragment of the structure 4 taken on thesame line asFig. 1 but showing the capsules at the moment of their'complete'ejection from the discharge mechanism into the retainer,

and e Fig. 5 is an enlarged perspective, and

Figs. 6, 7 and 8 are enlarged sectional views steps in depositing a capsule upon the retainer seat to be held thereon.

A container of the character here shown being filled is disclosed inapplication of Robert P. Scherer, Serial No. 339,107, filed June 6, 1940. The machine here illustrated is adapted to fill such container with capsules. It is obvious that small objects, such as tablets, pellets, or the like might be used instead of capsules and wherever the term capsules is employed herein it is intended to cover such an object which is usable in the mechanism here shown. In the drawings the container or capsule retainer sheet itself is indicated as I0 and this is shown as a sheet like member which is provided with a series of flaps or prongs l2 that overhang floor portions serving as capsule'seats. These prongs are adapted to be spread apart to receive the capsule therebetween upon the seat.

A plurality of prongs is shown as associated with each capsule seat. In the particular construction here shown four such prongs are so illustrated. Upon the spreading apart of these prongs the capsule is discharged onto the seat. Upon withdrawal of the capsule discharging mechanism the prongs spring back to 'a position to engage the capsule at a pointslightly above the horizontal median line so as to retain the capsule in place. Suflicient of the capsule is ex-' posed to be grasped by the fingers for removal.

The machine base-is indicated as I4. Supported upon brackets [5 from the base is a hopper like container 18 which has a discharge spout 20 through which capsules are adapted to feed. The capsules will not ordinarily run .out from the discharge spout. It has slightly upturned lip 4|. The top of this spout is open so that capsules may be brushed therefrom onto a capmounted by a hopper ring 26 which is three sided as shown in Fig. 2 and open on-the side adjacent to the hopper so that capsules may be brushed into the enclosure of the ring onto the guide plate 24. The guide plate has a handle 28. The guide plate is slidably supported upon a guide way formed in a capsule discharge plate 30.

This guide plate is sur- The guide plate is provided with a plurality of capsule receiving orifices 32. Each orifice is adapted to receive a single capsule. Normally the guide plate is positioned with respect to the capsule discharge plate as shown in Fi 1. In

this position the orifices 32 through the guide plate do not register with the orifices 34 through the discharge plate so that as capsules are brushed over the guide plate to fill each of the orifices therein such capsules will not pass through the orifices but will remain therein as shown in Fig. 1.

In Fig. l the discharge plate and guide plate are elevated. The discharge plate is formed with a tubular bearing 36 which is slidably mounted upon a standard 38 and a cam 40 is carried by said tubular bearing portion and adapted for actuation by handle 42. This cam rests upon a bearing block 44 and is adapted to be swung to raise and lower the discharge plate. The guide plate and the hopper ring 26 move with the discharge plate in raising and lowering. The structure is shown in the elevated position in Fig. 1. It is shown in the lowered position in Fig. 4. The standard 38 is provided with a key way in which is mounted a key 46, which key also fits within a key-way in the tubular element 36 so as to guide the raising and lowering of the discharge plate 30. i

superposing the tubular portion 36 of the discharge plate is a spring 48 which encircles the standard and superposing this spring is ram mechanism 50 which is slidably supported upon 43 and supports the ram mechanism in the ele-' vated position. Whenit is swung to the position shown ,in Fig. 4 bringing its key way 56 in registry with key 46 it may be lowered against the; tension of the spring 48 and urged downwardlyv to cause the individual ram elements 54 to pass through the capsule orifices in the guide plate.

and into the capsule orifices of the discharge plate which ejects the capsules therefrom as shown in Fig. 4. For this operation to be carried out the orifices of the guide plate and discharge plate must register.

When the guide plate is in the position shown I in Fig. 1 the lands between the discharge orifices superpose the discharge orifices 34 of the discharge plate as shown in Figs. 1 and 3 and the capsules are received merely within the discharge orifices of the guide plate. The guide plate is thenmoved toward the standard to the position shown in Fig, 4 to bring its orifices 32 into registration with orifices 34 of the discharge plate. The capsules then fall downwardly through the orifices in the guide plate and discharge plate to be held by the capsule directing fingers of each orifice of the discharge plate. The guide plate has pins 62 which serve as stops to limit its movement. The pin adjacent the standard is receivable within a slot 63 shown in Fig. 3 in the discharge plate.

Each discharge orifice of the discha e plate has formed as part thereof or as a con inuation thereof capsule directing fingers 66. Four are shown in the form illustrated. Each oi these four fingers is formed of very thin flexible sheet metal and shaped as shown so that they converge at their outer ends so as to receive between the four fingers a capsule as illustrated in Fig. 6. These fingers are very flexible. At their extreme outer ends they are shaped to form a portion adapted to enter thespace between the flaps l2 of the retainer 10. In Figs. 5 and 6 they are shown as so entering this space.

To accomplish this entrance the container or retainer shell is positioned on the base. The discharge plate is then lowered. The discharge plate may be provided with guide pins Ill adapted to engage corners or portions of the retainer III to support it or the retainer I0 may be supported by a portion 12 formed as part of the base as shown in Fig. 1. When the fingers enter the space between the flexible flaps I2 shown in Fig. 6 and the discharge plate continues to move downwardly these flaps tend to ride upwardly on the fingers 66 as shown in Fig. 7. The'ram mechanism is then swung about to a position for lowering and as it is lowered to the points shown in Figs. 4 and 7, the capsules [4 are ejected as shown in these figures. Upon raising the ram and dis charge mechanism the capsule is grasped by the flaps l2 of the retainer and held securely in position as shown in Fig. 8.

What I claim: 1. Amachi'ne of the character described comprising means'for supporting a capsule retainer.

2. capsule discharge plate supported above said retainer and operable to be raised or lowered with respect thereto, said discharge plate provided with a plurality of capsule orifices, each orifice provided with depending capsule directing flexible fingers approaching each other spaced above their outer ends to retain a capsule therebeguide plate, said ram mechanism provided with individual ram elements corresponding with the discharge orifices of the discharge plate, said ram mechanism supported to be moved to cause the ram elements to enter the discharge orifices.

2. That process of packaging capsules comprising providing a capsule retainer sheet having a capsule seat provided with a swingable flap overhanging the seat, advancing a capsule discharging device carrying a capsule toward said seat and into engagement with said flap, ejecting said cap-.

sule from the discharging device and simuitaneously urging a portion of the discharging device to swing the flap to uncover the seat to receive the capsule;

3. A machine of the character described comprising a capsule discharge plate provided with a plurality of orifices, each orifice terminating in a plurality of outwardly projecting flexible fingers shaped to approach each other spaced above their outer ends and adapted to support a capsule therebetween, a capsule guide plate provided with a plurality of capsule receiving and discharging orifices, said guide plate supported to be moved into position with'its orifices registering with the orifices or the discharge plate, ram rnechanism provided with a plurality of ram elements receivable through the orifices in the guide plate and within the orifices of the discharge plate and supported to be moved into position with the ram elements entering said orificesto exert a pressure on the capsule supported by said fingers to eject said capsules, a hopper ring surmounting the guide plate, and a hopper disposed to discharge into said rins, and means for moving said fingers in an axial direction.

4. That process at depositing a capsule from within a resiliently fingered capsule retaining and depositing device within a retainer having a I resilient capsule retaining wall defining a capsule entrance of less extent than the diameter of the capsule comprising advancing the fingers of said'means into th entrance defined by .the

resilient wall or the retainer and ahead of'the' capsule extruding the capsule from between said fingers and simultaneously moving the fingers outwardly against the resilient wall of the retainer spreading said wall sufliciently to permit entrance of the capsule into the retainenand depositing the capsule thereinto and withdrawing the fingers therefrom.

ROBERT P. SCHERER.

US2339115A 1940-07-05 1940-07-05 Machine for and method of packaging capsules Expired - Lifetime US2339115A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2557181A (en) * 1945-05-16 1951-06-19 Stokes & Smith Co Container distorting and filling machine
US2604245A (en) * 1945-09-01 1952-07-22 Robert D Shaw Ring placing means
US2815622A (en) * 1953-04-21 1957-12-10 Manett Entpr Inc Packaging methods and apparatus
US2817461A (en) * 1953-03-11 1957-12-24 Dairymat Corp Liquid dispensing machine
US2858597A (en) * 1952-11-14 1958-11-04 Dyer Corp Methods and apparatus for manufacturing ornamental articles
US3191358A (en) * 1962-06-18 1965-06-29 Ael Food Automation Division I Automatic packaging machinery
US3338009A (en) * 1965-02-08 1967-08-29 Products Engineering Co Fruit packing machine
US3435589A (en) * 1965-09-13 1969-04-01 Frederick B Horton Apparatus for packaging small objects
US3628694A (en) * 1970-04-08 1971-12-21 Sauter Packaging Co Apparatus for packaging medicinal tablets or the like
US3863426A (en) * 1972-05-26 1975-02-04 Anvar Disc transfer devices to petri dishes
US5765342A (en) * 1993-10-13 1998-06-16 Jensen; Richard B. Pill or capsule card filling apparatus and method
US5997111A (en) * 1997-11-10 1999-12-07 Jensen; Richard B. Dispensing container for use with one or more strip packages of medication
US20070173971A1 (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-07-26 Prairiestone Pharmacy, Llc System and method of providing medication compliance packaging
US20080190076A1 (en) * 2004-04-26 2008-08-14 Hans Klingel Installation For Filling Packaging Units With Medicaments For Patients According To The Prescribed Weekly Requirements
US7779614B1 (en) * 2007-05-30 2010-08-24 Walgreen Co. Method of loading a multi-dose blister card using intermediate blister cards
US20140050299A1 (en) * 2011-04-13 2014-02-20 Robert Bosch Gmbh Device for checking pharmaceutical products, in particular hard gelatin capsules

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2557181A (en) * 1945-05-16 1951-06-19 Stokes & Smith Co Container distorting and filling machine
US2604245A (en) * 1945-09-01 1952-07-22 Robert D Shaw Ring placing means
US2858597A (en) * 1952-11-14 1958-11-04 Dyer Corp Methods and apparatus for manufacturing ornamental articles
US2817461A (en) * 1953-03-11 1957-12-24 Dairymat Corp Liquid dispensing machine
US2815622A (en) * 1953-04-21 1957-12-10 Manett Entpr Inc Packaging methods and apparatus
US3191358A (en) * 1962-06-18 1965-06-29 Ael Food Automation Division I Automatic packaging machinery
US3338009A (en) * 1965-02-08 1967-08-29 Products Engineering Co Fruit packing machine
US3435589A (en) * 1965-09-13 1969-04-01 Frederick B Horton Apparatus for packaging small objects
US3628694A (en) * 1970-04-08 1971-12-21 Sauter Packaging Co Apparatus for packaging medicinal tablets or the like
US3863426A (en) * 1972-05-26 1975-02-04 Anvar Disc transfer devices to petri dishes
US5765342A (en) * 1993-10-13 1998-06-16 Jensen; Richard B. Pill or capsule card filling apparatus and method
US5997111A (en) * 1997-11-10 1999-12-07 Jensen; Richard B. Dispensing container for use with one or more strip packages of medication
US7637079B2 (en) * 2004-04-26 2009-12-29 Edwin Kohl Installation for filling packaging units with medicaments for patients according to the prescribed weekly requirements
US20080190076A1 (en) * 2004-04-26 2008-08-14 Hans Klingel Installation For Filling Packaging Units With Medicaments For Patients According To The Prescribed Weekly Requirements
US20070173971A1 (en) * 2006-01-26 2007-07-26 Prairiestone Pharmacy, Llc System and method of providing medication compliance packaging
US7779614B1 (en) * 2007-05-30 2010-08-24 Walgreen Co. Method of loading a multi-dose blister card using intermediate blister cards
US7818950B1 (en) 2007-05-30 2010-10-26 Walgreen Co. Method of loading a multi-dose blister card using a transfer fixture
US7946101B1 (en) 2007-05-30 2011-05-24 Walgreen Co. Method and system for verification of contents of a multi-cell, multi-product blister pack
US7971414B1 (en) 2007-05-30 2011-07-05 Walgreen Co. Multi-dose filling machine
US8915051B1 (en) * 2007-05-30 2014-12-23 Walgreen Co. Method of loading a multi-dose blister card using a transfer fixture
US8943780B1 (en) 2007-05-30 2015-02-03 Walgreen Co. Method and system for verification of product transfer from an intermediate loading cartridge to a multi-container blister pack
US20140050299A1 (en) * 2011-04-13 2014-02-20 Robert Bosch Gmbh Device for checking pharmaceutical products, in particular hard gelatin capsules
JP2014514077A (en) * 2011-04-13 2014-06-19 ローベルト ボッシュ ゲゼルシャフト ミット ベシュレンクテル ハフツング Apparatus for pharmaceutical products, in particular checking the hard gelatin capsules
US9042515B2 (en) * 2011-04-13 2015-05-26 Robert Bosch Gmbh Device for checking pharmaceutical products, in particular hard gelatin capsules

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