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US2337368A - Wrench - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2337368A
US2337368A US41153341A US2337368A US 2337368 A US2337368 A US 2337368A US 41153341 A US41153341 A US 41153341A US 2337368 A US2337368 A US 2337368A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
wrench
insert
opening
member
invention
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Francis M Bohler
Original Assignee
Harlow V Greenwood
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B13/00Spanners; Wrenches
    • B25B13/10Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws
    • B25B13/107Spanners; Wrenches with adjustable jaws composed of a main body with exchangeable inserts

Description

WRENCH Filed Sept. 19', 1941 INVENTOR. FRn/vc/s M. BOHLE'R F. M. BOHLER 2,337,368

Patented Dec. 21, 1943 WRENCH Francis M. Bohler, Vallejo,

Calif., assignor of onehalf to Harlow V. Greenwood, Vallejo, Calif. Application September 19, 1941, Serial No. 411,533

3 Claims.

The invention relates to wrenches of the type commonly denoted as box wrenches and socket wrenches and more specifically to such wrenches used in combination with insert members for reducing the size of the wrench opening to accommodate various sizes of smaller polygonal shaped nuts, bolt heads or the like.

An object of the invention is to provide in combination with a wrench of the character described, a plurality of insert members which may be quickly and easily mounted in. place in the wrench opening so as to accommodate a single wrench to a plurality of different sized nuts or bolt heads or the like.

Another object of the invention is to provide a combination of wrench and insert members of the character above in which the insert members will be held in place and not subject to falling out of the wrench during movement of the latter to and from the work.

A further object of the invention is to provide in a combination of the above character, a snap fastening means for detachably holding the inserts in the wrench opening and which means is substantially concealed and entirely removed from interfering contact with the work during the normal use of the wrench.

The invention possesses other objects and features of advantage, some of which, with the foregoing, will be set forth in the following description of the preferred form of the invention which is illustrated in the drawing accompanying and forming part of the specification. It is to be understood, however, that variations in the showing made by the said drawing and description may be adopted within the scope of the invention as set forth in the claims.

Referring to said drawing: Figure 1 is a plan view of a wrench and insert member constructed in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the combination illustrated in Figure l and is taken substantially on the plane of line 2-2 of Figure l. Figure 3 is a perspective view of the insert member.

Figure 4 is a plan view of a modified form of the invention showing the adaptation of the invention to a socket type wrench.

Figure 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of the combination illustrated in Figure 4 and is taken substantially on the plane of line 5-5 of Figure 4. g

Figure 6 is a perspective view of the insert member used in the combination illustrated in Figure 4 and 5. I Figure 7 is a plan view of a further modified form of the invention.

Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view of the form" of the invention illustrated in Figure 7 and is taken substantially on the plane of line 3-8 of Figure '7.

The present invention consists briefly in the combination of a wrench body having a polygj, onal shaped opening therein of the conven-' tional box or socket type and a plurality of insert polygonal exterior pee members each having a riphery slidable axially into place in said wrench opening and having a polygonal internal periphery for engaging nuts or bolt heads of a smaller size than said wrench opening whereby a single wrench with a plurality of insert members may be used for engaging a plurality of different size nuts or bolt heads, etc., and wherein the insert members are detachably secured in place in the wrench opening whereby the members may be quickly and readily added to or removed from,

the wrench.

In the form of the invention illustrated in Fig-Q ures 1 to 3, I have disclosed a box type wrench having an enlarged wrench head l2 formed witha polygonal wrench opening I3 therein. The pe-' ripheral form of the wrench opening l3is here of the standard 12-point type, especially adapted for engagement with a hexagonal nut or bolt or the like. Adapted for mounting within the wrench opening 13 is an insert member M of sleeve form having a riphery l6 adapted as here shown,

head 12 of the wrench as in aconventional box type wrench. The insert member M is provided with an internal axial opening ll having a 12,- point polygonal form adapted to engage a hexagonal nut or bolt head l8 or the like of smaller dimension than the internal opening l3 in the wrenchhead. Thus with the use of the insert 14,

the wrench may be used with two different sizes of nuts or bolt heads, one being thesize of the inserts vary to engage the usual range of nuts or 1 bolt heads.

12-point polygonal outer pe'-. 1 to fit within the opening I 3 and to slide axially through the opening which" extends completely through the Preferably and ing opening 3i ofia 12 As an important feature of the present invention, means is provided for detachably holding the insert member in the wrench opening so as to prevent loss of the former from the wrench upon movement to and from the work. As will be best seen in Figures 2' and 3, I provide at one of the end faces IQ of the insert member a spring clip 2| which is preferably formed with a base portion 22 fixed within a slot or recess 23 in the end face I9, and isxformediwith; a right a-rlgularly extending portion 24'' which extends in spaced substantially parallel relation to the outer peripheral side of the insert member. will be seen in Figures 1 and 2, is formed with an axially extending slot or recess 26 in the outer The wrench head I 2, as"

periphery thereof which is adapted to slidably receive the clip portion 24, and is preferably formed with an indentation 21- inthe-base thereof for resilient holding of a pressed-out portion 28 in the free end of the clip whereby the latter springs into place with snap. action upon. move.- ment of the insert axially into the wrench opening to, proper position. Preferably the axial dimension of the insert member is. substantially equal. to that. of the. wrench head l2, whereby withthe insert in place, the. end walls of the latter will-liesubstantiallyv flush with the end walls of the head, as seen in Figure 2.

.mmodifledformeof. the invention has been illust'rat'edi in. Figures 4 to 6 wherein the insertv member is. particularly adapted for use with a. socket: wrench 29., As. will beseen from Figure 5; ,tliecsocketlwrench, is formedjwith a nut receiv- -point polygonal form. defined. by aplurality of axially extending teeth. 32 projecting into the wrench opening in circumferentially .spacedrelation to each other. Prefer ablythese teethextend to the open end33 of the wrench butnot to the. base. 34 of the wrench opening, whereby the. inner ends 36 of the teeth areexposed inthe wrench member l.4",as. willlbe. seen from. Figure 6, is formedrsubstantially the same as in the first embodiment with inner and outerpolygonal'peripheral surfaces adapted for engagement with the inner, wall of the wrench likeas above explained.

is insertible-into the wrench opening by axial sli'dingas in the. first embodiment, and is detachably held therein by means of a pair of spring clips 31' here mounted on diametrically opposed sides of the insert at the inner end 38 thereof and circumferentially located at the base of the. undulations in. the. periphery defining the 12-point confirmation as. aforesaid, thus lying in opening. The. insert.

and with a nutor the. The insert member |4"' axial: alignment with theteeth 32-01 the-wrench body, As willlbe seen ofthe teeth engaged withsnap action. as the clipsslide past the inner ends 36 of the teethto thereby detachably lock theinsert memberinplace. A further modified form of the invention is illustrated inFigures 7 and 8 of the invention wherein a plurality of relatively thin walled insert members [4 are constructed of varying size from Figures. 5'. and 6,1 the. clips 31'. extend. outwardly somewhat from the. body of the insert so thatthe same will be sprung upon insertion into. the wrench body by the crown. thereby and willbereleased to" nest one within the other with the largest of such members sliding into place in the wrench opening l3, as in the previous embodiments. In this form of the invention the smallest reduction in size of the wrench is efiected by inserting the largest insert member ther reductions in size may be effected byin- Me and thereafter fur-' thelike adjacent the outer end serting subsequent smaller members [4b and I40. Preferably, these insert members are made with a wall thickness of 1 -6 inch whereby a 4; inch reduction in wrench size is effected with the addition of each nesting insert member. Due to the relative thinness of the wall of these sections, it is preferable to avoid the use of clip members of the type disclosed in connection with the first two embodiments of the invention. Rather I prefer to provide each of the sections with a transverse opening 39 approximately centrally thereof which when in position in the wrench opening, will be aligned with the opening in the other insert members, and to hold the sections in place by sliding a detent 4| into and through these section openings 39. As will be seen in Figure- 8, the detent 4| is of elongated form slidably carried in an opening 42 in the wrench handle 43 and extending through the wrench head to the wrench opening I3", the outer portionof the opening 42 being exposed at the side ofthe handle for engagament with a knob 44 or of the detent. Preferably a resilient catchis used for holding the detent in a plurality of adjusted positions corresponding to its engagement with one or more of the sections I 3 A's here shown, this means consists of a spring pressedball 46 mounted in the wrench head and resiliently urged into engagement with a series of rack teeth 47 provided on the adjacent side ofthe detent.

I claim:

1. In combination with a wrench head having a polygonal sided nut engaging enclosure, an insert member having a polygonal outer peripheral wall anda polygonal internal, peripheral wall, said outer wall having a dimension slidable axially into fitted relation in said enclosure, said wrench head having an axially extending slot in the outer periphery thereof, and. a spring clip carried by said member and slidablyengaging in said slot for detachably holding said member in position in said enclosure.

2. In combination with a wrench head having a polygonal sided nut engaging enclosure, an in.-

sert. member having a polygonal outer peripheralwall and a polygonal internal peripheral Wall, said outer wall having a dimension slidable axially into fitted relation in said enclosure, said outerwrench head having an axially extending slotin the outer periphery thereof formed with an indentation, a spring clip carried-by said member and slidable through said slot and resiliently engageable in said indentation to detach ably secure said member in said enclosure.

3. In combination with a wrench head having a polygonal side nut engaging bore'and an outer peripheral wall; an insert polygonal outer peripheral wall and a polygonal internal peripheral wall, said outer wall of said member having a dimension arrangingsame for sliding axially into fitted relation in said bore, and cooperating means on said member and on said outer periphery of'said head for holding the member in the head against axial displacement and including a spring clip carried by said member arranged for positioning on said exterior periphery of said head when the member is operatively positioned within the head, the said outer peripheral wall of. thewrench being recessed for the reception of the clip to permit the clip to be operatively positioned therein without protruding substantially from said periphery.

FRANCIS M. BOHLER;

member having a

US2337368A 1941-09-19 1941-09-19 Wrench Expired - Lifetime US2337368A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2502587A (en) * 1946-07-20 1950-04-04 Celia L Phipps Interlocking nut engaging inserts for socket wrenches and box end wrenches
US2508832A (en) * 1948-08-28 1950-05-23 Borg Warner Coupling device
US2522038A (en) * 1947-09-26 1950-09-12 David B Houghton Wrench
US2651230A (en) * 1951-12-28 1953-09-08 Waterval William Socket reducing means for box-type wrenches
DE929840C (en) * 1952-04-01 1955-07-04 Eric Curt Noeller Wrenches with interchangeable Schluesseleinsaetzen
US2801561A (en) * 1954-04-16 1957-08-06 Vern G Bonner Wrench with segmental work engaging portions
US3029673A (en) * 1960-02-18 1962-04-17 Godsey H Mitchell Wrench size-reducing and nut sizeenlarging adapters
US3433108A (en) * 1967-05-23 1969-03-18 Elmer J Ondeck Socket wrench
US4027558A (en) * 1975-06-18 1977-06-07 Fish Herbert L Ratchet-type torque wrenches with extended torque range
US4276791A (en) * 1979-06-01 1981-07-07 Thompson John W Distributor ratchet wrench
US4528875A (en) * 1982-02-22 1985-07-16 Hurst Andrew C S Adjustable socket
FR2605918A1 (en) * 1986-11-04 1988-05-06 Iwandza Jean Marie Adaptable sockets with a hexagonal external shape
EP0458771A1 (en) * 1990-05-25 1991-11-27 Sandvik Aktiebolag Socket tools
US5074174A (en) * 1989-09-02 1991-12-24 Dae Sam Co., Ltd. Socket wrench
EP0565919A1 (en) * 1992-04-17 1993-10-20 Wagner, Paul-Heinz Socket for a power driven screwdriver
WO2001053043A1 (en) * 2000-01-17 2001-07-26 Brien Noel John O A socket wrench
US20060150778A1 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-13 Gas Technology Institute Universal cap tool/tool holder
US7708509B1 (en) * 2009-05-08 2010-05-04 Bennett Bruce A Locking retainer for threaded fasteners
US20100275738A1 (en) * 2009-05-01 2010-11-04 Taylor Jr James W Socket Insert Adapter
US20120210825A1 (en) * 2009-07-08 2012-08-23 Rikenseiko Co., Ltd. Manufacturing Process of a Wheel Nut Wrench
WO2015197276A1 (en) * 2014-06-27 2015-12-30 Kipp Verpachtungen E.K. Protective attachment for a box wrench tool and associated box wrench tool assembly

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2502587A (en) * 1946-07-20 1950-04-04 Celia L Phipps Interlocking nut engaging inserts for socket wrenches and box end wrenches
US2522038A (en) * 1947-09-26 1950-09-12 David B Houghton Wrench
US2508832A (en) * 1948-08-28 1950-05-23 Borg Warner Coupling device
US2651230A (en) * 1951-12-28 1953-09-08 Waterval William Socket reducing means for box-type wrenches
DE929840C (en) * 1952-04-01 1955-07-04 Eric Curt Noeller Wrenches with interchangeable Schluesseleinsaetzen
US2801561A (en) * 1954-04-16 1957-08-06 Vern G Bonner Wrench with segmental work engaging portions
US3029673A (en) * 1960-02-18 1962-04-17 Godsey H Mitchell Wrench size-reducing and nut sizeenlarging adapters
US3433108A (en) * 1967-05-23 1969-03-18 Elmer J Ondeck Socket wrench
US4027558A (en) * 1975-06-18 1977-06-07 Fish Herbert L Ratchet-type torque wrenches with extended torque range
US4276791A (en) * 1979-06-01 1981-07-07 Thompson John W Distributor ratchet wrench
US4528875A (en) * 1982-02-22 1985-07-16 Hurst Andrew C S Adjustable socket
FR2605918A1 (en) * 1986-11-04 1988-05-06 Iwandza Jean Marie Adaptable sockets with a hexagonal external shape
US5074174A (en) * 1989-09-02 1991-12-24 Dae Sam Co., Ltd. Socket wrench
EP0458771A1 (en) * 1990-05-25 1991-11-27 Sandvik Aktiebolag Socket tools
EP0565919A1 (en) * 1992-04-17 1993-10-20 Wagner, Paul-Heinz Socket for a power driven screwdriver
WO2001053043A1 (en) * 2000-01-17 2001-07-26 Brien Noel John O A socket wrench
US20060150778A1 (en) * 2005-01-12 2006-07-13 Gas Technology Institute Universal cap tool/tool holder
US7243579B2 (en) * 2005-01-12 2007-07-17 Gas Technology Institute Universal cap tool/tool holder
US20100275738A1 (en) * 2009-05-01 2010-11-04 Taylor Jr James W Socket Insert Adapter
EP2246155A3 (en) * 2009-05-01 2012-12-12 James Taylor Socket insert adaptor
US7708509B1 (en) * 2009-05-08 2010-05-04 Bennett Bruce A Locking retainer for threaded fasteners
US20120210825A1 (en) * 2009-07-08 2012-08-23 Rikenseiko Co., Ltd. Manufacturing Process of a Wheel Nut Wrench
WO2015197276A1 (en) * 2014-06-27 2015-12-30 Kipp Verpachtungen E.K. Protective attachment for a box wrench tool and associated box wrench tool assembly

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