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US2335493A - Building covering material - Google Patents

Building covering material Download PDF

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Publication number
US2335493A
US2335493A US38598441A US2335493A US 2335493 A US2335493 A US 2335493A US 38598441 A US38598441 A US 38598441A US 2335493 A US2335493 A US 2335493A
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Prior art keywords
impressions
panel
building
simulating
relation
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Drinkall Mark
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MASTIC ASPHALT Corp
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MASTIC ASPHALT CORP
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D1/26Strip-shaped roofing elements appearing as a row of shingles
    • E04D1/265Strip-shaped roofing elements appearing as a row of shingles the roofing elements being rigid, e.g. made of metal, wood or concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D1/00Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements
    • E04D2001/005Roof covering by making use of tiles, slates, shingles, or other small roofing elements the roofing elements having a granulated surface

Description

NQV. 30, 1943. M, DRlNKALL 2,335,493

BUILDING COVERING MATERIAL Filed March 31, 1941 /4 INVENTOR. Y M4096 Dew/(44L E 3 w J? WafW Patented Nov. 30, 1943 BUILDING COVERING MATERIAL Mark Drinkall, Portage Township, St. Joseph County, Ind., assignor to Mastic Asphalt Cor poration, South Bend, Ind., a corporation of Indiana AppllcationMarch 31, 1941, Serial No. 385,984

14 Claims.

This invention relates to a building covering unit. More particularly, the invention "relates to a building covering of the type comprising a rectangular base of composition or insulation board, such as Celotex or Insulite, having one face coated with a layer of waterproofing material, such as asphalt, upon which is applied a layer of surfacing material, such as comminuted mineral granules or grit. The coated surface of the material is impressed or imprinted to simulate a plurality of building elements in predetermined relation thereon. The units are commonly provided with ship-lap joints at their margins and are applied to a building in co-planar relation. The preferred use of the unit is for siding.

The primary object of this invention is to provide a building covering unit adapted to be applied in planar relation and to simulate thick butt or tapered shingles laid in overlapping relation.

A further object is to provide a building covering unit adapted to be applied in a common plane with like units and having a novel arrangement for concealing the joints between abutting panels.

A further object is to provide a building covering unit adapted to be applied in coplanar relation to like units and having a plurality of shingle simulating faces separated by vertical shadow simulating depressions which are of tapering form with the major Width thereof at the lower end, whereby a simulation of tapering thick butt overlapping shingles with increasing depth of grooves therebetween is obtained.

A further object is to provide a building covering unit adapted to be applied in coplanar relation to like units wherein a simulation of shingles having wavy butt edges is obtained by means of sinuous horizontally extending shadow simulating lines.

A further object is to provide a building covering unit adapted to abut like units and simulating over-lapping shingles having wavy butt edges outlined by sinuous shadow simulating lines, wherein the straight joint line between abutting panels extends through said shadow simulating lines to be concealed thereby.

- Other objects will be apparent from the description, drawing, and appended claims,

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary elevational view of my improved units in operative applied relation.

Fig. 2 is a face view of one of the units.

Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary detail elevational view illustrating the manner in which horizontal joints between units are concealed.

Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 2.

Referring to the drawing, which illustrates one embodiment of the invention, the numeral l0 designates one of the siding units formed on a base of rigid composition board I I, such as Celotex or Insulite. Panel II is of rectangular form and is provided at one horizontal and one vertical edge withinset ship-lap flanges l2, and is undercut at H! at the two opposite edges to provide complementary ship-lap flanges extending flush with the upper face of the panel II. It will be understood that the units I0 are adapted to be laid in abutting coplanar relation with ship-lap flanges I2 and I3 of abutting panels interfitting to provide a weather tight joint. A suitable water proofing and decorative coating I4 is applied to one face of the panel II. This water proofed coating [4 may be of any desired character but preferably comprises a coat of thermoplastic material such as asphalt, to which is applied a surfacing layer of comminuted mineral granules or grit of the character well known in the art. The grit is pressed into the thermoplastic water proofing material to adhere thereto, and to conceal said thermoplastic material.

The coating I4 of the unit H] has a plurality of impressions formed therein to define areas l5 simulating the faces of structural elements. In this instance, the faces l5 are intended to simulate the faces of tapered or thick butt shingles laid in overlapping relation. As best illustrated in Fig. 2, the impressions which outline the faces I5 comprise a horizontally extending sinuous impression l6 positioned substantially centrally of the face of said panel, a plurality of staggered vertically extending impressions I1 extending from impression Hi to the top and bottom edges of the panel, and discontinuous impressions l8 at the upper and lower edges of the panel outlined by sinuous lines which merge with the edges of said panel at spaced points. The impressions ll are of tapered form with their greatest width at their lower ends. The major width of the impressions I! is preferably equal to the width of the impressions I6. It will be understood also that the impression IE is of substantially equal width throughout its length. Part impressions I9 are formed at the opposite ends of the panel and are adapted, when similar panels are abutted in cooperating relation, to form composite impressions corresponding to the impressions l7. It will also be noted in Fig. 4 that the side walls of the depressions l6 and I8 are tapered and incline inwardly whereby said depressions are narrower at their bases than at their mouths or at the plane of the granule coated surface of the side unit.

Part faces 20 are formed at the ends of the upper course of shingle simulating faces. These part faces 20 may have a plurality of spaced vertical shadow forming impressions 2| of narrow width and of a length extending substantially the height of the face.

When units ID are applied to a building in horizontal courses, with the units of adjacent courses in offset or staggered relation, a weathertight composite building covering is obtained. The faces IS on said siding are arranged in vertically staggered horizontally extending courses similar to the arrangement of shingle upon a wall or upon a roof. The opposite ends of the impressions iii of each panel terminate at the same level, and consequently a continuous sinuous shadow line extending uninterrupted from end to end of the building is provided when the panels are arranged in horizontal courses.

When the vertically adjoining panels are staggered, the discontinuous impressions I8 are arranged in complementary relation for the purpose of providing a composite continuous horizontal, sinuous, shadow simulating impression, as best illustrated in Fig. 3. This composite sinuous shadow line simulation is of the same width and is generally complementary to the sinuous horizontal impression I6. The straight joint line between the abutting panels extends through said sinuous line and is effectively concealed thereby.

It will be understood that the impressions l6, ll, [8 and I9 are all preferably of such character that, in addition to providing a contoured effect to the faces of the panel, they also bear a different color. In the preferred form of the material, this is achieved by completely impressing all of th granules within the thermoplastic waterproof layer to expose the color of said layer at said impressions. Inasmuch as waterproof material, such as asphalt, is usually dark or black in color, the impressions stand out prominently. Also, it will readily be seen that the crevices existing between the edges of abutting panels are completely concealed, when they occur within said impressions. The vertical joints of the constituent units H! are also concealed by the impressions H at the lower portions at the ends of the panels.

Th part faces 20 of abutting panels are arranged in complementary relation to form a composite full face, and the vertical joint line between said panels extending therethrough is effectively concealed by means of the shadow simulating depressions 2| as is well understood in the art. If desired, shadow simulating grooves or impressions similar to impressions 2| may also be applied to spaced selected or random faces fully confined within the area of a panel, or all of the faces of a unit may have texture simulating shadow creating impressions formed therein.

The appearance of the improved units as assembled is illustrated in Fig. 1. The faces I5 simulate the faces of shingles having thick butts and a sinuous or wavy butt edge, and sinuous lines l6 and I8 simulate shadows cast by the butts of such shingles. The tapering character of the vertical shadow impressions l1 between adjacent faces [5 simulates the shadow in a groove or space between adjacent shingles and of increasing depth toward the lower or butt edges of the simulated shingles.

The primary advantage of this building unit is that the appearance of shingles is obtained by material which is easy to handle and apply, and which has insulating properties much superior to any conventional type of shingle. The ease and simplicity of handling of the panels permits the siding material to be applied in much shorter time than individual shingles can be applied, and consequently a substantial saving of time is effected.

Also, an effective weatherproof joint between the constituent panels is afforded by the shiplap flanges l2 without requiring overlapping and hence reducing the quantity of material required to cover any given area to a minimum.

It will be understood that a large variety of designs may be provided in material of this character. Thus, instead of having faces which are of equal width throughout, it is possible to arrange the vertical impressions I! in random relation to give the appearance of shingle of varying widths. Also, if desired, the horizontal line l6 may be replaced by a plurality of staggered impressions to give theeflect of courses of shingles arranged out of true horizontal arrangement in alternate relation to aligned courses. The character of the wavy edge of the shingle and its relation to impressions l1 may be varied as illustrated in Fig. 3, where the wavy or sinuous effect is more pronounced than in the forms illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2.

Also, it will be understood that the coating applied to the material may constitute any water proof and decorative material, instead of the grit and asphalt type specifically referred to above.

While a shingle simulation of material of this character is preferred, it will also be understood that vertical impressions I1 and I9 may be entirely omitted from each unit. In such a modified unit the horizontal impressions l6 and I8 will impart the appearance of wavy edge wood siding. To conceal the vertical joints between abutting panels, narrow shallow impressions simulating wood graining and arranged to extend majorly horizontally but with vertically extendin curved portions adjacent the panel edge may be provided on the panels.

I claim:

1. A building covering unit adapted to be applied to a building in abutting coplanar relation to like units, comprising a rectangular panel of composition board having a waterproof decorative face provided with a plurality of shadow simulating impressions outlining areas simulating the faces of structural elements, said impressions being sinuous and extending horizontally intermediate the upper and lower edges of said panel, a plurality of said impressions at the upper and lower edges of said panel being defined by sinuous lines each merging with an edge of said panel at spaced points, said last named impressions being adapted to be arranged in staggered relation to complementary impressions of an abutting panel to provide a sinuous shadow impression complementary to said first-named impression.

2. A building covering unit adapted to be applied to a building in abutting coplanar relation to like units, comprising a rectangular panel having a decorative waterproof face provided with a plurality of aligned impressions at opposite edges, the impressions at each edge being defined by a sinuous margin line merging with the panel edge at spaced points, said impressions being adapted to be arranged in complementary relation to the impressions of an abutting panel to provide a continuous sinuous impression in which the joint crevice between adjacent panels is concealed.

3. A building covering unit adapted to be applied to a building in abutting coplanar relation to like units, comprising a rectangular panel, a layer of dark colored waterproofing material covering one face of said panel, and a layer of granular material of a lighter color covering said waterproofing material, said coated panel face having a plurality of aligned impressions at opposite edges exposing said waterproofing material, the impressions at each edge being defined by a sinuous margin line merging with the panel edge at spaced points, said impression being adapted to be arranged in alternate relation to like impressions of an abutting panel to provide a continuous sinuous impression concealing the joint crevice between said abutting panels.

4. A building covering unit adapted to be applied to a building in abutting coplanar relation to like units, comprising a rectangular panel having a decorative exterior face provided with a plurality of shadow-simulating impressions outlining areas simulating the faces of tapered overlapped shingles, some of said impressions extending longitudinally of and at the edges and intermediate portions of said panel, said edge longitudinal impressions being defined by sinuous margins merging with the panel edges at spaced points and adapted to be arranged in alternate relation to like impressions of abutting panels, the remaining impressions extending transversely of said panel and between adjacent longitudinal impressions.

5. A building covering unit as defined in claim 4, wherein said transverse impressions are of tapered form with their greatest width at their lower ends to simulate spaces of progressively increasing depth between adjacent shingles.

6. A building covering unit adapted to be ap plied to a building in abutting coplanar relation to like units, comprising a rectangular panel having a decorative exterior face provided with a plurality of shadow simulating impressions outlining areas simulating the faces of tapered overlapping shingles, some of said impressions extending longitudinally of said panel to simulate the shadow cast by the butt edges of shingles, at least one of said longitudinal impressions extending along one longitudinal margin of said panel to conceal the joint crevice between abutting panels, the remaining impressions extending vertically between adjacent longitudinal impressions and being of tapered form with the greatest width at their lower edges to simulate progrestherein arranged to blend with and camouflage the vertical joint crevices intersecting the faces defined by said abutting part faces.

8. A building covering unit adapted to be applied to a building in abutting coplanar rela-- tion to like units, comprising a rectangular panel having a decorative exterior face provided with a plurality of shadow simulating impressions outlining areas simulating the faces of tapered.

overlapping shingles, said impressions including a plurality of vertical impressions of progressively increasing width from top to bottom to simulate a space of progressively increasing depth between adjacent shingles, and at least one horizontal impression extending along a margin of the panel to simulate the shadow of the butt edge of a shingle.

9. A building siding panel presenting shinglesimulating portions spaced from each other, an edge of the exposed surface of said panel at a portion only of said edge having a strip for registration with a plain end of a shingle-simulating portion of a panel assembled with said firstreferred-to panel.

10. A building siding panel presenting shin-- gle-simulating portions spaced from each other, an edge of the exposed surface of said panel having spaced apart stripes for registration with plain ends of spaced apart shingle-simulating portions of a panel assembled with said first-referred-to panel.

11. A building siding panel presenting shinglesimulating portions spaced from each other, an edge of the exposed surface of said panel having spaced apart stripes for registration with ends of an edge of the exposed surface of said panel having discontinuous impressions for register with the ends of shingle-simulating portions between similar discontinuous impressions of a panel assembled with said first-referred-to panel.

13. A building siding panel presenting shingle-simulating portions spaced from each other, an edge of the exposed surface of said panel having discontinuous impressions for registration with ends of shingle-simulating portions between like discontinuous edge impressions of end to end disposed panels assembled with said first-referred-to panel in staggered relation thereto.

14. 'Building siding comprising, in combination, an assembly of panels having shingle-simulating portions spaced from each other, an edge of the exposed surface of one of said panels at the joint between said panels, at a portion only of said edge, having an impression which registers with an end of one of the shingle-simulating portions of the other of said panels between similar edge impressions of the other panel.

MARK DRINKALL.

US2335493A 1941-03-31 1941-03-31 Building covering material Expired - Lifetime US2335493A (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS527655B1 (en) * 1971-03-04 1977-03-03
US5375387A (en) * 1992-01-07 1994-12-27 Davenport; Ralph G. Roofing shingle providing simulated slate roof covering
US5426902A (en) * 1987-10-20 1995-06-27 Certainteed Corporation Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
USD369421S (en) 1995-03-17 1996-04-30 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Random cut laminated shingle
US5611186A (en) 1994-02-01 1997-03-18 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Laminated roofing shingle
US5666776A (en) 1991-09-18 1997-09-16 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Laminated roofing shingle
US6195951B1 (en) 1988-03-28 2001-03-06 Certainteed Corporation Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US6305138B1 (en) 1987-10-20 2001-10-23 Certainteed Corp. Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US9212487B2 (en) 2005-09-28 2015-12-15 Elk Premium Building Products, Inc. Enhanced single layer roofing material
US9290942B2 (en) 2013-01-04 2016-03-22 Certainteed Corporation Roofing shingle with enhanced shadowline appearance
US9399870B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-07-26 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
US9399871B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-07-26 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD763468S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-09 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9410323B1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-08-09 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
US9416539B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-08-16 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD764076S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-08-16 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765273S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-30 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765274S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-30 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765888S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765886S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765887S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765885S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD766467S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-09-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD766469S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD769472S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-10-18 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD774215S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-12-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD776303S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2017-01-10 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS527655B1 (en) * 1971-03-04 1977-03-03
US6523316B2 (en) 1987-10-20 2003-02-25 Certainteed Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US5426902A (en) * 1987-10-20 1995-06-27 Certainteed Corporation Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US6305138B1 (en) 1987-10-20 2001-10-23 Certainteed Corp. Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US5660014A (en) * 1987-10-20 1997-08-26 Certainteed Corporation Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US5901517A (en) * 1987-10-20 1999-05-11 Certainteed Corporation Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US6195951B1 (en) 1988-03-28 2001-03-06 Certainteed Corporation Composite shingle having shading zones in different planes
US5666776A (en) 1991-09-18 1997-09-16 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Laminated roofing shingle
US5375387A (en) * 1992-01-07 1994-12-27 Davenport; Ralph G. Roofing shingle providing simulated slate roof covering
US5611186A (en) 1994-02-01 1997-03-18 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Laminated roofing shingle
USD369421S (en) 1995-03-17 1996-04-30 Elk Corporation Of Dallas Random cut laminated shingle
US9212487B2 (en) 2005-09-28 2015-12-15 Elk Premium Building Products, Inc. Enhanced single layer roofing material
US9290942B2 (en) 2013-01-04 2016-03-22 Certainteed Corporation Roofing shingle with enhanced shadowline appearance
USD774215S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-12-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9399871B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-07-26 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
US9399870B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-07-26 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD776303S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2017-01-10 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9416539B2 (en) 2014-11-21 2016-08-16 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD804687S1 (en) 2014-11-21 2017-12-05 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD766467S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-09-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD769472S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-10-18 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD764076S1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-08-16 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
US9410323B1 (en) * 2015-03-13 2016-08-09 Building Materials Investment Corporation Roofing shingle system and shingles for use therein
USD765274S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-30 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765885S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765273S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-30 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD766469S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-13 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765888S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765886S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD765887S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-09-06 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle
USD763468S1 (en) 2015-03-26 2016-08-09 Building Materials Investment Corporation Shingle

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