US2335433A - Interchangeable building construction unit - Google Patents

Interchangeable building construction unit Download PDF

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Publication number
US2335433A
US2335433A US373526A US37352641A US2335433A US 2335433 A US2335433 A US 2335433A US 373526 A US373526 A US 373526A US 37352641 A US37352641 A US 37352641A US 2335433 A US2335433 A US 2335433A
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unit
units
strips
legs
leg
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US373526A
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Peter J Minck
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Peter J Minck
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/28Walls having cavities between, but not in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts kept in distance by means of spacers, all parts being solid
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0297Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements of which the width is less than the wall thickness

Description

Nov. 30, 1943. P. J. MlNcK 2,335,433
INTERCHANGEABLE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 'UNIT Filed Jan. 8, 1941 2 Sheets-Sheet 1- le Z /2 @T TOP/v5 ns.
, Nov. 30, 1943.
P. J. MlNcK INTERCHANGEABLE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION vUNIT 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 8, 1941 Patented Nov. 30, 15943` UNITED STATE S PATENT GFFICE INTERCHANGEABLE BUILDING CONSTRUC- TION UNIT This invention relates to building construction and particularly to a concrete unit to be preformed and to be set up on the job to form selectively the wall and the iioor support of a building. It is a primary object of the invention to provide an exceedingly simple unit that may be readily molded and delivered to the job Without further work on the unit to have the unit erected and bolted one to another to form the building structure.
A further primary object of the invention is to incorporate in the building unit means for anchoring lath or the like on the insides of the units to support plastering or the like. A still further important object of the invention is to form the individual structural units in such manner that they may serve as conduits for Warm or cold air as may be desired for heating and air conditioning of the building.
Other objects and advantages of the invention, such as the simple means for uniting one unit with another, application of reenforcing means, and the general labor saving found in employing the units, will become more apparent to those versed in the art in the following description of one particular form of the invention as illustrated f in the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a view in inside elevation of a plurality of the structural units embodying the invention and assembled in a wall;
Fig. 2, a View in transverse section on the line 2--2 in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3, a view in side elevation of a single unit mounted on a typical foundation wall indicated in section;
Fig. 4, a detail in transverse section of a corner construction'assembly embodying the individual units;
Fig. 5, a detail in partial section through a foundation wall showing the supporting arrangement thereon of the units when used both in a Wall and for floor support; and
Fig. 6, a view in transverse section through one distance from the outer face of the wall section II to the terminal edge of each leg I3 determines the thickness of the wall formed upon assembling the units one at the side of another.
Across one end of each unit is formed an end wall I4 having its outer surface in the same plane as are the outer surfaces ofl each of the legs I2 and I3. Each unit I0 is provided with a plurality of spaced apart holes I5 through the legs I2 and I3 and within these holes are positioned resilient collars or sleeves I6 made out of any suitable material in the nature of rubber or synthetic rubber.
Then each unit I0 is further provided, particularly when it is to be used for wall construction, with tacking strips II and I8, one against each of the inner faces of the legs I2 and I3. Preferably, although not necessarily so, crossbars I9 are provided'to retain the strips II and I8 in spaced, apart relation and in contact with the inner faces of the legs I2 and I3. These strips I'I and IB and the crossbars I9 may be made out of any suitable material to receive nails or other securing `means to support metal or Wood lath thereacross. Wood may be used for these elements I'I, ISand I9.
To form a wall, one unit I9 is set up on the top side of a foundation Wall 20. Preferably the foundation wall 20 is provided with lan outer upwardly projecting aligning rib 2l against which the outer face of the wall section II may be abutted with the lower ends of the legs I2 and I3 resting on the top face of the foundation 29. The unit I0 is positioned to have the cross wall I4 at its upper end as indicated in Fig. l.
The next unit Ill is similarly positioned on the foundation 20 to have its leg I3 in abutting contact throughout its height with the leg I2 of the rst positioned unit I0. Bolts 22 are passed through the sleeves i6 in both the abutting legs I2 and I3, the bolts being passed through the strips I1 and I8 and there secured by nuts screwthreadedly engaging the bolts. The use of the sleeves IB take care of any slight misalignment that may exist between the two adjacent units I0 and that also may exist in the spacing of the holes in one leg in reference to those in another leg. Furthermore, it is to be noted that the bolts do not bear at any place in direct contact with the concrete of which the units are .formed so that danger of cracking or breaking the concrete is thus avoided. The use of the strips I'I and I8 (the strips being themselves resilient in nature) extends the pressure produced by the bolts over a considerable area reaching beyond the immediate 1 area of the bolt head.
One unit after another is thus aligned on the foundation 20 until the desired length of wall is secured. The upper ends of the assembled line of units III receives rafter plate 23 or the like, to be ysecured to the units by any suitable means, such as by bolts 2| passing through the plate 23 and down through the cross wall I4. This plate 23, of course, further aids in maintaining the alignment of the units III along the wall.
In reference to the strips I1 and I 8 and the spacing bars I9, these strips and their spacing bars may be made up in units and then inserted .into position between the respective legs I2 and 'suitable material, such as the synthetic resins that may be likewise molded. In any event, there is preferably incorporated in each unit I suitable reenforcing means, particularly through the legs I2 and I3. In the present form, a continuous reenforoing rod or bar 25 is used to extend longitudinally through each leg I2 and I3, integrally across through the wall I4, and integrally across in exposed relation between the lower ends of those legs I2 and I3. As herein indicated,this reenforcing bar 25 in each unit I0 is spaced outwardly in the legs beyond the bolt holes I5.
After the wall has been formed as above indicated, with the lower ends of the respective units I0 resting on the foundation wall 20, additional concrete 26 is preferably employed to be fl'owed into the lower end of each unit Ill to embed the initially exposed cross part of the reenforcing rod 25. As indicated in the drawings, Figs. '1-3, this concrete 26 may -be carried around downwardly on the inside of the foundation 20. Further, to provide a water-tight seal between abutting units I0, a groove '21 is molded longitudi-v nally in each vside of the unit just inside of Vthe outer face thereof.V Then when the two adjacent units are bolted together, the groove 21 in oney unit will match with the groove 21 in the adjacent unit and thereby provide a continuous4 passageway fromtop to bottom between the assembled units. This passageway may then be lled with any suitable sealing material, preferably of a plastic nature.
The unit I0, as above described, may not only be used in multiple to form a building wall but they may also be used to form a supporting structure for a floor, as indicated in Figs. 4 and 5. Fr this purpose, the foundation is provided with a suitable shoulder 28 which may be at or below the top of the foundation, herein shown as being below. The umts I0 have their ends resting on this shoulder 28 to have either the legs turned downwardly or upwardly, herein shown as having the legs turned upwardly with' the wall section Il undermost. Then after the floor area has been filled in vwith these units, one alongside the other and suitably secured together, as above indicated, by bolts 22, the floor may be built thereover such as by placing expanded metal lath across the upper sides of the legs of the units and concrete or like material Where, the space between the legs of each unit Itis to be used as a conduit for air dow, the legs are turned upwardly, as indicated in Figs. 4 and 5. and as -will be noted,1.this space in the door units It will open in part at least into like spaces in the upright umts vIl l. Of course the units III will have to be turned end for end to prevent the cross end walls I4 from interrupting the flow from the floor to the wall unit. The
'units Il, when used in the floor, maybe disposed to have the end walls I4 alternately spaced,
. one at one end and one at the other end on the respective supporting foundation walls. On the other hand, where the unit II) is'to conduct air in both longitudinal directions in the floor,
the end wall Il may be omitted in those par-v ticular umts. vWhen the'units I0 are employed in the floor construction, then it is not necessary to use the fill-in concrete 26 in the lower ends of the upright units I0, particularly if the horizontal umts are to be used as air conduits.
As indicated in Fig. 4, the use of the, units I0, constructed as above indicated, permits a very substantial corner construction'sinee the .bolts 22 `inl the two end units at the corner may be ear.
ried through a vertically positioned angle iron 29 and then a finish corner strip 33 employed to ll in between those two adjacent units Il.
`Reference is made particularly to Figs. 3, 4 and 6 wherein-insulating means is illustrated. Where it is desired to insulate the wall of the building employing the units .of the invention.. the strips Il and I3 are-reduced in width and have a wall 3| secured to ltheir rear edgesto leave a space between that wall and the inner face of the wall II of the unit.v `Suitable insulating material 32, which may be mineral wool, such as rock wool, glass wool, or any non-deteriorating material of like nature, is poured or packed in where it is made out of concrete and the like, is
prevented. It is conceivable, of course, that the insulating material 32 may be omitted and the wall 3| itself be made out of insulating material so that an air space is left for insulation in place of employing the insulating material 32;.
While the invention has been discussed in more or less minute detail, it is obvious that structural changes may ba employed without departing from the spirit of the invention, such, for example, as in the particular meansfor aligning the units on Ithe foundation and there securing them, and it is, therefore, desired thatthe invention not be liimted tovthat precise form beyond the limitations as may be' imposed by the following claims.
tion to form a wall with a pair .of equal length legs extending in the same direction one from each side edge ofthe wall, each leg having a plurality of spaced apart holes therethrough, insulating means comprising a pair of fibrous side strips and a wall of insulating material secured to and spacingV apart said strips tohave leach strip -in substantial contact with the inner 0990sing faces of said legs, said strips having holes therethrough aligned axially with said leg holes,-
and bolt-like means 'extending through said strips poured thereover and nnished toa oor level. and said leg holes, whereby a plurality of said members may be placed side by side, one'leg of one member in contact with a leg of another member and joined together resiliently.
2. A building construction member comprising a pre-formed, narrow, trough-like unit generally U-shaped in transverse section to form a wall with a pair of equal length legs-extending in the same direction one from each side edge of the wall, each leg having a plurality of spaced apart holes therethrough, and a resilient collar in each of the holes, whereby a. plurality of said members may be placed side by side to be joined one to another by bolts through said collars in adjacent legs, a, pair of resilient side strips and awall secured to and spacing apart said strips to have each strip in substantial contact with the inner opposing faces of said legs, said strips having holes therethrough aligned axially with said co1- lars, and bolt-like means extending through said strips and said collars, said strips being less in width than said faces to space said secured wall a. distance from said unit wall to leave a conduit therebetween.
3. A building construction member comprising a pre-formed, narrow, trough-like unit generally U-shaped in transverse section to fdrm a wall with a pair of equal length legs extending in the same direction one from each side edge of the wall, each leg having a plurality of spaced apart holes therethrough, and a resilient collar in each of the holes, whereby a plurality of said members may be placed side by side to be Joined one to another by bolts through said collars in adjacent legsl a pair of resilient side strips and a wall of relatively non-heat conducting material secured to and spacing apart said strips to have each strip in substantial contact with the inner opposing faces of said legs, said strips having holes therethrough aligned axially with said collars, and bolt-like means extending through said strips and said collars, said strips being` less in width than said faces to space said secured wall a distance from said unit wall to leave a conduit therebetween, and insulating material compressively secured in said conduit by pressure of said secured wall thereagainst.
4. A building construction member comprising a pre-formed,- narrow, trough-like unit generally U-shaped in transverse section to form a wall with a pair of equal length legs extending in the same direction one from each side edge of the wall, each leg having a plurality of spaced apart holes therethrough, and a resilient collar in each of the holes, whereby a plurality of said members may be placed side by side to be joined one to -another by bolts through the said collars in adjacent legs, a pair of nail penetrable and retaining side strips and a wall secured to and spacing apart said strips to have each strip in substanstantial contact with the inner opposing faces of said legs, said strips having holes therethrough aligned axially with said collars, and hole-like means extending through said strips and said collars, said secured wall being formed of insulating material, a cross-wall between said legs at the top end of said unit, and said secured wall extending upwardly to said cross-wall.
PETER. J. MINCK.
US373526A 1941-01-08 1941-01-08 Interchangeable building construction unit Expired - Lifetime US2335433A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2518981A (en) * 1948-12-06 1950-08-15 Allan Edwards Inc River weight
US2592634A (en) * 1945-08-17 1952-04-15 Wilson John Hart Concrete slab wall joint
US2596914A (en) * 1948-12-09 1952-05-13 Piacentino Nicholas Method of making concrete building units
US2620651A (en) * 1946-07-08 1952-12-09 Brauer Walter Prefabricated building structure
US2680955A (en) * 1950-11-13 1954-06-15 John B Templeton Pile driver
US2897668A (en) * 1951-12-01 1959-08-04 Graham Phillip Building construction
US3114245A (en) * 1958-04-03 1963-12-17 Intrusion Prepakt Inc Earth pile anchorage
US3638371A (en) * 1968-11-06 1972-02-01 Viadimir D Liska Precast panel building structure and method of erecting the same
US3727888A (en) * 1970-09-04 1973-04-17 Ice Crafts Inc Hockey rink board
US3848376A (en) * 1972-09-15 1974-11-19 Dura Plex Ind System for anchoring modular housing units
US4094111A (en) * 1975-03-17 1978-06-13 Creegan Patrick J Structural steel building frame having resilient connectors
US4137684A (en) * 1977-02-04 1979-02-06 Selleck Nicholls Williams (E.C.C.) Limited Building panel
US4583336A (en) * 1984-10-29 1986-04-22 The Austin Company Joint of preformed concrete elements
US5566520A (en) * 1993-12-09 1996-10-22 Branitzky; Abraham Integrated precast concrete forming system
US20070251184A1 (en) * 2006-04-17 2007-11-01 Steven Schumann Self-supporting modular wall

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2592634A (en) * 1945-08-17 1952-04-15 Wilson John Hart Concrete slab wall joint
US2620651A (en) * 1946-07-08 1952-12-09 Brauer Walter Prefabricated building structure
US2518981A (en) * 1948-12-06 1950-08-15 Allan Edwards Inc River weight
US2596914A (en) * 1948-12-09 1952-05-13 Piacentino Nicholas Method of making concrete building units
US2680955A (en) * 1950-11-13 1954-06-15 John B Templeton Pile driver
US2897668A (en) * 1951-12-01 1959-08-04 Graham Phillip Building construction
US3114245A (en) * 1958-04-03 1963-12-17 Intrusion Prepakt Inc Earth pile anchorage
US3638371A (en) * 1968-11-06 1972-02-01 Viadimir D Liska Precast panel building structure and method of erecting the same
US3727888A (en) * 1970-09-04 1973-04-17 Ice Crafts Inc Hockey rink board
US3848376A (en) * 1972-09-15 1974-11-19 Dura Plex Ind System for anchoring modular housing units
US4094111A (en) * 1975-03-17 1978-06-13 Creegan Patrick J Structural steel building frame having resilient connectors
US4137684A (en) * 1977-02-04 1979-02-06 Selleck Nicholls Williams (E.C.C.) Limited Building panel
US4583336A (en) * 1984-10-29 1986-04-22 The Austin Company Joint of preformed concrete elements
US5566520A (en) * 1993-12-09 1996-10-22 Branitzky; Abraham Integrated precast concrete forming system
US20070251184A1 (en) * 2006-04-17 2007-11-01 Steven Schumann Self-supporting modular wall

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