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US2333303A - Shoe having an impregnated fabric sole - Google Patents

Shoe having an impregnated fabric sole Download PDF

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Publication number
US2333303A
US2333303A US39378741A US2333303A US 2333303 A US2333303 A US 2333303A US 39378741 A US39378741 A US 39378741A US 2333303 A US2333303 A US 2333303A
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fabric
impregnated
surface
fibrous
portion
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Edward H Enos
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Edward H Enos
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/22Soles made slip-preventing or wear-resisting, e.g. by impregnation or spreading a wear-resisting layer

Description

Nov; 2, 1943. E. H. ENOS SHOE HAVING AN IMPREGNATED FABRIC SOLE Filed May 16, 1941 INVENTOR.

BY vi Patented Nov. 2, '1943 'UN'ITED' STATES PATENT OFFICE SHOE HAVING AN igzgEGNATED FABRIC Edward H. Enos, Wellesley Hills, Mass.

Application May 16, 1941, Serial No. 393,787

2 Claims. (CI. 36-25) This invention relates to an impregnated fabric and more particularly to an impregnated fabric of the type having a surface characterized by unspun fibers.

One object of the invention is to provide a novel and highly useful impregnated fabric of the character specified impregnated with a flexible adhesive binder, such as a, plastic or a rubber' composition, to impart thereto additional strength, density, and other desired characteristics. The impregnation is controlled so as to preserve the unspun fibrous character in one surface of the fabric and also in a portionof the body thereof adjacent such surface, thus providing a composite structure in which the desirable characteristics of the impregnated portion in combination with the desirable characteristics of an unimpregnated portion are obtained. Such a partially impregnated fabric finds particular use for a large number of commercial purposes, as will be described.

A further object of the invention is to provide a novel partially impregnated fibrous material of the character above referred to which is particularly suitable for use in the production of outer and inner soles for boots and shoes.

'With these objects in view and such others as may hereinafter appear, the invention consists in the partially impregnated fabric hereinafter described and particularly defined in the claims at the end of this specification.

In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of an impregnated fabric embodying the present invention; Fig. 2 is a similar view of a modified form of the present impregnated fabric; and Fig. 3 is a perspective view of an outer sole for a boot or shoe embodying the invention.

The original characteristics of various fabrics of the type having a surface characterized by unspun -ilbers,such as felts, nap fabricsand pile fabrics, are such as to particularly adapt such materials for various commercial purposes and for the production of various articles of manufacture, but in many instances it is desirable that the strength, body and resistance of such fabrics to penetration by liquids of such fibrous materials be enhanced while retaining the original characteristics of the unspun fibers of the fabric. The present invention aims to provide an impregnated fabric of the character specified in which the body-thereof is impregnated in such a manner as to improve thestrength, body or resistance to the penetration of liquids of one portion while preserving the original fibrous characteristics of the remaining portion thereof.

Accordingly, the fabric is impregnated with a flexible adhesive binderthrough one portion thereof, preserving the remaining portion in'its natural or original unimpregnated condition. Such a partially impregnated fabric may be used with advantage in the production of various commercial articles including the production of antislipping soles for boots and shoes, printers blankets, for acoustical purposes and insulating material, for upholstery, and in general, for many of the industrial and commercial purposes for which the original fabric itself is adapted for use. Referring now to the drawing, l0 represents a foundation member whic-hs may in practice comprise a sheet of woven or pressed felt, punched felt, or needle goods, cotton or wool wedding, woven fabrics characterized by an unspun fibrous surface, or any other fibrous foundation material characterized by a surface having unspun fibers and which is adaptable for use in the production of any commercial article. The

foundation I0 is in accordance with the present invention impregnated from one surface I! thereof and partially therethrough with a flexible adhcsive binder which may be selected from a variety of materials, depending upon the use to which the impregnated product is to be put, so as to leave the second surface I4 thereof and a portion l5 of the body portion extending inwardly from the surface H in an unimpregnated natural or original condition. The impregnating materials may comprise any flexible adhesive blnder including rubber, latex, rubber compositions, synthetic rubber, and other plastic materials including the synthetic resins, plasticized nitro-cellulose, and the like. The impregnating operation is conducted in such a manner as-to enable the degree of penetration of the impregnant from one surface I2 into the body portion for a distance exceeding that produced by conventional surface coating operations and terminating short of the opposed surface ll of the foundation to provide the foundation with an unimpregnated surface portion comprising the surface I4 and the part of the body portion adjacent thereto in 'an unimpregnated condition and possessing the natural characteristics of the original fibrous foundation member. The degree of impregnaticn'may be controlled in any desired manner, preferably by controlling the viscosity of the impregnating material, the wetting properties thereof, and the time of exposure of the material to the impregnating operation, and in practice, either a coated roll or a. doctor roll or blade, or a partial submersion operation may be utilized in the applica- 2% to 3%, and for various purposes the extent of penetration may, in accordance with the present invention, vary between the limits of and 90%, although for many purposes an impregnation of from to 75% is preferred.

When it is desired to utilize a napped or a pile fabric as the fibrous foundation member, the fabric may be treated to impr gnate it from the unnapped surface thereof in di erent degrees of penetration within the limits above set forth, and the impregnation controlled to terminate so as to leave a substantial portion of the nap or pile in its original unimpregnated condition.

After impregnation and if the character of the adhesive binder requires, the fabric may be subjected to vulcanization or curing to cause the binder to set, harden or assume final characteristics. In some instances and,for some Purposes, pressure may be employed to compact the sheet before or during vulcanization or curing whereby to form a compact, dense and wear-resisting product.

One of the commercial products which may be produced embodying a partially impregnated fabric comprises foot-wear having an anti-slipping sole and one in which the anti-slipping feature of the sole is combined with enhanced strength and moisture protection. As illustrated in Fig.3, such a sole may be produced in accordance with theinvention by partially impregnating a woven or ressed felt with a rubber or equivalent composition as above described, and when embodied in a boot or shoe, a foot-wear is produced affording firmer footing on wet, icy or otherwise slippery surfaces. This affords protection for the wearer during military or naval maneuvers and for various industrial purposessuch as the use pending upon the particular characteristicsof the various impregnants employed and the degree of penetration. By the selection of the proper impregnant, increased resistance to the penetration of diflerent liquids may b dbtained, such as increased resistance to oil, solvents and other liquids.

As used throughout the specification and claims, the word fabric" means any fibrous structure, either woven or not woven, made up with the form carrying dimensions of length,

breadth and thickness, and the terms a surface 1 characterized by unspun fibers or an unspun fibrous surface mean that the unspun fibers are any fibers not part of a yarn or thread (an illustration of which would be the fibers in what is generally known in the trade as a pressed felt, not woven felt), or any ends of fibers or partially released fibers of a yarn or thread, produced in the process of manufacture of the fabric or later produced by any means prior to the process of impregnation. For illustration, as produced by a process such as napping, brushing, buffing, shearing, cutting, etc. i

Having thus described the inv ntion, what is claimed is: Y

1. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe having a light weight,fiexible anti-slippingsole having enhanced strength and providing improved protection, against moisture, said shoe comprising: a single layer fibrous out-sol member, said out-sole member having a napped fibrouswear surface and being impregnated with a fiexible, waterproof binder to modify the characteristics and strength of said out-sole member in the impregnated portion thereof, said impregnation extending outwardly from the shoe contactof foot-wear by workers in dye houses, slaughter,

houses, tanneries, etc., and in which the original condition of the unspun fibers of the fabric impart the desired anti-slipping characteristics to I may prefer to produce an impregnated fabric embodying the invention utilizing a multi-ply structure wherein one portion or ply of the composite fibrous product may be completely impreg nated, and then vulcanized or otherwise secured to a coated and unimpregnated fabric of the character specified, to thereby produce a composite fibrous product in which one portion of the same is impregnated while preserving theother portionin its natural condition character- "i ed by unspun fibers.

The present partially impregnated fabric finds use ,for' a large number of industrial andcommercial purposes and the physical characteristics thereof may be varied within a wide range, de-

comprising: a single layer, pressed 'felt out-sole member, aid out-sole member consisting of a singlegtliickness and having a napped fibrous wear surface, said out-sole member being impregnated with vulcanizable rubber to modify the characteristics and strength of said out-sole member-in the impr nated portion thereof, said impregnation, exten ing outwardly from the shoe contacting surface of said out-sole member into the body thereof for a distance of about 25 to of the thickness of said bodyso' that the impregnation terminates short of the napped fibrous wear surface to provide the out-sole member with an unimpregnated wear surface possessingthe original characteristics inherent in the napped fibrous material'of the out-sole member.

EDWARD H. ENOS.

US2333303A 1941-05-16 1941-05-16 Shoe having an impregnated fabric sole Expired - Lifetime US2333303A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2448455A (en) * 1944-09-20 1948-08-31 Alan E Murray Laminated pile-fabric shoe sole
US2601007A (en) * 1945-03-24 1952-06-17 Spencer Method of making shoes using polymerizable plastic layers
US2733523A (en) * 1956-02-07 murray
US2845640A (en) * 1952-11-07 1958-08-05 Alan E Murray Process of producing a sole for shoes
US3099885A (en) * 1963-04-09 1963-08-06 Joseph J Jordan Anti-slip device for boots
US3138881A (en) * 1962-06-12 1964-06-30 Cambridge Rubber Co Outer sole for footwear
US4649586A (en) * 1985-11-12 1987-03-17 Chuck Wu Sole for athletic shoe and method of making the same
US5259125A (en) * 1990-06-18 1993-11-09 Gromes Manuel C Non-skid attachment for roofer's shoe
US20030233769A1 (en) * 2002-06-20 2003-12-25 Dongguan Xing Chuan Plastic Products Ltd. Plastic or rubber sole structure with variational stripes
US20040020080A1 (en) * 2002-07-31 2004-02-05 Anthony Cox Shoe bottom having interspersed materials
US6782642B2 (en) * 2000-08-02 2004-08-31 Adidas International Light running shoe
US20040194345A1 (en) * 2003-04-03 2004-10-07 Koo John C. S. Particulate-bottomed outdoor shoe
US20040194341A1 (en) * 2003-04-03 2004-10-07 Koo John C. S. Shoe having a contoured bottom with small particles bonded to the lowest extending portions thereof
US20070271713A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-11-29 John Koo Shoe Outsole Made Using Composite Sheet Material
US20080216357A1 (en) * 2007-03-06 2008-09-11 Nike, Inc. Article of Footwear with Mesh on Outsole and Insert
US20110225844A1 (en) * 2010-03-16 2011-09-22 Katherine Hughes Traction adjustment band for shoe
US20110283567A1 (en) * 2010-05-24 2011-11-24 Modit Footwear Corp. Footwear bottom and its manufacture thereof
US8414810B1 (en) 2007-03-22 2013-04-09 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Composite sheet materials and processes for manufacturing same
US9049900B1 (en) 2002-07-31 2015-06-09 Seychelles Imports, Llc Shoe having a bottom surface formed from a piece of fabric material and a separate insert piece
EP3001924A1 (en) 2014-10-01 2016-04-06 adidas AG Sole for a shoe
US9414643B2 (en) 2002-07-31 2016-08-16 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe having individual particles embedded within its bottom surface
US9930927B2 (en) 2016-06-02 2018-04-03 Under Armour, Inc. Footwear including lightweight sole structure providing enhanced comfort, flexibility and performance features

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2733523A (en) * 1956-02-07 murray
US2448455A (en) * 1944-09-20 1948-08-31 Alan E Murray Laminated pile-fabric shoe sole
US2601007A (en) * 1945-03-24 1952-06-17 Spencer Method of making shoes using polymerizable plastic layers
US2845640A (en) * 1952-11-07 1958-08-05 Alan E Murray Process of producing a sole for shoes
US3138881A (en) * 1962-06-12 1964-06-30 Cambridge Rubber Co Outer sole for footwear
US3099885A (en) * 1963-04-09 1963-08-06 Joseph J Jordan Anti-slip device for boots
US4649586A (en) * 1985-11-12 1987-03-17 Chuck Wu Sole for athletic shoe and method of making the same
US5259125A (en) * 1990-06-18 1993-11-09 Gromes Manuel C Non-skid attachment for roofer's shoe
US6782642B2 (en) * 2000-08-02 2004-08-31 Adidas International Light running shoe
US20030233769A1 (en) * 2002-06-20 2003-12-25 Dongguan Xing Chuan Plastic Products Ltd. Plastic or rubber sole structure with variational stripes
US9049900B1 (en) 2002-07-31 2015-06-09 Seychelles Imports, Llc Shoe having a bottom surface formed from a piece of fabric material and a separate insert piece
US20040020080A1 (en) * 2002-07-31 2004-02-05 Anthony Cox Shoe bottom having interspersed materials
US8984769B1 (en) 2002-07-31 2015-03-24 Seychelles Imports, Llc Shoe bottom having interspersed materials
US9414643B2 (en) 2002-07-31 2016-08-16 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe having individual particles embedded within its bottom surface
US7203985B2 (en) 2002-07-31 2007-04-17 Seychelles Imports, Llc Shoe bottom having interspersed materials
US8590176B1 (en) 2002-07-31 2013-11-26 Seychelles Imports, Llc Shoe bottom having interspersed materials
US9894955B2 (en) 2002-07-31 2018-02-20 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe having individual particles bonded to its bottom surface
US9226546B1 (en) 2002-07-31 2016-01-05 Seychelles Imports, Llc Shoe bottom having interspersed materials
US8808487B1 (en) 2003-04-03 2014-08-19 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe bottom surface made of sheet material with particles bonded to it prior to shaping
US7191549B2 (en) 2003-04-03 2007-03-20 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe having an outsole with bonded fibers
US9078492B2 (en) 2003-04-03 2015-07-14 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe having a contoured bottom with small particles bonded to the lowest extending portions thereof
US20040194341A1 (en) * 2003-04-03 2004-10-07 Koo John C. S. Shoe having a contoured bottom with small particles bonded to the lowest extending portions thereof
US20040194345A1 (en) * 2003-04-03 2004-10-07 Koo John C. S. Particulate-bottomed outdoor shoe
US8647460B1 (en) 2003-04-03 2014-02-11 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe having a bottom with bonded and then molded-in particles
US7827640B2 (en) 2006-05-26 2010-11-09 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe outsole made using composite sheet material
US20090178307A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2009-07-16 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe outsole made using composite sheet material
US8234736B2 (en) 2006-05-26 2012-08-07 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe outsole made using composite sheet material
US7516506B2 (en) 2006-05-26 2009-04-14 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe outsole made using composite sheet material
US8661593B2 (en) 2006-05-26 2014-03-04 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe outsole made using composite material
US20070271713A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-11-29 John Koo Shoe Outsole Made Using Composite Sheet Material
US20110023332A1 (en) * 2006-05-26 2011-02-03 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Shoe Outsole Made Using Composite Sheet Material
US7788827B2 (en) 2007-03-06 2010-09-07 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with mesh on outsole and insert
US8460593B2 (en) 2007-03-06 2013-06-11 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with mesh on outsole and insert
US20100281630A1 (en) * 2007-03-06 2010-11-11 Nike, Inc. Article of Footwear with Mesh on Outsole and Insert
US20080216357A1 (en) * 2007-03-06 2008-09-11 Nike, Inc. Article of Footwear with Mesh on Outsole and Insert
US8029715B2 (en) 2007-03-06 2011-10-04 Nike, Inc. Article of footwear with mesh on outsole and insert
US8608996B2 (en) 2007-03-22 2013-12-17 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Composite sheet materials and processes for manufacturing same
US8414810B1 (en) 2007-03-22 2013-04-09 Dynasty Footwear, Ltd. Composite sheet materials and processes for manufacturing same
US20110225844A1 (en) * 2010-03-16 2011-09-22 Katherine Hughes Traction adjustment band for shoe
US20110283567A1 (en) * 2010-05-24 2011-11-24 Modit Footwear Corp. Footwear bottom and its manufacture thereof
EP3001924A1 (en) 2014-10-01 2016-04-06 adidas AG Sole for a shoe
CN105476174A (en) * 2014-10-01 2016-04-13 阿迪达斯股份公司 Shoe sole
DE102014219918B4 (en) * 2014-10-01 2016-12-29 Adidas Ag Sole for a shoe
DE102014219918A1 (en) 2014-10-01 2016-04-07 Adidas Ag Sole for a shoe
US9930927B2 (en) 2016-06-02 2018-04-03 Under Armour, Inc. Footwear including lightweight sole structure providing enhanced comfort, flexibility and performance features

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