US2307215A - Building structure - Google Patents

Building structure Download PDF

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US2307215A
US2307215A US433106A US43310642A US2307215A US 2307215 A US2307215 A US 2307215A US 433106 A US433106 A US 433106A US 43310642 A US43310642 A US 43310642A US 2307215 A US2307215 A US 2307215A
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Prior art keywords
roof
column
sections
column sections
building structure
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Expired - Lifetime
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US433106A
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Russell C Graef
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Russell C Graef
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/58Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/38Arched girders or portal frames
    • E04C3/40Arched girders or portal frames of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2451Connections between closed section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2457Beam to beam connections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2463Connections to foundations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2481Details of wall panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2487Portico type structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2496Shear bracing therefor

Description

Jan. 5, 1943. R. c. GRAEF BUILDING STRUCTURE Filed March s, 1942 S'Sheets-Sheet 1 BY ZZZ/W2; 66mg,

Jan. 5, 1943. R. c. GRAEF BUILDING STRUCTURE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 3, 1942 BY Install 6':

Jan. 5, 1943. I r c, GRAEF 2,307,215

BUILDING STRUCTURE Filed March 3, 1942 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR.

iz/Jis'eZZ 6': 12%, Kay 4 4? ATTORNEY.

Patented Jan. 5, 1943 I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,307,215 BUILMNG STRUCTURE Russell 0. Graef, Westfield, N. J. Application March 3, 1942, Serial No. 433,106

7 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in building structures; and, more particularly, to an improved building structure comprising a metallic skeleton or framework to support externally applied sheathing and adapted to provide a continuous'wall and roof construction; the resulting building structure being especially suitable for the erection of aeroplane and balloon hangars, garages,v warehouse and pier sheds and similar buildings.

An object of this invention is to provide a relatively cheap, rapidly erectable, and yet strong and durable combined side wall and roof structure, including a novel skeleton framework by which suitable external sheathing can be supported in such. manner as to provide a building structure wherein the roof and side walls are substantially continuous.

This invention has for another object to provide a novel combined wall and roof skeleton frame comprising rising columns, secured to and upstanding from a suitable supporting base or foundation sill, said columns being formed by interconnected column sections including perpendicular side wall column sections and angularly offset roof column sections secured end to end, and so arranged that the roof column sections converge at the peak or ridge of the roof portion of the structure; said columns having transverse bracket elements clamped thereto and formed to provide outwardly projecting carrying extensions or arms to carry the uprights of sheathing supporting frameworks, said latter frameworks including horizontal stretcher members secured to and between said uprights.

Another object of this invention is to provide a novel combined wall and roof skeleton frame of the kind above mentioned, wherein the elements making up the same comprise a minimum of standardized parts which may be quickly and easily assembled by simple operations requiring no skilled labor, and without requiring use of complicated tool equipment; in fact necessitating merely the use of simple wrench tools.

Other objects of this invention, not at this time more particularly enumerated, will be understood from the following detailed description of the same.

A11 illustrative embodiment of the novel building structure according to this invention is shown in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a transverse vertical section through a building structure including the novel com bined wall and roof skeleton frame according to this invention; Fig. 2 is a fragmentary side elevational view of the same, but drawn on an enlarged scale; Fig. 3' is a horizontal sectional view, taken on line 3-3 in Fig. 2; and Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of a portion of said form of the novel combined wall and roof skeleton frame.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary transverse vertical section of a modified skeleton frame.

Similar characters of reference are employed in the above-described views to indicate corresponding parts.

In. the drawings; the reference character IQ indicates as-uitable'foundation upon which the building structure according to this invention may be erected. Suitably affixed upon said foundation, to extend longitudinally along the tops of opposite sidev portions thereof, are still members H. In an illustrative form thereof, each sill member comprises an inverted channel-iron having footing flanges I2 outwardly projecting from its sides. Said sill members may be secured to the foundation portions by bolts I3 adapted to pass through the footing flanges l2 thereof, for anchorage in the foundation.

The novel combined wall and roof skeleton frame, according to this invention comprises a series of spaced columns arranged to rise from the sill members- II.. Said columns each comprise perpendicular side wall column sections Hi and one or more angularly offset roof column sections l5; said. column. sections being coupled together endv to end,- and so that the roof column sections extending from transversely opposite side wall column sections are adapted to converge so as to form the peak or ridge of the roof supporting portions of the skeleton frame. Said column sections are preferably made of metal pipe of suitable size.

The side wall column sections it of each column is provided at its bottom end with a flanged footing socket i6 into which said bottom end is threaded or otherwise afiixed. Said side wall column sections are erected to rise perpendicularly from a sill member H, being affixed to the latter by bolts l'! which pass through the flanges of their footing sockets l6 and through said sill member I I.

As shown in Fig. 1, a plurality of roof column sections l5 extend thev upper end of each side wall column section; said roof column sections I5 being successively angularly offset, whereby such roof column sec tions I5, which extend from transversely opposite side wall column sections I 4, converge so as to meet at their upper ends on a lon itudinal upwardly end to end from line determining the peak or ridge of the building structure. This arrangement, comprising a plurality of successively angularly offset roof column sections 15, is a desirable arrangement for building structures of relatively large size and high roof design, such, e. g., as would be necessary to provide a hangar structure for balloons, aeroplanes and the like.

As shown in Fig. 5, however, the roof column portion of each column may comprise a single roof column section 15, angularly extending from each side wall column section at a selected angle according to the pitch of roof desired to be obtained. This arrangement is better adapted perhaps for small and comparatively low roofed building structures, such, e. g., as garages, sheds, and the like.

The column sections making up each column are joined end to end by suitable coupling con-- nections. Such coupling connections are preferably provided in the form of flanged coupling sockets [8 of suitable angularity. One such coupling socket I8 is threaded onto or otherwise affixed to the respective opposed ends of adjoining column sections, so that their flanges may be brought into meeting relation, and then secured together by bolts I9 or like fastening means.

To define the peak or ridge of the building structure roof, it is preferable to provide a longitudinally extending ridge plate 20 against which the flanges of the coupling sockets [8 of the uppermost converging roof column sections l of opposite columns may abut, and to which said coupling socket flanges may be mutually secured by bolts l9 or like fastening means.

Mounted on the several column sections of each column, in suitably spaced apart relation, are a plurality of transverse bracket elements. Each bracket element comprises a pair of opposed members, each such member including a semicircular clamp section 2| having a rearwardly projecting perforate ear 22 at one end, and a forwardly or outwardly projecting perforate carrying arm 23 at the other end. Cooperative members of such bracket elements are arranged to straddle the column sections so as to embrace the latter by their clamp sections 2|, being thereupon clamped thereto by fastening bolts 24 disposed respectively through the opposed ears 22 f and the inward portions of the opposed carrying arms 23 adjacent to said clamp sections.

Carried by the carrying arms 23 of the bracket elements are sheathing supporting frameworks.

These frameworks comprise uprights 25, preferf ably in the form of angle-irons so as to provide rigidity; inwardly projecting flanges of said uprights being inserted between the free end portions of the opposed carrying arms 23 of the bracket elements which are supported by the respective column sections, and then secured thereto by bolts 26. Said uprights are provided in suitable sectional lengths so as to extend from end to end of each column in outwardly spaced I or offset relation thereto and parallel to the respective column sections by which they are respectively supported, thus conforming to the planes of the side wall column sections and to the planes of the successively angularly olfset roof column sections. Suitably secured to and between adjacent upright sections are stretcher bars 21, preferably in the form of channel irons so as to provide rigidity. Said stretcher bars 21 terminate at their ends in angular perforate ears 28 to abut the faces of the inwardly projecting flanges of the upright sections 25, to which they are secured by bolts 29, or other suitable fastening means.

From the above description it will be obvious that a very simple, and yet strongly rigid and easily fabricated combined wall and roof skeleton frame is provided, including outwardly facing intertying sheathing supporting frameworks. Since the parts of such skeleton frame are capable of being assembled and joined together by bolts, it will be obvious that skilled labor is not required, and that little tool equipment other than wrench tools are needed in performing the assembling operations.

Ihe wall and roof skeleton frame may be externally faced with any suitable form of sheathing to close in the building structure. For example, sheathing comprising corrugated sheet iron panels 30 as shown, may be utilized, the same being overlaid upon the face flanges of the upright sections 25, and then riveted or otherwise suitably secured thereto. Preferably the sheathing panels are of such vertical length as to overlap at each apex of the divergent angles formed by adjoining column sections; thus providing desirable water shedding joints between successive courses of the sheathing.

While corrugated sheet iron has been suggested as a sheathing material, it will be understool that sheathing of any other kind, form or material, suitable for wall and roof closure, may be utilized.

The ridge plate 20 is preferably of such height or width as to project exteriorly beyond the planes of the adjacent sheathing panels, whereby there may be affixed to the freely projecting marginal portion of said ridge plate 20 a ridge coping member 3| of suitable conformation.

It may be desirable to reenforce the skeleton frame or desired portions thereof by intertying adjacent columns thereof. As shown in Fig. 2 by way of illustration, this may be done by providing intertying stay rods extending between suitably disposed anchoring collars 32 clamped to the columns. Said stay rods preferably comprise opposed sections 33-34, having opposed threaded end portions joined by turn-buckles 35, whereby the stay rods may be tensionally adjusted.

While I have shown and described certain specific embodiments of this invention by way of illustration, it will be obvious that various changes could be made in the form and constructions thereof without departing from the scope of this invention as defined in the appended claims. It is therefore intended that all matter hereinabove described and shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim:

1. In a building structure, a combined wall and roof skeleton frame comprising transversely opposed columns affixedly upstanding from a foundation base, a plurality of said columns being spaced apart in the direction of the length of the. building structure, each column comprising side and roof column sections angularly joined end to end and in such manner that roof column sections. of transversely opposite columns converge in meeting relation along a line in the vertical plane of the roof ridge of the building structure, transversely disposed bracket elements embracingly secured to the column sections in spaced apart relation along the length of each column, said bracket elements having outwardly posed columns ai'flxedly upstanding from a foundation base, a plurality of said columns being spaced apart in the direction of the length of the building structure, each column comprising side and roof column sections angularly joined end to end and in such manner that roof column sections of transversely opposite columns converge in meeting relation along a line in the vertical plane of the roof ridge of the building structure, transversely disposed bracket elements embracingly secured to the column sections in spaced apart relation along the length of each column, said bracket elements having outwardly projecting carrying arms, sheathing sup-- porting frameworks comprising upright sections affixed to the extremities of said carrying arms in outwardly offset but conformably parallel relation to the angular disposition of the column sections, said frameworks further including horizontal stretcher members affixed to and between said upright sections, reenforcing tying means extending between adjacent longitudinally aligned columns, and roof and side wall sheathing externally applied and aifixed to the aforesaid frameworks.

3. In a building structure as defined in claim 1, a longitudinally extending ridge plate upon which roof column sections converge and to which the same are secured, and an external coping member supported by said ridge plate to overlie the adjacently disposed portions of the roof sheathing. i

4. In a building structure, a combined wall and roof skeleton frame comprising a longitudinally extending ridge-plate, transversely opposed columns affixedly upstanding from a foundation base, a plurality of said columns being spaced apart in the direction of the length of the building structure, each column comprising side and roof column sections angularly joined end to end and in such manner that roof column sections of transversely opposite columns converge upon and are secured to said ridge plate, transversely disposed bracket elements embracingly secured to said column sections in spaced apart relation along the length of each column, said bracket elements having outwardly projecting carrying arms, and sheathing supporting frameworks comprising upright sections affixed to the extremities of said carrying arms in outwardly offset but conformably parallel relation to the angular disposition of the column sections and including horizontal stretcher members affixed to between said upright sections.

5. In a buliding structure, a combined wall and roof skeleton frame comprising transversely opposed columns ailixedly upstanding from a foundation base, a plurality of said columns being spaced apart in the direction of the length of the building structure, each column comprising a side column section and a plurality of roof column sections arranged in successively angulariy offset end to end relation and in such manner that the uppermost roof column sections converge in meeting relation, means to join opposed ends of the column sections of each column in rigid coupled together relation, transversely disposed bracket elements embracingly secured to said column sections in spaced apart relation along the length of each column, said bracket elements having outwardly projecting carrying arms, and sheathing supporting frameworks comprising upright sections affixed to the extremities of said carrying arms in outwardly offset but conformably parallel relation to the angular disposition of the column sections, said frameworks including horizontal stretcher members affixed to and between said upright sections.

6. In a building structure, a combined Wall and roof skeleton frame comprising transversely opposed columns affixedly upstanding from a foundation base, a plurality of said columns being spaced apart in the direction of the length of the building structure, each column comprising a side column section and a plurality of roof column sections arranged in successively angularly oifset end to end relation and in such manner that the uppermost roof column sections converge in meeting relation, means to join opposed ends of the column sections of each column in rigid coupled together relation, transversely disposed bracket elements embracingly secured to said column sections in spaced apart relation along the length of each column, said bracket elements having outwardly projecting carrying arms, sheathing supporting frameworks comprising upright sections affixed to the extremities of said carrying arms in outwardly offset but conformably parallel relation to the angular disposition of the column sections, said frameworks including horizontal stretcher members afiixed to and between said upright sections, and roof and side wall sheathing extrenally applied and affixed to the frameworks thus provided.

7. In a building structure as defined in claim 6, a longitudinally extending ridge plate upon which the uppermost roof column sections converge and to which the same are secured, and an external coping member supported by said ridge plate to overlie the adjacently disposed portions of the roof sheathing.

RUSSELL C. GRAEF.

US433106A 1942-03-03 1942-03-03 Building structure Expired - Lifetime US2307215A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2425775A (en) * 1945-03-06 1947-08-19 Vivvien L Yarborough Building heating and cooling panel system
DE975051C (en) * 1946-01-25 1961-07-20 Hazeltine Corp Means for negatively modulated to selbsttaetigen Verstaerkungsregelung in Fernsehempfaengern television characters
US3378965A (en) * 1965-10-18 1968-04-23 Alben V. Broquist Prestressed concrete reinforcing arch structure
DE1268348B (en) * 1958-12-20 1968-05-16 Hochtief Ag Hoch Tiefbauten roof construction
US4258514A (en) * 1979-01-30 1981-03-31 St Clair Alfred L Method and means for anchoring a dismountable building
US4995214A (en) * 1987-11-04 1991-02-26 Wolf Systembau Gesellschaft M.B.H. Kg. Connecting element

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2425775A (en) * 1945-03-06 1947-08-19 Vivvien L Yarborough Building heating and cooling panel system
DE975051C (en) * 1946-01-25 1961-07-20 Hazeltine Corp Means for negatively modulated to selbsttaetigen Verstaerkungsregelung in Fernsehempfaengern television characters
DE1268348B (en) * 1958-12-20 1968-05-16 Hochtief Ag Hoch Tiefbauten roof construction
US3378965A (en) * 1965-10-18 1968-04-23 Alben V. Broquist Prestressed concrete reinforcing arch structure
US4258514A (en) * 1979-01-30 1981-03-31 St Clair Alfred L Method and means for anchoring a dismountable building
US4995214A (en) * 1987-11-04 1991-02-26 Wolf Systembau Gesellschaft M.B.H. Kg. Connecting element

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