US2306696A - Speed responsive control device - Google Patents

Speed responsive control device Download PDF

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US2306696A
US2306696A US230046A US23004638A US2306696A US 2306696 A US2306696 A US 2306696A US 230046 A US230046 A US 230046A US 23004638 A US23004638 A US 23004638A US 2306696 A US2306696 A US 2306696A
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members
speed
weight
balls
speed responsive
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US230046A
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Jesse W Hale
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Jesse W Hale
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D13/00Control of linear speed; Control of angular speed; Control of acceleration or deceleration, e.g. of a prime mover
    • G05D13/08Control of linear speed; Control of angular speed; Control of acceleration or deceleration, e.g. of a prime mover without auxiliary power

Description

Dec. 29, 1942. J, w. HALE SPEED RESPONSIVE CONTROL DEVICE Filed Sept. 15, 1938 ?atented Dec. 29, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SPEED RESPONSIVE CONTROLDEVICE Jesse W. Hale, Newton Center, Mass.
Application September 15, 1938, Serial No. 230,046 A 4 Claims. (Cl. 2l54-17) My present invention relates to a novel speed responsive control operating device.
In my copending application, Serial No. 225,963, filed August 20, 1938, now Patent No. 2,247,492, I have shown a speed responsive control for use in actuating valves, switches and the like where it is desired that the speed responsive control be effective in proportion toincreases in speed rather than to the square of the speed. As I have stated in the above mentioned co-pending application, the necessity of resiliently opposing I the action of speed responsive devices and the frequent desirability of varying the opposition to its action makes essentiala device wherein the centrifugal force of the speed responsive means is controlled to be effective substantially in direct proportion to the variations in speed of the driving member.
In my present invention, I am concerned with a simple and effective speed responsive device in which the desired results may be readily accomplished by the use of weights confined between a The members I and 3 are bored as at la and 3a to receive the ends of the shaft 9 of a carrier Ill which is formed with slots or pockets I I the walls of the slots being concave to form guiding surfaces as at l2 (Fig. 3) to confine the balls- I3 laterally while permitting their movement substantially radially along the slots ll.
' The members I and 3 are in contact with the balls l3 when at rest as shown in the full line position in Fig. 1 and' curve inwardly as at It to oppose any outward movement of the balls reaction member and a control operating member so that when the weights are subjected to centrifugal force, they move outwardly. I employ means to causethe outward movement of the weights to actuate the control operating member in desired relation to variations in speed of the reaction member.
In the drawing I have shown an embodiment of my invention from which its advantages will be readily apparent. In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a partly sectional view of the speed responsive control device.
Fig. 2 is arr-end view of one form of weight retainer. I
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary plan view of my device showing the retainer.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary view of a modified form of reta ner construction.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary side view of another embodiment of my invention.
In accordance with my invention I employ a reaction member I mounted on a shaft 2 to be rotated to indicate the speed or speeds at which a control is to be operated. The control operating member 3 includes a rod 4 slidably mounted in a support 5 and preferably held against rotation. While any type of control may be operated by my device, I have shown as at 6 a contact adapted to travel over insulation I to 'register on predetermined movement of the control operating member 3 with a contact 8. Valves or other types of switches may obviously be used with my invention.
l3. Instead of curving the walls as at H, the walls may be angularly disposed as at ii. If desired, either one of the members I and 3 may be formed with a fiat surface. If the surface of the members I or 3 or both is curved, concentric grooves may be provided as at It. If angular surfaces are employed, the abrupt changein angularity ofiers sharply increased resistance to the travel of the balls l3.
As the carrier III is rotatable independently of the member I and the control operating member 3 is not rotatable, the balls l3 will rotate and cause rotation of the carrier ID at one half the speed of the shaft 2. 0n rotaion of the carrier ID, the balls l3 are subjected to centrifugal force and hurled outwardly wedging the member 3 away from the member I as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1.
Axial movement of the member-3 by the balls I3 is opposed by a forked lever I1 in the annular recess I8 on the rod 4. The lever I1 is ful-.
crumed as at I9 and under control of the tension members 20 and 2| The spring 20 has a fixed tension while the spring 2| is connected to a' lever 22 which is adapted to be actuatedby the oper-. ator as a brake, accelerator or both so that its tension, and accordingly, its opposition to the centrifugal action of the balls l3 may be varied.
The drive may be through the carrier l0- as shown in Fig. 5. Forexample, the carrier l0 may be carried by a shaft 25 including a driving wheel .26 or the like establishing a shoulder for the hub 21 of the reaction member 28. In this construction, the reaction member 28 will be rotated at twice the speed of. the balls l3. The inertia of the member 28 is therefore efiective to oppose movement of the weights l3.
If desired, the pockets H may be formed with curved portions Ha (Fig. 2). Since the carrier I 0 is rotated by the balls l3, the carrier II) will have inertia or momentum relative to the speed of the balls on acceleration or deceleration of their rate of rotation respectively. The portions Ha of the pockets l I therefore tend to oppose the action of the balls on acceleration and oppose their action on deceleration.
If greater centrifugal effect is desired, rotation of the balls it may be prevented as by splining them as at [30 in the pockets I I. In this embodiment of my invention, the shaft 2 of the carrier I0 is splined as at 9a to cause rotation of the member 3 and the carrier Ill with the member I. With this form of my invention, the member I- may be omitted and the carrier l0 driven by the shaft 2.
It will be appreciated that the curved or angular surface of the members i, 3 or both are adapted to so oppose the action of the balls 13 that the centrifugal force is rendered relatively less effective as the speed of the shaft 2 increases so that movement of the control operating member 3 may be substantially in direct proportion to variations in speed of the drive member i.
What I therefore claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
i. In a speed responsive control operating device, a slidable control member, a rotatable reaction member, at least one of said members including a cam surface, weight elements, means to rotate said elements, said elements being in contact with said members and movable outwardly in response to centrifugal forceland coacting with said cam surface to move said slidable member, said cam surface including a first portion offering a predetermined resistance to said movement of saidelements, and a second portion offering a predetermined increasing resistance to further outward movement of said members, and the surface of another of said members is formed with concentric grooves intermediate each of said portions.
2. In a speed responsive control operating device, a slidable control member, a reaction member, at least one of said members including a cam surface, weight elements in contact with said members and movable outwardly in response to centrifugal force and coacting with said cam surface to move said slidable member, means to subject said weight elements to centrifugal force, said cam surface including a first portion offering a predetermined retarding effect upon outward movement of said weight elements, a second portion offering another predetermined retarding effect upon further outward movement of said elements and at least one of said members including surfaces disposed to engage and hold said weight elements adjacent either extremity of said cam surfaces until the weight elements are subjected to sufficient centrifugal forces to overcome definitely the retarding efiect of the adjacent cam surface whereby said slidable member is subjected to a definite limited movement by each of said cam portions.
3. In a speed responsive control operating device, a slidable control member, a reaction member, weight elements in contact with said members and movable outwardly in response to centrifugal force, one of said members being so shaped that on said outward movement said weight elements coact with said shaped member to effect movement of said slidable member, guide means for said weight elements, means to subject said weight elements to centrifugal force, said shaped member offering a predetermined resistance to outward movement of said weight elements, one of said members being shaped to offer another predetermined resistance to further outward movement of said weight elements whereby said slidable member is subjected to two definite movements and means to engage with and hold said weight elements when they are adjacent either extremity of that part of the member offering resistance to movement of said weight elements until said weight elements are subjected to sufficient centrifugal force to overcome definitely the resistance offered thereby.
4. The device of claim 3, in which the weighted elements are balls and the guide means has ball receiving slots and is supported by said members for rotation independently thereof, the outer ends of said slots being curved.
' JESSE W. HALE.
US230046A 1938-09-15 1938-09-15 Speed responsive control device Expired - Lifetime US2306696A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2426386A (en) * 1945-06-06 1947-08-26 Victor Gauvreau Automatic feed head
US2454902A (en) * 1944-07-14 1948-11-30 Henry E Warren Speed governor
US2656173A (en) * 1949-06-20 1953-10-20 Frenkel Meyer Variable speed governing mechanism with modifier
US2690826A (en) * 1949-05-31 1954-10-05 Bendix Aviat Corp Centrifugal clutch
US2738968A (en) * 1950-05-20 1956-03-20 Fleischel Gaston Snap-action governor
US2755078A (en) * 1952-10-30 1956-07-17 Curtiss Wright Corp Governor
US3053097A (en) * 1960-05-31 1962-09-11 Gen Motors Corp Centrifugal governor
US4111127A (en) * 1977-08-19 1978-09-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Centrifugal rolling ball locking device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2454902A (en) * 1944-07-14 1948-11-30 Henry E Warren Speed governor
US2426386A (en) * 1945-06-06 1947-08-26 Victor Gauvreau Automatic feed head
US2690826A (en) * 1949-05-31 1954-10-05 Bendix Aviat Corp Centrifugal clutch
US2656173A (en) * 1949-06-20 1953-10-20 Frenkel Meyer Variable speed governing mechanism with modifier
US2738968A (en) * 1950-05-20 1956-03-20 Fleischel Gaston Snap-action governor
US2755078A (en) * 1952-10-30 1956-07-17 Curtiss Wright Corp Governor
US3053097A (en) * 1960-05-31 1962-09-11 Gen Motors Corp Centrifugal governor
US4111127A (en) * 1977-08-19 1978-09-05 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Centrifugal rolling ball locking device

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