US2302963A - Toy gun - Google Patents

Toy gun Download PDF

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Publication number
US2302963A
US2302963A US30790939A US2302963A US 2302963 A US2302963 A US 2302963A US 30790939 A US30790939 A US 30790939A US 2302963 A US2302963 A US 2302963A
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Prior art keywords
end
trigger
cylinder
shank
portion
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Charles F Lefever
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Daisy Manufacturing Co
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Daisy Manufacturing Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41BWEAPONS FOR PROJECTING MISSILES WITHOUT USE OF EXPLOSIVE OR COMBUSTIBLE PROPELLANT CHARGE; WEAPONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F41B9/00Liquid ejecting guns, e.g. water pistols, devices ejecting electrically charged liquid jets, devices ejecting liquid jets by explosive pressure
    • F41B9/0003Liquid ejecting guns, e.g. water pistols, devices ejecting electrically charged liquid jets, devices ejecting liquid jets by explosive pressure characterised by the pressurisation of the liquid
    • F41B9/0031Liquid ejecting guns, e.g. water pistols, devices ejecting electrically charged liquid jets, devices ejecting liquid jets by explosive pressure characterised by the pressurisation of the liquid the liquid being pressurised at the moment of ejection
    • F41B9/0037Pressurisation by a piston
    • F41B9/004Pressurisation by a piston the piston movement being mechanically coupled to the trigger movement, e.g. the piston being part of the trigger

Description

Nov. 24, 1942. c. F. LEFE'VER 2,302,963

TOY GUN Filed Dec. 6, 1939 INVENTOR.

CHARLES F. LEFEYER" 'ATTORNEYs Patented Nov. 24-, 1942 TOY GUN Charles F. Lefever, Plymouth, Mich., Daisy Manufacturing Company,

assignor to Plymouth,

Mich, a corporation of Michigan Application December 6, 1939, Serial No. 307,909 1 Claim. (01. 221-315) In the general art of toy guns one type largely manufactured and used is characterized by the silent or substantially silent discharge of a projectile. Within this type is the class of so-called water pistols or guns which silently discharge liquid. Another type within the general art is commonly known as pop guns, these being adapted to produce a loud report without the discharge of any projectile. It is the primary object of the instant invention to combine in one structure a mechanism for the silent discharge of a projectile and associated means for substantially simultaneously producing a loud report. To this end the invention consists in the construction as hereinafter set forth.

In the drawing:

Figure l is a central longitudinal section partly in elevation of my improved toy gun;

Figure 2 is a plan view thereof;

Figure 3 is a sectional end elevation;

Figure 4 is a side elevation.

My improved gun is preferably formed to simulate in appearance a double barreled gun or pistol. Thus as shown, the outer casing is formed of two pressed sheet metal sections A and A each fashioned to have the double barreled portion A and A the frame portion A and the handle portion A The two sections are secured together in the usual manner through the medium of cooperating struck out ears A which are clinched into engagement with each other. Within one of the barrels, shown as the upper barrel, is located a liquid discharge mechanism. This comprises a liquid holding cylinder B having a closure head B at its outer end with a central small discharge aperture B therein. A piston C is arranged within the cylinder to form a sealing engagement therewith, and a shank D connected to the piston extends rearward and out through an aperture in the rear wall of the casing being preferably provided at its rear end with a pull loop D. The shank D is further provided with a series of ratchet teeth D preferabl on its upper side which are adapted to be successively engaged by a pawl E connected to a trigger F. The trigger is preferably formed of a sheet metal stamping U-shaped in cross section and bifurcated at its upper end to embrace the report producing mechanism hereinafter described.

The pop or report producing mechanism may be of any suitable construction and is preferably located in the other of the barrels. As shown, it comprises an air cylinder G fixedly secured within the lower barrel A by suitable means such as a struck-out ear G. The forward end of this cylinder is slightly contracted in diameter as indicated at G to form a seat for a disk closure member H, which is normally held to its seat by a spring H abutting at its forward end against struck-out ears I-I integral with the casing.

Within the barrel G is a piston I secured to a rearwardly extending shank I. The shank has an upwardly offset portion I which is enclosed within a guide member J of U-shaped cross section extending longitudinally of the casing and secured thereto at its rear end by a bent ear J. The forward portion of the guide J is reduced in width to form a shoulder J which together with a struck-out ear J forms an abutment for a spring K. The latter surrounds the forward portion J of the guide and extends beyond the same into the cylinder G bearing at its forward end against the piston I. portion I of the shank I has a down-turned hook I adapted for engagement with a link member L pivotally connected at L to the trigger F and extending through a slot J in the rear portion on the frame J. The member L is preferably formed of an inverted U-shaped cross section and near its rear end is apertured to receive the hook I and to form a shoulder L for engaging the same. There is also a curved portion L beyond the aperture which when the trigger is pulled rearward will engage a cam J at the rear end of the slot J so as to disengage the shoulder L from the hook I Thus. the link L in connection with the cam J performs the function of a seer, as well as a means for retracting the plunger 1 and piston I against the tension of the spring K. Consequently, when the trigger F is pulled it first will move the piston I rearward Within the cylinder G, thereby compressing the spring K and at the end of this rearward movement the hook I is disengaged from the link L, permitting forward movement of the piston under actuation of the spring. Near the completion of this forward movement a forward extension I of the shank I will strike against the disk closure H positively unseating the same, which will be followed by a loud report due to the sudden escape of compressed air.

The trigger F is fulcrumed on a pin F and normally bears against a struck-out ear J on the guide member J. A spring F about the pivot L and with end portions bearing against the link L and trigger F, serves to hold this trigger in its normal position and to return the same after being pulled backward. The furcations F of the bifurcated upper end of the trigger F embrace the guide J, as well as the shank D, the pivote E The rear end of the offset for the pawl E being located above said shank. An ear E on the pawl E engaging the upper end of the trigger and yieldably held thereagainst by a spring E serves to hold the pawl E out of engagement with the ratchet teeth D when the trigger is in normal position. However, when the trigger is pulled rearward the pawl will be depressed to engage one of the ratchet teeth and to thereby move the shank D and piston C forward so as to discharge water from the cylinder B through the aperture B Upon the return movement of the trigger the pawl E will be drawn rearward into engagement with another one of the ratchet teeth, the spring E yielding to permit such movement.

With the construction as described, to load the cylinder B with liquid the apertured end B is immersed in a container for the liquid and the plunger D drawn rearward by the loop D to the limit of its movement which is determined by a stop D engaging the rear wall of the casing. The gun is then ready for use and each time the trigger F is pulled rearward the piston C will move forward ejecting a measured quantity of liquid from the cylinder through the aperture B At the same time, the movement of the trigger will, through the link L, draw the hook I and piston I rearward, compressing the spring K and finally releasing the hook to produce the report. Thus, substantially simultaneously with the discharge of the liquid projectile a loud report is sounded, thereby closely simulating the action of a firing gun.

What I claim as my invention is:

A toy gun comprising a casing having a double barrelecl portion, a liquid holding cylinder located in the upper barrel, an air cylinder located in the lower barrel, a plunger in said liquid cylinder having a shank extending through the rear end of the casing and provided with a series of teeth in the portion within the casing, a plunger in the air cylinder having a rearwardly extending shank adjacent to the shank of the aforesaid plunger, a trigger having a bifurcated portion embracing both of said plunger shanks and a pawl connected to its upper end for cooperating with said ratchet teeth to advance the liquid cylinder plunger step by step, a link connected to said trigger and engaging said air cylinder plunger shank to retract the same simultaneously with the advancement of said liquid cylinder plunger shank, and means cooperating with said air cylinder its plunger and plunger shank for producing a report.

CHARLES F. LEFEVER.

US2302963A 1939-12-06 1939-12-06 Toy gun Expired - Lifetime US2302963A (en)

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US2302963A US2302963A (en) 1939-12-06 1939-12-06 Toy gun

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2637941A (en) * 1949-12-12 1953-05-12 Langson Mfg Co Paper burster gun
US2648159A (en) * 1952-02-07 1953-08-11 Rotfeld Isadore Toy siren and chromatic gun
US2811150A (en) * 1954-08-11 1957-10-29 Marocchi Stefano Compressed gas gun
US2938512A (en) * 1958-03-10 1960-05-31 Lerner George Combined pop and squirt toy gun
US3022779A (en) * 1960-06-14 1962-02-27 Transogram Company Inc Toy guns
US3365838A (en) * 1965-10-18 1968-01-30 Stanley C. Butler Noise making repeating water gun
US4241850A (en) * 1978-09-21 1980-12-30 Hahn Paul G Personal protective device
US4591071A (en) * 1983-10-14 1986-05-27 Johnson Lonnie G Squirt gun
US5662244A (en) * 1995-07-14 1997-09-02 Lcd International, L.L.C. Toy weapon firing a liquid projectile

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2637941A (en) * 1949-12-12 1953-05-12 Langson Mfg Co Paper burster gun
US2648159A (en) * 1952-02-07 1953-08-11 Rotfeld Isadore Toy siren and chromatic gun
US2811150A (en) * 1954-08-11 1957-10-29 Marocchi Stefano Compressed gas gun
US2938512A (en) * 1958-03-10 1960-05-31 Lerner George Combined pop and squirt toy gun
US3022779A (en) * 1960-06-14 1962-02-27 Transogram Company Inc Toy guns
US3365838A (en) * 1965-10-18 1968-01-30 Stanley C. Butler Noise making repeating water gun
US4241850A (en) * 1978-09-21 1980-12-30 Hahn Paul G Personal protective device
US4591071A (en) * 1983-10-14 1986-05-27 Johnson Lonnie G Squirt gun
US5662244A (en) * 1995-07-14 1997-09-02 Lcd International, L.L.C. Toy weapon firing a liquid projectile

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