US229710A - Lubricator for steam-engine cylinders - Google Patents

Lubricator for steam-engine cylinders Download PDF


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US229710A US229710DA US229710A US 229710 A US229710 A US 229710A US 229710D A US229710D A US 229710DA US 229710 A US229710 A US 229710A
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    • E21B10/00Drill bits
    • E21B10/08Roller bits
    • E21B10/22Roller bits characterised by bearing, lubrication or sealing details
    • E21B10/24Roller bits characterised by bearing, lubrication or sealing details characterised by lubricating details


(No ModeL) G. E. JOHNSON. Lubricator fors-team Engine Gvlinders.
No. 229,710. Patented July 6,1880.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 229,710, dated July 6, 1880.
Application filed May 27, 1880. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES E. JOHNSON, of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented an Improved Lubricator for Steam Engine Cylinders, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is an elevation of a lubricator constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical section through the center of the same. Fig. 3is a horizontal section on the line as 00 of Fig. 2.
Lubricators in which the steam-supply pipe is led directly to the bottom of the oil-cup are objectionable, for the reason that each time the cup is refilled with oil it becomes necessary to wait until a sufficient quantity of water from the condensation of steam has accumulated in the portion of the supply-pipe nearest to the cup in order to prevent the steam from acting directly upon and becoming mixed with the oil in the cup, which it is very important 2 5 to avoid, as the oil when thus mixed with steam obscures the glass inspection-chamber in the feed-pipe and prevents the engineer from observing what amount of oil is being carried forward.
0 My invention has for its object to avoid this delay at each refilling of the cup, which often prevents the lubricator from being used for fifteen or twenty minutes, and sometimes longer; and my invention consists in the com- 5 bination, with the oil-cup, of an independent receptacle for containing water, which is placed between the bottom of the oil-cup and the steam-supply pipe leading to the boiler, this receptacle being so constructed that it will not 40 empty itself, and will thus cause a body of water to be at all times interposed between the oil-cup and the steam-supply pipe, which effectually prevents the steam from reaching and becoming mixed with the oil and enables the 4 5 apparatus to be-instantly set in operation after the o1l-cup has been refilled without having to wait for the steam to condense, as heretofore.
In the said drawings, A represents the oilcup of alubricator, which is provided, as usual, with a discharge-pipe, B, through which the oil is forced to the cylinder of the engine.
To the bottom of the oil-cup A is secured a hemispherical receptacle, 0, the upper end of which is provided with a short neck or tube, b. The bottom at of the receptacle 0, which is made detachable therefrom and concave on its upper side, has projecting down from its center a short tube, 6, which is coupled with a steam-supply pipe, D, leading directly to the boiler or main steam-pipe. (Not shown.)
Within the receptacle 0 is placed a concavoconvex plate or cup, E, which is supported on a hollow stem, f, screwed into the bottom plate, 61, and communicating with the pipe D. The upper edge of the cup E, which bears against the inner surface of the receptacle 0, is notched or scalloped, as at g, in order to afford communication between the portions of the receptacle above and below the cup, and the stem f is provided with a series of inlet-apertures, h, communicating with its interior, through which the water enters the receptacle from the pipe D.
The tube b is provided with a valve, 70, the plug of which is fitted to lts seat in such a manner as to close automatically on the application of downward pressure, this valve serving to prevent the oil in the cup A from running down into the receptacle 0 when the pressure is off the boiler or the steam is shut ofi" from the receptacle 0, or when the lubricator is removed from the boiler.
The cup E is intended to be always filled.
with water, as is also the concavity of thebottom plate, 01, and as the water cannot drain off therefrom, a permanent supply is thus maintained within the receptacle 0, which insures a body of water being at all times interposed between the oil-cup A and the steampipe D, which thus prevents steam from reaching and becoming mixed with the oil under any circumstances whatever, while the interposition of the cup E between the inlet and out-let apertures of the receptacle 0 tends to reduce any back-pressure from the cylinder of the engine, and also prevents undue pressure being exerted upon the oil by the steam in the pipe D.
The operation is as follows: The oil-cup A being filled with oil, and the cup E of the receptacle O and concavity of the bottom plate, 01, filled with water, steam is admitted from the supply-pipe D, and is instantly condensed on coming into contact with the water in the receptacle 0. The pressure of the steam now forces the water up through the valve it into the oil-cup A, and exerts the required pressure on the oil to force it through the pipe B into 5 the cylinder of the engine, and as the receptacle 0 always contains water the steam is condensed as fast as it reaches it, thus affording the necessary supply of water to take the place of the oil forced out of the cup A. By thus roconstantly maintaining a body of water between the oil-cup and the steam-supply pipe the apparatus is ready for use immediately after the oil-cup has been refilled, and the delay and inconvenience incident to lubricators as 15 heretofore constructed are thus entirely avoid- 20 uninterrupted view of the oil passing through it, whereby much waste is avoided, as the eugineer is enabled to observe the flow of the oil and regulate it accordingly by means of a valvein the feed-pipe provided for the purpose.
I claim- 1. In a lubricator, the combination, with the oil-cup A and its discharge-pipe B, of the independent receptacle O, interposed between the bottom of the cup A and the pipe D, and provided with a concave bottom, d, inlet-apertures h, and concave plate or cup E, adapted to retain a permanent supply of water within the receptacle 0, substantially as and for the purpose described.
2. In a lubricator, the combination,with the water-receptacle (J, of the concave plate or cup E, placed Within it and having its upper edge provided with notches or apertures g, to allow of the passage of the water from the lower to the upper portion of the receptacle 0, substantially as set forth.
Witness my hand this 15th day of May, A. D. 1880.
In presence of- W. J. CAMBRIDGE, F. W. JOHNSON.
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