US2281647A - Yarn and process of making it - Google Patents

Yarn and process of making it Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2281647A
US2281647A US38645041A US2281647A US 2281647 A US2281647 A US 2281647A US 38645041 A US38645041 A US 38645041A US 2281647 A US2281647 A US 2281647A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
yarn
fibers
cellulose
finished
staple
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Whitehead William
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Celanese Corp
Original Assignee
Celanese Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/38Threads in which fibres, filaments, or yarns are wound with other yarns or filaments, e.g. wrap yarns, i.e. strands of filaments or staple fibres are wrapped by a helically wound binder yarn
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/20Cellulose-derived artificial fibres
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/23907Pile or nap type surface or component
    • Y10T428/2395Nap type surface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31971Of carbohydrate

Description

y 5; 1942- w. WHITEHEAD 2,281,647

mmnmi PROCESS OF MAKING IT Filed April 2,1941

INVENTOR lI i Jam lifiizefiead AT?ORNEY,S

Patented May 5, 1942 YARN AND PROCESS OF MAKING IT william Whitehead, Rye, N. Y., assignor it Celanese Corporation of America, a corporation of Delaware Application April 2, 1941, Serial No. 386,450

19 Claims.

This invention relates to yarns and more particularly to yarnscontaining staple fibers having a basis of an organic derivative of cellulose.

An object of my invention is the preparation of yarns spun on the woolen, cotton or worsted system from staple fibers having a basis of .an organic derivative of cellulose, wherein the fibers are firmly anchored in the structure of the yarn. f A further object of my invention is the preparation of a composite spun yarn from organic derivative of cellulose staple fibers and a finished yarn wherein the cellulose derivative fibers are firmly anchored to the hed yarn.

Another object of my invention is the preparation of said yarns in an efiicient and economical manner.

Other objects of my invention will appear from the following detailed description and the accompanying drawing.

' In the manufacture and-use of fiuffy or napped fabrics woven, knitted or otherwise .fabricated from spun yarns having a basis of wool fibers and the like, little difiiculty is experienced due to the shedd ng of individual fibers from the fabric. Because of the scaly. external structure of the wool or similar fibers, they cling together on contact and it is therefore exceedingly diflicuit to draw an individual fiber from such flufiy fabrics, without breaking the fiber. Staple fibers having a basis of an organic derivative of cellulose, however, are smooth and have no such inherent scaly structure. Consequently, when yarns spun from these fibers are woven into fabrics such as blankets, which are then given a napping treat: ment, the individual fibers do not cling together and, because of their smooth surface, have an objectionable tendency toward shedding.

I have now discovered a method whereby staple fibers havinga basis of an organic derivative of cellulose may be firmly anchored in the body of yarns containing said fibers. This is effected by having one or more finished relatively fine threads or yarns, carrying a solvent or softening agent for said organic derivatives of cellulose, associated with said staple fibers, preferably while they are being spun, and then twisting the composite yarn so that the-fine thread or yarn becomes firmly embedded in. the structure of the spun yarn. The solvent or softening agent present on 'the fine .thread or yarn which is associated with the spun yarn, causes said organic derivative of cellulose fibers to soften or partially dissolve. Consequently, at whatever point the fine yarn or thread carrying the solvent or softening agent all of the organic derivative of cellulose 'fibers' of cellulose fibers, the ,fibers are softened and, after the solvent or softening agent volatilizes, the organic derivative of cellulose fibers are firm- 1y attached to the fine yarn or thread. By suitably twisting the spun yam with the yarn or thread" carrying the solvent or softening agent, substantially all'of the staple fibers comprising the spun yarn are caused to come in contact with the solvent-carrying yarn or thread at at least one point along their length. The result is that are firmly anchored tothe finished thread and the objectionable shedding of fibers from napped fabrics woven from these yarns is substantially eliminated.

The finished fine yarn orthread carrying the solvent or softening agent and associated with the spun yarn may be made of any textile material, or mixture of textile materials, which is unaffected by the solvents or softening agents for the organic derivatives of cellulose. Ex-

amples of such textile materials are cotton, re-

' generated cellulose, silk, wool, yarns of stretched, saponified organic derivatives of cellulose, and orcomes into contactwith the organic derivative anic ethers and esters of cellulose of comparatively high degree of etherification or esterification, which are substantially unaffected by (those liquids which are solvents and softening agents for organic derivatives of cellulose of a lesser degree of etherification or esterification. Mixtures of two or more of the above textile materials may likewise be employed as well as blends of these fibers with a proportion of soluble fibers having a basis of an organic derivative of cellulose.

Examples of solvents or softening agents which may be employed (alloi which are hereinafter referred to in the claims as softening agents) are, for example, acetone, ethyl alcohol, acetone and ethyl or methyl alcohol, chloroform, ethylene dichloride, ethylene dichloride and ethyl or metyhl alcohol, and methyl chloride and ethyl or methyl alcohol. Mixtures of the above solvents with water or other non-solvents may be used if it is desired to reduce'or modify the solvent orsoftening power of the solvent liquid.

The solvent or softening agent may be applied thefine yarn or thread in any suitable manner before said yarn or thread is associated with the spun yarn. Thus, the solvent may be applied by dipping, padding or spraying, or by passing the running yarn or thread over a wick or rotating roller moistened with the solvent; The solvent may also be applied to the fine yarn or thread in vapor form. Desirable results are obtained when from 10% to of solvent or softening'agent and mixed esters, such as cellulose acetate-propionate and cellulose acetate-butyrate, while examples of cellulose ethers are ethyl cellulose and benzyl cellulose. The organic derivative of cellulose staple fibers may be spun on the woolen, cotton or worsted system. The fibers may also be blended with staple fibers of other textile materials such as cotton, silk, wool and regenerated cellulose, and then spun to form yarns which are only in part affected by the solvent or softening agent on the finished fine yarn or thread associated therewith. Such organic derivative of cellulose staple-fibers may be of any desired length and may be prepared by means well-known to the art.

In order further to illustrate my invention, reference may be had to the accompan drawing wherein there is shown by way of example suitable apparatus for preparing the yarns of my invention according to the woolen system of ring-spinnin yarns. It is to be understood. however, that my invention is not limited thereto.

Like reference numerals indicate like parts throughout the several views of the drawing.

'Inthe drawing:

Fig. 1 is a plan view of the feed end of a false twister head of a woolen system ring-spinning machine,

Fig.2 is a side elevational view of the false twister head showing a roving gripped by the jaws thereof, anda yarn or'thread being associated with said roving, and

Fig. 3 is a detailed View, in perspective, on a somewhat enlarged scale of my improved yarn.

Referring now to the drawing, and particularly to Fig. 2, there is shown a bundle of staple fibers, having a basis of an organic derivative of cellulose, associated together to form a roving' l entering the bore 5 of a false twister head 8. The roving I passes. through the false twister head 6 and is ripped as it emerges from the base thereof by a pair of jaws 1 maintained under tension by suitable means (not shown).

desired amount of real twist as by a ring twister at a point beyond the lower drafting rolls, the y m or thread ll still moist with solvent or so tening agent becomes firmly embedded in the obtained whenthese'spun yarns .are woven or knitted into fabrics and the fabrics are thereafter, flufied or napped in any suitable manner. Since the individual fibers comprising the yarns are not pulled loose, the flufi'ed or napped fabrics made fromtheseyams do not have the chjectionable tendency toward shedding which they heretofore possessed.

While the yarn or thread carrying the solvent or softening agent is preferably associated with the spun yarn during its passage through the false twister head, it will be understood that the yarn or thread'carrying the solvent or softening agent may be associated with the spun yarn at any other stage of its preparation whether it be spun on the woole system, or on the cotton or worsted system.-.- Thus, for example, as an alternative to being doubled with the spun yarn in the false twister head when the yarns are being spun on the woolen system, the fine yarn or thread carrying the solvent or softening 7 agent may be doubled with the spun yarn in the yarn guide after the false twister head or in,

the balloon guide above the ring spindle. ,When the staple fibers having a basis of an organic derivative of cellulose are being spun on the cot- The false twister head i is rotated at high speed by a driving cable- I which bears on a collar 9 mounted on said false twister head and provided with a suitable groove II for receiving said driving cable. The false twister head and the manner in which it operates is well known in the art of spinning on the woolen system. To

prepare the yarns of my invention in which -the fibers are firmly held, a finished yarn or thread II is passed over a wick l2 partially immersed in a solvent or softening agent for cellulose derivatives l3 contained in a vessel I4, and after being moistened or wetted, the yarn is led over a guide bar l5 and is passed downwardly into the bore 5 of the false twister head i together with the roving l. The false twister head 6 controls the twist in the roving during the drafting operation and at thesame time associates the yarn or thread ll carrying the solvent or softening agent l3 with the roving 4. As the roving emerges from the laws 'I of the false twister head 6 and enters the nip of-the lower drafting rolls (not shown) just below'said jaws, the twist inserted therein is reversed and exactly neutralized. When the roving is subsequently given the ton. or the worsted system, the finished yarn or thread carrying the solvent or softening agent may be associated with the spun yarn in the roving frame which is producing a fine roving as a final yarn,- or it maybe doubled with the spun yarn on the spinning frame. While the fine yarn or thread carrying the solvent or softening agent may be doubled with the spun yarn in one operation while it is being spun, as described above, the doubling may be carried out as a separate operation at any subsequent stage when the spun yarn is proceeding to a twisting and winding device, or during the course of any bobbin-to-bobbin or similar winding, or twisting and winding operation.

The term "finished yarn as used hereinafter in the appended claims is to be construed as including within its scope yarn, thread or other filamentary material and the term yam is to be construed as including a roving or bundle of staple fibers;

It is to be understood that the foregoing detailed description is merely given by way of illustration and that many variations may be made therein without departing from the spirit of my invention.

Having described my to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. Process for the production of a composite spun yarn, which'comprises associating a yarn containing some organic derivative of cellulose staple flberswith a finished yarn carrying a softening agent for said organic derivative of cellulose fibers, said finished yarn being substantially unaffected by said softening agent.

2. Process for the production of a composite invention; what I desire .derivative of cellulose staple fibers.

3. Process for the production of a composite spun yarn, which comprises associating a yarn containing organic derivative of cellulose staple fibers with a finished yarn carrying a softening agent for said organic derivative of cellulose fibers, said finished yarn being substantially unaffected by said softening agent, and then causing said finished yarn to come in contact with a substantial proportion of the organic derivative of cellulose staple fibers at at least one point along their length.

4. Process for the production of a composite yarn, which comprises associating a yarn containing organic derivative of cellulose staple and then twisting said yarn with said finished yarn so as to cause said finished yarn to come in contact with and become bonded to a substantial proportion of the cellulose acetate staple fibers.

10. Process for the production of a composite yarn, which comprises associating a yarn containing cellulose acetate staple fibers with a finished yarn carrying a softening agent for said cellulose acetate fibers, said finished yarn being substantially unaffected by said softening agent,-

and then twisting said yarn with said finished yarn so as to cause said finished yarn to come in contact with and become bonded to a substantial proportion of the celluloseacetate staple fibers at at least one point along their length.

'11. Process for the production of a composite spun yarn by the woolen system of ring-spinning, which comprises feeding a roving comprising staple fibers of cellulose acetate to a false-twister fibers with a finished yarn carrying a softening agent for said organic derivative of cellulose fibers, said finished yarn being substantially unafi-ected by said softening agent,and then twisting said yarn with said finished yarn so as to cause said finished yarn to come in contact with and become bonded to a substantial proportion of the organic derivative of cellulose staple fibers.

5. Process for the production of a composite yarn, which comprises associating a yarn containing organic derivative of cellulose staple fibers with a finished yarn carrying a softening agent for said organic derivative of cellulose fibers, said finished yarn being substantially unaffected by said softening agent, and then twisting said yarn with said finished yarn so as to cause said finished yarn to come in contact with and become bonded to a substantial proportion of the organic derivative of cellulose staple fibers at at least one point along their length.

6. Process for the production of a composite spun yarn, which comprises associating a yarn containing some cellulose acetate staple fibers with a finished yarn carrying a softening agent for said cellulose acetate fibers, said finished.

yarn being substantially unaffected by said softening agent.

7. Process for the production of a composite yarn, which comprises associating a yam containing some cellulose acetate staple fibers with a finished yarn carrying a softening agent for said cellulose acetate fibers, said finished yarn being substantially unaffected by said softening agent, and then causing said finished yarn to come in contact with a substantial proportion of the cellulose acetate staple fibers.

8. Process for the production of a composite yarn, which comprises associating a yarn containing cellulose acetate staple fibers with a finished yarn carrying a softening agent for said cellulose acetate fibers, said finished yarn being substantially unaffected by said softening agent,

and then causing said finished yarn to come in contact with a substantial proportion of the cellulose acetate staple fibers at at least one point head, simultaneously feeding to said falsetwister head a finished yarn carrying a softening agent for said cellulose acetate fibers, said finished yarn being substantially unaffected by said softening agent, and then associating said roving and said finished yarn so as to cause a substantial proportion of said cellulose acetate,

staple fibers to become bonded to said finished yarn at at least one point along their length.

12. Process for the production of napped fabrics, which comprises forming a fabric from composite yarns, said composite yarns containing staple fibers at least some of which are organic derivatives of cellulose and being associated with a finished yam which is bonded to a substantial proportion of said organic derivative of cellulose staple fibers, and then subjecting said fabric to a napping treatment.

13. Process for the production of napped fabrics, which comprises weaving a fabric from composite yarns, said composite yarns containing staple fibers, at least some of which are cellulose acetate, associated with a finished cotton yarn which is bonded to a substantial proportion of 14. Process for the production of napped fabrics, which comprises knitting a fabric from composite yarns, said composite yarns containing staple fibers, at least someof which are cellulose acetate, associated with a finished cotton yarn which is bonded to a substantial proportion of said cellulose acetate staple fibers, and then subjecting said knitted fabric to a napping treat- I ment;

15. A composite yarn comprising, as a minor part of its bulk, a finished yarn and, as the major part of its bulk, staple fibers of an organic derivative of cellulose that are coalesced locally at the points where they contact-with said finished yarn so as to anchor a-substantial proportion of said fibers to said finished. yarn.

16. A composite yarn comprising, as a minor part of its bulk, a finished yarn and, as the major part of its bulk, staple fibers of cellulose acetate that are coalesced locally at the points where they contact with said finished yarn so as to .anchora substantial proportion of said fibers to said finished yarn. I

17. A composite yarn comprising, as a minor part of its bulk, a finished yarn comprising a stretched, saponified cellulose ester and, as the major part of itsbulk, staple fibers of cellulose acetate that are coalesced locally at the points where they contact with said finished yarn so as to anchor a substantial proportion of said fibers to said finished yarn.

18. A napped fabric comprising a composite yarn comprising, as a minor part of its bulk, a

- finished yarn and, as the major part of its bulk,

staple fibers of an organic derivative of cellulose that are coalesced locally at the points where they contact with said finished yarn so as to anchor a substantial proportion of said fibers to said finished yarn.

yarn.

WIILIAM WHI'I'E'HEAD.

US2281647A 1941-04-02 1941-04-02 Yarn and process of making it Expired - Lifetime US2281647A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2281647A US2281647A (en) 1941-04-02 1941-04-02 Yarn and process of making it

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2281647A US2281647A (en) 1941-04-02 1941-04-02 Yarn and process of making it

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2281647A true US2281647A (en) 1942-05-05

Family

ID=23525627

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2281647A Expired - Lifetime US2281647A (en) 1941-04-02 1941-04-02 Yarn and process of making it

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2281647A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608901A (en) * 1950-12-22 1952-09-02 Barnhardt Mfg Company Cylindrical absorptive fibrous body and the manufacture thereof
US4192127A (en) * 1978-09-28 1980-03-11 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Method and apparatus for making monofilament twines
US4228641A (en) * 1978-09-28 1980-10-21 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Thermoplastic twines
US5239768A (en) * 1991-01-09 1993-08-31 Daiwa Seiko, Inc. Fishing rod, and its manufacturing method
US5572860A (en) * 1991-09-22 1996-11-12 Nitto Boseki Co., Ltd. Fusible adhesive yarn
US6212914B1 (en) 1999-04-16 2001-04-10 Supreme Elastic Corporation Knit article having ravel-resistant edge portion and composite yarn for making ravel-resistant knit article
US6230524B1 (en) 1999-08-06 2001-05-15 Supreme Elastic Corporation Composite yarn having fusible constituent for making ravel-resistant knit article and knit article having ravel-resistant edge portion

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608901A (en) * 1950-12-22 1952-09-02 Barnhardt Mfg Company Cylindrical absorptive fibrous body and the manufacture thereof
US4192127A (en) * 1978-09-28 1980-03-11 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Method and apparatus for making monofilament twines
US4228641A (en) * 1978-09-28 1980-10-21 Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Thermoplastic twines
US5239768A (en) * 1991-01-09 1993-08-31 Daiwa Seiko, Inc. Fishing rod, and its manufacturing method
US5572860A (en) * 1991-09-22 1996-11-12 Nitto Boseki Co., Ltd. Fusible adhesive yarn
US6212914B1 (en) 1999-04-16 2001-04-10 Supreme Elastic Corporation Knit article having ravel-resistant edge portion and composite yarn for making ravel-resistant knit article
US6367290B2 (en) 1999-04-16 2002-04-09 Supreme Elastic Corporation Knit article having ravel-resistant edge portion and composite yarn for making ravel-resistant knit article
US6230524B1 (en) 1999-08-06 2001-05-15 Supreme Elastic Corporation Composite yarn having fusible constituent for making ravel-resistant knit article and knit article having ravel-resistant edge portion

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3298079A (en) Method for producing a novel crimped yarn and fabric
US3115745A (en) Method of drawing, covering and stabilizing synthetic elastomeric yarn
US2313058A (en) Textile product and method of making the same
US3490219A (en) Super high speed spinning method and apparatus for manufacturing jet bundle yarn
US3596458A (en) Spun yarn of elastic fiber and preparation thereof
US3831369A (en) Yarn structure and method of making same
US2504523A (en) Fabric-making material
US3092953A (en) Method and apparatus for forming yarn
US4711079A (en) Roving blending for making sheath/core spun yarn
US2132702A (en) Combined asbestos and glass fiber yarn
US2278895A (en) Composite material
US2964900A (en) Novelty combination yarns
US2461043A (en) Process of conditioning cellulose ester filaments
US3022545A (en) Process for crimping cellulose triacetate fibers
US2810281A (en) Textile articles and processes for making same
US2111209A (en) Treatment of textile yarns
US3877214A (en) Method for the manufacture of yarn
US3099907A (en) Process for obtaining textile end products using discontinuous fibers
US3191375A (en) Process for the manufacture of a twisted yarn
US2721440A (en) Process for producing direct spun yarns from strands of continuous fibers
US4028874A (en) Roving and process for its manufacture
US4559772A (en) False twist texturized yarn, and a process for its preparation
US2666038A (en) Textile-finishing compositions, finished articles, and methods of producing them
US2003400A (en) Manufacture of staple fiber yarns
US2990673A (en) Process and apparatus for producing core yarns