US2276325A - Latching device - Google Patents

Latching device Download PDF

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US2276325A
US2276325A US301025A US30102539A US2276325A US 2276325 A US2276325 A US 2276325A US 301025 A US301025 A US 301025A US 30102539 A US30102539 A US 30102539A US 2276325 A US2276325 A US 2276325A
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Prior art keywords
bolt
door
position
slide
member
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US301025A
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Marple Rollo
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HANCOCK Manufacturing CO
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HANCOCK Manufacturing CO
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B85/00Details of vehicle locks not provided for in groups E05B77/00 - E05B83/00
    • E05B85/20Bolts or detents
    • E05B85/22Rectilinearly moving bolts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/40Combined dovetail and keeper
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/096Sliding
    • Y10T292/0969Spring projected
    • Y10T292/097Operating means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/68Keepers
    • Y10T292/696With movable dog, catch or striker
    • Y10T292/702Pivoted or swinging
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/50Special application
    • Y10T70/5093For closures
    • Y10T70/5155Door
    • Y10T70/5199Swinging door
    • Y10T70/5372Locking latch bolts, biased
    • Y10T70/5385Spring projected
    • Y10T70/5389Manually operable
    • Y10T70/5394Directly acting dog for exterior, manual, bolt manipulator
    • Y10T70/5465Manual dog-controller
    • Y10T70/5469With additional lock actuated dog-controller
    • Y10T70/5473Additional dog-controller controls both dogging and undogging
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T70/00Locks
    • Y10T70/50Special application
    • Y10T70/5093For closures
    • Y10T70/5155Door
    • Y10T70/5199Swinging door
    • Y10T70/5372Locking latch bolts, biased
    • Y10T70/5385Spring projected
    • Y10T70/5389Manually operable
    • Y10T70/55Dogged bolt or connections

Description

March 17, 1942. R. MARPLE LATCHING DEVICE Filed Oct. 24, 1939 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR F? [/0 BY 66 a: 46 wziv4 A z'romwsys.

March 17, 1942. R MARPLE 2,276,325

LATCHING DEVICE Filed Oct. 24, 1939 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 f'l'l'fll 'L'IIIIIII I NVENTOR /44 4/ aifa mr/ March 17, 1942. R. MARPLE 2,276,325

LATCHING DEVICE Filed 0G(.. 24, 1939 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 IIF. 11v VENTOR I Y 'Fa/Za @2723:

B gig-l5. 7%.

Patented Mar. 1 7, 1942 mronmo DEVICE Rollo Marple, Jackson, Mich., assignor to Hancock Manufacturing Company, Jackson, Mich., a corporation of Michigan Application October 24, 1939, Serial No. 301,025

7 Claims.

The present invention relates to vehicle latching devices, and is directed to the provision of improved latch constructions particularly suited for use on automotive vehicles.

The principal objects of the present invention are to provide latch constructions particularly adapted for but not limited in their use to automotive vehicles, characterized as being simple in construction, economical in manufacture, and reliable and positive in operation; to provide such lock constructions embodying an improved structural relationship between the bolt and the keeper structure; to provide such constructions wherein the keeper mechanism comprises a pair of pivotally supported elements, one whereof cooperates with the bolt member to hold the door in the fully closed position and the other whereof cooperates with the bolt to hold the door in a partially closed or safety position; to provide such an arrangement wherein the latch structure carries an abutment in spaced relation to the bolt, the keeper element being adapted to be wedgingly received between the bolt and the abutment so as to afford a dovetail action; to provide such constructions of the around-the-glass type characterized as embodying improved means operable from within the vehicle to lock the latch; to provide such constructions wherein the inside operated locking means and an externally key controlled device act upon a same locking member common thereto in locking the latch; to provide such constructions embodying means to prevent retraction of the bolt, which means is operable from within the interior of the vehicle; to provide such constructions wherein a retracting movement of the bolt restores the dogging means to the normal position thereof; and to generally improve the construction and operation of latches of the above generally indicated type.

With the above, as well as other objects in view, which appear in the following specification and in the appended claims, preferred but illustrative embodiments of the invention are shown in the accompanying drawings, throughout the several views of which corresponding reference characters are used to designate corresponding parts, and in which:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary, external view of a door assembly, showing the improved latch of the present invention in place thereon;

Fig. 2 is a viewin horizontal section taken along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a view in vertical section, taken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a view in vertical section, taken along the line 4-4 of Fig. 3;

Fig.5 is a view taken along the line 5-5 of Fig. 3, showing the latch structure in end elevation;

Fig. 6 is a detailed view in horizontal section, taken along the line 66 of Fig. 5;

Fig. 7 is a detailed view in vertical section, taken along the line l-l of Fig. 6;

Fig. 8 is a view in side elevation of a modified embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 9 is a view in end elevation taken along the line 9-9 of Fig. 8;

Fig. 10 is a view in horizontal section, taken along the line lll--I0 of Fig. 8;

Fig. 11 is a view in side elevation of a further modification of the invention;

Fig. 12 is an additional view of the latch structure of Fig. 11, but showing certain of the parts of Fig. 11 removed;

Fig. 13 is a View in horizontal section, taken along the line [3-43 of Fig. 11;

Fig. 14 is a view of an additional embodiment of the invention; and,

Fig. 15 is a view taken along the line I5-I5 of Fig. 13.

Referring first to the embodiment of Figs. 1 through '7, the present latch is of the conventional slidable bolt type, employing a bolt 20 which is spring-biased to the projected position shown in the various figures, but may be retracted therefrom by operation of either the inside handle 22 or the outside handle 24. The bolt 20 comprises a thickened head portion which projects through and is guided within an opening 26 provided therefor in the flange 28 of the latch case plate, and also projects through an opening provided therefor in the door rail 29. The bolt 20 is provided with a plate-like body portion 30 which lies in spaced relation to the base 32 of the case plate, as most clearly appears in Fig. 2. The rear portion of the body 30 is provided with an elongated slot 34, which receives a guide pin 36, one end whereof is fixed to a bearing support 38, which is struck from the base 32 of the case plate. A link 40 is provided, one end whereof is connected to the inside handle 22 (Fig. 1), and the other end whereof is pivotally connected as 'by a pin 42 to the tail of the bolt body. With this relation, it will be understood that a movement to theright of the link 40, as viewed in Figs. 2 and 3, causes a corresponding rightward movement of the bolt 20, withdrawing the head thereof from cooperative relation 44, described below, and permitting an opening to the keeper head.

movement of the door. The bolt 20 is provided with a biasing spring 48, one end whereof is conventionally secured to the base 32 of the case plate, and the free end whereof is received between the bolt body 30 and the case plate, and bears directly against the rear edge of the bolt the spring 40 thus serves to return the bolt to its projected position.

The present latch construction is of the socalled around-the-glass type, and the outside re- )racting mechanism for the bolt comprises the U-shaped roll back 50, one laterally turned end 52 whereof is pivotally supported upon the base 82 of the case plate by means of a pin 54 (Fig. '7) The other laterally turned end 58 of the U- shaped member 50 is provided with an axially projecting boss 58, which is rotatably journalled in a correspondingly dimensioned opening provided therefor in the supplemental case plate flange 82. The supplemental case plate flange 82 is connected to the base 32 of the case plate through the previously mentioned case plate flange 28, and lies generally parallel to, but spaced on the other side of the glass 64 from the base 32 of the case plate. The roll back 50 is provided with a squared opening which rcceives the usual square spindle 65 to which the outside handle 24 is connected, and preferably, and as illustrated, the handle mechanism is provided with a scissor action of the type disclosed and claimed in the Moore Patent No. 1,895,893. This scissor mechanism comprises the supplemental roll-back member 68, which is also provided with a squared opening through which the spindle 84 is projected. The squared openings in the main roll-back member 50 and in the supplemental roll-back member 86 are slightly angularly ofiset from each other, so that when the bolt 20 is projected, the action of the bolt on the roll-back 50, described below, tends to rotate the latter in a counter-clockwise direction (Fig. 3), and correspondingly tends to rotate the supplemental roll-back member 88 in the same direction. Such rotation brings the nose 68 of the roll-back 66 into abutting relation with a bridge portion associated with a deck portion 12 so that the action of the bolt on the roll back 50 causes the two roll-back members 50 and 66 to grip the spindle 55 with a scissor or wedge action. The deck portion 12 also affords a bearing for the supplemental roll-back member 66, and is conventionally secured to the case plate member 82 in spaced relation thereto.

The roll-back member 50 (Fig. 2) is provided with an upwardly struck lug portion 18, which normally is abutted by an car 18 struck inwardly from the body 30 of the bolt. With this relationship, it will be appreciated that a clockwise rotation of spindle 65, as shown in Fig. 3, causes a corresponding clockwise rotation of the rollback member 50, and causes the ear I6,as viewed in Fig. 2, to move to the right, which action, in turn, causes the bolt 20 to move to the right. Upon release of the handle 24, the spring 48 associated with the bolt again becomes effective to force the bolt 20 to the left to the projected position, as previously described.

Referring now particularly to Figs. 2, 3, and 4, the improved keeper 44 comprises generally a plate-like member adapted to be secured tothe edge of the associated door pillar, and which is provided with an upper housing member 80 and a lower housing member 82, both whereof project from the said edge of the pillar toward the rail 28 of the door, leaving between them a recessed area in which the bolt 20 may move. The upper housing part accommodates a pivotally mounted keeper element 84-, which is provided with a biasing spring 86, which continuously acts between it and the housing 00 to urge it in a clockwise direction of rotation, as viewed in Fig. 4. A limit to such rotation is afforded by providing the keeper element 84 with a tail piece 86, which is adapted, in the limiting position thereof to bear against a rubber buffer 88 or the like. The lower housing member 82 accommodates a pivotally supported safety catch 80, the nose whereof is adapted to project into the recess between the housing members 80 and 82,

for engagement by the bolt 20 during closing movement of the door. The safety catch 90 is provided with a biasing spring 82, which continuously acts against the same to urge it in a counterclockwise direction of rotation. A limit to such rotation is afforded by providing the safety catch 82 with a tail piece 94, which abuts a rubber buffer 88, or the like, in the limiting position of the latter.

In accordance with the present arrangement, the door latch and the keeper cooperate not only to hold the door in the closed position, but to produce a dovetail action, and for this purpose, the case plate is provided with an upwardly projecting bracket portion I00, which carries a dovetail member I02, as most clearly appears in Figs. 3 and 5. The upper housing member 80 and the keeper element 84, associated with the keeper 44, are adapted to be received in wedging relation between the bolt 20 and the dovetail member I02, and for this reason the upper surface I04 of the housing 80 is adapted to have sliding contact with the under surface of the dovetail member I02.

The bolt and keeper elements are shown in Fig. 4 in the fully closed position of the door, in which the nose of the keeper element 84 bears against the inner and downwardly sloped base portion 85 of the bolt, and positively prevents a leftward or door opening movement of the bolt. The camming relation between the keeper element 84 and the bolt 20 also produces a vertical reaction between these two members, which action tightly wedges the upper surface of the keeper housing 80 against the under surface of the dovetail member I02, which latter wedging action effectively prevents vertical vibrating movements of the door.

It will be understood from the foregoing description that in order to open the door, either the outside handle 24 or the inside handle 22 may be operated to retract the bolt 20. The operation of the inside handle effects the retraction of the bolt directly through the link 40, whereas the operation of the outside handle efiects the retraction of the bolt by producing the previously described rotation of the roll-back member 50, the nose I6 whereof bears against the ear 18 of the bolt. The retracting movements, as produced by either the inside or the outside handles, withdraw the bolt to the right, as viewed in Fig. 6, sufliciently far so that the end thereof clears both the keeper 84 and the safety catch 90.

During a closing movement of the door, during which the bolt 20 may be expected to occupy a projected position under the influence of the biasing spring 46, the back of the bolt engages the rear edge of the safety catch when the door reaches a partially closed position. Continued door closing movement enables the bolt 20 to cam the safety catch 80 in a clockwise disition.

rection against the force of its biasing springs 92, so that the bolt 20 ultimately passes beyond beyond the safety catch 80, enabling the latter to resume its active position (Fig. 4). As soon as this occurs, the safety catch 90 becomes effective to prevent a reopening movement of the dobr except in response to a retracting movement of the bolt, and it will be understood that the safety catch 90 is positioned relative to the keeper 64, so that it becomes efiective when; the door reaches the usual partially closed or safety po- If the door closing movement is continued past the just mentioned safety position, the back of the bolt engages the keeper 84 and cams the latter in a counterclockwise direction. Just before the door reaches the fully closed position, the bolt 20 passes beyond the nose of the keeper} 64, enabling the latter to swing in a clockwise direction under the influence of its biasing springto the holding position shown in Fig. 4, in which, in cooperation with the dovetail memberI02, it also affords the dovetail action described above.

To the extent described above, the latch and keeper are, of course, applicable to any of the doors of a vehicle. The structure specifically shown in Figs. 1 through 7, however, is particularly designed for use in connection with the right hand front door of a vehicle, to which the outside key controlled lock is usually applied.

In order to enable the locking of the door from the outside, the latch structure is provided with a key operated slide H0, which is vertically reciprocable between the previously mentioned deck 72 and the downwardly extended portion II2 of the case plate. When the door is unlocked, the slide H normally occupies the lower position thereof shown in Figs. 3 and 5, in which the upper end is out of the path of movement of the foot H4 carried by the roll-back member 50. The key operated mechanism comprises a cam H6, which may be rotated under the influence of the usual key mechanism which may be inserted, for example, in the squared spindle opening H8, so as to lift the slide H0 into a position in blocking relation to the foot H4. The cam I I6 fits into an opening I I! in the slide I I0, which is so proportioned that the slide I I0 may be raised to locking position without moving the cam H6, but also so that a clockwise rotation of the cam I I6 is effective to raise the slide IIO to locking position. When in raised position, the slide IIO prevents a clockwise or bolt retracting movement of the roll-back member 50 and thus prevents the'door from being opened by operation of the outside handle 24. The slide I I0 is yieldingly retained in either the raised or lowered position by means of a detent spring I I9.

A feature of the present invention resides in arranging the slide IIO so that it may also be raised and lowered between th locked and unlocked positions from within the vehicle and for this purpose, the slide H0 is provided with a bracket portion I (Fig. 6) which extends transversely of the lock structure to a point spaced from the base 32 .of the case plate. A control rod I22 is pivotally connected to the bracket portion I20 as by means of a pin I24, and it will --be understood that the control rod extends upwardly through the garnish mold of the associated door, and terminates in a'button I26, or the like. It will be appreciated that the button I26 normally occupies its lower position, but that upon being grasped and lifted, it lifts the slide H0 in the same manner that the same is lifted in response to operation of the cam I I6. Also, a

lifting movement of the slide H0 under the inwhen. the cam H6 is in the normal or horizontal position shown in full lines in Fig. 3. With this relation, it will be understood that in locking the door by means of a key, the key is actuated to rotate the cam I I6 in a clockwise direction through an angle of which'angle liftsthe slide H0 and then restores the key to its original position, thus restoring the cam II6 to its original position. The return movement of the cam does not affect the position of the slide, since it is held in its raised position by the detent spring I I0. Similarly, when it is desired to unlock. the door by means of a key, the latter is actuated to rotate the cam H6 in. a counterclockwise direction through a 90 angle, thus lowering the slide after which the cam H6 is restored to its normal position. Under all normal conditions, accordingly, the cam H6 occupies the horizontal position, in which it does not interfere with the upper or downward movements of the slide H0. With this relation, the locking slide may be actuated between either its unlocked or its locked position at any time by operating either the key or the inside button.

If desired, all of the vehicle doors may be provided with an outside key controlled locking mechanism of the type just described, but it is preferred to so provide only one of the doors, such as the previously mentioned right front door. The latches for the other doors are preferablyso arranged that all locking actions are controlled from the interior of the vehicle. With this arrangement in view, the structure of Figs. 8, 9 and 10 may be employed in connection with all such other doors.

The latch of Figs. 8, 9 and 10 corresponds/in all respects, to. the previously described latch of Figs. 1 through 7, in so far as concerns the arrangement of the bolt and the operation and arrangement of the inside and outside retracting mechanisms, and this relationship is indicated by the use of corresponding reference characters with the postscript a. In the arrangement of ;Figs. 8, 9 and 10, however, in order to provide for the locking of the corresponding latch from the inside of the car, the push rod I22a is connected to a slide I40, which slide is vertically reciprocable relative to the latch case plate 32a, and in its reciprocating movement is guided by the bolt supporting pin 36a and a companion pin I42. To accommodate the pins 36a and I42, the slide I40 is providedwith elongated slots I44 and I46 and it will be noted that the upper part of the slide I40 is positioned between the base of the case plate 32a and the body 30a of the'bolt. The lower part thereof is guided between the case plate 32a and a deck I 4|. A detent spring I48 is secured to the base of the case plate 32a, and the free end thereof bears against a dwell portion I50 formed at the edge of the slide I 40. The spring I46 is thus effective to yieldingly hold the slide I40 in either the lower unlocking position, shown in Fig.6, or in a raised position or locking position.

In order to adapt it for locking the latch, the

slide I40 is provided adjacent its lower end with a laterally turned flange I52, which, when the slide is elevated, lies in blocking relation to a projection I54 extending downwardly from the body 30a of the bolt. With the slide I40 in raised position, accordingly, it will be appreciated that the flange I52 blocks movement of the bolt 20a to the left, and so prevents a retracting movement of the bolt in response to either the inside or the outside handle associated with the latch.

Figs. ll, 12 and 13 disclose an embodiment of the invention characterized as employing the key controlled arrangement described with reference to Fig. 7, but arranged also to embody the inside controlled locking slide described with reference to Figs. 8, 9 and 10. In the embodiment of Figs.

11, 12 and 13, the mounting and arrangement ofthe bolt, and the arrangement thereof whereby the same may be normally retracted by operation of either the inside or the outside handle is the same as described with reference to Figs. 1 through '7, which relationship is indicated by the use of corresponding reference characters with the addition of the subscript b. A locking slide, designated I60, is slidably guided in a case plate in a manner similar to that described with reference to slide I40. In this instance. however, the slide I60, instead of being arranged to block retracting movement of the bolt, is arranged, in conjunction with the key controlled mechanism comprising the cam I62, to rotate a dogging member I64 into blocking relation to a tail piece I66 formed on the outside roll-back member 50b. More particularly, the lower end of the slide I60 is connected to a downwardly extending member I68, which is pivotally connected at its lower end, by means of a pin I10, to one arm I12 of a U- shaped connecting member I14. The other arm I16 of the U-shaped connecting member I14 extends upwardly and at its upper end is guided by a pin I18, which is supported by a deck portion I80, which extends from the case plate portion 62b. The pin I18 rides in an elongated slot I82 formed in the arm I16. Adjacent its upper end, the arm I16 is provided with a laterally turned flange I84, which is provided with a notch I86, to receive one arm I88 of the previously mentioned bell crank shaped dogging member I64. The dogging member I64 is pivotally mounted between the deck I80 and the base 32b of the case plate by means of the previously mentioned pin I18. With this relationship, it will be understood that an upward movement of the arm I16, rotates the dogging member I64 in a counter-clockwise direction from the unlocking position, shown in Fig. 11, to a locked position in which the nose I65 lies in blocking relation to the tail piece I66 of the roll-back member 50b.

The upward movement of the arm I16 may be caused, as will be evident, by means of the push rod I22b, through the previously mentioned connecting member I66, and it may also be caused by the external key controlling cam I62. The cam I62 is suitably journaled for rotative movement between the deck 12b and the downwardly projecting portion IIZb of the case plate, and may be rotated by means of a suitable handle or the like (not shown) inserted in the squared opening I90 provided in the body thereof. The cam I62 rides in an opening I92 provided therefor at the lower end of the arm I16, and, as described with reference to Figs. 1 through '7, a clockwise rotation of the cam I62 causes a lifting movement of the arm I16 and a consequent rotation of the dog I64. A reverse rotation of the cam I82, in turn, restores the arm I16 to the unlocked position.

In the embodiment of the invention described with reference to Figs. 1 through 7, it will be appreciated that the key controlled door may be locked either by operation of the inside controlled push rod, or by operation of the key mechanism, while the door is in a closed condition, and thereafter, without disturbing the lock condition, the bolt may be retracted as by operation of the inside handle. This operating arrangement is in line with certain commercial preferences, but in meeting other commercial preferences, it is found that provision should be made so that a retracting movement of the bolt restores the locking mechanism to unlocked condition. Such an arrangement is illustrated in Figs. 14 and 15, wherein the latch structure may correspond in all respects to the arrangement described with reference to Figs. 1 through 7, which relationship is indicated by the use of corresponding reference characters with the subscript c." In this arrangement, the locking rod I220 is provided with an offset or shouldered portion 200, which in the unlocked position thereof, lies below and beyond the range of movement of a kick-off lever 202, which is pivotally supported on the latch by means of the previously mentioned pin 540 associated with the roll-back 500. The kick-off lever 202 is provided with an offset seat 204, which lies in the path of movement of a downwardly extending part 206 of the bolt 200. With this relation, it will be understood that a retracting movement of the bolt causes the portion 206 to bear against the seat 204 and rotate the latter in a clockwise direction against the force "of the biasing spring 208. With the locking rod I220 in the raised position shown in Figs. 14 and 15, this clockwise rotation of the kick-off lever brings a flange 2I0 formed at the end thereof downwardly into engagement with the shoulder 200 formed in the rod I220, and enables the lever 202 to move the rod I 220 downwardly from the locked position to the unlocked position. With this arrangement, it will be appreciated that a retracting movement of the bolt while the parts are in locked condition restores the locking elements to the unlocked condition thereof.

Although only several specific embodiments of the invention have been described in detail, it will be appreciated that various modifications in the form, number, and arrangement of parts may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. In a latch, the combination of a case plate, a bolt member slidably guided upon said case plate and means for retracting the same, a slide member interposed between the base of the case plate and the bolt, means for operating the slide, and means carried by the slide and movable into blocking relation to the bolt so as to prevent retraction thereof.

2. In a latch of the around-the-glass type having a case plate, the base whereof is disposed at oneside of the glass and a flange portion whereof is disposed at the other side of the glass, a bolt, a retracting member operative to retract the bolt, a slide movably guided upon the base of the case plate, key operated means carried by the flange portion, and means common to said slide and said key operated means and supported on said flange portion for rendering said retracting member ineffective to retract the bolt.

3. In a latch of the around-the-glass type having a case plate, the base whereof is disposed at one side of the glass and a flange portion whereof is disposed at the other side of the glass, a bolt, a retracting member operative to retract the bolt, a slide movably guided upon the base of the case plate, key operated means carried by the flange portion, means inter-connecting said slide and said key operated means, and a pivotally mounted locking member actuable by said interconnecting means into blocking relation-to said retracting means.

4. In a latch mechanism a movably mounted bolt arranged to operatively engage an associated keeper to hold associated closure members in predetermined position, retracting means operatively coupled to said bolt and movable to render said bolt ineffective to so hold said members, a

locking member movable between a retracted position and a locking position in which it blocks said movement of said retracting means, key controlled means operable to move said locking member from either of said positions to the other said position, and an additional manually operable control effective to move said locking member from at least one of said positions to the other position.

5. In a latch mechanism for a door, a movably mounted bolt carried by the door and arranged to operatively engage an associated keeper to hold the door in the closed position, retracting means operatively coupled to said bolt and movable to render said bolt ineifective to so hold said door, a locking member movable between a retracted position and a locking position in which it blocks said movement of said retracting means, key controlled means operable from one side of said door to move said locking member from either of said positions to the other said position, and an additional manually operable control operable from the inside of said door to move said locking member from at least one of said positions to the other position.

6. In a latch mechanism for a door, a movably mounted bolt carried by the door and arranged to operatively engage an associated keeper to hold the door in the closed position, retracting means operatively coupled to said bolt and movable to render said bolt ineffective to so hold said door, a locking member movable between a retracted position and a locking position in which it blocks said movement of said retracting means, key controlled means operable from one side oi! said door to move said locking member from either of said positions to the other said position, an additional manually operable control operable from the inside of said door to move said locking member from at least one of said positions to the other position, and means operated by movement of said bolt for restoring said locking member to the retracted position.

7. In a latch mechanism for a door, a movably mounted bolt carried by the door and arranged to operatively engage an associated keeper to hold the door in the closed position, retracting means operatively coupled to said bolt and movable to render said bolt ineffective to so hold said door, a locking member movable between a retracted position and a locking position in which it blocks said movement of said retracting means, key controlled means operable from 0' 1e side of said door to move said locking member from either of said positions to the other said position, and means operated by movement of said bolt for restoring said locking member to the retracted position.

ROLLO MARPLE.

US301025A 1939-10-24 1939-10-24 Latching device Expired - Lifetime US2276325A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2529421A (en) * 1945-07-25 1950-11-07 Chrysler Corp Lock
US2569045A (en) * 1946-10-26 1951-09-25 Waldemar A Endter Latching mechanism for closures
US2673757A (en) * 1948-03-10 1954-03-30 Hancock Mfg Company Take-up latching mechanism
US2689759A (en) * 1951-04-09 1954-09-21 Waldemar A Endter Door latching mechanism
US20060145513A1 (en) * 2005-01-03 2006-07-06 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Automotive door assembly

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2529421A (en) * 1945-07-25 1950-11-07 Chrysler Corp Lock
US2569045A (en) * 1946-10-26 1951-09-25 Waldemar A Endter Latching mechanism for closures
US2673757A (en) * 1948-03-10 1954-03-30 Hancock Mfg Company Take-up latching mechanism
US2689759A (en) * 1951-04-09 1954-09-21 Waldemar A Endter Door latching mechanism
US20060145513A1 (en) * 2005-01-03 2006-07-06 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Automotive door assembly
US7090285B2 (en) * 2005-01-03 2006-08-15 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Automotive door assembly

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