US2271180A - Packing and cushioning element - Google Patents

Packing and cushioning element Download PDF

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Publication number
US2271180A
US2271180A US27500239A US2271180A US 2271180 A US2271180 A US 2271180A US 27500239 A US27500239 A US 27500239A US 2271180 A US2271180 A US 2271180A
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Prior art keywords
packing
bodies
flexible
folded
thin
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Delwin A Brugger
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Delwin A Brugger
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D65/00Wrappers or flexible covers; Packaging materials of special type or form
    • B65D65/38Packaging materials of special type or form
    • B65D65/44Applications of resilient shock-absorbing materials, e.g. foamed plastics material, honeycomb material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24174Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including sheet or component perpendicular to plane of web or sheet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24355Continuous and nonuniform or irregular surface on layer or component [e.g., roofing, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24446Wrinkled, creased, crinkled or creped
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31971Of carbohydrate
    • Y10T428/31975Of cellulosic next to another carbohydrate
    • Y10T428/31978Cellulosic next to another cellulosic
    • Y10T428/31982Wood or paper

Description

Jan. 2 7, 1942. D. A. BRUGGER PACKING AND CUS'HIONING ELEMENT Filed May 22, 1939 Patented Jan. 27, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT CFFICE PACKING AND GUSHIONING ELEMENT Delwin A. Brugger, Los Angeles, Calif.

Application May 22, `1939, Serial No. 275,002 4 claims. (01.154454) My invention relates to a packing and cushioning element and has for its principal object, the provision of a relatively simple, practical and inexpensive element composed principally of thin, flexiblematerial that is cut, arranged and associated With a facing sheet of thin, flexible mate rial, so as to provide a packing sheet having a substantial degree of resiliency and consequently producing cushioning and protective effects while in use for packing and protective purposes.

A further object of my invention is, to provide a highly effective packing element thatis inexpensive of manufacture, thus enabling the product to be economically used for the packing and protection of furniture, bric-a-brac, glass and chinaware, and other fragile articles, when the same are packed for transportation.

A further object of my invention is, to provide a. packing element of the character referred to that may be advantageously used as an underlying pad or lining for floor covers, such as carpets and rugs, in `which either the lining or pad is treated so as to provide effective protection against moths and other insects.

A further object of my invention is, to provid a packing and cushioning element wherein ythe main body thereof may be manufactured from waste material, for instance, discarded newspapers, magazines, or the like. Y

A further object of my invention is,fto provide a flexible resilient element that may be utilized as an inexpensive and effective insulation against sound and varying temperatures.

With the foregoing and other objects in View,

kmy invention consists in certain novel features of construction and arrangement of parts that will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a strip of thin, flexible material having a portion crimped and folded to form the main body portion of the packing element.

Fig. 2 is a plan view of a portion o f a packing element constructed in accordance with my invention. 1

Fig. 3 is an elevational View of a portion of the element with the crimped and folded member applied to one side of a facing or backing sheet.

Fig. 4 is a side elevational view of a modified construction wherein the crimped, flexible members are applied to both sides of a sheet of thin, exible material.

Fig. 5 is an elevational view of a modified construction wherein the folded and crimped strips are arranged between two facing 'sheets of thin,

flexible material.

In the production of my improved packing product, narrow strips of uniform Width are produced from thin, exiblematerial, such as paper, Cellophane, or in some instances fabric, and, these strips are crimped andfolded transversely so as to produce substantially rectangular sections II that are compacted or pressedA against eachother so as to produce an elongated flexible body I2 and which latterhas uniform Width and height throughout its length.

These bodies of crimped andfoldedmaterial may be produced in any suitable manner and by the use of suitable mechanism, for instance, sheets of paper or other thin, exible material, may be-cut into narrow strips and at rthe time the strips are formed, or immediately thereafter, they are crimped and' folded to formxthe elongated rectangularA bodiescomposed of the layers or sections II. n

For all practical purposes in cushioning furniture, bric-a-brac, and the like, that is being packed for storage or transportation, I prefer to form these flexible members with cross sectional dimensions of approximately a quarteror fivesixteenths of an inch and with a length of from four to ten inches. l

After the bodies I 2 have been'formed, they are applied to a flat facing or backing sheet I3, .preferably thin, iiexible material, such as paper,;light weight cardboard, fabric, or the like, withthe cut edges'on the lower'.ends of the sections. Il, or the edges that contact kwith `the sheet I3, 'secured thereto by suitable adhesive, preferably water-proof glue.

The bodies of crimped and folded material-may be placed on the backing or facing sheetin' predetermined regular arrangement, although TI 1 prefer to place said bodies yon the sheet in irregular or hit andimliss arrangement, so as to more effectively resistY strains l, resulting from. pressure and whichwould otherwise tend to crush the folded strips.

Thus when the elongated flexible bodies of folded material are mounted on the facing or backing sheet, the edges at the lower ends of the bodies are secured to the sheet and the edges at the upper ends of said bodies and which are exposed, lie immediately adjacent each other and combine to form the exposed surface of the complete packing elemen-t. When so arranged, the connected side edges of the sections II are disposed at right angles to the upper and lower edges of said sections andlikewise at right angles to the backing sheetl I3 to which the elongated flexible bodies are secured.

Thus when a large number of the bodies com-- prising the folded strips are applied to a facing or backing sheet, the resulting structure produces a thick, flexible, resilient sheet that may be effectively used as a packing wrapper for furniture, bric-a-brac, glass and chinaware, or in fact all fragile articles, that are packed for transportation and also as a protective covering for large heavy articles of furniture having finished surfaces that must necessarily be protected while in storage or transit.

The layer formed by the flexible bodies when applied to a backing sheet as illustrated in Fig. 2, provides a highly effective packing due to the fact that it is soft, flexible, and to a certain degree elastic, and at the same time its resistance to crushing strains or pressure that tends to flatten the bodies against the backing strip is ofconsiderable degree due to the fact that the connected vertical edges of the sections Il or the lines of fold of the strip of flexible material forming the body, provides the desiredreinforcement against pressures that are directed from the outer face of the backing sheet through the packing layer to the object or `article that is covered thereby.

In Fig. 3 I have shown the crimped and folded strips applied to only one side of a backing or facing sheet and, in Fig. 4 the crimped and folded strips are applied to both sides of an intermediate flexible sheet, thus forming a protective packing element of double thickness.

In Fig. 5 I have shown the crimped and folded strips positioned between and secured to a pair of facing sheets and, this latter structure may be employed in the production of lining elements placed beneath iioor covers, such as carpets, rugs, and the like, for producing cushioning effects and minimizing wear on both the carpet or rug and the floor on which it is laid. I

Where the linings are produced for use beneath floor coverings, they may be treated with suitable chemicals to render them proof against moths and other insects. Y

By utilizing waste paper, such as discarded newspapers, magazines, and the like, in the production of the crimped and folded strips, my improved packing may be very economically manufactured and, as the crimped sections Il of the strip are disposed endwise on the backing or facing sheet or sheets, the packing or lining in addition to having a marked degree of resiliency is highly effective in resisting strains resulting from heavy pressures.

Thus it will be seen that I have provided a packing and cushioning element that is relatively simple in construction, inexpensive of manufacture, and very effective in performing the functions for which it is intended.

It will be understood that minor changes in the size, form and construction of the various parts of my improved packing and cushioning element, may be made and substituted for those herein shown and described, without departing from the spirit of my invention, the scope of which is set forth in the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. A packing and cushioning element comprising a backing sheet of thin, exible material and a plurality of elongated resilient flexible bodies secured to said backing sheet, each of which bodies is composed of a zigzag folded narrow strip `of thin, flexible material, the upper and lower fold portions connecting successive, similar rectangular sections which will be substantially at right angles to said backing sheet, the upper exposed fold portions of the folded strips being adapted to resist applied crushing pressure.

2. A packing and cushioning element comprising a backing sheet of thin, flexible material, a plurality of elongated resilient flexible bodies secured to said backing sheet, each of which bodies is composed of a zigzag folded narrow strip of thin, flexible material, the upper and lower fold portions connecting successive, similar rectangular sections which will be substantially at right angles to said backing sheet, the upper exposed fold portionsl of the folded strips being adapted to resist applied crushing pressurek and which bodies of crimped and folded strips of exible material are disposed in irregular compacted arrangement on said backing sheet.

3. A packing and cushioning element comprising a backing sheet of thin, flexible material and a plurality of elongated resilient flexible bodies secured to both sides of said backing sheet, each of Whichbodies is composed of a zigzag folded narrow strip of thin, flexible material, the upper and lower fold portions connecting successive, similar rectangular sections which will be substantially at right angles to said backing sheet, the upper exposed fold portions of the folded strips (being adapted to resist applied crushing pressure.

4. A packing and cushioning element comprising a backing sheet of thin, flexible material, a plurality of elongated resilient flexible bodies secured to both sides of said backing sheet, each of which bodies is composed of a zigzag folded narrow strip of thin, flexible material, the upper and lower fold portions connecting successive, similar rectangular sections which will be substantially at right angles to said backing sheet, the upper exposed fold portions of the folded strips being adapted toresist applied crushing pressure and which bodies of crimped and folded strips of `flexible material are disposed in irregular compacted arrangement on said backing sheet.

rDELWIN A. BRUGGER..

US2271180A 1939-05-22 1939-05-22 Packing and cushioning element Expired - Lifetime US2271180A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2537026A (en) * 1948-01-08 1951-01-09 Delwin A Brugger Device for forming flexible packing and cushioning elements
EP0497882A1 (en) * 1989-11-02 1992-08-12 Eco Pack Ind Inc Resilient packing product.
US5403259A (en) * 1989-11-02 1995-04-04 Ranpak Corp. Resilient packing product and method and apparatus for making same
US5656008A (en) * 1992-03-31 1997-08-12 Ranpak Corp. Method and apparatus for making an improved resilient packing product
US5712020A (en) * 1990-06-14 1998-01-27 Ranpak Corp. Resilient packing product and method and apparatus for making the same
US5851609A (en) * 1996-02-27 1998-12-22 Truseal Technologies, Inc. Preformed flexible laminate
US5906569A (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-05-25 Ranpak Corp. Conversion machine and method for making folded strips
US5992637A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-11-30 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US6532721B1 (en) * 1997-07-23 2003-03-18 Southpac Trust Int'l., Inc. Method of packaging an article
US20050227025A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2005-10-13 Baratuci James L Continuous flexible spacer assembly having sealant support member
US20060247114A1 (en) * 2005-04-28 2006-11-02 Maccollum Govig Michele Packing structure and method of manufacture thereof
EP1958889A2 (en) * 2007-02-16 2008-08-20 Giorgio De Riso Structure for dissipating impact energy
US20120240526A1 (en) * 2001-08-21 2012-09-27 Weder Donald E Container assemblies having collapsible and erectable containers containing a packaging material and methods of production and use thereof
US9068297B2 (en) 2012-11-16 2015-06-30 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Expansion joint system
US9528262B2 (en) 2008-11-20 2016-12-27 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Fire and water resistant expansion joint system
US9631362B2 (en) 2008-11-20 2017-04-25 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Precompressed water and/or fire resistant tunnel expansion joint systems, and transitions
US9637915B1 (en) 2008-11-20 2017-05-02 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Factory fabricated precompressed water and/or fire resistant expansion joint system transition
US9670666B1 (en) 2008-11-20 2017-06-06 Emseal Joint Sytstems Ltd. Fire and water resistant expansion joint system
US9689158B1 (en) 2009-03-24 2017-06-27 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Fire and water resistant expansion and seismic joint system
US9689157B1 (en) 2009-03-24 2017-06-27 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Fire and water resistant expansion and seismic joint system
US9739050B1 (en) 2011-10-14 2017-08-22 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Flexible expansion joint seal system

Cited By (47)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2537026A (en) * 1948-01-08 1951-01-09 Delwin A Brugger Device for forming flexible packing and cushioning elements
EP0497882A1 (en) * 1989-11-02 1992-08-12 Eco Pack Ind Inc Resilient packing product.
EP0497882A4 (en) * 1989-11-02 1993-04-07 Eco-Pack Industries, Inc. Resilient packing product
US5403259A (en) * 1989-11-02 1995-04-04 Ranpak Corp. Resilient packing product and method and apparatus for making same
US5573491A (en) * 1989-11-02 1996-11-12 Ranpak Corp. Method and apparatus for producing a resilient product
US5712020A (en) * 1990-06-14 1998-01-27 Ranpak Corp. Resilient packing product and method and apparatus for making the same
US5871432A (en) * 1992-03-31 1999-02-16 Ranpak Corp. Method and apparatus for making an improved resilient packing product
US5656008A (en) * 1992-03-31 1997-08-12 Ranpak Corp. Method and apparatus for making an improved resilient packing product
US5921907A (en) * 1992-03-31 1999-07-13 Ranpak Corp. Method and apparatus for making an improved resilient packing product
US6355328B1 (en) 1996-02-27 2002-03-12 Truseal Technologies, Inc. Preformed flexible laminate
US5851609A (en) * 1996-02-27 1998-12-22 Truseal Technologies, Inc. Preformed flexible laminate
US20080060973A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2008-03-13 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US6189699B1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2001-02-20 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging Material
US5992637A (en) * 1997-07-14 1999-11-30 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Packaging material
US20110108454A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2011-05-12 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US20100108563A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2010-05-06 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US6561356B2 (en) 1997-07-14 2003-05-13 Southpac Trust Int'l., Inc. Packaging material
US20050121355A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2005-06-09 Weder Donald E. Packaging material
US20100176023A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2010-07-15 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US20060000744A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2006-01-05 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US20080179212A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2008-07-31 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US20110186474A1 (en) * 1997-07-14 2011-08-04 Weder Donald E Packaging material
US6532721B1 (en) * 1997-07-23 2003-03-18 Southpac Trust Int'l., Inc. Method of packaging an article
US6546701B2 (en) * 1997-07-23 2003-04-15 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Package and method of packaging
US5906569A (en) * 1997-09-30 1999-05-25 Ranpak Corp. Conversion machine and method for making folded strips
US20050227025A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2005-10-13 Baratuci James L Continuous flexible spacer assembly having sealant support member
US7493739B2 (en) * 2000-10-20 2009-02-24 Truseal Technologies, Inc. Continuous flexible spacer assembly having sealant support member
US20090223150A1 (en) * 2000-10-20 2009-09-10 Truseal Technologies, Inc. Continuous flexible spacer assembly having sealant support member
US8230661B2 (en) * 2000-10-20 2012-07-31 Truseal Technologies, Inc. Continuous flexible spacer assembly having sealant support member
US7877958B2 (en) * 2000-10-20 2011-02-01 Truseal Technologies, Inc. Continuous flexible spacer assembly having sealant support member
US9211974B2 (en) * 2001-08-21 2015-12-15 Wanda M. Weder & William F. Straeter Container assemblies having collapsible and erectable containers containing a packaging material and methods of production and use thereof
US20120240526A1 (en) * 2001-08-21 2012-09-27 Weder Donald E Container assemblies having collapsible and erectable containers containing a packaging material and methods of production and use thereof
US20060247114A1 (en) * 2005-04-28 2006-11-02 Maccollum Govig Michele Packing structure and method of manufacture thereof
US8348822B1 (en) 2005-04-28 2013-01-08 Govig Michele Maccollum Method of manufacturing packing structure
US8123666B2 (en) * 2005-04-28 2012-02-28 Govig Michele Maccollum Packing structure
EP1958889A3 (en) * 2007-02-16 2013-05-22 Riso Giorgio De Structure for dissipating impact energy
EP1958889A2 (en) * 2007-02-16 2008-08-20 Giorgio De Riso Structure for dissipating impact energy
US9644368B1 (en) 2008-11-20 2017-05-09 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Fire and water resistant expansion joint system
US9670666B1 (en) 2008-11-20 2017-06-06 Emseal Joint Sytstems Ltd. Fire and water resistant expansion joint system
US9631362B2 (en) 2008-11-20 2017-04-25 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Precompressed water and/or fire resistant tunnel expansion joint systems, and transitions
US9637915B1 (en) 2008-11-20 2017-05-02 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Factory fabricated precompressed water and/or fire resistant expansion joint system transition
US9528262B2 (en) 2008-11-20 2016-12-27 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Fire and water resistant expansion joint system
US9689158B1 (en) 2009-03-24 2017-06-27 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Fire and water resistant expansion and seismic joint system
US9689157B1 (en) 2009-03-24 2017-06-27 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Fire and water resistant expansion and seismic joint system
US9739050B1 (en) 2011-10-14 2017-08-22 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Flexible expansion joint seal system
US9068297B2 (en) 2012-11-16 2015-06-30 Emseal Joint Systems Ltd. Expansion joint system
US9963872B2 (en) 2012-11-16 2018-05-08 Emseal Joint Systems LTD Expansion joint system

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