US2269646A - Ground anchor - Google Patents

Ground anchor Download PDF

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Publication number
US2269646A
US2269646A US344953A US34495340A US2269646A US 2269646 A US2269646 A US 2269646A US 344953 A US344953 A US 344953A US 34495340 A US34495340 A US 34495340A US 2269646 A US2269646 A US 2269646A
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United States
Prior art keywords
anchor
cap
shell
end
tube
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Expired - Lifetime
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US344953A
Inventor
James P Burke
Original Assignee
John W Greene
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Priority to US344953A priority Critical patent/US2269646A/en
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Publication of US2269646A publication Critical patent/US2269646A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads
    • E02D5/80Ground anchors
    • E02D5/806Ground anchors involving use of explosives

Description

Jan. 13, J. P BURKE GROUND ANCHOR Filed July ll, 1940 ATTORNEY.

Patented Jan. 13, 1942 OFFICE GROUND ANCHOR `lames P. Burke, Knoxville, Tenn., assigner of one-half to John W. Greene, Knoxville, Tenn.

Application July 11, 1940, Serial No. 344,953

4 Claims.

This invention relates to a ground anchor or so-called dead man and has for its primary object to provide an improved means for anchoring stay cables such as are used in conjunction with telegraph, telephone and power poles, bridge cables, and for such other uses as require the anchoring of a cable or similar means to the ground.

Use of many types of conventional ground anchore, such as some of those having hinged wing-like portions, requires that a hole be dug in order to enable placement of the anchor beneath the surface of the ground, and this hole must be large enough to permit expanding of the wing-like portions after placement of the ranchor. After the anchor is so placed it is necessary to replace the soil and tamp it rmly in place. This method of placing the anchor requires considerable labor and in addition it is found that results are not satisfactory because of the fact that the soil has been disturbed and an excessive pull on the anchor will cause loosening thereof. This invention has for its object to provide a ground anchor which avoids the objections above mentioned by avoiding the necessity of digging a hole and thereby eliminating any tendency for loosening of the anchor because of the presence of disturbed soil.

More specically, the object is to provide an anchor which may be driven into the ground by means of a sledge hammer or the like, and means for expanding a portion of the anchor after it has been driven into the ground to prevent its removal therefrom. The means for expanding the anchor comprises a tubular body weakened in predetermined regions and means for ring an explosive charge in this region in such manner that a high internal pressure is developed and expansion of the weakened portion of the tube results.

Other objects and advantages will become more fully apparent as reference is made to the accompanying drawing wherein my invention is illustrated, and in which Fig. 1 is an elevation of the anchor, prior to expansion thereof,

Fig. 2 is a section of the anchor, with the driving member inserted therein,

Fig. 3 is a section illustrating the explosive charge supporting and exploding means,

Fig. 4 is an elevation of the anchor in an expanded condition, and

Fig. 5 is a section illustrating a modified means for supporting and exploding an explosive charge.

The anchor comprises an elongate metal tube I having a pointed metal nose 2 welded thereto. The tube is weakened adjacent the nose 2 by formation of a multiplicity of grooves 3 or sawcuts, extending in parallel relationship, and in the direction of the length of the tube. At its other end the tube has external threads 4.

The anchor is driven into the ground by inserting a metal rod 5 into the tube I and into contact with the ilat end 6 of the nose member 2, and then striking the rod with a Sledge hammer or the like. The anchor could, of course, be driven int-o the ground by striking the end of the tube, but this would very likely injure the screwthreaded end of the tube.

After the anchor is inserted in the ground a cap 6 is screwed onto its upper end. The cap 6 has an elongate tubular extension 'I integral therewith. Welded in the lower end of the extension 'I is a body 8 having an axial bore 9 slidably receiving a ring pin` I0. The ring pin extends upwardly through. an axial` bore IVI in the cap 6 and has a headV I2 secured upon its upper extremity by a pin I3. A spring I4 isinterposed between the cap 6 and the head I2 and urges movement of the firing pin upwardly and normally maintains a collar I5 on the firing pin in contact with the lower sideof the cap 6.

The body 8 has a screwthreaded portion I6 receiving and removably supporting a shell supporting member I1 having a bore I8 for receiving a metal portion I9 of a shell 20, and a shoulder 2| for engaging a flange 22 on the upper end of the shell. The shell 20 may be imagined as being similar to a conventional percussion type,

paper shot-gun shell, but without projectiles, of course.

To expand the anchor the head I2 is struck by a hammer or the like, thereby causing the firing pin to strike the percussion cap 24 and the latter to explode the shell. The forces created by the explosion are entirely conned in the tube I which, therefore, expands in its weakest region. The tube in its expanded condition is illustrated in Fig. 4, wherein it is illustrated that the metal of the tube separates along the weakened lines 3. Greater or lesser separation can be obtained by varying the amount of explosive in the charge.

After the tube I has been expanded the cap 6 and complete ring mechanism is removed and a cap 25 is screwed onto the upper end of the tube. The cap 25 has an eye 26 or some other suitable means for attachment of a cable or the like thereto.

In Fig. 5 there is illustrated a tubular anchor 3B constructed identical to the anchor i. In the lower end of the tube 3i) is welded an internally threaded sleeve 3| into which the shell holder 32 is screwed. The shell holder 32 is screwed onto the lower end of an elongate ring pin support 33, and the metal flange yportion 34 of a shell 35 is clamped between a shoulder 36 in the shell holder 32 and the lower end of the firing pin support 33. 3'! therein and a finger 38 slidably mounted on the ring pin support engages in this groove to retain the shell holder against rotation. For replacement of a shell the finger 38 is moved out of engagement with the groove 3T so that the shell holder Ymay be unscrewed from the iring pin support.

In the support 33 is a firing pin 3S having a head 4i) on its `upper end and a spring lli is interposed between the head 49 and the upper end of the iiring pin support to normally hold the lower end of the ring pin spaced from the percussion cap of the shell 35. The shell 35 is ex-' ploded by striking the head 6d' with a hammer, and its explosion'causes expansion of the tube E@ in a manner identical to that described in connection with the tube l.

In the rst described form .the entire tubular anchor is subjected to the pressure of the eX-y plosion, whereas in the second described form only the lower portion is subjected to the pressure. Therefore, in the second form it is not essential that the tube be weakened by grooves such as shown at 3, However, weakening of the tube is preferred because it results in more uniform expansion.

Although specific embodiments of the invention have been illustrated and described, it will be understood that various changes may be made within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit of the invention, and such changes are contemplated.

What is claimed is:

1. An explosive holder for a ground anchor comprising an elongate tubular member having a cap on one end adapted to be secured to a ground anchor to seal the same, a removable shell holder on the other end of said tubular member adapted to receive an explosive shell of the per- The shell holder 32 has a groover lar extension on said cap adapted to be supported thereby within the ground anchor, a firing pin guide on the other end of said extension, a iiring pin having one end slidably disposed in said guide and its other end extended through said cap, means for securing an explosive shell on the lower end of said guide for engagement by the adjacent endof said ring pin, and a spring yieldingly holding said ring'pin retracted and spaced from an explosive so held.

3.. AAn explosive holder for a ground anchor comprising a cap adapted to be secured on the upper end of a ground anchor, an elongate tubular extension on said cap adapted to be supported thereby within the ground anchor, a ring pin guide on the other end of said extension, a ring pin having one end slidably disposed in said guide and its other end extended through said cap, a shell supporting member removably secured at the end of said extension for supporting an explosive shell adjacent thel end oi said firing pin, and a spring yieldingly holding said ring pin in a retracted position.

4. An explosive holder for aground anchor, comprising a cap adapted to be secured on the lupper end of a ground anchor, said cap having a tubular extension extending axially thereof and adapted to be supported by said cap in a position extending into the ground anchor on which the cap is to be secured, anringpin guide in the lower end of said extension, a iiring pin received in said guide and extending upwardly through the extension and said cap, means on said ring pin for engaging said cap to restrict upward movement of the firing pin at a point where the lower end is in said guide, a spring yieldingly holding said firing pin in its upper position, and means for securing an explosive shell on said guide For engagement by the firing pin.

JAMES P. BURKE.

US344953A 1940-07-11 1940-07-11 Ground anchor Expired - Lifetime US2269646A (en)

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US344953A US2269646A (en) 1940-07-11 1940-07-11 Ground anchor

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2468729A (en) * 1945-10-05 1949-05-03 Eric A Black Anchorage
US2631435A (en) * 1950-05-05 1953-03-17 John P Emshwiller Bearing pile
US2914983A (en) * 1953-12-09 1959-12-01 Olin Mathieson Explosively driven fastener having axially collapsible radially expandable locking sleeve
US3115226A (en) * 1960-03-31 1963-12-24 Jr Jesse C Thompson Anchor apparatus
US3141534A (en) * 1960-08-17 1964-07-21 James M Dunston Inflatable ground anchor
US3148577A (en) * 1962-02-27 1964-09-15 Edward W Parsons Rock bolt anchored by explosive forming
US3154042A (en) * 1962-06-06 1964-10-27 Aerojet General Co Embedment anchor
US3222842A (en) * 1963-01-15 1965-12-14 Harvey Aluminum Inc Method for installing cemented anchors
US3228153A (en) * 1962-07-02 1966-01-11 Harvey Aluminum Inc Explosive actuated anchor
US3233415A (en) * 1962-09-12 1966-02-08 Harvey Aluminum Inc Apparatus for explosively installing anchors
US3305985A (en) * 1965-07-20 1967-02-28 Hollie T Dean Fence post with driving and anchoring means
US3378967A (en) * 1964-01-21 1968-04-23 Baumeister Wolfgang Marker for underground marking of measuring points
DE1484484B1 (en) * 1964-04-17 1971-03-25 Harvey Aluminum Inc A method for producing a basic anchor and ground anchor for carrying out this method
DE2633139A1 (en) * 1976-07-23 1978-01-26 Hubert Eichele Spacer for rock anchor - with pear-shaped body of hard PVC with tubular ends
FR2481725A2 (en) * 1979-01-26 1981-11-06 Travocean Sarl Explosive spike driving device for land or sea - has breech on top containing gas expansion chamber and cartridge above retaining disc
EP0039654A2 (en) * 1980-05-05 1981-11-11 TRAVOCEAN Société à Responsabilité Limitée dite Pyrotechnic device for anchoring piles or similar objects in the soil
US4511296A (en) * 1983-03-16 1985-04-16 Invocas, Inc. Anchor bolt with mechanical keys deployed by internal pressurization
US4546563A (en) * 1982-09-20 1985-10-15 Amburn Raymond D Method and apparatus for killing earth-burrowing insects
US5419658A (en) * 1993-10-05 1995-05-30 Wayne DeWitt Thin-walled pipe driving method for forming piles
USRE35133E (en) * 1991-04-30 1995-12-26 Sign Post Products, Inc. Channel sign post socket and method of installing sign post
US5820321A (en) * 1993-04-05 1998-10-13 Gd-Anker Gruber-Duebel-Anker Gmbh Expansion plug with tensioning member and two expansion tubes
US5992103A (en) * 1995-04-11 1999-11-30 Norman; Torbjorn Method and device for performing ground anchorage
US20040136788A1 (en) * 2001-06-04 2004-07-15 Hindle David John Rock bolt and method of use
US6969220B2 (en) * 2003-04-24 2005-11-29 Black & Decker Inc. Wall anchor for a screw, and assembly constituted by such a wall anchor and a screw
US20050265790A1 (en) * 2004-05-26 2005-12-01 Ciro Pasini Explosive-loaded ground anchor assembly
WO2007022613A1 (en) * 2005-08-26 2007-03-01 Implo Technologies Inc. Explosive-loaded ground anchor assembly
US20080271388A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-11-06 Norwood Industries Pty Ltd Anchoring stake
CN103774651A (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-07 兰州大学 Olive-shaped anti-slip key grouted anchoring supporting blasting anchor rod
CN103774654A (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-07 兰州大学 Olive-shaped anti-slip key grouted anchoring supporting blasting tube type anchor rod
US20160363151A1 (en) * 2014-02-24 2016-12-15 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Chemical wall plug

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2468729A (en) * 1945-10-05 1949-05-03 Eric A Black Anchorage
US2631435A (en) * 1950-05-05 1953-03-17 John P Emshwiller Bearing pile
US2914983A (en) * 1953-12-09 1959-12-01 Olin Mathieson Explosively driven fastener having axially collapsible radially expandable locking sleeve
US3115226A (en) * 1960-03-31 1963-12-24 Jr Jesse C Thompson Anchor apparatus
US3141534A (en) * 1960-08-17 1964-07-21 James M Dunston Inflatable ground anchor
US3148577A (en) * 1962-02-27 1964-09-15 Edward W Parsons Rock bolt anchored by explosive forming
US3154042A (en) * 1962-06-06 1964-10-27 Aerojet General Co Embedment anchor
US3228153A (en) * 1962-07-02 1966-01-11 Harvey Aluminum Inc Explosive actuated anchor
US3233415A (en) * 1962-09-12 1966-02-08 Harvey Aluminum Inc Apparatus for explosively installing anchors
US3222842A (en) * 1963-01-15 1965-12-14 Harvey Aluminum Inc Method for installing cemented anchors
US3378967A (en) * 1964-01-21 1968-04-23 Baumeister Wolfgang Marker for underground marking of measuring points
DE1484484B1 (en) * 1964-04-17 1971-03-25 Harvey Aluminum Inc A method for producing a basic anchor and ground anchor for carrying out this method
US3305985A (en) * 1965-07-20 1967-02-28 Hollie T Dean Fence post with driving and anchoring means
DE2633139A1 (en) * 1976-07-23 1978-01-26 Hubert Eichele Spacer for rock anchor - with pear-shaped body of hard PVC with tubular ends
FR2481725A2 (en) * 1979-01-26 1981-11-06 Travocean Sarl Explosive spike driving device for land or sea - has breech on top containing gas expansion chamber and cartridge above retaining disc
EP0039654A2 (en) * 1980-05-05 1981-11-11 TRAVOCEAN Société à Responsabilité Limitée dite Pyrotechnic device for anchoring piles or similar objects in the soil
EP0039654A3 (en) * 1980-05-05 1982-06-16 Travocean Societe A Responsabilite Limitee Dite Pyrotechnic device for anchoring piles or similar objects in the soil
US4546563A (en) * 1982-09-20 1985-10-15 Amburn Raymond D Method and apparatus for killing earth-burrowing insects
US4511296A (en) * 1983-03-16 1985-04-16 Invocas, Inc. Anchor bolt with mechanical keys deployed by internal pressurization
USRE35133E (en) * 1991-04-30 1995-12-26 Sign Post Products, Inc. Channel sign post socket and method of installing sign post
US5820321A (en) * 1993-04-05 1998-10-13 Gd-Anker Gruber-Duebel-Anker Gmbh Expansion plug with tensioning member and two expansion tubes
US5419658A (en) * 1993-10-05 1995-05-30 Wayne DeWitt Thin-walled pipe driving method for forming piles
US5992103A (en) * 1995-04-11 1999-11-30 Norman; Torbjorn Method and device for performing ground anchorage
US20040136788A1 (en) * 2001-06-04 2004-07-15 Hindle David John Rock bolt and method of use
US6929424B2 (en) * 2001-06-04 2005-08-16 Romtech Limited Rock bolt and method of use
US6969220B2 (en) * 2003-04-24 2005-11-29 Black & Decker Inc. Wall anchor for a screw, and assembly constituted by such a wall anchor and a screw
US20050265790A1 (en) * 2004-05-26 2005-12-01 Ciro Pasini Explosive-loaded ground anchor assembly
WO2007022613A1 (en) * 2005-08-26 2007-03-01 Implo Technologies Inc. Explosive-loaded ground anchor assembly
US20080271388A1 (en) * 2007-04-27 2008-11-06 Norwood Industries Pty Ltd Anchoring stake
CN103774651A (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-07 兰州大学 Olive-shaped anti-slip key grouted anchoring supporting blasting anchor rod
CN103774654A (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-07 兰州大学 Olive-shaped anti-slip key grouted anchoring supporting blasting tube type anchor rod
CN103774654B (en) * 2012-10-26 2015-11-04 兰州大学 Olive-shaped sliding anchor button Grouting anchor Supporting blast tube
CN103774651B (en) * 2012-10-26 2016-01-20 兰州大学 Olive-shaped sliding button Grouting anchor bolt Supporting Blasting
US20160363151A1 (en) * 2014-02-24 2016-12-15 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Chemical wall plug
US9945410B2 (en) * 2014-02-24 2018-04-17 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Chemical wall plug

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