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US2266853A - Collapsible shelter - Google Patents

Collapsible shelter Download PDF

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Publication number
US2266853A
US2266853A US31053239A US2266853A US 2266853 A US2266853 A US 2266853A US 31053239 A US31053239 A US 31053239A US 2266853 A US2266853 A US 2266853A
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Prior art keywords
secured
fig
members
member
strap
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Gene F Dabney
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Gene F Dabney
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H15/00Tents or canopies, in general
    • E04H15/32Parts, components, construction details, accessories, interior equipment, specially adapted for tents, e.g. guy-line equipment, skirts, thresholds
    • E04H15/34Supporting means, e.g. frames
    • E04H15/36Supporting means, e.g. frames arch-shaped type
    • E04H15/38Supporting means, e.g. frames arch-shaped type expansible, e.g. extensible in a fan type manner
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H15/00Tents or canopies, in general
    • E04H15/003Bathing or beach cabins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H15/00Tents or canopies, in general
    • E04H15/32Parts, components, construction details, accessories, interior equipment, specially adapted for tents, e.g. guy-line equipment, skirts, thresholds
    • E04H15/56Floors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S135/00Tent, canopy, umbrella, or cane
    • Y10S135/906Arched structure

Description

DeC- 23 1941 G. F. DABNEY COLLAPSIBLE SHELTER IVIIIII GENE F DA eNEY DEC. 23, G. F DABNEY COLLAPSIBLE SHELTER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 22, 1939 .1NvENToR.

GENE F DA/vey BY C MAM hb/ ATToR Ex Patente-d Dec. 23, 1941 UNITED; STATES cargar ori-ics '2 Claims.

This invention relates to shelters and more especially to a collapsible' sun shelter, and is a continuation in part of my copending application, Serial No. 210,761, filed May 28, 1938.

An object of the invention is toprovide a simple, practical and inexpensive article of the character described.

Another object is to provide a sun and wind shelter having novel features of collapsibility and portability.

Another Objectis to provide in a shelterof the character described improved features of comfort, facility andsimplicity of erection and collapsibility. v

More specic objects andadvantageswill appear and be brought out more fully inthe following specication, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. l is a view of an embodiment of the invention showing the article fully; expanded in condition for use;

Fig. 2 is a View of the samecollapsed'and compacted for transporting;

Fig. 3 is a side view of one of the brace members;

Fig. 4 is a sectional View 4-4 of Fig. 3;

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view illustrating one of the said structural features;

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view showing another of the structural features;

Fig. 7 is a view showing means for securing the article to the ground;

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a modied form of the invention;

Fig. 9 is a vertical section;

Fig. 10 is a plane View partly in section of the same;

Fig. 11 is a fragmentary detail of the cover showing means for fastening the cover member to the floor member;

Fig. 12 is a fragmentary view illustrating the means of fastening the device in folded position;

Fig. 13 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the line I3-I3 of Fig. l0;

Fig. 14 is a sectional view taken along the line I4-I4 of Fig. 15; and

Fig. 15 is an end elevation of the hub also shown in Fig. 14.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, I show a pair of bow members I0 and Il respectively, preferably of resilient steel or the equivalent, and a plurality of similar bow members I2 positioned therebetween, the bow members each taken along the line having terminal loops I 3v by which they are an elongated loop*2I for connection with eachv ring I 4 and may be provided with a loop 2,2 to facilitate placing inthe ground and removal therefrom.

A pair of braces 23Y are pivotally securedk at 24VV and 25 respectively to bows I0 and I I and each brace consists of a pair of strap irons 26 pivotedV together at 2l and provided collar 28 which may be slipped over the overlapping portions of members 26 be slipped away from the overlapping," portions for collapsing the brace in the usual manner.- -A

central brace 29 is provided forthev articleamtlY comprises strap members 30, 3| and 32; member 3l being pivoted at 33 to bow II; member 32 being pivotally secured to members 30 and 3| in a manner similar to braces 26; member 30 having an L-shaped member 34 secured adjacent the free end thereof whereby the same may be engaged with bow I Il as shown in Fig. 5 when the brace 29 is extended and stiifened as shown in Fig. l.

A plurality of rings I 4a. be secured t0 tabs I4b, to cover I5 adjacent bow ing as shown in Fig. 6. A plurality of ties 34 are secured to floor pieces II for securing the article in collapsed position as shown in Fig. 2. A bail 35 is secured from detachment by a strap 36 secured to one of the floor pieces I'l, the ends of which are adapted to engage apertures in strap members 33 and 32 whereby the article may be carried when, compacted.

I show a plurality of pockets 31 secured on the inner side of cover l5 which may be used for placing therein articles such as cigarettes, magazines and the like.

The article may be compacted bywithdrawing the stakes 2i) from the ground, removing member 34 from bow Ill and folding brace 29 and braces 23, thus permitting the bows I0 and I2 to collapse on bow II. Floor pieces I1 may thereupon similar to ring I4 may the latter being sewed II for auxiliary anchorwith a rectangular to maintainthem-` in straight relation for bracingV and which mayil be wrapped around the bows and cover I5 and the end portions overlapped as shown in Fig. 2 and passed between braces and 32 and tied by ties 34 and bail 35 secured to braces 36 and 3|.

In Figs. 8 to 15 I show a modif-led form of a shelter in which a pair of hubs 4l each having an aperture 42 secure the ends of a plurality of resilient wire ribs 43 having end portions 44 turned inwardly at substantially right angles which extend through apertures 45 in one of the hub member plates, of which there are two, they being held together by a plurality of bolts 46. Centrally at the rear portion of the shelter a U-shaped clip 41 is secured about the terminal rib 43 and held by bolt 48. A strap 49 is secured by a bolt or rivet to clip 41 and Vis secured to a ring 5I which is adapted to engage.

the head of a pin 52 secured to a U-shaped clip 53 secured to the other terminal rib 43 by bolt 54.

A floor piece 55 of suitable fabric material, such as canvas or the like, is provided with a plurality of apertures having eyelets 56 secured thereto and a ring 51 is secured as by a strap 58 to the lower terminal rib 43 adjacent each eyelet 56 for the reception of a bifurcated peg 59 having a shouldered head by which the floor 55 is held to the ground, a peg passing through each ring 51.

The fabric cover portion comprises a plurality of rsegments 60 whichl overlap at their edge portions which are sewed or otherwise secured together as at 6|,va rib 43 being held in each of the overlapping. portions. An abbreviated apron 62 may be secured to the forward terminal rib portion if desired. A rear edge portion 63 of the top may be divided and left free so as to overlie the rear edge portion of the flooring 55. If

desired, these parts may be secured together in any suitable manner.

A collapsible stiffener strap is provided and compri-ses members 64, 65 and 66, members 64 and 65 being secured together by any suitable pivot 61 and members 64 and 66 being similarly secured by a pivot 61. These members each consist preferably of a resilient steel bar section and are provided with intertting humps and recesses 68 and 69 by which the stiffener strap will be held in extended position against inadvertent collapse, but may be collapsed by pivoting the members 64, 65 and 66 on their pivots 61 when the shelter is to be collapsed. Member 65 is pivotally secured to bolt 48 by the head 10 thereof, and member 66 is similarly pivotally secured to bolt 54 by the head 1I thereof. One or more pockets 12 may be provided on the inner side of the cover element if desired.

As may be seen in Fig. 12, when the shelter is collapsed pin 52 of clip 53 is adjacent strap 49 and ring 5I secured toclip 41 and ring 5l may be secured to pin 52 and the shelter secured in collapsed position, the flooring 55 being rolled or folded within the folds of the cover material.

-Having described my invention, what I claim 1. In a device of the character described, the combination of a pair of hub members, two terminal rib members and a plurality of intermediate rib members, each said rib member being individually pivoted at each o-f its ends to one of the hub members whereby said ribs can be folded together or swung apart to form a frame simulating a section of a sphere, a cover secured at spaced intervals to each of said ribs and foldable with them, and means engageable with the terminal ribs when they are swung apart for holding the frame unfolded and the cover taut, said la-st named means comprising a semi-rigid strap member composed of a plurality of sections pivotally connected with each otherat their ends so that they can be collapsed to lie face to face or extended in longitudinal alignment for the frame holding purpose, said strap member being permanently secured at one end to one terminal rib and detachably connectable with' the other terminal rib.

2. A structure as dened in claim 1 in which means is provided on said strap and effective at the pivotal connections therein to hold the strap sections in longitudinal alignment and against inadvertent folding movement.

GENE F. DABNEY.

US2266853A 1939-12-22 1939-12-22 Collapsible shelter Expired - Lifetime US2266853A (en)

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Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2517827A (en) * 1948-10-09 1950-08-08 Balsam Alfred Dixon Sunshade
US2547770A (en) * 1948-09-17 1951-04-03 Robert S Pelton Collapsible shelter
US2619101A (en) * 1951-06-21 1952-11-25 James J Mcgerry Combined sunshade and wind guard
US2711181A (en) * 1951-05-01 1955-06-21 Spheric Structures Inc Spherical structure
US2821989A (en) * 1956-09-10 1958-02-04 Shepard Harwood Convertible top for boats
US2829659A (en) * 1956-07-20 1958-04-08 Curtis E Megenity Combined sunshade and canopy
US3034523A (en) * 1959-09-02 1962-05-15 Shano Roy J De Collapsible tent shelter
DE1129664B (en) * 1960-01-14 1962-05-17 Wolfgang Becker tent
US3152707A (en) * 1961-10-25 1964-10-13 Rey Fernand Sealing device for collection truck container with automatic pivotal loading hood
US3174493A (en) * 1961-12-26 1965-03-23 Ivor J Gruenberg Beach or pool-side shield
US3190300A (en) * 1963-12-09 1965-06-22 Don B Finkelstein Portable shelter arrangement
US3241160A (en) * 1963-06-20 1966-03-22 Escobar Pablo Cesar Portable folding head rest
US3269398A (en) * 1962-10-17 1966-08-30 Holbitz Yehuda Convex tents
US3581751A (en) * 1970-02-02 1971-06-01 Evans Enterprises Inc Collapsible and portable shelter
US3816867A (en) * 1972-06-23 1974-06-18 Foremark Corp Inflatable canopy
US4098281A (en) * 1977-03-31 1978-07-04 Paul Bonfilio Collapsible shelter
US4227542A (en) * 1978-06-27 1980-10-14 Paul Bonfilio Collapsible shelter
US4332266A (en) * 1980-08-22 1982-06-01 Wageley Tevis R Portable blind and shelter
US4469114A (en) * 1982-09-29 1984-09-04 Orville Kelley Canopy-removable, portable
US4506688A (en) * 1983-03-07 1985-03-26 Bethoon Walter D Portable shelters
US4646770A (en) * 1985-01-28 1987-03-03 Lobato Matthew P Wind-deflector and shelter apparatus
US4832067A (en) * 1986-08-25 1989-05-23 Josef Felber Weather protective roofing for light aircraft
US4930534A (en) * 1987-07-16 1990-06-05 Hill Peter M Foldable shelter
US5299590A (en) * 1991-10-02 1994-04-05 Deibert Linden K Sun shade structure
US5546971A (en) * 1993-07-29 1996-08-20 Leonhardt; William G. Foldable shelter
US6109281A (en) * 1995-10-16 2000-08-29 Jacpaq Limited Sunshade device
WO2002021964A2 (en) * 2000-09-11 2002-03-21 Kendro Albert Jr Transportable rotatable weather shield
US6371143B1 (en) * 1999-05-07 2002-04-16 Johnson Outdoors Inc. Canopy structure
US6478038B1 (en) * 2000-08-04 2002-11-12 Gray Matter Holdings, Llc Collapsible shade for a towel mat
US20030066550A1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2003-04-10 Al-Ghamdi Mohammed Saeed Rafe Collapsible privacy shelter
US6595227B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2003-07-22 Gray Matter Holdings, Llc Self-opening shades and methods of using the same
EP1338729A2 (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-08-27 Fox International Group Limited A collapsible canopy
US20030168093A1 (en) * 2002-03-06 2003-09-11 Yu Zheng Collapsible sleeping structures
US20040087232A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-06 Anderson Leslie Leah Radiant and convective heat resistant materials and emergency fire shelter made therefrom
US20040129307A1 (en) * 2003-01-03 2004-07-08 Louie Wai Hang Collapsible and foldable canvas structure
US20050189010A1 (en) * 2004-02-23 2005-09-01 Sumner Bobby G. Tent with a repositionable floor
US20070137683A1 (en) * 2004-01-05 2007-06-21 Price R J Fast-erecting portable structure
US7740310B1 (en) 2008-06-24 2010-06-22 Forster Elizabeth M Lawn chair with incorporated solar light protective device
US20120012144A1 (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-01-19 Sanda Cebular Mini Cabana for Lounging at the Pool or Beach
USD736515S1 (en) * 2014-10-01 2015-08-18 Mike Chaklos Umbrella
USD739555S1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-22 Rob McAlister Limited Folding structure for storage, shelter, and plant growing
USD755109S1 (en) * 2014-01-31 2016-05-03 Nancy Lee Braaten-Boyd Collapsible kayak canopy
USD773579S1 (en) * 2016-09-25 2016-12-06 Daniel Shir Tent
USD775296S1 (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-12-27 Daniel Shir Tent

Cited By (59)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2547770A (en) * 1948-09-17 1951-04-03 Robert S Pelton Collapsible shelter
US2517827A (en) * 1948-10-09 1950-08-08 Balsam Alfred Dixon Sunshade
US2711181A (en) * 1951-05-01 1955-06-21 Spheric Structures Inc Spherical structure
US2619101A (en) * 1951-06-21 1952-11-25 James J Mcgerry Combined sunshade and wind guard
US2829659A (en) * 1956-07-20 1958-04-08 Curtis E Megenity Combined sunshade and canopy
US2821989A (en) * 1956-09-10 1958-02-04 Shepard Harwood Convertible top for boats
US3034523A (en) * 1959-09-02 1962-05-15 Shano Roy J De Collapsible tent shelter
DE1129664B (en) * 1960-01-14 1962-05-17 Wolfgang Becker tent
US3152707A (en) * 1961-10-25 1964-10-13 Rey Fernand Sealing device for collection truck container with automatic pivotal loading hood
US3174493A (en) * 1961-12-26 1965-03-23 Ivor J Gruenberg Beach or pool-side shield
US3269398A (en) * 1962-10-17 1966-08-30 Holbitz Yehuda Convex tents
US3241160A (en) * 1963-06-20 1966-03-22 Escobar Pablo Cesar Portable folding head rest
US3190300A (en) * 1963-12-09 1965-06-22 Don B Finkelstein Portable shelter arrangement
US3581751A (en) * 1970-02-02 1971-06-01 Evans Enterprises Inc Collapsible and portable shelter
US3816867A (en) * 1972-06-23 1974-06-18 Foremark Corp Inflatable canopy
US4098281A (en) * 1977-03-31 1978-07-04 Paul Bonfilio Collapsible shelter
US4227542A (en) * 1978-06-27 1980-10-14 Paul Bonfilio Collapsible shelter
US4332266A (en) * 1980-08-22 1982-06-01 Wageley Tevis R Portable blind and shelter
US4469114A (en) * 1982-09-29 1984-09-04 Orville Kelley Canopy-removable, portable
US4506688A (en) * 1983-03-07 1985-03-26 Bethoon Walter D Portable shelters
US4646770A (en) * 1985-01-28 1987-03-03 Lobato Matthew P Wind-deflector and shelter apparatus
US4832067A (en) * 1986-08-25 1989-05-23 Josef Felber Weather protective roofing for light aircraft
US4930534A (en) * 1987-07-16 1990-06-05 Hill Peter M Foldable shelter
US5299590A (en) * 1991-10-02 1994-04-05 Deibert Linden K Sun shade structure
US5546971A (en) * 1993-07-29 1996-08-20 Leonhardt; William G. Foldable shelter
US6109281A (en) * 1995-10-16 2000-08-29 Jacpaq Limited Sunshade device
US6371143B1 (en) * 1999-05-07 2002-04-16 Johnson Outdoors Inc. Canopy structure
US6478038B1 (en) * 2000-08-04 2002-11-12 Gray Matter Holdings, Llc Collapsible shade for a towel mat
WO2002021964A2 (en) * 2000-09-11 2002-03-21 Kendro Albert Jr Transportable rotatable weather shield
WO2002021964A3 (en) * 2000-09-11 2002-08-15 Albert Kendro Jr Transportable rotatable weather shield
US6799593B2 (en) * 2000-09-11 2004-10-05 Albert Kendro, Jr. Transportable rotatable weather shield
US6942005B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2005-09-13 Kelsyus, Llc Self-opening enclosure
US6595227B2 (en) 2001-01-19 2003-07-22 Gray Matter Holdings, Llc Self-opening shades and methods of using the same
US20030066550A1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2003-04-10 Al-Ghamdi Mohammed Saeed Rafe Collapsible privacy shelter
EP1338729A3 (en) * 2002-02-22 2004-04-14 Fox International Group Limited A collapsible canopy
EP1338729A2 (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-08-27 Fox International Group Limited A collapsible canopy
US20030168093A1 (en) * 2002-03-06 2003-09-11 Yu Zheng Collapsible sleeping structures
US6848460B2 (en) * 2002-03-06 2005-02-01 Patent Category Corp. Collapsible sleeping structures
US20050121061A1 (en) * 2002-03-06 2005-06-09 Yu Zheng Collapsible sleeping structures
US7128207B2 (en) 2002-11-01 2006-10-31 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture Emergency fire shelter storage system
US6881506B2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2005-04-19 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture Radiant and convective heat resistant materials and emergency fire shelter made therefrom
US20050019619A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2005-01-27 Anderson Leslie Leah Radiant and convective heat resistant material
US20050136760A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2005-06-23 Anderson Leslie L. Radiant and convective heat resistant materials and emergency fire shelter made therefrom
US7084083B2 (en) * 2002-11-01 2006-08-01 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of Agriculture Radiant and convective heat resistant material
US20040087232A1 (en) * 2002-11-01 2004-05-06 Anderson Leslie Leah Radiant and convective heat resistant materials and emergency fire shelter made therefrom
US7077147B2 (en) * 2003-01-03 2006-07-18 Genevieve Shiu Collapsible and foldable canvas structure
US20040129307A1 (en) * 2003-01-03 2004-07-08 Louie Wai Hang Collapsible and foldable canvas structure
US20070137683A1 (en) * 2004-01-05 2007-06-21 Price R J Fast-erecting portable structure
US7954504B2 (en) 2004-01-05 2011-06-07 Price R Justin Fast-erecting portable structure
US7316238B2 (en) * 2004-02-23 2008-01-08 Wingroup North America, Inc. Tent with a repositionable floor
US20050189010A1 (en) * 2004-02-23 2005-09-01 Sumner Bobby G. Tent with a repositionable floor
US7740310B1 (en) 2008-06-24 2010-06-22 Forster Elizabeth M Lawn chair with incorporated solar light protective device
US20120012144A1 (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-01-19 Sanda Cebular Mini Cabana for Lounging at the Pool or Beach
USD755109S1 (en) * 2014-01-31 2016-05-03 Nancy Lee Braaten-Boyd Collapsible kayak canopy
USD739555S1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-09-22 Rob McAlister Limited Folding structure for storage, shelter, and plant growing
USD756530S1 (en) * 2014-03-20 2016-05-17 Rob Mccalister Limited Folding structure for storage, shelter, and plant growing
USD736515S1 (en) * 2014-10-01 2015-08-18 Mike Chaklos Umbrella
USD775296S1 (en) * 2016-08-23 2016-12-27 Daniel Shir Tent
USD773579S1 (en) * 2016-09-25 2016-12-06 Daniel Shir Tent

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