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Sash and sash attaching means

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Publication number
US2256548A
US2256548A US24464038A US2256548A US 2256548 A US2256548 A US 2256548A US 24464038 A US24464038 A US 24464038A US 2256548 A US2256548 A US 2256548A
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Prior art keywords
window
frame
sash
opening
flange
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Edward F Chaffee
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OM EDWARDS CO Inc
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OM EDWARDS CO Inc
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D25/00Window arrangements peculiar to rail vehicles

Description

Sept- 23, l 941 E. F. cHAFf-EE 2,256,548 sA'sH AND sAsH ATTACHING MEANS Filed DeG. 8, 1938 Patented Sept. 23, 1941 SASH AND SASH ATTACHING MEANS Edward F. Chaffee, Syracuse, N. Y., assigner to `The 0. M. Edwards Company, Inc., Syracuse, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application December 8, 1938, Serial No. 244,64@

(Cl. 18S-'75) Claims.

This invention relates to Window constructions, particularly adaptable for railway cars, buses, and other vehicles, and has for its object a window construction wherein the sash is attached in the window frame or window opening by a clamping action and by clamping means located in the window opening, so that there are no screw heads exposed on any exposed surface of the sash.

It further has for its object a construction by which the sash equipment including the sash and the means for securing the sash in the window opening may be applied, as a unit, by the car builder, and the sash, and particularly the securing or clamping means applied by the car builder to the window openings or frames without special construction of window frames to accommodate the securing means.

It further has for its object a construction by which a double sash, that is, a sash with two spaced apart glass panes, may be permanently attached in a window frame opening by the equipment supplied to the car builder and the glass panes readily removed and replaced Without demounting the sash, and hence without fastening means which are exposed.

It will be understood that fastening members, as screws, which are exposed, particularly on the outer surface of the car, regardless of how carefully the heads of the screwsare concealed, collect soot and dirt forming rings around the heads of the screws, and lines in the slots of the screw heads, if slotted screws are used, so that the fastening members are more conspicuous, regardless of how much care is taken to provide smooth surfaces to conceal them, than if no attempt were made to conceal them.

It further has for its object fastening means including base plates which are readily attached to the window frame and clamping members, which are readily applied to the sash and to the base plates, after the base plates have been attached to the window frame and the sash has been placed in position for linal tightening or clamping.

ner trim of the car around the window opening being removed.

Figure 2 is a sectional view on lines 22, Figure 1. I

Figure 3 is an enlarged sectional view on lines 3 3, Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary plan View of the base of the clamping means, the contiguous partl of the window frame being also shown.

Figure 5 is a fragmentary View similar to Figure 3 showing a modied form of clamping means.

Figure 6 is a detail sectional view of a different means for securing the base to the window frame from that shown in Figure 4.

I designates, generally, the window frame which confines the Window opening 2, this being part of lthe sheet metal structure of the car body. 3 designates the sash, this being formed of metal, usually by an extruding process, and the sash is formed with a flange 4 on the outer side thereof which laps at 5 the outer face of the window g frame or car body around the window opening. This flange is usually one side of a peripheral channel 6 formed in the edge of the sash. The opposite or inner side of the channel is a flange 'I of less width than the flange 4 and arranged with its edge 8 spaced apart from the window frame providing a space at 9 for the clamping means. The sash is intended to be permanently mounted in the car body and is constructed to sup-port glazing means or strips, which permit the removal and replacemena'when necessary,

` of the glass pane or double glass panes', as III, I I

The invention consists in the novel features and in the constructions and combinations hereinafter set forth and claimed.

In describing this invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawing in which like characters designate corresponding parts in all the Views.

Figure 1 is a fragmentary elevation of a Window structure embodying this invention, the inwithout demounting the sash.

As here shown, the glazing means includes an intermediate strip I2 of resilient compressible material, as rubber, extending between the margins of the glass panes Ill, II and also extending into a channel I3 in the sash, and removable glazing strips I4, I5 of similar material having head portions pressing against the outer margins of the glass panes II), II respectively, and base portions extending into grooves or channels in the sash. These glazing strips I4, I5 are generally removable and replaceable and so constructed as not to crawl or work` out of the grooves in which they are located. The specic construction of the glazing means forms no part of this invention.

The means for securing the sash to the window frame comprises base plates, which lie flatwise on the window frame within the window opening and which are attachable to the window frame, and clamping members coacting with the base plates and with the sash and placeable in coacting relation with the base plates andwith the sash, after the base plates'have been` applied to the window frame and the sash has been placed'in the window opening preliminarily to `being tightened in position by clamping the Y and thewindow frame, and isformed with an in- Wardly extending ange or lug il Ato which the clamping member is attached. In order that'the base plates may be readily attached to the window frame, each is preferably vformed with a stem lhaving an angular Yshoulder or lug I9,

modating the curtain roll and because of the curtain roll itself, it is impractical to provide the fastening members, including the base plates. Therefore, a diiferent form of clampingmeans is provided along the top rail of the sash for clamping the flange d against the windowirame. As here shown, the clamping means along the top rail include clainpincr screws 32v extending through the narrow flange l ofthe channel 6 and thrusting at their inner ends-against the flange or wall 33 of the chamber 34 in which the curtain roller is located. Each screwV 32 threads through a nut 35 thrusting against the inner face of the flange l. rlhis nut is square, so as to be held from turning with thescrew,

.by reason of the fact that one sideV thereof lies iiatwise on the bottom of the channel The the base plate `being attached to the window frame by moving it to insert the stem i8 throughY adrlled hole 20 in the Window frame, and then shifting it laterally to interlock the shoulder or lugIIS/under the margin of therwall 'around' the hole, the angular shoulder or lug I9 being so located that Ythe'thrust of the'clamping member on'the base plate causes the lug to hookV under the'margin of. thewallt around the opening 26. 2li' designateslthe clamping membersl Each clamping member'includes a threaded shank 22 andanfangular'heacl'portion 23.. The shank extends vthrough a'slot 22l`in the flange il, which flange is located outside of the sash of the channel S'on the inner side o'f the sash and the head 23coacts.with the inneriace of the shorter side of the flange 'l of the-channels; the shank vex'- tending through the space 9. `Annut 25 threads onthe shank 22 against theflangeli. The slot 24inthe1ilange I'! opens at 25 through a lateral edgeof the'ange I1.' r Y The sash and the 'clampingjmembers are supplied rto the car builder, and in applying the sash equipment to thelwindowopening, the car builder boresthe holes 2D at suitableintervals in the Windowframe, and places the baseplates in position.` He then places the sash in the window opening with the flange 4Y or Vportion S'thereof opposed to Athe outer side of the window frame.

T-he clamping members are thenV manipulatedl through the space 9 to bring the'head's23 thereof on'the inner side of the flange 7. Then the clamping members are slid laterally to bring their shanks-into'the slots 26-ofthe flanges-I7 of the base plates. The nuts 25 are thentightened, thus Vclamping the flange 4 against Ythe'window frame and firmly clampingY the sash tightly in position;

The flanges l1, shanks-ZZ and nuts 25 are yconcealed` by the interior trim of the car. Along the 'lower side ofthe sash, 'this interior trim isy a hollow sheet metal sill 2'! secured to the window frame, as byscrews 2B. Along theyertical sides of. the sash, interior trim strips 29, similar to the/sill, are provided and` held in position'byscrews .30, these strips 2S being formed with the usualcurtainguide .31. The screws 2S-and 3i! arethe `type Vof screw which bore andftap the "f holes, and in Figure 6, the'base plates are shown as secured to the. window frame by-similar screws I8a .instead-of by. the stem I8 with' theangular shoulders or. lugs I9. f

The Vframe along the upper rail of thesash is diiferentfroin *portions constituting the bottom andvertical sides of. thewindow opening becauseY usuallyy the curtain-.rolls are housedin the window frame above the top rail ciA the sash. Because ofjthedepth of 'this recess orchamberfor accomheads 36 of thee-crews are here shown as square.

When thecurtain is applied, the heads of the screws are concealed by the curtain, by the wall of' the chamber andthe interior trim 3l. The

clamping mea-ns consisting of the's'crews 372 and nuts y5'V are thus self-contained with the sash.

In Figure-5a modified form of clamping means is shown in which the base 38, correspondingto the base iii-0f Figure 3 is arranged with its'angu- Y lar flange or lug 3Q located inthe channel of the sash instead of Vout of ,the channehasrin Figure 5, and the clamping members are screws lill extending through holes inthe narrow flange 7 and threading through av nut il on side of the narrow flange 7,the screw to the inner face of the narrow ange l and then the screw dit tightened. Intightening the screw, theinner end thereof thrusts against the lug or flange 39 causing the nut 4i to react against the flange l, and hence draw the sash Y2 and clamp the iiange 4 tightly against the outer face of the window frame..

By this construction, the car manufacturer can readily apply the sash equipment consisting ofv the sash and its vsecuring means to a window.

frame by merely boring holes, as 213'.

What I claim is: Y 1

' 1..'I'he combination kwith a suitable window frame conning a window opening, of a sash formed with a peripheral channel at the edge thereof, Yone side of the channel being a ange lapping one side of the frame around the window opening, the other side of the channel being a flange vof less widththan the former iiange, the

latter flange being located in the window opening Y and having its edge spaced from the frame, means for securing the sash in the frame including arbase extending into the channel between the edge of the flange of less width and the framek and attachable to the frame, and a clamping member carried by the base, the member extending through said space and coacting with the inner face of the flange of less width of the channel and operable to clampthe longer iange against the window frame.

2. The combination with' a suitable window frame confining a window opening, of a sash formed with a peripheral channel at the edge thereof, lone side of the channel being a flange lapping one side of the frame around the window opening, the other` side of the channel being a-.

the inner Y thrusting at its inner end against. the lug or flange 39.. The. nut lil is square, in order to be held bythe base narrower ange located in the window opening and having its edge spaced from the frame, means for securing the sash in the frame including a base attachable to the frame, and a clamping member carried by the base, the base clamping member extending through said space and coacting with the inner face of the narrow flange of the channel and operable to clamp the wider ange against the window frame, said base being formed with an inwardly extending lug located out of the channel. of the sash and opposed to said space and the clamping member having a shank extending through the lug, and the lug being formed with a slot for receiving the shank, said slot opening through an end edge of the lug.

3. The combination with a suitable window frame confining a window opening, of a sash formed with a peripheral channel in the edge thereof, one side of the channel being a flange for lapping the window frame around the window opening and the other side of the channel being a flange of less width than the former flange arranged with its edge spaced from the Window frame, means for securing the sash to the window frame including a base attachable to the frame in the window opening and formed with an inwardly extending flange located in the window opening out of the channel of the sash and opposed to the space between the narrow side of the channel and the window frame, and a clamping member carried by the flange of the base, the clamping member extending into the channel through said space and having a head coacting with the inner face of the narrow side nf the channel, the clamping member being placeahle in position through the space between the edge of the narrow side of the channel and the window frame and attachable to the liange of the base when the base is applied to the window frame and the sash is mounted in the window opening.

4. The combination with a suitable window frame conning a window opening, of a sash having a flange lapping one side of the trame around the opening, and means for securing the sash in the frame including a base formed with a stem having an angular lug at its end, the stem and lug being insertable through an opening in the frame and attachable to the frame by a movement of the base to insert the stem through the opening and by an angular movement to carry the lug into interlocking engagement with the frame around the opening, and clamping members associated with the base and interlocking with the sash at the edge thereof and operable to draw the sash and clamp the said flange against the frame.

5. The combination with a suitable window frame confining a window opening, of a sash having a flange lapping one side of the trame around the opening, and means for securing the sash in the frame including a base formed with a stern having an angular lug at its end, the stem and lug being insertable through an opening in the frame and attachable to the frame by a rectilinear movement of the base to insert the stem through the opening, and by an angular movement to carry the lug into interlocking engagement with the frame around the opening, and clamping members associated with the base and interlocking with the sash at the edge thereof and operable to draw the sash and clamp the said flange against the frame, the clamping members and the base having means by which the clamping members are applied to the base and interlocked therewith after the base has been applied in the'window frame.

6. The combination with a suitable window frame confining a window opening, of a sash having a flange lapping one side of the frame around the opening, and means for securing the sash in the frame including a base formed with a stem having an angular lug at its end, the stem andl lug being insertable through an opening in the frame `and attachable to the frame by movement of the base to insert the stemthrough the opening, and by an angular movement to carry the lug into interlocking engagement with the frame around the opening, and clamping members associated with the base and interlocking with the sash at the edge thereof and operable to draw the sash and clamp the said flange against -the frame, the clamping member being formed with a shank for coacting with the base, and the base having a .slot for receiving the shank, the slot opening through one lateral edge of the base, whereby the clamping members are applied to the base after the base is attached to the window frame and the sash is in position in the window frame.

7. The combination with a suitable window frame confining a window opening, of a sash formed with a peripheral channel in the edge thereof, one side of the channel being a flange for lapping the window frame around the window opening and the other side of the channel being a flange of less width than the former flange and arranged with its edge spaced from the window frame, means for securing the sash to the Window frame including a base having a stem formed with an angular lug, the stem being movable through an opening in the window frame by a movement of the base to insert the stem through said opening and by an angular movement of the base to interlock the lug with the frame, the base being also formed with an inwardly extending flange opposed to the space between the narrow side of the channel and the window frame and a clamping member carried by the base and extending into the channel crosswise of the edge of the narrow side of the channel and having a head coacting with the inner face of the narrow side of the channel, the clamping member being placeable in position through the space between the edge of the narrow side of the channel and the frame and attachable to the flange of the base after the base is applied to the window frame and the sash is mounted in the window opening.

8. The combination with a suitable window frame conining a window opening; of a sash formed with a peripheral channel in the edge thereof, one side of the channel being a flange for lapping one side of the frame around the window opening, the other side of the channel being a flange of less width than the former flange, the latter flange being located in the window opening and having an edge opposed to the window frame, clamping means including a bracket attachable to the window frame in the window opening and having an angular lug extending into a position opposed to one side of the narrow flange of the sash, a clamping instrumentality thrusting in opposite directions against the lug and the narrow flange of the sash.

9. The combination with a suitable window frame confining a window opening; of a sash formed with `a peripheral channel in the edge thereof, one side of the channel being a flange for lapping one side of the frame around the window opening, the other side of the channel to the window frame, and the sash is in position the Window frame, clamping meansrincluding a bracket attachaloleV tothe window frame inthe Window opening; the otherisde .of the channelz lloeingia iiajngev4 of lessfWidth than the former? window opening and having an angular lug` extending into a position opposed to one side of the narrow flange of the sash, screw-threaded clamp- K ingY elementsy coacting respectively with the lug and the narrow flange of the sash and thrusting in opposite directionsagainst the same.

10. The combination with a suitable Window frame confining a Window opening; of a sash formed with a peripheral channel in the edge thereof, one Vside of the channel being a flange for lapping one sideof the frame around the flange,` the latter flangev being located inthe' Window opening'and havingnedge `opposed to Y the windowfframclamping means including' a bracket attachable togrrthe Window` frame they Window openingand having; an .angular lug extending, into a position opposed to oneside ofith'ei.

' narrow-flange' of the sash; screw-threaded' clamp-` ingelementscoacting respectively with the lug andthe narrow viiange of the sash and comprising: ascreW extending 'through 'the `narrow` ange and thrusting `against the'lug; yanda nut'on the screw and held from turning therewith, thenut thrust'- ing ,against the narrovvilange.`

US2256548A 1938-12-08 1938-12-08 Sash and sash attaching means Expired - Lifetime US2256548A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2804182A (en) * 1955-08-23 1957-08-27 Charles J Roos Jamb liner
DE1154142B (en) * 1962-01-27 1963-09-12 Deutsche Bundesbahn Horizontally split window for vehicles, especially rail vehicles
DE1268647B (en) * 1963-07-06 1968-05-22 Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag External windows for vehicles, particularly rail vehicles
US3469347A (en) * 1968-05-14 1969-09-30 Wausau Metals Corp Window construction
US4139972A (en) * 1975-07-18 1979-02-20 Hiromitsu Naka Anchoring device
US4611947A (en) * 1983-03-19 1986-09-16 Baus Heinz Georg Coupling assembly for joining two profiled rails
DE4009348A1 (en) * 1990-03-23 1991-09-26 Cleff Gmbh Carl Wilhelm Passenger train coach window - has at least one pane and frame fixed in wall aperture in clamp retainer releasable from coach exterior
US5619828A (en) * 1994-12-19 1997-04-15 Pella Corporation Installation fin for windows and doors
US6012257A (en) * 1997-06-06 2000-01-11 Transmatic, Inc. Bus window graffiti shield mounting with moisture seal
DE102006043719A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-04-03 J.C.F. Kaufmann Metallwarenwerk Gmbh & Co. Kg Fixing device for window of vehicle i.e. rail vehicle, has glass panel fastened in window frame that is utilized in section of wall, where frame is pressed at supporting frame under interconnection of seal by tensioning and clamping devices
US9506247B2 (en) 2014-03-28 2016-11-29 Steelcase Inc. Transparent panel system for partitions

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2804182A (en) * 1955-08-23 1957-08-27 Charles J Roos Jamb liner
DE1154142B (en) * 1962-01-27 1963-09-12 Deutsche Bundesbahn Horizontally split window for vehicles, especially rail vehicles
DE1268647B (en) * 1963-07-06 1968-05-22 Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag External windows for vehicles, particularly rail vehicles
US3469347A (en) * 1968-05-14 1969-09-30 Wausau Metals Corp Window construction
US4139972A (en) * 1975-07-18 1979-02-20 Hiromitsu Naka Anchoring device
US4611947A (en) * 1983-03-19 1986-09-16 Baus Heinz Georg Coupling assembly for joining two profiled rails
US4714367A (en) * 1983-03-19 1987-12-22 Baus Heinz Georg Coupling assembly for joining two profiled rails
DE4009348A1 (en) * 1990-03-23 1991-09-26 Cleff Gmbh Carl Wilhelm Passenger train coach window - has at least one pane and frame fixed in wall aperture in clamp retainer releasable from coach exterior
US5619828A (en) * 1994-12-19 1997-04-15 Pella Corporation Installation fin for windows and doors
US6012257A (en) * 1997-06-06 2000-01-11 Transmatic, Inc. Bus window graffiti shield mounting with moisture seal
DE102006043719A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-04-03 J.C.F. Kaufmann Metallwarenwerk Gmbh & Co. Kg Fixing device for window of vehicle i.e. rail vehicle, has glass panel fastened in window frame that is utilized in section of wall, where frame is pressed at supporting frame under interconnection of seal by tensioning and clamping devices
US9506247B2 (en) 2014-03-28 2016-11-29 Steelcase Inc. Transparent panel system for partitions

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