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Candle perfumer

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Publication number
US2254906A
US2254906A US35579140A US2254906A US 2254906 A US2254906 A US 2254906A US 35579140 A US35579140 A US 35579140A US 2254906 A US2254906 A US 2254906A
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Prior art keywords
reservoir
candle
supporting
plate
evaporating
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Bruno S Petrulis
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Bruno S Petrulis
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D3/00Burners using capillary action
    • F23D3/02Wick burners
    • F23D3/18Details of wick burners

Description

Sept. 2, 1941. B. s. PETRULIS CANDLE PERFUMER Filed Sept. 7, 1940 Patented Sept. 2, 1941 r orrics V CANDLE PERFUMER. Bruno S. Petrulis, Lockport, Ill. I Application September 7, 1940, Serial No. 355,791

8 Claims.

This invention relates to candle perfumers.

One object of this invention is to provide a ring like perfume reservoir having means for supporting it from the top of a candle, some distance away from the flame thereof and provided with heat conducting means, bridging the gap between the flame and reservoir and adapted to conduct heat from the flame to the reservoir, whereby to evaporate the perfume and permit of its escape, without contact with the flame, whereby its fragrance is not destroyed.

Another object is to provide a device of this character which automatically lowers as the candle is being consumed, but constantly maintains its position relative to the flame.

Another object is to provide a simple, efficient and decorative perfume evaporating device which not only enhances the attractiveness of the candle on which it is used, but gives off the pleasant scent from the perfume, particularly, when the candle is lighted.

Other objects and advantages will appear in the course of this specification, and with all of said objects andadvantages in view, this invention consists in the several novel features hereinafter fully set forth and claimed.

The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a candle holder and candle, partly broken out at its upper end and showing a simple form of the present candle perfumer, in vertical cross section, supported thereon;

Fig. 2 is a plan of the device;

Fig. 3 is a view of the device looking from below;

Fig. 4 is a cross section taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2;

Fig. 5 is a detail, vertical enlarged cross section through one side of the device, and

Fig. 6 is a detail enlarged fragmental plan of certain supporting members of the device.

Referring to said drawing, which is merely illustrative of one embodiment of the invention, applied to a candle, the reference character 5 designates a candle holder in which is held a candle 6 having the usual wick I.

The candle perfumer comprises among other elements, an annular or ring-like reservoir, 8,

formed of light gauge sheet metal, of channel 50 formation, in cross section, with its upper edge portions turned inward and downwards into the interior of the reservoir, to form two lips 9. An annular evaporating plate It] is contained in the the lips 9, with its own edges contacting with the inner side faces of the reservoir. Thepurpose of this minimum contact between the evaporating plate and reservoir walls is to minimize the amount of thermal conductivity between the reservoir and evaporating plate. The latter contains a multiplicity of perforations ll through which the evaporated perfume escapes from the reservoir. n

Confined in the reservoir is an annular wick I2 for absorbing perfume poured upon the evaporating plate. The lips 9 project slightly above the evaporating plate and form therewith an annular shallow channel into which perfume is poured, and finds its way to the reservoir and wick. For obtaining the most pleasant results,

only enough perfume should be used to thoroughly saturate the wick.

Means are provided to support the reservoir upon the top of a candle in coaxial alignment therewith and slightly below the top thereof, and to constantly maintain it in such position, regardless of the consumption of the upper .end of the candle. The means shown comprise a guide ring l3 and a supporting ring M of greater diameter, concentric therewith, and securedthereto as by one or more struts l5 joining the two rings. Conveniently the rings are made of light gauge wires, bent into rings, the wire of the guide ring being of slightly greater length than that necessary to form the ring, and the surplus being bent outwards radially and welded or otherwise rigidly fastened to the supporting ring.

Welded or otherwise rigidly fastened to the supporting ring at equidistant places are a plurality of radially extending supporting arms [6, also preferably formed of light guage wire, which arms incline downwards toward the bottom of the reservoir and are welded or otherwise rigidly fastened thereto. Desirably the angle of inclination of the arms is sufficient to support the reservoir belowthe top of the candle.

The guide ring surrounds the wick of the candle and as the top of the candle is consumed, a socket forms in the top of the candle, and the supporting ring rests on the bottom of the socket and steadies the reservoir, holding it in a level position, while the guide ring follows'down around the wick and guides the reservoir in its downward movement, so that it remains in coaxial alignment with the candle. Due to the soft condition of the edge of the candle at the top of the socket, while it is lit, the supporting reservoir and bears against the lower edges of arms sing through the soft portion, as the candle is being consumed, permitting the supporting ring to rest on the bottom of the socket.

For conducting heat to the evaporating plate and thereby accelerating evaporation of the perfume, several heat conductors H are provided, which conveniently may comprise light guage wires, each welded or otherwise rigidly fastened at one end to the evaporating plate, from which they extend upwardly for a short distance and then are bent to extend radially, in an approximately horizontal plane, terminating in globular or enlarged portions spaced sufiiciently close to enter the flame zone or to be in close proximity thereto, whereby the heat conductors are heated and conduct heat to the evaporating plate. heat conductors are equidistantly spaced apart, and when two are used, as shown,-they are dis posed in alignment with each other.

In use, the device is placed upon the top of a candle, perfume is poured into the channel above theevaporating plate, eitherprior to or after the device is placed on the candle. The perfume drips through the perforations in the evaporat- .ing plate, and saturates the wick. The candle is .lightedand heat from the flame is conducted by tween the flame and perfume reservoir, shielding the latter from the heat of the: flame.

From the above it is apparent thatevaporation of the perfume is accelerated while the candle ,is lit, giving off a pleasant scent which permeates the entire room. Moreover, there is no likelihood of ,the perfume being scorched by the flame of the candle, but the original scent is retained.

I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

, 1. ,A candle perfumer, comprising an annular perfume reservoir adapted to surround a candle, and, having an evaporating plate adjacent its upper side, supporting means for said reservoir .adapted to rest upon the top of the candle, and

heat conductors, secured to said evaporating plate and extending into the heat zone of the flame of the candle. v

2. A candle perfumer, comprising an annular perfume .reservoir, having an annular evaporating plate adjacentitsupper side, supporting arms secured to the reservoir and extending radially toward the axis of the reservoir, a supporting ring secured to-the innerends of said supporting arms, and adapted .to rest on the top of a candle,

.and heat conductors secured to said evaporating plate and extending radially toward the axis of the reservoir with their terminal ends disposed in the heat zone of the flame of the candle.

3. A candle perfumer, comprising an annular perfume reservoir, having an. annular evaporating plate adjacent its upper side, supporting arms secured to the reservoir and extending radially toward the axis of the reservoir, a supporting ring secured to the inner ends of said supporting arms, and adapted to rest on the top of a candle, .a guide ring of less diameter than the supporting ring, concentric therewith and secured thereto,

:and heat conductors secured to said evaporating The plate and extending radially, above th supporting ring, with their terminal ends disposed in the heat zone of the flame of the candle.

4. A candle perfumer, comprising an annular perfume reservoir of channel form in cross section, an annular perforated evaporating plate in said reservoir and disposed below its upper edges, whereby to provide a shallow channel at the upper side of the reservoir, supporting arms secured to the reservoir and extending radially toward the axis of the reservoir, a supporting ring secured to the inner ends of said supporting arms, and adapted to rest on the top of a candle,

and heat conductors secured to said evaporating plate and extending radially toward the axis of the reservoir with their terminal ends disposed in the heat zone of the flam of the candle.

v5. A candle perfumer, comprising an annular perfume reservoir, substantially U-shaped in cross section, with its upper edge portions bent inwardly and downwardly into the interior of the reservoir, anannular perforated evaporating plate in said reservoir and engaging the lower edges of said inwardly and downwardly bentedge portions thereof, whereby to provide a shallow channel at the upper side of the reservoir, sup- ,portingarms secured to the reservoir and extending'radially toward the axis of the reservoir, a supporting ring secured to the inner ends of said supporting arms, and adapted to rest on the top of a candle, and heat conductors secured to said evaporating plate and extending radially toward the axis of the reservoir with their terminal ends disposed in the heat zone of the flame of the candle.

6. A candle perfumer, comprising an annular perfume reservoir, having an annular evaporating plate adjacentits upper side, an annular wick in said reservoir, supporting arms secured to 'the reservoir and extending radially toward the ,axis of the reservoir, a supporting ringsecuredtothe inner ends of said supporting arms, and adapted to rest on the top of a candle, and heat conductors secured to said evaporating plate and extending radially toward the axis of the'reservoir with their terminal ends disposed in the heat zone of the flame of the candle.

'7. A candle perfumer, comprising aneannular perfume reservoir of channel form, an annular perforated evaporating plate therein disposed 'below the top thereof to providea shallow'channel, a wick contained in said reservoir, supporting means for said reservoir adapted to be carried on the top of a candle,,and heat conducting arms secured to said evaporating plate and extending radially towards the axis of the reservoir, said heat conducting arms terminating in .closelad- 'jacency'to each other.

8. A candle perfumer, comprising an annular perfume reservoir of channel form, an annular .perforated evaporating plate therein disposedi'below the top thereof to provide a shallow channel, a wick contained in said reservoir, radially extending, upwardly inclined supporting arms, a

supporting ring secured to the inner ends "of said supporting arms and adapted to be carried on the top of a candle, and heat conducting arms secured to said evaporating plate and extending radially towards the axis of the reservoir, said heat conducting arms terminating in close adjacency to each other.

BRUNO S. PETRULIS.

US2254906A 1940-09-07 1940-09-07 Candle perfumer Expired - Lifetime US2254906A (en)

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Cited By (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3380797A (en) * 1966-09-21 1968-04-30 James R. Summers Rigid core-wick candle and candle device
US3462235A (en) * 1966-09-21 1969-08-19 James R Summers Rigid candle wick and rigid candle device
US3958917A (en) * 1973-09-10 1976-05-25 Naz John F Scented ring for candles
US4892711A (en) * 1987-12-31 1990-01-09 Lamplight Farms, Inc. Fragrance dispensing device
US5032360A (en) * 1987-06-15 1991-07-16 Reagan Houston Odor remover
FR2759591A1 (en) * 1997-02-14 1998-08-21 Cecilia Combined fragrance dispenser and lamp
FR2760645A1 (en) * 1997-03-13 1998-09-18 Ciergerie Desfosses Oil lamp burning perfurmed oil
US5827483A (en) * 1997-05-30 1998-10-27 New Venture Engineering, Inc. Oil diffuser with double bowl and folding tripod support
WO1999022776A1 (en) * 1997-10-31 1999-05-14 Globol Chemicals (Uk) Limited Apparatus and method for disseminating an air modifying agent
US5911955A (en) * 1997-03-26 1999-06-15 New Venture Engineering, Inc. Aroma oil candle diffuser ring
US6152728A (en) * 1998-06-11 2000-11-28 The Candle Machine Co. Combined drip preventing and fragrance dispensing candle holder
US6290914B1 (en) * 2000-10-11 2001-09-18 Lamplight Farms, Inc. Fragrance ring for oil lamps
US6328935B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2001-12-11 Custom Essence, Inc. Aroma dispenser for candle
US20030086815A1 (en) * 2001-11-07 2003-05-08 Wesley John N Fragrance throwing liquid candle
US6613288B2 (en) 2001-01-22 2003-09-02 Candle Corporation Of America Device for releasing a volatile medium
US6780382B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2004-08-24 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Simmer plate dispenser for volatile active materials
US20060024629A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-02-02 Rivard David M Liquid fuel candle
US20060198768A1 (en) * 2005-03-07 2006-09-07 Gupte Anil J Diffuser
US7229280B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-06-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder magnetic retention means
US7247017B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2007-07-24 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Melting plate candles
US7287978B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-10-30 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle holder with improved air flow
US7318724B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-01-15 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US7413435B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-08-19 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US7442036B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-10-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467945B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US7467944B2 (en) 2004-02-17 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
US20090004614A1 (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-01-01 Furner Paul E Candle with lid for dispensing an air treatment chemical
US20090004067A1 (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-01-01 Furner Paul E Candle with removable seal for dispensing air treatment chemical
US7497685B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2009-03-03 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick-holder assembly
US7524187B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-04-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder locking mechanism
US7591646B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2009-09-22 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7607915B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-10-27 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7654822B2 (en) 2005-07-15 2010-02-02 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US20100062382A1 (en) * 2008-09-08 2010-03-11 Barbara Carey Stachowski Flame light system and device
US7731492B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2010-06-08 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
WO2010139996A1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-09 Vapalight Limited Chemical vaporiser for use with a candle
US7922482B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2011-04-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle and wick holder therefor
US8573967B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2013-11-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US20150147707A1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-05-28 Jay D. Hatfield Candle scent device

Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3462235A (en) * 1966-09-21 1969-08-19 James R Summers Rigid candle wick and rigid candle device
US3380797A (en) * 1966-09-21 1968-04-30 James R. Summers Rigid core-wick candle and candle device
US3958917A (en) * 1973-09-10 1976-05-25 Naz John F Scented ring for candles
US5032360A (en) * 1987-06-15 1991-07-16 Reagan Houston Odor remover
US4892711A (en) * 1987-12-31 1990-01-09 Lamplight Farms, Inc. Fragrance dispensing device
FR2759591A1 (en) * 1997-02-14 1998-08-21 Cecilia Combined fragrance dispenser and lamp
FR2760645A1 (en) * 1997-03-13 1998-09-18 Ciergerie Desfosses Oil lamp burning perfurmed oil
US5911955A (en) * 1997-03-26 1999-06-15 New Venture Engineering, Inc. Aroma oil candle diffuser ring
US5827483A (en) * 1997-05-30 1998-10-27 New Venture Engineering, Inc. Oil diffuser with double bowl and folding tripod support
US6562294B1 (en) 1997-10-31 2003-05-13 Globol Chemicals (Uk) Limited Apparatus and method for disseminating an air modifying agent
WO1999022776A1 (en) * 1997-10-31 1999-05-14 Globol Chemicals (Uk) Limited Apparatus and method for disseminating an air modifying agent
US6152728A (en) * 1998-06-11 2000-11-28 The Candle Machine Co. Combined drip preventing and fragrance dispensing candle holder
US7591646B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2009-09-22 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7247017B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2007-07-24 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Melting plate candles
US6780382B2 (en) 1999-12-21 2004-08-24 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Simmer plate dispenser for volatile active materials
US6328935B1 (en) 2000-07-06 2001-12-11 Custom Essence, Inc. Aroma dispenser for candle
US6290914B1 (en) * 2000-10-11 2001-09-18 Lamplight Farms, Inc. Fragrance ring for oil lamps
US7922482B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2011-04-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle and wick holder therefor
US6613288B2 (en) 2001-01-22 2003-09-02 Candle Corporation Of America Device for releasing a volatile medium
US20030086815A1 (en) * 2001-11-07 2003-05-08 Wesley John N Fragrance throwing liquid candle
US7467944B2 (en) 2004-02-17 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element and a wick holder
US20060024629A1 (en) * 2004-07-27 2006-02-02 Rivard David M Liquid fuel candle
US7607915B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-10-27 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Heat exchange method for melting plate candle
US7413435B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-08-19 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel delivery method for melting plate candle
US7442036B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-10-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and wick holder with improved capillary well for ensuring sustainable relight
US7467945B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-12-23 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US7287978B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-10-30 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle holder with improved air flow
US7318724B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2008-01-15 S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder and wick assembly for candle assembly
US7731492B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2010-06-08 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Fuel charge for melting plate candle assembly and method of supplying liquefied fuel to a wick
US7229280B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2007-06-12 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder magnetic retention means
US7524187B2 (en) 2004-09-10 2009-04-28 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick holder locking mechanism
US20060198768A1 (en) * 2005-03-07 2006-09-07 Gupte Anil J Diffuser
US7654822B2 (en) 2005-07-15 2010-02-02 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly including a fuel element with a locating recess and a melting plate with a locating protrusion
US7497685B2 (en) 2005-07-20 2009-03-03 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Wick-holder assembly
US20090111066A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2009-04-30 Kubicek Chris A Wick-holder assembly
US20090004067A1 (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-01-01 Furner Paul E Candle with removable seal for dispensing air treatment chemical
US20090004614A1 (en) * 2007-06-28 2009-01-01 Furner Paul E Candle with lid for dispensing an air treatment chemical
US8047837B2 (en) 2007-06-28 2011-11-01 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle with lid for dispensing an air treatment chemical
US20100062382A1 (en) * 2008-09-08 2010-03-11 Barbara Carey Stachowski Flame light system and device
WO2010139996A1 (en) * 2009-06-03 2010-12-09 Vapalight Limited Chemical vaporiser for use with a candle
US8573967B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2013-11-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Candle assembly and fuel element therefor
US20150147707A1 (en) * 2013-11-22 2015-05-28 Jay D. Hatfield Candle scent device

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