US2241222A - Process for raising and curling the fluffs of fabrics - Google Patents

Process for raising and curling the fluffs of fabrics Download PDF

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Publication number
US2241222A
US2241222A US16143237A US2241222A US 2241222 A US2241222 A US 2241222A US 16143237 A US16143237 A US 16143237A US 2241222 A US2241222 A US 2241222A
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Prior art keywords
cloth
process
raising
fluffs
curling
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Expired - Lifetime
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Sonnino Bruno
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Sonnino Bruno
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C29/00Finishing or dressing, of textile fabrics, not provided for in the preceding groups
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C2700/00Finishing or decoration of textile materials, except for bleaching, dyeing, printing, mercerising, washing or fulling
    • D06C2700/29Mechanical finishing of velvet or needled velvet

Description

B. SONNINO 2,241,222

BRICS May 6, 1941.

PROCESS FOR RAISING AND cunpme ms FLUFFS 0F FA Filed Aug. 28, 1937 M242 wring Patented May 6, 1941 PROCESS FOR narsmc AND OURLING 'rnE rnnrrs or names Bruno Sonnino, Milan, Italy Application August as, 1937, Serial No. 161,432 In Italy September 11, 1936 6 Claims.

It is known that raised or more or less fluii'y cloths, present on their finished surfaces a layer of fluff or a nap, which is meant to render'the cloth soft and to enhance its warming properties.

The object of the present invention is a process for the raising and curling of the hair or fiuif of raised cloths, or of cloths that are anyhow flufiy, in order to attain a very high layer of 'flufi (about twice or three times what is normally produced) and accordingly an air cushion, while the cloth will present great softness, and, as a consequence, greater insulating properties, which is apt to impart to the cloth a greater smoothness, while the air cushion causes the warming properties to be increased.

The said process essentially consists in submitting the fiufl' of the cloth to be treated to the action of a strong jet of air, either mixed with liquids or otherwise conditioned, or oven pure, such jet or pets of air being directed upon the fluff either perpendicularly or obliquely.

The annexed drawing schematically shows by way of example one of the most elementary methods to actuate the process according to the invention; in the said drawing:

Fig. 1 shows a piece of cloth undergoing the action of a fluid jet, seen from a side.

Fig. 2 shows the same seen from above.

Fig. 3 shows amulti-nozzled jet. i

Fig. 4 shows a system for the treatment the cloth onboth sides.

With reference to the anexed drawing: I shows a supporting surface for the cloth, made ofa light close metallic net stretched on a fixed frame;

- 2 shows the cloth under treatment: 3 is the nozzle that communicates with two flexible or stiff pipes or tubings, l and 5, the one for the liquid and the other for the compressedair supplied from acompressor. The said nozzle may be fitted upon a reciprocable carrier or other shifting device, if desired, although not shown in the drawing.

The same result will be attained .if in any' a series of jets 6, on a beam or transversal sup port fitted above the cloth, while the cloth is.

caused to run slowly under the said series of and the nozzle support'be shifted moving the mixed with other suitable fluids or not-may be jets. Otherwise, the cloth may not move at all,

nozzles in the direction of the flufi or vice-versa.

The said nozzle support may even be imparted a longitudinal vibratory movement.

In all the above said instances, the jet or jets of air, whether this be conditioned or not, thrown upon the flufl' 2' of the cloth (which fiufl? will be lying flat in one direction) will cause the fluff to rise owing to the whirlwind effect of the air ruilling it and causing it to remain standing or curled or so twisted together as to form a layer offering a very soft air cushion 2" (Figs. 1

and 2).

The operation, instead of its being carried out first on the-,one side or face of the cloth, and then on the other, may be carried out simultaneously on both sides, by treating the cloth on both sides at the same time.

' Instead of air, steam--whether mixed with other suitable fluids or not or gases of any kind used. a

The metallic net may be substituted by any kind of fabric, whether stretched or by smooth surfaces, of either wood," or iron or any other such likematerial.

Having now particularly described and ascertained the nature of my said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed, I declare that what I claim is:

, l. A process for raising the nap 0r fiuil' of raised cloths or cloths otherwise fiuffy, in which the fiufi' is flat and lies in one direction, which consists in subjecting the surface of said cloth upon one side to the action of at least one jet of fluid which is directed against said side and at an angle with respect to the. plane of the cloth, causing the jet of fluidto pass with an alternate movement over said surface in a direction transverse to the direction in which the fluff lies in order to produce a-whirlwind effect among the flufi fibres which will thus be raised,"curled and interwoven, with a resulting increase of the thickness and softness of the layer of fluff treated, and combining said alternate movement with a longitudinal intermittent movement at the end .of each stroke of said alternate movement,

in order to treat, step by step, the entire surface 3. A process according to claim 1,'wherein the fabric is moved longitudinally intermittently of fluid are directed simultaneously against-both while the jet is moved transversely of said, longisides of ,the cloth.

tudinal movement. 6. A process according to claim 1, wherein the 4. Aprocess according to claim 1, wherein a length is varied o! the transverse movement of plurality of stationary jets are arranged across 5 the jet-with respect to the direction in which the the entire width of the cloth while the latter nap oi the cloth lies.

continues its longitudinal movement. BRUNO SONNINO.

5. A process according to claim 1, wherein jets

US2241222A 1936-09-11 1937-08-28 Process for raising and curling the fluffs of fabrics Expired - Lifetime US2241222A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IT201929X 1936-09-11

Publications (1)

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US2241222A true US2241222A (en) 1941-05-06

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ID=11164596

Family Applications (1)

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US2241222A Expired - Lifetime US2241222A (en) 1936-09-11 1937-08-28 Process for raising and curling the fluffs of fabrics

Country Status (6)

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US (1) US2241222A (en)
BE (1) BE423490A (en)
DE (1) DE701415C (en)
FR (1) FR826390A (en)
GB (1) GB495735A (en)
NL (1) NL53205C (en)

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2970363A (en) * 1957-03-29 1961-02-07 Krauss Harold Pile fabric water-repelling and finishing process
US3256581A (en) * 1966-06-21 Apparatus for creating designs in pile fabrics
US3774272A (en) * 1971-06-07 1973-11-27 N Rubaschek Apparatus for forming embossed designs in pile fabrics
US4173077A (en) * 1975-09-13 1979-11-06 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process and additional devices of drying machines for the uniform drying of textiles
US4323760A (en) * 1979-12-13 1982-04-06 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus for temperature control of heated fluid in a fluid handling system
US4497095A (en) * 1978-04-13 1985-02-05 Teijin Limited Apparatus for preparing a suede-like raised woven or knitted fabric
US4499637A (en) * 1979-12-14 1985-02-19 Milliken Research Corporation Method for the production of materials having visual surface effects
US4670317A (en) * 1979-12-14 1987-06-02 Milliken Research Corporation Production of materials having visual surface effects
US4967456A (en) * 1987-04-23 1990-11-06 International Paper Company Apparatus and method for hydroenhancing fabric
US4995151A (en) * 1988-04-14 1991-02-26 International Paper Company Apparatus and method for hydropatterning fabric
US5136761A (en) * 1987-04-23 1992-08-11 International Paper Company Apparatus and method for hydroenhancing fabric
US5148583A (en) * 1983-01-07 1992-09-22 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus for patterning of substrates
US5202077A (en) * 1990-07-10 1993-04-13 Milliken Research Corporation Method for removal of substrate material by means of heated pressurized fluid stream
US5404626A (en) * 1993-10-25 1995-04-11 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus to create an improved moire fabric by utilizing pressurized heated gas
US5491857A (en) * 1991-06-24 1996-02-20 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus for treatment of pile fabric
US5632072A (en) * 1988-04-14 1997-05-27 International Paper Company Method for hydropatterning napped fabric
US5737813A (en) * 1988-04-14 1998-04-14 International Paper Company Method and apparatus for striped patterning of dyed fabric by hydrojet treatment
US5865933A (en) * 1996-11-12 1999-02-02 Milliken Research Corporation Method for selectively carving color contrasting patterns in textile fabric
US6668435B2 (en) * 2001-01-09 2003-12-30 Milliken & Company Loop pile fabrics and methods for making same
US20040029473A1 (en) * 2002-08-08 2004-02-12 Mckee Paul A. Flame resistant fabrics with improved aesthetics and comfort, and method of making same
CN103437073A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-12-11 杭州诺邦无纺股份有限公司 Spunlace flocking device and method

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE850288C (en) * 1950-03-28 1952-09-22 Heinrich Wilhelm Woehrmann A method for manufacturing a fabric with fluffy or fur-like surface
DE1128830B (en) * 1959-09-23 1962-05-03 Johs Girmes & Co Akt Ges Method and apparatus for entangling the nubs pile fabrics
DE1158033B (en) * 1959-10-21 1963-11-28 Calwer Decken Und Tuchfabriken A method for producing fluffy, high-pile and wool fabrics lammfellaehnlichen and an apparatus for practicing the method of
DE1295497B (en) * 1960-07-12 1969-05-14 Rachinger Hermann Method and apparatus for the production of pile carpets
DK158798C (en) * 1979-12-13 1990-12-31 Milliken Res Corp Method and apparatus for overflademoenstring of a material web
DE3272284D1 (en) * 1982-04-29 1986-09-04 Mitsubishi Rayon Co Process and apparatus for finishing velvet-like fabrics

Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3256581A (en) * 1966-06-21 Apparatus for creating designs in pile fabrics
US2970363A (en) * 1957-03-29 1961-02-07 Krauss Harold Pile fabric water-repelling and finishing process
US3774272A (en) * 1971-06-07 1973-11-27 N Rubaschek Apparatus for forming embossed designs in pile fabrics
US4173077A (en) * 1975-09-13 1979-11-06 Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft Process and additional devices of drying machines for the uniform drying of textiles
US4497095A (en) * 1978-04-13 1985-02-05 Teijin Limited Apparatus for preparing a suede-like raised woven or knitted fabric
US4323760A (en) * 1979-12-13 1982-04-06 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus for temperature control of heated fluid in a fluid handling system
US4499637A (en) * 1979-12-14 1985-02-19 Milliken Research Corporation Method for the production of materials having visual surface effects
US4670317A (en) * 1979-12-14 1987-06-02 Milliken Research Corporation Production of materials having visual surface effects
US5148583A (en) * 1983-01-07 1992-09-22 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus for patterning of substrates
US4967456A (en) * 1987-04-23 1990-11-06 International Paper Company Apparatus and method for hydroenhancing fabric
USRE40362E1 (en) 1987-04-23 2008-06-10 Polymer Group, Inc. Apparatus and method for hydroenhancing fabric
US5136761A (en) * 1987-04-23 1992-08-11 International Paper Company Apparatus and method for hydroenhancing fabric
US4995151A (en) * 1988-04-14 1991-02-26 International Paper Company Apparatus and method for hydropatterning fabric
US5632072A (en) * 1988-04-14 1997-05-27 International Paper Company Method for hydropatterning napped fabric
US5737813A (en) * 1988-04-14 1998-04-14 International Paper Company Method and apparatus for striped patterning of dyed fabric by hydrojet treatment
US5202077A (en) * 1990-07-10 1993-04-13 Milliken Research Corporation Method for removal of substrate material by means of heated pressurized fluid stream
US5674581A (en) * 1990-07-10 1997-10-07 Milliken Research Corporation Textile fabric having a thermally modified narrow channel to facilitate separation
US5491857A (en) * 1991-06-24 1996-02-20 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus for treatment of pile fabric
US5404626A (en) * 1993-10-25 1995-04-11 Milliken Research Corporation Method and apparatus to create an improved moire fabric by utilizing pressurized heated gas
US5865933A (en) * 1996-11-12 1999-02-02 Milliken Research Corporation Method for selectively carving color contrasting patterns in textile fabric
US6668435B2 (en) * 2001-01-09 2003-12-30 Milliken & Company Loop pile fabrics and methods for making same
US20040029473A1 (en) * 2002-08-08 2004-02-12 Mckee Paul A. Flame resistant fabrics with improved aesthetics and comfort, and method of making same
US20050208856A1 (en) * 2002-08-08 2005-09-22 Milliken & Company Flame resistant fabrics with improved aesthetics and comfort, and method of making same
US7168140B2 (en) 2002-08-08 2007-01-30 Milliken & Company Flame resistant fabrics with improved aesthetics and comfort, and method of making same
CN103437073A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-12-11 杭州诺邦无纺股份有限公司 Spunlace flocking device and method
CN103437073B (en) * 2013-08-07 2016-07-13 杭州诺邦无纺股份有限公司 One kind of spunlace flocking apparatus and method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FR826390A (en) 1938-03-30 grant
GB495735A (en) 1938-11-18 application
NL53205C (en) grant
BE423490A (en) grant
DE701415C (en) 1941-01-16 grant

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