US2231137A - Electric lighting fixture - Google Patents

Electric lighting fixture Download PDF

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Publication number
US2231137A
US2231137A US342417A US34241740A US2231137A US 2231137 A US2231137 A US 2231137A US 342417 A US342417 A US 342417A US 34241740 A US34241740 A US 34241740A US 2231137 A US2231137 A US 2231137A
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United States
Prior art keywords
cord
conductor
arm
lighting fixture
tube
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Expired - Lifetime
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US342417A
Inventor
Albert J D Ohm
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MARKEL ELECTRIC PRODUCTS Inc
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MARKEL ELECTRIC PRODUCTS Inc
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Priority to US342417A priority Critical patent/US2231137A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V21/00Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices; Hand grips
    • F21V21/14Adjustable mountings
    • F21V21/16Adjustable mountings using wires or cords

Description

Febo 119 :@L J. D. ELECTRIG LIGHTING FIXTURE Filed June 26, 1940 INVENTOR 14:267 J) 0% ATTORNEY Patented Feb. 11, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ELECTRIC LIGHTING FIXTURE Application June 26, 1940, Serial No. 342,417

5 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in electric lighting fixtures of the kind wherein the lamp is suspended from an electric cord, the latter being supported by an arm which, while permitting adjustment of the cord, at will, to vary the elevation of the light source, is adapted to engage the cord in sucha manner as to hold the lamp in any position to which it may be adjusted.

One object of the invention is to provide a fixture of the type generally described which is so designed that the required adjustments may be made as frequently as desired without likelihood of the cord becoming caught in the supporting arm and without reducing, or otherwise impairing, the resistance which the cord offers to such adjustments and which is availed of to hold the lamp at the desired elevation.

A further object is to provide a fixture which is simple in design and pleasing and attractive in appearance.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:

Figure 1 is a side elevational view of an electric lighting fixture embodying the features of the invention.

Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary section thereof.

The fixture, as illustrated, is of the wall-bracket type. It includes an ornamental shield 5 which is adapted to be mounted in conventional manner upon a wall or other support. A post 6 which is bolted or otherwise secured to the shield carries a tubular arm 1, the latter being in the shape 35 of a gooseneck and occupying a plane substantially normal to the plane of the shield. The lamp and the shade 8 therefor are carried by a socket 9, a cord I which is connected at one end to the socket passing through the arm 1 and being connected at its opposite end to a plug H which is adapted to be connected to a conveniently located outlet [2. Preferably the arm i has a uniform internal diameter which throughout its extent is sufiiciently larger than the di- 45 ameter of the cord to provide a certain measure of lateral freedom of the cord in the arm.

In accordance with the invention the arm 1 is designed to permit the cord to be drawn through it to adjust the lamp and shade unit to the desired elevation but to offer a resistance to the passage of the cord through it which will be adequate, without the aid of counterweights or clamping devices, to hold the lamp and shade unit at the desired elevation. To this end the said arm includes a body l3 and a shank H, the former being arcuate and having a relatively large radius which is predetermined to hold the lamp and shade unit the desired distance outwardly from the shield 5. The body of the arm is connected by a recurved portion l to the shank and the 5 latter terminates in connecting curved and recurved portions I6 and I1, respectively, it being noted in this connection that the radii of the said curved and recurved portions and recurved portion l5 are relatively short as compared to'the radius of the body of the arm.

The curved and recurved portions of the arm 1 provide internal arched shoulders l8 (Figure 2) around which the cord I0 is bent and against which the bends l9 formed therein are pressed, the bends l9 acting against the shoulders l8 to resist movement of the cord in either direction to an extent adequate for the purpose in view. When it is desired to lower the lamp and shade unit the socket 9 is grasped and pulled downward. To elevate the said unit it is only necessary to grasp the part of the cord In below the shank of the arm and pull it downward, it being noted that slack 20 is provided in the cord between the arm and the outlet I2 to enable the lamp and shade unit to be adjusted in the manner described.

It will be apparent from the foregoing that as the cord I0 is drawn through the arm 'I incidental to the adjustment of the light source, the resistance offered by the body I3 will, owing to its large radius and the difference between the internal diameter of the arm 1 and the diameter of the cord, be substantially negligible. However, in its passage through the shank M of the arm the curved and recurved portions thereof cause the cord to be pressed firmly against the shoulders I8. Movement of the cord through the arm is thus resisted, the extent of such resistance depending in a large measure upon the resistance offered by the cord to the deforming action of the shoulders. In other words any movement of the cord through the shank I4 is accompanied by bending and straightening of the engaged cord sections. The curved and recurved portions of the shank are formed so that the force required to pull the cord through the arm is greater than that which would be counterbalanced by the weight of the lamp and shade unit, it being understood that the resistance to the movement of the cord through the shank portion of the arm includes as one factor the resistance provided by the contacting areas of the cord and the shoulders l8 and as a second factor the resistance which the cord offers to the formation and elimination 55 of the bends I9. In this connection it will be noted that the shaping of the arm so that a curve in one direction is followed by a curve in the opposite direction increases in a substantial degree the effectiveness of the curves. Slight curves will thus provide the proper amount of resistance while avoiding the possibility of the cord becoming caught in the tube as might otherwise be possible if the curves were abrupt.

The construction described has the advantage that the resistance which the cord offers to being drawn through the arm I is not reduced substantially even though the surface of the cord is, or should become, smooth. The use of cords having special coverings or the accurate fitting of the arms of the fixtures to such cords is thus avoided. A further advantage obtained is that as the resistance which is availed of to support the light source at the desired elevation is furnished substantially entirely by the shank of the arm l,

wide latitude with respect to the size, shape and ornamental appearance of the body is thus afiorded.

It will be appreciated that the features of the invention may be incorporated to equal advantage in various types of fixtures and that the illustration of a fixture of the wall-bracket type is intended to be by way of example only.

I claim as my invention:

1. An electric lighting fixture including a flexible conductor, an illuminating um't suspended from one end of said conductor and an arm formed from a tube for supporting said conductor, said tube having an internal diameter which throughout its length is greater than the diameter of the conductor and being formed with one portion through which the conductor may move relatively freely without substantial frictional resistance being offered by the walls of the tube and with a connecting curved portion of relatively small radius which resists movement of the conductor to such an extent that the illuminating unit will be held in various positions of adjustment.

2. An electric lighting fixture including a flexible conductor, an illuminating unit suspended from one end of said conductor and an arm formed from a tube for supporting said conductor, said tube having an internal diameter which throughout its length is greater than the diameter of the conductor and being formed with a curved body portion of relatively large radius through which the conductor may move relatively freely without substantial frictional resistance being offered by the walls of the tube and with a connecting curved portion of relatively small radius which resists movement of the conductor to such an extent that the illuminating unit will be held in various positions of adjustment.

3. An electric lighting fixture includinga flexible conductor, an illuminating unit suspended from one end of said conductor and an arm formed from a tube for supporting said conductor, said tube having an internal diameter which throughout its length is greater than the diameter of the conductor and being formed with a curved body portion of relatively large radius through which the conductor may move relatively freely without substantial frictional resistance being offered by the walls of the tube and with a connecting recurved portion of relatively small radius which resists movement of the conductor to such an extent that the illuminating unit will be held in various positions of adjustment.

4. An electric lighting fixture including a flexible conductor, an illuminating unit suspended from one end of said conductor and an arm formed from a tube for supporting said conductor, said tube having an internal diameter which throughout its length is greater than the diameter of the conductor and being formed a with a body portion through which the conductor may move relatively freely and with connecting curved and recurved portions which resist movement of the conductor to such an extent that the illuminating unit will be held in various positions of adjustment.

5. An electric lighting fixture including a flexible conductor, an illuminating unit suspended from one end of said conductor and an arm formed from a tube for supporting said conductor, said tube having an internal diameter which throughout its length is greater than the diameter of the conductor and being formed with a curved body of relatively large radius through which the conductor may move relatively freely

US342417A 1940-06-26 1940-06-26 Electric lighting fixture Expired - Lifetime US2231137A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608369A (en) * 1948-06-23 1952-08-26 Hubbard & Co Street-lighting fixture
US2777944A (en) * 1953-11-23 1957-01-15 James P Koch Wall lamp
US2920855A (en) * 1957-10-31 1960-01-12 Elmer J Giebel Bracket for bait can
US2950892A (en) * 1956-10-12 1960-08-30 Rick Chester Portable lamp
US3000606A (en) * 1957-08-16 1961-09-19 American Sterilizer Co Balanced mounting means for a surgical lamp
US3203746A (en) * 1964-04-17 1965-08-31 Evelyn R Shell Utility rack
US3709453A (en) * 1970-08-28 1973-01-09 A Castiglioni Vertically and circularly displaceable support
US5006968A (en) * 1989-12-27 1991-04-09 Miller Elmo E Wall mounted lamp with adjustable pattern of illumination
DE19752812A1 (en) * 1997-11-28 1999-06-10 Leonhard Bopp Suspended light, esp. for low voltages
USD487526S1 (en) 2003-05-19 2004-03-09 Kevin Hsu Outdoor lamp
USD487530S1 (en) 2003-05-19 2004-03-09 Kevin Hsu Outdoor lamp
US20050128758A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-06-16 Brick Ronald E. Light fixture

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2608369A (en) * 1948-06-23 1952-08-26 Hubbard & Co Street-lighting fixture
US2777944A (en) * 1953-11-23 1957-01-15 James P Koch Wall lamp
US2950892A (en) * 1956-10-12 1960-08-30 Rick Chester Portable lamp
US3000606A (en) * 1957-08-16 1961-09-19 American Sterilizer Co Balanced mounting means for a surgical lamp
US2920855A (en) * 1957-10-31 1960-01-12 Elmer J Giebel Bracket for bait can
US3203746A (en) * 1964-04-17 1965-08-31 Evelyn R Shell Utility rack
US3709453A (en) * 1970-08-28 1973-01-09 A Castiglioni Vertically and circularly displaceable support
US5006968A (en) * 1989-12-27 1991-04-09 Miller Elmo E Wall mounted lamp with adjustable pattern of illumination
DE19752812A1 (en) * 1997-11-28 1999-06-10 Leonhard Bopp Suspended light, esp. for low voltages
USD487526S1 (en) 2003-05-19 2004-03-09 Kevin Hsu Outdoor lamp
USD487530S1 (en) 2003-05-19 2004-03-09 Kevin Hsu Outdoor lamp
US20050128758A1 (en) * 2003-09-02 2005-06-16 Brick Ronald E. Light fixture

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