US2228646A - Fluorescent lamp holder - Google Patents

Fluorescent lamp holder Download PDF

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Publication number
US2228646A
US2228646A US24718238A US2228646A US 2228646 A US2228646 A US 2228646A US 24718238 A US24718238 A US 24718238A US 2228646 A US2228646 A US 2228646A
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Prior art keywords
lamp
holder
end
bell
ends
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Expired - Lifetime
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William J Summers
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William J Summers
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RLINE CONNECTORS; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R33/00Coupling devices in which a holder is adapted for supporting apparatus to which its counterpart is attached; Separate parts thereof
    • H01R33/05Two-pole devices
    • H01R33/06Two-pole devices with two current-carrying pins, blades or analogous contacts, having their axes parallel to each other
    • H01R33/08Two-pole devices with two current-carrying pins, blades or analogous contacts, having their axes parallel to each other for supporting tubular fluorescent lamp
    • H01R33/0836Two-pole devices with two current-carrying pins, blades or analogous contacts, having their axes parallel to each other for supporting tubular fluorescent lamp characterised by the lamp holding means

Description

Jan. 14, 1941. w. J. SUMMERS FLUORESCENT LAMP HOLDER Filed Dec. 22, 1938 WENTOR. W/LU/IM J w1m= es BY %TORNEY Patented Jan. 14, 1941 UNITED STATES FLUORESCENT LAMP HOLDER William I. Summers, Chicago, Ill. Application December 22, 1938, Serial No. 247,182

7 Claims;

This invention relates to devices for mounting electric lamps, especially lamps of the fluorescent type that are of elongated tubular construction and are provided at their ends with longitudinal disposed studs for connection with a suitable electric current.

Lamps of the fluorescent type are usually quite long, sometimes several feet, and extreme care must be exercised in removing or replacing the lamp from the socket. One difliculty which has arisen is the liability of the lamp accidentally falling out of one or both holders when such holders are installed in an inverted position, such as when the lamp is used to provide downwardly directed illumination from within an elongated restricted housing.

The lamp holder disclosed herein is designed for providing ready accessibility to the lamp. This is attained by means, associated with the lamp holder, that permit the lamp to be easily inserted in or removed from the holder .or mount. In addition, provision is made to prevent accidental displacement of the lamp, thereby adding a safety factor to the structure.

It is an object of this invention to provide a lamp holder that is novel in the construction and arrangement of its parts. Other objects are to provide a device of this character that is effective and dependable in operation, is easy to install,

30 which is made of simple and sturdy parts, and which is economical to manufacture so that it may be sold for a reasonable retail price to the user. The above-mentioned and other advantages will be apparent to persons skilled in the art after 35 the construction and operation of the present device is understood from the within detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing that forms a part hereof.

In the drawing:

40 Figure 1 is a view near the end of a housing showing a lamp holder in face elevation therein, the lamp being omitted.

Figure 2 is a side elevation of the lamp holder with the lamp in place.

45 Figure 3 is a vertical section on line 3-3 of Figure 1 showing normal operative position of the lamp.

Figure 4 is a side elevation similar to Figure 2 50 showing the lamp dislodged from normal position and maintained in the holder by a safety device.

Figure 5 is a rear view of the lamp holder with the cover plate removed.

Figure 6 is a side view illustrating the manner of 55 ejecting or inserting the lamp.

Figure 'I is a vertical section through the holder body with the parts removed.

It will be understood the drawing is generally schematic and is for the purpose of disclosing a typical or preferred embodiment of this invention, and in the drawing similar reference characters are used to identify the same parts in the different views.

Figures 1 and 2 show a lamp and holder in a show-case illuminator mounted in the top of the case'on the rail A below the glass plate D. The housing is supported on a strip 5 secured to rail A and comprises a top wall ii and longitudinal sides l2 and I3. A false top l'l spaced below the top provides a wire-way a: for conductors. Walls 2| close the housing ends and screws 23 secure rectangular plates 22 to the ends to provide small wiring boxes. A bushing 24 in an end wall 2| has a. pipe 25 secured in it to lead the wires into the housing to the lamp mounts. Briefly stated, the 20 lamp comprises a tube 26 of glass of several inches in length that is sealed at its ends with metal caps 21 and is charged with a gaseous element that becomes fluorescent when subjected to the proper electric current. longitudinally disposed terminal 25 pins or studs 28 project from the ends of the lamp for connection, through the medium of the sockets or holder elements, with the electric circuit. In the present structure anovel lamp holder or socket is installed at the ends of the 30 housing whereby the lamp may be quickly mounted or dismounted, and these holdersare provided with means for insuring the retention of, the terminal pins against accidental dislodgement from a holder as well as means for ejecting these pins from their normally operative position. This novel holder comprises a body of substantially L- shape that is preferably cast or molded resinous or phenolic condensation product such as that commercially known as Bakelite. The lateral member 30 of the body has transverse bores 3i and screws 32 pass there-through and securely anchor this member to the under side of the false top l'l so that the other member 33 of the body depends into the housing as shown in Figure 1. The side of the member 33 opposite the lateral member is provided with longitudinal parallel channels 34 that are divided by a solid wall 35, and-which have deepened portions 36 at their lower ends. The upper ends of spring contact tongues 31 are anchored in theshallow top portions of the channels and the lower free ends of these tongues, which have a V-shaped formation 33 project into the lower deeper portions 38 of said channels. Threaded binding posts 33 screw the drawing. By means of this arrangement the terminal pins or studs have endwise engagement with the tongues and when said pins initially enter the lower ends of the slots they will engage with oblique freeends of said tongues and push said tongues backward towards the opposite side of the body member 83, andfurther movement of the pinsintheslotswfllcause themtoslidepast the apex of each v-bend it as they come to rest and seatintheendsoftheslots ll.

The V-bends and the tension of the spring tongues would ordinarily be suflicient to maintain the lamp studs against dislodgement from the slots ll except in the event of sudden jar or an undue vibration, and in order to insure against any accidental displacement of the studs with resultant damage to the lamp, effective means are provided to positively retain the studs in the slots and prevent the lamp dropping out of these holders. This means is in the form of a combined retainer and ejector device that operates automatically when the lamp studs are inserted into the slots II. This device is a swinging element that is constructed upon the princlple of a bell-crank, although it may take other forms and operate with equal efiiciency. As

' shown herein, the device is fabricated from a sheet-metal blank bent'into the desired form so that two spaced L-shaped side elements are provided that embody vertical arms 4| with lateral or horizontal arms 42 disposed at approximately right angles to the vertical arms. These L-shaped elements are positioned alongside the edges of the body member 33 of the holder and they are fulcrumed at the juncture of the arms ll and 42 upon a pivot 43. This pivotal element may be a pin that passes through the block that provides the body of the holder, or the retainer may be pivotally carried by a convenient portion of the housing near the holder. The free ends of the arms ll that are remote to the pivot are connected by a bridge-piece I! that extends across the open ends of the pin slots II to perform the function of a retainer and prevent the pins 28 moving out of said slots. When however the device is swung to the proper position the bridgepiece will clear the ends of the slots thereby permitting the tenninal pins on the lamp to be moved out of the slots. It will be seen this bridgepiece 44, is of sufiicient width so that one margin extends across the adjacent edge of the closure cap 21 at the end of the lamp body.

The arms 4| and the bridge-piece 44 together form a U-shaped element that is disposed along the sides and end of the body member 33 of the socket, and if desired these arms may press against the sides of the body to frictio'nally maintain the structure in different positions into which it may be moved. As shown in .Fig. 6 this device may have free swinging movement upon its fulcrum in order that positive means may be utilised to yieldably maintain it in an operative position with the bridge-piece 44 disposed across the ends of the slots II. For this p p se use is made of a spring wire that has a coil 15 enaasaese into the body at the upper ends ofthe tonsuu icr circling the pivot pin 4:

andhas one end 40 pressedagainstanedgeofthearmll ofthe retainer while the other end 41 of the wire is anchored to the molded body of the socket in any suitable manner. A curved lip or flange 48 extends outwardly i'rom a margin of the bridgepiece 44 to afiord means to be grasped in the fingers to manually move the retainer away from the slots to release the lamp studs. Whenthe lamp is being inserted in the holder the ends of the terminal studs may be pressed against the face of this lip 48 to overcome the urge of the spring and thus swing the retainer to a positionwhere the studs may enter the slots and may be moved to their proper positions against the tongues 31 back of the V-bends. When the studs have entered their slots the spring 45 will automatically return the retainer to its normal position. 7

It will be understood the bridge-piece 44 need not extend across the end of the lamp body in the manner described, but it should aflord means that prevent the escape of the studs 28 from the slots 40. Furthermore, the retainer need not be of the U-shaped formation shown, for it is obvious the device will successfully operate if made L-shape by entirely omitting one of the bellcranks and by leaving 01! the arm 42 in such a modified structure. As will later appear herein, the bell-crank formation is desirable for providing means to eject the lamp from the socket when the retainer is being operated.

when the retainer is swung out of normal position to clear the slots 40 the lamp may be pulled out of position causing pins to move in the slots past the V-bends I8 and be released. This removal of the lamp is assisted by, providing ejector means that are operated by the retainer. The ejector is preferably a part of the short arms 42 of the bell-cranks and embody transversely bent portions of triangular shape at the outer free ends of said arms that provide ejection fingers 49 extending towards each other in the manner shown in Figure 1. Normally, these fingers 4! contact the face of the lateral member ll of the socket or holder near the outer edge thereof, andin this position said fingers will be disposed back of the end of the lamp so that when the retainer is moved to uncover the slots 40 these fingers will push against the lamp and move it in a direction away from the member 30 until the ends of studs 28 have been cleared from the V-bends it on the tongues. This operation readily ejects the lamp from the socket. During types having terminal studs projecting longitudinally from their ends, and the operation of relamping the fixture is greatly facilitated by means of the special accessories that are combined in co-active relation with each other. Also the risk of the lamp accidentally slipping out of the sockets or holders is avoided. Owing to the necessarily restricted cross-sectional dimensions of the housing when used as a show-case illuminator considerable inconvenience may be experienced in removing the lamp with the lingers, but by using this improved holder, with the ejector coacting therewithf'the lamp is readily expelled from the housing without diillculty. Still another advantage of this structure resides in the fact that the spring contact members in the lamp holders yield in the direction of the length oi the lamp thereby equalizing or balancing the lamp between the holders as well as insuringthe same degree of contact at both ends of the lamp. What is claimed is: 1. A holder and ejector device for tubular lamps having end studs, said device embodying a base having a longitudinal slot that opens through its outer end and is adapted to receive a lamp stud; means for mounting said base'; a bell-crank fulcrumed on said base; a lateral extension at the free end of one of the arms of said bell-crank, said extension disposed normally across the open end 01' said stud-receiving slot; an ejector. lug disposed laterally at the free end oi the other arm of said bell-crank; stop means normally limiting movement of the bellcrank in one direction; and yielding means adapted normally to urge the bell-crank in the aforesaid direction, whereby movement of the bell-crank away from its normal position is adapted to move said lug in a direction to eject the lamp from the holder.

2. A holder and ejector device for tubular lamps having end studs, said device embodying a base having a longitudinal slot that opens through its outer end and is adapted to receive a lamp stud; means for mounting said base; bell-cranks fulcrumed upon opposite 'sides of said base; a cross-piece connecting the free ends of correspondingly disposed arms of said bell-cranks, said cross-piece disposed normally across the open end of said stud-receiving slot whereby to maintain the lamp against dislodgement; ejector lugs projecting laterally towards each other at the free ends of the other arms of said bell-cranks; stop means normally limiting movement of the bell-cranks in one direction; and yieldable means adapted to normally urge the bell-cranks in the aforesaid direction, whereby movement of the bell-cranks away from their normal positions is adapted to move said lugs in an opposite direction to eject the lamp from the holder.

3. A holder and ejector device for tubular lamps having end studs, said device embodying a substantially L-shaped block the lateral portion of which constitutes a mounting member and the body portion of which extends outwardly therefrom; said body portion having a longitudinal slot that opens through the outer end of the body and is adapted to receive a lamp stud; a bellcrank iulcrumed on said block; a lateral extension at the free end of one of the arms of said bellcrank, said extension disposed normally across the open end of said stud-receiving slot; an ejector lug disposed laterally at the free end of the other arm of said bell-crank; and yielding means adapted to normally urge the bell-crank ir direction to engage said lug with the mount- 5 member of said block, whereby movement of the bell-crank away from its normal position is adapted to move said lug in a direction to eject the lamp from the holder.

4. A holder and ejector device for tubular lamps having end studs, said device embodying a substantially L-shaped block the lateral portion of which constitutes a mounting member and the body portion of which extends outwardly there'- from, said body portion having a longitudinal slot that opens through the outer end of the body and is adapted to receive a lamp stud; a bell-crank rulcrumed on said block, therespective arms or said bell-crank extending in the same general directions as the mounting member and thebody of said block; a lateral extension-at the free end holder; and yieldable means adapted to normally urge said bell-crank in a direction to engage said lug with the mounting member of said block.

5. A holder and ejector device for tubular lamps having end studs, said device embodying a substantially 'L-shaped block the lateral portion of which constitutes a mounting member and the body portion of which extends outwardly therefrom, said body portion having a longitudinal slot that opens through the outer end of the body and is adapted to receive a lamp stud; bell-cranks fulcrumed upon opposite sides of said block; a cross-piece connecting the free ends of correspondingly disposed arms of said bell-cranks, said cross-piece disposed normally across the open end of said stud-receiving slot whereby to maintain.

the lamp against dislodgement; ejector lugs projecting laterally towards each" other at the free ends of the other arms of said bell-cranks; and yieldable means adapted to normally urge said bell-cranks in a direction to engage said lugs with the mounting member of said block, whereby movement of said bell-cranks away fromtheir normal positions is adapted to move said lugs in directions to eject the lamp from the holder.

6. A holder and ejector device for tubular lamps having end studs, said device embodying a substantially L-shaped block the lateral portion of which constitutes a mounting member and the body portion of which extends outwardly therefrom, said body portion having alongitudinal slot that opens through the outer end of the body and is adapted'to receive a lamp stud; bell-cranks fulcrumed on the sides of said block and arranged with their arms extending respectively in the same general directions as the mounting member and the body of said block; a cross-piece extending across'the open end of said slot, said cross-piece connecting the free ends of the bell-crank arms which are alongside the body of said block, whereby the lamp is maintained against dislodgement and said bell-cranks are adalpted for simultaneous movement; ejector lugs projecting inwardly towards each other at the free ends of the other,

arms of said bell-cranks, said lugs disposed normally back of the lamp; and yieldable means adapted to normally urge said bell-cranks simultaneously in a direction to engage said lugs with the mounting member ,of said block, whereby movement of said bell-cranks against the urge of said yieldable means is adapted to move said lugs in directions to eject the lamp from the holder.

7. A holder and ejector device for tubular lamps having an end stud, said device embodying a base having a longitudinal slot that opens through an end of said base and adapted to receive the lamp stud; means for mounting said base; a lever pivotally mounted intermediate its ends upon said base, the axis of the pivot being transverse 4- opaque to the longitudinal axis oi the lamp; an extension said open end 'ther eoi'when the said extension is on said lever projecting across the open ended moved out oi proximity to the-laid open end said slotto i'orma closure tor said slot; a portion '0! the slot; and means tending normally to 0! said lever being positioned to engage behind position the saidextension across the said slot. 7 5 and bodily move the proximate end of the lamp .7 I

to remove the said stud out or said slot through

US2228646A 1938-12-22 1938-12-22 Fluorescent lamp holder Expired - Lifetime US2228646A (en)

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Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2424874A (en) * 1943-04-02 1947-07-29 Miller Co Lamp retainer for fluorescent lamps and the like
US2426022A (en) * 1945-02-09 1947-08-19 Bryant Electric Co Lamp retaining means for fluorescent lamp sockets
US2438012A (en) * 1945-07-20 1948-03-16 Westinghouse Electric Corp Lamp holders
US2473925A (en) * 1945-03-15 1949-06-21 Bryant Electric Co Lamp holder for double-ended discharge lamps
US2505775A (en) * 1945-09-21 1950-05-02 Hubbell Harvey Clip for fluorescent lamp sockets
US2519636A (en) * 1946-12-02 1950-08-22 Cav Ltd Electric lamp holder for tubular lamps having pin contacts
US2534955A (en) * 1945-10-23 1950-12-19 Gen Electric Lamp holder for circular lamps
US2537161A (en) * 1945-02-01 1951-01-09 Bryant Electric Co Lamp holder for tubular fluorescent lamps
US2766371A (en) * 1950-12-11 1956-10-09 Wimmersperg Heinrich Ferdi Von Flash gun
DE960841C (en) * 1948-10-02 1957-03-28 Vossloh Werke Gmbh Version for fluorescent lamps or tubes with pin base
US2789205A (en) * 1953-04-15 1957-04-16 Kalart Co Inc Photoflash unit
US3054980A (en) * 1958-03-20 1962-09-18 Bryant Electric Co Wiring device
US3118613A (en) * 1962-02-15 1964-01-21 Imp Camera Corp Flash bulb holder and camera assembly
US3781759A (en) * 1972-08-14 1973-12-25 Gulton Ind Inc Fluorescent lamp receptacle
US5369558A (en) * 1993-11-10 1994-11-29 Peerless Lighting Corporation Fluorescent lamp removing device
US5425654A (en) * 1993-10-05 1995-06-20 Molex Incorporated Electrical connector assembly with cam lever lock mechanism
US20030214778A1 (en) * 2002-04-04 2003-11-20 Vossloh-Schwabe Gmbh Holder for electrical units
WO2005001884A2 (en) * 2003-05-08 2005-01-06 Bji Energy Solutions Llc Fluorescent lamp socket system
EP1672752A1 (en) * 2004-12-16 2006-06-21 BJB GmbH & Co. KG Terminal block for lamps, in particular for circular lamps

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2424874A (en) * 1943-04-02 1947-07-29 Miller Co Lamp retainer for fluorescent lamps and the like
US2537161A (en) * 1945-02-01 1951-01-09 Bryant Electric Co Lamp holder for tubular fluorescent lamps
US2426022A (en) * 1945-02-09 1947-08-19 Bryant Electric Co Lamp retaining means for fluorescent lamp sockets
US2473925A (en) * 1945-03-15 1949-06-21 Bryant Electric Co Lamp holder for double-ended discharge lamps
US2438012A (en) * 1945-07-20 1948-03-16 Westinghouse Electric Corp Lamp holders
US2505775A (en) * 1945-09-21 1950-05-02 Hubbell Harvey Clip for fluorescent lamp sockets
US2534955A (en) * 1945-10-23 1950-12-19 Gen Electric Lamp holder for circular lamps
US2519636A (en) * 1946-12-02 1950-08-22 Cav Ltd Electric lamp holder for tubular lamps having pin contacts
DE960841C (en) * 1948-10-02 1957-03-28 Vossloh Werke Gmbh Version for fluorescent lamps or tubes with pin base
US2766371A (en) * 1950-12-11 1956-10-09 Wimmersperg Heinrich Ferdi Von Flash gun
US2789205A (en) * 1953-04-15 1957-04-16 Kalart Co Inc Photoflash unit
US3054980A (en) * 1958-03-20 1962-09-18 Bryant Electric Co Wiring device
US3118613A (en) * 1962-02-15 1964-01-21 Imp Camera Corp Flash bulb holder and camera assembly
US3781759A (en) * 1972-08-14 1973-12-25 Gulton Ind Inc Fluorescent lamp receptacle
US5425654A (en) * 1993-10-05 1995-06-20 Molex Incorporated Electrical connector assembly with cam lever lock mechanism
US5369558A (en) * 1993-11-10 1994-11-29 Peerless Lighting Corporation Fluorescent lamp removing device
US20030214778A1 (en) * 2002-04-04 2003-11-20 Vossloh-Schwabe Gmbh Holder for electrical units
WO2005001884A2 (en) * 2003-05-08 2005-01-06 Bji Energy Solutions Llc Fluorescent lamp socket system
US20050026483A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2005-02-03 Latsis Chris Petros Fluorescent lamp socket system
US6869298B2 (en) * 2003-05-08 2005-03-22 T-1 Lighting, A Division Of Bji Energy Solutions, Llc Fluorescent lamp socket system
WO2005001884A3 (en) * 2003-05-08 2005-05-19 Bji Energy Solutions Llc Fluorescent lamp socket system
US20050148242A1 (en) * 2003-05-08 2005-07-07 T-1 Lighting, A Division Of Bji Energy Solutions, Llc Fluorescent lamp socket system
EP1672752A1 (en) * 2004-12-16 2006-06-21 BJB GmbH & Co. KG Terminal block for lamps, in particular for circular lamps

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