US2227853A - Multiple-piston engine - Google Patents

Multiple-piston engine Download PDF

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Publication number
US2227853A
US2227853A US21763938A US2227853A US 2227853 A US2227853 A US 2227853A US 21763938 A US21763938 A US 21763938A US 2227853 A US2227853 A US 2227853A
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cylinder
engine
pistons
piston
fly
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Turner Algernon
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Turner Algernon
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B9/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines characterised by connections between pistons and main shafts and not specific to preceding groups
    • F01B9/04Reciprocating-piston machines or engines characterised by connections between pistons and main shafts and not specific to preceding groups with rotary main shaft other than crankshaft
    • F01B9/06Reciprocating-piston machines or engines characterised by connections between pistons and main shafts and not specific to preceding groups with rotary main shaft other than crankshaft the piston motion being transmitted by curved surfaces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B75/00Other engines
    • F02B75/28Engines with two or more pistons reciprocating within same cylinder or within essentially coaxial cylinders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B9/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines characterised by connections between pistons and main shafts and not specific to preceding groups
    • F01B9/04Reciprocating-piston machines or engines characterised by connections between pistons and main shafts and not specific to preceding groups with rotary main shaft other than crankshaft
    • F01B9/06Reciprocating-piston machines or engines characterised by connections between pistons and main shafts and not specific to preceding groups with rotary main shaft other than crankshaft the piston motion being transmitted by curved surfaces
    • F01B2009/061Reciprocating-piston machines or engines characterised by connections between pistons and main shafts and not specific to preceding groups with rotary main shaft other than crankshaft the piston motion being transmitted by curved surfaces by cams
    • F01B2009/065Bi-lobe cams
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/22Miscellaneous

Description

Jan. 7, 1941. A. TURNER 2,227,853

MULTIPLE-PISTON ENGINE Filed July 5, 1938 2 Sheets-She'b l 2.7 B OW O 12 ELfi I.

. Mrmfor A. Tamer Jan. 7, 1941. A. TURNER MULTIPLE-PISTON ENGINE Filed July 5, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l/wenfor ,4 721mm 5 Patented Jan. 7, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Canad Application July 5, 1938, Serial No. 217,639 In Great Britain July 6, 1937 6 Claims.

My invention relates to improvements in multiple-piston internal expansion engines, and an object of my invention is to provide an expansion engine, the principles of which may be employed in an internal combustion engine, or by slight modifications, in a steam engine, air compressor pump or the like, the structure herewithin described and illustrated applying to internal combustion gasoline engines.

A further object of my invention is to provide an engine of the character herewithin described in which side thrust and wear upon the pistons such as takes place in conventional internal expansion engine design, is eliminated, the side thrust being balanced out in the case of my engine by the opposite rotation of the cam.

A further object of my invention is to provide an engine of the character herewithin described in which the intake and exhaust ports are at opposite ends of the cylinder in contrast to conventional internal expansion engine design thus permitting a more complete scavenging action and less dilution of the fuel charge.

A further object of my invention is to provide an engine of the character herewithin described in which the power impulses are not applied direct to a crank shaft as in conventional practice but are applied to cams positioned at diametrically opposed points, thereby reducing vibration and permitting the use of lighter weight transmission shafts.

A further object of my invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described in which improvements in the balancing of the engine are attained by the provision of equal weights in direct opposition to each other and moving in opposite directions at all times.

A further object of my invention is to provide an engine in which the necessary power may be produced by the use of a. small number of large diameter cylinders instead of a larger number of small cylinders as is the case in standard internal combustion engine design.

A further object of my invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described in which wear is eliminated to a very considerable extent, and in which the principal wear takes place in parts which may be very easily and inexpensively replaced.

A further object of my invention is to provide a device of the character herewithin described in which manufacturing and upkeep costs are both inconsiderable compared with standard internal combustion engine practice, and in which fuel consumption will be materially decreased over that required in the case of an internal expansion engine of standard type of equal horse power, to a motor of the type herewithin described.

With the above more important objects in View and such other minor objects as may appear as the specification proceeds, my invention consists essentially in the arrangement and construction of parts all as hereinafter more particularly described, reference beinghad to the accompanying drawings, in which:

, Figure l is a sectional elevation of my multiplepiston engine.

Figure 2 is a perspective illustration of my engine with a portion of the casing shown broken.

In the drawings like characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the difierent figures.

I am aware that it is common practice to employ a pair of co-axial opposed cylinders, each having a piston therewithin secured to a connecting rod which is in turn secured at its opposite end to a crank shaft positioned within a crank case positioned between the two opposing cylin=' ders, such engines having been used considerably for' the propulsion of motorcycles. My invention, however, differs radically from the foregoing and although illustrated and described herein as a two-stroke engine may be modified to operate on a four-stroke cycle if desired. The same may briefly be said to consist of a cylinder A, positioned within a casing B, two pistons being positioned for movement in opposition one to the other within the cylinder. Each of the pistons is provided with a diametrically extending gudgeon pin which extends through a pair of diametrically opposed and longitudinally extending slots 9, positioned upon each side of the central transverse axial plane of the cylinder, the ends of the gudgeon pins forming trunnions.

A connecting rod C is secured centrally to each of the trunnions, the connecting rods being paired and connected at their outer ends by a shaft D to each end of each of which is journalled a camfollower. The cam-followers ride in a cam track E secured upon the inner side of each of two pairs of meshing fly wheels F, the position illustrated in Figures 1 and 2 of the accompanying drawings corresponding to top dead-centre in' the conventional type of engine.

Driving fluid enters through the valve G, being sucked into the manifold during the movement of the pistons towards each other, during which time driving fluid in the compression chamber H is compressed to be ignited (in the case of gasoline and the like) by a spark whereupon the pistons are forced apart, the exhaust gas being discharged through the ring of apertures J, and at this time the charge of fuel which has been sucked in on the compression stroke is forced, by the outward thrust of the pistons into the compression chamber to form a fresh charge, the same entering via the ring of intake apertures K.

Having now given a brief description of my invention, a detailed statement of .its construction will follow.

My invention consists of a cylinder block I which includes a spaced outer jacket 2 and an inner cylinder 3 divided into two portions, a right hand portion 4 and a left hand portion. 5, the cyl-- inder block as will be clearly apparent from the: drawings accompanying this application, lying in a horizontal position.

Within the cylinder 3 is a pair of opposed pistons 6 and I, the .piston 6 occupying the left-hand portion 5 of the cylinder, and the piston 1 occupying the right-hand portion 4 thereof when the motor is at dead center. A gudgeon pin 8 extends diametrically and horizontally through each piston and through a pair of aligned diametrically opposed slots 9 extending horizontally upon the sides of each of the portions 4 and 5, the outer end of the gudgeon pin constituting trunnions 8'.

Secured centrally and rigidly to each of the trunnions, is a connecting rod Hlof the configuration clearly illustrated, and for clarity I will designate the connecting rods as-sociated' with the .piston 6 by the numeral II and those associated with the piston I by the numeral [2. At each end of each of the four connecting rods is a spindle I3 upon which is journalled at each end thereof, a cam follower l4 and a second cam follower l5 of slightly larger diameter for a reason presently to be described, the assembly being suitably secured as by means of the nut Hi. Journ-alled in the semi-cylindrical housing I! upon drive shafts I8 and i9, I provide two pairs of fly wheels 20 and 2|, (these latter not shown but in all respects similar to the fly wheels 20 and balancing the same), these fly wheels being geared upon their peripheries with the two fly wheels upon each side being in mesh one with the other. I

Suitably secured upon the inner face of each of the fly Wheels is a cam track 22, these cam tracks being elliptical in shape and consisting of an outer flange 23 and an inner elliptical plate 24 secured to the inner face of each of the fly wheels as by means of studs 25.

The periphery of each of the flanges 23 is parallel to the periphery of each of the plates 24, but it will be noted by reference to Figure 2 of the drawings accompanying this application, that the peripheries of the plates 24 are slightly off-set with respect to the outer edge of each of the flanges 23, the arrangement being that the cam followers M will ride the periphery of the plate, while the slightly larger cam followers 15 will ride the inner surface of the flanges 23.

The engine as illustrated, is in the position which corresponds to top dead-center in the conventional type of internal expansion engine, and in this position it will be seen that the pistons 6 and I are at their maximum distances apart.

The central portion of the cylinder 3 which constitutes my compression and explosion chamber 23, is suitably water jacketed as at 21, and I provide an aperture 28 extending through this portion for the attachment of a spark plug 29 or for a fuel injector if the engine should be designed upon the Diesel principle.

At the end of my fuel intake 3% I locate my fuel intake port 3|, the intake communicating via the port, with a manifold 32, consisting of a conduit 33 leading to the cylinder jacketing chamber 34, and a short conduit 35 leading to a similar cylinder jacketing chamber 36. At each end of the cylinder and sealed at each end thereof by the end-plates 31 and the piston caps 38 is asuction chamber 39.

As previously stated, this engine as illustrated and herein described, works upon a two-stroke cycle (although by a slight modification can be made to work upon a four-stroke cycle if desired), and upon the compression stroke, which isthe stroke wherein the two pistons approach each other; fuel is drawn in through the manifold 32 by the suction created by the inward move ment of both pistons. When the pistons have reached the inner end of their travel, the port BI is closed by the valve G and the power stroke forces them apart. This has the effect of causing both pistons to force the fuel trapped in the manifold and in the suction chambers in the direction of the arrows and into the compression chamber 26 under pressure through the circumscribing ring'of apertures 40.

Simultaneously with the intake of fuel through these apertures; the products of combustion are being exhausted through a similar ring of apertures 41 which communicate with the circumscribing. exhaust conduit 42 which in turn communicates with the exhaust pipe 53.

From the foregoing, it will be obvious that I have provided a highly ingenious type of motor which has the advantage of perfect balance by the use of a minimum number of pistons, and in which, for this reason, vibration and consequently friction, are very considerably diminished.

Since various modifications can be made in the above invention, and many apparently widely different embodiments of same, made within the scope of the claims without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is intended that all matter contained in the accompanying specification shall be interpreted as illustrative only and not in a limiting sense and I desire only such limitations placed thereon as are specifically said cam to rotate said fly wheel upon movement,

of said piston between the position of maximum compression and maximum exhaustion.

2. Improvements in multiple-piston engines comprising in combination a cylinder, a pair of pistons therewithin, each of said pistons being movable in opposition one to the other and positioned upon either side of the central transverse axial plane of said cylinder, an intake port, and an exhaust port communicating with the interior of said cylinder, said cylinder being provided with a. pair of diametrically opposed and longitudinally extending slots upon the cylindrical wall thereof upon each side of said central transverse axial plane, a diametrically opposed pair of trunnions upon each of said pistons, each pair of said trunnions extending through each of said pairs of diametrically opposed slots, a connecting rod secured to each of said trunnions, a plurality of fly wheels, said connecting rods being in driving association with said fly wheels, to rotate the same upon movement of said pistons between the position of maximum compression and maximum exhaustion.

3. In a multiple-piston engine comprising in combination, a cylinder, a piston therewithin, said cylinder being provided with diametrically opposed and longitudinally extending slots upon the cylindrical wall thereof, diametrically opposed trunnions upon said piston extending through said slots, connecting rods, each of said connecting rods being secured to one of said trunnions, an exhaust port and an intake port, communicating with the interior of said cylinder and at least one fly wheel in driven association with at least one of said connecting rods.

4. In a multiple-piston engine comprising in combination, a cylinder, a piston therewithin, said cylinder being provided with a pair of diametrically opposed and longitudinally extending slots upon the cylindrical wall thereof, a pair of diametrically opposed trunnions upon said piston, each of the trunnions of said pair extending through one of said slots, an intake port and an exhaust port communicating with the interior of said cylinder, a pair of connecting rods, each connecting rod being secured centrally to one of said trunnions, the longitudinal axis of said pair of connecting rods being normal to the longitudinal axis of said cylinder, a pair of fly wheels upon each side of said cylinder, the axis of rotation thereof being normal to the longitudinal axis of said cylinder and also normal to the longitudinal axis of said connecting rods, a cam upon each of said fly wheels, the opposing ends; of each of said connecting rods being in driving engagement with one of said cams.

5. Improvements in multiple-piston engines, comprising in combination, a cylinder, a pair of pistons therewithin, each of said pistons being movable in opposition one to the other and positioned upon either side of the central transverse axial plane of said cylinder, an intake port and an exhaust port communicating with the interior of said cylinder, said cylinder being provided with two pairs of longitudinally extending diametrically opposed slots upon the cylindrical wall thereof, a pair of diametrically opposed trunnions upon each of said pistons, said trunnions extending through said slots, one trunnion through each slot, a rigid connecting rodsecured centrally to each of said trunnions, the longitudinal axis thereof being normal to the longitudinal axis of said cylinder, 2. pair of fly wheels upon each side of said cylinder, the two fly wheels of each pair opposing the two fly wheels of the remaining pair, each of the opposing fly wheels being mounted for rotation upon a common drive shaft, said drive shaft being normal to the longitudinal axis of said cylinder and also normal to the longitudinal axis of said connecting rods, a cam upon each of said fly wheels, the opposing ends of each of said connecting rods being in driving engagement with said cams.

6. Improvements in multiple-piston engines comprising in combination, a cylinder sealed off at each end thereof from the atmosphere, a pair of oppositely moving pistons therewithin, the central cubic area of said cylinder constituting a combustion chamber having inlet and exhaust ports therein, transverse trunnions secured to said pistons and projecting through longitudinal slots formed medially upon the wall of said cylinder, one piece connecting rods attached to said trunnions and at right angles to the axis of said cylinder, a pair of fly wheels, the axis of rotation of said fly wheels being normal to the axis of said cylinder, an elliptical cam track upon said fly wheels, rollers upon the ends of said connecting rods engageable with said cam track, a spaced jacket extending around said cylinder, said jacket being capped at each end, a manifold communicating with said jacket upon either side of the central transverse axial plane thereof and with the ends of said cylinder whereby said pistons may alternately draw in and compress a metered charg of fuel and in compressing the same, also force it through said inlet port and into said combustion chamber.

ALGERNON TURNER.

US2227853A 1937-07-06 1938-07-05 Multiple-piston engine Expired - Lifetime US2227853A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2766739A (en) * 1949-08-03 1956-10-16 Daimler Benz Ag Internal combustion engine
US2887993A (en) * 1956-10-15 1959-05-26 Int Harvester Co Non-throttled spark ignition engine
US2925073A (en) * 1956-12-17 1960-02-16 Ford Motor Co Free piston engine
US4391232A (en) * 1980-03-27 1983-07-05 Geirnaert Marcel J Internal-combustion engine with opposed pistons
WO2018058210A1 (en) * 2016-09-28 2018-04-05 Winkelmann Augusto Structural arrangement for an internal combustion engine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2766739A (en) * 1949-08-03 1956-10-16 Daimler Benz Ag Internal combustion engine
US2887993A (en) * 1956-10-15 1959-05-26 Int Harvester Co Non-throttled spark ignition engine
US2925073A (en) * 1956-12-17 1960-02-16 Ford Motor Co Free piston engine
US4391232A (en) * 1980-03-27 1983-07-05 Geirnaert Marcel J Internal-combustion engine with opposed pistons
WO2018058210A1 (en) * 2016-09-28 2018-04-05 Winkelmann Augusto Structural arrangement for an internal combustion engine

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