US222315A - Improvement in harness - Google Patents

Improvement in harness Download PDF

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US222315A
US222315A US222315DA US222315A US 222315 A US222315 A US 222315A US 222315D A US222315D A US 222315DA US 222315 A US222315 A US 222315A
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Prior art keywords
harness
breast
receive
yoke
strap
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K27/00Leads or collars, e.g. for dogs
    • A01K27/006Leads or collars, e.g. for dogs with light-emitting or ornamental devices

Description

2 Sheets-Sheet 1. D. S. 8a P. B. SHEFPIELD 8v W. H. MARCELLUS.
Harness.
No. 222,315. Patented Dec. 2, 1879.
M. MW
N PETERS. FHOTO-LITHOGRAPHER. WAsmNGToNy D C,
2 Sheets-Sheet 2. D. S. 8a F. B. SHEFFIELD 8v W. H. MARCBLLUS.
Harness. No. 222,315. Patented Dec. 2,1879.
lava nl? nz V/f i? nuns a, f /f L @0, j@ JMW @Dwi MMM j?? NPETERS. PHOTO-LITHOGRAPMER. wAsmNGToN, D C
INrrEDS'rArns PATENT Ormea.
DAN S. SHEFFIELD, FRANK B. SHEFFIELD, AND WILLIAM H. MARCELLUS,
OF ROGKFORD, ILLINOIS. i
i lIMPROVEMENT IN HARNESS.
,Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 222,315, dated December 2, 1879 g application filed August 22, 1879.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, DAN S. SHEFFLELD, FRANK B. SHEFFIELD, and WILLIAM H. MAR- r CELLUS, all of the city of Rockford, in the as the breast-collar7 harness.
The .object of this invention is, mainly, to provide a breast-collar harness in which, when in use, the shoulder-padswill rest against the shoulder ofthe animal with the least possible chafing movement, and to `adapt this class of harness to use in single or double harnesses, and to render them capable of use for light o'r heavy draft purposes.
To this end we have designed and constructed the harness represented in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is an isometrical representation of our improved harness when fitted for use as a double harness. Fig. 2 is a lengthwise horizontal central section through one side of the shoulder-pad and a portion of the breast-yoke.
Fig. 3 is an isometrical representation of our improvement ina single harness. Fig. 4 is a like representation of one-half of the metallic breast-collar. Fig. 5is the hinged looped clip which receivesthe shoulder-pad portion of the harness, and Fig. 6 is the hinged clip which receives the breast-strap. i
In the gures, A represents the metallic breast-yoke, made-from any suitable`material,
and for vordinary purposes preferably made of malleable iron, in the form substantially as represented, having its center portion curving forward to relieve the Vthroat from pressure, and is provided with a center loop adapted to receive the choke-strap. The ends of'this yoke are iitted to receive a tug-clip hinged thereto.
a a represent tug-clips fitted to receive the outerends of the breast-yoke, to which they are hinged by pivot-bolts, which pass vertically through the parts. These clips are tted with a loop, b, to receive the forward end of the tugs usually known as the hame-tugs.
They are also fitted with a loop, o, employed to receive the lower end of the forward braces to the neck-strap.
d are plate-springs, having Vtheir rear ends placed inside of the plate portion of the clips. These parts are then placed on the outside strap e of the shoulder pads 'B in proper position. The plate-springs f are then placed oii the inside of these parts, with their rear ends over the rear ends of the outer springs, in which position these parts are rmly fixed to each other by sufficient rivets passing through the parts.
C Gare the forward portions of the .ings usually known as the hame-tugs.. Their forward portions are placed in the loops bof the tug-clips, and their rear ends receive tu gbuckles. These parts, provided with suitable keepers, are placed in proper position lengthwise on the lengthwise center of the outside straps, e, of the shoulder-pads, to which they are secured by stitching, in the usual manner.
g are inside linings of the shoulder-pads` stitched to the forward portions of the outside straps, e, and are stuied in the usual manner, to produce suitable shoiilder-pads.
From the foregoing it will bef seenl that by the use of the incased plate-springs f, we produce shoiilder-pads that will set to the shoulder of the animal, and its hinged connection with the metallic yoke permits it to adapt itself to the movements of the shoulder, which relieves the chafing action common in this class of harnesses; and the employmentk ofthe plate-spring d, interposed between the shoule der-pad and the metallic yoke, prevents the chafing action of the pad on the yoke.-
The loops c of the tu g-clips receive the lower end of the forward braces D, the upper ends of .which receive the rings E, into which are fixed the upper ends of the rear braces F, .the lower ends of which receive the rings h, that connect them with lthe tugs toward their rear ends.
G represents the neck-pad designed tol sup* Aport the harness on the neck ofthe animal; it
is fitted with keepers to receive the neck-straps of the harness. "l i H are the neck-straps, having their lower ends lixed in the rings E, at the junction of the braces iiXed in the same ring. These neckstraps are passed through the keepers on the neck-pad to its center, Where they are tted with a buckleconnection, by which they can be lengthened or shortened to adapt the harness to animals diiiering in size.
I represents a choke-strap fitted into a loop formed in or on the center of the metallic yoke, from which it descends to connect with the girths ofthe harness in the usual manner.
K represents a martingale with the branching straps i, having their outer ends fitted with rings in the usual manner adapted to receive the lines. This martingale is joined to the choke-strap by buckle-connection, by which its length may be changed to adapt the harness to animals diering in size.
These parts, constructed substantially as described, constitute the breast-collar portion of a single harness.
To provide for the employment ot' our improvements in a double harness, We have cmployed the breast-strap clips lr, which are connected with the tug-loops and the metallic breast-yoke by means ofthe same pivot-bolts. These clips receive the breast-strap L, which is of the usual form, and may be employed directly in connection with the neck-yoke, or it may receive the pole-strap, in the usual manner of employing such parts, when in the martingale one ofthe branches z' is omitted.
l represents rings fixed to the neck-pad, one of which is designed to receive the outer branch of the check-lines, and the other receives a carrying-strap, m, fitted with a ring,
n, to receive the inner branch of the checklines.
In this arrangement of the line-carrying rings on the neck-collar, their position will not be changed in adjusting the harness to large or small animals. With these improvements we construct a breast-collar harness capable of use as a single or double harness, and adapted to light or heavy draft purposes.
We claim as our invention- 1. The combination, with the metallic yoke of a breast-collar and the breast-strap, of breast-strap clips pivoted to the opposite ends of the metallic yoke, and adapted to receive the opposite ends of the breast-strap, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination, with a tug-clip pivoted to the metallic yoke of a breast-collar harness, and a shoulder-pad fixed to the clip, ofan interposed plate-spring, as and for the purpose hereinbefore set forth.
3. The combination, with a tug-clip pivoted to a metallic breast-yoke of' a breast collar harness, of a shoulder-pad constructed with an incased spring, substantially as and for the purpose hei'einbefore set forth.
4.. In a breast-collar harness, a neck-pad fitted with check-line supports, in combination with neck-straps, substantially as and for the purpose hereinbefore set forth.
DAN S. SHEFFIELD. FRANK B. SHEFFIELD. XVILLIAM H. MARCELLUS.
Witnesses:
A. O. BEHEL, J Aeon BEHEL.
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