US2216914A - Grain cleaner - Google Patents

Grain cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
US2216914A
US2216914A US216653A US21665338A US2216914A US 2216914 A US2216914 A US 2216914A US 216653 A US216653 A US 216653A US 21665338 A US21665338 A US 21665338A US 2216914 A US2216914 A US 2216914A
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Prior art keywords
grain
housing
cleaner
screen
discharge
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Expired - Lifetime
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US216653A
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William A Holtzman
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William A Holtzman
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F12/00Parts or details of threshing apparatus
    • A01F12/44Grain cleaners; Grain separators
    • A01F12/442Rotary cleaners
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02BPREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE
    • B02B3/00Hulling; Husking; Decorticating; Polishing; Removing the awns; Degerming

Description

w. A. HOLTZMAN 2,216,914

GRAIN CLEANER Filed June 30, 1938 4 Sheets-Sheet l O 1940. w. A. HOLTZMAN 2,216,914

GRAIN CLEANER Filed June 30, 1958 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 w 5 W 5 I g I i Mimi (.5

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GRAIN CLEANER Filed June so, 1938 4 Sheets-Sheet s Oct. 8, 1940.

w. A. HOLTZMAN 2,216,914

GRAIN CLEANER Filed June 30, 1938 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 I I Y c/izaiz/ 9 I fizz/(m (aw/ 52k gj"7 ;x

Patented Oct. 8, 1940 I UNITED "STATES PATENT OFFICE GRAIN CLEANER William'A. Holman, Peoria, 111., p Application June so, 1938, Serial No. 216,653 3 Claims. (01. 209-240 This invention relates to grain cleaners of the type used inconnection with threshing machines and particularly to the newer type of combined grain harvesters and threshers.

Grain cleaners, as will be recognized, are old in the art of threshing. This invention has to do with improvements in the general structure of such devices as have been indicated as necessary by the adaptation of modern combined harvesters and threshers with the attending increase in capacities and speeds.

. The effectiveness of this type of grain cleaner is dependent upon the cylindrical screen used as a separatingmeans to remove extraneous matter such as weed seeds and the like from clean grain or other crops. These screens must be selected with great care as a screen of proper meshsize must be selected forthe different types of grain and different kinds of crops. To be of greatest value, the cleaner must be made so that screens can be quicklyinterchanged, to install a screen of proper mesh for different kinds and conditions of crops.

i 'The meshes or openings in the screen must be kept clean to provide'proper cleaning capacity. It will be notedthat screens of the full cylindrical type are best adapted for this purpose because in the full cylinder there are no offsets or. v

projections which might start the building up of clogging matter. It will be noted further that a stationary cylindrical screen used in combination with the propelling type centrifugal rotor which sets up a scouring action of the grain on the screen, forces the dockagethrough the screen and keeps the screen meshes clean from the insidewithout the need of auxiliary brushes.

I The particular object of this invention is to provide structure in grain cleaners whereby the screens may be quickly and completely removed for interchange with a minimum disturbance of other parts.

Another object is to provide a structure wherein the stationary screens may be. accurately formed in a true cylinder which is the best structure for this kind of apparatus.

A still further object is to provide a structure wherein the members containing the grain inlet and discharge, or either of them,'and the dockage discharge trough, are made as separate units from the main body of the cleaner. This permits the inlet "and discharge openings to be assembled on either side of the cleaner body, or, with modifications in either of the members, the openings may be placed in the ends. This also allows the dockage discharge trough to be assembled in various positions.

This construction makes it possible to build a cleaner for the various models and types of combines with a number of interchangeable parts to accommodate these various models and types, which is a decided advantage side'to the inlet chute.

Fig. 2 is a reverse isometric view to Fig. 1 but with the outlet chute on the same side as the inlet chute.

Fig. 3 is an end view of the cleaner from the discharge end as of Fig. 2 but without the discharge chute. In dotted outline the discharge elbow location is shown as in Fig. 1.

a Fig. 4 is a side elevation view showing the discharge housing removed and the separator screen partially removed.

Fig. 5 is a side elevation insection showing the various elements of the cleaner in their relations to one another.

Fig. 6 is .an isometricview of my grain cleaner with revisedlocations of the inlet chute and the outlet chute, a dockage chute replacing the dockage screw conveyor.

Fig. 7 is a reverse isometric view of Fig. 6 with the outlet housing in the foreground.

Fig. 8 is an isometric View of a modified design of the grain cleaner similar to Fig. 2; and

i Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional elevation view of the cleaner as shown in Fig. 8, showing the modifications of the structure including the rotary screen with spiral conveyor.

Now referring to Fig. 1. The numerals l0 and I0 designate angle iron rails on which the cleaner is mounted. Vertical support angle iron members H and H are attached to these rails and support the east end frame members I2 and [3. The inlet housing complete is generally designatedas l4 and the inlet chute as H). A casing 16 is supported by theend frame members enclosing the interior rotor and screen drum. Similarly a casing I'I encloses the dockage auger. The discharge end casing is designated as l8, the discharge elbow as I8 and the discharge chute as l9.-

The rotor 26 isof conventional form wherein the angular plates move the grain to and fro over the screen but generally drive it toward the discharge end where the fan 25 discharges it through the housing 3, the elbow l8 and out the chute IS. The rotor and fan are driven by the drive sprocket 22. The rotor 26, the fan 25 and the dockage auger 21 are driven from the drive sprocket 22, the chain 22' and the chain sprocket 22". a

The foregoing structure as described is quite conventional in form and its operation is well known.- Therefore, I have made no attempt to describe it in detail because it has no pertinency in the present invention.

The screen 24, as best shown in Fig. 5, is mounted in the end frame members l2 and l3 l6 concentric with the rotor 26. The discharge housing I8 with the interior riveted rim 23, abuts the end of the screen 24 and holds it against the cast frame member I2 by means of the studs 2|, 2| and 2|, and the wing nuts 20, 20 and 20". It will readily be appreciated that by removing the wing nuts 20, 20' and 20", the housing l8 can be removed and thereupon the entire cylindrical screen 24 may be removed bodily by sliding endwise as shown in Fig. 4.

Thedischarge housing 3 is covered on the .end by the head member l8 by means of bolts l9 through the clips |9c riveted to the housing l8. It

"will thus be apparent that the housing l8 carrying the elbow I8 and the chute l9 can be readily detached from the main body of the cleaner or from one another and by rotating the housing with respect to the stud bolt's 2| which are equally spaced or by substituting a different housing, the discharge elbow may be moved to different locations and the discharge chute l9 may be reversed, thus providing means whereby the discharge grain may be delivered to various locations.

The intake housing l4 abuts the cast frame member l2 and is held in place by the head member I8 by means of the stud bolts 2|, 2| and 2| and nuts 33, 33 and 33". It will be readily appreciated that by removing the nuts 33, 33' and 33 the housing l4 and head l8 may be rotated with respect to the stud bolts 2|, or, by substituting a different housing or head, the intake spout may be moved to different locations, thus providing means wherebythe grain may be taken into the cleaner at the most advantageous position. In order to make the inlet and discharge housings interchangeable, as well as to permit rotation of the same as above described, the stud bolts 2|, 2| and 2|" are equally spaced and of the same size and length.

Now referring to Figs. 6 and 7. The general structure of the end plates l2 and I3, the housing IS, the screen 24 and the rotor 26 remain as best shown in Fig. 5. The fan 25 has been completely eliminated as well as the dockage screw 21. The inlet housing l4 has been revised to put the inlet chute on top and end of the housing, feeding the grain angularly into the end of the rotor 26. The drive of the rotor has been changed and the sprocket 22 now drives the rotor through bevel gears in a new gear case 32.

The discharge housing l8 has been eliminated and in its place a plain end cap housing 29 replaces it. This housing is held in place by the studs 34, 34 and 34", and wing nuts 20, 20' and 2B". This housing has an opening 30 through which the grain is directly discharged from under the pivoted door 3|. In place of the dockage screw 21 and its housing I! the angular chute 28, extending the full length of the housing l6, has been added. It will be well understood that by this structure the grain may be fed directly into the chute l and out of the opening 30 while the dockage is gathered by the chute 28 and deposited by it separate from the grain. It will be recognized that this is a far simpler construction than that shown in Figs. 1 and 2 and in some applications has definite advantages.

Any combination of the grain intakes and discharges, also the dockage discharges shown in Figures 1 and 2, or 6 and '7, may be assembled on one cleaner to adapt it for best installation on the combine model to which it is to be attached.

Referring to Figures 8 and 9, this shows a modified structure of my grain cleaner with a rotary screen. The general structure is exactly similar to the structures heretofore described and will be well understood from the drawings.

The modifications have to do with the rotary screen,numeral 24, to which is attached an interior spiral conveyor 43. The rotary screen is mounted on spoked wheels 34 and 35. The wheel 34 is driven by a removable Woodruff type key 36 in the shaft 36. It will be noted that the keyway extends through the hub of the wheel 34. The shaft 36 is journalled in bearings 38 and 39, permitting the screen 24 with the integral spiral conveyor 33 and the spiral feeder member 40 to be rotated by the shaft 36 by means of the sprocket 22. It will readily be appreciated that by removing the wing nuts 34 and 34, the head member l8 can be removed and thereupon the complete screen member 24 can be slid endwise off the shaft 36' and thus removed for replacement or inspection.

It will be understood that the grain as it enters the opening I5 is fed by the spiral feeder member 40 into the screen member 24, whereupon it is moved endwise and discharged out of the door 3| This movement is naturally aided by the spiral 33. It will be appreciated that by this structure I have shown a modified design from those previously described wherein the screen member is rotated rather than stationary. Although I prefer the stationary screen, I desire to show this rotary screen modification wherein the same principles of my invention are applied.

Having thus described my invention, I now claim as new:

1. In a grain cleaner, a cleaner housing having open end frames with symmetrically identical mounting means, inlet and discharge heads with mating mounting means permitting interchangeable removable mounting on either end frame, rotor mechanism reversibly and removably mountable in said heads to move grain in a scouring movement from one end to the other, and a cylindrical cleaning screen enveloping said rotor in the housing slidably removable by dismounting the discharge head.

2. In a grain cleaner, a cleaner housing having open end frames with symmetrical identical mounting means, inlet and discharge heads having rotor bearings and mating mounting means permitting interchangeable removable mounting on either end frame, rotor mechanism reversibly and removably mountable in said heads to move grain in a scouring movement from one end to the other, and a cylindrical cleaning screen enveloping said rotor in the housing slidably removable by dismounting the discharge head.

3. In a grain cleaner, a cleaner housing having open end frames with symmetrically identical mounting means, inlet and discharge heads having rotor bearings and mating mounting means permitting interchangeable removable mounting on either end frame, chute connections in said said rotor in the housing slidably removable by ismounting the discharge head and inlet and discharge chutes attachable to said heads whereby chutes may be positioned to fit various styles of combines.

WILLIAM A. HOLTZMAN.

US216653A 1938-06-30 1938-06-30 Grain cleaner Expired - Lifetime US2216914A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2523259A (en) * 1946-12-24 1950-09-26 Case Co J I Device for cleaning grain
FR2454750A1 (en) * 1979-04-26 1980-11-21 Martinot Jean Cleaning damp maize in dryer - used screw flight which passes grain along duct with waste rising to top and clean grain discharged below
WO1986004775A1 (en) * 1985-02-15 1986-08-28 Jean Dutrieux Impure grain separator for moving machine such as a combine harvester or a harvester-gin
JPS63291673A (en) * 1988-04-18 1988-11-29 Iseki Agricult Mach Cereal-grain trough supporter for cereal grain selector
JPH03178379A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178376A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178378A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178380A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178381A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178377A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
WO2001022799A1 (en) * 1999-09-29 2001-04-05 Claas Selbstfahrende Erntemaschinen Gmbh Rotary separation unit
DE102012220405A1 (en) * 2012-11-09 2014-05-15 BüHLER GMBH Apparatus for system for separating grain component from another grain component of cereal grain, comprises separation unit with two device components, where one of two device components is rotatably mounted around longitudinal axis
US10688529B2 (en) * 2018-07-30 2020-06-23 Prater Industries, Inc. Apparatus and method for cleaning and inspecting a rotary sifter

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2523259A (en) * 1946-12-24 1950-09-26 Case Co J I Device for cleaning grain
FR2454750A1 (en) * 1979-04-26 1980-11-21 Martinot Jean Cleaning damp maize in dryer - used screw flight which passes grain along duct with waste rising to top and clean grain discharged below
WO1986004775A1 (en) * 1985-02-15 1986-08-28 Jean Dutrieux Impure grain separator for moving machine such as a combine harvester or a harvester-gin
JPS63291673A (en) * 1988-04-18 1988-11-29 Iseki Agricult Mach Cereal-grain trough supporter for cereal grain selector
JPH053357B2 (en) * 1988-04-18 1993-01-14 Iseki Agricult Mach
JPH03178377A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178378A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178380A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178381A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178376A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH03178379A (en) * 1990-11-28 1991-08-02 Iseki & Co Ltd Rotary sorting type huller
JPH059155B2 (en) * 1990-11-28 1993-02-04 Iseki Agricult Mach
JPH0560996B2 (en) * 1990-11-28 1993-09-03 Iseki Agricult Mach
JPH07189B2 (en) 1990-11-28 1995-01-11 井関農機株式会社 Rotary sorting huller
JPH07190B2 (en) 1990-11-28 1995-01-11 井関農機株式会社 Rotary sorting huller
JPH07112554B2 (en) 1990-11-28 1995-12-06 井関農機株式会社 Rotary sorting huller
WO2001022799A1 (en) * 1999-09-29 2001-04-05 Claas Selbstfahrende Erntemaschinen Gmbh Rotary separation unit
DE102012220405A1 (en) * 2012-11-09 2014-05-15 BüHLER GMBH Apparatus for system for separating grain component from another grain component of cereal grain, comprises separation unit with two device components, where one of two device components is rotatably mounted around longitudinal axis
US10688529B2 (en) * 2018-07-30 2020-06-23 Prater Industries, Inc. Apparatus and method for cleaning and inspecting a rotary sifter

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