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Catheter

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Publication number
US2212334A
US2212334A US9618936A US2212334A US 2212334 A US2212334 A US 2212334A US 9618936 A US9618936 A US 9618936A US 2212334 A US2212334 A US 2212334A
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Prior art keywords
catheter
material
catheters
ray
provide
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George W Wallerich
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V MUELLER AND CO
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V MUELLER AND CO
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0009Making of catheters or other medical or surgical tubes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0108Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning using radio-opaque or ultrasound markers

Description

G. W. WALLERICH Aug. 20, 1940.-

CATHETER Filed Aug. 15, 1936 KIDNEY v UIPE 75/? R 1 m v M cel lulozzzc' Ma fer: a!

a a Maierv'al Mr W i .m M m w Patented Aug. 20, 1940 CATHETER George W. VVallerich, River Forest, 111., assignor to V. Mueller & 00., tion of Illinois Ghicago, 111., a corpora- Application August 15, 1936, Serial No. 96,189

1 Claim.

This invention relates Ito improvements in catheters and their mode of manufacture, especial reference being had to small appropriately flexible tubing and to ureteral catheters made therefrom.

l-leretofore, such catheters intended for the taking of specimens'of urine from the kidneys, the ureter and the bladder have been made by Winding silk on a small wire mandrel and then coating the silk with varnish or the like before removing the mandrel. Such catheters have been superficially opaqued for X-ray purposes by Supplying bismuth powder or the like to the varnish. But such catheters lack durability; they do not stand heat well; are not easily sterilized; and they lack desired smoothness.

I am also aware that cellulosic tubes have been made by extruding plastic material from a press; but I have never known of catheter tubing or any kind of tubing fit for ureteral or urethral catheterization being thus made; and I am not aware of X-ray opaque material ever having been mixed with any such extrusion material for any purpose whatever.

The main objects of this invention are to provide a better and safer catheter; to provide resiliently flexible catheters better adapted to withstand sterilization, especially by boiling or other application of heat; to provide smoother surfaced catheters, especially of small gauge; to

provide a nonabsorptive catheter; to provide cellulosic catheters and especially such devices adapted to cast X-ray shadows during use; to

provide for calibration of such catheters, both 35 for direct surface reading and also for X-ray observation; to provide for extrusion manufacture of Y-ray opaque catheter tubing; and to provide for such opacity calibration of catheters as to render X-ray shadows readable in terms of linear measurement.

This invention is illustrated by the accompanying drawing in which: Figure 1 is a perspective view of a finished catheter. 45 Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view of the catheter in use with appropriate anatomical structures indicated in dotted outline.

Fig. 3 is a cross section of the catheter tubing, to show impregnation of the cellulosic wall with 50 bismuth powder or other X-ray opaque material.

Referring to said drawing the catheter l consists of a thin tube about twenty-six inches long having cellulosic walls 2 impregnated with bismuth powder indicated at 3. Said catheter has inlet openings 4 and 5 at or near one end; and the opposite end is open as at 6. The external diameter of the catheters ranges from 1.5 mm. to 5 mm.

The X-ray opacity of the walls 2 is varied at regular calibration intervals or points 1, as by appropriate application of bismuth paint in finishing the catheter. This may serve also for direct visual indication of linear measurement, for which purpose the paint may be specially pigmented if desired.

Suitable catheter tubing may be made by first mixing bismuth powder with appropriate cellulosic material, and then extruding the plastic compound ina manner generally understood in the tube moulding art. Various degrees of heat and pressure may be applied, depending upon the specific quality of the plastic .used. More or less of said powder may be used according to the degree of opacity desired.

The temperature range depends upon the exact make of the compound used and provided that the material is sufliciently plastic for tubular extrusion. This is a factor which can best be adjusted from time to time as the process is carried on,

The desired flexibility and resilience of the tubing may be attained by due selection from'a well-known quality range of said material. Various cellulose derivatives are adapted for my use, but I especially prefer cellulose acetate.

It is to be understood that some of the details set forth may be altered or omitted without departing from the spiritof the invention as defined by the following claim:

I claim:

The method or making a thin walled small gage flexible catheter adapted for bladder and kidney exploration which consists in extruding a plastic cellulosic material through a tubular molding die and at uniform brief intervals forcibly injecting into the stream of said material as it is being molded a small quantity of similar material impregnated with X-ray opaque material. 1

GEORGE w. WALLERICH.

US2212334A 1936-08-15 1936-08-15 Catheter Expired - Lifetime US2212334A (en)

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Cited By (54)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2857915A (en) * 1956-04-02 1958-10-28 David S Sheridan X-ray catheter
US3190290A (en) * 1962-02-08 1965-06-22 Brunswick Corp Intercostal catheters
US3217705A (en) * 1962-05-02 1965-11-16 Orman B Billings Device for testing internal bleeding
US3336918A (en) * 1962-12-24 1967-08-22 Us Catheter & Instr Corp Radiopaque, urethane-coated catheter and method for coating same
DE1965487A1 (en) * 1968-12-31 1970-11-19 Chemplast Inc Catheter and method for its preparation
US3938529A (en) * 1974-07-22 1976-02-17 Gibbons Robert P Indwelling ureteral catheter
US3943929A (en) * 1974-11-15 1976-03-16 The Kendall Company Multi-chamber container and method
US3995642A (en) * 1975-04-03 1976-12-07 Medical Dynamics, Inc. Method and apparatus for retaining a drain tube within a ureter
US4105732A (en) * 1975-11-21 1978-08-08 Krandex Corp. Radiographic opaque and conductive striped medical tubes
US4168699A (en) * 1977-08-08 1979-09-25 Mentor Corporation Sampling catheter
FR2421625A1 (en) * 1978-04-07 1979-11-02 Medical Eng Corp Forming ureteral catheter probe
EP0010757A1 (en) * 1978-11-03 1980-05-14 Intermedicat GmbH Catheter having contrast strips opaque to X-rays
US4317791A (en) * 1976-07-10 1982-03-02 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Process for the production of non-cellular molded articles
US4444185A (en) * 1981-08-19 1984-04-24 Shugar Martin A Fiberoptic tracheotomy method
US4469483A (en) * 1982-08-25 1984-09-04 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Radiopaque catheter
US4671795A (en) * 1984-11-19 1987-06-09 Mulchin William L Permanent/retrievable ureteral catheter
US4671291A (en) * 1986-03-31 1987-06-09 Siemens Medical Systems, Inc. Angle encoding catheter
US4722344A (en) * 1986-05-23 1988-02-02 Critikon, Inc. Radiopaque polyurethanes and catheters formed therefrom
US4813925A (en) * 1987-04-21 1989-03-21 Medical Engineering Corporation Spiral ureteral stent
US4838879A (en) * 1986-05-08 1989-06-13 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Catheter
US4931037A (en) * 1988-10-13 1990-06-05 International Medical, Inc. In-dwelling ureteral stent and injection stent assembly, and method of using same
US4967743A (en) * 1987-03-11 1990-11-06 Ballard Medical Products Neonatal closed system for involuntary aspiration and ventilation, and method
US5065754A (en) * 1990-06-06 1991-11-19 Ballard Medical Products Aspirating catheter tube inserter
US5107829A (en) * 1987-03-11 1992-04-28 Ballard Medical Products Neonatal closed system for involuntary aspiration and ventilation, and method
US5133345A (en) * 1987-03-11 1992-07-28 Ballard Medical Products Neonatal closed system for involuntary aspiration and ventilation, and method
US5177170A (en) * 1992-07-02 1993-01-05 Miles Inc. Radiopaque polyurethanes
US5215522A (en) * 1984-07-23 1993-06-01 Ballard Medical Products Single use medical aspirating device and method
US5277177A (en) * 1984-07-23 1994-01-11 Ballard Medical Products Single use medical aspirating device and method
US5346981A (en) * 1993-01-13 1994-09-13 Miles Inc. Radiopaque polyurethanes
US5456705A (en) * 1993-03-31 1995-10-10 Medtronic, Inc. Medical electrical lead having a torque indicator
US5694922A (en) * 1994-05-18 1997-12-09 Ballard Medical Products Swivel tube connections with hermetic seals
US5895424A (en) * 1996-11-12 1999-04-20 Mentor Corporation Prosthesis having an alignment indicator and method of using same
US5919170A (en) * 1993-02-01 1999-07-06 Mentor Corporation Urinary catheter
US5921952A (en) * 1997-08-14 1999-07-13 Boston Scientific Corporation Drainage catheter delivery system
US6036682A (en) * 1997-12-02 2000-03-14 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheter having a plurality of integral radiopaque bands
US6248100B1 (en) 1997-08-14 2001-06-19 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Drainage catheter delivery system
US6494203B1 (en) 1994-08-19 2002-12-17 Ballard Medical Products Medical aspirating/ventilating closed system improvements and methods
US6500158B1 (en) * 1997-03-26 2002-12-31 The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York Method of inducing negative pressure in the urinary collecting system and apparatus therefor
US6796976B1 (en) 1998-03-06 2004-09-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Establishing access to the body
US20070112373A1 (en) * 2005-05-12 2007-05-17 C.R. Bard Inc. Removable embolus blood clot filter
US20090299404A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2009-12-03 C.R. Bard, Inc. Vena cava filter formed from a sheet
US20090326560A1 (en) * 2008-06-27 2009-12-31 Lampropoulos Fred P Catheter with radiopaque marker
US20100030254A1 (en) * 2006-06-05 2010-02-04 C. R. Bard, Inc. Embolus Blood Clot Filter Utilizable With A Single Delivery System Or A Single Retrieval System In One of A Femoral or Jugular Access
US20100030253A1 (en) * 2005-11-18 2010-02-04 C.R. Brard, Inc. Vena cava filter with filament
US20100174310A1 (en) * 2004-08-04 2010-07-08 C. R. Bard, Inc. Non-entangling vena cava filter
US20100256669A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2010-10-07 C.R. Bard, Inc. Helical Vena Cava Filter
US20100318115A1 (en) * 2005-05-12 2010-12-16 C.R. Bard, Inc. Tubular filter
US20110077622A1 (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-03-31 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Delivery system having stent locking structure
US20110160739A1 (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-06-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Rotatable Connection Between a Tubular Member and an Elongate Wire of a Catheter
US8430903B2 (en) 2005-08-09 2013-04-30 C. R. Bard, Inc. Embolus blood clot filter and delivery system
US8690906B2 (en) 1998-09-25 2014-04-08 C.R. Bard, Inc. Removeable embolus blood clot filter and filter delivery unit
US9204956B2 (en) 2002-02-20 2015-12-08 C. R. Bard, Inc. IVC filter with translating hooks
US9265637B2 (en) 2010-11-19 2016-02-23 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Rapid exchange stent delivery system
US9339631B2 (en) 2009-09-25 2016-05-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Locking mechanism for a medical device

Cited By (77)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2857915A (en) * 1956-04-02 1958-10-28 David S Sheridan X-ray catheter
US3190290A (en) * 1962-02-08 1965-06-22 Brunswick Corp Intercostal catheters
US3217705A (en) * 1962-05-02 1965-11-16 Orman B Billings Device for testing internal bleeding
US3336918A (en) * 1962-12-24 1967-08-22 Us Catheter & Instr Corp Radiopaque, urethane-coated catheter and method for coating same
DE1965487A1 (en) * 1968-12-31 1970-11-19 Chemplast Inc Catheter and method for its preparation
US3938529A (en) * 1974-07-22 1976-02-17 Gibbons Robert P Indwelling ureteral catheter
US3943929A (en) * 1974-11-15 1976-03-16 The Kendall Company Multi-chamber container and method
US3995642A (en) * 1975-04-03 1976-12-07 Medical Dynamics, Inc. Method and apparatus for retaining a drain tube within a ureter
US4105732A (en) * 1975-11-21 1978-08-08 Krandex Corp. Radiographic opaque and conductive striped medical tubes
US4317791A (en) * 1976-07-10 1982-03-02 Bayer Aktiengesellschaft Process for the production of non-cellular molded articles
US4168699A (en) * 1977-08-08 1979-09-25 Mentor Corporation Sampling catheter
US4212304A (en) * 1978-04-07 1980-07-15 Medical Engineering Corp. Uretheral catheter stent
FR2421625A1 (en) * 1978-04-07 1979-11-02 Medical Eng Corp Forming ureteral catheter probe
EP0010757A1 (en) * 1978-11-03 1980-05-14 Intermedicat GmbH Catheter having contrast strips opaque to X-rays
US4444185A (en) * 1981-08-19 1984-04-24 Shugar Martin A Fiberoptic tracheotomy method
US4469483A (en) * 1982-08-25 1984-09-04 Baxter Travenol Laboratories, Inc. Radiopaque catheter
US5611336A (en) * 1984-07-23 1997-03-18 Ballard Medical Products, Inc. Single use medical aspirating device and method
US5277177A (en) * 1984-07-23 1994-01-11 Ballard Medical Products Single use medical aspirating device and method
US5215522A (en) * 1984-07-23 1993-06-01 Ballard Medical Products Single use medical aspirating device and method
US4671795A (en) * 1984-11-19 1987-06-09 Mulchin William L Permanent/retrievable ureteral catheter
US4671291A (en) * 1986-03-31 1987-06-09 Siemens Medical Systems, Inc. Angle encoding catheter
US4838879A (en) * 1986-05-08 1989-06-13 Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha Catheter
US4722344A (en) * 1986-05-23 1988-02-02 Critikon, Inc. Radiopaque polyurethanes and catheters formed therefrom
US5133345A (en) * 1987-03-11 1992-07-28 Ballard Medical Products Neonatal closed system for involuntary aspiration and ventilation, and method
US5107829A (en) * 1987-03-11 1992-04-28 Ballard Medical Products Neonatal closed system for involuntary aspiration and ventilation, and method
US4967743A (en) * 1987-03-11 1990-11-06 Ballard Medical Products Neonatal closed system for involuntary aspiration and ventilation, and method
US4813925A (en) * 1987-04-21 1989-03-21 Medical Engineering Corporation Spiral ureteral stent
US4931037A (en) * 1988-10-13 1990-06-05 International Medical, Inc. In-dwelling ureteral stent and injection stent assembly, and method of using same
US5065754A (en) * 1990-06-06 1991-11-19 Ballard Medical Products Aspirating catheter tube inserter
US5177170A (en) * 1992-07-02 1993-01-05 Miles Inc. Radiopaque polyurethanes
US5346981A (en) * 1993-01-13 1994-09-13 Miles Inc. Radiopaque polyurethanes
US5919170A (en) * 1993-02-01 1999-07-06 Mentor Corporation Urinary catheter
US5456705A (en) * 1993-03-31 1995-10-10 Medtronic, Inc. Medical electrical lead having a torque indicator
US5694922A (en) * 1994-05-18 1997-12-09 Ballard Medical Products Swivel tube connections with hermetic seals
US6494203B1 (en) 1994-08-19 2002-12-17 Ballard Medical Products Medical aspirating/ventilating closed system improvements and methods
US5895424A (en) * 1996-11-12 1999-04-20 Mentor Corporation Prosthesis having an alignment indicator and method of using same
US6699216B2 (en) 1997-03-26 2004-03-02 The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York Method of inducing negative pressure in the urinary collecting system and apparatus therefor
US6500158B1 (en) * 1997-03-26 2002-12-31 The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York Method of inducing negative pressure in the urinary collecting system and apparatus therefor
US6248100B1 (en) 1997-08-14 2001-06-19 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Drainage catheter delivery system
US6562024B2 (en) 1997-08-14 2003-05-13 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Drainage catheter delivery system
US5921952A (en) * 1997-08-14 1999-07-13 Boston Scientific Corporation Drainage catheter delivery system
US6264624B1 (en) 1997-08-14 2001-07-24 Boston Scientific Coporation Drainage catheter delivery system
US6036682A (en) * 1997-12-02 2000-03-14 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Catheter having a plurality of integral radiopaque bands
US6796976B1 (en) 1998-03-06 2004-09-28 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Establishing access to the body
US20050049570A1 (en) * 1998-03-06 2005-03-03 Yem Chin Apparatus and method for establishing access to the body
US7678100B2 (en) 1998-03-06 2010-03-16 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Apparatus for establishing access to the body
US9351821B2 (en) 1998-09-25 2016-05-31 C. R. Bard, Inc. Removable embolus blood clot filter and filter delivery unit
US9615909B2 (en) 1998-09-25 2017-04-11 C.R. Bard, Inc. Removable embolus blood clot filter and filter delivery unit
US8690906B2 (en) 1998-09-25 2014-04-08 C.R. Bard, Inc. Removeable embolus blood clot filter and filter delivery unit
US9204956B2 (en) 2002-02-20 2015-12-08 C. R. Bard, Inc. IVC filter with translating hooks
US8628556B2 (en) 2004-08-04 2014-01-14 C. R. Bard, Inc. Non-entangling vena cava filter
US20100174310A1 (en) * 2004-08-04 2010-07-08 C. R. Bard, Inc. Non-entangling vena cava filter
US9144484B2 (en) 2004-08-04 2015-09-29 C. R. Bard, Inc. Non-entangling vena cava filter
US8372109B2 (en) 2004-08-04 2013-02-12 C. R. Bard, Inc. Non-entangling vena cava filter
US9017367B2 (en) 2005-05-12 2015-04-28 C. R. Bard, Inc. Tubular filter
US7967838B2 (en) 2005-05-12 2011-06-28 C. R. Bard, Inc. Removable embolus blood clot filter
US20070112373A1 (en) * 2005-05-12 2007-05-17 C.R. Bard Inc. Removable embolus blood clot filter
US20100318115A1 (en) * 2005-05-12 2010-12-16 C.R. Bard, Inc. Tubular filter
US8613754B2 (en) 2005-05-12 2013-12-24 C. R. Bard, Inc. Tubular filter
US9498318B2 (en) 2005-05-12 2016-11-22 C.R. Bard, Inc. Removable embolus blood clot filter
US8574261B2 (en) 2005-05-12 2013-11-05 C. R. Bard, Inc. Removable embolus blood clot filter
US8430903B2 (en) 2005-08-09 2013-04-30 C. R. Bard, Inc. Embolus blood clot filter and delivery system
US9387063B2 (en) 2005-08-09 2016-07-12 C. R. Bard, Inc. Embolus blood clot filter and delivery system
US9131999B2 (en) 2005-11-18 2015-09-15 C.R. Bard Inc. Vena cava filter with filament
US20100030253A1 (en) * 2005-11-18 2010-02-04 C.R. Brard, Inc. Vena cava filter with filament
US20100256669A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2010-10-07 C.R. Bard, Inc. Helical Vena Cava Filter
US20090299404A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2009-12-03 C.R. Bard, Inc. Vena cava filter formed from a sheet
US20100030254A1 (en) * 2006-06-05 2010-02-04 C. R. Bard, Inc. Embolus Blood Clot Filter Utilizable With A Single Delivery System Or A Single Retrieval System In One of A Femoral or Jugular Access
US9326842B2 (en) 2006-06-05 2016-05-03 C. R . Bard, Inc. Embolus blood clot filter utilizable with a single delivery system or a single retrieval system in one of a femoral or jugular access
US20090326560A1 (en) * 2008-06-27 2009-12-31 Lampropoulos Fred P Catheter with radiopaque marker
US9339631B2 (en) 2009-09-25 2016-05-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Locking mechanism for a medical device
US20110077622A1 (en) * 2009-09-25 2011-03-31 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Delivery system having stent locking structure
US9597207B2 (en) 2009-09-25 2017-03-21 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Delivery system having stent locking structure
US8753303B2 (en) 2009-09-25 2014-06-17 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Delivery system having stent locking structure
US20110160739A1 (en) * 2009-12-30 2011-06-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Rotatable Connection Between a Tubular Member and an Elongate Wire of a Catheter
US9408733B2 (en) 2009-12-30 2016-08-09 Michael Devon Amos Rotatable connection between a tubular member and an elongate wire of a catheter
US9265637B2 (en) 2010-11-19 2016-02-23 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Rapid exchange stent delivery system

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