US2205638A - Reflecting device - Google Patents

Reflecting device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2205638A
US2205638A US183073A US18307338A US2205638A US 2205638 A US2205638 A US 2205638A US 183073 A US183073 A US 183073A US 18307338 A US18307338 A US 18307338A US 2205638 A US2205638 A US 2205638A
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units
reflector
reflecting
reflecting device
arranged
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US183073A
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Jonathan C Stimson
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Jonathan C Stimson
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B5/00Optical elements other than lenses
    • G02B5/12Reflex reflectors
    • G02B5/122Reflex reflectors cube corner, trihedral or triple reflector type
    • G02B5/124Reflex reflectors cube corner, trihedral or triple reflector type plural reflecting elements forming part of a unitary plate or sheet

Description

June 25, 1940.

' J. c. STIMSON REFLECTING DEVICE Filed-Jan. 3, 1938 I N V EN TOR.

Jo/mm/w asT/Mw/v H/,5 ATTORNEYS.

Patented June 25, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE- REFLECTING DEVICE Jonathan C. Stimson, Chicago, 111. Application January s, 1938, Serial No. 183,073.

1 Claim.

This invention relates to reflecting devices and more particularly to reflecting devices of the retro-directive type, that is reflectors which-are constructed to reflect light impinging thereon 5 from a distant source back in the general direction of the light source, irrespective, within limits, of the angle of incidence of the impinging light.

Reflecting devices employing retro-directive units of the triple-reflector type are disclosed-in applicants Patents N0. 1,671,086, May 22, 1928,

No. 1,743,834, January 14, 1930, No. 1,848,675, March 8,1932, and No. 2,022,639, November 26, 1935. Processes and apparatus for making such reflectors are also disclosed in applicants Patents No. 1,591,572, July 6, 1926, No. 2,056,491,

October 6,1936, and No. 2,022,639.

In reflecting devices of the character described the units have different ranges of inclination with respect to the axis of the unit, this being particularly pointed out in applicants Patent No.

1,848,675. Due to this characteristic the angular range or field from which the reflector will be visible is greater on one side of the axis of the unit than on the other side. This restricts the utility of-the reflecting device when used under particular conditions. For example, if the reflecting device is used as a tail light lens on an automobile as disclosed in applicants Patent No.

1,874,138, August 30, 1932, or as a. reflecting device on any vehicle the angular range is limited to one side of the axis thereof, while the angle of approach by an oncoming vehicle may be indiscriminately on one or the other side of the 5 axis of the unit.

' One of the objects of this invention, therefore, is to provide a reflecting device whose range of inclination will be substantially the same on both sides of what we may call an axis of the entire reflector.

Furtherobjects will appear from the detail description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing in which Figure 1 is a face view of a reflecting device embodying this invention;

Figure 2 is an enlarged detail view and Figure 3 is a still more enlarged transverse section of Figure 2, but with the section linesomitted, and somewhat diagrammatic in form. 50 Referring to the accompanying drawing, Figure 1 shows a reflecting device in the form of a disk which may either be a tail light lens or a reflector such as used on vehicles generally. It is in the form of a pressed or molded article made 55 of glass or of an artificial resin so as to provide a series of reflecting units arranged in contiguous relation and operating by total reflection. The device may, however, be in the form of a metal reflector formed as described in applicant's patents, above enumerated. 5

The reflecting unit may be of any retrodirective type having different ranges of inclinationwith respect to its axis. .In the particular embodiment shown these units are of the triplereflector type and more particularly of the 10 square-face triple-reflectortype shown in applicants Patent No. 1,848,675. Such a unit is made up of square-faces 2, 3 and 8 with the corresponding faces of adjacent units lying in thesame plane and having the same orientation. At 1 the margin of the reflector the corresponding faces 8 can beextencled to form a border I. It will be noted that the same reference numerals are employed as applied to corresponding parts as in Figure 1 of applicant's Patent No. 1,848,675. 20 In that reflector all of the units in a row, as along the border I and rows parallel thereto, have the same orientation. As further shown in that patent and particularly by Figure 5, the maximum range of inclination of all units lie towards the 25 same side, namely, towards the faces 8 and the border I with the minimum inclination on the other side of the axis.

In accordance with this invention the units are arranged inadjacent groups, with the units 30 of each group having the same orientation and with the units of adjacent groups having opposed orientations. This is accomplished as shown more particularly in Figures 2 and 3, by dividing the reflector comprising a plate into two parts or groups to provide adjacent reflector areason opposite sides of a division line, with the units of one part or group so positioned that the borders I will face one another. We can conceive this as being accomplished by building up a group, which is revolved 180 with respect to the other group. This places say one-half of the units with their maximum range of inclination towards the right and with the other half towards the left, assuming the borders I to be 5 vertical, as shown in Figure 2. All of the units will, however, have their axes parallel.

It will. be seen that a reflector constructed as described will have the entire area effective on both sides of the axis of each and every one of the units to a point where the minimum range of inclination is reached. Therebeyond only one-. half of the reflector will become efiective but up to the maximum range of inclination. Accordingly, the reflector will always be visible to an observer up to the maximum range of inclination.

Where the units are constructed and arranged as in the Patent No. 1,848,675 but with the units arranged in adjacent groups, the units of each group are arranged with corresponding surfaces of adjacent units similarly oriented and with the unit apertures formed by the intersection of the reflecting surfaces of adjacent units. More specifically stated, a series of square reflecting surfaces are arranged relatively at right angles and in a circuit around its axis, the units being arranged in adjacent groups and the units of each group being arranged in contiguous relation with the square surfaces of a unit intersecting with square surfaces of the surrounding units so as to form an hexagonal aperture therefor. In accordance with this invention, however, the units of adjacent groups have opposed orientations. This is accomplished in the manner shown in the drawing. The plate which has the units formed thereon is divided to provide adjacent reflector areas on opposite sides of a division line; the units of each area are arranged in contiguous relation with the corresponding surfaces, such as i and 8, lying in parallel planes; the surfaces I and 8 of one area are, however, located at acute angles to the corresponding surfaces of the adjacent area as shown in Fig. 3'. This results in the units of one group having orientations opposed to those of the other group even though all of the units have their axes parallel.

It will be understood, of course, that the front face of the reflector may be either plane or convex as, for instance, shown in applicant's Patent No. 1,807,350, May 26, 1931, and the units may conform to the front face as disclosed in said patent. It is further tobe understood that various changes may be made in details within the scope of the appended claim without departing from the spirit of this invention. It is, therefore, to be understood that this invention is not to be limited to the specific construction shown and described.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:

A reflecting device of the character described, comprising, a plate divided to provide adjacent reflector areas on opposite sides of a bisecting division line each reflector area being composed of a series of contiguous successive rows of refleeting units of the type in which, a series of square reflecting surfaces are arranged relatively at right angles and in a circuit around its axis, all of said units being arranged with their axes parallel, and the units of each area being arranged in contiguous relation with the square surfaces of the several units intersecting so as to form merging hexagonal apertures therefor, the corresponding surfaces of each area lying in parallel planes, the surfaces of one area which are in planes parallel to the division line being located at acute angles to corresponding surfaces of the adjacent area, whereby the units of the adjacent areas have opposed orientations.

JONATHAN C. STIMSON.

US183073A 1938-01-03 1938-01-03 Reflecting device Expired - Lifetime US2205638A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2481757A (en) * 1945-05-23 1949-09-13 Thoger G Jungersen Optical reflecting material
US2676518A (en) * 1951-07-05 1954-04-27 Rupert Richard Reflecting device
US2685231A (en) * 1949-12-08 1954-08-03 Gen Motors Corp Combination reflector and taillight lens
DE1226460B (en) * 1955-08-22 1966-10-06 Ernest Leubaz Means for reflecting flat directed to the road surface beams of light in a low angle to the light beams
US3748724A (en) * 1970-05-19 1973-07-31 M Beasley Reflector panels for road vehicles
US3948714A (en) * 1973-05-23 1976-04-06 Firma Hans Gubela Large-area reflectors from plastics
US4243618A (en) * 1978-10-23 1981-01-06 Avery International Corporation Method for forming retroreflective sheeting
EP0399677A1 (en) * 1989-05-08 1990-11-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Pole light providing unique footprint control
US6120280A (en) * 1995-07-28 2000-09-19 Nippon Carbide Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Microprism master mold
US6257860B1 (en) 1997-07-02 2001-07-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Cube corner sheeting mold and method of making the same
US20080212182A1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2008-09-04 Technology Solutions & Invention Llc Two-sided corner-cube retroreflectors and methods of manufacturing the same
US7425075B1 (en) 2004-01-28 2008-09-16 Hubbell David A Optical reflecting material

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2481757A (en) * 1945-05-23 1949-09-13 Thoger G Jungersen Optical reflecting material
US2685231A (en) * 1949-12-08 1954-08-03 Gen Motors Corp Combination reflector and taillight lens
US2676518A (en) * 1951-07-05 1954-04-27 Rupert Richard Reflecting device
DE1226460B (en) * 1955-08-22 1966-10-06 Ernest Leubaz Means for reflecting flat directed to the road surface beams of light in a low angle to the light beams
US3748724A (en) * 1970-05-19 1973-07-31 M Beasley Reflector panels for road vehicles
US3948714A (en) * 1973-05-23 1976-04-06 Firma Hans Gubela Large-area reflectors from plastics
US4243618A (en) * 1978-10-23 1981-01-06 Avery International Corporation Method for forming retroreflective sheeting
EP0399677A1 (en) * 1989-05-08 1990-11-28 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Pole light providing unique footprint control
US6120280A (en) * 1995-07-28 2000-09-19 Nippon Carbide Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Microprism master mold
US6257860B1 (en) 1997-07-02 2001-07-10 3M Innovative Properties Company Cube corner sheeting mold and method of making the same
US6318987B1 (en) 1997-07-02 2001-11-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Cube corner sheeting mold and method of making the same
US6386855B1 (en) 1997-07-02 2002-05-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Cube corner sheeting mold and of making the same
US7425075B1 (en) 2004-01-28 2008-09-16 Hubbell David A Optical reflecting material
US20080212182A1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2008-09-04 Technology Solutions & Invention Llc Two-sided corner-cube retroreflectors and methods of manufacturing the same
US7506987B2 (en) 2007-03-02 2009-03-24 Technology Solutions & Invention Llc Two-sided corner-cube retroreflectors and methods of manufacturing the same
US20090237791A1 (en) * 2007-03-02 2009-09-24 Technology Solutions & Invention Llc Two-sided corner-cube retroreflectors and methods of manufacturing the same
US7703931B2 (en) 2007-03-02 2010-04-27 Technology Solutions & Invention Llc Two-sided corner-cube retroreflectors and methods of manufacturing the same

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