US2205614A - Closure fastener - Google Patents

Closure fastener Download PDF

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Publication number
US2205614A
US2205614A US226711A US22671138A US2205614A US 2205614 A US2205614 A US 2205614A US 226711 A US226711 A US 226711A US 22671138 A US22671138 A US 22671138A US 2205614 A US2205614 A US 2205614A
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United States
Prior art keywords
mounting
sash
stop
tongues
opening
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Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US226711A
Inventor
Carl E Bashe
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Carl E Bashe
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Publication date
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Priority to US226711A priority Critical patent/US2205614A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2205614A publication Critical patent/US2205614A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C17/00Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith
    • E05C17/02Devices for holding wings open; Devices for limiting opening of wings or for holding wings open by a movable member extending between frame and wing; Braking devices, stops or buffers, combined therewith by mechanical means
    • E05C17/54Portable devices, e.g. wedges; wedges for holding wings open or closed
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B65/00Locks or fastenings for special use
    • E05B65/08Locks or fastenings for special use for sliding wings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/71Wedges

Description

' June 25, 1940. C, B H 2,205,614
CLO SURE FAS TENER Filed Aug. 25, 19:58
- o 6 if 5 64 gwuvwho'v Carl E. Bash Patented June 25, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE v 2,205,614 H Y a v CLOSURE FASTENER Carl E. Bashe, Minneapolis, Minn. Application August 25, 1938, Serial No. 226,711
Claims.
My invention relates to closure fasteners and has'for an object to provide a fastener particularly adaptable for use in conjunction with windows having double hung sash.
5 Another object of the invention resides in providing a closure fastener which will be simple in construction.
A still further object of the invention resides in providing a closure fastener which will be inexpensive to manufacture.
An object of the invention resides in providing a. closure fastener which may be easily applied to the structure with which it is to be used and which will not readily get out. of order.
An object of the invention resides in providing a closure fastener which will be rattle proof.
Another object of the invention resides in providing a fastener by means of which the opening of the sash may be limited to a predetermined 2 amount.
A still further object of the invention resides in providing a closure fastener having a mounting and a stop carried by said mounting and in constructing the stop detachable from the moimting to permit of complete opening of the sash. i
Another object of the invention resides in attaching the mounting to one of the stiles of one of the sash and in constructing the mounting of so dimensions such that the mounting projects outwardly from the stile to which it is attached an amount less than the clearance between the said stile and the meeting rail of the other sash so that the said second named sash may slide past the mounting.
Another object of the invention resides in constructing the stop' with attaching means disposed wholly Within the confines of said mounting.
Another object of the invention resides in constructing the mounting from a plate U-shaped in form and having an opening therein extending through an edge thereof and in further having the marginal portion of the plate adjacent said opening turned outwardly therefrom to form two spaced parallel tongues and to leave co-planar flanges adjoining said tongues and providing a base.
A feature of the invention resides in detachably securing the stop to said tongues.
Another object of the invention resides in constmcting the stop with a bearing surface adapted to engage the surface to which the mounting is applied and within the opening formed in said mounting.
-'55 Other objects of the invention reside in the novel combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter illustrated and/or described.
In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view through a is window illustrating the application of my invention thereto. g
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary elevational view of a door and a door frame illustrating the application of my invention thereto.
Fig. 3 is a perspective View of the closure fastener detached from the window or door.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the mounting.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the stop.
Fig. 6 is a plan view of the structure ShO-Wlllll (15 Fig. 3. 1
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary cross sectional View taken on line 1-1 of Fig. 1.
For the purpose of illustrating my invention,
I have shown in Fig. 1 a portion of a window. I0 .20 having a frame II in which is slidably mounted a pair of double hung sash l2 and I3.
The frame H consists of vertical frame members M which have secured to them stops or runners I5, l6 and I1 between which tracks "25 I8 and I9 are formed and in which the sash l2 and I3 slide.
The sash I 2 includes stiles 2| and a meeting rail 22 together with such other parts as are customarily found in sash. The sash l3, simi- 30 larly includes stiles 23 and a meeting rail 24 which is adapted to engage the rail 22 to close the sash when the rails 22 and 24 are opposite one another. As will be noted inFig. 1, the corner 25 of the rail 24 has a certain amount of clear- 35 ance with reference to the stile 2| of sash l2 which is brought about by the use of the stop or runner l6. This clearance has been designated by the reference numeral 26 and is utilized with my invention as will be presently more fully 40 described.
My invention proper consists of a mounting 27 which is adapted to be attached to the stile 2| of 'sash I2 and which has detachably secured to it a stop 28 which is adapted to engage sash '45 I3 and to limit relative sliding movement of the sash. These parts will now be described in detail.
The mounting 21 is constructed from a blank of sheet metal which is U-shaped in form to pro- 50 vide two legs 32 and 33 and a connecting portion 34 therebetween. By means of this construction an opening 29 is formed in the center of the blank extending through one edge thereof. The marginal portion 3| of the blank extending about 255 the opening 29 is turned outwardly therefrom, as best seen in Fig. 4. This forms two tongues 35 and 36 which extend along the legs 32 and 33 and flanges 31 and 38 issuing therefrom. The flanges 31 and 38 lie in the plane of the blank from which the mounting is constructed and form a base for attaching the mounting to the stile 2|. In similar manner the marginal portion 3| may be turned up at the rear of the opening 29 to form an abutment 39 and. a flange 4| connected therewith. Both of the tongues 35, 36 and the abutment 39 lie in continuation and likewise the flanges 31, 38 and M lie in a single plane. The tongues 35 and 36 are arranged in converging relation so that the same form a dove-tailed slot therebetween. The flanges 31 and 38 are constructed with holes 42 through which suitable screws 43 (Fig. 1) may be inserted for attaching the mounting to the stile 2 I.
The stop 28 is preferably construct-ed of some resilient material such as rubber or any of the similar compositions now used in place thereof. This stop comprises a body M having spaced parallel lateral surfaces 58, a bearing surface 41 and an upper surface 40. The surface 49 con verges with respect to the bearing surface i! to form a wedge ll at the toe end of the body i l. At the heel end of this body the same is con structed with two grooves 5i which are parallel to one another and which toe inwardly to form a dove tail adapted to be inserted into the dovetailed groove formed by the tongues 35 and The tongues 35 and 3B are adapted to be received within the grooves 5i and the stop 28 may he slid longitudinally along the tongues 35 and it until movement of said stop is arrested by means of abutment 39. In the construction of. the mounting 2?, the height of the tongues 35, 35 and 39 is made less than the clearance Eli between the rail 2d of sash l3 and the stile ii of sash l2. This permits of the sliding of the sash 13 past the mounting 21 whereby the window may be operated in the customary manner when the stop 28 is removed.
In the installation of the device the mounting 27 is attached to the stile 2| of sash i2 by means of the screws l3 which extend through the holes 62 of the flanges 3'! and 39 and are screwed into the stile 2!. Mounting 2i so arranged that the abutment 39 is uppermost and so that the opening 25 opens downwardly. Due to the construc tion of the said mounting, after the same has been applied, the sash may be slid relative to one another without interference with the mounting 27. When it is desired to limit relative sliding movement of the sash, stop 28 is applied to the mounting Z'l by sliding the same along the tongues'fiS and 3G. The body i l of said stop is of a height at its heel end greater than the clearance 25 so that, when the windows are moved relative to one another, the corner '15 of rail 2d of sash 13 engages the converging surface 38 of the wedge 49 and wedges the sash tightly against the runners Hi and ii, thus limiting opening movement of the sash. Such movement tends to force the body' 4 along the tongues 35 and ill; and toward the abutment 39. This abutment prevents disengagement of the stop from the holder and prevents further movement of the sash.
It will be noted that the bearing surface 4'! of the body 4 1 of stop 28 bears directly against the surface of the stile 2i throughoutits entire extent. By means of this construction, rattling of the device is entirely prevented. Elhould the mounting 2'! become loose, the stop 28, being disposed directly between the two sash and without any intervening structure, wou d positively engage both parts and prevent relative movement therebetween. Any pressure applied to the surface 48 of the body Mi of stop 28 tends to spread out the material of the said stop and particularly at the grooves 5i which causes outward movement of the mounting 21, thereby urging the same away from the surface of thc stile 2i and thus taking up the play which might have resulted in this mounting becoming loose. In this manner rattling is prevented, even though the mounting 21 may become loose.
In Fig. 2 I have shown my invention used as a door stop. In this figure a door frame 6| is shown and to which is hingedly connected a door (32 by means of hinges 53. The floor of the room, in which the door and frame is installed, is indicated by the reference numeral 64. In using my invention in conjunction with the door 62, the mounting 21 is attached to the floor and the stop 26 is secured to the mounting in a manner such as to engage the lower corner of the door 62 when the same is swung up to the desired ultimate position. On removal of the stop 28 the door may swing free of the mounting Z7 and thus function in its ordinary manner.
My invention is highly advantageous in that an extremely simple and practical construction is provided, whereby the opening of windows may be limited. .Vith my invention the stop can readily be removed and when once removed the window operates entirely in the same manner as without the fastener. My invention can be c0hctructed at a nominal cost and is easy to install. My device is so simple that the operator can readily understand the method of use and no experience or intricate instructions are needed to explain the method of operation. Should the stop fall out of. the mounting the same would not prevent operation cl the sash. My invention will not mar or injure the closure with which it is to be used. The window utilizing my improved closure fastener becomes entirely rattle proof when the window is opened and even if the mounting becomes loose, rattling is still prevented.
Changes in the specific form of my invention, as herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:
1. A closure fastener comprising a mounting for attachment to the surface of an object with which the fastener is to be used, said mounting having an opening in the center thereof and tongues extending along said opening, a stop having a bearing surface adapted to engage the surface on which the mounting is attached and means on the opposite side of said stop for engageinent with said tongues for guiding said stop for sliding movement along said tongues and over said surface.
2. A closure fastener comprising a mounting constructed from a plate cl-shaped in form and having an opening therein extending through an edge of the plate, said plate having the marginal portion thereof at said opening turned outwardly therefrom to form two spaced parallel tongues and to. leave coplanar flanges forming a base, means for attaching said flanges to the surface of the structure with which the fastener is to be used and a stop having a bearing surface adapted to rest upon the surface on which said mounting is disposed and within the opening in said mounting, means for detachably securing said stop to said tongues and means extending through said flanges for. attaching the mounting to the structure with which it is to be used.
3. A closure fastener comprising a mounting constructed from a plate U-shaped in form and having an opening therein extending through an edge of the plate, said plate having the marginal portion thereof at said opening turned outwardly therefrom to form two spaced parallel tongues and to leave coplanar flanges forming a base, and a stop having v-shaped grooves on opposite sides thereof adapted to receive said tongues and to hold the stop attached to said mounting thereby.
,4. A closure fastener for application to a Window having a frame formed with a runner and a pair of double hung sash slidable on opposite sides of said runnerand provided with stiles and meeting rails, said closure fastener comprising a mounting constructed from a' plate U-shaped in form and having an opening therein extending through an edge of the plate, said plate having the marginal portion thereof at said opening turned outwardly therefrom to form two spaced parallel tongues and to leave co-planar flanges forming a base, means for attaching said base to the stile of one of said sash, said base and tongues extending outwardly from said stile an amount less than the clearance between said stile and the meeting rail of the other sash, a stop having V-shaped grooves adapted to receive said tongues for slidably attaching said I dow having a frame formed with a runner anda pair of double hung sash slidable on opposite sides of said runner and provided with stiles and meeting rails, said closure fastener comprising a mounting adapted to be attached to one of the stiles of one of said sash and to project outwardly beyond said stile an amount less than the clearance between said stile and the meeting rail of the other sash, a stop carried by said mounting and formed in the shapeof a wedge provided with two friction surfaces, said mounting holding said stop with one friction surface in engagement with the stile to which the mounting is attached and the other surface for engagement with the opposite part of the other sash. I
CARL E.'BASHE.
US226711A 1938-08-25 1938-08-25 Closure fastener Expired - Lifetime US2205614A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2415166A (en) * 1944-09-23 1947-02-04 John C Fitzgerald Burglarproof window catch
US3833963A (en) * 1973-03-06 1974-09-10 S Waters Lockable safety door stop
US3977714A (en) * 1975-03-03 1976-08-31 Floyd Arthur Trotter Stop assembly
US4235464A (en) * 1979-06-20 1980-11-25 Cantley Richard E Door lock construction
US4639950A (en) * 1983-11-30 1987-02-03 Leif Palmaer Method of and means for holding a securing member in an existing attachment slit
US4697789A (en) * 1986-08-28 1987-10-06 Parkins Donald L Locksmith's wedge for automobile doors
US4736974A (en) * 1987-02-09 1988-04-12 Rosenthal Mark D Portable window stop
US5468032A (en) * 1994-11-23 1995-11-21 Hebert; Robert J. Door stop assembly
US5697656A (en) * 1994-11-23 1997-12-16 Hebert; Robert J. Door stop assembly
US20050235561A1 (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-10-27 Bushey Richard D Door wedge
EP1980685A1 (en) 2008-04-01 2008-10-15 Popp-op A wedge extended with a second wedge
US20130047374A1 (en) * 2011-08-25 2013-02-28 Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle door fixing apparatus and fixed wedge of same
US8894110B2 (en) * 2013-02-05 2014-11-25 Taylor Brothers Door Lock, LLC Door security device
DE102017011267A1 (en) * 2017-12-07 2019-06-13 Thorsten Russ Securing device for a door
US10689890B2 (en) 2017-06-30 2020-06-23 Joseph Curtis Taylor Door security device

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2415166A (en) * 1944-09-23 1947-02-04 John C Fitzgerald Burglarproof window catch
US3833963A (en) * 1973-03-06 1974-09-10 S Waters Lockable safety door stop
US3977714A (en) * 1975-03-03 1976-08-31 Floyd Arthur Trotter Stop assembly
US4235464A (en) * 1979-06-20 1980-11-25 Cantley Richard E Door lock construction
US4639950A (en) * 1983-11-30 1987-02-03 Leif Palmaer Method of and means for holding a securing member in an existing attachment slit
US4697789A (en) * 1986-08-28 1987-10-06 Parkins Donald L Locksmith's wedge for automobile doors
US4736974A (en) * 1987-02-09 1988-04-12 Rosenthal Mark D Portable window stop
US5468032A (en) * 1994-11-23 1995-11-21 Hebert; Robert J. Door stop assembly
US5697656A (en) * 1994-11-23 1997-12-16 Hebert; Robert J. Door stop assembly
US20050235561A1 (en) * 2004-04-21 2005-10-27 Bushey Richard D Door wedge
EP1980685A1 (en) 2008-04-01 2008-10-15 Popp-op A wedge extended with a second wedge
US20130047374A1 (en) * 2011-08-25 2013-02-28 Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle door fixing apparatus and fixed wedge of same
US9121203B2 (en) * 2011-08-25 2015-09-01 Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle door fixing apparatus and fixed wedge of same
US8894110B2 (en) * 2013-02-05 2014-11-25 Taylor Brothers Door Lock, LLC Door security device
US20150076844A1 (en) * 2013-02-05 2015-03-19 Taylor Brothers Door Lock, LLC Door security device
US9534430B2 (en) 2013-02-05 2017-01-03 Joseph Curtis Taylor Door security device
US9957741B2 (en) 2013-02-05 2018-05-01 Joseph Curtis Taylor Door security device
US10689890B2 (en) 2017-06-30 2020-06-23 Joseph Curtis Taylor Door security device
DE102017011267A1 (en) * 2017-12-07 2019-06-13 Thorsten Russ Securing device for a door

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