US2196657A - Well cementing apparatus - Google Patents

Well cementing apparatus Download PDF

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US2196657A
US2196657A US269121A US26912139A US2196657A US 2196657 A US2196657 A US 2196657A US 269121 A US269121 A US 269121A US 26912139 A US26912139 A US 26912139A US 2196657 A US2196657 A US 2196657A
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packer
casing
cementing
valved
latch
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Expired - Lifetime
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US269121A
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Clarence E Burt
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Baker Hughes Oilfield Operations Inc
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Baker Oil Tools Inc
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B33/00Sealing or packing boreholes or wells
    • E21B33/10Sealing or packing boreholes or wells in the borehole
    • E21B33/13Methods or devices for cementing, for plugging holes, crevices, or the like
    • E21B33/14Methods or devices for cementing, for plugging holes, crevices, or the like for cementing casings into boreholes

Description

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April 9, 1940- c. E. BURT WELL CEMENTING APPARATUS Filed April 21, 1939 Patented Apr. 9, 1940 2,198,657 WELL CEMENTING APPARATUS Clarence E. Burt, Los

to Baker Oil Tools, Inc.,

Angeles, Calif., assignor Huntington Park,

CaIiL, a corporation of California Application April 21, 1939, Serial No. 269,121

8 Claims.

This invention relates to well cementing apparatus having particular utility in the placing of cement slurry directly in the annular space between the wall of the well bore and a well casing or liner disposed in said bore.

In thedrilling of deep wells, it is, in many instances, desirable to conduct a cementing operation at a predetermined point along the well casing through lateral ports or openings. Therefore, it is the principal object of my present invention to provide an improved apparatus by means of which cementing operations at selected predetermined points along the well casing may be eificiently carried out.

In practice I provide the well casing with a cementing collar having lateral cementing ports, which is lowered into the well bore in conjunction with the casing. I also provide a novel form of valved packer which may at any time be run into the casing and latched therein in proper relationship to said cementing ports so that cement may be forced downwardly through the running in tubing and thence through the packer and the lateral cementing ports. The latching of the packer is so effected that thereafter the running in tubing may be disconnected from the packer and removed from the casing without permitting the back flow of the cement slurry into the casing and upwardly through the packer.

In one embodiment of my apparatus I provide a means for bridging the casing below the cementing ports after the casing has been lowered into the well and just prior to the commencement of the cementing operation.

The invention is exemplified in the following description and illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. l is a central vertical sectional view through a well casing showing my improved apparatus in connection therewith.

Fig. 2 is a central sectional view through the apparatus disclosing one form of the valved packer employed.

Fig. 3 is a similar view showing a second form of valved packer employed.

Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken on line IV-IV of Fig. 2.

Referring more particularly to the accompanying drawing, III indicates a well casing or tubing, between lengths of which is fitted a collar II which forms a part of my improved apparatus. This collar is formed with lateral cementing ports I2 so that cement under pressure discharged into the collar may discharge outwardly through the ports I2 into the space surrounding the well casing. The collar II may be positioned at any desired point along the length of the casing at which it is desired to cement.

In one form of the apparatus, illustrated particuiarly in Figs. 1 and 2, a latching sleeve I4 is secured interiorly of the collar. This sleeve is annularly bored as at I5 to provide an annular latch shoulder I6. In register with the bore I5 and extending the vertical length thereof the latching sleeve is formed with three openings I'I spaced equal distances apart about the circumference of the sleeve, these openings providing abutments forming back up stops I'Ia as will be described.

For cooperation with the latching sleeve I4 is what I prefer to term a valved packer I8, such as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3. Referring to Fig. 2, it will be seen that this valved packer comprises a cylindrical body I9, the upper end of whichis formed with a centrally located and threaded bore 20, the threads being left-handed so that the run in tubing 2| may be disconnected therefrom, as will be described.

The cylindrical body I9 is formed with a valve chamber 22, the upper end of which is provided with a valve seat 23 with which a buoyant ball valve 24 cooperates. Spaced lugs 25 are provided in the lower end of the valve chamber 22 to enable the ball valve 24 to unseat but to prevent it from passing out of the valve chamber. This arrangement enables fluid or cement slurry to be pumped downwardly through the tubing 2| and thence through the valve chamber22 around the ball valve 24 and discharge into the collar II, and thence outwardly into the space surrounding the casing through the lateral ports I2.

It will be noticed that the diameter of the lower portion of the cylindrical body I9 is just slightly less than the internal diameter of the latching sleeve I4. The upper end of the cylindrical body member I9 has a number of stop abutments 26 to contacts, stop abutment shoulder 260. at the upper end of the latch sleeve I4 so as to permit proper positioning of the valved packer I8 relative to the sleeve I4, and to prevent the valved packer I8 from passing completely through the sleeve I4.

I also call attention to piston type of packing 21 carried by the cylindrical body I9 .50 as to prevent the passage of fluid upwardly between the cylindrical body I9 and the sleeve I4, when the valved packer I8 is positioned with respect thereto for cementing purposes.

It is necessary and desirable that after the valved packer I8 is positioned for use in the collar II, that it be latched against upward dislodgment. I accomplish this by means of complemental latch means on the valved packer l8 and the collar ll, part of which, means is the latching shoulder IS in the sleeve ll. To cooperate with this annular latch shoulder ii are three latch members 28 carried by the cylindrical body IQ of the valved packer l8. For accommodation of these latch members 28 the cylindrical body I8 is formed with an annular groove 23. The latch members 28 are elongated and contoured so as to lie circumferentially in the groove 28 and to nest therein. They are pivoted at one end as at 80 and springs 8i interposedbetween the free ends and the cylindrical body member l9 constantly urge the free ends of the latch members radially outward, as illustrated in Fig. 4. Stop members 82 are provided to limit the outward movement of the latch members.

It will be noticed that the outer faces of the latch members 28 are beveled and also that the stop abutment shoulder 28a is likewise beveled so that when the valved packer is lowered into the casing and the latch members 28 register with the stop abutment shoulder 26a, that the corresponding beveled faces will force the latching members 28 into the groove 29 so that the same may pass into the sleeve until they register with the groove or bore I below the annular latch shoulder I6. At this point they move radially outward because of the springs 3i and thereafter prevent upward movement of the valved packer because of engagement with the annular latch shoulder I6.

I also desire to point out that when the latching members 28 are in proper register with the openings i! in the latching sleeve ll. that the free ends of the latching members 28 project slightly into the openings I! so that any attempt to turn the valved packer in a clockwise direction will be prevented by engagement of the ends of the latching members with the back up stops [1a. This, of course, enables unscrewing of the tubing 2| from the cylindrical body l8 so that the tubing may be withdrawn from the well casing.

The form of the valved packer shown in Fig. 3 is identical with that shown in Fig. 2 in all respects except that the lowerend of the valve chamber 22 is blanked ofl and closed by means of a plug 33, and that the cement, instead of discharging downwardly through the valve chamber, discharges through radial ports 34 in the cylindrical body member l8 which register with cementing ports 35 formed radially through the latch sleeve l4 and the collar ll.

Also in the form of the device shown in Fig. 3 opposed piston packings 36 are disposed on the cylindrical body member l9 at opposite sides of the ports 34 so as to prevent fluid pumped outwardly through the ports 34 from leaking between the cylindrical body l8 and the latch sleeve M in either an upward or a downward direction.

When employing the form of valved packer shown in Fig. 2, when cementing at a point intermediate the ends of the casing, it is desirable to be able to bridge the casing just prior to the cementing operation. In Fig. 1 I have shown a means of bridging the collar ll just below the ports l2. This means comprises a bridging plate or bridging ball seat 3'! secured in the collar H and having a seat 38 formed in its upper end to receive a bridging ball 39 which may be sent down the casing at any time prior to the cementing operation. Prior to sending the bridging ball down to seat on the brid ing plate or seat. fluid may be'pumped down the casing in an uninterrupted fashion.

In practice, I construct the collar II as illustrated and interpose it in the casing string at the desired point, which may be at any point between the lower and upper terminals of the casing, so that after the casing has been positioned in the well bore, the position of the collar ll therein will correspond with the point at which it is desired to cement. The collar II is, of course, fitted with the latching sleeve II and when it is desired to use the type of valved packer shown in Fig. 2, the collar is fitted with the bridging plate or seat 87. After the casing has been positioned in the well bore and assuming that cementing is to be accomplished by means of the valved packer l8 shown in Fig. 2, the bridging ball 38 is sent down the casing, and when it seats on the seat 38, bridging-of the casing at that point is effected. This bridging is, of course, below the cementing ports l2. The valved packer I8 is threaded on the left-hand threads at the lower end of the running in tubing 2i and run down the casing until the stop abutments 26 contact the stop abutment shoulder 23a, which stops the running in and assures the operator that the latch members 28 are positioned to engage the annular latch shoulder l6 and prevent upward movement of the packer. Cement slurry or other fluid may then be pumped downwardly through the running in tubing 2! and will by-pass the ball 24 and discharge into the collar H, and thence outwardly through the ports l2.

Upon the cessation of the pumping operations, the back-pressure of the fluid cannot pass upwardly into the tubing 2| due to the provision of the back-pressure valve 24. The tubing 2| may then be unscrewed from the valved packer l8 by turning it in a clockwise direction inasmuch as the cylindrical body 19 of the packer cannot revolve in this direction due to engagement of the latch members 28 with the back up stops "a. After the tubing has been removed and the cement has set, the packer, together with the bridge, may be drilled out, if desired.

It is seen that if the device is used at the lower terminal of the casing, the lateral ports i2 may be dispensed with and the cement pumped di rectly out of the bottom of the casing and then upwardly around the same.

If the type of valved packer shown. in Fig. 3 is employed, no bridging is necessary in that the lower end of the valved packer is closed and the cement which is discharged emerges through the ports 34 in the valved packer and ports 35 in the latching sleeve I4 and collar II.

It is obvious, of course, to one skilled in the art that prior to the sending down of the bridging ball 38, or prior to the running in of the packer l8, that cementing through the lower end of the casing, or through a point in the casing below the collar ll, may be carried on, either by pumping cement directly down through the casing, or by lowering tubing down through the casing to the selected point.

From the foregoing it is obvious that I have provided a comparatively simple and very effective way' for cementing off a well casing at predetermined points along the same, and while I have illustrated and described the preferred emfrom the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In an apparatus of the nature disclosed, the combination of a tubular body adapted to be incorporated in a well casing to form a portion of its normally open axial flow passage, said body having a lateral discharge port in its side wall, means for bridging said flow passage below said discharge port, a packer valved against backpressure and adapted to be connected to a cementing string of tubing and lowered into said casing thereby'to a cementing position in which cement slurry flowing through said packer will be discharged through said lateral port, and complemental latch elements on said body and said packer for latching said packer in cementing position.

2. In an apparatus of the nature disclosed, the combination of a tubular body adapted to be incorporated in a well casing to form a portion of its normally open axial flow passage, said body having a lateral discharge port in its side wall and being formed to provide an internal annular seat below said port, a bridging element adapted to be sent down said well casing to engage said seat and bridge said flow passage below said discharge port, a packer valved against back-pressure and adapted to be connected to a cementing string of tubing and lowered into said casing thereby to a cementing position in which cement slurry flowing through said packer will be discharged through said lateral port, and complemental latch elements on said body and said packer for latching said packer in cementing position.

3. In an apparatus of the nature disclosed, the

' combination of a tubular body adapted to be incorporated in a well casing to form a portion of its normally open axial flow passage, said body having a lateral discharge port in its side wall, means for bridging said flow passage below said discharge port, a packer valved against backpressure and adapted to be screwed on the lower end of a cementing string of tubing and lowered into said casing thereby to a cementing position in which cement slurry flowing through said packer will be discharged through said lateral port, and complemental' latch elements on said body and said packer for latching said packer in cementing position, said latch elements being capable of preventing rotation of the packer in one direction to enable the tubing string to be unscrewed therefrom and withdrawn from the well casing.

4. In an apparatus of the nature disclosed, the combination of a tubular body adapted to be incorporated in a well casing to form a portion of ered into said casing to engage said stop abutment and be supported thereby in position to discharge cement slurry through said discharge port, and latch means carried by said packer and adapted for cooperation with said latch shoulder to prevent withdrawal of the packer.

5. In an apparatus of the nature disclosed, the combination of a tubular body adapted to be incorporated in a well casing to form a portion of its normally open axial flow passage, said body having a lateral discharge port in its side wall and being formed to provide an internal stop abutment and to provide an internal annular latch shoulder disposed abovesaid port, means for bridging said flow passage below said discharge port, a tubular packer valved against back-pressure and adapted to be screwed on the lower end of a cementing string of tubing and lowered into said casing to engage said stop abut- I merit and be supported thereby in position to discharge cement slurry through said discharge port, and latch means carried by said packer and adapted for cooperation with said latch shoulder to prevent withdrawal of the packer, said body adjacent said latch shoulder being provided with back up stops and said latch means being capable of engaging said stops to prevent rotation of the packer in one direction to enable the tubing string to be unscrewed therefrom and withdrawn from the well casing.

6. In an apparatus of the nature disclosed, the combination of a tubular body adapted to be incorporated in a well casing, a packer valved against back-pressure and adapted to b detachably connected to the lower end of a cementing string of tubing and lowered into said casing thereby to a cementing position, and complemental latch elements on said body and said packer for latching said packer in cementing position against subsequent withdrawal.

'7. In an apparatus of the nature disclosed, the combination of a tubular body adapted to be incorporated in a well casing, a packer valved against back-pressure and adapted to be screwed on the lower end of a cementing string of tubing and lowered into said casing thereby to a cementing position, and complemental latch elements on said body and said packer for latching said packer in cementing position against subsequent withdrawal, said latch elements being capable of preventing rotation of the packer in one direction to enable the tubing string to be unscrewed therefrom and withdrawn from the well casing.

8. In an apparatus of the nature disclosed, the combination of a tubular body adapted to be incorporated in a well casing, a tubular packer adapted to be screwed on the lower end of a cementing string of tubing and lowered into said casing thereby to a cementing position, and coacting latch means on said body and said packer for latching said packer in cementing position against withdrawal from the casing and functioning to prevent rotation of the packer in one direction to enable the tubing string to be unscrewed from the latched packer and withdrawn from the casing.

CLARENCE E. BURT.

US269121A 1939-04-21 1939-04-21 Well cementing apparatus Expired - Lifetime US2196657A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431751A (en) * 1941-06-09 1947-12-02 Landes H Hayward Apparatus for cementing wells
US2662602A (en) * 1947-06-27 1953-12-15 L L Rector Means for guiding, floating, and cementing well casing in bored holes
US3050129A (en) * 1960-05-09 1962-08-21 Shell Oil Co Apparatus for cementing well casing
US3077227A (en) * 1960-05-09 1963-02-12 Shell Oil Co Method and apparatus for cementing well casing
WO1990004699A2 (en) * 1988-10-21 1990-05-03 Weatherford U.S., Inc. Float collar and plug for use in wells
US5368098A (en) * 1993-06-23 1994-11-29 Weatherford U.S., Inc. Stage tool
US20100000794A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2010-01-07 Hall David R Lead the Bit Rotary Steerable Tool
US20100212886A1 (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-08-26 Hall David R Downhole Tool Actuation having a Seat with a Fluid By-Pass
US20100212966A1 (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-08-26 Hall David R Downhole Tool Actuation
US8267196B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-09-18 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Flow guide actuation
US8281882B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-10-09 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Jack element for a drill bit
US8297375B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-10-30 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole turbine
US8360174B2 (en) 2006-03-23 2013-01-29 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Lead the bit rotary steerable tool

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2431751A (en) * 1941-06-09 1947-12-02 Landes H Hayward Apparatus for cementing wells
US2662602A (en) * 1947-06-27 1953-12-15 L L Rector Means for guiding, floating, and cementing well casing in bored holes
US3050129A (en) * 1960-05-09 1962-08-21 Shell Oil Co Apparatus for cementing well casing
US3077227A (en) * 1960-05-09 1963-02-12 Shell Oil Co Method and apparatus for cementing well casing
WO1990004699A2 (en) * 1988-10-21 1990-05-03 Weatherford U.S., Inc. Float collar and plug for use in wells
WO1990004699A3 (en) * 1988-10-21 1990-06-14 Weatherford Us Inc Float collar and plug for use in wells
US4979562A (en) * 1988-10-21 1990-12-25 Weatherford U.S., Inc. Float equipment including float collars and modular plugs for well operations
US5368098A (en) * 1993-06-23 1994-11-29 Weatherford U.S., Inc. Stage tool
US5464062A (en) * 1993-06-23 1995-11-07 Weatherford U.S., Inc. Metal-to-metal sealable port
US8297375B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-10-30 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole turbine
US8522897B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2013-09-03 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Lead the bit rotary steerable tool
US8408336B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2013-04-02 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Flow guide actuation
US20100000794A1 (en) * 2005-11-21 2010-01-07 Hall David R Lead the Bit Rotary Steerable Tool
US8267196B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-09-18 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Flow guide actuation
US8281882B2 (en) 2005-11-21 2012-10-09 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Jack element for a drill bit
US8360174B2 (en) 2006-03-23 2013-01-29 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Lead the bit rotary steerable tool
US20100212885A1 (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-08-26 Hall David R Downhole Tool Actuation having a Seat with a Fluid By-Pass
US8365842B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2013-02-05 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Ratchet mechanism in a fluid actuated device
US8365843B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2013-02-05 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole tool actuation
US8371400B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2013-02-12 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole tool actuation
US20100212966A1 (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-08-26 Hall David R Downhole Tool Actuation
US20100212886A1 (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-08-26 Hall David R Downhole Tool Actuation having a Seat with a Fluid By-Pass
US9127521B2 (en) 2009-02-24 2015-09-08 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole tool actuation having a seat with a fluid by-pass
US9133674B2 (en) * 2009-02-24 2015-09-15 Schlumberger Technology Corporation Downhole tool actuation having a seat with a fluid by-pass

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