US2178025A - Composite shoe - Google Patents

Composite shoe Download PDF

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Publication number
US2178025A
US2178025A US25534039A US2178025A US 2178025 A US2178025 A US 2178025A US 25534039 A US25534039 A US 25534039A US 2178025 A US2178025 A US 2178025A
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Prior art keywords
upper
outsole
shoe
edge
layers
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Expired - Lifetime
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Richter Eduard
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Richter Eduard
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B3/00Footwear characterised by the shape or the use
    • A43B3/24Collapsible or convertible footwear

Description

Oct. 31, 1939. E. RICHTER 2,178,025 COMPOSITE SHOE Filed Feb. 8, 1939 f VMWIIIIIIIIIIII/IIIl/lI/l/I/l/I/I/I/Il/IA Patented a. 31, 1939 PATENT OFFICE COMPOSITE SHOE Eduard Richter, Sagan, Germany Application February 8, 1939, Serial No. 255,340 In. Germany February 25, 1938 2 Claims.

This invention relates to a composite shoe, particularly a slipper, whose upper is detachably inserted with its lower edge in an inner groove of the upright edge of the outsole and held there- 0 in by means of. a sock or insole.

The invention eliminates the defects of the known composite shoes by providing a novel connection between the upper and the outsole, which consists in fitting the inwardly projecting edge of the outsole and the lower edge of the upper with wire rings of approximately equal size, the wire ring of the upper being inserted in a groove below the wire ring of the outsole and held by.

an insole possessing wedge-shaped grooves at the 5 front and rear round portions of its lateral face use of flexible wires as fastening members is not 25 open to the objection of interfering with the elasticity of the shoe and rendering it uncomfortable when worn.

As the shoe can be easily disassembled, the

parts thereof can be more thoroughly cleaned.-

39 Furthermore, smaller repairs can be made at home, and if the upper is worn out, the other parts may be united with a new upper of fabric which can also be made at home without much trouble.

35 Owing to the novel manner of fastening, the

' upper may be turned and worn on the other side as for instance in case of gloves. The upper may further comprise several diflerent layers of mateii al held together only at the lower edge by the 4 joint wire ring, which may be turned at will to bring one or the other layer to the outside. Such a shoe can be turned not only twice but several times and thus enables women for instance to wear shoes to match with their dresses without 45 having to buy a new pair of shoes for each dress. By producing the uppers at home personal taste can be satisfied to any extent. In an upper comprising two or more layers the heel and toe may, moreover, be readily stiflened by placing suitable 50 insertions between two layers, which will not be visible from the outside. a

The invention is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawing, in which Figures 1 to 4 show aslipper separated into its 55 component parts, Figs. 1 and 2 being longitudinal Fig. 5;

Figs. 7 and 8 are, respectively, a side view and an enlarged partial section on the line 8--8, of m Fig. '7, of a womans shoe; and

r Fig. 9 is a central longitudinal section of an upper comprising a plurality of layers.

The upper a made from soft leather, textile fabric or similar flexible material is adapted to the form of the foot and closed at the sides but open on top and below and has a stifiened yet still flexible lower edge which in the construction shown forms a sort of hem provided with a ring 21 of steel wire, 'etc. The outsole c has an upright and inwardly bent edge y, also stifiened by an inserted wire ring d having the same length as the wire 22 of the upper. The ring 12 is secured to the extreme edge of a fabric layer I worked in between two layers 0, c of leather, rubber, etc., which form the outsole, the layer I being for in- 25 stance pasted together with the two layers c, c. Below the wire insertion d the inside of the edge 0 has'a groove for receiving the stiffened lower. edge of the upper a. The upright edge of the outer layer 0 is bevelled upwardly, and the visible edge of the outsole c has therefore a shape similar to that of an ordinary shoe. A heel h which may be flat or high as required is firmly united with the outsole c.

The third part of the composite shoe is an in-' 85 sole 2' made of leather, rubber, etc., and shown in Figs. 2 and 3. This insole is so cut that after insertion of the upper 11 it completely fills the inner spaceof the outsole c limited by the upright edge andis so thick that when inserted in 40 the outsole 0 its surface will be on a slightly higher level than the upright edge 9 of the outsole c. The portion of the insole i lying above the edge g is extended to form a flange k which all around overlaps the edge a of the outsole 0 so that, as shown in Fig. 6, the two side surfaces of the insole i are stepped. At the front and rear round portions of the insole i, however. inwardly tapering grooves m are formed, and the portions of the insolei positioned above the grooves m form again flanges k which overlap. the sections of the upright edge 0 at the toe and rear round portion. The pointed lower edges '1: below the grooves m are so dimensioned and formed that they will engage the inner groove flhdbythereargroovem. Whentheinsoleiis thereupon pressed down to be incomplete contact with the outsole c, the two wedge-shaped groovesmmfixtheinsertedupperatothe outsole c while simultaneously the straight side faces of the sole positioned below the flanges 10 overlapping the two inserted wires b, d secure the lateral sections of the wires b, d in assembled position, as the side faces of the insole i are so close to the wires that the lower wire I) of the upper 'acannotpassanymore thesuperposedwiredof the edge a of the outsole e. The shoe can be disassembled again only after removal of the insole i, which can be readily eifected by pulling up the central section of this sole.

The women's shoe shown inl 'igs. 'l and 8 diifers from the shoe shown in Figs. 1 to 6 in that the outsole c comprises three layers of leather or rubber instead of two. The lowermost layer is thicker thanthe other two layers and forms a sostrongandhighlyresistanttreadsothat the shoecanbeusedalso for rough wearasa street shoe, etc. The heel h is suitably secured to the layer 0. The shoe is composed of three detachably connectible parts, viz., the upper a, the out- 45 sole c and the insole i which holds the other two parts together.

As the upper a consists of flexible material, it

be easily turned to bring its inside to the out- The possibility of using both sides of the will be appreciated not only when one side ed and cannot be cleaned at once, as frequen'tly happens in case of fabric-shoes, but msures also longer life of the shoe which is usually discarded when the upper becomes unsightly and damaged. If shoes are not symmetrical, the upper associated prior to turning with the outsole of the left shoe must after turning be united with the outsole of the right shoe, and vice versa. In case of symmetrical shoes, such as slippers, each upper, regardless of the side thereof that is to be worn on the outside, fits the outsole of either the right or left shoe.

Fig. 9 indicates that an upper may be composed of a plurality of differently colored or patterned layers a of fabric or leather or of mixed fabric and leather. In the example shown four different layers are provided. By making both sides of each layer different eight diiierently looking shoes can be produced while using one and the same upper a, outsole c and insole i so that women may have a shoe to match for each dress. The various layers are firmly united at the lower edge supporting the wire insertion b, for instance by sewing, but are loosely superposed at the upper edge and over the entire middle surface. Correspondingly, if two or three layers are used, uppers in four or six colors can be produced.

The invention is not restricted to the embodiments shown and described but may be varied in several ways without departing from its fundamental idea.

I claim:

1. A composite shoe, comprising an upper having a stiffened yet flexible hem-like lower edge, a wire ring provided in the lower edge of the upper, an outsole having an upright inwardly bent and internally grooved edge detachably receiving the wire ring of the upper, a wire ring having approximately the same size as said first ring for stiffening the edge of the outsole and being disposed above the groove, a heel firmly united with the outsole and a detachable insole having a fiange overlapping the edge of the outsole and tapering grooves at its front and rear round portions, in which said two rings are partly held in super posed order, the remaining sections of the rings being held by the side edges of the insole.

2. A composite shoe according to claim 1, in which the upper comprises a plurality of different layers of material jointly held together at the lower edge and capable of being selectively turned to bring one or the other side of each of said layers to the outside.

EDUARD RICHTER.

US2178025A 1938-02-25 1939-02-08 Composite shoe Expired - Lifetime US2178025A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2452502A (en) * 1945-04-25 1948-10-26 John P Tarbox Shoe construction
US2552943A (en) * 1948-03-04 1951-05-15 Jones & Malyon Ltd Shoe having a detachable upper
US2873540A (en) * 1955-08-02 1959-02-17 Murphy Venus Ramey Shoe with changeable elements
US2918735A (en) * 1956-05-03 1959-12-29 Johnston Percy William Ro Hill Rubber sole attaching means for shoes having a flexible attaching flange
US3000116A (en) * 1959-07-31 1961-09-19 Joseph H R Ally Sandal
US3528184A (en) * 1967-06-30 1970-09-15 Maudouit & Fils Ets Assembly of premoulded soles and attachment for sewing machine permitting soling of said sole to an article of footwear
US3878626A (en) * 1971-05-18 1975-04-22 Isman Claude Roger Detachable soles
US4267650A (en) * 1979-07-30 1981-05-19 Peter Bauer Shoe with removable outsole
US4363177A (en) * 1980-06-02 1982-12-14 Boros Leslie A Style convertible footwear
US4377042A (en) * 1979-07-30 1983-03-22 Peter Bauer Footwear having removable sole
US4974344A (en) * 1989-08-09 1990-12-04 Ching Peng J Shoe with interchangeable vamp and sole
WO1994008478A1 (en) * 1992-10-15 1994-04-28 Christian Cornelius Multi-purpose shoe
DE4408513A1 (en) * 1994-03-14 1995-09-21 Christian Cornelius Combination shoe made in two pieces fitting together
US6449878B1 (en) 2000-03-10 2002-09-17 Robert M. Lyden Article of footwear having a spring element and selectively removable components
US6601042B1 (en) 2000-03-10 2003-07-29 Robert M. Lyden Customized article of footwear and method of conducting retail and internet business
US20040148803A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-05 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US7016867B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2006-03-21 Lyden Robert M Method of conducting business including making and selling a custom article of footwear
US7107235B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2006-09-12 Lyden Robert M Method of conducting business including making and selling a custom article of footwear
US20080189984A1 (en) * 2004-06-10 2008-08-14 Reebok International Ltd. Convertible Sandal
US20090313851A1 (en) * 2006-07-12 2009-12-24 David Paolo Spinelli Shoe with detachable sole and vamp
US7770306B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2010-08-10 Lyden Robert M Custom article of footwear
EP2759220A1 (en) * 2013-01-29 2014-07-30 Achten Beheer B.V. Shoe assembly

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2452502A (en) * 1945-04-25 1948-10-26 John P Tarbox Shoe construction
US2552943A (en) * 1948-03-04 1951-05-15 Jones & Malyon Ltd Shoe having a detachable upper
US2873540A (en) * 1955-08-02 1959-02-17 Murphy Venus Ramey Shoe with changeable elements
US2918735A (en) * 1956-05-03 1959-12-29 Johnston Percy William Ro Hill Rubber sole attaching means for shoes having a flexible attaching flange
US3000116A (en) * 1959-07-31 1961-09-19 Joseph H R Ally Sandal
US3528184A (en) * 1967-06-30 1970-09-15 Maudouit & Fils Ets Assembly of premoulded soles and attachment for sewing machine permitting soling of said sole to an article of footwear
US3878626A (en) * 1971-05-18 1975-04-22 Isman Claude Roger Detachable soles
US4377042A (en) * 1979-07-30 1983-03-22 Peter Bauer Footwear having removable sole
US4267650A (en) * 1979-07-30 1981-05-19 Peter Bauer Shoe with removable outsole
US4363177A (en) * 1980-06-02 1982-12-14 Boros Leslie A Style convertible footwear
US4974344A (en) * 1989-08-09 1990-12-04 Ching Peng J Shoe with interchangeable vamp and sole
WO1994008478A1 (en) * 1992-10-15 1994-04-28 Christian Cornelius Multi-purpose shoe
DE4408513A1 (en) * 1994-03-14 1995-09-21 Christian Cornelius Combination shoe made in two pieces fitting together
US6449878B1 (en) 2000-03-10 2002-09-17 Robert M. Lyden Article of footwear having a spring element and selectively removable components
US6601042B1 (en) 2000-03-10 2003-07-29 Robert M. Lyden Customized article of footwear and method of conducting retail and internet business
US7770306B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2010-08-10 Lyden Robert M Custom article of footwear
US7107235B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2006-09-12 Lyden Robert M Method of conducting business including making and selling a custom article of footwear
US7016867B2 (en) 2000-03-10 2006-03-21 Lyden Robert M Method of conducting business including making and selling a custom article of footwear
US8813387B2 (en) 2003-01-21 2014-08-26 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US7076890B2 (en) 2003-01-21 2006-07-18 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US6915596B2 (en) * 2003-01-21 2005-07-12 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US20060213088A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2006-09-28 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US9521875B2 (en) 2003-01-21 2016-12-20 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US7444763B2 (en) 2003-01-21 2008-11-04 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US20090000149A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2009-01-01 Nike, Inc. Footwear with Separable Upper and Sole Structure
EP2298110B1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2016-08-24 NIKE Innovate C.V. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US20040148803A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2004-08-05 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US7814682B2 (en) * 2003-01-21 2010-10-19 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US20110000104A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2011-01-06 Nike, Inc. Footwear with Separable Upper and Sole Structure
US20050210705A1 (en) * 2003-01-21 2005-09-29 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US9955748B2 (en) 2003-01-21 2018-05-01 Nike, Inc. Footwear with separable upper and sole structure
US20080189984A1 (en) * 2004-06-10 2008-08-14 Reebok International Ltd. Convertible Sandal
US8104196B2 (en) * 2006-07-12 2012-01-31 David Paolo Spinelli Shoe with detachable sole and vamp
US20090313851A1 (en) * 2006-07-12 2009-12-24 David Paolo Spinelli Shoe with detachable sole and vamp
EP2759220A1 (en) * 2013-01-29 2014-07-30 Achten Beheer B.V. Shoe assembly
WO2014117963A1 (en) * 2013-01-29 2014-08-07 Achten Beheer B.V. M.E.A.F. Achten Shoe assembly

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