US2176325A - Fluid impelling means - Google Patents

Fluid impelling means Download PDF

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Publication number
US2176325A
US2176325A US157274A US15727437A US2176325A US 2176325 A US2176325 A US 2176325A US 157274 A US157274 A US 157274A US 15727437 A US15727437 A US 15727437A US 2176325 A US2176325 A US 2176325A
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Prior art keywords
impeller
air
vanes
vane
rotation
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Expired - Lifetime
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US157274A
Inventor
Walter H Bretzlaff
Charles P Grimes
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Walter H Bretzlaff
Charles P Grimes
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Priority to US157274A priority Critical patent/US2176325A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/26Rotors specially for elastic fluids
    • F04D29/32Rotors specially for elastic fluids for axial flow pumps
    • F04D29/325Rotors specially for elastic fluids for axial flow pumps for axial flow fans
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D25/00Pumping installations or systems
    • F04D25/16Combinations of two or more pumps Producing two or more separate gas flows
    • F04D25/166Combinations of two or more pumps Producing two or more separate gas flows using fans
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S416/00Fluid reaction surfaces, i.e. impellers
    • Y10S416/03Sheet metal

Description

Oct? 17, 1939- w. H. BRETZLAFF ET AL 2,176,325
FLUID IMPELLING MEANS Filed Aug, 4, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENT W0/76/ H 5/62 BY fiar/ea 35/722766 A34 ew; A TORNEY FLUID IMPELLING MEANS Filed Aug. 4, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Oct. 17, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT .OFFICE P. Grimes, Syracuse, N. Y.
Application August 4, 1937, Serial No. 157,274
7 Claims.
Our invention relates to fluid moving means, and more especially to an air moving means for simultaneously moving an air stream in a multiplicity of directions.
5 The invention embraces in a single element a means of simultaneously producing a fluid stream which is non-directional in character.
It is a further object of our invention to provide a fluid impeller of the disc or propeller type norl mally adapted for producing an air stream in one general direction, the impeller having means formed on the impeller vanes for diverting part of the air stream in another direction.
Another object of our invention is to provide an 3Y7 impeller so formed as to project air from different pressure zones of the impeller in different directions for use under different: conditions of velocity and pressure.
Still another object of our invention is to provide in one unit or assembly a disc or propeller type fan in combination with a centrifugal type fan.
Further objects and advantages are within the scope of this invention such as relate to the-arr; rangement, operation and function of the related elements of the structure, to various details of construction and to combinations of parts, elements per se, and to economies of manufacture and numerous other features as will be apparent 30 from a consideration of the specification and drawings of a form of the invention, which may be preferred, in which:
Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view showing the fluid moving means of our invention as in- 35 corporated in a heat transfer unit;
Figure 2 is a front elevational view of the heat transfer unit incorporating our invention;
Figure 3 is a front elevational view of the fluid moving means;
40 Figure 4 is a detail sectional view showing one of the vanes or blades of the fluid moving means, a section being taken substantially on the line 4-4 of Figure 3; I Figure 5' is a detail sectional view takensub- 45 stantially on the line 5-5 of Figure 3;
Figure 6 is a detail sectional view taken substantially on the line 6--6 of Figure 3;
Figure 7 is a fragmentary detail sectional view taken substantially on the line 11 of Figure 3.
50 While we have shown the fluid moving means of our invention as incorporated in a heater or heat transfer unit, it is to be understood that we contemplate its utilization-in any place where a fluid moving means may have utility.
5 Referring to the drawings in detail, and particularly Figures 1 and 2, there is illustrated a heat transfer unit particularly adapted for heating the interior of a vehicle body and numeral l0 illustrates a dash board of a vehicle which forms a support for the heater although any suitable 5 supporting means may be utilized. The heater construction consists of a core structure I2 preferably made up of curved or semi-annular water passages formed by a plurality of spaced walls It and between the water passages the walls form ducts or openings I5 through which air or other fluid may pass for absorbing heat to heat the interior of the vehicle. The core structure is inclusive of segmental or sector-shaped headers or tanks l6 and I1 preferably diametrically pcsitioned, the headers being respectively connected to a fluid or liquid supply by means of inlet and outlet pipes l8 and I9. In a vehicle installation, the pipes I 8 and I9 are connected into the cooling system employed for cooling the internal 5 combustion engine or prime mover of the vehicle. The core is provided with a central opening lined with a member which forms a means of supporting a motor 22, the latter driving the fluid impelling means of our invention, which will hereinafter be described in further detail. The motor is preferably supported by resilient shock absorbing devices 21 which as illustrated are annular in form and fabricated of cork, rubber, or the like to damp out vibrations which may result from rotation of the motor and air impeller 25. The motor 22 isheld against longitudinal movement by means of a spring clip 29 having ears 29' which extend in openings in the member 20. The core I2 is surrounded by a sheet metal shroud 30 having an inwardly extending flange portion 3| which contacts with a band 28 encircling the core and thus positions the latter.
Secured to the shroud 30 is an annular band 33 which surrounds and is secured to the band 23 and forms a support for the latter, the band 33 having an annular raised portion 34 which is secured to an annular extension 35 of the shroud 30 by means of screws 36 or other suitable securing means. ly and inwardly extending annularportion 31, the inner edge of which defines an opening adjacent the air moving means. Also secured to the shroud 30 by means of screws 36 is an annular member!!! which has an inwardly projecting portion 4| terminating in front of the tips of the vanes of the air moving means 25. The inner edge of portion 4| defines acircular opening to permit the passage of air forwardly of the heater. The extension 31 of band 33 together The annular band 33 has a forwardwith the member 40 forms an annular collecting chamber 43 which may have one or more outlets preferably tangentially arranged for a purpose to be hereinafter explained, two of such outlets be- A ing shown at 44 and 45.
The air impelling means per se is preferably multi-vaned as shown in Figures 2 and 3, there being eight shown in the form illustrated in the drawings, although any number may be employed. The vanes are preferably formed from a single sheet of metal in the center of which is positioned a hub 46, the latter having a reduced portion 4! fitting into the opening in the impeller 25, after'which the portion 48 of the hub may be swaged as illustrated in Figure 4 to secure the impeller and hub together. In
order to strengthen or increase the rigidity of the impeller structure, a plurality of radial ribs 49 and an annularrib 50 maybe formed out of the propeller blank which not only aids in maintaining the propeller in the proper plane of rotation, but also lends strength to the vanes to resist torque.
Each vane of the impeller is of special construction wherein the body portion of the vane is slightly concave as shown in Figure 5. This portion of the impeller blade is formed to about a 19 pitch which has been found to be a desirable and eflicient angular pitch for an impeller of approximately eight inches in diameter. Each vane of the impeller is provided on the trailing edge adjacent the tip with a special configuration for conveying or diverting a portion of the air stream in a generally radial and tangential direction. The fan vane or blade formation for accomplishing this purpose consists of an integrally formed projection 58 which in section is of a configuration, as illustrated in Figure 7, with the trailing edge of this part of the vane arranged preferably at about a 25 angle to the radial axis of the vane as illustrated in Figure 3. It is also to be noted that where the projection 58 joins tangentially with the body 55 of the impeller vane, as shown in Figure '7, We have found in an eight inch impeller, a radius of five-eighths inch to behighly efficient. We have found that the projection functions efiiciently to give a very high radial and tangential air fiow value when the projection is located with respect to the axis of rotation of the vanes so as to take advantage of a high velocity portion of the vane. This eflicient high velocity area, particularly adaptable for creating a radial and tangential air stream in the form of our invention illustrated, occurs at a point from twothirds to three-fourths of the radial length of a vane from its axis of rotation.'
With impeller arrangement above described, we are able to produce a fluid stream in a direction generally axially of the propeller and of relatively low velocity, this air stream being produced by the body or disc portions 55 of the vanes, while the projections.58 take air from the high velocity area of the vanes and-due to the particular configuration, produce an air stream radially and tangentially, thus setting up a pressure in the plenum chamber 43 shown in Figure 1, the pressure set up in this chamber being utilized for other purposes as, for example, defrosting wind shields, conveying heated vair to remote locations, etc. Thus, by our arrangement of air impeller, there is provided in a single unitary rotor a means for producing a fluid flow generally axially of the fan or impeller as well as radially and tangentially thereof.
In the particular arrangement, the pressure of the radially projected air fiow is increased by the restriction to the flow of air set up by the core l2 through which the air passes under the influence of the impeller 25 and we have found that irrespective of whether the impeller is utilized with a heating structure or another arrangement, the impeller operates at its highest efiiciency when there is a certain predetermined partial restriction to the flow of the air on the side adjacent the leading edges of the impeller vanes. In the embodiment illustrated, the heater core supplies this partial predetermined restriction, but restrictions of the character of filters or the like may be used if desired. The combination of our improved air impeller in such a unitis more fully disclosed and also claimed in our copending patent application Serial No. 157,275 filed August 4, 1937.
It is to be understood that the dimensions for particular parts of the impeller structure of our invention herein given are illustrative of a desirable size which we have found to operate efficiently in conjunction with a heat transfer unit, but that we do not limit our invention to the dimensions and angular relationships herein specified, but wish to point out that the dimensions and vane pitch may be modified especially with different sized impellers and with varying degrees of efficiency without departing from the spirit of the invention.
It is apparent that within the scope of the invention, modifications and different arrangements may be made other than is herein disclosed, and the present disclosure is illustrative merely, the invention comprehending all variations thereof. r
What we claim is:
1. An air impeller for producing an air stream of variant velocities comprising a hub; a multivaned impeller member carried by the hub, each vane having a pitch for creating an air flow of low velocity generally axially of the rotation of said hub into the impeller, said vanes having enlarged integrally formed projections-adjacent the outer extremities of said vanes, said projections having a pitch of diiferent angularity than that of the vanes producing the axial air stream, said projections being curved about an axis angularly arranged with respect to the normal longitudinal axis of the vane, inclining to the plane of rotation at an angle of substantially ten degrees and adapted when said impeller is rotated to divert a portion of the air flow produced by the vanes in a substantially radial and tangential direction.
2. A composite air impeller for drawing air through an air flow restriction and delivering a broadly diverging air stream comprising, a supporting member, a plurality of vanes extending outwardly from said member in a plane of rotation, each of said vanes being turned at a predetermined angle of pitch with reference to said plane of rotation, each of said vanes having a tip curved ahead on the trailing edge, the axis of curvature of each vane tip being angularly tipped ahead in the direction of rotation with reference to the axis of each vane, and the axis of curvature of each of said tips being inclined to intersect the plane of rotation at a point more remote from the axis of rotation for moving a portion of the air stream at a higher velocity radially and broadly diverging air stream comprising, a sup-' porting member, a plurality of vanes extending outwardly from said member in a plane of rotation, the overall diameter of the air impeller thus formed being between seven and twelve inches, each of said vanes being turned at a predetermined angle of pitch with reference to said plane ofrotation, each of said vanes having a tip curved ahead on the trailing edge, the axis of curvature of each vane tip being angularly tipped ahead in the direction of rotation and the radius of curvature of each curved vane tip being between four eighths of an inch and six eighths of an inch.
4. A composite vair impeller for drawing air through an air flow restriction and delivering a broad diverging air stream comprising, a central supporting member, a plurality of vanes extending outwardly from said member to an overall diameter of between seven and fourteen inches,
said vanes being turned uniformly to a suitable angle of pitch for drawing air substantially axially onto the vanes as the central member is rotated, a tip curved ahead on the trailing edge of the high velocity-portion of each vane, and the axis of curvature of each vane tip inclining angularly ahead in the direction of rotation to intersect a plane passing through the axis of rotation and the longitudinal axis of its vane at a point more remote from the center of rotation and said axis of curvature making an angle with said plane of between 15 and 30 degrees.
5. The combination set forth in claim 4 in which the axis of curvature of each curved vane tip intersects the plane of rotation at an angle of between 5 and 20 degrees.
6. The combination set forth in claim 4 in which the radius of curvature of each curved vane tip is between half an inch and one inch.
7. An air moving means comprising a rotatable hub; a multi-vaned impeller carried by said hub, the vanes of said impeller each having a leading edge and a trailing edge, the body of each vane being pitched to create during rotation an air flow generally axially of the impeller; said vanes each having an integrally projecting curved portion extending from the trailing edge thereof, the curved portion having a radius of curvature generated about an axis angularly disposed with respect to the longitudinal axis of the vane, and said radius of curvature being less than one third that of the radius of curvature of the main portion of the blade, said curved portion being arranged on each 7 vane adjacent a high velocity portion thereof and said curved portions being arranged to project a portion of the air stream in a tangential and radial direction with a greater resultant velocity than the peripheral speed of the tip of the blade combination.
- WALTER H. BREIZLAFF.
CHARLES P. GRIMES.
US157274A 1937-08-04 1937-08-04 Fluid impelling means Expired - Lifetime US2176325A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2873908A (en) * 1955-02-21 1959-02-17 Gen Electric Fan arrangement for domestic appliances
US2929549A (en) * 1954-10-25 1960-03-22 Torrington Mfg Co Blower wheel and method of making
US2976352A (en) * 1957-11-14 1961-03-21 Torrington Mfg Co Blower unit
US3074489A (en) * 1959-11-23 1963-01-22 Oster Mfg Co John Variable pitch fan for small motors
US3301472A (en) * 1965-01-14 1967-01-31 American Radiator & Standard Blower
EP0295711A1 (en) * 1987-06-18 1988-12-21 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Blower
US5205711A (en) * 1992-02-28 1993-04-27 Unifire Power Blower, Inc. Hand-portable fire fighting positive pressure blower
US5685695A (en) * 1995-01-19 1997-11-11 Bosch-Siemens Hausgeraete Gmbh Fan wheel and method for manufacturing the same
US20040228728A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-11-18 Yi-Lung Kuo Fan for cooling a computer
US20070122287A1 (en) * 2005-11-29 2007-05-31 Pennington Donald R Fan blade assembly
US20150369546A1 (en) * 2013-02-12 2015-12-24 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Outdoor cooling unit for vehicular air conditioning apparatus

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2929549A (en) * 1954-10-25 1960-03-22 Torrington Mfg Co Blower wheel and method of making
US2873908A (en) * 1955-02-21 1959-02-17 Gen Electric Fan arrangement for domestic appliances
US2976352A (en) * 1957-11-14 1961-03-21 Torrington Mfg Co Blower unit
US3074489A (en) * 1959-11-23 1963-01-22 Oster Mfg Co John Variable pitch fan for small motors
US3301472A (en) * 1965-01-14 1967-01-31 American Radiator & Standard Blower
EP0295711A1 (en) * 1987-06-18 1988-12-21 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Blower
US5205711A (en) * 1992-02-28 1993-04-27 Unifire Power Blower, Inc. Hand-portable fire fighting positive pressure blower
US5873164A (en) * 1995-01-19 1999-02-23 Bsh Bosh Und Siemens Hausgeraete Gmbh Method for manufacturing a fan wheel
US5685695A (en) * 1995-01-19 1997-11-11 Bosch-Siemens Hausgeraete Gmbh Fan wheel and method for manufacturing the same
US20040228728A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-11-18 Yi-Lung Kuo Fan for cooling a computer
US7004726B2 (en) * 2003-03-20 2006-02-28 Shuttle, Inc. Fan for cooling a computer
US20070122287A1 (en) * 2005-11-29 2007-05-31 Pennington Donald R Fan blade assembly
US20150369546A1 (en) * 2013-02-12 2015-12-24 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Outdoor cooling unit for vehicular air conditioning apparatus
US9784507B2 (en) * 2013-02-12 2017-10-10 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Outdoor cooling unit for vehicular air conditioning apparatus

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