US2176145A - Cash register - Google PatentsCash register Download PDF
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- US2176145A US2176145A US714955A US71495534A US2176145A US 2176145 A US2176145 A US 2176145A US 714955 A US714955 A US 714955A US 71495534 A US71495534 A US 71495534A US 2176145 A US2176145 A US 2176145A
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- G06—COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
- G06C—DIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY
- G06C11/00—Output mechanism
- G06C11/08—Output mechanism with punching mechanism
Oct. 17, 1939.
G. NELSON CASH REGISTER Filed March 10, 1934 a Sheets--Shet 1 Gunnar Nelson His W Oct. 17, 1939. NELSON 2,176,145
CASH REGISTER Filed March 10, 1954 8 Sheeis-Sheet 2 swam 01 Gunnar Nelson @1410: neg
G. NELSON CASH REGISTER Oct. 17, 1939.
Filed March 10, 1934 8 Sheets-Sheet 3 IM 'IIIIIlIIlI/J 7/ ISnvent'or Gunnar Nelson His (Ittorneg G. NELSON CASH REGISTER Oct. 17, 1939.
Filed March 10, 1934 8 Sheets-Sheet 4 lnnentor Gunnar Nelsor.
His attorneg r ax swim 4Q L 8N #WN 3w E a All N mam mmw G. NELSON CASH REGISTER Oct. 17, 1939.
Filed March 10, 1934 8 Sheets-Sheet 5 BEE-H.
\Q (8 NM Gunnar Nelson By (Ittorneg Oct. 17, 1939. NELSON 2,176,145
CASH REGISTER Filed March 10, 1934 8 Sheets-Sheet 6 ZSnventor Gunnar Nelson BYWM attorney D Oct. 17, 1939. G. NELS'ON 2,176,145
CASH REGISTER Filed March 10, 1934 8 Sheets-Sheet 'r ZQT H W FIG. 9
nnentor Gunnar Nelson w adas.
Hi: (Ittorneg Oct. 17, 1939. NELSQN 2,176,145
CASH REGISTER Filed March 10, 1934 8 Sheets-Sheet 8 V5 LEDGER .1' AMOUNT 332 DATE 016;
O J 1 l- 11 2 2 2 30000000000 0000 0000000 0000000 0 000 000 000 0033 00 633 as 333 30a 3 33 a 333 33 3 a 3 3393 as a a 33 a a3 6666 36603 0444444444444444444444444444444444444444-47744 855555505565555555555056555555555555555056850 126 6 66 6 6 6 8 906 s s a S 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 99 6 6 9 6 9 9 6 6 6 9 6 612 1:6 9 12 s 4 :r a 7 a 0101112131416161110102421262324252627102630 l 8t$SS H|ifl8B394 4 44 4445- FIG. 11
.1 0'10 LEDGER AMOUNT 041-1: '5 0$; 1 1 1 6'- 2 02 00o00000000oo0o0o00000o00000000033300000 00 40.: 1 1 1 101 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1044 1 1 11 B 6 8 8 6 8 8 88 a 6 8 6 6 a 6 6 a 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 6 8 s 6 8 8 6 6 8 8 8 11 11 6 6 126 6 6 6 s 8 6 6 9 6 9 9 9 0 9 6 9 6 6 6 6 9 1 9 6 6 8 6 9 6 9 6 6 9 69 s 6 9 6 12126 6 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 91011 I213 |5|G|71818 2021222524252527282530132333435363735? 404142434445 3110entor Gunnar Nelson His Cittorneg Patented Oct. 17, 1939;
@A'EENT OFFEQE Gunner Eh-lo, a corporation off Metatarsal Application 123 it This invention relates cash like, but more particularly to the adarp of a card perforating device to a register the type illustrated and described in Patent of the United States No. l,'"t5l,i5-iifi, issu June 3!), 19th to B. M. Shipley, and tics. 13311883 and Lttidl ii, issued respectivelr reaction is to adapt d perforating device for use on the type oi cash registers discloses in the patents referred to above.
Another object is to provide means to disablecard feeding mechanism during the prelirninary cycle of machine operation.
Another object is to devise means to disable the mechanism that presents record cards to the feeding means during the first cycle of a two cycle machine operation.
Still another object is to provide means to reenable the presenting means during the second cycle of a two cycle machine operation.
Another object is to contrive means to record the kind of operation being performed.
A further object is to supply means to make a record of total taking operations, this record also revealing in which totalizer line the transaction took place.
With these and incidental objects in view, the invention consists of certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts, the essential elements of" which are set forth in appended claims and a preferred form of embodiment of which is hereinafter described with reference to the drawings whichaccompany and form part of this specification.
Of said drawings:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation as observed from the righthand side of the machine, depicting the 40 cycle control mechanism.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken through the machine just to the right of an amount bank showing in particular an amount bank and its associated differential mechanism.
Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the total control lever showing in detail the mechanism for selecting the record perforating punches for said total control lever.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken just to the right of the perforating mechanism, picturing the mechanism for feeding the record card to the perforating mechanism and the mechanism for controlling the feeding mechanism during total taking operations.
Fig. 5 is a detail view of the train of gears for im. itfsiti ii driving the record card feeding and ejecting mechanism.
Fig. 6 is a sectional view of the perforating mechanism showing in particular the mechanism for operating and controlling perforating mechanism.
Fig. 7 is a detail View showing the method of mounting the perforating punclfres.
8 is a view observed from the :iront of the machine showing the perforating mach anisrn together with its selecting and ccntrollmg n'zechanism.
Fig, 9 is a top plan view of the mechanism for selectively controlling the perforating mechanism.
Fig. it is a facsimile of a record card used. in the machine of the instant invention and illustrates a record made during typical adding operation.
Fig. ii is another facsimile a ledger card 2 o used in the machine of this invention and illus-' trates a record made during a typical totaltaking operation.
GENERAL Dnscarsrrcn Speaking in general terms the instant invention consists of a perforating device which is incorporated in a standard type of cash register and which in no way interferes with the regular functioning of said cash register.
A reservoir or supply compartment is provided for the reception of a plurality of a standard type of ledger or record cards and in each machine operation one of said cards is automatically conveyed from the reservoir to the feeding rolls and then to the perforating mechanism where the various data set up on the ma-' chine keyboard is punched in the proper columns on said data card. After this the card is conveyed by the feeding rolls to ejector rolls which in turn deposit the card in a suitable receptacle.
In adding and subtracting operations the ma.- chine operates through one cycle of movement, and in total taking operations it operates through 4 two cycles of movement. In order to prevent two cards being fed through the perforating mechanism in total taking operations, mechanism has been devised to disable the mechanism that convys the card from the reservoir to the feeding rolls during the first cycle of said total taking operation.
The record cards have a plurality of vertical columns designated by the proper titles, such as Amount, Ledger number, Date, etc. Each 001- 55 umn has one or more rows of figures representing the numerical value and the position of the perforating punches. There is also a column on the ledger card for recording the type of operation (adding, reading or resetting) performed by the machine. The mechanism for recording the type of operation is controlled by the shifting of the total control lever which selects a perforating punch representative of the type of operation being performed, and in totalizing operations the punch selected is also representative of the particular totalizer in which the computation is taking place.
The punches for perforating the data set up on the keyboard of the machine are selected by projections formed on reciprocating racks, which racks are controlled in their movement, along with the usual printing wheels (not shown), by the differential mechanism of the machine.
After the card is fed into the perforating mechanism the entire perforating assembly is moved upwardly, the perforating punches being moved upwardly by contacting the record card. The punches over which the projections on the racks have been positioned are stopped in their upward movement by said projections and thereby forced through the card, which is backed up by a die plate having a plurality of holes in alinement with and arranged to receive the lower ends of the perforating punches. Downward movement of the perforating assembly strips the punches from the card and said card is then automatically deposited in the receiving well.
The instant invention provides the numerous advantages of a perforating mechanism in a machine of moderate cost and furnishes a means whereby a merchant may, over a period of time accurately check the amount and number of sales made by individual clerks, the number and size of articles sold, the department in which the transaction took place, and the type of transaction, for example, Cash sale, Charge sale, Received-on-account, Balances, etc.
These ledger or record cards may be analyzed at any time desired without danger of the mistakes incidental to hand-posting by running said cards through a standard card controlled tabulating machine.
The mechanism pertinent to the instant invention will now be described in detail.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION The instant invention is embodied in the type of cash register illustrated and described in the patents referred to at the beginning of this specification. As machines of this character are well known in the art the mechanism thereof having no direct bearing on the instant invention, will be but briefly described.
Machine frame work and operating mechanism Calling attention to Figs. 1 and 2, the mechanism of the machine proper is supported by main frames 30 and 31 and various other intermediate frames, cross-frames and braces. The main frames 3!) and 3| are in turn secured to a machine base 32. The machine proper is enclosed in a suitable cabinet 28 (Fig. 1) secured to the machine base 32, while the perforating mechanism is enclosed in a case 29 (Fig. 6) which also surrounds the drawer mechanism and forms a pedestal for the machine proper.
The machine is operated by the usual electric motor (not shown) which is operatively conamazes nected to a main drive shaft 33 by a clutch mechanism, (also not shown).
Depressing the usual starting bar releases a key lock shaft 34 (Fig. 1) for a slight clockwise movement under influence of a spring 35. This movement of the shaft 34 engages the clutch mechanism and closes the electrical circuit to the motor, thereby causing the machine to operate. Near the end of machine operation the shaft 34 is rocked counterclockwise by mechanism later to be described, to release the depressed keys and to disengage the clutch memanism and simultaneously break the electrical circuit to the motor by opening the motor switch.
The machine may also be operated by means of a hand crank 36 (Fig. 1) which is connected to a pinion 31 journaled on a hub secured in the right machine frame 30. The pinion 31 meshes with a gear 38 turnably mounted on a stud 40 secured in the right frame 30. The gear 38 meshes with a gear 4| secured to the main drive shaft 33. Depressing the starting bar releases theshaft 33 for rotation. The machine may then be operated by means of the hand crank 36 and its associated mechanism.
As the operating and releasing mechanisms used in the machine of this invention are of conventional design they have not been illustrated herein and it is therefore thought unnecessary to further describe these mechanisms. However, reference may be had to the Shipley Patent No. 1,761,542 issued June 3, 1930 for a full disclosure of this mechanism.
Cycle controlling mechanism In adding operations it is necessary for the shaft 33 (Fig. 1) to make one complete clockwise revolution and in total taking operations it is necessary for this shaft to make two complete clockwise revolutions. The mechanism that controls the cycle of operation of this shaft is well shown in Figs. 1 and 3 and will now be described.
Secured on the righthand end of the key lock shaft 34 is an arm 42 carrying a stud 43 which extends through a slot in a link 44, the lower end of which is bifurcated to embrace a stud 45 in a pitman 46 having a slot which embraces the stud 40. The lower end of the pitman 46 is pivotally connected to an arm 41 loosely mounted on a stud 48 secured in the frame 30. A forward extension of the arm 41 is pivotally connected by a link 49 to an arm 50 secured on the right-hand end of a zero stop lever throwout shaft 51 journaled in the frames 30 and 31.
The link 44 has a stepped opening 52 which cooperates with a stud 53 in an arm 54 loose on the stud 48. The arm 54 carries a roller 55 which cooperates with a raceway 56 in the gear 38. The raceway 56 has diametrically opposed camming irregularities which cooperate with the roller 55 near the end of each cycle of movement to rock the arm 54 first clockwise and then back to normal position. In Fig. 1 the cycle controlling mechanism is shown in adding or normal position. Releasing the machine for an adding operation by depressing the starting bar releases the shaft 34 to the action of the spring 35 which rocks said shaft clockwise until the projection on the arm 42 engages a stop stud 51 secured in the right frame 30. This as previously explained engages the motor clutch and closes the motor switch.
It will be recalled that in adding operations the shalt 33 makes one complete revolution clockwise, which by means of the gear 4! rotates the gear 38 one-half revolution counterclockwise. when the gear 38 has been rotated nearly onehalf revolution one of the diametrically opposed irregularities in the cam race 56 rocks the arm 54 first clockwise. This movement of the arm 54 due to the fact that the stud 53 engages the upper step in the opening 52 on the link 44 imparts full downward movement to said link 44 to restore the key lock shaft 34 counterclockwise which disengages the motor clutch and opens the motor switch. The arm 54 is then returned counterclockwise to the position here shown. Counter-clockwise restoring movement of the shaft 34 also releases all the depressed keys and likewise restores the starting bar to normal position.
In total taking operations it is necessary that the main drive shaft 33 make two complete clockwise revolutions and the gear 38 one complete counterclockwise revolution. This is accom plished in the following manner:
in Fig. 3 a total control lever 553 is shown in adding position. Shifting the total control lever 58 in either direction away from adding position causes a slot 59 therein in cooperation with a stud in an arm to rock said arm Ell a slight distance counterclockwise on its pivot ill. The arm 50 by means of a slot 62 formed by the edgesof arm to and the edge of an arm till, in coopera tion with a stud in an arm 55% secured on the zero stop lever throwout shaft it, rocks said arm and shaft a slight distance clockwise (see also Fig. l) This slight clockwise movement of the shaft 5% by means of the arm 5d, the link 39 and the arm ill imparts a slight forward move-- ment to the pitrrian it, which by means oi the stud d5 shifts the link M clockwise to disengage the stud 53 from the upper step in the opening 52 and to aline the intermediate step in said opening 52 with said stud The pitman till carries a roller 35 which normally engages a notch in a raceway 51 of the cam to hold said cam stationary during adding operations. pitrnan 66, caused by moving the total control lever away from adding position disengages the roller 5t from the notch and moves it into the raceway El of the cam 39. Forward movement of the pitman lfi also couples the cam 39 to the gear 38 in the well known manner.
When the machine is released for operation the gear 38 and the cam 39 revolve counterclock- Wise in unison, the raceway 57 cooperating with the stud SS in the pitman 46 gives added forward movement to the pltman 46 to move the link 64 so that the longest portion of the opening 52 is in alinement with the stud 53. Consequently when the first irregular portion of the raceway 56 in the gear 38 rocks the arm 54 as explained above; the stud 53 moves idly in the opening 52 without restoring the key lock shaft 34 thereby allowing the machine to operate through another cycle of movement.
Near the end of the second cycle of movement the cam 39 returns the pitman 46 and the link 44 to a, position where the intermediate step 55 of the opening 52 is alined with the stud 53 in the arm 54. Movement of the arm 54 as explained above causes the stud 53 to engage the step 55 to rock the arm 42 and the shaft 34 a suflicient distance counterclockwise to disengage the motor clutch mechanism, restore the starting bar and release the depressed transaction keys.
It will be noted that the key lock shaft 34 re- The forward movement of the ceives less counterclockwise restoring movement in total taking operations than in adding operations. The additional movement for adding operations is necessary in order to release the depressed amount keys.
The foregoing description of the cycle controlling mechanism ls deemed sufilcient for the purpose of this invention. However, if a further description of this mechanism is desired reference may be had to the patents referred to hereinbeiore.
Amount keys and differential mechanism The machine of this invention has a plurality of banks 68 (Fig. 2) of amount keys 69 and as the machine illustrated is arranged for English currency the two lower denominational amount banks have eleven keys and all the other amount banks have nine keys. As all the amount banks and their associated differential mechanisms are similar it is thought that the description of one such unit will be sufficient.
Calling attention to Fig. 2, the amount banks Eli are removahly supported on rode it! and ll extending between and supported by the frames 38 and iii. Pivots-xi. on the lower end of each amount bank is a zero stop lever l2 having a right angled projection arranged to cooperate with the forward end or" a reset spider l3 piv oted on a hub id of an amount diilerential ac tuator l5 loosely mounted on a hub iii extending between two differential support plates l'l car-- ried by a pair of rods l8 extending between the frames and The spider "l3 has in its for-- ward end a slot through which extends a stud HQ in a differential latch arm 53d pivoted to the actuator 35.
Mounted for parallel movement by means of the arm till end a similar arm ill is a differential latch 82, a root shaped projection of which is arranged to cooperate with a depression in a driving segment 83 pivoted on the hub 96 and connected by a link 84 to a cam lever 95 journaled on a stud 86 secured in one of the plates ll. The lever 55 carries a pair of rollers 86 which cooperate with the periphery of companion cams ill and 88 secured on the main drive shaft 33.
In adding operations the shaft 33 makes one complete revolution clockwise, which by means of the lever and the link 84 rocks the driving segment 83 first in a. clockwise direction and then back to normal position.
As previously stated there is a differential actuator unit like that explained above for each amount bank and each differential unit is supported between two of the plates '51. The coinplete assembly of differential units are held together by means of a rod 89 extending through the hubs I6.
If no key is depressed in an amount b ank the zero stop lever '12 engages the forward end of the reset spider 13 to rock the latch arm 80 counterclockwi e to move the differential latch 82 forwardly thereby disengaging the foot of said latch from the depression in the driving segment 83 and engaging a nose 90 of said latch with one of a series of notches 9| in a plate 92 secured to the plate 11. This stops the differential actuator I5 in zero position by disengaging said latch from the driving segment 83.
A concentric portion of the segment 83 in cooperation with the latch 82 maintains the nose of said latch in engagement with the plate 92 while said segment completes its initial movement 75 clockwise and during the greater part of the return movement of said segment until the depression therein is opposite the foot of the latch 82. When the depression is opposite the foot of the latch 82 a flat surface of the segment 83 engages a stud 93 in the actuator I and returns said actuator to its home position thereby disengaging the reset spider I3 from the zero stop lever 12 and allowing a spring 94 to disengage the nose 90 of the latch 82 from the notch in the plate 92 and to reengage the foot of said latch with the depres sion in the driving segment 83.
Depressing one of the keys 69 in an amount bank forces the lower end of the stem thereof into the path of the latch arm 80. Consequently initial movement clockwise of the segment 83 and the actuator 15 causes said arm 80 to engage the stem of said key to disengage the foot of the latch 82 from the segment 83 in exactly the same manner as explained above. In its return movement the segment 83 engages the stud 93 to return the actuator I5 and disengage the latch 82, as explained above.
It is probably well to state here that depression of an amount key rocks the zero stop lever 12 counterclockwise out of the path of the spider 13 thereby allowing the actuator unit to travel clockwise until stopped by the depressed amount key.
Totalizers and transaction keys The machine of this invention has three lines of interspersed totalizers, a front line 95, (Fig. 2) a rear line 96, and an upper line 91. Each totalizer line has a plurality of sets of totalizer wheels 98, the teeth of which cooperate respectively with three sets of teeth on the differential actuators 15.
In adding operations the different totalizers on a line are selected and alined with the actuators under control of the transaction keys, therebeing a bank of transaction keys for each total-izer line. In total taking operations the desired totalizer line is selected for engagement with the actuators by positioning the total control lever and the different sets of totalizer wheels on the selected line are selected and alined with the actuators under control of the transaction keys as in adding operations.
In adding operations the wheels of the selected totalizer are engaged with the actuators I5 immediately after the actuators have been positioned by the depressed amount keys. Return movement of the actuators revolves the totalizer wheels commensurate with the value of the depressed amount keys.
In the first cycle of a total taking operation the zero stop levers I2 (Fig. 2) break or stop all the amount differential latches in zero position. This is to allow time for the selected set of totalizer wheels to be alined with the actuators. At the beginning of the second cycle of a total taking operation the selected totalizer is engaged with the actuators 15 and the zero stop levers 12 are rocked out of the path of the spiders I3. Clockwise movement of the actuators I5 revolves the wheels of the engaged totalizer in a reverse direction until they are stopped in zero positions by means of a long tooth on each wheel. This positions the actuators commensurate with the amount on the totalizer wheels and return movement counterclockwise of the actuators in turn positions the recording and indicating mechanisms in accordance with the amount on said totalizer wheels.
Recorder and indicator positioning mechanisms The manner in which the punch selecting. printing and the indicating mechanisms are positioned by means of the actuator 15 will now be described:
Again directing attention to Fig. 2, pivoted on the actuator 15 is a beam 99 bifurcated to embrace a stud I00 in a link IOI, the upper end of which is pivoted to an indicator segment I02 loose on an indicator tube line I03. The lower end of the link MI is pivoted to an arm I04 loose on a tube line I06 and connected by one of the tubes I05 to a segment I01. The segment I01 has two sets of teeth, the upper set of which is adapted to position the printer wheels, and a lower set I08 which is adapted to mesh with teeth in a perforator selecting rack I09 (Fig. 6) to position said rack commensurate with the position of the actuator 15 in a manner later to be described.
Immediately after the actuator I5 has been positioned by the depressed amount key or by the long tooth of the totalizer wheel 98, as explained above. and before said actuator starts its return movement counterclockwise a roller IIO on the cam lever 85 engages an arcuate surface III of the beam 99 and forces said beam upwardly until an annular surface II2 thereof engages the periphery of the hub I4. This causes the beam 99 by means of the link IM to position the indicator segment I02 and the segment I01 in accordance with the position of the actuator 15. Return movement counterclockwise of the actuator 15 removes the annular surface H2 from engagement with the hub I74 but does not disturb the position of the link IOI, the indicator segment I02 or the segment I01. Consequently the indicators. punch selectors, and the printing wheels remain positioned at the end of machine operaiion.
A liner H3 (Fig. 2) cooperates with the teeth of the segment 102 to aline said segment in set position. At the beginning of the machine operation the liner H3 is disengaged from the teeth of the segment I02 and is reengaged therewith immediately after the segment has been positioned as described above.
The usual transfer mechanism is employed for transferring amounts from lower to higher denominations.
Card perforating mechanism The machine illustrated is provided with mechanism to perforate amounts and other data on record cards, said amounts and data corresponding to the keys depressed and said machine is also arranged to perforate the results of total taking operations on said record cards. In a total taking operation a record is also perforated of the totalizer in which the transaction took place and whether the totalizer was read or reset.
In order to prevent two cards being fed through the perforating mechanism during total taking operations, mechanism has been devised to disable the card feeding mechanism during the first cycle of a totalizing operation. Movement of the total control lever away from adding position renders this disabling mechanism effective. In the following explanation the perforating mechanism will be treated in detail.
Support of perf rating mechanism The perforating mechanism is supported by two side frames H4 and H5 (Figs. 6 and 8) connected by cross bars II6, II! and H8 and a plate I I9. The perforating mechanism assembly rests on a cabinet base I20 and is connected to the machine proper by two bolts I2I, secured in the bars H6 and I I1 and extending through a cabinet top I22 and the machine base 32.
Rack mechanism racks I09 (Figs, 6, 8 and 9) are supported between the plates H4 and H for horizontal reciprocating movement by means of slots in said racks which embrace a rod I24 extending between said plates H4 and H5 and by means of a cross bar I25 extending between the plates H4 and H5 having therein a plurality of slots adapted to receive the forward ends of the amount racks I09. The differential movement of the amount racks 4 I 09 is transferred to auxiliary punch selector racks I26 in the following manner:
The rack I09 has thereon a plurality of teeth which cooperate with a pinion I21 secured on a pinion shaft I28, opposite ends of which are journaled in the plates H4 and M5. Another pinion I22 secured on the shaft I28 (Fig. 9) meshes with teeth on the auxiliary rack I25. Consequently any diiferential movement imparted to the rack I 09 is transmitted to the rack I26 by the pinion shaft I29.
It should be borne in mind that what applies to this one denominational unit applies to all the other denominational units and the row of transaction keys and the clerks keys as well.
The rack I26 (Fig. 6) has a downwardly extending projection I29 adapted to cooperate with the perforator punches I23 in a manner later to be described. The perforating punches I23 fit loosely in openings in an upper guide plate I36, an intermediate guide plate I3I and a lower guide plate I 32. The intermediate plate I3I and the lower plate I32 are secured in fixed relation to a die plate I33 having therein a plurality of openings corresponding to the punches I23 and adapted to receive the lower ends of said punches. The plates I3I, I32 and I33 (Figsfi and 8) are secured to a vertically slidable frame I 33 composed of two side rails I35 connected by end plates I36 and I31. The ends plates I36 and I31 have secured thereto blocks I38 adapted to slide vertically in slots in plates I39 secured respectively to the frames H4 and H5. The plate I30 is fixedly supported by the plates I39.
Calling attention to Figs. 6 and '7, the punches I23 are retained in position in the plates I 30 and I 3I by means of wires I40 which fit loosely in relieved portions of adjacent punches I23, (note particularly Fig. '7). There are two wires I40 for each two rows of punches, said wires being retained in place on the top surfaces of the plates I30 and I3I by means of clamps MI and I42 secured respectively to the plate I30 and bars minimum amount of effort and without removing the perforating assembly from the machine.
The plates I32 and I33 are spaced a slight distance apart to receive one of threcdrd cards shown in Figs. and 11, which is fed therebetween by means of mechanism iater to be described, and which is positioned in relation to the perforating punches I23 by mechanism also to be described later. After this the perforating die assembly is moved upwardly byrmechanism now to be described to perforate the record card commensurate with the depressed amount keys in adding operations, and in total taking operations the card is perforated in accordance with the amount standing on the totalizer read or reset.
After the card has been perforated the die frame I34 (Fig. 6) is returned downwardly to its normal position as here shown.
The mechanism for accomplishing the above result will now be described. I
The end plates I36 and I31 (Figs. 6 and 8) each carry a roller I44 embraced by the bifurcated ends of arms I45 and I46 secured on a shaft I41 journaled in the frames H4 and H5. The arm I45 has a Y-shaped rearward extension carrying a pair of rollers I48 which cooperate with companion cams I49 and I50 secured on an operating shaft I5I opposite ends of which are journaled in the frames H4 and H5.
By referring to Fig. 4 it will be seen that the shaft I5I has secured thereon a gear I 52 operatively connected by intermediate gears I53 and I5 3 to a driving gear I55 secured on the main drive shaft 33. The intermediate gear I53 is secured on a shaft I56 turnably mounted in the frames H4 and'II5 and the intermediate gear I54 is secured on a short shaft I51 journaled in a bushing supported by the frame H3.
As the intermediate gears I53 and I54 are the same size, that is, have the same number of teeth, and the gears I52 and I55 also have an equal number of teeth, movement of the shafts 33 and I5I is synchronized and when the shaft 33 makes one complete clockwise revolution the shaft I5I is given one complete revolution in a counterclockwise direction. This counterclockwise revolution of the shaft I5I (Fig. 6) by means of the companion cams I49 and I50 in cooperation with the arm I45 oscillates the shaft I41 first .clockwise and then back to normal position to move the perforating die frame I34 first upwardly to perforate the record card insertedbetween the plates I32 and I33 in a manner presently to be described, after which said frame is returned downwardly to norma'fposition as here shown.
Difierentiai positioning of the punch selecting rack iary rack I26 places the projection I29 directly over the perforating punch I23 corresponding to the depressed amount key in adding operations or corresponding to the amount on the totalizer wheel being read or reset in total taking operations.
As the perforating frame I34, which includes the plates I3I, I32 and I33 is moved upwardly the record card, which as previously stated, has been inserted between the plates I32 and I33, is moved into contact with the lower ends of the perforating punches I23 and carries said punches upwardly with the frame I34 until the upper end of the selected punch I23 is moved into contact with the projection I29 of the auxiliary rack I26. This blocks the movement of the perforating punch, and as the perforating frame I34 continues to travel upwardly said punch is forced 'through the record card to make a perforation therein commensurate with the depressed amount key or the position of the totalizer wheel as shown in section 295 of Figs. 10 and 11 respectively.' Opposite the projection I29 on the rack I26 is a raised surface which cooperates with the lower surface of the plate II9 to back up the rack I26 during perforation.
What has been said about the amountperforating mechanism applies equally as well to the clerks symbol perforating mechanism and the transaction perforating mechanism as the auxiliary punch selecting racks for the clerks keys and the transaction keys are differentially positioned in exactly the same manner as the amount auxiliary rack I26. (See Clerks" and Transactions columns of the record cards shown in Figs. 10 and 11.)
Total control lever perforating mechanism Means under control of the total control lever is provided for recording what type of operation, add, read or reset, is being performed by the machine and in which totalizer line the reading or resetting operation is taking place. This mechanism is clearly shown in Figs. 3 and 9 and will now be described.
The total control lever 58 (Fig. 3), which is turnably supported by a stud I60 secured in the end plates of the total control assembly, is pivotally connected by a link I6I to an arm I62 secured on the shaft I05. Secured on the lefthand end of the shaft I05 is a segment I63 (see also Fig. 8), having teeth which mesh with similar teeth in a rack I64, slidably supported by the rod I24 and bar I25 in exactly the same manner as the amount rack I09. The rack I64 has in its bottom edge teeth which cooperate with the teeth of a pinion I65 (see also Fig. 9) connected by a sleeve I61 to a similar pinion I66. The pinions I65 and I66 and the sleeve I61 are rotatably supported on a'pinion shaft I68 opposite ends of which are journaled in the frames H4 and H5. The pinion I66 meshes with the teeth of an auxiliary rack I69 slidably supported by the rod I24 and the bar I25 in exactly the same manner as the auxiliary amount racks I26. The auxiliary rack I69 has a downwardly extending projection I10 which cooperates with a series of perforating punches I1I (Fig. 3) which may be" selected to make a record of the type of operation being performed. Punches I1I are supported by the plates I30, I3I and I32 in exactly the same manner as the amount perforating punches I23 (see Figs. 6 and '1).
By referring to Fig. 8 it will be seen that.adjacent the punches I1I there is a row of auxiliary punches I 12. The punches I12 are merely for the purpose of retaining the wire I40 (see Figs. 6 and '1) in position and have no bearing whatever or connection with the auxiliary rack I69. There is also an extra row of punches I13 in the amount and transaction groups and an extra row of punches I14 in the date group of perforating punches. These two rows of punches are for the same purpose as the punches I12, that is, to retain the wires I40 in position.
In Fig. 3 the total control lever 58 is shown in adding position, in which position the link I6I by means of the arm I62, the shaft I05 and the segment I63 positions the rack I64 and the auxiliary rack I69 where the projection I10 is directly over the middle punch in the group of seven punches III. Operation of the machine causes the selected perforating punch I1I to be forced through the record card, position 5, column 296, Fig. 10, to record the type of operation being performed. In addition to the adding position, the total control lever 58 has three positions above adding position for selecting the three totalizer lines for reading operations and three positions below adding position for selecting the three totalizer lines for resetting operations.
Moving the total control lever 58 clockwise to select one of the totalizer lines for a. reading operation by means of the link I6I rocks the arm I62, the shaft I05 and the segment I53 counter clockwise to move the racks I64 and I69 rearwardly to vertically aline the projection I10 with the punch I1I corresponding to the position of the total control lever.
In a like manner, moving the total control lever 58 counterclockwise to one of its resetting positions moves the rack I69 forwardly so that the projection I10 is positioned opposite the upper end of the punch I1I corresponding to the reset position of said total control lever 58. Operation of the machine then causes the selected punch to be forced through the record card, position 6 column 296 Fig. 11, to record the type of operation, in this case reset, and the totalizer line in which the transaction took place, A shoulder I16 of the rack I69 (Fig. 3) cooperates with the lower surface of the plate II1 to assist said rack I69 in receiving the thrust imparted thereto when the punch I1I is forced through the record card.
Ledger number and date perforating mechanism Means are also provided for perforating a rec rd of the ledger or card number and the date in the respective columns on the record card. The ledger number and the date are set up by means of settable racks which may. be manually positioned to the desired number or date. This mechanism-is pictured in Figs. 6, 8 and 9, and will now be described.
slidably mounted by means of the rod I24 and the bar I25 is a month rack I11 and two day racks I18 having upwardly extending finger pieces I19 which protrude through graduated apertures in a cover plate I58. The racks I11 and I18 have teeth which mesh with three identical pinions I80 connected by hubs I8I to pinions I82 which cooperate with an auxiliary month rack I83 and two day racks I84. The hub and pinion assembly for the month rack I11 is loosely supported by the shaft I68 and the hub and pinion assembly for the units of days rack I18 is revolvably supported by the shaft I28 while the pinion assembly for the tens of days rack I18 is turnably mounted on a shaft I85 opposite ends of which are journaled in the plates H4 and H5.
The auxiliary date racks I83 and I84 have downwardly extending projections I86 which cooperate with a. series of date perforating punches I81 (Fig. 8) in exactly the same manner as explained for the amount perforating mechanism.
Extending between the frames I I4 and I I (Fig.
6) is a rod I94 loosely supporting a series of retaining pawls I95 having rounded noses I99 which are retained in engagement with'a series of notches in the racks I11 and I18 by springs I91. The pawls I95 cooperatingwith the notches in the racks I11 and I18 retain said racks in set positions.
Located on the lefthand side of the perforating unit is a plurality of manually settable racks I90 which are operatively connected to a series of auxiliary ledger number racks I9I by means of pinion and shaft assemblies in a similar manner to the date racks just explained. The ledger number racks I90 are retained in positions in exactly the same manner as the date racks I11 and I10. The auxiliary ledger number racks I9I have projections I92 which cooperate with the upper ends of ledger number perforating punches I93 in the same manner as described for the amount group of perforating punches.
Moving the date racks I11 and I18 (Figs. 6, 8 and 9) and the ledger number rack I90 to the desired date and ledger number, positions the auxiliary racks I83, I89 and I9I correspondingly. This positions the downwardly extending projections I89 and I9? of the auxiliary date and ledger number rack over the proper perforating punches to record the date and ledger number in their respective columns on the record card (Figs. 10 and ii).
Record card feeding mechanism Blank cards I59 to be run through the perforating mechanism are stored in a reservoir or supply compartment I90 (Figs. 4 and 9) composed of a box-like structure supported between the frames H0 and H5. A weight I99 is placed on top the stack of cards I59 to retain them in the reservoir and to maintain the bottom card in contact with the card picker mechanism that removes said bottom card from the reservoir and presents it to the feeding rolls. A block 200 secured to a plate 205 supported by the frames H9 and I I5 cooperates with the lower edge of an adjustable blade 202 to form a variable aperture which may be adjusted to allow only one card at a time to pass to the feeding rolls.
Reciprocably mounted on the plate 20i is a cardpicker slide 209 having secured thereto a bracket 200 a downward projection of which extends through a slot in the plate 20B. The bracket 209 carries a stud 209 embraced by the upper bifurcated end of an arm 206 secured on a shaft.
201, opposite ends of which are journaled in the frames H9 and IIS. Secured on the righthand end of the shaft 201 is an arm 200 to which is pivoted the forward end of a link 209 the rearward end of which is supported in a slot in a bracket 2I0 secured to the right perforator frame H4.
The rearward end of the link 209 has therein a T-shaped slot 2H which cooperates with a stud 2I2 in one arm of a yoke 2I3 loose on a stud 2I I secured in the frame H4. The yoke 2I3 has another arm 2I5 carrying rollers 2IB and 2I1 which cooperate respectively with the peripheries of companion plate cams 2! and 2I9 secured on the shaft I5I. The link 209 is connected by another link 220 to a lever 22I (see also Fig. 1) which fulcrums on a stud 222 secured in the frame II4. The upper end of the lever 22I is bifurcated to receive a stud 223 in a link 224 the rearward end of which is loosely connected to an arm 225 secured on a drawer release shaft 226' 32. The forward end of the link 224 is pivoted to one arm of a bell crank221 secured on a shaft 228 opposite ends of which are journaled in the main frames 30 and 3I. The bell crank 221 is connected by a link 229 to an arm 230 secured to the zero stop lever throwout shaft 5|.
Calling attention to Fig. 3, when in adding position, the total control lever 58, by means of the lever 60 and arm 64 positions the shaft 5I, as here shown. This by means of the arm 230, link 229 (Figs. 1 and 4), bell crank 221, link 224, lever HI and link 220 positions the link 209 as shown in Fig. 4, so that the upper portion of the T slot 2 engages the stud 2I2 caried by the yoke 2I3.
Releasing the machine for an adding operation, in which it will be recalled the shaft I5I makes one complete counterclockwise revolution, causes the companion cams 2I8 and 2I9 in cooperation with the rollers 2IB and 2" to rock the yoke 2I3 first counterclockwise and then back'to normal position. This by means of the link 209, arm 208, shaft 201 and arm 208 moves the slide 203 first in a rearwardly direction and then back to normal position as here shown.
Adjustably mounted on the forward edge of the slide 203 is a bar 23H the top edge of which extends above the top surface of the cardpicker slide 203 a little less than the thickness of one oi the record cards. The weight I99 maintains the bottom record card in contact with the top sur face of the slide 203. Consequently when said slide makes its initial movement rearwardly the bar 23H engages and slides the bottom card E59 from beneath the stack and moves the forward edge thereof through the aperture formed by the block 200 and the blade 202 and into engagement with a pair of feeding rolls 232 and 233.
It will be recalled that in total taking operations, both read and reset, it is necessary for the main drive shaft 33 to make two complete clockwise revolutions and consequently the shaft i5I is also revolved two complete counterclockwise revolutions. In order to prevent the slide 293 from receiving two excursions of movement in a total taking operation and consequently presenting two cards to the feeding means, it is necessary to disable the movement of said slide 293 during the first revolution of the shaft I5I This is accomplished in the following manner:
Shifting the total control lever 59 (Fig. 3) in either direction away from adding position, by means of the slot 59 and the arm 60, rocks the arm 60 and the zero stop lever throwout shaft 5I. a slight distance clockwise. This by means of the train of mechanism shown in Figs. 1, 3 and 4, rocks the link 209 upwardly to aline the horizontal portion of the T slot 2!! with the stud 2I2. Consequently when the yoke 2I3 is oscillated back and forth during the first cycle of a total taking operation the stud 2I2 moves idly in the horizontal portion of the T slot 2I I-.
During the second or last cycle of a total taking operation the mechanism shown in Fig. 1 gives added clockwise movement to the zero stop lever throwout shaft 5i as explained near the beginning of this specification. This additional clockwise movement of the zero stop lever throwout shaft 5| rocks the link 209 (Fig. 4) upwardly to engage the lower portion of the T slot 2I I with the stud 2I,2. This operatively connects the yoke 2I3 to the link 209 and consequently during the last cycle of a total taking operation the slide 203 will be oscillated back and forth to present one of the record cards to the feeding means.
Secured in the link 209 (Fig. 4) is a stud 285 dill arranged to pass through notches 286 in the slot in the bracket 2I0 when the link 209 is in either of its effective positions in which it is operatively connected to the driving yoke 2I3. When the link 289 is in its intermediate or ineffective position the stud 285, due to the fact that it is not alined with either of the notches 286 blocks movement of the link 209 in case the stud 2I2 nibbles on either of the abrupt edges of the slot 2I I.
In addition to the feed rolls 232 and 233 there are two sets of feed rolls composed of pairs of rolls 234, 235, 236 and 231 and one set of ejector rolls 230 and 239 (Figs. 4 and 8). The pairs of feed rolls 234 and 236 are secured respectively on shafts 240 and 24I opposite'ends of which are journaled in the frames II4-and II5. The'pairs 01 rolls 235 and 231 are pivoted respectively on pairs of arms 242 and 243. The two pairs of arms 242 and 243 are in turn pivoted on upturned extensions of brackets 244 and 245 secured to the plate I32. The rollers 234, 235, 236 and 231 extend through suitable openings in the plates I32 and I33 and form contact with each other in the opening between said plates I32 and I33.
The feed rolls 232 and 233 are secured respectively to shafts 246 and 241 and the ejector rolls 238 and 239 are secured on shafts 248 and 249. The shafts 246 and 248 are journaled in the frames H4 and H5 and opposite ends of the shaft 249 are supported in vertical slots in said frames H4 and H5. The shaft 241 is mounted for slight vertical movement by means of a pair of slotted hangers 268 (Fig. 6) one of which is secured to the frame H4 and the other to the frame I I5..
The feed and ejector rolls are driven in the following manner: Secured on the shaft I56 (Fig. 4) is a gear 250 operatively connected by a train of gears 25., 252, 253, 254 and 255 to a pinion 256 secured on one end of the ejector roll shaft 248. Secured on the other end of the shaft 248 is a pinion 251 (Fig. 5) meshing with an idler gear 258 which drives a gear 259 secured on the feed roll shaft 24!. The gear 259 is connected by an intermed'ate gear 260 to a gear 26I secured on the feed roll shaft 240 and an idler pinion 262 connects the gear- 26I to a gear 263 secured on the righthand end of the feed roll shaft 246. The gears 258 and 269 (Fig. 5) and the pinion 262 are rotatably supporled by studs 264, 265 and 266 secured in the frame H4.
Attention is called to the fact that the gears 252 and 253 (Fig. 4) are secured together as also are the pinion 254 and the gear 255.
By referring to Fig. 4 it will be recalled that the main drive shaft 33 by means of the gear I55 and the intermediate gear I54 drives the gear shaft 246 (Fig. 4) is geared to and drives the shaft 241 in a counterclockwise direction by means of a-pair of gears 261.
The upper feed roll 233 (Fig. 6) is pressed into engagement with the lower feed roll 232 by means of a pair of compression springs 269 located at opposte ends ofthe shaft 241. The pressure be tween the rolls 232 and 233 may be varied by means of set screws 290 cooperating with the springs 269. The upper pressure rollers 235 and 231 (Fig. 4) are urged into engagement with the feed rolls 234 and 236 by means of springs 210, the upperends of which are attached to the arms 242 and 243. The ejector pressure roll 239 (Figs. 4 and 6) is maintained in contact with the lower ejector feed roll 238 by means of a pair of hooks 21I which are hooked over opposite ends of the shaft 249 and urged downwardly by means of springs 212.
To repeat in part a statement made earlier herein, near the beginning of machine operations the slide 203 (Figs. 4 and 6) advances the bottom card in the reservoir or supply compartment I98 to the feed rolls 232 and -233 which feed the card between the plates I32 and I33 and into engagement with the feed rolls 234 and 235. These rolls carry the card onward into engagement with the rolls 236 and 231 which in cooperation with said rolls 234 and 235 moves the rearwardly disposed edge of the card into engagement with a pair of locating bars 213 the upper ends of which have previously been moved upward to obstruct the opening between the plates I32 and I33. This alines the record card longitudinally with the perforating punches I23 and immediately thereafter the slidable frame I34 starts its upward travel which discngages the rolls 235 and 231 from the feed rolls 234 and 236 said rolls 235 and 231 continuing to exert downward pressure on the record card to hold it in place during perforation thereof. Upon return movement downwardly of the frame I34 the bottom surface of the record card is brought into contact with the feed rolls 234 and 236 and as the locating bars 213 no longer obstruct the opening between the plates I32 and I33 the card is advanced to the ejector rolls 238 and 239 which pick the card up and deposit it in a receiving well 281. A plate 288 deflects the ejected cards downwardly to cause them to stack properly in the receiving well.
Directing attention to Figs. 4 and 8 secured on the shaft I5I is a, plate cam 214 the periphery of which is arranged to cooperate with a roller 215 carried by a pitman 216 the rearward end of which is shaped to fit an annular groove in a hub 211 of the cam 214. The forward end of the pitman 216 is pivoted to an arm 218 of a yoke 219 rotatably supported by the shaft I41. The lower ends of the record card locating bars 213 are pivoted respectively to arms 230 and 28I of the yoke 219. The bars 213 extend upwardly through recesses in the bar I35 (see also Fig. 6) and into recesses in the die plate I33. A spring 282 tensioned between the yoke 219 and the pitman 216 urges said yoke counterclockwise and the pitman forwardly to maintain the roller 215 in contact with the periphery of the cam 21.4.
Soon after the machine starts to operate, the cam 214, in cooperation with the roller 215, moves the pitman 216 rearwardly to rock the yoke 219 clockwise. This moves the locating bars 213 upwardly causing the upper ends thereof to pass through the opening between the plates I32 and I33 and into apertures in the plate I32. Immediately after the card is perforated and prior to its ejection the cam 214 in cooperation with the spring 282 returns the pitman 216 and the yoke 219 to their home positions as shown in Fig. 4 to remove the obstructing upper end of the bar 213 from the opening between the plates I32 and I33. Immediately after this the record card is ejected as explained herein before.
Removably supported by a cross member of the cabinet base I20 (Fig. 6) is a receptacle 289 located directly below the perforating die plate I33.
This receptacle provides a convenient means of disposing of the punchings from the record cards.
It is thought unnecessary to enter into a lengthy explanation of machine operation as an understanding of the manner in which the instant machine is used may be obtained by perusing the foregoing description. It probably however will not be amiss to again state that the ledger or record card illustrated in Fig. 10 is the result of an adding operation, while the card depicted in Fig. 11 is the result of a resetting operation.
While the forms of mechanisms herein shown and described are admirably adapted to fulfill the objects primarily stated, it is to be understood that it is not intended to confine the invention to the forms of embodiment herein disclosed, for it is susceptible of embodiment in various forms all coming within the scope of the claims which follow.
1. In a cash register capable of one and twocycle operations, the combination of a card supply compartment; a constantly operated feeding mechanism for record cards; means arranged to make one excursion each machine operation to remove a record card from the supply compartment and present it to the feeding mechanism; constantly operated driving means for the removing and presenting means; and means to disengage the removing and presenting means from the driving means during the first cycle of a two-cycle machine operation and to reengage the removing and presenting means with the driving means during the second cycle of a two-cycle machine operation,
2. In a cash register capable of one and twocycle operations, the combination of a supply compartment for record cards; means to feed record cards; picker means to remove the record cards from the supply compartment and present them to the feeding means; means to drive the picker means; means connecting the driving means to the picker means; and means to give the connecting means one increment of movement to disconnect the driving means from the picker means during the first cycle of a twocycle operation, said means also adapted to give the connecting means another increment of movement to reconnect the driving means to the picker means in the second cycle of a two-cycle machine operation.
3. In a-machine of the class described, capable of different types of operation, the combination of a supply compartment for record cards; means to feed record cards; means to remove record cards from the supply compartment andpresent them to the feeding means; driving means for the removing and presenting means; means to connect the driving means to the removing and presenting means; manual means to give the connecting means one increment of movement during certain machine operations to disconnect the driving means from the removing and presenting means; and automaticmeans operable during said certain machine operations to give the connecting means another increment of movement to reconnect the driving means to the removing and presenting means.
4. In a cash register adapted to operate through one cycle of movement in adding operations and through two cycles of movement in total taking operations, the combination of a control lever to condition the machine for adding and total taking operations; cycle control means to cause the machine to operate through two cycles when the control lever is moved away from adding position; a supply compartment for the record cards; means to feed record cards; means to remove the record cards from the supply compartment and advance them to the feeding means; driving means for the removing and advancing means; an element connecting the driving means to the removing and advancing means; means operated by the control lever when moved away from adding position to impart one increment of movement to the element to disconnect the removing and advancing means from the driving means, said last-named means adapted to be operated by the cycle control means to give another increment of movement to the element to reconnect the removing and advancing means to the driving means.
5. In a machine of the class described, the combination of means to feed record cards; means to advance the record cards to the feeding means; driving mechanism for the advancing means; a shiftable element normally connecting the driving means and the advancing means; means to shift the element a slight distance to disconnect the driving means from the advancing means, and means to actuate the last-named means to impart additional shifting movement to the element to reconnect the driving means to the advancing means.
6. In a machine of the class described having a cycle control mechanism to cause the machine to perform one or two cycle operations and a control member to set the cycle control mechanism to selectively cause the machine to operate through one or two cycles, the combination of a supply magazine for record cards, means to feed record cards, a .card picker for removing a card from the magazine and advancing it to the feeding means, means to drive the card picker, an element connecting the picker with the driving means, means controlled by control member when set for two cycle operations to disconnect the element from the driving means, and means controlled by the cycle control mechanism to cause the last mentioned means to connect the element to the driving means in the second cycle of operation.
7. In a machine of the class described having a cycle control mechanism to cause the machine to operate through one cycle in adding operations and to operate through two cycles in total taking operations, a manually operable member to set the cycle control mechanism to selectively cause the machine to perform, adding or total taking operations, and a recording mechanism actuated during each cycle of operation of the machine, the combination of a card supply magazine, means to transfer record cards from the supply -magazine to the recording mechanism, means controlled by the member when moved to cause total taking operations to disable the transferring means to thereby render the recording mechanism ineffective, and means whereby the cycle control mechanism operates the last named means to enable the transferring means during the second cycle of operation of the machine, whereby the recording means can make records on the card during said second cycle of operation of the machine.
8. In a machine of the class described having a cycle control mechanism to cause the machine to perform one or two cycle operations, a manipulative member to condition the cycle control mechanism to selectively cause one or two cycle operations, means to make a record on a card, and means to feed the record cards to the record" ing means, the combination of to remove cards from a supply compartment and advance them to the feeding means, means controlled by said manipulative member when moved to condition the cycle control mechanism for a two cycle operation to render the card removing and advancing means inefiective to prevent feeding of a card to the recording means during the first cycle, and means whereby the cycle control mechanism controls the last named means to render the removing and advancing means efiective to cause a card to be presented to the feeding means in the second cycle of operation.
9. In a machine of the class described, having means to make records on record cards, and means to feed the cards to the recording means, said recording means and feeding means being operable during every cycle of movement of the machine, the combination of a manipulative device to condition the machine for oneor twocycle operations, picker means operable to make one excursion during each machine operation to remove a record card from a supply compartment and to present said record card to the feeding means, drive means for the picker means, said driving means being operable through one or two cycles of movement depending on the type of machine operation, means normally con necting the picker means to the driving means during one-cycle operations of said machine, means actuated by the manipulative device to disengage the connecting means from the driving means during the first cycle of a two-cycle machine operation, and means to actuate the lastnamed means to reengage the connecting means with the driving means during the second cycle of a two-cycle operation.
10. In a machine of the class described arranged to perform single and plural cycle operations having a manually settable mechanism to selectively condition the machine for single or plural cycle operations, a supply magazine for record cards, means for making records on said cards, and feeding means for feeding cards to the recording means, said feeding means and recording means being operable during each cycle of operation of the machine, the combination of means for removing cards from said magazine and presenting them to the feeding means, and means controlled by the manually settable conditioning means when set for a plural cycle operation for disabling said removing and presenting means during the first cycle of a plural cycle operation to prevent a record from being made during this cycle of operation, said last mentioned means being automatically operated to render said removing and presenting means eifective atthe end of the first cycle of the plural cycle operation to enable the recording means to make a record on the card subsequent to this cycle of operation.
11. In a machine of the class described capable of performing single and plural cycle operations, having a manually settable means to selectively condition the machine for single or plural cycle operations, a supply magazine for record cards, recording mechanism, and means to feed record cards to the recording mechanism, said recording mechanism and feeding means being actuated during each cycle of operation of the machine, the combination of a card picker for removing a card from the supply magazine and presenting it to the card feeding means, driving means for said card picker, and coupling means controlled by said conditioning means when set for a plural cycle operation for disconnecting the picker from the driving means during the first cycle of a plural cycle operation, said coupling means being further automatically operated to connect said picker to the driving means for operation thereby during the second cycle of the plural cycle operation.
12. In a cash register operable to perform one or two cycle operations, having recording mechanism for recording data on record cards; a supply compartment for record cards; and constantly driven feed rollers for feeding record cards to the recording means; the combination of a reciprocable picker mechanism for removing cards from the supply compartment and advancing them to the feed rollers; drive means for said picker mechanism; means to couple said picker mechanism to its drive means for positive reciprocation thereby; means operable to selectively condition the cash register for one or two cycle operations, said conditioning means moving the coupling means to disconnect the picker from its driving means before a two cycle operation begins; and means operable during the two cycle operation to automatically move the coupling means to connect the picker mechanism to its drive during the second cycle of the two cycle operation whereby the recording means is rendered ineifective during the first cycle and effective during the second cycle of a two cycle operation.
13. In a cash register operable through one and two cycle machine operations and having means to initiate cyclic operation of the machine; movable means to selectively condition the machine for one or two cycles of operation; recording mechanism for recording data on record cards, said recording mechanism being operable in each machine cycle; a supply magazine for record cards; and constantly operating means to feed record cards to the recording mechanism; the combination of picker means to withdraw cards from the supply magazine and to deliver them to the feeding means; operating means for the picker means; means to connect the picker means to its operating means; said conditioning means when moved to control a two cycle operation being operable to move the connecting means to disconnect the picker from its drive before the initiating means has started a cyclic operation of the machine, to thereby render the recording means ineffective during the first cycle; and means for moving the connecting means during the cyclic operation of the machine whereby the picker is connected to its drive during the second cycle so that a card is fed to the recording means to render it effective during this cycle.
14. In a cash register operable to perform oneor two-cycle operations, the combination of a supply compartment for record cards; constantly driven feed rollers for feeding record cards; a reciprocable picker mechanism for removing cards from the supply compartment; drive means for said picker mechanism; means to couple said picker mechanism to its drive means for positive reciprocation thereby; means operable to selectively condition the cash register for oneor twocycle operations, said conditioning means mov ing the coupling means to disconnect the picker from its driving means before a two-cycle operation begins; and means operable during the twocyqle operation to automatically move the coupling means to connect the picker mechanism to its drive during the second cycle of the two-cycle operation whereby the recording means is rendered ineffective during the first cycle and effective during the second cycle of a two-cycle operation.
15. In a cash register operable through oneand two-cycle machine operations and having means to initiate cyclic operation of the machine, the combination of movable means toselectively condition the machine for one or two cycles of operation; a supply magazine for record cards; picker means to withdraw cards from the supply magazine; operating means for the picker means; means to connect the picker means to its operat ing means; said conditioning means when moved to control a two-cycle operation being operable to move the connecting means to disconnect the picker from its drive before the initiating means has started a cyclic operation of the machine,
to thereby render the-picker means inefiective during the first cycle; and means for moving the connecting means during the cyclic operation of the machine whereby the picker is connected to its drive during the second cycle so that a card is fed from the supply magazine during this cycle. 7
16. In a machine of the class described which is operable to perform several types of machine operations, said machine including recording mechanism to make records on cards, the combination of means to feed record cards to the recording mechanism; means to advance the record cards to the feeding means; a manipulative device to condition the machine for one of said several types of machine operations; means operated by the manipulative device to disable the advancing means during a part of said one of the several types of machine operations; and automatic means to enable the advancing means during another part of said one of the several types of machine operations.
17. In a machine of the class described capable of operating through one or two cycles of movement, said machine including recording mechanism to make records on record material, the combination of means to feed the record material to the recording mechanism; means to advance the record material to the feeding means; means to positively reciprocate the advancing means, said reciprocating means normally coupled to the advancing means; and means to 1111- v couple the advancing means from its reciprocating means during the first cycle of a two-cycle operation.
18. In a machine of the class described adapted to perform oneor two-cycle operations and including recording mechanism to make records on record material, the combination of means operable during every cycle of operation of the machine for feeding the record material to the recording means; means to advance the record material to the feeding means; and manually operable means to condition the machine for a two-cycle operation and to simultaneously disable the advancing means during the first cycle of a two-cycle operation to thereby prevent feeding of record material to the recording means during the first cycle of a two-cycle operation.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US714955A US2176145A (en)||1934-03-10||1934-03-10||Cash register|
Applications Claiming Priority (3)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|FR785288D FR785288A (en)||1934-03-10|
|US714955A US2176145A (en)||1934-03-10||1934-03-10||Cash register|
|GB2618034A GB445535A (en)||1934-03-10||1934-09-12||Improvements in or relating to cash registers, accounting machines and similar machines|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US2176145A true US2176145A (en)||1939-10-17|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US714955A Expired - Lifetime US2176145A (en)||1934-03-10||1934-03-10||Cash register|
Country Status (3)
|US (1)||US2176145A (en)|
|FR (1)||FR785288A (en)|
|GB (1)||GB445535A (en)|
Cited By (4)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US2545636A (en) *||1941-06-24||1951-03-20||Underwood Corp||Printing and punching means for accounting machines|
|US2987247A (en) *||1957-10-23||1961-06-06||Svenska Dataregister Ab||Means for continuous delivery of data from cash registers, accounting and like machines|
|US3051079A (en) *||1960-06-07||1962-08-28||Nat Automation Corp||Tabulating card perforating apparatus|
|DE1145401B (en) *||1959-04-21||1963-03-14||Svenska Dataregister Ab||Cash register with tape hole device|
Cited By (4)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US2545636A (en) *||1941-06-24||1951-03-20||Underwood Corp||Printing and punching means for accounting machines|
|US2987247A (en) *||1957-10-23||1961-06-06||Svenska Dataregister Ab||Means for continuous delivery of data from cash registers, accounting and like machines|
|DE1145401B (en) *||1959-04-21||1963-03-14||Svenska Dataregister Ab||Cash register with tape hole device|
|US3051079A (en) *||1960-06-07||1962-08-28||Nat Automation Corp||Tabulating card perforating apparatus|
Also Published As
|Publication number||Publication date|
|US2168763A (en)||Record controlled machine with improved serial number controls|
|US1834561A (en)||Accounting machine and punching mechanism controlled thereby|
|US2002437A (en)||Mechanical method of preparing statements, bills, and the like|
|US2176145A (en)||Cash register|
|US2342529A (en)||Calculating machine|
|US2102700A (en)||Calculating machine of the ten|
|US2240549A (en)||Card punching machine|
|US2339321A (en)||Adding and listing machine|
|US2241269A (en)||Interlocking mechanism|
|US2431714A (en)||Selective printing and punching machine|
|US2305000A (en)||Accounting machine|
|US2172749A (en)||Computing and like machine|
|US2025764A (en)||Record card controlled machine|
|US2636435A (en)||Mechanism to control the printing|
|US1966584A (en)||Calculating machine|
|US2229731A (en)||Cash register and the like machine|
|US2308144A (en)||Accounting machine|
|US1998281A (en)||Record card-controlled business machine|
|US2084831A (en)||Calculating machine|
|US1814009A (en)||Cash register|
|US2340372A (en)||Calculating machine|
|US2059252A (en)||Tabulating machine|