US2173576A - Rebounding striker construction for firearms - Google Patents

Rebounding striker construction for firearms Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2173576A
US2173576A US220921A US22092138A US2173576A US 2173576 A US2173576 A US 2173576A US 220921 A US220921 A US 220921A US 22092138 A US22092138 A US 22092138A US 2173576 A US2173576 A US 2173576A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
striker
bolt
spring
sear
collar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US220921A
Inventor
Nicholas L Brewer
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Savage Arms Corp
Original Assignee
Savage Arms Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US173358A priority Critical patent/US2223092A/en
Application filed by Savage Arms Corp filed Critical Savage Arms Corp
Priority to US220921A priority patent/US2173576A/en
Priority to US221094A priority patent/US2230372A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2173576A publication Critical patent/US2173576A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A15/00Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun
    • F41A15/12Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun for bolt-action guns
    • F41A15/14Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun for bolt-action guns the ejector being mounted on or within the bolt; Extractors per se
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A15/00Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun
    • F41A15/12Cartridge extractors, i.e. devices for pulling cartridges or cartridge cases at least partially out of the cartridge chamber; Cartridge ejectors, i.e. devices for throwing the extracted cartridges or cartridge cases free of the gun for bolt-action guns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A19/00Firing or trigger mechanisms; Cocking mechanisms
    • F41A19/06Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms
    • F41A19/25Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins
    • F41A19/27Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block
    • F41A19/29Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block propelled by a spring under tension
    • F41A19/30Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block propelled by a spring under tension in bolt-action guns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A19/00Firing or trigger mechanisms; Cocking mechanisms
    • F41A19/06Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms
    • F41A19/25Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins
    • F41A19/27Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block
    • F41A19/29Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block propelled by a spring under tension
    • F41A19/30Mechanical firing mechanisms, e.g. counterrecoil firing, recoil actuated firing mechanisms having only slidably-mounted striker elements, i.e. percussion or firing pins the percussion or firing pin being movable relative to the breech-block propelled by a spring under tension in bolt-action guns
    • F41A19/31Sear arrangements therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A3/00Breech mechanisms, e.g. locks
    • F41A3/12Bolt action, i.e. the main breech opening movement being parallel to the barrel axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A9/00Feeding or loading of ammunition; Magazines; Guiding means for the extracting of cartridges
    • F41A9/53Charged-condition indicators, i.e. indicating the presence of a cartridge in the cartridge chamber

Description

Sept 19, 3939. 'N. L. BREWER I REBOUNDING STRIKER CONSTRUCTION FOR FIREARMS Original Filed Nov. 8, 1937 2 Sfneets-Sheet l INVENTOR NICHOLAS L. BREWER ATTORNEYS Sept, 19, 193 9,
REBOUNDING STRIKER CONSTRUCTION FOR FIREARMS Original Filed Nov. 8, 1937 N. L. BREWER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fig- INVENTOR NICHOLAS LBREWER ATTORNEYS Patented Sept. 19, 1939 UNHED STAT/S NT GFFECE REBOUNDING STRIKER CONSTRUCTION FOR FIREARMS Original application November 8, 1937, Serial No. 173,358. Divided and thisapplication July 23, 1938; Serial No. 220,921
4 Claims.
This application is'a division of an'application filed by me November 8, 1937 in the United States Patent Ofiice as Serial No. 173,358.
This invention relates to rifles and more especially to the reboundingstriker or hammer construction therein that will be used more particularly with single shot, handcocked rifles of the bolt action type.
The general purpose of my present invention le -is to provide a new and improved form of rifle and especially to provide a new and improved form of rebounding striker or hammer construction wherein one spring serves as both the main spring and the rebound spring, and to provide lfi new and improved construction and combination of the parts of said construction tending to compactness 'of parts and efiiciency in operation.
Further purposes and advantages of the invention will appear from the specification and %claims herein,
Fig. l is a right-hand side elevation of the material portion of a bolt action rifle illustrating my present invention, the adjacent part of the stock being in vertical section, the parts being in the position they occupy when the breech member is closed but the rifle not cocked.
Fig. 2'is a side view of the parts shown in Fig. 1, omitting the stock, but with the breech member closed and with the rifle cocked.
Fig. 3 is a rear end elevation of the combination barrel and receiver.
Fig. 4 is a vertical sectional view on an enlarged scale of the striker and its contained parts and of the rear half of the breech bolt and show- 35-" ing in side elevation a part of the firing pin near its rear end and the rear end of the sear, the parts being in the position they occupy when the striker is in rebounded or neutral position and when the said parts are seen from the left-hand side of Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 but with the parts in the position they occupy when the rifle is cooked.
Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 4 but with the parts in the position they occupy when the rifle has been fired but prior to the rebound of the striker.
Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view on line i'l of 0 Fig. 4 and showing the rear end of the firing pin and so its relative angular position in the chamber of the breech bolt directly in line with the striker 3|.
Figs. 8, 9 and 10 are respectively top or plan,
right side elevation and bottom views of the striker when the breech block is in locked position.
Referring to the drawings in a more particular description it will be seen that the rifle illustrated is of the bolt action, single shot, handloaded and hand-cocked type and includes one men'iber 25 being a combined or integrally formed barrel 26 and receiver 21 mounted above the stock 28, a breech bolt 29 reciprocatingly mounted in the chamber 30 of the receiver with said breech bolt in turn having mounted therein a striker 3! normally controlled by the sear 32 and trigger 33.
The chamber 30 extends for the whole length of the receiver 21 to slidingly receive therein the generally cylindrically-shaped breech bolt 29. From this chamber there projects to the right and for nearly one-third of the circle of the receiver the loading and ejecting aperture 34 and from the upper part of this aperture there is a narrower straight rearwardly extending passage 35 for the movement therethrough of the inner end of the breech bolt handle 36. At the rear end of the lower half of the loading aperture 34 the receiver provides a forwardly facing shoulder 31 against which the rear face of the inner end of the bolt handle engages when the breech bolt had been slid to forward position and then partly rotated to lock the same in forward position by downward movement of the said handle as is shown best in Figs. 1 and 2.
As appears from Fig. 3 which is a rear view of the receiver and barrel, the rearward end of the receiver at its lower part is provided with a guiding cut 38 wide enough and long enough to slidingly receive therein the upper end of the upstanding finger 39 on the sear 32.
Transversely extending through the lower portion of the receiver slightly forward from its rear end and slightly spaced from the guiding cut 38 there is provided an angularly disposed slot 40 which slopes forward as it extends downwardly and is adapted to loosely receive the correspondingly slanted upward projection 3| at the upper and rear end of the trigger 33.
Immediately forward of the slanting projection 4! on the trigger, the trigger is provided with a forwardly extending straight portion 42 which normally lies parallel to the adjacent lower surface of the receiver. Thereafter the trigger has" a central straight portion 43, the upper portion of which extends'through the aperture in the sear 32. As appears from Fig. 1, this central portion- 43 of the trigger extends downwardly at right angles to the receiver and through the main recess 4B in the stock provided to house the re ceiver and the sear and trigger and also through the secondary recess 41 extending entirely down through the stock for the passage therethrough of the trigger. Below this secondary recess 47 there is provided the ordinary trigger guard 48 into the opening of which the lower part 49 of the trigger extends for manual operation thereof in the usual way.
As is best shown in Fig. 1 the sear 32 is a combined sear and sear spring being formed of a relatively long bar of spring metal provided at its rearward end with the upstanding finger 39 already mentioned and provided a short distance forward thereof with the aperture through which the trigger passes. Adjacent the aperture the sear is enlarged laterally and forward of this enlarged portion the sear extends forward still spaced from the lower side of the receiver and of the barrel almost to its forward end which is offset upwardly and curved to fit the rounding face of the adjacent portion of the barrel. This combined sear and sear spring is secured to the barrel by the take-down lug 5D, the lower part 5| of which is enlarged relative to its upper screw-threaded portion 52 so that an upwardly facing shoulder 53 is provided bearing against the lower part of, the front end of the sear. The arrangement and construction is such as to give a constant upward tension to the rear end of the scar and thus hold the trigger in normal position as shown in full lines in Fig. l, but allowing a rearward pull upon the finger portion of the trigger to depress the sear to the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2 at which position the upper portion of the finger on the sear has become disengaged from the striker 3!. It will be obvious that the proper rearward pressure upon the lower or finger portion of the trigger will bodily swing the trigger. During such swinging operation, the upper projection M on the trigger will act as a sliding fulcrum for the trigger, and the lower surface of the forward part of the straight upper portion 42 of the trigger will bear against the upper face of the sear at the rear of the aperture 44 and so swing the rear end of the sear downwardly. As soon as the sear is released from the striker the striker will shoot forward under the action of the combined main spring and rebound spring 15 and effect a firing impulse upon the firing pin 82 as hereinafter described. As soon as the pressure of the shooters finger is released from the trigger, the sear under its normal tension will return to normal position carrying therewith the trigger to its normal position. The material of the receiver adjacent the rear side of the slot 40 will be upset or punched upwardly on both sides of the trigger finger 4| as at 55 and thus operate to hold the trigger from any possibility of lateral displacement from the slot 40.
The breech bolt 29 is circular in cross section and cylindrical in outline. The forward end in the main is solid but its rear half is tubular in form providing a chamber 68 open at its rear end and bounded at its forward end by a transverse wall 69 where the solid forward half of the breech bolt begins. In this chamber 68 is slidingly mounted the striker 3|. In this rifle the striker is cocked by hand, that is the striker is drawn back manually by the shooter grasping the rear portion of the striker that projects beyond the rear end of the breech bolt as seen at the left of Fig. 1 and as seen at the right hand end of Fig. 4. This rear end or tail of the striker also projects beyond the rear end of the receiver when the breech bolt is in closed position but not cocked as appears in Fig. 1. After the striker has been moved back to cocked position shown in Fig. 5, it is automatically retained and held in that position by the finger 39 on the sear 32 at once springing up into an opening in the bottom wall of the hollow striker where the rear side of the finger of the sear engages the shoulder H at the back of said opening 10 in the striker. The arrangement of the parts at this cocked position is well shown in Fig. 5 and also in Fig. 2 where the rear end of the receiver and also the rear lower end of the chambered part of the breech bolt and also a small part of the chambered portion of the striker are cut away on purpose to show the finger of the sear extending through the guiding cut 33 in the rear end of the receiver and through the clearance cut E2 in the rear lower portion of the wall of the breech bolt adjacent its rear end and into the opening 10 in the bottom wall of. the striker.
The drawing back of the striker by the shooter pulling upon the tail of the striker compresses the coiled spring mounted within the central bore 16 of the striker and encircling a considerable part of the shank of the striker retaining bolt TI. The head T8 of this bolt is to the rear of the action while its forward end extends into a centrally-located longitudinally extending hole 54 provided in the forward solid half of the breech bolt. For a short distance back from its forward end this striker-retaining bolt 11 is screwthreaded to fit the screw-threaded portion of the said hole 54.
In this rifle I have provided a mechanism wherein the striker 3| is of the rebounding type and wherein one spring namely coiled spring 15 performs the functions both of a main spring and a rebound spring. Details of this mechanism, especially the relative position of the different parts of the mechanism, are best shown in the enlarged sectional views, Figs. 4, 5 and 6.
As already mentioned the rearward half of the breech bolt 29 is provided with a chamber 68 open at its rear end and closed at its forward end by the wall 69. The striker-retaining bolt Tl has the rearward portion of its shank extending 1ongitudinally through the longitudinal axis of the chamber 68 and its forward end passes into a centrally located hole 54 extending some distance forward of the wall 69 in the solid part of the breech bolt and is fixed in position therein by the screw-threaded engagement of the forward end of said striker-retaining bolt with the rearward screw-threaded end of said hole in the breech bolt. The body of the striker 3| is generally cylindrical in form and at the rear is provided with the tail portion 13 which consists of the reduced diametered portion 14 and to the rear thereof the enlarged ring-like portion or cooking knob 81 preferably knurled at its periphery. The reduced size of the part l4 together with the enlarged ring-like and knurled portion 81 afford a good gripping surface to be grasped by the shooters thumb and finger when the striker is to be pulled back against the tension of the spring 15 for cooking the rifie. The main bore it of the striker is circular in cross section and extends for its full diameter for almost the full length of the striker. At its forward end, however, there is a smaller passage 88 providing in the material of the striker at the rear end of said passage 88 a strong annular shoulder 89 against which fits the forwardly facing annular shoulder 90 at the forward face of the enlarged annular flange 9| of the forward collar 92-which has acentral aperture therein by means of which the collar is slidingly mounted upon the. striker-retaining bolt 11. The enlarged rearward flange portion 9l-of this collar slidingly fits. the main borelt= of the striker and the reduced diameter of the main and forward portion of said collar fits slidingly in the small forward passage 89 of the striker. The striker or main spring is mounted within the main bore I6 of the striker and is coiled about the strikerretaining bolt 11 and its forward end bears against the rear face 93-of the forward collar 92. The rear end of the said spring 15 bears against or is engaged by the forward face 94 of the rearward collar 95 which is slidingly mounted within the striker bore 56 and upon the shank of the retaining bolt 11. This rearward collar 95 is in turn held in place within the bore of the striker by the rearward end of the striker having a constricted 20. opening conveniently formed by the metal at the rear. end of the striker being suitably pressed inwardly forming an annular ring 96 of sufficient ,extent to confine the rearward collar 95 to the bore of the striker. The opening in this ridge 99, however, is of sufficient diameter to let the head 18 of the striker-retaining bolt Tl pass therethrough into the main bore of the striker where at certain positions of the mechanism the forward face of said head 18 engages the rearward face of the rearward collar 95 and thereby operates to let said rearward collar 95 be a support fixed against any further rearward movement by said rear end of the spring 15 when the striker is moved bodily rearwardly as during the cocking operation of the Fig. 4 shows the striker and other co-operating parts in the location they occupy when the striker is at neutral or re-bounded position; that is, after the rifle has been fired or snapped and the striker \has gone back to re-bounded position and the rifle reloaded, closed and locked. In this position the tail or thumb-piece of the striker and a small part of the body of the striker immediately ahead of the tail projects rearwardly from the chamber 68 of the breech bolt. The forward end of the forward collar 92 is at its most forward position; that is, with its front end engaging the front wall 69 of the bore of the breech bolt. The rearward collar is at its most rearward position relative to the striker and its rear face engages the forward side of the ridge 95 at the back of the striker and also engages the forward face of the head 18 of the striker-retaining bolt TI. The coiled spring 75 extends for its maximum working length between the rear face of the enlarged flange 9! of the forward collar 92 and the forward face 99 of the rearward collar 95 and the spring at this position is under partial minimum working compression. At this position the upstanding finger 39 on the sear 32 has sprung upwardly ready to engage at its rearward side the forwardly facing shoulder 97 formed by a recess or safety or rebound notch 98 in the lower portion of the Wall of the striker some distance forwardly of the tail of the striker. This recess 98 extends to a uniform depth around an appreciable part, say about one-third of the circumference of the striker as seen in difierent positions in Figs. 8, 9 and 10. Forward of this uniform depth portion the wall of said recess slants outwardly forming a slanting or cam surface 99 which operates to cammingly force the finger 39 out of the safety recess 98 when the striker is pulled rearwardly as during the cocking operation thereof. It will be noted that in this neutral or re-bounded position the striker 3| is spaced slightlybackfron its extreme fired or forward position and so leaves a space at the forward end of the chamber 68in front or the front face of the striker. In thisre-gbounded position of the striker this slightly retracted position of the striker allows the firing pin 82 to be retracted from engaging the cartridge and the rear end of the firing pin projectsintothe chamber 68and so is ready to be. engaged by the striker as appears in dotted linesv in Figs. 4 and 5. By reason of the striker being held back by the sear engaging the safety notch 98, the gun cannot be accidentally fired by a blow upon the tail of the striker.
To move the striker from this neutral or rebounded position shown in Fig. 4 to the cooked position of the rifle. shown in Fig. 5 the tail of the striker. is grasped by the shooter and drawn rearwardly to the position of the parts shown in Fig. 5. During this movement the head 18 of the striker-retaining bolt of course remains fixed as its position is permanent relative to the breech bolt and so the rearwardcollar 95 remains fixed and forms a support for'the rear end of the spring it. This spring has been compressed during this rearward motion of the striker due to the forward end of the spring being engaged by the forward collar 92 which has moved rearwardly with the rearward motion of the striker due to the engagement of the forwardly facing shoulder 99 of the forward collar 92 being engaged by the rearward shoulder 89 upon the forward part of the striker. During this retraction of the striker 3! the upwardly extending sear finger 38 has engaged the slanting cam face 99 upon the striker and said sear finger 39 has been depressed against the tension of the sear so as to ride along the cam face 99 and then along the lower or outer side of the striker forward of said cam face until as the striker is brought to cooked or retracted position the tension of the sear is able to again advance inwardly this finger 39 into the full cock hole or opening 10 in the bottom wall of the striker with the rear. face of said finger engaging the forwardly facing shoulder II at the rear of said opening 10. The finger of the sear now holds the striker in rearward and cooked position against the tension of the now more greatly compressed spring 15. It will be seen that in this position the head '18 of the striker-retaining bolt is some distance within the rearward end of the bore of the striker. It will be noted also that the forward collar 92 is in the same position relative to the striker that it was in the rebounded position, that is, the forward end of the reduced diametered part of said collar projects forwardly of the front face of the striker. The front face of the striker likewise is moved proportionately farther back from the wall 69 of the breech bolt and especially from the still projecting rear end of the firing pin 8-2 which is to be struck sharply by the striker when released by the sear by the pulling of the trigger. As soon as the sear finger 39 has moved into the full cocked hole or opening 79 of the striker that finger holds the striker in cocked position and the shootershand may be released from the tail or thumb piece of the striker.
In this cocked position of the rifle as shown in Fig. 5 the spring 15 is compressed to its maximum working compression and minimum working length and is through the forward collar 92 ex erting a force urging the striker 3| forward, but movement of the striker is arrested as long as the sear finger 39 is in engagement with the shoulder ll of the full cocked recess or hole 10.
Upon the trigger being pulled the sear 3.2 is
I mentum. During this last 4- drawn away from the striker and particularly the sear finger 39 is disengaged from the full cock recess 'or opening 10 of the striker and the compressed spring 15 then causes the striker to fly forward. As it flies forward it gains momentum and carries the striker to the neutral or rebounded position shown in Fig. 4 under the direct force of the spring at which rebounded position the forward collar 92 has its forward end engage the rearwardly facing wall 69 and so stop the collar 92. The momentum, however, already given to the striker causes the striker to move still further forward and the striker carries with it the firing pin 82 to make its firing blow upon the cartridge and finally makes the forward end of the striker seat against the said wall 69 at the front end of the chamber of the breech bolt. The position of the parts at this instant, namely the firing position, but prior to the rebound is shown in Fig. 6. It will be understood that this forward flying of the striker is done so rapidly that it comes to this position before the shooter can really release his hold upon the trigger and so the sear finger 39 is still shown away from the striker. It will be seen that the actual firing stroke given to the firing pin is accomplished by the last part of the forward movement of the striker which is a movement entirely of mopart of the forward movement of the striker, that is, its movement after the front end of the forward collar 92 is stopped by the wall 69, the spring '55 is being compressed again to slightly more than its minimum working compression and to slightly less than its maximum working length because its forward end is held by the rear end of the collar 92 while its rearward end is being pushed in by the last part of the forward travel of the striker which carries the rear collar 95 forward from the head of the retaining bolt H. The amount that the coil spring is further compressed after the striker passes neutral position shown in Fig. 4 is shown by the shorter space that the spring occupies between the said two collars as may be seen by comparing Fig. 4 with Fig. 6. This difference may also be seen by comparing the immediate engagement of the rear collar 95 with the retaining bolt head 18 as seen in Fig. 4 with the forwardly spaced position of the rear collar 95 relative to said bolt head 18 as seen in Fig. 6. This change in position of parts as mentioned now enables the said spring 15 to function as a rebound spring in that the compression of the spring at once operates to move the striker back from the fired position shown in Fig. 6 to the neutral position shown in Fig. 4. The compression given to the spring operates to exert a rearward force upon the rearward collar 95 and therefore to the rear end of the striker and this force manifests itself in moving the striker rearwardly so that its forward end is no longer in contact with the wall 69 but is spaced back therefrom and also spaced back from the rear end of the firing pin. After the striker thus comes back to this rebounded position as shown in Fig. 4 the shooter releases the trigger and the sear finger 39 springs upward into the safety notch 98 and the rear end of said finger is again ready to engage the shoulder 9'? and hold the striker from accidental forward movement.
Rotation of the striker in the breech bolt is prevented by means of a key pressed inward from the wall of the breech bolt and slidingly engaging a keyway lill extending longitudinally of the top of the body of the striker as appears in Fig. 8.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a firearm of the rebounding-striker type, the combination of a breech bolt, a hollow striker slidingly mounted therein, a firing pin slidingly mounted in the breech bolt and adapted to be struck by said striker, a bolt for retaining the striker in the breech bolt, a single coiled spring mounted lengthwise within the striker and operatively connected at its rear end to said strikerretaining bolt and to said striker, means at the forward end of the striker directly engaged by the forward end of said spring and when said spring is compressed, normally tending to push the striker forward but having a forward projection that extends through the front of the striker and engages the breech bolt before the striker reaches the firing pin whereby the last part of the forward movement of the striker is produced by its own momentum after the spring has expanded and partly recompresses the spring and thereby causes the striker to rebound from the firing pin.
2. In a hand-cocked, bolt action, firearm of the rebounding-striker type, the combination of a receiver, a breech bolt slidingly mounted therein and having a chamber in its rear portion and a firing-pin slot in its forward portion extending to said chamber in a plane spaced from the axis thereof, a firing pin slidingly housed in said slot, a tubular striker slidingly mounted in said breech bolt chamber and having its bore constricted at both ends, a headed bolt for retaining the striker in the breech bolt, said retaining bolt having its forward part fastened in the breech bolt forward of its chamber and having its shank extend rearwardly axially through the bore of the striker, the head of said retaining bolt being adapted to pass through the constricted opening at the rear of the bore of the striker, two spaced collars slidingly mounted on the shank of said retaining bolt and within the unconstricted portion of the bore of said striker, the rear collar having its rearward movement limited by the head of said retaining bolt and by the constriction at the rear of said bore, the forward collar being adapted to engage the rear face of the forward constriction of said striker, and having a forwardly projecting sleeve of reduced diameter, longer than the front constriction and adapted to pass therethrough and therebeyond and engage the forward wall of the breech bolt chamber before the striker engages said wall when said front collar and striker travel forwardly together with said front collar engaging the rear face of said front constriction and a single compression coiled spring mounted about the shank of said retaining bolt between said front and rear collars.
3. In a rebounding striker construction for firearms, the combination of a breech bolt, a hollow striker slidingly mounted therein, a firing pin slidingly mounted in the breech bolt and adapted to be struck by said striker, a bolt piercing the striker and retaining the striker in the breech bolt, a single coiled spring mounted lengthwise within the striker about the retaining bolt and operatively and independently connected at its rear end to said striker-retaining bolt and to said striker, means at the forward end of the striker directly engaged by the forward end of said spring and when said spring is compressed, normally tending to push the striker forward but having a forward projection that extends through the front of the striker and engages the breech bolt before the striker reaches the firing pin whereby the last part of the forward movement of the striker is produced by its own momentum after the spring has expanded and partly recompresses the spring and thereby causes the striker to rebound from the firing pin.
4. In a rebounding striker construction for firearms, the combination of a breech bolt having a chamber in its rear portion, a firing pin slidingly housed in the forward part of said breech bolt and extending to the chamber thereof, a tubular striker slidingly mounted in said breech bolt chamber and having its bore constricted at both ends, a headed bolt for retaining the striker in the breech bolt, said retaining bolt having its forward part fastened in the breech bolt foward of its chamber and having its shank extend rearwardly axially through the bore of the striker, the head of said retaining bolt being adapted to pass through the constricted opening at the rear of the bore of the striker, two spaced collars slidingly mounted on the shank of said retaining bolt and within the unconstricted portion of the bore of said striker, the rear collar having its rearward movement limited by the head of said retaining bolt and by the constriction at the rear of said bore, the forward collar being adapted to engage the rear face of the forward constriction of said striker, and having a forwardly projecting sleeve of reduced diameter, longer than the front constriction and adapted to pass therethrough and therebeyond and engage the forward wall of the breech bolt chamber before the striker engages said wall when said front collar and striker travel forwardly together by reason of said front collar engaging the rear face of said front constriction and a single compression coiled spring mounted about the shank of said retaining bolt between said front and rear collars.
NICHOLAS L. BREWER.
US220921A 1937-11-08 1938-07-23 Rebounding striker construction for firearms Expired - Lifetime US2173576A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US173358A US2223092A (en) 1937-11-08 1937-11-08 Rifle
US220921A US2173576A (en) 1937-11-08 1938-07-23 Rebounding striker construction for firearms
US221094A US2230372A (en) 1937-11-08 1938-07-25 Trigger and sear mechanism for firearms

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US173358A US2223092A (en) 1937-11-08 1937-11-08 Rifle
US220921A US2173576A (en) 1937-11-08 1938-07-23 Rebounding striker construction for firearms
US221094A US2230372A (en) 1937-11-08 1938-07-25 Trigger and sear mechanism for firearms

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2173576A true US2173576A (en) 1939-09-19

Family

ID=27390267

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US173358A Expired - Lifetime US2223092A (en) 1937-11-08 1937-11-08 Rifle
US220921A Expired - Lifetime US2173576A (en) 1937-11-08 1938-07-23 Rebounding striker construction for firearms
US221094A Expired - Lifetime US2230372A (en) 1937-11-08 1938-07-25 Trigger and sear mechanism for firearms

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US173358A Expired - Lifetime US2223092A (en) 1937-11-08 1937-11-08 Rifle

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US221094A Expired - Lifetime US2230372A (en) 1937-11-08 1938-07-25 Trigger and sear mechanism for firearms

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (3) US2223092A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6061944A (en) * 1998-07-13 2000-05-16 Schroeder; Steve A. Centerfire bolt head assembly and replacement method therewith
US10222149B2 (en) * 2016-04-19 2019-03-05 Sig Sauer, Inc. Firearm upper receiver positioning mechanism
US20190234700A1 (en) * 2018-01-30 2019-08-01 Sebastian Josef UNGER Portable firearm receiver having front and rear locking assemblies for removable receiver cover

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2888207A (en) * 1954-12-20 1959-05-26 Bell & Gossett Co Spray gun

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6061944A (en) * 1998-07-13 2000-05-16 Schroeder; Steve A. Centerfire bolt head assembly and replacement method therewith
US10222149B2 (en) * 2016-04-19 2019-03-05 Sig Sauer, Inc. Firearm upper receiver positioning mechanism
US20190234700A1 (en) * 2018-01-30 2019-08-01 Sebastian Josef UNGER Portable firearm receiver having front and rear locking assemblies for removable receiver cover
US10753694B2 (en) * 2018-01-30 2020-08-25 Sebastian Unger Portable firearm receiver having front and rear locking assemblies for removable receiver cover

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US2223092A (en) 1940-11-26
US2230372A (en) 1941-02-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2685754A (en) Breech-loading magazine firearm
US2659994A (en) Self-loading semiautomatic pistol
US3750531A (en) Dual protection safety device for semi-automatic pistol
US3005279A (en) Bolt action rifle with gas deflecting means
US2296242A (en) Firearm
US2049776A (en) Gun
US3090148A (en) Bolt action firearm with charger
US5320023A (en) Semiautomatic pistol
US1349675A (en) Bolt-action firearm
US3142921A (en) Cartridge lifter mechanism for semi-automatic gun
US2719375A (en) Firearm with a pair of action bars
US2173576A (en) Rebounding striker construction for firearms
US1851696A (en) Firearm
US2894346A (en) Firing mechanism with a single spring for the hammer, hammer catch means and trigger
US2224758A (en) Release mechanism for semiautomatic firearms
US2832266A (en) Automatic pistol
US2030149A (en) Upturn-and-pullback bolt-action firearm
US2716923A (en) Firing mechanism for a rifle
US2469053A (en) Automatic sear for automatic and semiautomatic firearms
US1352413A (en) Gun
US2922240A (en) Firearm with interengageable breech block and slide block and double action bars
US2341780A (en) Automatic firearm
US2223093A (en) Mechanism for control of breech bolt return and release of hammer for semiautomatic firearms
US3092924A (en) Lever action firearm
US2715355A (en) Fire control mechanism