US2172035A - Apparatus for the saturation of liquids by gas - Google Patents

Apparatus for the saturation of liquids by gas Download PDF

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Publication number
US2172035A
US2172035A US130396A US13039637A US2172035A US 2172035 A US2172035 A US 2172035A US 130396 A US130396 A US 130396A US 13039637 A US13039637 A US 13039637A US 2172035 A US2172035 A US 2172035A
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Prior art keywords
stopper
gas
receptacle
tube
saturation
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Expired - Lifetime
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US130396A
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Roth Roger Eugene
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D'ETUDE POUR L'ACIDE CARBONIQUE Ste
ETUDE POUR L ACIDE CARBONIQUE
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ETUDE POUR L ACIDE CARBONIQUE
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Application filed by ETUDE POUR L ACIDE CARBONIQUE filed Critical ETUDE POUR L ACIDE CARBONIQUE
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F3/00Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed
    • B01F3/04Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed gases or vapours with liquids
    • B01F3/04099Introducing a gas or vapour into a liquid medium, e.g. producing aerated liquids
    • B01F3/04787Apparatus for aerating or carbonating beverages
    • B01F3/04794Apparatus for aerating or carbonating beverages for aerating or carbonating beverages within containers, e.g. bottles
    • B01F3/04801Portable appliances comprising a gas cartridge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67DDISPENSING, DELIVERING OR TRANSFERRING LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B67D1/00Apparatus or devices for dispensing beverages on draught
    • B67D1/04Apparatus utilising compressed air or other gas acting directly or indirectly on beverages in storage containers
    • B67D1/0412Apparatus utilising compressed air or other gas acting directly or indirectly on beverages in storage containers the whole dispensing unit being fixed to the container
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S261/00Gas and liquid contact apparatus
    • Y10S261/07Carbonators

Description

Sept. 5, 1939.
R. 5;. Row
APPARATUS FOR THE SATURATION OF-LIQUIDS BY GAS Filed March 11, 1937' INVENTOR RQTH ENE
g ROQER E06 T RNEY-s Patented Sept. 5, 1939 UNITED STATES,
PATENT OFFICE APPARATUS Foa ,THE summon or mourns BY GAS Roger Eugene Roth, Olichy,'France, assignor to. Socit dEtude pour lAcide Oarbonique, Clichy',
Seine, France Application March 11, 1937, Serial No. 130,398
' In France May 22. 1936 7' Claims. ease- 22 The object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus for the saturation, by suitable gases, of liquid contained in common receptacles.
With this apparatus, the gas is freed inside the liquid in the form of infinitely small particles, ata suitably calculated rate and pressure forobtaining a good saturation. Moreover, the liberation of the gas taking place in the form of jets directed in diflerent directions, causes" the mixture to be vigorously agitated thus assuring a still better saturation of the liquid.
Since the pressure necessary inside the receptacle must be uniform and constant, a device .-embodying a valve, which will be dealt with later,
is removed a For simplifying the following description, and
by way of example only. the gas mentioned hereinafter is carbonic acid, the liquid water and the receptacle an ordinary glass bottle. i
It is obvious that according to the requirement, any other gas may be used and the water can be replaced by wine, flavoured or alcoholic drinks, coffee, milk, or even medical solutions, etc.
In the appended drawing, Fig. 1 illustrates the apparatus in section and Fig. 2. shows a perspective view of an alternative of the head of the apparatus with its different parts set apart.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of the discharge valve.
Fig. 4 is anenlarged fragmentary sectional A dip tube 1 integral with the head a has the terminal piece g at its bottom end. This tube 50 is also intended to serve as a gas reserve as will be seen further in the operation of the apparatus.
The terminal piece a is made of suitable material and is porous at certain points only. Preferably the porous zones are situated at the hot- 55 tom of said piece and in such a manner as to in vigorouslyso as to compress the washer a.
for this purpose, as well as any other tight packimpart a directional effect to the discharging gas. 1
From these zones CO2 will issue as a fine spray in the form of mixing jets.
The piercing or percussion device for the cap 5 sule h containing the liquid carbonic acid is housed in head a. I I It embodies a percussion tube i, awasher j of elastic material and a spring 10;
Tube i is pierced by holes forthe' passage of 10 the gas.
The capsule his pierced by screwing it in its housing, its valve engaging the perc n tube 1'.
The washer i pressed both by-the end of the.
cartridge and the spring It ensures a perfect tightness, and also acts as packing in the housing 1. Any other percussion system may be used. The carbonic acid set free passes to the tube 1 through passage m.
' The head 0 also containsa passage 1!. closed by 20 a valve 0 made of elastic material, thisvalve being held on its seat by a spring 1: housed inside the spout q. When the pressure inside the bottle exceeds a certain given limit, the valve rises from its seat, part of the 002- escapes into the 5 open air and the spring again forces the valve on to its seat.
Valve 0 and its stem are provided with 'peripheral grooves or their diameters are such that the gas .can escape into the open air when the valve 30 is open. The finger lever 1' serves to control the valve from outside.
The operation of the device-is easily understood. $5
The bottle being filled with water, the collar 1) fixed on its neck, head a is thoroughly screwed Then capsule h is punctured by screwing it into its threaded housing. The carbonic acid can only discharge a through the piece a, in the form of fine jets which saturate the liquid contained in the bottle.
Valve 0 then automatically frees thequantity of carbonic acid undissolved in the liquid. Thus, the pressure inside the bottle cannot reach a dangerous limit.
.when the cartridge n is empty the water is perfectly saturated.
The pressure liquid can be poured out, as with,
an ordinary siphon, by means of the spout q provided the bottle is sufliciently tilted and valve 0 is opened by pressing finger lever r. The gas agave in tube 1 permits the emptying of the Alternatively the head a may be unscrewed,
poured from the bottle, in the case where it is desired to have the water highly saturated. This last-method is specially recommended for making lemonade. When using the device as a siphon a large part of the carbonic acid escapes from the liquid.
I claim:
1. Apparatus for thesaturation of liquid by gas, comprising a receptacle adapted to contain a liquid, a stopper, a tube prolonging the stop per, dipping into the receptacle and closed at its free end by a hollow body permeable to gases under pressure; means for fixing the stopper on the receptacle, a passage in the stopper forfeedin a gas under pressure into the tube, a second passage in the stopper connecting the inside of the receptacle above the maximum liquid levelvided with a sealing flange, an externally-threaded stopper fitted into the neck of said receptacle, an internally-threaded collar for receiving the externally-threaded stopper, a second collar resiliently gripping the neck of the receptaclg beneath said flange, connecting lugs between the two collars, and a sealing ring between the stop.-
per and the. neck of the receptacle.
3. Apparatus for the saturation of liquids by gas, comprising: a receptacle, a stopper, a tube prolonging the stopper, dipping into the receptacle and closed at its free end by a hollow body. permeable to gases under pressure, means for fixing the stopper on the receptacle, a capsule for the pressure gas having a threaded flange, a mortise threaded into the stopper receiving the flange of the capsule, a piercing tube for the capsule placed in the mortise, a passage in the stopper joining the mortise to the tube, a sec ond passage in the stopper connecting the inside of the receptacle with the exterior.
4. Apparatus for the saturation of liquids by the device bodily removed and the liquid directly Der Joining the mortise to the tube, a second passage in the stopper connecting the "inside of receptacle with the exterior, a chamber covering the exterior of said second passage, and a loaded valve in said chamber.
5. Apparatus for --the saturation of liquids by gas, comprising: a receptacle, a stopper, a tube prolonging the stopper dipping into the receptacle and closed at its free end by a hollow body permeable to gases under pressure, means for 'fixing the stopperon the receptacle, a capsule for the pressure .gas having a threaded flange, a mortise threaded into the stopper receiving the flange of the capsule, a piercing tube for the capsule placed in the mortise, a .passage in the stopper joining. the mortise to the tube, a second passage in the stopper connecting the inside oi.
receptacle with the exterior, a chamber covering 6. Apparatus for'the saturation of liquids by gas, comprising: a receptacle, a stopper, a tube prolonging the stopper dipping into the receptatile and closed at its free end by a hollow body permeable to gases under pressure, means for fixing the stopper on the receptacle, a capsule for the pressure, gas..having a threaded flange,
a mortise threaded into the stopper receiving gas, comprising: a receptacle adapted to contain a liquid, a stopper, 9. tubeprolonging the stopper, dipping into the receptacle and closed at its free'end by a hollow body permeable to gases under pressure, means for fixing the stopper on the receptacle, a passage in the stopper for feeding a gas under pressure into the tube, a second passage in the stopper connecting the inside of the receptacle above the maximum liquid level with the exterior to enable liquid to enter said latter passage at the upper portion of the receptacle and be poured therefrom, and a loaded releasable valve closing sage.
ROGER EUGENE ROTH.
said last-mentioned pas-
US130396A 1936-05-22 1937-03-11 Apparatus for the saturation of liquids by gas Expired - Lifetime US2172035A (en)

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FR2172035X 1936-05-22

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2600901A (en) * 1950-03-07 1952-06-17 Meldau Fred John Beverage carbonating device
US2682977A (en) * 1949-04-07 1954-07-06 Nat Dairy Res Lab Inc Whipped cream dispenser
US4735348A (en) * 1983-05-04 1988-04-05 Norcarl Products, Inc. Apparatus for making a carbonated beverage
US5635232A (en) * 1994-11-23 1997-06-03 Perlage Systems, Inc. Safe method and apparatus for preserving and re-carbonating beverages
WO1999052622A1 (en) * 1998-04-15 1999-10-21 Brita Gmbh Device for introducing gas into a liquid
US20080290118A1 (en) * 2007-05-25 2008-11-27 Gregory John Luzaich Pour through oxidation suppressing stopper
US20090224000A1 (en) * 2008-03-10 2009-09-10 New Cellars Climatic, S.L. Device for dispensing liquids
US7926791B1 (en) * 2007-01-18 2011-04-19 Bertoli Charles J Oxygen supply humidification system
US20150344282A1 (en) * 2011-08-29 2015-12-03 Napa Technology Liquiid dispensing head forcibly detachable from bottle or container
US9227827B1 (en) * 2012-10-24 2016-01-05 Cromulent Conceptions, LLC Liquid container pressurization and dispensing device
US9714163B2 (en) * 2011-06-09 2017-07-25 Cardiff Group, Naamloze Vennootschap Container for storing a liquid foodstuff and dispensing it under pressure

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2682977A (en) * 1949-04-07 1954-07-06 Nat Dairy Res Lab Inc Whipped cream dispenser
US2600901A (en) * 1950-03-07 1952-06-17 Meldau Fred John Beverage carbonating device
US4735348A (en) * 1983-05-04 1988-04-05 Norcarl Products, Inc. Apparatus for making a carbonated beverage
US5635232A (en) * 1994-11-23 1997-06-03 Perlage Systems, Inc. Safe method and apparatus for preserving and re-carbonating beverages
WO1999052622A1 (en) * 1998-04-15 1999-10-21 Brita Gmbh Device for introducing gas into a liquid
US7926791B1 (en) * 2007-01-18 2011-04-19 Bertoli Charles J Oxygen supply humidification system
US8177196B1 (en) * 2007-01-18 2012-05-15 Bertoli Charles J Oxygen supply humidification system
US20080290118A1 (en) * 2007-05-25 2008-11-27 Gregory John Luzaich Pour through oxidation suppressing stopper
US20090224000A1 (en) * 2008-03-10 2009-09-10 New Cellars Climatic, S.L. Device for dispensing liquids
US9714163B2 (en) * 2011-06-09 2017-07-25 Cardiff Group, Naamloze Vennootschap Container for storing a liquid foodstuff and dispensing it under pressure
US20150344282A1 (en) * 2011-08-29 2015-12-03 Napa Technology Liquiid dispensing head forcibly detachable from bottle or container
US9227827B1 (en) * 2012-10-24 2016-01-05 Cromulent Conceptions, LLC Liquid container pressurization and dispensing device

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