US2166577A - Building suitable for countries liable to earthquakes - Google Patents

Building suitable for countries liable to earthquakes Download PDF

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Publication number
US2166577A
US2166577A US231792A US23179238A US2166577A US 2166577 A US2166577 A US 2166577A US 231792 A US231792 A US 231792A US 23179238 A US23179238 A US 23179238A US 2166577 A US2166577 A US 2166577A
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Prior art keywords
concrete
building
framework
earthquakes
countries
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US231792A
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Beckius Antoine
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Beckius Antoine
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/32Foundations for special purposes
    • E02D27/34Foundations for sinking or earthquake territories

Description

July 18, 1939. BECKlUs 2,156,577
BUILDING SUITABLE FOR COUNTRIES LIABLE TO EARTHQUAKES Filed Sept. 26, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Inventor.- 1 flntomeBeclrius Attorney A. BIECKIUIS 2,166,577
July 18, 1939.
BUILDING SUITABLE FOR. COUNTRIES LIABLE TO EARTHQUAKES 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Fil ed Sept. 26, 1938 i z wyjlvyym Inve'nion finioine Beclu'ns Patented July 18,1939
PATENT; OFFICE i BUILDING- SUITABLE son coun'rmns mum to mmqums Antoine Beckius, Luxemburg, Luxemburg Application September 26, 1938, Serial No. 231.792
In Luxemburg October 6, 1937 4 Claims. (01. '12-'17) The subject matter of the present invention is a special structure which can be used as a dwelling, orfor other purposes, and which is intended for countries where earthquakes are prevalent.
The essential feature of this structure is the spherical shape of its metallic framework, within which the house is built and supported; this framework is rigid and cannot be put out of shape; it rests in an excavation made in the m ground and which has the shape of an inverted skull-cap, the part of the framework thus buried under the level of the ground, being let into a mass of concrete, which occupies at least one quarter of the volume of the sphere formed by 15 this framework. The mass of concrete, as well asthe weight, and the distribution of the parts above this mass, are calculated in such a way that the centre of gravity of the whole is located in the depth of the concrete mass, perceptibly on the diametrical vertical axis, so that the whole constitutes a loaded sphere which cannot be upset. Y
The steel girders, preferably T-shaped, constitute the meridians of the sphere; they are assembled together by other girders which constitute parallels and equator of the sphere; they thus form a spherical framework or casing which cannot be put out of shape and the elements of which-parallels and meridians-can be used ,as
supports or as stays for the partitions, ceilings, floors, which are made of masonry, concrete, wood, tiles, etc. One can also pass radial or secant girders in the sphere itself, these bearing on the meridians, equator and parallels.
3:, The stairs, if any, must be located in the centre of the structure-following the vertical axisand the structure will preferably be divided by radial partitions, so as to distribute the loads and the weight as uniformly as possible.
- As said, the girders of the framework can form an integral part of the exterior walls, the masonry, the concrete, etc., being fitted between these girders, or the latter being let into the concrete. One can, however, erect square or rectangular structure in the sphere, which will be exactly encircled by the metallic framework. In any case, as-the difference between the weight of the concrete block which fills the inferior part of the sphere, and the superior part of the structure is of capital importance for the stability, it is necessary to use, for the partitions, material as light as possible. Ceilings may be made of concrete, wood, or any other usual material. The roof truss isconstituted by the upper part of the metallic framework, the covering being made of eternit, copper, zinc, etc.
As the structure as a whole is not fastened to the ground, it remains independent-as far as equilibrium and stability. are concerned-of earthquake shocks, thanks to the inferior ballast- ,ing, the weight of which is higher than that of the part which is above ground.
An example of the subject matter of the invention is shown in .the annexed drawings, wherein:
Fig; 1 is an elevation showing a two-"cored building;
Fig. 2 is an horizontal section through the equatorial plane showing a specimen laying out of a ground-floor.
Fig. 3 is avertical section on line III-III of Fig. 1. Y
The dwelling-house according to the invention is (Fig. 1) in the shape of a spherical cupola, a third of which is under the level of the ground. I is the entrance door, and 2 a belt of windows, at each story.
Fig. 3 shows the framework consisting of meridians 3 made of metallic girders rigidly assembled by circles 4 forming parallels and equator; the buried part of the framework is let into a concrete mass 5; the ground is simply hollowed out in the shape of a skull-cap, and covered by a thick layer of sand 6 which is not indispensable.
The floors and ceilings I are supported by corresponding circles--parallelsand, eventually, by diametrical girders.
Fig. 2 gives the schematic lay-out of the ground-floor, divided into several rooms--supposed to be furnishedby radial partitions 8 opening on a circular central vestibule 9, and to a circular gallery ID for the floor; II are the connecting doors. The vestibule or hall is lined with a cylindrical partition I2, and also has a part I 3 which leads to the entrance door of the dwelling. This lay-out of the dwellingrooms in the shape of a crown divided into successive sections, is not restrictive; one may evidently in the case of a housewithout story, conceive a quite difierent lay-out, with suites of rooms on either side of a rectangular diametrical vestibule.
' Having now fully described by said invention,
what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is: l. A building structure comprising a metallic framework of spherical shape, the lower portion to the extent of at least one-fourth of the volume -of the entire framework resting freely in a correspondingly shaped excavation in the ground,
and a mass of concrete or the like forming a base for and maintaining the shape of the metallic framework, said mass of concrete. being in such volume that the center of gravity of the entire structure is within the mass of concrete.
2. A construction as defined in claim 1, wherein that portion of the framework above the mass of concrete is usable as a habitation.
3. A construction as defined in claim 1, wherein the spherical-shaped framework is made up of meridian girders connected by parallel girders and secant planes.
4. A construction as defined in claim 1, wherein the metallic framework and mass of concrete are wholly free of any connection with the surface relative to which it is mounted.
ANTOINE BECKIUS.
US231792A 1937-10-06 1938-09-26 Building suitable for countries liable to earthquakes Expired - Lifetime US2166577A (en)

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Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2469603A (en) * 1943-02-15 1949-05-10 Letourneau Inc Building construction
US2649625A (en) * 1948-08-18 1953-08-25 Eugene A Johnson Tornado proof building
US3154888A (en) * 1960-03-23 1964-11-03 Graham Phillip Building construction
US3164111A (en) * 1962-07-13 1965-01-05 Daniel G Lanni Bomb shelter
US3212220A (en) * 1963-05-06 1965-10-19 Krystyna W Boniecki Building structure
US3457690A (en) * 1967-01-26 1969-07-29 Pierre Le Clercq Method for constructing a building simultaneously below and above ground level
US3736712A (en) * 1972-02-28 1973-06-05 Composite building structure and walls therefor
US3916578A (en) * 1971-05-24 1975-11-04 Iradj Forootan Earthquake-proof building structure
US4074476A (en) * 1974-06-17 1978-02-21 Imanol Ordorika Tubular dwelling construction
FR2435581A1 (en) * 1978-09-06 1980-04-04 Villebonne Albert De Foundation construction for tremor prone ground - has thin layer of sand between base beam and foundation to absorb vibration
US4228788A (en) * 1979-01-08 1980-10-21 John Moeser Self-contained all-terrain living apparatus
FR2500873A1 (en) * 1981-02-05 1982-09-03 Marouf Omar Earthquake resistant building - can move on supports which are installed in bed of sand
US4565149A (en) * 1982-03-11 1986-01-21 Richard Clasky Semi-submergible spherical residential structure
FR2619147A1 (en) * 1987-08-07 1989-10-06 Thiery Gerard Spherical earthquake-resistant shelter
US5009412A (en) * 1988-11-16 1991-04-23 Itrec B.V. Eathquake simulator for a theme park
FR2665211A1 (en) * 1989-12-12 1992-01-31 Emmanuel Emile Michel Earthquake-resistant system "SATURNE"
US5394661A (en) * 1993-06-24 1995-03-07 Noble; Curtis R. Earthquake resistant biosphere
US5605021A (en) * 1992-03-17 1997-02-25 Thomann; Bernard Earthquake-proof building
US5623794A (en) * 1995-08-18 1997-04-29 Bohls; Glen Framing structure apparatus and method for earth sheltered, multi-level structure
DE19641104A1 (en) * 1996-10-05 1998-04-23 Petereit Wolfgang Foundations for high and=or deep building
US5765326A (en) * 1993-10-15 1998-06-16 Schuster; Siegfried Globated builiding structure
US6161341A (en) * 1998-03-03 2000-12-19 Anderson; Kent G. Simulated time ship dining and entertainment arrangement
US6868639B1 (en) 2000-08-16 2005-03-22 Ray R. Gunthardt Force resistant architecture
US20060032453A1 (en) * 2004-08-10 2006-02-16 Bonner Ronald K Animal display and habitat assembly
US20070028531A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2007-02-08 Woodcock Jerry A Haven House
US20090013615A1 (en) * 2005-08-11 2009-01-15 Yugenkaisha Japan Tsusyo Resin Knockdown House
US20090013616A1 (en) * 2006-01-25 2009-01-15 Yugenkaisha Japan Tsusyo Dome-shaped shelter
US20100300010A1 (en) * 2009-05-27 2010-12-02 Maria Eugenia Vallejo Eco sphere

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2469603A (en) * 1943-02-15 1949-05-10 Letourneau Inc Building construction
US2649625A (en) * 1948-08-18 1953-08-25 Eugene A Johnson Tornado proof building
US3154888A (en) * 1960-03-23 1964-11-03 Graham Phillip Building construction
US3164111A (en) * 1962-07-13 1965-01-05 Daniel G Lanni Bomb shelter
US3212220A (en) * 1963-05-06 1965-10-19 Krystyna W Boniecki Building structure
US3457690A (en) * 1967-01-26 1969-07-29 Pierre Le Clercq Method for constructing a building simultaneously below and above ground level
US3916578A (en) * 1971-05-24 1975-11-04 Iradj Forootan Earthquake-proof building structure
US3736712A (en) * 1972-02-28 1973-06-05 Composite building structure and walls therefor
US4074476A (en) * 1974-06-17 1978-02-21 Imanol Ordorika Tubular dwelling construction
FR2435581A1 (en) * 1978-09-06 1980-04-04 Villebonne Albert De Foundation construction for tremor prone ground - has thin layer of sand between base beam and foundation to absorb vibration
US4228788A (en) * 1979-01-08 1980-10-21 John Moeser Self-contained all-terrain living apparatus
FR2500873A1 (en) * 1981-02-05 1982-09-03 Marouf Omar Earthquake resistant building - can move on supports which are installed in bed of sand
US4565149A (en) * 1982-03-11 1986-01-21 Richard Clasky Semi-submergible spherical residential structure
FR2619147A1 (en) * 1987-08-07 1989-10-06 Thiery Gerard Spherical earthquake-resistant shelter
US5009412A (en) * 1988-11-16 1991-04-23 Itrec B.V. Eathquake simulator for a theme park
FR2665211A1 (en) * 1989-12-12 1992-01-31 Emmanuel Emile Michel Earthquake-resistant system "SATURNE"
US5605021A (en) * 1992-03-17 1997-02-25 Thomann; Bernard Earthquake-proof building
US5394661A (en) * 1993-06-24 1995-03-07 Noble; Curtis R. Earthquake resistant biosphere
US5765326A (en) * 1993-10-15 1998-06-16 Schuster; Siegfried Globated builiding structure
US5623794A (en) * 1995-08-18 1997-04-29 Bohls; Glen Framing structure apparatus and method for earth sheltered, multi-level structure
DE19641104A1 (en) * 1996-10-05 1998-04-23 Petereit Wolfgang Foundations for high and=or deep building
US6161341A (en) * 1998-03-03 2000-12-19 Anderson; Kent G. Simulated time ship dining and entertainment arrangement
US6868639B1 (en) 2000-08-16 2005-03-22 Ray R. Gunthardt Force resistant architecture
US7174851B2 (en) * 2004-08-10 2007-02-13 North America Pet Products Animal display and habitat assembly
US20060032453A1 (en) * 2004-08-10 2006-02-16 Bonner Ronald K Animal display and habitat assembly
US20070028531A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2007-02-08 Woodcock Jerry A Haven House
US20090013615A1 (en) * 2005-08-11 2009-01-15 Yugenkaisha Japan Tsusyo Resin Knockdown House
US20090013616A1 (en) * 2006-01-25 2009-01-15 Yugenkaisha Japan Tsusyo Dome-shaped shelter
US7937897B2 (en) * 2006-01-25 2011-05-10 Yusenkaisha Japan Isusyc Dome-shaped shelter
US20100300010A1 (en) * 2009-05-27 2010-12-02 Maria Eugenia Vallejo Eco sphere

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