US2165028A - Television and the like system employing cathode ray tubes - Google Patents

Television and the like system employing cathode ray tubes Download PDF

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US2165028A
US2165028A US11186A US1118635A US2165028A US 2165028 A US2165028 A US 2165028A US 11186 A US11186 A US 11186A US 1118635 A US1118635 A US 1118635A US 2165028 A US2165028 A US 2165028A
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beams
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cathode
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Blumlein Alan Dower
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EMI Ltd
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EMI Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J29/00Details of cathode-ray tubes or of electron-beam tubes of the types covered by group H01J31/00
    • H01J29/46Arrangements of electrodes and associated parts for generating or controlling the ray or beam, e.g. electron-optical arrangement
    • H01J29/48Electron guns
    • H01J29/50Electron guns two or more guns in a single vacuum space, e.g. for plural-ray tube

Description

July 4, 1939. A. D. BLUMLEIN TELEVISION AND THE LIKE SYSTEM EMPLOYING CATHODE RAY TUBES Filed Ma'rch 15, 1935 2 Sheeis-Sheet l RECEIVER file/V2 3100mm" 85% I July 4, 1939. D. BLUMLEIN 2,165,628

TELEVISION AND THE LIKE SYSTEM EMPLOYING CATHODE RAY- TUBES Filed March 15, 1955 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 w 4P #1 m Patented July 4, 193a TELEVISION AND THE EIKE SYSTEM EM- PLOYING GATHODE RAY TUBES Alan Dower Blumlein, Ealing, London, England,

assignor to Electric and Musical Industries Limited, Hayes, Middlesex, England, a company of Great Britain Application March 15, 1935, Serial No. 11,186

In Great Britain 16 Claims.

The present invention relates to television and the like systems of the type in which a cathode ray tube is employed to reconstitute the transmitted image. The invention is particularly con cerned with cathode ray tubes for use in such systems.

Television and the like systems have already been proposed in which, at thereceiver, the transmitted image is reconstituted by means of a scanning device co-.-operating with a plurality of light sources which may be controlled by signals received upon asingle channel. The signals applied to any one of these light sources are out of phase by a certain definite amount with respect to the signals applied to any of the remaining sources. The several light sources are arranged in spaced relation to each other with respect to the scanning means, and the phase difierences between the signals applied thereto 20 are made such that reproduced images due to the several light sources are superimposed one upon the other.

Such arrangements confer the very considerable advantage that, without increasing the num- "25 her of channels of transmission, the intensity of the reconstituted image may be made several times greater than when it is formed by one similar light source alone. It will be at once appreciated thatthe use of, say, four modulated :50 light sources instead of only one results, other things being equal, in a fourfold increase in the intensity of the reconstituted image, for the same degree of definition. A similar intensity using only one light source could be obtained either 35 by reducing the scanning speed or by decreasing the number of elementary areas in the reconstituted image, or by decreasing both the scanning speed and the number of elementary areas, but in any case the definition in the reconstituted 40 picture would be reduced correspondingly.

Television systems such as those under consideration are known as multiple spot scanning systems, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a television system of this 45 kind in which a cathode ray tube is employed to reconstitute the transmitted image. The invention also provides a cathode ray tube suitable for use in such a system.

According to the present invention, a cathode 50 ray tube comprises a cathode, controlling means adapted to operate electrically to sub-divide a stream of electrons emitted from said cathode into a plurality of beams, and means for focusing said beams upon difierent points in a fluores- 55 cent screen associated with the tube, the arrange December 29, 1933 ment being such that the intensities of said beams may be separately modulated. in accordance with picture or like signals' applied to said controlling means. The latter preferably comprise a plurality of control, electrodes, each 5 adapted to be associated with a separate control circuit. By a control electrode in this specification is meant an electrode soarranged that it may serve to control the intensity of a cathode ray beam.

According to a feature of the invention, in a cathode ray tube in which a, stream of electrons emitted from a cathode is sub-divided into a plurality of beams, in which controlling means are provided for modulating the intensities of said beams, and in which means are provided for focusing said beams upon a fluorescent screen associated with the tube to produce a plurality of scanning spots, the arrangement is such that when the intensities of said'b'eams are separately modulated by like picture signals applied in suitable phase relation to said controlling means, the images traced out by the several scanning spots on the screen are substantially identical in nature and position. The controlling means preferably take the formof a plurality of control electrodes.

According to a further feature of the invention, in a cathode ray tube comprising a plurality of control electrodes, each adapted to be 80 associated with a separate control circuit, the control electrodes are spaced from one another in a direction transverse of and preferably at right angles to thelongitudinal axis of the tube, and means are provided for focusing electrons from the cathode upon a fluorescent screen associated with the tube, the arrangement being such that the position of the focus when the electron beam co-operates substantially entirely with one of the control electrodes is difierent from its position 40 when the beam co-operates with another of the A control electrodes.

According to yet another feature of the invention, a receiver for a television or the like system comprises a cathode ray tube of the kind specified in any of the three preceding paragraphs, having controlling means in the form of a 11.1-- rality of control electrodes, andmeans for applying controlling signals such, for example, as picture signals representing the light and shade values of the transmitted image, to each of said control electrodes, the phase of the signals applied to any one control electrode being difi'erent from the phase of the signals applied to any of the remaining control electrodes. Such means may comprise one or more delay circuits to which the controlling impulses are applied.

Reference will now be made by way of example to the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 shows in cross-section one form of cathode ray tube according to the invention,

Fig. 2 shows a form of delay network suitable for use with the tube of Fig. 1, and

Figs. 3and 4 show in cross-section two further forms of tube according to the invention.

Like parts in Figs. 1, 3 and 4 are given the same references.

Referring to Fig. l, a cathode ray tube comprises a glass or like envelope I having a frustoconical portion 2 and a cylindrical portion 3, one end of the latter being sealed to the smaller end of the frusto-conical portion 2, and the other end thereof being closed by a suitable foot s. The two portions are arranged with their longitudinal axes in substantially the same straight line, and the frusto-conical portion 2 is closed at its larger end by a suitably shapedglass plate 4, on the inner surface of which is provided a screen of fluorescent material.

An electron emitting cathode I is mounted upon the foot I; the cathode preferably comprises a thin wire of tungsten or the like coated with electron emitting material, and so disposed as to lie in a plane containing the longitudinal axis of the tube and to be at right angles to that axis. The cathode I is provided with leads I which pass through the foot. The control electrodes of the tube are constituted by fine parallel wires II to II arranged in a rectangular aperture in a screen II, the screen and the control electrode wires being insulated from one another and lying in substantially the same plane, which is preferably at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the tube as shown. The wires II to It may be replaced by rods'which are preferably flattened in 'a plane parallel to the longitudinal axis of the tube.

, 'Ihe control electrodes II to I! are arranged in front of the cathode 5, and are so disposed as to lie at right angles thereto. A suitable electron lens, comprising two cylindrical electrodes l1 and I2 adapted to be maintained at different high positive potentials with respect to the cathode,

,are provided for the purpose of focusing the cathode ray beam; upon the fluoroescent screen, and magnetic or electrostatic deflecting means are provided for causing the beam to sweep over the screen-under the control of electric scanning oscillations applied to the deflecting means.

- The deflecting means may take the form of two pairs of substantially solenoidal coils; the coils I, I of one pair are arranged one on either side of the tube l with their axes lying in the line It, which passes through the longitudinal axis of the tube, while thecoils of the other-pair (of which only one, numbered It, appears in the figure) are similarly arranged with their axes lying in a line at right angles to the line It. In operation, currents of saw-tooth wave form are caused to flow in the deflecting coils, the current in one pair being of the line scanning frequency, and that in the other pair being of the picture scanning fre- The leads H'" from the control electrodes pass to a source l2' of picture signals, such as a wireless receiver. Leads from the screen it and the electrodes l1 and i. to the exterior of the tube are connected to points at suitable potentials in a source of current ll' indicated generically by a-battery.

The control electrode wires II to it are insulated from one another, and each is associated with a separate input terminal (not shown). In operation, the screen i6 and the control electrode wires I l to IE are given a negative potential with respect to the cathode 5 such that substantially none of the electrons from the cathode are able to escape through the mesh formed by the control electrodes. The modulating impulses, such for example as the picture signals, are then applied to the control electrodes II to I5 in such a sense as'to cause their potentials to become less negative with respect to that of the cathode 5.

Let it be assumed that a picture signal impulse is applied to the control electrode II in such a sense as to make its potential less negative with respect 1 to that of the cathode; electrons escape from the one elemental area of the transmitted image.

The envelope of the cathode ray in these circumstances is indicated approximately by 2l. If now the potential of another of the control electrodes l2 to I! is reduced, electrons will escape in the neighbourhood of this electrode also, and will be brought to a focus on another point on the screen, also equal in area to substantially one picture dot.

It will be seem-therefore, that the fluorescent screen of the tube is scanned simultaneously by as many luminous points as there are control elements, and the arrangement is, accordingly, a multiple spot scanning system. The picture signals applied to the several control elements may, then, be given such phase relationships that the reproduced images are superimposed upon one another.

The control electrodes may be fed with the picture signals from tappings in a suitable delay network, the picture signals being applied to the 'input terminals thereof, and taken off from points in the network after suitable phaseretardations. One form of delay network,which will be described by way of example, is shown diagrammatically in Fig. 2 and comprises two input terminals 2| and 22 to which the picture signals are applied from a suitable source such for example as a wireless receiver; the terminal 22 is connected to a point 22 in a source of bias potential (not shown), while the terminal 2| is connected to a terminal II, which is connected in operation to the input terminal of the control electrode ll of the tube. Four pairs of coils, all of the same inductance, and all connected in series with one another, are connected between the input terminals 2| and 22. These coils are all indicated by the reference L, and the inductance of each coil will also be referred to as L. A condenser 24 of a capacity which will be referred to as C; is connected in shunt with the input terminals 2i and 22, andfurther shunt condensers 2|, 2!, 21 and 22, of a value which will be referred to as C1, are provided at the junction of the coils of each pair, while shunt condensers 22, II and II,

of a value which will be referred to as C1, are

provided at the Junctions between neighbouring pairs of coils. A lead is taken'frcm the Junction of each pair of coils with the adjacent pair to terminals l2, II and I4 respectively, and these terminals are connected in operation to the input terminals of the control electrodes l2, l2 and M respectively; a lead is taken from the end of the eighth inductance coil to a terminal which is connected in operation to the input terminal of the control electrode IS. The network is terminated by a resistance 32 of a value which will be referred to as R, such that and a condenser 33 of the value C3 is connected in shunt with the terminating resistance 32. The capacity C: is made smaller than C1 by an amount suflicient to compensate for stray capacity introduced by the control electrodes l2, l3 and I4, and the capacity C3 is made half the capacity C1, less an allowancenfor stray capacity due to the control electrodes II and IS. The delay introduced by one section (comprising a series inductance coil and the shunt capacity) of such a network is given by IF. g and the delay between two successive control electrodes is therefore twice this amount.

The control electrodes II to I5 of the tube of Fig. 1 may be so spaced that the distance apart of the portions of the fluorescent screen illuminated by the electrons controlled by adjacent electrodes is, say, two thirds of the width of one elemental area. If, then, It is the dot time, that is to say the time of scanning one picture dot at the transmitter, the network is designed in accordance with the equation The network is also preferably made such that its cut-oil? frequency is well above the highest frequency of the picture signals, so that the delay introduced is substantially the same for all picture frequencies.

It should be noted that the separation in time of theaction of the control electrodes of twothirds of the dot time is only chosen by way of example, and any other time separation may be employed as desired. Similarly, more or less sections of the delay network than the two shown and described may be connected between each control electrode, and the network may be of a type more complex than that described and capable of being worked nearer to its cut -ofi frequency without introducing appreciable differences in the delay for the various picture frequencies. Many suitable networks will readily suggest themselves to those versed in the art.

The electrode arrangement in the cathode ray tube described with reference to Fig. 1 is one of the simplest contemplated, and it will be apparent to those versed in the art that many other arrangements, constituting a plurality of electrode systems for producing a plurality of scanning spots on the fluorescent screen, may be constructed. It will be clear that in a tube comprising a plurality of separate electrode systems each producing its own scanning spot, certain electrodes of the several systems, such as the first anodes, may be united to form a single common structure, provided that the modulating electrodes are kept separate from one another so that the efiect of each is confined to its own electron beam. Such an arrangement is shown in Fig. 3, in which 34, 35 and 36 are separate indirectly heated cathodes arranged with their heaters in series, II, [2 and I3 are separate control electrodes, or modulators, i1 is a common first anode and I8 is a common second anode. The modulators H, [2 and I3 are of cylindrical form, each containing an apertured diaphragm H", I2", l3" respectively, andmetallic screens 37 are arranged to screen the modulators electrostaticaly from one another.. Provision is made for holding the screens 31 at a fixed low potential relative to the'cathode.

The anodes l1 and "3 are connected to points at suitable positive potentials in the'source of current 13',- while the modulators are earthed through suitable input circuits and the cathodes are connected together and to apoint at a suitable positive potential relative to earth.

The first anode I1 is closed at the end nearest the cathode by a diaphragm 38 having a number of slit-like apertures arranged opposite the apertures in the modulator diaphragms ll", l2", 3". The second anode l8 may be constituted by a silvering on the wall of the envelope of the tube.

A cathode ray tube according to this invention may be of the type described in co-pending application Serial No. 745,838. A tube of this kind is shown in Fig. 4, and comprises an indirectly heated cathode 5 of rectilinear form, a

cathode screen 39, an accelerator electrode 40, three separate control or modulator electrodes H, l2, l3, a-first anode "and second anode I8. The modulators II, 2, l3 have apertured diaphragms ll", l2", l3" and the cathode shield 39, the accelerator 40 and a diaphragm 38 at the cathode end of the first anode I! all have apertures which are aligned with one another and with the apertures in the modulator diaphragms. Screens 31 are provided to screen the modulators electrostatically from one another, and the second anode I8 is constituted by a silvering on the wall of the envelope. The apertures in the diaphragm 38 are preferably made wider in the direction in which the cathode ray beam moves in scanning a line than in the transverse direc- In the operation of such a tube, the accelerator 60, the first anode l1 and the second anode l8 are biased so as to accelerate the electrons from the cathode, the'modulators are arranged to serve as decelerators and the cathode shield 39 is given a potential equal to or not widely differing from the cathode potential. The screens 31 are held at a low potential relative to the cathode. Referring to the figure, the anodes H and I8 are connected to points at suitable positive potentials relative to the cathode in the current source I3, the accelerator 40 is also given a positive potential, less than the potential of the first anode, the cathode 5 and the cathode shield are connected together and to a point at a positive potential less than that of the accelerator, and the modulators may be earthed through suitable input circuits.

In cathode ray tubes such as those described, it may be found that the application of a signal potential to one control electrode (or modulator) may aifect the electron flow in the neighbourhood of adjacent control electrodes (01' modulators). This effect may be counteracted by applying to the adjacent electrodes signal impulses of opposite phase and smaller amplitude, and these reverse signals may be obtained from a delay network similar to that described with reference to Fig. 2, but fed with signals of the opposite phase. Alternatively, the wave form of the modulating signals may be so modified that a change in one sense in the amplitude of the signals isipreceded and followed by a slight change plished by applying the signals to three suitable delay networks, and combiningthe outputs therecathodes for emitting a plurality of separate beams of electrons, a fluorescent screen, a plurality of control electrodes each associated with one of said cathodes for separately modulating the intensities of said beams, screening means for screening said control electrodes electrostatically from one another, and two tubular electrodes common to all of said beams arranged one behind the other in the paths of said beams for focusing said beams upon diflerent points in said screen.

3. A cathode ray tube comprising a cathode, a cathode shield for sub-dividing electrons from said cathode' among a number of beams, a fluorescent screen, and, dispomd between'said shield and said screen, in the order named, means for accelerating said beams, a plurality 01' control electrodes for decelerating said beams and for separately modulating the intensities thereof, and electrode means common to all of said beams for focusing said beams upon different points in said screen.

4. A cathode ray tube comprising a cathode, a cathode shield for sub-dividing electrons from. said cathode among a number of beams, a fluorescentscreen, and, disposed between said shield and said screen, in the order named, means for accelerating said beams. a plurality of con-v trol electrodes for decelerating said beams and for separately modulating the intensities thereof, said control electrodes being associated with screening means for screening said control electrodes electrostaticaliy from one another, and electrode means common to all of said beams for focusing said beams upon diiferent points on said screen.

' 5. A cathode ray tube comprising a cathode, a

cathode shield for. sub-dividing electronsirom said cathode among a number of beams, a fluorescent screen, and, disposed between said shield and said screen, in the order named, means for accelerating said beams, a plurality of control' electrodes for decelerating said beams and for separately modulating the intensities thereof, said control electrodes being associated with screening means for screening said control electrodes electrostatically from one another, and two tubular electrodes common to all of said beams arranged one behind the other in the paths of said beams for focusing said beams upon diilerent points in said screen.

6. A receiver for a picture transmission system including a cathode ray tube comprising a cathode for emitting a stream of electrons, a fluorescent screen, a plurality of control electrodes for sub-dividing said stream into a plurality of beams and for separately modulating the intensities of said beams, and electrode means common to all of said beams for focusing said beams upon different points on said screen, a. circuit for receiving picture signals, a channel connecting each of said control electrodes with said circuit, and means arranged in at least one of said channels for changing the phase of signals passed therethrough relative to the f-phase of signals passed through another of said channels.

7. A receiver for a picture transmission systemincluding a cathode ray tube comprising a plurality of cathodes for emitting a plurality of separate beams of electrons, a fluorescent screen, a plurality of control electrodes each associated with one of said cathodes for separately modulating the intensities of said beams, and electrode means common to all of said beams for focusing said beams upon different points on said screen, a circuit for receiving picture signals, a channel connecting each of said control electrodes with said circuityand means arranged in at least one of said channels for changing the phase of signals passed therethrough relative to the phase of signals passed through another of said channels.

8. A receiver for a picture transmission system including a cathode ray tube comprising a cathode, a cathode shieldfor sub-dividing electrons from said cathode among a number'of beams, a fluorescent screen, and, disposed between said shield and said screen, in the order named, means for accelerating said beams, a plurality of control electrodes for decelerating said beams and for separately modulating the intensities thereof, and electrode means common to all of said beams for focusing said beams upon different points in said screen, a circuit "for receiving picture signals, a channel connecting each of said control electrodes with said circuit, and means arranged in at least one of said channels for changing the phase of signals passed therethrough relative to the phase of signals passed through another of said channels.

9. A receiver for a picture transmission system including a cathode ray tube comprising a cathode for emitting a stream of electrons, a fluorescent screen,: a plurality of control electrodes for sub-dividing said stream into a plurality of beams and for separately modulating the intensities of said beams, and electrode means common to all of said beams for focusing said beams upon different points in said screen,..a plurality of impedance elements arranged as a delay network, means for applying picture signals to said network, and connections from difier'ent points in said network to said control electrodes respectively. v

10. A cathoderay tube comprising means for producing a plurality of electron beams, means for separately modulatingthe intensity of each of said beams, a screen, electrode means common to all of said beams for concentrating the electrons in each of said beams upon a small spot each on said screen, said spots lying close to one another in substantially a straight line, and a single means common to all of said spots for causing said spots to scan said screen in a plurality of strips'lying substantially perpendicular to said straight line.

11. A cathode ray tube comprising a source of electrons, a plurality of control electrodes for subdividing said electrons among a plurality of beams, a plurality of terminals, means for connecting each of said electrodes and one of said terminals respectively, enabling thereby different controlling signals to be applied to each of said electrodes, a screen, electrode means common to all of said beams for concentrating the electrons arcacas in each of said beams upon a small spot on said screen, said spots lying close to one another in substantially a straight line, and a single means common to all of said spots for causing said spots to scan said screen in a plurality of strips lying substantially perpendicular to said straight line.

12. In a cathode ray tube according to claim 11, said cathode of substantially rectilinear form, said electrodes constituted by substantially straight parallel rod-like members, said members arranged in a direction transverse of said cathode and at right angles to the longitudinal axis of said tube.

13. A cathode ray tube comprising a source of electrons, a plurality of control electrodes spaced from one another in a direction transverse of the longitudinal axis of said tube, said electrodes sub-dividing said electrons among a plurality of beams, a plurality of terminals, means for connecting each of said electrodes and one of said terminals respectively, enabling thereby different controlling signals to be applied to each of said electrodes, a screen, and electrode means common to all of said beams for focusing said beams upon said screen, the position on said screen of the focus of electrons co-operating with .one of said electrodes being different from that of the focus of electrons co-operating with another of said electrodes, said foci all lying in substantially the same straight line on said screen.

14. A cathode ray tube comprising means for producing a plurality of electron beams, controlling means for separately modulating the intensity of each of said beams, a screen,- electrode means common to all of said beams for concentrating the electrons in each of said beams upon a small spot on said screen, said spots lying close to one another in substantially a straight line on said screen and a single means common to all of said spots for causing said spots to scan said screen in a plurality of strips lying substantially perpendicular to said straight line.

15. A cathode ray tube comprising means for producing a plurality of electron beams, controlling means for separately modulating the intensity of each of said beams, a screen, electrode means common to all of said beams for concentrating the electrons in each of said beams upon a small spot on said screen, said spots lying close to one another in substantially a straight line on said screen, and a single means common to all said beams for causing said spots to scan said screen in a plurality of strips lying substantially perpendicular to said straight line.

16. A cathode ray tube comprising a plurality of cathodes for emitting a plurality of separate beams of electrons, a plurality of control electrodes each associated with one of said cathodes for separately modulating the intensity of said beams, a screen, electrode means common to all of said beams for concentrating the electrons in each of said beams upon a small spot on said screen, said spots lying close to one another in substantially a straight line on said screen, and a single means common to all of said spots for causing said spots to scan said screen in a plurality of strips lying substantially perpendicular to said straight line.

ALAN DOWER BLUIVILEIN.

US11186A 1933-12-29 1935-03-15 Television and the like system employing cathode ray tubes Expired - Lifetime US2165028A (en)

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Cited By (21)

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US2426989A (en) * 1942-12-04 1947-09-09 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Radio detection system
US2445678A (en) * 1942-02-12 1948-07-20 Gen Electric Electric discharge device
US2678405A (en) * 1952-07-23 1954-05-11 Rca Corp Multibeam convergence controlling system
US2689922A (en) * 1951-11-28 1954-09-21 Hartford Nat Bank & Trust Co Multigun cathode-ray tube
US2726348A (en) * 1953-05-26 1955-12-06 Rca Corp Multiple beam gun
US2755410A (en) * 1950-11-29 1956-07-17 Motorola Inc Color tube
US2802139A (en) * 1953-05-30 1957-08-06 Int Standard Electric Corp Gun system for cathode ray tubes
US2847597A (en) * 1955-11-25 1958-08-12 Sylvania Electric Prod Electron discharge device
US2849647A (en) * 1954-03-04 1958-08-26 Philips Corp Color television reproducing device
US2858364A (en) * 1953-05-12 1958-10-28 Philco Corp Cathode ray tube systems
US2866125A (en) * 1954-02-09 1958-12-23 Philips Corp Cathode-ray tube
US2867687A (en) * 1954-09-15 1959-01-06 Gen Electric Cathode ray reproduction tube having auxiliary function of synchronizing signal separation
US2890378A (en) * 1954-12-23 1959-06-09 Philips Corp Method of and apparatus for positionselecting, scanning and the like
US2999185A (en) * 1950-01-09 1961-09-05 Harry R Lubcke Television device
US3011090A (en) * 1952-06-24 1961-11-28 Rca Corp Plural beam tube
US3013178A (en) * 1953-03-23 1961-12-12 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Focussing mask for cathode ray tube
US3024380A (en) * 1954-12-06 1962-03-06 Sylvania Electric Prod Cathode ray tube gun construction
US3278781A (en) * 1963-08-21 1966-10-11 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Storage tube flood gun with segmented anode
US3598032A (en) * 1969-11-14 1971-08-10 Stanley W Bohn Producing stereophotographs with a closed circuit television system
US3600510A (en) * 1969-07-01 1971-08-17 Us Navy Close viewing tv for simulators
US3621128A (en) * 1970-04-01 1971-11-16 Us Navy Periscope stadimeter simulator with video delay

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DE764009C (en) * 1939-01-17 1954-12-20 Hans Erich Dr-Ing Hab Hollmann Cathode ray tube for multiple recording
GB8415623D0 (en) * 1984-06-19 1984-07-25 Nixon W C Charged particle sources
GB2227911A (en) * 1988-12-10 1990-08-08 Ferranti Int Signal CRT brightness enhanced by multiple beams

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2445678A (en) * 1942-02-12 1948-07-20 Gen Electric Electric discharge device
US2426989A (en) * 1942-12-04 1947-09-09 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Radio detection system
US2999185A (en) * 1950-01-09 1961-09-05 Harry R Lubcke Television device
US2755410A (en) * 1950-11-29 1956-07-17 Motorola Inc Color tube
US2689922A (en) * 1951-11-28 1954-09-21 Hartford Nat Bank & Trust Co Multigun cathode-ray tube
US3011090A (en) * 1952-06-24 1961-11-28 Rca Corp Plural beam tube
US2678405A (en) * 1952-07-23 1954-05-11 Rca Corp Multibeam convergence controlling system
US3013178A (en) * 1953-03-23 1961-12-12 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Focussing mask for cathode ray tube
US2858364A (en) * 1953-05-12 1958-10-28 Philco Corp Cathode ray tube systems
US2726348A (en) * 1953-05-26 1955-12-06 Rca Corp Multiple beam gun
US2802139A (en) * 1953-05-30 1957-08-06 Int Standard Electric Corp Gun system for cathode ray tubes
US2866125A (en) * 1954-02-09 1958-12-23 Philips Corp Cathode-ray tube
US2849647A (en) * 1954-03-04 1958-08-26 Philips Corp Color television reproducing device
US2867687A (en) * 1954-09-15 1959-01-06 Gen Electric Cathode ray reproduction tube having auxiliary function of synchronizing signal separation
US3024380A (en) * 1954-12-06 1962-03-06 Sylvania Electric Prod Cathode ray tube gun construction
US2890378A (en) * 1954-12-23 1959-06-09 Philips Corp Method of and apparatus for positionselecting, scanning and the like
US2847597A (en) * 1955-11-25 1958-08-12 Sylvania Electric Prod Electron discharge device
US3278781A (en) * 1963-08-21 1966-10-11 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Storage tube flood gun with segmented anode
US3600510A (en) * 1969-07-01 1971-08-17 Us Navy Close viewing tv for simulators
US3598032A (en) * 1969-11-14 1971-08-10 Stanley W Bohn Producing stereophotographs with a closed circuit television system
US3621128A (en) * 1970-04-01 1971-11-16 Us Navy Periscope stadimeter simulator with video delay

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