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US2164764A - Method of making metal covered gaskets - Google Patents

Method of making metal covered gaskets Download PDF

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Publication number
US2164764A
US2164764A US5228535A US2164764A US 2164764 A US2164764 A US 2164764A US 5228535 A US5228535 A US 5228535A US 2164764 A US2164764 A US 2164764A
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Prior art keywords
blank
metal
wax
asbestos
gasket
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Claypoole Walter
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Texaco Inc
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Texaco Inc
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25DPROCESSES FOR THE ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PRODUCTION OF COATINGS; ELECTROFORMING; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25D5/00Electroplating characterised by the process; Pretreatment or after-treatment of workpieces
    • C25D5/54Electroplating on non-metallic surfaces, e.g. on carbon or carbon composites

Description

Jul 4, 1939. w. CLAYPOOLE 2,164,764

METHOD OF MAKING METAL COVERED GASKETS Original Filed March 2, 1935 INVENTOR BY 6% AW AA: ATTORNEY Patented July 4, 1939 UNITED STATES METHOD OF MAKING METAL COVERED GASKETS Walter Claypoole, Glenham, N. Y., assignor to The Texas Company, poration of Delaware Original application March 2, 1935,

Divided and this application November New York, N. Y., a cor- Serial .No.

30, 1935, Serial No. 52,285

2 Claims.

This invention relates to a method of making metal covered fibrous gaskets, particularly gaskets for use when unusually high fluid pressures and temperatures are being dealt with, such as in the treatment of hydrocarbon oils. The primary object of the invention is the provision of improved gaskets of this type which are compressible, which have no joints or overlapping seams and which will withstand extremely high pressures and temperatures.

This is a division of a copending application Serial No. 8,985 filed March 2, 1935.

It has been fairly common in the manufacture of metal covered gaskets to cut or stamp a blank 1 from some suitable fibrous material such as asbestos and then to mechanically cover this blank with relatively thin metal. The metal cover is usually preformed in two or more parts which parts are applied to the asbestos base and then held thereon by crimping the seams of the cover. A disadvantage which attaches to the use of this form of metal-asbestos gasket is the fact that the asbestos may not be completely enclosed by the metal jacket. This disadvantage becomes serious especially in large sizes and when the gaskets are used against high liquid pressures. It has been found that the liquid often finds its way through the seams of the jacket into the asbestos which soaks it up and may allow it to pass through to the low pressure side. Another disadvantage of this form is that the gasket being made of preformed parts is not sufficiently resilient or compressible when in use.

It has also been known to cover a stamped 5 asbestos blank with aprotective metal coating by electroplating the surface of the blank. The

finished metal coat, however, follows the con tour of the blank exactly and, consequently, lacks a desired smoothness of surface.

0 In accordance with the present invention a blank of some suitable fibrous material such as asbestos is first saturated with a wax of low melting point and then slightly compressed between suitable plates of the desired shape. After the wax has set, the impregnated blank is removed and dusted with graphite or other suitable electrically conductive powder after which the entire blank is electroplated. Once or more small holes. are then made in the edge ofthe metal coating and the gasket is heated slightly above the melting point of the wax. The liquid wax may thus be removed through the openings which are subsequently sealed by any suitable means.

For a further understanding of the invention reference may he had to the accompanying impregnated blank will thus be rendered smooth and flat and after the wax hasset the plates may be removed. Any excess wax on the edges of the blank may be scraped off after which the blank is ready for the plating process.

The entire surface of the wax impregnated blank is rendered electrically conductive by dusting with powdered graphite. The blank is then electroplated in the well known manner by immersing it in an electrolytic bath, the graphited surface of the blank forming the cathode. The anode, of course, will be formed of the metal with which it is desired to cover the blank, such as for instance copper, nickel or chromium. After the proper thickness of the metal plate l2 has been deposited on the surface of the blank the gasket will be removed from the plating bath and one or more small openings l4 may then be punched or drilled through the metal coating, preferably through the edge portion thereof. The gasket is then heated to a temperature somewhat above the melting point of the wax, whereupon the liquefied wax will flow out of the asbestos through the openings II. This operation may, of course, be assisted by the application of suction or air pressure. The openings 14 are preferably then sealed by any suitable material such as solder l6 and the gasket is ready for use. ,For purposes of illustration, only one of the openings I4 is shown in the drawings as sealed with solder l6. Due to the provision of p the openings 14 the wax is readily removed from the asbestos fibre without producing any deformation of the gasket, the parallel surfaces of which will remain flat and smooth.

Through the carrying out of this method a gasket will be formed which will not only be uniform in thickness but will have exceedingly fiat surfaces on both faces. Due to the removing of the wax saturant the body of asbestos will be porous and compressible thus rendering the gasket suitable for use at high pressures. The fact that the wax is removed also makes the gasket safe for use where high temperatures are involved.

Obviously many modifications and variations of the invention, as hereinbefore set forth, may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, and therefore only such limitations should be imposed as are indicated in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. The method of making metal covered asbestos gaskets which comprises saturating a porous blank of asbestos fibre with a wax of low melting point, slightly compressing the saturated blank between two flat plates until the wax saturant has set so as to providesmooth surfaces on said blank, removing said plates and dusting the entire surface of the blank with an electrically conductive powder, electroplating the powdered surface with a suitable metal, forming a small opening in the metal coating and heating the gasket above the melting point of the wax so that the wax will flow out of the asbestos fibre through said opening, and then filling said opening with sealing material so as to hermetically seal the asbestos.

2. The method of manufacturing a gasket which comprises impregnating a blank of porous material with a wax which is solid at normal temperature, compressing said impregnating blank between flat plates until the wax saturant has set so as to form smooth surfaces on the blank, coating the smooth impregnated blank with an electrically conductive powder, electroplating said coated blank with metal, and thereafter removing the wax from said blank by heating the metal coated blank to a temperature above the melting point of the wax.

' WALTER CLAYPOOLE.

US2164764A 1935-03-02 1935-11-30 Method of making metal covered gaskets Expired - Lifetime US2164764A (en)

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US898535 true 1935-03-02 1935-03-02
US2164764A US2164764A (en) 1935-03-02 1935-11-30 Method of making metal covered gaskets

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2967805A (en) * 1957-08-22 1961-01-10 Clarence W Forestek Resilient sealing means and method of making same
US3633926A (en) * 1968-04-29 1972-01-11 Clarke Chapman Ltd High-temperature seals
US5252365A (en) * 1992-01-28 1993-10-12 White Engineering Corporation Method for stabilization and lubrication of elastomers
US20040124688A1 (en) * 2001-12-21 2004-07-01 The Idea People Llc Portable vertebrae decompression device with adjustable height support
US6787489B2 (en) 2001-12-12 2004-09-07 Multisorb Technologies, Inc. Absorbent mixture and product
US20060141159A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2006-06-29 Yasuhiro Okuda Drilled porous resin base material, and method of manufacturing porous resin base material with conductive drilled inner wall surface

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2967805A (en) * 1957-08-22 1961-01-10 Clarence W Forestek Resilient sealing means and method of making same
US3633926A (en) * 1968-04-29 1972-01-11 Clarke Chapman Ltd High-temperature seals
US5252365A (en) * 1992-01-28 1993-10-12 White Engineering Corporation Method for stabilization and lubrication of elastomers
US7892987B2 (en) 2001-12-12 2011-02-22 Multisorb Technologies, Inc. Absorbent mixture and product
US6787489B2 (en) 2001-12-12 2004-09-07 Multisorb Technologies, Inc. Absorbent mixture and product
US20040209980A1 (en) * 2001-12-12 2004-10-21 Multisorb Technologies, Inc. Absorbent mixture and product
US7704899B2 (en) 2001-12-12 2010-04-27 Multisorb Technologies, Inc. Absorbent mixture and product
US20100171073A1 (en) * 2001-12-12 2010-07-08 Multisorb Technologies, Inc. Absorbent Mixture and Product
US20040124688A1 (en) * 2001-12-21 2004-07-01 The Idea People Llc Portable vertebrae decompression device with adjustable height support
US20060141159A1 (en) * 2003-06-06 2006-06-29 Yasuhiro Okuda Drilled porous resin base material, and method of manufacturing porous resin base material with conductive drilled inner wall surface
US8147911B2 (en) * 2003-06-06 2012-04-03 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Perforated porous resin base material and production process of porous resin base with inner wall surfaces of perforations made conductive.

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