US2162278A - Puzzle or educational toy - Google Patents

Puzzle or educational toy Download PDF


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US2162278A US14401137A US2162278A US 2162278 A US2162278 A US 2162278A US 14401137 A US14401137 A US 14401137A US 2162278 A US2162278 A US 2162278A
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Leopold F Galeazzo
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Leopold F Galeazzo
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    • A63F9/00Games not otherwise provided for
    • A63F9/06Patience; Other games for self-amusement
    • A63F9/08Puzzles provided with elements movable in relation, i.e. movably connected, to each other
    • A63F9/0876Bent wire or cord puzzles



This invention relates to a puzzle or educational toy, which is preferably stamped from sheet metal or suitable material or even bent from wire; and particularly to a type of puzzle which consists of three parts which is normally assembled and mutually engaged in such manner as to appear impossible of separation without forcing or breaking the puzzle apart, the puzzle being, however, readily taken apart by proper manipulation of the members.

The main object of my invention is to provide a puzzle or educational toy of the character indicated, which is capable of entertaining a person while simultaneously a degree of education in mechanical ingenuity and concentration is attained to a beneficial extent.

Another object is toprovide a toy of, this na ture which may be stamped and shaped from sheet metal or other material which is made in sheets, such as cellulose acetate derivatives, and the like. A further object is to produce a puzzle or toy of this nature which is very economical to make, and highly salable withal,

It is also an object of my invention so to make the indicated type of puzzle that it will be possible to apply advertisements and the like, to portions thereof, so that the puzzle may be used not only as a salable article, but also as an advertising medium.

It should also be mentioned that an important object is to introduce an interesting novelty which is capable of appealing to young and old of both sexes.

Other objects, and the various advantages of my invention will appear more fully in detail as this specification proceeds.

In order to facilitate the consequent comprehension of my invention to its fullest measure, the same is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which,

Fig. 1 is a semi-perspective view of a puzzle or educational toy, embodying my invention in a practical form.

Fig. 2 is another view of the same disposed in initial position for releasing or disassembling the main parts of said puzzle.

Fig. 3 illustrates the second position of the puzzlefo-r the same purpose.

Fig. 4 is a similar view showing an initially changed position of. a key member of the puzzle.

Fig. 5 illustrates a more advanced position of the key with the other parts substantially in the same position as before, and a still more advanced position of the key indicated in broken lines.

Fig. 6 shows the main parts in the same position as in Figs, 3-5 with the key fully pushed through a slotted portion disposed beneath the main member or the puzzle.

Fig. '7 illustrates parts of the puzzle immediately or just before being finally or completely released.

Fig. 8 is a plan View of the main or ring member of the puzzle.

And finally, Fig. 9 is a semi-perspective View of the other main member or bracket, with the key.

Throughout the views the same reference numerals indicate the same parts.

In the practice of my invention, a main puzzle member, generally indicated at l, which may be termed a ring member, comprises a generally horseshoe shaped portion 2, having the two side portions 3 and i, as well as inwardly extending members 5 and t, which is connected by means of a central loop i which extends inwardly into the inner space 8 within the ring member. This loop has an open slot 9 which is practically uniform in width and serves a purpose which will presently appear.

A second main member of the puzzle generally indicated at H], is preferably of horseshoe shape and termed a bracket, which is provided upon the inner sides of both ends it and 52 with up Wardly bent lug l3 and M, which are pierced by vertical slots or apertures 15, It, respectively. Bridging the gap between the ends H and i2 of the bracket member I6 is a key member l'l having a long and generally uniform shank '18 which passes through the apertures l5 and It in lugs 13 and Id, and terminates at the ends in a pair of, flat heads l9 and it, which are purposely made sufiiciently large to prevent these heads from passing through the apertures in the lugs of bracket It, which effectively prevents loss of said key member, or dissociation thereof from the bracket member. In mentioning the puzzle it might be stated that originally one .of the heads can be made narrow so that it may be passed through apertures l5 and i6, and when the key is thus assembled with the bracket member said narrow head can be hammered slightly so as to assume a greater width and thereafter be prevented from actually being withdrawn from said apertures by its acquired width.

If we now assume that the puzzle has an assembled aggregate appearance approximately as shown in Fig. 1 for example, there is of course, no suggestion in its appearance leading the observer to note how the ring member I and bracket member Ill may be separated and completely disassembled without violently wrenching these members apart. Nevertheless, if the ring member is held in one hand in the position indicated in Fig. 2, and the bracket member moved by the other hand so that one of the ends, as for example end II, is introduced into slot 9, it will thereafter be possible While guiding the bracket member so as to cause the lug M to envelop and pass in upon the elongated loop I, as shown in Fig, 3, until the bracket member has been drawn out into extreme position in which said lug l4 practically touches the end members 5 and 6; loop 1 extending wholly past the aperture IS in said lug [4.

If the key is then thrust inwardly until the head clears the inner end of loop I, it is a very simple matter to turn the key into the position indicated in Fig. 4, wherein the shank l8 of said key commences to enter the slot 9 at the outer end thereof. Then the key, upon slightly swinging down the outer end ll of the bracket member, Will slide to the extreme outer position Where the near head 20 is located well within the slot of loop 1, as shown in Fig. 5. If the outer end ll of the bracket member is raised, and the key pushed inwardly again, so that the head 20 passes them through slot 9 past loop 1, as indicated in broken line inFi'g. 5, it will be possible to turn the key so that .it'will be wholly disengaged from the slot and lie beneath the loop I and ends 5 and 6 of the ring member in lugs l3 and I 4 of the bracket member as illustrated in Fig. 6.

If, at this point, the bracket member Ill is merely pushed inwardly, while the end I! is allowed to slide beneath ends 5 and ii of the ring member, the lug M will easily slide 'ofi the inner end of loop 1 as initially illustrated in Fig. '7, whereafter the bracket member will be wholly disengaged and separated from said ring member.

In order to again assemble the parts a substantial reversal of the procedure which is described, is of course, carried out; and assembling and disassembling may be repeated as often as may be desired in the manner indicated.

It is quite obvious that the ring member and bracket member, as well as' the key, may be made of sheet steel or of any other metal, or of wire, or any practical material of the known plastics rounded into sheets and stamped or pushed out, and may even be made of paper or fibre. While I have shown the ring member as having a rounded portion 2 which is quite suitable for stamping advertising matter on the same, yet, the ring member may be any other closed form as long as the slot 9 and the loop I appear as part of the structure. In the same manner, the bracket member may have any other form, and in fact, either or both of these members may have square, oblong, hexagonal, octagonal, or have any other geometric outline as desired.

Manifestly, in View of the foregoing, variations may be resorted to and features used without others within the scope of the appended claim.

Having now fully described my invention, I claim,-

A puzzle or educational toy comprising, in combination, a flat sheet metal ring member provided with an inwardly directed projection extending rigidly into the open area within the said ring member, there being an open slot extending from the edge of said ring member splitting said inward extension along the greater portion of its length, and a fiat sheet metal bracket member normally linked with said ring member and having a pair of spaced free ends each provided with a raised perforate lug disposed upon the inner edge of the end at a right angle to the surface of said bracket member upon only one side thereof, the aperture in each lug being elongated in the direction of the upward extension of the lug and sufficiently large to allow the lug to he slid outwardly upon said inward projection, and said open slot in the ring member allowing an end of the bracket member to be initially introduced thereinto in order to slide said lug outwardly upon the same, there being a straight slldably mounted key member bridging the ends of said bracket member upon said one side thereof through the apertures in the lugs of said ends and terminating in flat imperforate head portions preventing loss of said key member from said lugs, said key member being capable of being turned in said lugs in order to have one of the heads introduced into the slot in said inward projection between the lug upon said projection and the inner end of the latter, and thereafter turned in the slot so as to drop through the same and lie in said lugs beneath said inward projection upon the ring member, so that it is subsequently possible to slide said lug inwardly off the inward projection and release said bracket member and key member from assembled relation with the ring member.


US2162278A 1937-05-21 1937-05-21 Puzzle or educational toy Expired - Lifetime US2162278A (en)

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US2162278A US2162278A (en) 1937-05-21 1937-05-21 Puzzle or educational toy

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US2162278A US2162278A (en) 1937-05-21 1937-05-21 Puzzle or educational toy

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US2162278A true US2162278A (en) 1939-06-13



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US2162278A Expired - Lifetime US2162278A (en) 1937-05-21 1937-05-21 Puzzle or educational toy

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5725214A (en) * 1996-12-23 1998-03-10 Adams; Martin Four horseshoe wire puzzle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5725214A (en) * 1996-12-23 1998-03-10 Adams; Martin Four horseshoe wire puzzle

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