US2158356A - Apparatus for oil well drilling - Google Patents

Apparatus for oil well drilling Download PDF

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Publication number
US2158356A
US2158356A US17583137A US2158356A US 2158356 A US2158356 A US 2158356A US 17583137 A US17583137 A US 17583137A US 2158356 A US2158356 A US 2158356A
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Prior art keywords
valve
oil well
drilling
drill
drill pipe
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Expired - Lifetime
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Joseph G Dyer
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Conoco Inc
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Conoco Inc
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Priority to US4074635A priority Critical
Application filed by Conoco Inc filed Critical Conoco Inc
Priority to US17583137 priority patent/US2158356A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B21/00Methods or apparatus for flushing boreholes, e.g. by use of exhaust air from motor
    • E21B21/10Valves arrangements in drilling fluid circulation systems
    • E21B21/106Valve arrangements outside the borehole, e.g. kelly valves
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7854In couplings for coaxial conduits, e.g., drill pipe check valves
    • Y10T137/7856Valve seat formed on or carried by a coupling element

Description

May 16, 1939. Jj G, DYER APPARATUS FOR OIL WELL DRILLING Original Filed Sept. 16, 1935 wt/g. 1.

INVENTOR BY das@ /mf AT ORNEY n Patented May 16, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT, OFFICE 2,158,356 ArrAaA'rUs ron on. wenn Damme Joseph G. Dyer, Ponca City, Okla., assignor to Continental Oil Company, Ponca City, Okla., a corporation of Delaware original application september 16, 193s, serial Divided and this application November 22, 1937, Serial No. 175,831

mm. (ci. c55-2s) Myinvention relates to an apparatus for oilwell drilling and more particularly to an 'apparatus for rotary drilling, using circulating oil well muds.

5 This application is a division of my co-pending application, Serial No. 40,746, tiled September 16,1935.

In drilling deep oil wells, the method employed` is by means of a rotary drill in which the drill cave in,'or Slough. The reason for this' action is' not known. It may be due to gelling action. It may be that it is due to release of the circulating pressure which normally is from 500 to 1500 pounds per square inch. In drilling operations through strata of heaving shale,'.if circulation 'is discontinued for any reason, there is great'danger of losingthe well which could be avoided by insuring continuous circulation of the oil well circulating uid. I

Continuous circulation ofoil well uid would be of great value in drilling in high pressure gas areas where, if the pressure is released by stopping the oil well circulating iluid, blowoutsmay occur. In formations which tend to cave, a continuous circulation of oil well fluid at all times will prevent dilculties.

In drilling, as the operation continues, it is necessary to add sections of drill pipe, during which time in th present method of drilling, thev circulation of the oil well iluid must be discontinued.' If the drilling is through a layer of heaving shale" the ceasing of oil well mud circulation is apt to cause and has caused the loss of the well through the breaking of the drill string due to the gripping thereof by the swelling of the heaving shale.

One object of m'y invention is to provide a means of drilling oil wells in which continuous uninterrupted mud circulation is maintained at all ltimes.

Another object of my invention is to provide a means of maintaining -oil well fluid circulation while sections are being added to the drill pipe.

In thel accompanying drawing which forms part of the instant speciilcation and in which like reference numerals are used to indicate like parts in the various views, l

Figure 1 is a diagrammatieview of a portion 5 of a drilling rig and a drill hole showing one form of apparatus capable of carrying out the method of my invention. 1

Figure 2 is a sectional elevation of a portion of the union used to connect two sections of drill 10 pipe, showing a short nipple to which is secured the valve assembly which forms part of the apparatus oi my invention.

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken along the .line 3-3 of Figure 2.

In general; my invention contemplates the provision of a union between sections of drill pipe through which oil well iiuid circulation may be maintained.

Referring nowmore particularly to the draw- 2O ing, a derrick I enables long sections of drill pipe to be lowered and raised through a tackle of which 2is the lower block supporting a swivel hook 3. The upper section of the drill string comprises a tube, square in cross section. This tube l is 25 adapted to be lowered through a square hole in a rotary table 5 so, when the rotary table is rotated, the squared length will be rotated. This square length is known as the Kelly. To the upperend of the Kelly is secured a connection 6 30 by means of a swivel joint 1. The drill pipe 8 is connected to the Kelly 4 by means of an assembly winch comprises a short nipple I0 which is secured to the upper end of the drill pipe 8, a valve assembly 9 and a short nipple 25 which is con- 35 nected to the Kelly 4. A similar short nipple 25 is connected to the lower'end oi each section oi the drill pipe. 'I'he 'oil well mud sump is showny at II.

In my invention, each valve assembly 9 is pro- 40 vided with a valve I2 and a threaded opening I3. The valve may be of any suitable type but is shown as a hinged iiap valve adapted to rotate around the pivot I4. 'I'he arrangement is such that the flap valve will normally cover the open- 45 ing I3 but may pivot to the dotted line position of Figure 2 to cover opening I5 which communicates with the drill pipe or Kelly through short nipple 25 into the screw threads IB. The iiap valve I2 is provided with a screw threaded ex- 50 tension 28 which is adapted to project into the threaded 4opening I3. A plug member 21 is adapted to be screwed on extension 28 as shown in Figure 2, normally holding the valve I2 in the position covering the side opening in the valve assembly. Normally, a quantity of lengths of drill pipe are assembled in the vicinity of the drill hole to form "stands of drill pipe. Each stand may consist of one, two, or three joints of pipe, depending upon the height of the derrick, length of the Kelly, type of drilling, and the like; 'I'he sections of the stand are joined to one another by means of the usual pipe union. which may consist of members and I0, screwed directly into each other. At the top of each stand, a valve assembly 9 is placed. It will be observed that the Valve body acts as a connecting medium or union between the Kelly and the drill stem.

Normally, oil well iluid circulation is malntained by pumping oil well mud fromthe sump II through pipe I1 through which the pump I8 takes suction. 'I'he pump discharges through valve controlled flexible conduit I9 which is normally connected to the member 6 `at the top of the Kelly, as shown in Figure 1. The mud passes down through the drill pipe 'assembly out through the openings in the drill bit 20, into the drill hole 2I where it flows upwardly and is taken out of the well casing 22 through a pipe 23 and is discharged into the sump II. It is understood, of course, Athat the Kelly 4, during drilling, is being operated by the rotary table 5. When the drilling has progressed to such an extent that it is necessary to add a new section of drill pipe, the tackle is operated to lift the assembly so that the last section' of the drill pipe and the union assembly composed of short nipple 25, valve assembly 9, and short nipple IIJ are above the rotary table. Short nipples 25 and I Il may be of any suitable construction known to the art for making union between sections of drill pipe. In this position, the drill string is supported by any suitable means known to the art.

The plug 2'I is unscrewed from the valve body and a hose 29, which is controlled by a suitable valve, is screwed into the screw threaded open'- ing I3. While this operation takes place, the circulation is being maintained through hose I9.

When connection is made, the valve controlling hose 29 is opened and momentarilyV mud is being supplied through both hoses I9 and 29. The valve controlling hose I9 is then closed and circulation takes place as before through hose 29. The Kelly is then disconnected and a new stand of pipe is joined to the top of the valve body, connected by screw threads I6. After the addi- 2,158,856 before drilling commences,-

tional stand has been connected, the valve controlling hose I 9 is again opened and momentarily mud is being circulated through both hoses I9 and 29. Then the valve controlling hose 29 is closed, which permits the valve I2 to again cover opening I3. 'I'he hose 29 is then disconnected and the plug 2'I is replaced and, before the union is lowered into the drill safetys sake, be welded.

It is believed the operation of my apparatus will be clear from the foregoing description. It is understood, of course, that many types of valve ,assemblies may be employed. The plugs 21 inserted in openings I3 are used for safetys sake since it would be disastrous to have the valve carried away in a section which was deep in the well. I

It will be understood that certain features and subcombinations are of utility and may be employed without reference to other features and sub-combinations. It is further obvious that various changes may be made in details within the scope of my claim without departing from the spirit of my invention. It is, therefore, to be understood that my invention is not to be limited to the specific details shown and described.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

A drill pipe coupling means including in combination a nipple adapted to be threaded into a hole, the plug may, for

length of drill pipe, a body member formed with an enlarged interior chamber secured to said nipple, said body member being formed with means adapted to secure it to another section of drill pipe, a valve pivoted within said chamber and adapted to be swung to positions transverse to and axially of said body member, said body member being formed with an axial opening providing communication through said chamber between the sections of drill pipe coupled by the assembly, said body member being formed with a transverse opening providing access between said chamber and the exterior of said body member, said valve being positioned in said chamber to be swung to a position alternately closing either of said axial or transverse openings, said transverse opening being internally threaded, a plug adapted to be inserted into said opening and interacting means carried by said valve and said plug for securing said valve in a position closing

US17583137 1935-09-16 1937-11-22 Apparatus for oil well drilling Expired - Lifetime US2158356A (en)

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2595715A (en) * 1947-01-28 1952-05-06 John H Poe Method of and apparatus for expediting the drilling of wells
DE1162788B (en) * 1961-04-15 1964-02-13 Atlas Copco Ab Connecting means to a hollow drill string for feeding rinsing and / or blowing agent
DE1163748B (en) * 1961-04-17 1964-02-27 Atlas Copco Ab Apparatus and method for continuous drilling or pulling a strand consisting of mutually screwable elements rotating drill string
US3170525A (en) * 1961-04-15 1965-02-23 Atlas Copco Ab Devices for supplying fluid to a drilling tool
DE1229931B (en) * 1962-09-12 1966-12-08 Well Completions Inc Duration circulating T-piece of drill pipe
US3298385A (en) * 1965-09-22 1967-01-17 Well Completions Inc Constant circulating coupling device
WO2005080745A1 (en) * 2004-02-20 2005-09-01 Statoil Asa Drill pipe header
US20060278434A1 (en) * 2005-06-14 2006-12-14 Eni S.P.A. Device and procedure for the insertion of a new drilling string-element into the drill-string of a well
US20090025930A1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2009-01-29 David Iblings Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
US20090205838A1 (en) * 2008-01-22 2009-08-20 Frank Benjamin Springett Wellbore continuous circulation systems
US20090242817A1 (en) * 2008-03-28 2009-10-01 Strazhgorodskiy Semen J Apparatus for uninterrupted flushing a well bore
US20100096190A1 (en) * 2008-10-22 2010-04-22 Managed Pressure Operations Llc Drill pipe
US7726418B2 (en) 2003-08-16 2010-06-01 Coupler Development Limited Method and apparatus for adding a tubular to drill string with diverter
GB2467176A (en) * 2009-01-27 2010-07-28 Bruce Mcgarian Apparatus for setting an anchor in a borehole
US20100252272A1 (en) * 2007-08-15 2010-10-07 Per Olav Haughom Apparatus and method to maintain constant fluid circulation during drilling
US20110067923A1 (en) * 2009-09-15 2011-03-24 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Method of Drilling a Subterranean Borehole
US20110155379A1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2011-06-30 Bailey Thomas F Rotating continuous flow sub
US20110203670A1 (en) * 2009-06-01 2011-08-25 Braddick Britt O Continuous fluid circulation valve for well drilling
WO2012066327A2 (en) 2010-11-16 2012-05-24 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Limited Drilling method for drilling a subterranean borehole
WO2012085597A2 (en) 2010-12-24 2012-06-28 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Limited Valve assembly
ITMI20131000A1 (en) * 2013-06-17 2014-12-18 Had Engineering S R L Device for ensuring the continuous circulation of the drilling of wells
US9051803B2 (en) 2009-04-01 2015-06-09 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd Apparatus for and method of drilling a subterranean borehole
US9249648B2 (en) 2013-02-06 2016-02-02 Baker Hughes Incorporated Continuous circulation and communication drilling system
US9284800B2 (en) 2009-04-03 2016-03-15 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd. Drill pipe connector
US9353587B2 (en) 2011-09-21 2016-05-31 Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc Three-way flow sub for continuous circulation
US9458696B2 (en) 2010-12-24 2016-10-04 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Valve assembly
US9506305B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2016-11-29 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Drilling method for drilling a subterranean borehole
US9664003B2 (en) 2013-08-14 2017-05-30 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Non-stop driller manifold and methods
US9909391B2 (en) 2013-06-17 2018-03-06 Had Engineering S.R.L. Device for ensuring continuous circulation in well drilling
US10006262B2 (en) 2014-02-21 2018-06-26 Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc Continuous flow system for drilling oil and gas wells
US10036227B2 (en) 2013-11-22 2018-07-31 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd. Pressure containment device
US10246958B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2019-04-02 Managed Pressure Operations Pte, Ltd. Valve assembly
US10344547B2 (en) 2012-10-18 2019-07-09 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Apparatus for continuous circulation drilling of a wellbore

Cited By (68)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2595715A (en) * 1947-01-28 1952-05-06 John H Poe Method of and apparatus for expediting the drilling of wells
DE1162788B (en) * 1961-04-15 1964-02-13 Atlas Copco Ab Connecting means to a hollow drill string for feeding rinsing and / or blowing agent
US3170525A (en) * 1961-04-15 1965-02-23 Atlas Copco Ab Devices for supplying fluid to a drilling tool
DE1163748B (en) * 1961-04-17 1964-02-27 Atlas Copco Ab Apparatus and method for continuous drilling or pulling a strand consisting of mutually screwable elements rotating drill string
DE1229931B (en) * 1962-09-12 1966-12-08 Well Completions Inc Duration circulating T-piece of drill pipe
US3298385A (en) * 1965-09-22 1967-01-17 Well Completions Inc Constant circulating coupling device
US7726418B2 (en) 2003-08-16 2010-06-01 Coupler Development Limited Method and apparatus for adding a tubular to drill string with diverter
GB2426274B (en) * 2004-02-20 2008-09-17 Statoil Asa Drill pipe header
WO2005080745A1 (en) * 2004-02-20 2005-09-01 Statoil Asa Drill pipe header
GB2426274A (en) * 2004-02-20 2006-11-22 Statoil Asa Drill pipe header
WO2006133826A1 (en) * 2005-06-14 2006-12-21 Eni S.P.A. Device and procedure for the insertion of a new drilling string-element into the drill-string of a well
GB2427217A (en) * 2005-06-14 2006-12-20 Eni Spa Valved pipe section for adding or removing drill string elements while continuing drilling fluid circulation
GB2427217B (en) * 2005-06-14 2008-10-15 Eni Spa Device and procedure for the insertion of a new drilling string-element into the drill-string of a well
US20060278434A1 (en) * 2005-06-14 2006-12-14 Eni S.P.A. Device and procedure for the insertion of a new drilling string-element into the drill-string of a well
US7845433B2 (en) 2005-06-14 2010-12-07 Eni S.P.A. Device and procedure for the insertion of a new drilling string-element into the drill-string of a well
US8016033B2 (en) * 2007-07-27 2011-09-13 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
US9151124B2 (en) 2007-07-27 2015-10-06 Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
US8720545B2 (en) * 2007-07-27 2014-05-13 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
AU2012203290B2 (en) * 2007-07-27 2014-04-03 Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
WO2009018173A3 (en) * 2007-07-27 2009-04-02 Weatherford Lamb Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
EP2415960A3 (en) * 2007-07-27 2013-11-06 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
EP2532828A3 (en) * 2007-07-27 2013-11-06 Weatherford/Lamb Inc. Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
WO2009018173A2 (en) * 2007-07-27 2009-02-05 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
US20090025930A1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2009-01-29 David Iblings Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
US20110155379A1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2011-06-30 Bailey Thomas F Rotating continuous flow sub
US20120061087A1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2012-03-15 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Continuous flow drilling systems and methods
US8627890B2 (en) 2007-07-27 2014-01-14 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Rotating continuous flow sub
US20100252272A1 (en) * 2007-08-15 2010-10-07 Per Olav Haughom Apparatus and method to maintain constant fluid circulation during drilling
US8590640B2 (en) 2007-08-15 2013-11-26 Baker Hughes Incorporated Apparatus and method to maintain constant fluid circulation during drilling
US20090205838A1 (en) * 2008-01-22 2009-08-20 Frank Benjamin Springett Wellbore continuous circulation systems
US8033338B2 (en) 2008-01-22 2011-10-11 National Oilwell Varco, L.P. Wellbore continuous circulation systems and method
US8201804B2 (en) 2008-03-28 2012-06-19 Semen J Strazhgorodskiy Apparatus for uninterrupted flushing a well bore
US20090242817A1 (en) * 2008-03-28 2009-10-01 Strazhgorodskiy Semen J Apparatus for uninterrupted flushing a well bore
US20100096190A1 (en) * 2008-10-22 2010-04-22 Managed Pressure Operations Llc Drill pipe
US8210266B2 (en) 2008-10-22 2012-07-03 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd. Drill pipe
GB2467176B (en) * 2009-01-27 2013-03-20 Bruce Mcgarian Apparatus and method for setting a tool in a borehole
GB2467176A (en) * 2009-01-27 2010-07-28 Bruce Mcgarian Apparatus for setting an anchor in a borehole
US8915296B2 (en) 2009-01-27 2014-12-23 Bruce McGarian Apparatus and method for setting a tool in a borehole
US9051803B2 (en) 2009-04-01 2015-06-09 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd Apparatus for and method of drilling a subterranean borehole
US9284800B2 (en) 2009-04-03 2016-03-15 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd. Drill pipe connector
US8672042B2 (en) * 2009-06-01 2014-03-18 Tiw Corporation Continuous fluid circulation valve for well drilling
US20110203670A1 (en) * 2009-06-01 2011-08-25 Braddick Britt O Continuous fluid circulation valve for well drilling
US20110067923A1 (en) * 2009-09-15 2011-03-24 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Method of Drilling a Subterranean Borehole
US8360170B2 (en) 2009-09-15 2013-01-29 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd. Method of drilling a subterranean borehole
US9416599B2 (en) 2010-01-06 2016-08-16 Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc Rotating continuous flow sub
WO2011085031A3 (en) * 2010-01-06 2012-04-12 Weatherford/Lamb, Inc. Rotating continuous flow sub
WO2012066327A2 (en) 2010-11-16 2012-05-24 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Limited Drilling method for drilling a subterranean borehole
US8684109B2 (en) 2010-11-16 2014-04-01 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd Drilling method for drilling a subterranean borehole
WO2012066325A2 (en) 2010-11-16 2012-05-24 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Limited Method of and apparatus for drilling a subterranean borehole
WO2012066327A3 (en) * 2010-11-16 2013-07-25 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Drilling method for drilling a subterranean borehole
US9506336B2 (en) 2010-11-16 2016-11-29 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd Method and apparatus for drilling subterranean borehole
CN103270242B (en) * 2010-11-16 2016-03-09 控制压力营运私人有限公司 For drilling subterranean wellbore apparatus and method
CN103270242A (en) * 2010-11-16 2013-08-28 控制压力营运私人有限公司 Drilling method for drilling a subterranean borehole
WO2012085597A2 (en) 2010-12-24 2012-06-28 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Limited Valve assembly
US9458696B2 (en) 2010-12-24 2016-10-04 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Valve assembly
US10107053B2 (en) 2011-09-21 2018-10-23 Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc Three-way flow sub for continuous circulation
US9353587B2 (en) 2011-09-21 2016-05-31 Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc Three-way flow sub for continuous circulation
US9759024B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2017-09-12 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Drilling method for drilling a subterranean borehole
US9506305B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2016-11-29 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Drilling method for drilling a subterranean borehole
US10344547B2 (en) 2012-10-18 2019-07-09 Managed Pressure Operations Pte. Ltd. Apparatus for continuous circulation drilling of a wellbore
US9249648B2 (en) 2013-02-06 2016-02-02 Baker Hughes Incorporated Continuous circulation and communication drilling system
US10246958B2 (en) 2013-03-06 2019-04-02 Managed Pressure Operations Pte, Ltd. Valve assembly
US9909391B2 (en) 2013-06-17 2018-03-06 Had Engineering S.R.L. Device for ensuring continuous circulation in well drilling
WO2014203153A1 (en) * 2013-06-17 2014-12-24 Had Engineering S.R.L. Device for ensuring continuous circulation in well drilling
ITMI20131000A1 (en) * 2013-06-17 2014-12-18 Had Engineering S R L Device for ensuring the continuous circulation of the drilling of wells
US9664003B2 (en) 2013-08-14 2017-05-30 Canrig Drilling Technology Ltd. Non-stop driller manifold and methods
US10036227B2 (en) 2013-11-22 2018-07-31 Managed Pressure Operations Pte Ltd. Pressure containment device
US10006262B2 (en) 2014-02-21 2018-06-26 Weatherford Technology Holdings, Llc Continuous flow system for drilling oil and gas wells

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