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US2156003A - Fastening device - Google Patents

Fastening device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2156003A
US2156003A US21321938A US2156003A US 2156003 A US2156003 A US 2156003A US 21321938 A US21321938 A US 21321938A US 2156003 A US2156003 A US 2156003A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
fastener
article
opening
fig
device
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
George A Tinnerman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ALBERT H TINNERMAN
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ALBERT H TINNERMAN
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F7/00Signs, name or number plates, letters, numerals, or symbols; Panels or boards
    • G09F7/18Means for attaching signs, plates, panels, or boards to a supporting structure
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F7/00Signs, name or number plates, letters, numerals, or symbols; Panels or boards
    • G09F7/18Means for attaching signs, plates, panels, or boards to a supporting structure
    • G09F2007/1804Means for attaching signs, plates, panels, or boards to a supporting structure for fastening to a post
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/918Threadless nut

Description

April 25, 1939- G. TINNERMAN FASTENING DEVICE Filed June 11, 1958 A R f I// III ATTORNEY 5 Patented Apr. 25, 1939 UNITED STATES FASTENING DEVICE George A. Tinnerman, Rocky'River, Ohio, assignor to Albert H. Tinnerman, Cleveland, Ohio Application June 11, 1938, Serial No. 213,219

7 Claims. (01. 85-36) V This invention relates to fastening devices and particularly to those that are constructed of sheet metal cold rolled metal and the like. The device has particular application in holding two articles together through the medium of a projection that either forms part of one of the articles or extends through an opening therein, and that projects into and through an opening in the other article. The fastener may be used in holding articles that are made of plastic materials, die castings or any other materials which are used in commercial practice'in many industries. Examples of articles with which the present fastener may be used are nameplates, drawer pulls or any article where access for positioning the fastener may be had principally from one side only of the device to which the article is intended to be attached.

An object of the present invention is to provide a fastening device which may be positioned upon a projecting portion of one article and inserted through an opening in another article and which will, by the act of insertion, automatically effect a locking connection between the two articles.

Additionally the invention contemplates a fastener which may be formed from a single thickness of blank material of such size and shape that the desired degree of flexibility and locking action may be obtained without loss or waste of material.

A further object is to provide a combination of article and fastening device by means of which the article and fastener as a unit, may be applied to another article through an opening and thereby result in an automatic locking connection therebetween.

Referring now to the drawing, Fig. 1 is a view partly in section and partly in elevation of two articles that are held in assembled relationship by a device that is made according to my invention; Fig. 2 is a section taken on the line 2-2 in Fig.- 1; Fig. 3 is a section taken through a modifled form of assembly construction; Fig. 4 is a section showing a modified fastener construction; Fig. 5 is a perspective view of still another modified form of fastener construction; Fig. 6 is a horizontal section taken through a stud to which the fastener of Fig. 5 is applied; Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a modified form of afastener, and Fig, 8 is a section taken through two parts that are held in assembled relationship by means of the fastener shown in Fig. 7.

The fastening device illustrated in the various figures is preferably formed from a substantially rectangular section of sheet metal, or strip stock in a continuous direction, as a result of which of the desired width. The blank is suitably slit and deformed to make the desired yielding and holding formations and is then shaped preferably to the form of a split'ring which is adapted to fit over a projection 5 that is formed on or asso- 5 ciated with one article 6 and is adapted to extend throughan opening I in another article 8 to effect a locking or holding action therebetween.

Referring now to Fig. l, the fastening device has a body ill in the form of a split ring with yieldable arms ll formed therefrom. Each arm preferably has a portion thereof extending outwardly, as at [2, and another portion extending inwardly as at l3, the inwardly extending portion being located adjacent the free end of the arm whereby a shoulder is formed intermediate the ends of the arm. The arms are yieldable with respect to the body and normally tend to spring outwardly therefrom, as a result of which, they are moved inwardly by engagement with the wall of the opening through which the fastener is passed and are then automatically moved outwardly to engage the article behind the opening thereby resisting movement of the fastener in a reverse direction through the opening.

The yieldable arms may assume various shapes and forms depending upon the particular use for which the fastener isintended; thus for example in Fig. 3, the arms are extended outwardly and an intermediate shoulder is not formed. In this illustration, therefore, reliance'for the locking action is placed upon the free ends of the arms which are intended to engage a rearward face of the article through which the fastener is passed.

To hold the fastener upon one of the articles prior to the insertion thereof into the opening in another. article, I prefer to utilize prongs or other suitably formed means integral with the body of the fastener for engaging the projection with suflicient gripping action to resist movement of the fastener axially of the projection. Thus in Figs. 1 and 2, the holding means-constitute prongs 20 that are formed in the ends of the blank from which the fastener is made. Again in Figs. 4 and 5, the holding means comprise prongs 25 which are struck inwardly from the body at spaced intervals.

In practice, the prongs or other holding means permit the fastener to be applied to the projection 5 by movement of the body in an axialdirection with respect to the projection but resist 'movement in an opposite direction. It is to be understood that the resiliency of the body tends to bind the holding means against the projection and that the diameter of the fastener is so chosen with respect to that of the projection, with which the fastener is intended to be used, that the fastener must be sprungoutwardly in order to fit it onto the projection. Additionally, the opening I in the article 8 to which the article 6 is intended to be attached has such relation to the diameter of the fasten r that the fastener arms will be sprung inwardly as the fastener is passed through the opening.

A further modification of the means for locking the fastener against an article is illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6 wherein the body has flared portions 40 formed adjacent one end thereof. These flared portions or wings are capable of being moved radially inwardly to permit passage of the fastener through the opening and of moving outwardly automatically at the completion of the inserting operation.

While I have illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, and 4, an article having a projection in the form of a stud that is formed integrally with the article and that is adapted to receive the fastener, it is to be understood that I may, if desired, make the projection separate from the article and extend it through an opening therein. Thus, for example in Fig. 3 I have shown the article 6 as having an opening, I therein through which amember having a shank 5| is adapted to extend. A head 52 on the shank engages the article so that application of the fastener to the shank holds the member firmly in place. Thereupon, the fastener and member, as a unit, may be passed through an opening in the other article in the same manner as that used where a molded projection is employed.

A further modification of my invention is shown in Fig. 7 wherein the fastener is provided with an abutment 30 which may take the form of a flange that is flared outwardly to engage one side of an article so as to limit the movement of a fastener into the opening in such article. in Fig. 8, the flange .is shown as engaging the front side of the article 8 while the arms ll engage the opposite side. This form of construction may be inserted into the opening prior the stud 5, wherefore the fastener is automatically held in stud receiving position on the article. Thereafter, insertion of the stud will automatically effect a locking action between the parts by virtue of the fact that the stud is of sufficient size to force the body open. vIt is to be understood that this form of fastener has holding means thereon such. as the prongs 20 which have been described in connection with the illustration 'in Fig. 1.

While I have illustrated and described my fastener as having particular value in locking parts together where access to one of them may be had from only one side thereof, it is to be understood that it is equally applicable for use in connected parts where access may be had to both sides of each part. The advantage of the fastener is that it effects an automatic locking action between the two parts merely by an axial movement of the fastener, and that where it is inserted through one of the parts it can be snapped into position in a simple and expeditious manner. The yielding characteristics of the body of the fastener, and of the retaining means associated therewith, not only looks the fastener to one of the parts but also locks parts together at the same time. Additionally, the yieldable characteristics prevent loosening of the fastener and of the parts notwithstanding the fact that the parts when in use are subjected to vibration. The device therefore has adaptation in automo-. tive work for holding various assemblies together and particularly for locking items, such as name plates, against removal by an unauthorized person. As applied to articles that are molded from plastic material, the fastener has wide application because it can be held securely in place with out requiring irregular formations in the molded parts.

I claim:-

1. A fastening device having a body, comprising resilient substantially cylindrical split ring, the body having resilient fingers formed therefrom intermediate the ends thereof, and having article gripping portions disposed between the fingers,

2. A fastening device comprising a substantial- 1y cylindrical sheet metal split ring having resilient fingers formed therefrom and'having article gripping portions disposed between the fingers 3. A fastening device having a body compris- 7 ing a resilient sheet metal ring having fingers formed therefrom and having portions thereof disposed between the fingers and having inward- 1y extending prongs disposed on at least one of the edges thereof,

4. A fastening device having a body comprising a resilient split sheet metal ring having axially extending fingers bent outwardly therefrom, said fingers extending inwardly adjacent the ends thereof, said body having portions thereof disposed between and around the ends of the fingers and having inwardly extending prongs at spaced intervals thereof.

5,. In combination, a part to be joined having an opening therein and another part to be joined having a stud of substantially uniform cross-sectional area throughout its length adapted to extend into the opening, a fastener in the form of a split ring disposed on the stud and behind the opening, the fastener having a gripping engagement with the stud, and yieldable arms formed from the fastener and having shoulders thereon insertable into the opening to hold the article and fastener in assembled relation.

6. In combination, a part to be joined having an opening therein, and a second part having a stud adapted to extend through the opening and to project beyond the other part, said stud having a substantially uniform diameter throughout its length, afastener in the form of a split ring engageable with the stud by movement of the fastener in an axial direction of the stud, the fastener being smaller than the stud but being resilient and adapted to be expanded for application to the stud and to be held thereon solely by the spring 'tension of the-metal, said fastener having yieldable fingers that are insertable into the opening in the first named part regardless of the thickness of such part whereby the parts may be held in tight fitting assembly.

7. A sheet metal fastener comprising a split ring of substantially cylindrical form having a radially exending flange adjacent one end thereofand having fingers formed integrally and ex- GEORGE A. TINNERMAN.

US2156003A 1938-06-11 1938-06-11 Fastening device Expired - Lifetime US2156003A (en)

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2593479A (en) * 1948-07-07 1952-04-22 Motorola Inc Electrical apparatus using metalized circuits and components therefor
US2603909A (en) * 1949-04-11 1952-07-22 B S Marble Chair Company Scuff plate for furniture
US2650516A (en) * 1950-02-01 1953-09-01 Illinois Tool Works Dash liner clip
US2709318A (en) * 1952-11-24 1955-05-31 W R Benjamin Co Toy construction elements
US2936668A (en) * 1956-09-17 1960-05-17 Gen Motors Corp Stud retaining spring clip
US3406734A (en) * 1966-07-11 1968-10-22 Vare Corp Sleeve type fastener for studs
US4286246A (en) * 1980-01-10 1981-08-25 General Electric Company Heat-up/cool-down bimetal timer for electric toaster
US4801230A (en) * 1984-02-08 1989-01-31 Elco Industries, Inc. Retainer for a fastener
US5197905A (en) * 1990-12-12 1993-03-30 Vdo Adolf Schindling Ag Contact sleeve for a measurement movement
US5342994A (en) * 1990-11-26 1994-08-30 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector for mounting to electrical enclosures
EP0742123A1 (en) * 1995-05-12 1996-11-13 TRW Occupant Restraint Systems GmbH Method for a safe fastening of an emblem on an airbag cover in a vehicle
US6612796B2 (en) * 2000-12-01 2003-09-02 Illinois Tool Works, Inc. Push-in fastener assembly with interfering element
US20040166708A1 (en) * 2002-10-30 2004-08-26 Kiely Kenneth M. Snap fitting electrical connector
US20050067815A1 (en) * 2003-09-25 2005-03-31 Eugene Dearden Airbag cover emblem attachment apparatus and method
US6916988B1 (en) 2004-07-12 2005-07-12 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with frustro conical snap fit retaining ring
US20060054341A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-16 Delbert Auray Snap fit electrical connector assembly with conical outer snap fit retainer and one or more internal snap fit wire retainers
US20060054343A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-16 Delbert Auray Snap fit electrical connector assembly with conical outer snap fit retainer and externally mounted internal wire retainer
US7045714B1 (en) 2004-07-12 2006-05-16 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with conical snap fit retaining ring
US20060141827A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-06-29 Delbert Auray Snap fit electrical connector assembly with operating tool for facilitating the connection of a connector assembly to an electrical box
US20060180331A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-08-17 Delbert Auray Snap fit electrical connector assembly with outer frustro conical retainer ring and internal unidirectional snap fit wire conductor retainer
US20060180330A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-08-17 Delbert Auray Electrical connector with snap fit retainer ring constructed to enhance the connection of the connector to an electrical box
US20060289194A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-12-28 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with outer retainer ring and internal unidirectional conductor retainer
US7214890B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2007-05-08 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector having an outlet end angularly disposed relative an inlet end with outer retainer ring about the outlet end and internal unidirectional conductor retainer in the inlet end
US20070163804A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2007-07-19 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector assembly with frustro-conical snap fit retaining ring for enhancing electrical grounding of the connector assembly to an electrical box and installation tool therefor
US20080053680A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2008-03-06 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Strap type electrical connector with frustro-conical retaining ring and improved clamping strap for either nonmetallic cables or armor or metal clad cables
US20080149388A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2008-06-26 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical duplex connector having an integrally formed connector body with a frustro-conical retaining ring and unidirectional cable retainers
US20090178845A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2009-07-16 Delbert Auray Electrical connector assembly with enhanced grounding
US20100163304A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2010-07-01 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Duplex electrical connector with frustro-conical retaining ring and crimped inlet end
US8350163B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2013-01-08 Bridgeport, Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector having snap in frustro-conical retaining ring with improved conductivity
US20170036617A1 (en) * 2015-08-05 2017-02-09 Nissan North America, Inc. Hitch cover assmebly

Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2593479A (en) * 1948-07-07 1952-04-22 Motorola Inc Electrical apparatus using metalized circuits and components therefor
US2603909A (en) * 1949-04-11 1952-07-22 B S Marble Chair Company Scuff plate for furniture
US2650516A (en) * 1950-02-01 1953-09-01 Illinois Tool Works Dash liner clip
US2709318A (en) * 1952-11-24 1955-05-31 W R Benjamin Co Toy construction elements
US2936668A (en) * 1956-09-17 1960-05-17 Gen Motors Corp Stud retaining spring clip
US3406734A (en) * 1966-07-11 1968-10-22 Vare Corp Sleeve type fastener for studs
US4286246A (en) * 1980-01-10 1981-08-25 General Electric Company Heat-up/cool-down bimetal timer for electric toaster
US4801230A (en) * 1984-02-08 1989-01-31 Elco Industries, Inc. Retainer for a fastener
US5342994A (en) * 1990-11-26 1994-08-30 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector for mounting to electrical enclosures
US5197905A (en) * 1990-12-12 1993-03-30 Vdo Adolf Schindling Ag Contact sleeve for a measurement movement
EP0742123A1 (en) * 1995-05-12 1996-11-13 TRW Occupant Restraint Systems GmbH Method for a safe fastening of an emblem on an airbag cover in a vehicle
US5775721A (en) * 1995-05-12 1998-07-07 Trw Occupant Restraint Systems Gmbh Cover for a gas bag of an occupant restraining system in vehicles
US6612796B2 (en) * 2000-12-01 2003-09-02 Illinois Tool Works, Inc. Push-in fastener assembly with interfering element
US6935891B2 (en) 2002-10-30 2005-08-30 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Snap fitting electrical connector
US6860758B1 (en) 2002-10-30 2005-03-01 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Snap fitting electrical connector
US20040166708A1 (en) * 2002-10-30 2004-08-26 Kiely Kenneth M. Snap fitting electrical connector
US20050067815A1 (en) * 2003-09-25 2005-03-31 Eugene Dearden Airbag cover emblem attachment apparatus and method
US7097199B2 (en) 2003-09-25 2006-08-29 Autoliv Asp, Inc. Airbag cover emblem attachment apparatus and method
US7064273B1 (en) 2004-07-12 2006-06-20 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with conical split snap ring retainer
US6916988B1 (en) 2004-07-12 2005-07-12 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with frustro conical snap fit retaining ring
US7045714B1 (en) 2004-07-12 2006-05-16 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with conical snap fit retaining ring
US7075007B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2006-07-11 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Snap fit electrical connector assembly with conical outer snap fit retainer and one or more internal snap fit wire retainers
US7057107B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2006-06-06 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Snap fit electrical connector assembly with conical outer snap fit retainer and externally mounted internal wire retainer
US20060141827A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-06-29 Delbert Auray Snap fit electrical connector assembly with operating tool for facilitating the connection of a connector assembly to an electrical box
US20060054343A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-16 Delbert Auray Snap fit electrical connector assembly with conical outer snap fit retainer and externally mounted internal wire retainer
US20060180331A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-08-17 Delbert Auray Snap fit electrical connector assembly with outer frustro conical retainer ring and internal unidirectional snap fit wire conductor retainer
US20060180330A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-08-17 Delbert Auray Electrical connector with snap fit retainer ring constructed to enhance the connection of the connector to an electrical box
US20060054341A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-03-16 Delbert Auray Snap fit electrical connector assembly with conical outer snap fit retainer and one or more internal snap fit wire retainers
US7151223B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2006-12-19 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Snap fit electrical connector assembly with outer frustro conical retainer ring and internal unidirectional snap fit wire conductor retainer
US7154042B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2006-12-26 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with snap fit retainer ring constructed to enhance the connection of the connector to an electrical box
US20060289194A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2006-12-28 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with outer retainer ring and internal unidirectional conductor retainer
US7205489B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2007-04-17 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Snap fit electrical connector assembly with operating tool for facilitating the connection of a connector assembly to an electrical box
US7214890B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2007-05-08 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector having an outlet end angularly disposed relative an inlet end with outer retainer ring about the outlet end and internal unidirectional conductor retainer in the inlet end
US20070163804A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2007-07-19 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector assembly with frustro-conical snap fit retaining ring for enhancing electrical grounding of the connector assembly to an electrical box and installation tool therefor
US20080053680A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2008-03-06 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Strap type electrical connector with frustro-conical retaining ring and improved clamping strap for either nonmetallic cables or armor or metal clad cables
US7358448B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2008-04-15 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector assembly with frusto-conical snap fit retaining ring for enhancing electrical grounding of the connector assembly to an electrical box and installation tool therefor
US8350163B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2013-01-08 Bridgeport, Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector having snap in frustro-conical retaining ring with improved conductivity
US20080277160A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2008-11-13 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical offset nipple connector with frustro-conical retaining rings
US7488905B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2009-02-10 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with outer retainer ring and internal unidirectional conductor retainer
US20090178845A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2009-07-16 Delbert Auray Electrical connector assembly with enhanced grounding
US7645947B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-01-12 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector with outer retainer ring and internal unidirectional conductor retainer
US7723623B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-05-25 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical duplex connector having an integrally formed connector body with a frustro-conical retaining ring and unidirectional cable retainers
US20100163304A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2010-07-01 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Duplex electrical connector with frustro-conical retaining ring and crimped inlet end
US7820922B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2010-10-26 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical offset nipple connector with frustro-conical retaining rings
US7952034B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2011-05-31 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Strap type electrical connector with frustro-conical retaining ring and improved clamping strap for either nonmetallic cables or armor or metal clad cables
US8119933B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2012-02-21 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Duplex electrical connector with frustro-conical retaining ring and crimped inlet end
US8143535B2 (en) 2004-09-13 2012-03-27 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical connector assembly with enhanced grounding
US20080149388A1 (en) * 2004-09-13 2008-06-26 Bridgeport Fittings, Inc. Electrical duplex connector having an integrally formed connector body with a frustro-conical retaining ring and unidirectional cable retainers
US20170036617A1 (en) * 2015-08-05 2017-02-09 Nissan North America, Inc. Hitch cover assmebly

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