US2155155A - Tie plate arrangement for railroads - Google Patents

Tie plate arrangement for railroads Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2155155A
US2155155A US690084A US69008433A US2155155A US 2155155 A US2155155 A US 2155155A US 690084 A US690084 A US 690084A US 69008433 A US69008433 A US 69008433A US 2155155 A US2155155 A US 2155155A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
tie plate
tie
ties
metallic
rubber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US690084A
Inventor
Theodore W Stedman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RESILIENT PRODUCTS Corp
Original Assignee
RESILIENT PRODUCTS CORP
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by RESILIENT PRODUCTS CORP filed Critical RESILIENT PRODUCTS CORP
Priority to US690084A priority Critical patent/US2155155A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2155155A publication Critical patent/US2155155A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B9/00Fastening rails on sleepers, or the like
    • E01B9/68Pads or the like, e.g. of wood, rubber, placed under the rail, tie-plate, or chair
    • E01B9/681Pads or the like, e.g. of wood, rubber, placed under the rail, tie-plate, or chair characterised by the material
    • E01B9/683Pads or the like, e.g. of wood, rubber, placed under the rail, tie-plate, or chair characterised by the material layered or composite

Description

April 18, 1939. T. w. STEDMAN 2,155,155

TIE PLATE ARRANG EMENT FOR RAILROADS Original Filed Sept. 19, 1935 mmw P F P S p INVENTOR I l i i 17ze0d0re WStedmm BY ATTORNEY Patented Apr. 18, 1939 UNITED STA E ES OFFICE TIE PLATE ARRANGEBIENT FOR RAILROADS Theodore W. Stedman, New York, N. 53., assignor,

by mesne and direct Products Corporation, New York, poration of New York assignments, to Resilient N. Y, a cor- 2 Claims.

My invention relates to a resilient tie plate adapted for railroad use.

My invention has particular reference to a tie plate formed from resilient or cushioning material, such as rubber material, hereinafter generically referred to as including such resilient or cushioning material, the arrangement being such that the tie plate has great durability, high effi ciency as regards cushioning qualities,and marked value in preventing decay of wooden cross ties.

Further objects, advantages and characteristics of my invention will become apparent from the following detailed description.

My invention resides in the tie plate, features, and improvements of the character hereinafter described and. claimed.

For an understanding of my invention and for an illustration of one of the forms thereof, reference is to be had to the accompanying drawing, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a tie plate as constructed in accordance with my invention;

Fig. 2 is a plan view of a section of a railroad track;

Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view, partly in elevation, showing my improved tie plate in operative position;

Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional View of my improved tie plate;

Fig. 5 is an enlarged plan view of my improved tie plate;

Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view, partly in elevation, showing my improved tie plate positioned on a metallic cross tie;

Fig. 7 is an elevational view showing a section of a single track; and

Fig. 8 is an enlarged vertical sectional view illustrating a modified tie plate arrangement.

In the art of railroad track construction, it is customary to dispose a metallic plate between the upper surface of wooden cross ties and the base of the rail. Certain advantages are. gained by utilizing a construction of this character although, at the same time, there are certain disadvantages incident thereto as well recognized in the art.

In accordance with my invention, I dispense with the metallic tie plate of the prior art and 50 utilize, in lieu thereof, a tie plate formed of rubber material, such tie plate including structural features substantially enhancing the life or durability of the tie plate and increasing the efiiciency thereof particularly as regards preservation of 55 the cross ties, elimination of abrasion and noise,

decreasing the wear on the rolling stock, largely eliminating the noise incident to traffic operation, etc.

Referring now to Figs. 2 and 3, T represents the wooden cross ties and R the parallel steel rails of a railroad track, the rail being secured to the ties by spikes S. The rails R do not contact directly with the ties T since, as clearly shown, tie plates P are disposed between the rail bases and the upper surfaces of the respective ties.

In accordance with the invention, the tie plates P are of suitable rubber material capable of withstanding the wear of pounding locomotive and car wheels. The rubber forming said tie plates P should be relatively hard but it should not be brittle to any substantial extent. For example, the rubber may be compounded with zinc oxide and/or carbon black, or equivalent, preferably without sulphurizing agents, but with accelerates and suflicient sulphur and age-improving substances to give good vulcanization and durability.

As shown on the drawing, the width of the tie plates P may be and preferably is substantially the same as that of the ties T while the length thereof somewhat exceeds the width of the rails R. In accordance with the invention, these tie plates, during the manufacturing operation, are provided with a plurality of spaced passages a through which extend the respective spikes S, the latter serving, as stated above, to secure the rails to the ties. These passages a may be located on the plates P in such manner as is suitable or desirable. Preferably, four of the passages a are provided and they are so positioned on said plates P as shown in Figs. 1 and 3 of the drawing that two of them are located adjacent one side of the rail and two of them adjacent the other side of said rail.

The herein described spikes S are of the same character as have heretofore been utilized for securing railroad rails to their supporting wooden ties. Such spikes S are substantially square in horizontal section and, therefore, in accordance with the invention, it is highly desirable that the passages a be substantially square in horizontal section to conform with the configuration of said spikes S.

Furthermore, it is also desirable and important that the cross-sectional area of the passages a be somewhat smaller than the cross-sectional area of the shanks of the spikes S immediately adjacent the head thereof or at the upper shank sections so that the movement of a spike S through a passage :2 causes the adjacent rubber material to be placed under some degree of compression whereby said rubber material, when the spike S is seated in position, tightly engages the shank of the spike immediately below the head thereof. It results, therefore, that the opening for each spike S is substantially sealed and, accordingly, passage of rain or other water longitudinally along a spike S into the opening formed thereby in the tie T is substantially or entirely prevented. This is highly desirable because preventing deterioration of the wooden ties T by action of water finding its way into the recesses formed by the spikes.

It is well known in the art that the pound of traffic on metal railway rails supported by metallic tie plates causes abrasion of the ties and loosening of the spikes so that, during continued usage, the spikes are held in or to the ties less and less tightly. By utilizing rubber tie plates having openings through which the spikes S, or equivalent, extend, the rails are resiliently supported and, accordingly, by virtue of this shockabsorbing medium, the loosening of the spikes is largely or substantially obviated. However, in the event that the spikes should become loose, the above noted sealing action of the rubber material on the spike shanks prevents entrance of moisture into the spike recesses and thereby prevents decay of the Wooden cross ties.

As clearly shown on the drawing and in accordance with an important phase of the invention, a reinforcing section M of metal may be associated with the tie plate P. This metallic section M may be a sheet of metal having suitable thickness which is embedded in said tie plate P and, if desired, the metal sheet may be corrugated or provided with prongs extending laterally into the rubber material. Where a metallic sheet is thus utilized, it may be provided with passages which, during the molding or manufacturing operation, are so positioned that, in the completed tie plate, they aline, respectively, with the passages a.

In accordance with the present preferred form of the invention, the aforesaid metallic section M is of mesh construction, the wires or members forming the mesh preferably being relatively heavy and suitably embedded in the rubber material of the tie plate. Such an arrangement is well shown in Fig. 5 which also shows one mesh opening symmetrically arranged with respect to and alined with respect to a passage a. of the completed tie plate.

Preferably, the aforesaid passages through the metallic plate M and the mesh opening last described correspond in cross-sectional configuration with that of a spike S. The cross-sectional area of said passages or opening; however, should be somewhat smaller than that of a spike S immediately below the head thereof. Accordingly, when the spike is passed through the tie plate reinforced with the described metal section and driven home into the tie, it results that the metallic reinforcing section grips and tightly engages said spike.

Numerous advantages flow from the provision of a metallic reinforcement M of the character described above. A member of this character increases the compressional resistance to the traffic load as applied downwardly in substantially a vertical direction. The tensile strength of the tie plate is thereby greatly increased to correspondingly increase the resistance set up by the rubber material of the tie plate to a spreading action under the influence of the vehicular load. Furthermore, the provision of said metallic reinforcement M serves to more firmly anchor the spikes S in their driven position to thereby prevent track spreadage.

In addition to or in lieu of the above noted metallic reinforcing section M, there may be utilized a reinforcement F formed in suitable manner from fabric strands. This reinforcement F may be either of the fabric or cord type such as is well known to the art of constructing automobile tires and it should be disposed preferably layerwise in the rubber material. The fabric strand reinforcement F functions in generally the same manner as the metallic section M to retain the rubber material of the tie plate in its proper and intended configuration while subjected to the stresses incident to trafiic operation.

In Fig. 2, the wooden cross ties T are shown as disposed in spaced, parallel relation with the rails R extending longitudinally thereof. Each tie T is equipped with two of my novel tie plates P which are disposed, respectively, adjacent opposite ends of said tie and upon which the rails R are supported in the manner hereinbefore described.

In Figs. 6 and '7, metallic cross ties TI of I- beam configuration are utilized in lieu of the wooden ties T and the rails R. are secured to those ties TI by bolts SI having the same office as the above described spikes S. As shown, the novel tie plates of my invention are utilized with the metallic cross tie arrangement of Figs. 6 and '7, said tie plates being disposed between the otherwise contacting metal surfaces of the cross ties and rails.

When metal cross ties are utilized, the sealing action of the rubber material to the spike S or bolt SI assumes less importance than with wooden cross ties. However, where non-yielding surfaces such as metal ties and metal rails are employed, it becomes extremely important to provide a flexible cushion between them and this, in accordance with the invention, is accomplished by the utilization of my novel tie plates.

It shall be understood that the invention is not to be limited to the utilization of .either wooden or metallic material for the cross ties. Obviously, for this purpose, any other suitable material such as concrete, reinforced or otherwise, may beemployed. Therefore, in the appended claims, the reference to a supporting cross tie shall be understood as generically comprehending or including the ordinary wooden cross ties, metal cross ties or supports, concrete supports, and equivalent rail supporting arrangements.

When the novel tie plates of my invention are secured by bolts SI to metallic or concrete cross ties, as distinguished from wooden cross ties, the passages a through the tie plates (including the passages through the metallic reinforcement M) may be smaller in cross-sectional area than that of the bolts SI so that said bolts are gripped by the tie plate in substantially the same manner as hereinbefore described in connection with the spikes S. However, as illustrated in Figs. 6, 7 and 8, in a more preferred arrangement, there is utilized a metallic sleeve N which is disposed longitudinally in each of the tie plate passages a, these sleeves being secured to the rubber tie plate material in any suitable manner. For example, the interior diameter of the passages a, including the passages through the metallic reinforcement M, may be somewhat smaller than the exterior diameter of the sleeves N and therefore, said sleeves N are held in position by pressure of the rubber material.

The interior diameter of the sleeves N should be slightly greater than the exterior diameter of the bolts SI whereby said bolts pass freely therethrough. The sleeves N are provided principally so as to insure that the reinforcing material shall not project into the tie plate passages a. If this should happen, free movement of the bolts SI through the tie plate passages might be prevented and this, of course, would be objectionable.

In Fig. 7, I have shown a section of track which comprises the rails RI and R2 disposed in abutting relation and secured together by plates U and bolts V, said rails being supported either by wooden, concrete or, as illustrated, I-beam steel cross ties TI, and said rails being secured to the cross ties by bolts SI. A tie plate P as constructed in accordance with my invention is disposed on the upper surface of each cross tie for the resilient support of the rails RI and R2.

As illustrated, the joint between the rails RI and R2 is disposed immediately above one of the cross ties TI which, as stated, is cushioned by a tie plate P. Due to the resilient character of said tie plate, an arrangement of this character becomes practical and, therefore, in accordance with my invention, it is unnecessary to break joints between cross ties as customarily practiced in the prior art.

Under some circumstances, it may be desirable to provide a tie plate arrangement for each cross tie which comprises, for example, the usual metal tie plate of the prior art and one of the novel rubber ties plates as disclosed herein. For example, my novel tie plate may be disposed in engagement With the cross tie surface, the metallic tie plate being supported thereon, and the rail resting upon said metallic tie plate.

In view of all the foregoing, it becomes obvious that the utilization of my novel tie plates prevents wear and tear, to great extent, on railway rolling stock and roadbeds. Abrasion and decay of wooden ties at the spike holes is substantially prevented and shocks are taken up at points and crossings. Noise is greatly reduced in subway and elevated operation and there is more physical comfort for passengers. All of these and various other advantages are characteristic of my invention.

While the invention has been described with respect to certain particular preferred examples which give satisfactory results, it will be understood by those skilled in the art after understanding the invention, that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention and it is intended therefore in the appended claims to cover all such changes and modifications.

What is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:

1. In a tie plate arrangement adapted to cushion the impact of a railroad rail on its supporting cross tie, a member formed from rubber-like ma terial and having pre-formed openings through which are adapted to extend the respective elongated members securing the rail to its cross tie, the lateral dimensions of said openings being smaller than the lateral sectional area of said elongated members at their upper shank sections whereby the latter are tightly gripped by and sealed to said member.

2. In a tie plate arrangement adapted to cushion the impact of a railroad rail on its supporting cross tie, a member formed from rubber-like material and having pre-formed openings through which are adapted to extend the respective elongated members securing the rail to its cross tie, the lateral dimensions of said openings being smaller than the lateral sectional area of said elongated members at their upper shank sections whereby the latter are tightly gripped by and sealed to said member, and sheet-like reinforcing means disposed in the plane of said member and embedded in the rubber-like material forming the same, said reinforcing means substantially increasing the compressional resistance and the tensile strength resistant to spreading of said member when subjected to the weight of traffic.

THEODORE W. STEDMAN.

US690084A 1933-09-19 1933-09-19 Tie plate arrangement for railroads Expired - Lifetime US2155155A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US690084A US2155155A (en) 1933-09-19 1933-09-19 Tie plate arrangement for railroads

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US690084A US2155155A (en) 1933-09-19 1933-09-19 Tie plate arrangement for railroads

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2155155A true US2155155A (en) 1939-04-18

Family

ID=24771009

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US690084A Expired - Lifetime US2155155A (en) 1933-09-19 1933-09-19 Tie plate arrangement for railroads

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2155155A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2421602A (en) * 1944-01-15 1947-06-03 Louis J O Malley Expansion repair plate for worn railway ties
US2424916A (en) * 1943-08-26 1947-07-29 Firestone Tire & Rubber Co Base plate for frogs and crossings
US2553010A (en) * 1949-09-29 1951-05-15 Tom W Saul Railway rail mounting with tie shield
DE1094781B (en) * 1958-07-26 1960-12-15 Midwest Rubber Reclaiming Comp Elastic shim for the rail superstructure
US3189279A (en) * 1962-09-24 1965-06-15 Kins Developments Ltd Mounting means for rails

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2424916A (en) * 1943-08-26 1947-07-29 Firestone Tire & Rubber Co Base plate for frogs and crossings
US2421602A (en) * 1944-01-15 1947-06-03 Louis J O Malley Expansion repair plate for worn railway ties
US2553010A (en) * 1949-09-29 1951-05-15 Tom W Saul Railway rail mounting with tie shield
DE1094781B (en) * 1958-07-26 1960-12-15 Midwest Rubber Reclaiming Comp Elastic shim for the rail superstructure
US3189279A (en) * 1962-09-24 1965-06-15 Kins Developments Ltd Mounting means for rails

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3469783A (en) Railroad crossing
US1632395A (en) Resilient wearing surface
US2950057A (en) Rail crossing
US3156168A (en) Grating
US1302275A (en) Roller for finishing and smoothing cement and concrete pavements.
US1853166A (en) Tie plate
US2052984A (en) Trussed-sheet construction
US3866830A (en) Elastomeric railroad crossing structure
US2076019A (en) Tie plate
US3289940A (en) Synthetic railway tie
US4009827A (en) Flexible, resilient, and wear resistant railroad crossing structure
US2094279A (en) Rubber rail seat
WO1998041690A1 (en) Rail pads
US2719452A (en) Longitudinally elastic rail spike
EP0154259B1 (en) Crosstie
US5464153A (en) Railroad rail support and process for manufacture
US3353747A (en) Railway crossing
US3132604A (en) Conveyance construction
US2441193A (en) Wheel stop
US2327035A (en) Buffer stem sleeve
BE1009805A5 (en) Traverse way for railway.
US4260105A (en) Railroad tie plate and correctable shim
US1435074A (en) Means for mounting rails on concrete foundations
US4828172A (en) Tie plate rail fastening system
US1045741A (en) Reinforced-concrete railway-tie.