US2151438A - Clipper - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2151438A
US2151438A US108569A US10856936A US2151438A US 2151438 A US2151438 A US 2151438A US 108569 A US108569 A US 108569A US 10856936 A US10856936 A US 10856936A US 2151438 A US2151438 A US 2151438A
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United States
Prior art keywords
tape
cutter
bag
detector
bags
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Expired - Lifetime
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US108569A
Inventor
Robert E Pierce
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Bemis Brothers Bag Co
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Bemis Brothers Bag Co
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Publication date
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Priority to US108569A priority Critical patent/US2151438A/en
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Publication of US2151438A publication Critical patent/US2151438A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D05SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05BSEWING
    • D05B13/00Machines for sewing sacks
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/869Means to drive or to guide tool
    • Y10T83/8769Cutting tool operative in opposite directions of travel

Description

3 1 3 9 GEE-03s REFERENCE SEARCH ROOM March 21, 1939. R. E. PIERCE 2,151,438
CLIPPER Filed Oct. 31, 1956 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 a3 FICH. 75- 1;
Patented Mar. 21, 1939 CLIPPER Robert E. Pierce, St. Louis, Mo., assignor to Bemis Bro. Bag 00., St. Louis, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Application October 31, 1936, Serial No. 108,569
5 Claims.
This invention relates to clippers or tape cutters, and with regard to certain more specific features, to a clipper for use on apparatus which with a continuous length of material joins a plurality of articles which are thereafter to be sep arated, as for example apparatus which continuously tapes shut the open mouths of successive, filled bags or the like.
This invention is an improvement upon the apparatus disclosed in United States Patent 1,796,- 494, issued to C. S. Thompson on March 17, 1931.
Among the several objects of the invention may be noted the provision of an automatic tape cutter fortaping machines in which continuous tape is applied successively to the open mouths of filled bags. such bags either being applied to the machine manually and therefore at irregular intervals, or applied at regular intervals; the provision of a tape cutter of the class described which only twice cuts the variable or invariable length of tape between successive bags, one out being near the back of a preceding bag and one out being close to the front of a succeeding bag; the provision of a tape cutter of the class described which will not cut the intervening length of tape between bags into more than one length; and the provision of apparatus of the class described which is simple in form and in operation. Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.
The invention accordingly comprises the elements and combinations of elements, features of construction, and arrangements of parts which will be exemplified in the structures hereinafter described and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the following claims.
In the accompanying drawings, in which is 11- lustrated one of various posible embodiments of the invention,
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a taping machine, showing the invention applied thereto, parts being broken away for clarity;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary, enlarged, left-end view of Fi 1;
Fig. 3 is a further enlarged view of the cutter elements of Fig. 2, the cutter being shown in an alternative position, the view being also a section taken on line 3--3 of Fig. 5;
Fig. 4 is a horizontal section taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is an enlarged, front elevation of the cutter parts of Fig. 1; and,
Fig. 6 is a wiring diagram.
Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawings.
Referring now more particularly to Fig. 1, there is shown at numeral I a supporting base for a motor 3, which, through a drive 5 moves a 5 counter-shaft I supported on the other end of base I. The countershaft I has a drive 9 for actuating a mechanism II which drives a belt I3 for operating the sewing head to be described. The
counter-shaft I also operates a speed-reducing m mechanism I5, which, through drive 2, drives a conveyor I! for the purpose of advancing the filled bags I9. A support 2| holds the bags in upright position as they are moved by the conveyor.
On the base I is supported a hollow column 23 15 which carries a vertically adjustable bracket 25 (Fig. 2) The bracket 25 is connected to a coun-,/ ter-weight 21 in the column (Fig. 1). The connection is made by means of a rope 29 looped twice about a pulley 3|, the latter being on a con- 20 trol shaft operable by a hand wheel 33. The bracket 25 carries guides 35 upon which is located a slidable keystone plate 31 adapted to be locked in position by locking clamps 39.
Ordinarily, there is mounted directly on the 25 keystone plate 31 a sewing machine head M, to be particularized hereinafter. The attachment herein described is made directly to said keystone plate 31, and said sewing machine head is then applied over the attachment.
The said sewing machine head M is of known type and is driven in any of its vertically adjusted positions by means of a belt I3 which is driven from said drive I I. The belt I3 passes over aligning idlers 45 attached to the bracket 25, and then 35 over the driven pulley 47. By this means the sewing machine head 4I may be driven to operate at any of various elevations of the bracket 25. A suitable control mechanism 49 (Fig. 1) is used for starting the drive I I and the conveyor I1. In 40 one position of the control 49, the sewing machine head M and the conveyor are simultaneously energized.
The above broadly outlined structure has already been described in more detail in said pat- 45 out above mentioned, and further details will not be repeated herein.
The invention per se comprises a tape cutting attachment to be applied between the sewing machine head 4I and the keystone plate 31.
At numeral 5| is shown a sub-base which is held between said keystone plate 31 and the sewing machine head 4I, suitable bolts passing from the sewing machine head, through the sub-base 55 5| and to the keystone plate, thereby clamping the head in place.
The sub-base 5| is extended to form a bracket 63. The bracket 53 extends in the direction opposite to the advance of the bag on the conveyor and this will be referred to hereinafter as being to the right. This bracket 53 supports a folder 55. The folder is attached to the bracket 53 by means of bolts and double slot adjustments 51, the adjustment being both longitudinal and vertical and independent, whereby the folder 55 may be elevated, depressed, moved backward and forward and longitudinally angled for best operation.
The folder 55 comprises a pair of channelforming members 59 providing a converging form adapted to receive a horizontal, flat strip of tape 53 and to fold the same over the mouth of an advancing bag I9. The tape, as shown, folds over the juxtaposed sides of a bag mouth 65, said sides traversing the interior of the folder by reason of the action of the conveyor I1 in moving the bag together with the action of the feeder on the sewing machine. The adjustment of the elevation of the folder 55 is such that the bag mouth, when the sides are brought together tends naturally to push up under the folder.
The tape 63 enters the folder over an idling roller 61 which is rotatable on the inlet end of the folder 55. The tape 63 is fed to the idler 61 from a supply roll 69 on a bracket H, the latter being held in a socket 13 of the sub-base 5|. A frictional tensioning device 15 serves to prevent undesirable unravelling of the tape.
In Fig. 1 is shown means for applying adhesive to the side of the tape I53-which is to become the inside of the subsequent fold. This comprises an adhesive well II 5 supported on the bracket 53 and extending over the folder 55. This well carries bearings II1 for rotatably supporting a roll II9. An idler I2I is used for bringing one side of the tape 63 into contact with the roll I I9. Between the roll H9 and the idler 61 the tape is given a half twist I23 so that the adhesive side will be down after the idler 61 is passed and the dry side against idler 61. Thus, the adhesive side of the tape is presented to the material of the bag mouth as it enters the folder.
It will be understood that the adhesive applicator may be eliminated and the tape threaded directly from the roll 69 to the idler 61. In this case dependence for closing the bag mouth is,
placed upon stitching only instead of adhesive and stitching, as above indicated. 0r, attachment may be made by adhesion only, and without sewing, so far as the present invention is concerned.
In order that the tape may be properly pressed to the bag mouth as the combination of tape and bag mouth leaves the folder 55, there is provided a pressure leaf spring I I3 which extends into the open space beneath the extension I91 of the folder 55 and positioned just ahead of the presser foot of the sewing machine head 4|. By this means the bag mouth with the folded tape, which is presented beneath the presser foot of the sewing machine, is in a flat condition, so that proper sewing may be carried out at that point. After sewing, the bag passes on to the remainder of the apparatus.
At the left of the sub-base 5| is attached a bracket 11 which carries a switch box 19. This bracket 11 is also formed with a V notch 8| through which passes the folded and sewn tape 63. Attached to the bracket 11 and adjacent the notch 8| and on the left end thereof is a hardened cutter plate 83 having a cutting notch 85.
Rotatably borne on a stud 81 is a swinging, double-acting cutter support 89 which carries a hardened blade 9| for fiat cooperation with the cutter plate 83. The knife 9I is double-edged, as shown at numerals 93 and 95, so that it may cut both on a forward or backward stroke across the notch 85. A spring 91 reacts from a head 99 to force the blade 9| into close contact with the plate 83. I
The cutter support 89 has oppositely extending pin joints I 0| for articulation with connecting rods I03 which respectively reach the armatures I95 and I01 of solenoids I09 and III. The solenoids I09 and III are enclosed in a case I3I which is attached to said bracket 11. By alternately energizing the solenoids I89 and III, the blade 9| may be rocked across the notch 85.
In order to eifect control of the energization of the solenoids I 09 and III, there is provided on the bracket 11 a smaller bracket I33 (Fig. 4) which provides a pivot at I35 for .a detector bar I31. The bar is swingable in a horizontal plane on the joint I35. The detector bar is at such an elevation and so arranged with respect to the oncoming bag that it contactsthe throats of the bags just below the attached tape. The bar I31 has a curved front end I38 and a notched rear end I49 serving purposes to be particularized.
When the detector I31 contacts the forward edge of a bag, the throat of the bag forces the detector to the left (Fig. 4) and when it leaves the bag at the rear edge, it swings to the right. In order that the bags may be definitely formed in relation to the detector I31, there are provided parallel guides I4I providing an inlet flared region I 43. These guides have the effect of providing a deflnite form to the throat of the bag as it approaches the detector I31 so that operation is consistent. This is accomplished by the stiffening action that the guides efiect on the bag by squeezing it near the throat. The guides I4I are vertically adjust- ,able and held in position by means of set screws Pinned at I41 to the detector bar I31 is a connecting rod I49 which reaches to a lever I5I on the switch 19. The plane of movement of the detector I31 being horizontal, and the plane of movement of the lever I 5| being vertical, the conr necting rod I49 is ordinarily made sufficiently resilient so as to spring the slight amount required for accommodating the relative lateral motions at its opposite ends incident to this arrangement.
It is clear that ball joints, or loose connections may serve a like purpose.
In diagrammatic Fig. 6 the bar I31 and lever I5I are shown in the'same plane for convenience in illustration." The lever I 5| is normally returned to a clockwise position (Fig. 2) by means of a return spring I53 (Figs. 3 and 6) thus tend ing normally to throw the detector I31 to the right (Fig. 4) and against an on-coming bag.
Operation of the device is as follows:
The spring I53 not only sets the detector I31 toward the right (Fi 4) but also sets the switch 19 so that the switch arm I55 thereof is set to energize the contact I51 of a line I59. The line I59 normally energizes the solenoid III so as to draw up in the armature I81 to the position shown in Figs. 2 and 6. This causes the knife blade 9| to be set into its normal position to the right of the notch 85 (Fig. 2).
So long as a portion of the advancing tape 53 .which has no closed bag mouth therebetween, ad-
vances through the slot 85, the tape passes as is shown in Fig. 2.
However, when a bag approaches, it contacts the detector I31, so that the latter is thrown to the left, thus throwing the switch arm I55 to connect with a contact I6I, thereby breaking the circuit through the connection I59 and placing in the circuit a connection I63 which energizes the other solenoid I09. The solenoid I09 being ener gized and the solenoid I II being deenergized, the armature I of the former is drawn up. This causes a quick advance of the cutter 9| from the position shown in Fig. 2 to the position shown in Fig. 3. This, as will be apparent from Fig. 4, cuts the tape 05 a slight distance ahead of the bag mouth. Then as the bag continues to pass through the guides I4I, the detector I31 is maintained in a position such that the parts remain as shown in Fig. 3.
When the trailing edge of the bag leaves the detector I31, the spring I53 returns the detector to its normal position, thereby again deenergizing the coil I09 and reenergizing coil II I so as to again set the mechanism into the position shown in Fig. 2. This resetting causes the knife 9| to out behind the bag by means of its second edge.
In Fig. 6 is will be seen that the sections I59 and IE3 of the parallel circuits are fed from a main circuit I65.
It will be seen that the detector I31 has a curved front ahead of the cutter 9|, as shown at I38, and a notched rear end I40 on the opposite or rear side of the cutter. The purpose of this form is to obtain proper timing of the cutter with respect to the passing bag. For instance, when a bag is approaching, the leading edge touches the curved portion I38 of detector I31 before the front edge of the bag is at the cutter 9|. Thus the cutter becomes operative upon a portion of the tape which extends a short distance ahead of the front edge of the bag.
On the other hand, the flat portion I42 on the detector (between the portion I38 and the notch I40) insures that the detector will remain in a position to hold the cutter 9I in the position of Fig. 3 until the bag has passed the cutter. The distance that the bag passes is such that the tape cut is made at a distance behind the bag, preferably about equal to the distance that the forward tape out has been made ahead of the bag. The criterion for proper operations in this respect is that the effective parts I38 and I40 of the detector I31 shall be on opposite sides of the cutter 9|.
Among the advantages of the invention may be noted the fact that the knife cuts only one section of tape from between bags, thus distinguishing from apparatus which snips the tape between bags into small lengths, due to continuous automatic cutting operation on the tape between bags. The method of cutting out the tape between bags avoids the necessity for equally spacing the bags (although the bags may be spaced if desired) and whether or not they are spaced, the cut-out tape between bags is always in a single length. On certain prior apparatus the cutter oscillated only once between bags; instead of operating twice, as herein, to provide means for cutting out single tape sections between bags so as to accommodate irregular bag spacing, if and when it occurred.
The present device is quite reliable because of the minimum amount that the cutter operates (particularly under conditions of irregular bag spacing) and because of the means taken for properly stiffening and forming the bag throat I49 so that the action onthe detector I31 is definite.
The use of the electric solenoids for operating the cutter is advantageous inasmuch as .it results in a very quick, snap-action for effecting the cut, and hence there is not enough time for tape to pile up behind the blades as a cutting traverse is made.
For clarity in explanation, there has been omitted from the drawings any showing of a safety cover for the cutter, but it is to be understood that one is used and fastened at I1I.
In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.
As many changes could be made in carrying out the above constructions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
I claim:
1. In apparatus for attaching a continuous length or tape to spaced articles, comprising a cutter, means for continuously moving the tape with the joined articles past the cutter, means for moving said cutter back and forth across the path of the tape to eifect a cutting action on successive strokes, and means responsive to passage of an article past a given region adapted to cause the cutter to move once in one direction ahead of a given article and once in the reverse direction therebehind, said last-named means comprising a pair of electromagnets each adapted to actuate the cutter reversely against the other electromagnet, an electric circuit, a switch adapted to alternatively energize said electromagnetic means through the circuit, and a detector responsive to passage of an article adapted to move said switch to energize one electromagnet upon approach of an article and to energize the other upon recession of said article, each electromagnet being deenergized when the other is energized.
2. In apparatus of the class described, means for attaching a continuous length of tape to successive articles which may be unevenly spaced, a double acting cutter adapted to swing across the path of. tape in two directions and to cut in both directions, electrical means for moving the cutter, an electric circuit .for energizing said electric means, a switch having alternative positions and adapted to cause movement of the cutter in one direction or another by alternative energize.- tion of the circuit, and a single detector having a point on one side of the cutter engageable by the forward edges of advancing articles to move the switch whereby the cutter cuts the tape ahead of the respective article. said detector means having a portion on the other side of the cutter adapted upon leaving the trailing edge of the article to set the switch to cause return movement of the cutter so as to cut the tape behind the article.
3. In apparatus of the class described, employing means for applying continuous lengths of tape to successive bags, a double-edged cutter, means for advancing successive bags with the tape to pass the cutter, means for swinging the cutter back and forth across the tape to cut the same upon successive strokes, guide means for maintaining a portion of each bag in a pre determined shape as it passes a given region, a
4- 2,1:s1,4as
detector engageable with the bags as they pass said cutter cuts ahead 0! the bag on one oscillasaid region, means actuated by said detector tion and to the rear of the bag on the succeeding adapted upon disengagement of the detector from operation. a bag to cause cutting action on the tape behind 5. In apparatus of the class described includthe bag and upon engagement with the next bag ing means for applying a continuous length of to cause return movement or the cutter again to tape to successive articles, a plate having a notch cut the tape between bags and adjacent to said accommodating passage of the tape, a two-edged next bag, successive tape cutting actions being cutter cooperable with said plate and swinging by difierent edges of said cutter. acres the tape to cut the same upon successive 4. In apparatus or the class described employoscillations, a pair of electromagnets each 0! ing means for applying a continuous length of which is adapted to be alternatively exclusively material to successive articles, a plate having a energized to move the cutter in one direction, a notch accommodating passage of the material, detector adapted to be contacted by the articles a two-edged cutter cooperable with said plate at as they pass near the cutter, a switch operable the notch and swinging across the tape to cut by said detector to alternatively energize the the same upon successive oscillations, a pair of electromagnets. depending upon whether the deelectromagnets each of which is adapted to be tector engages the article or not, said detector alternatively exclusively energized to move the being formed so that said cutter cuts ahead\of cutter in one direction, a detector adapted to the bag on. one oscillation and to the rear of the be contacted by the articles as they pass near bag on the succeeding operation, and guide means the cutter, a switch operable by said detector to adapted to engage the bags to stifien and hold alternatively energize the electromagnets, de them in. substantially predetermined forms as pending upon whether the detector engages the they are contactedby the detector. article or not, said detector being formed so that ROBERT E. PIERCE-
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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2539627A (en) * 1949-10-15 1951-01-30 Bemis Bro Bag Co Control mechanism for sewing machines
US2572143A (en) * 1947-06-26 1951-10-23 United Shoe Machinery Corp Thread-cutting device
US2670700A (en) * 1950-10-27 1954-03-02 Bemis Bro Bag Co Control mechanism for sewing machines and the like
US2705466A (en) * 1949-10-28 1955-04-05 Sargrove Electronics Ltd Electrical apparatus
US2731930A (en) * 1956-01-24 Galkin
US2840163A (en) * 1953-10-01 1958-06-24 Getreideflocken A G Apparatus for cutting the strip at the tops of bags
US2855995A (en) * 1954-05-12 1958-10-14 H G Weber And Company Inc Mechanical cut-off for tear strip applicator
US2885980A (en) * 1957-01-07 1959-05-12 United Shoe Machinery Corp Shoe machines
US2888075A (en) * 1953-10-05 1959-05-26 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Wire cutting machine
US2898021A (en) * 1956-06-06 1959-08-04 Alamance Ind Inc Apparatus for handling hosiery
US2900933A (en) * 1956-01-13 1959-08-25 United Shoe Machinery Corp Shoe machines
US3036484A (en) * 1955-04-14 1962-05-29 Pottmann Walter Machine for cutting out shoulder pads from blocks of fully poured foamy material
US3039409A (en) * 1959-03-05 1962-06-19 St Regis Paper Co Control switch for bag sewing machine
US3082718A (en) * 1960-11-28 1963-03-26 Minneapolis Sewing Machine Inc Bag closing and thread cutting device
US3188992A (en) * 1962-10-29 1965-06-15 Hand Louis Inc Thread cutter
US3252438A (en) * 1964-12-03 1966-05-24 Lu Ann Corp Cutting attachment for a sewing machine
US3330236A (en) * 1964-07-24 1967-07-11 Frederic P Worthen Cutting mechanisms for sewing machine and method of cutting material
US3460494A (en) * 1966-09-26 1969-08-12 Doughboy Ind Inc Sewing machine
US3468269A (en) * 1967-05-01 1969-09-23 Frederic P Worthen Method and apparatus for cutting tape in sewing machine
US3580197A (en) * 1969-11-18 1971-05-25 Angelo Mascaro Switch for sewing machine control and thread cutoff
US20050150570A1 (en) * 2003-12-13 2005-07-14 Vital Levesque Process and device for handling a bag during the sewing operation

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2731930A (en) * 1956-01-24 Galkin
US2572143A (en) * 1947-06-26 1951-10-23 United Shoe Machinery Corp Thread-cutting device
US2539627A (en) * 1949-10-15 1951-01-30 Bemis Bro Bag Co Control mechanism for sewing machines
US2705466A (en) * 1949-10-28 1955-04-05 Sargrove Electronics Ltd Electrical apparatus
US2670700A (en) * 1950-10-27 1954-03-02 Bemis Bro Bag Co Control mechanism for sewing machines and the like
US2840163A (en) * 1953-10-01 1958-06-24 Getreideflocken A G Apparatus for cutting the strip at the tops of bags
US2888075A (en) * 1953-10-05 1959-05-26 Thompson Ramo Wooldridge Inc Wire cutting machine
US2855995A (en) * 1954-05-12 1958-10-14 H G Weber And Company Inc Mechanical cut-off for tear strip applicator
US3036484A (en) * 1955-04-14 1962-05-29 Pottmann Walter Machine for cutting out shoulder pads from blocks of fully poured foamy material
US2900933A (en) * 1956-01-13 1959-08-25 United Shoe Machinery Corp Shoe machines
US2900932A (en) * 1956-01-13 1959-08-25 United Shoe Machinery Corp Shoe machines
US2898021A (en) * 1956-06-06 1959-08-04 Alamance Ind Inc Apparatus for handling hosiery
US2885980A (en) * 1957-01-07 1959-05-12 United Shoe Machinery Corp Shoe machines
US3039409A (en) * 1959-03-05 1962-06-19 St Regis Paper Co Control switch for bag sewing machine
US3082718A (en) * 1960-11-28 1963-03-26 Minneapolis Sewing Machine Inc Bag closing and thread cutting device
US3188992A (en) * 1962-10-29 1965-06-15 Hand Louis Inc Thread cutter
US3330236A (en) * 1964-07-24 1967-07-11 Frederic P Worthen Cutting mechanisms for sewing machine and method of cutting material
US3252438A (en) * 1964-12-03 1966-05-24 Lu Ann Corp Cutting attachment for a sewing machine
US3460494A (en) * 1966-09-26 1969-08-12 Doughboy Ind Inc Sewing machine
US3468269A (en) * 1967-05-01 1969-09-23 Frederic P Worthen Method and apparatus for cutting tape in sewing machine
US3580197A (en) * 1969-11-18 1971-05-25 Angelo Mascaro Switch for sewing machine control and thread cutoff
US20050150570A1 (en) * 2003-12-13 2005-07-14 Vital Levesque Process and device for handling a bag during the sewing operation

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