US2145137A - Diaper - Google Patents

Diaper Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2145137A
US2145137A US12564037A US2145137A US 2145137 A US2145137 A US 2145137A US 12564037 A US12564037 A US 12564037A US 2145137 A US2145137 A US 2145137A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
diaper
folded
length
edge
fold
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Ruth L Sayers
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kendall Co
Original Assignee
Kendall Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/49Absorbent articles specially adapted to be worn around the waist, e.g. diapers
    • A61F13/49003Reusable, washable fabric diapers

Description

Jan. 24, 1939.

R. L. SAYERS DIAPER 7 Filed Feb. 13, 1937 ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 24, 1939,

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE DIAPER.

Ruth L. Sayers, Walpole, Mass, assignor to The Kendall Company, Walpole, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts This invention relates to diapers. It aims to improve articles of this character with a view to devising a construction which will be better suited to the changing requirements of the baby during the entire period in which diapers are worn.

Diapers are customarily worn from birth through the first year of the child's life and to some point in the second year. As a rule the diaper consists of a rectangular or square piece of fabric and it is intended to be folded to fit the requirements of the baby. Since the childs measurements are constantly changing from the beginning to the end'of the diaper period, it is obvious that either the diaper must be folded in 1 several different ways during that period to fit the child as it grows, or else different sizes of diapers must be used to meet the changed conditions. Since the latter course is expensive, the more common practice is to use the size initially purchased and to fit the changing dimensions of the child, as well as possible under the circumstances, by varying the manner in which the diaper is folded.

While there are two shapes of diapers in gen- 25 eral use, namely square and oblong, the latter is more commonly'used and is far more satisfactory since it is more adaptable to the requirements of the child, and may be folded to provide a greater number of thicknesses, this feature being impor- 7 tant from the standpoint of absorbency. These af'rticles vary in dimensions from approximately eighteen inches to twenty-two inches in width and from, say, thirty-six inches to forty-four inches in length. Usually the folding proceeds in one direction only, namely lengthwise. The

original width of the diaper can be used without folding during much of the diaper period since this dimension extends lengthwise of the baby's body, but the length must at all times be folded to provide a satisfactory waist measurement. This fact introduces several complications in the diapering procedure as follows:

First: The length of the unfolded oblong diaper is approximately twice its width, yet while the width may be used complete and unfolded, or with only slight adjustment, the length must be re duced by folding to a small fraction of its original length. Second: The length must be folded differently as the diaper period progresses. Third: The width may be adjusted as actually needed after putting the diaper on the baby, but the length must be adjusted before putting the diaper on, and estimated, instead of actual measurements, must be used. In other words, much and varied folding is necessary, it must be done purely on estimate, and it must be done throughout the entire diaper period.

It is thus obvious that the real problem in the use of a diaper of fixed dimensions, as distinguished from different sizes suited to varying requirements, is in adjusting its length to meet the conditions in hand. So long as the diaper need be folded to a final length of a quarter of that of the original length, the procedure is obvious. comes necessary to fold it into thirds. The latter procedure also provides only three, instead of four, thicknesses, and therefore provides less absorbency. When other folds become necessary the procedure becomes more difficult.

The present invention provides a. diaper in which the foregoing and additional folds required at different points in the diaper period can be made quickly, conveniently, and accurately.

The nature of the, invention will be readily understood from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing, and the novel features will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

In the drawing,

Figure l is a plan view of a diaper embodying this invention;

Figs. 2 and ,3 are plan and edge views, respectively, showing different steps in folding the diaper in accordance with one of the' methods provided by this invention;

Figs. 4 and 5 are plan and edge views, respectively, showing the method of making a different and novel fold; and

Figs.'6 and 7 are plan and edge views, respectively, ofanother method of folding.

The best size of diaper when .a single size only is to be used, which is preferable from the standpoint of economy, is approximately twenty by forty inches, although obviously other dimensions can be used, if desired. Such a diaper is illustrated in Fig. l at 2. For small babies it is desirable to fold the diaper into fifths. That is, the final over-all length (which when folded becomes the width) is one-fifth of the original length and the folds or layers should all be of equal dimensions. Later it may be folded into fourths and still later into thirds. However, I have devised a special fold, hereinafter referred to as a panel fold, which may very desirably be used following the fourths fold. It has the advantage over the thirds fold of presenting four thicknesses of fabric and of allowing greater adjustability. This panel fold may be followed by thirds in case of an unusually large baby.

It is somewhat more difficult when itbe- 10 This invention provides marks by which all of these folds can be made very quickly and accurately. As shown in Fig. 1, one of these marks, which is indicated at 0-41, extends crosswise'of the diaper at a distance spaced from the left-hand end by approximately one-third of the total length of the diaper. Another mark b-b extends cross-wise of the diaper at a distance from said end equal to approximately four-fifths of the diaper length, or, in other words, at ap-.

proximately one-fifth of said distance from the right-hand end.

To fold the diaper into fifths, the edge ec is brought over to the line Mb, shown in Fig. 2. Next the folded edge ee: isbrought over and registered with the line 11-12, and finally the right-hand edge dd is folded on the line bb over upon the previous folds, thereby bringing it to the outside and producing five thicknesses of equal dimensions, as shown in Fig. 3.

To make the panel fold above referred to, the edge -0 is brought over to the line 17-12, as before, and as shown in Fig. 2, after which this edge is folded back to the line H, as illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5, and finally the edge d--d is folded over and registered with the outside folded edge -e, as also shown in said figures. This makes a folded diaper greater in width than either the fold into fifths or fourths and thus is better suited to larger children than either of the latter, while at the same time providing four thicknesses of fabric throughout the central portion of the diaper where, of course, the need for absorbency is greatest.

This panel fold may be varied while still maintaining its essential characteristics and advantages, but increasing or reducing its width somewhat. That is, to make a wider folded diaper the edge 0-c is brought over somewhat short of the line b-b, then folded back short of the line w-a. If a narrower width is desired, the

edge 0-0 is brought over somewhat beyond the line b-b and is then folded back beyond the line H. In either case the final fold will register the edge d-d with the folded edge ee.

To fold into thirds, the edge cc is folded on the line H, as shown in Fig. 6, after which the edge dd is brought over and registered with the line H, as illustrated in Fig. 7.

It should be noted that in making all of these folds the folding is begun at the same end, which simplifies the use of the markings. It will also be observed that these marks make the accurate folding of the diaper in any of the ways above described very simple and require less time than a hit or miss attempt to accomplish the same results without the use of the marks.

My invention for diaper marking has been described in its preferred form. 'If followed exactly on a diaper of approximately 40" length, it produces with the panel fold a diaper having a central panel approximately 6 wide and a total folded width of approximately 12". This is the maximum width needed by the average child during the diaper period. (Used on a diaper of different length the plan will produce a panel fold with, of course, the same proportions but slightly different diamensions.) However, if it should be desired to indicate a panel fold of different dimensions from those provided by the use of my preferred plan, the relative locations of the two markings could be changed without exceeding the scope of my invention.

For instance, to provide markings for a 40" length which would be exact for producing an 11" instead of a 12" folded width, the marking points would be changed from points at 8" and 13.3" to points at 4" and 16.8". However, such a plan would not provide markings for folding in fifths and thirds and would therefore be inferior to my preferred plan. Also, as previously mentioned, by using the markings of nrv preferred plan as axes, as much variation as will be needed may be easily secured.

The marks themselves may be made in a number of ways. For example, a simple and satisfactory method is to stamp them on the articles with indelible ink. They may, however, be made by running in a special colored yarn into the fabric during the weaving of it, or by stitching lines across the diaper at the designated points or by notching or otherwise cutting the goods at the margins, or the weave may be changed at these particular points. The essential requirement is that the markings be sufiiciently prominent to be readily seen and do not impair the appearance or characteristics of the diaper. An example of a satisfactory'product embodying the invention consists of a double-woven gauze diaper with a thread count of 44 x 40, made with thirtys and thirty-two's yarn. The markings are made by weaving two ends per dent for three successive dents on each layer of the material, and by using for these three particular dents a special fortys/two reverse twist yarn.

While I have herein shown and described a typical embodiment of my invention, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied in other forms without departing from the spirit or scope thereof.

Having thus described my invention, what'I desire to claim as new is:

1. An article of the character described consisting of a diaper having marks located at approximately one-third and four-fifths, respectively, of its length, both measurements being made from the same end.

2. An article of the character described consisting of a diaper of rectangular shape having a cross-wise line located at a distance from one end of the diaper equal to approximately onethird of the length of the diaper, and a second cross-wise line at approximately one-fifth of the length of the diaper from the opposite end.

RUTH L. SAYERS.

US2145137A 1937-02-13 1937-02-13 Diaper Expired - Lifetime US2145137A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2145137A US2145137A (en) 1937-02-13 1937-02-13 Diaper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2145137A US2145137A (en) 1937-02-13 1937-02-13 Diaper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2145137A true US2145137A (en) 1939-01-24

Family

ID=22420707

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2145137A Expired - Lifetime US2145137A (en) 1937-02-13 1937-02-13 Diaper

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2145137A (en)

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2471048A (en) * 1948-05-12 1949-05-24 Anthony W Terchick Baby garment
US2511406A (en) * 1948-03-02 1950-06-13 Israel Irving Pinless permanent folded diaper
US2544002A (en) * 1947-12-26 1951-03-06 Paul E Arnall Diaper
US2600634A (en) * 1950-09-01 1952-06-17 Chicopee Mfg Corp Prefolded diaper
US2612164A (en) * 1949-10-03 1952-09-30 Stanton A Miller Diaper
US2646630A (en) * 1950-03-06 1953-07-28 Miller Edna Barlow Educational shoelace
US2735098A (en) * 1956-02-21 Pocket handkerchief having fold indicia thereupon
DE1109506B (en) * 1956-10-06 1961-06-22 Kamyr Ab Apparatus for cross-folding or bundles of sheet pulp material that is stacked on a table
US3963029A (en) * 1974-07-12 1976-06-15 Domtar Limited Diaper package
US5261900A (en) * 1990-07-26 1993-11-16 Christine B. Houle Reusable diaper
EP0669120A1 (en) * 1994-01-28 1995-08-30 Dieter Gräther Diaper
US20040167489A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-26 Kellenberger Stanley R. Compact absorbent article
US20040176735A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2004-09-09 Snell Alan K. Packaged diaper, related accessories and packaging system
US20050015052A1 (en) * 2003-07-17 2005-01-20 Michelle Klippen Compression packed absorbent article
US20050102139A1 (en) * 2003-11-11 2005-05-12 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Information processing method and apparatus
US20050143700A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-06-30 Diaperoos, Llc Manufacture of vacuum-packed diaper
US20050155328A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Disguisedly packaging vacuum-sealed diaper
US20060179794A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-08-17 Diaperoos, Llc Carrying vacuum-packaged diaper in pocket on person
US20060206081A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-Packaging Diaper
US20060201112A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Reconfiguring and Vacuum-Packaging Diaper
US20060206078A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-Packaged Diaper
US20060206080A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-Packaged Absorbent Article
US20060206084A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Portable Set of Compact Absorbent Articles
US20060206082A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-Packaging Diaper in Normal Condition
US20060206083A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Set of Compact Absorbent Articles
US20080128295A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2008-06-05 Diaperoos, Llc Package having vacuum packed absorbent article and methods thereof
US20080142389A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2008-06-19 Diaperoos, Llc Package having vacuum packed absorbent article and methods thereof

Cited By (63)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2735098A (en) * 1956-02-21 Pocket handkerchief having fold indicia thereupon
US2544002A (en) * 1947-12-26 1951-03-06 Paul E Arnall Diaper
US2511406A (en) * 1948-03-02 1950-06-13 Israel Irving Pinless permanent folded diaper
US2471048A (en) * 1948-05-12 1949-05-24 Anthony W Terchick Baby garment
US2612164A (en) * 1949-10-03 1952-09-30 Stanton A Miller Diaper
US2646630A (en) * 1950-03-06 1953-07-28 Miller Edna Barlow Educational shoelace
US2600634A (en) * 1950-09-01 1952-06-17 Chicopee Mfg Corp Prefolded diaper
DE1109506B (en) * 1956-10-06 1961-06-22 Kamyr Ab Apparatus for cross-folding or bundles of sheet pulp material that is stacked on a table
US3963029A (en) * 1974-07-12 1976-06-15 Domtar Limited Diaper package
US5261900A (en) * 1990-07-26 1993-11-16 Christine B. Houle Reusable diaper
EP0669120A1 (en) * 1994-01-28 1995-08-30 Dieter Gräther Diaper
US20060206082A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-Packaging Diaper in Normal Condition
US20060179794A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-08-17 Diaperoos, Llc Carrying vacuum-packaged diaper in pocket on person
US20060201112A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Reconfiguring and Vacuum-Packaging Diaper
US20060206078A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-Packaged Diaper
US20060206080A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-Packaged Absorbent Article
US20060206083A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Set of Compact Absorbent Articles
US20060206081A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-Packaging Diaper
US20060206084A1 (en) * 2000-04-26 2006-09-14 Diaperoos, Llc Portable Set of Compact Absorbent Articles
US8118166B2 (en) 2003-02-14 2012-02-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Packaging with easy open feature
US20040168947A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-09-02 Mcdonald Duane L. Packaging with easy open feature
US20040172002A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-09-02 Nelson Denise J. Package enclosing a single disposable absorbent article
US20040167489A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-26 Kellenberger Stanley R. Compact absorbent article
US20040167490A1 (en) * 2003-02-14 2004-08-26 Nelson Denise J. Methods of folding disposable absorbent articles
US20050143705A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-06-30 Diaperoos, Llc Dispenser for individually dispensing vacuum-packed diapers
US20050155328A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Disguisedly packaging vacuum-sealed diaper
US20050155900A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Disguisedly packaged vacuum-sealed diaper
US20050155327A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Disguisedly packaging absorbent article
US20050155898A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Indicia of reduced diaper viewable through encasement
US20050155896A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Pressing and vacuum-sealing diaper in vacuum chamber
US20050155897A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Indicia viewable through encasement of vacuum-packed diaper
US20050143706A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-06-30 Diaperoos, Llc Compartmentalized vacuum-packed diaper kit
US20050155895A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-packing diaper and pressing encasement
US20050159718A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Accordion folded absorbent article
US20090071862A2 (en) * 2003-03-04 2009-03-19 Diaperoos, Llc Indicia of reduced diaper viewable through encasement
US20050189307A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-09-01 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-packed diaper vending machine
US20060052761A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2006-03-09 Snell Alan K Packaged diaper, related accessories and packaging system
US20050143702A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-06-30 Diaperoos, Llc Integrally vacuum-packed diaper and accessories
US20050159723A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-07-21 Diaperoos, Llc Indicia of folded diaper viewable through encasement
US20050139503A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-06-30 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-packing diaper at millibars of pressure
US20050143700A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-06-30 Diaperoos, Llc Manufacture of vacuum-packed diaper
US20050138894A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-06-30 Diaperoos, Llc Integrally vacuum-packing diaper and accessories
US20050131368A2 (en) * 2003-03-04 2005-06-16 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-packed diaper
US7770733B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2010-08-10 Diaperoos, Llc Pocket-sized vacuum-packed diapers
US7779610B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2010-08-24 Diaperoos, Llc Method of vacuum packaging a single use disposable diaper
US20060231429A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2006-10-19 Diaperoos, Llc Infant care kit including diaper
US7150354B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2006-12-19 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-packed diaper feeding kit
US7178312B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2007-02-20 Diaperoos, Llc Pressing and vacuum-packing diaper
US7181893B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2007-02-27 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-packing diaper and pressing encasement
US7181894B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2007-02-27 Diaperoos, Llc Pressing and vacuum-sealing diaper in vacuum chamber
US7188748B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2007-03-13 Diaperoos, Llc Vacuum-packed diaper vending machine
US7194848B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2007-03-27 Diaperoos, Llc Diaper kit with miniaturized diaper by folding and vacuum-sealing
US20070107382A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2007-05-17 Diaperoos, Llc Folding and vacuum-sealing diaper with diaper accessory
US20070107383A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2007-05-17 Diaperoos, Llc Container having diaper accessory and miniaturized diaper
US20070130886A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2007-06-14 Diaperoos, Llc Miniaturizing diaper by folding and vacuum-sealing
US20040176735A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2004-09-09 Snell Alan K. Packaged diaper, related accessories and packaging system
US7243477B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2007-07-17 Diaperoos, Llc Packaging diaper with deceptive size including vacuum-sealing
US20080128295A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2008-06-05 Diaperoos, Llc Package having vacuum packed absorbent article and methods thereof
US20080142389A1 (en) * 2003-03-04 2008-06-19 Diaperoos, Llc Package having vacuum packed absorbent article and methods thereof
US7231751B2 (en) 2003-03-04 2007-06-19 Diaperoos, Llc Packaging diaper with deceptive outward appearance
US20050165377A1 (en) * 2003-07-17 2005-07-28 Diaperoos, Llc Accordion folded absorbent article
US20050015052A1 (en) * 2003-07-17 2005-01-20 Michelle Klippen Compression packed absorbent article
US20050102139A1 (en) * 2003-11-11 2005-05-12 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Information processing method and apparatus

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3315677A (en) Disposable shield having transfer tape along side edges
US3376650A (en) Template
US2411328A (en) Dressmaker's pattern
US2830589A (en) Diapers
US3636952A (en) Disposable combination flushable diaper and protective cover
US4409049A (en) Method and apparatus for effecting intermittent securement of a stretched elastic member to a moving web
US4662875A (en) Absorbent article
US3605746A (en) Diapering of infants
US4437860A (en) Disposable diaper with elasticized leg openings
US7178571B2 (en) System and method for incorporating graphics into absorbent articles
US4475912A (en) Adjustable diapers with fastening means
US3559648A (en) Disposable diaper
US20050261652A1 (en) Method for proper placement and positioning of an absorbent article in an undergarment
US20100108554A1 (en) Gender-specific, disposable absorbent articles
US5769835A (en) Absorbent article having tubular, elasticized bumpers
US2577398A (en) Diaper
US20010042584A1 (en) Method of making a winged absorbent article
US8167862B2 (en) Absorbent article having a fit guide
US2162755A (en) Mattress covering bed sheet
US3369303A (en) Pleating methods and apparatus
US3938523A (en) Prefolded and packaged disposable diaper
US2429350A (en) Folding bassinet
US3049228A (en) Disposable baby pants
US4216773A (en) Disposable diaper with center folded edges
US2020668A (en) Tissue handkerchief and method