US2138291A - Steel partition construction - Google Patents

Steel partition construction Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2138291A
US2138291A US178508A US17850837A US2138291A US 2138291 A US2138291 A US 2138291A US 178508 A US178508 A US 178508A US 17850837 A US17850837 A US 17850837A US 2138291 A US2138291 A US 2138291A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
stud
studs
sides
seats
lower
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US178508A
Inventor
Martin A Callaghan
Original Assignee
Martin A Callaghan
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Martin A Callaghan filed Critical Martin A Callaghan
Priority to US178508A priority Critical patent/US2138291A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2138291A publication Critical patent/US2138291A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/32Columns; Pillars; Struts of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/58Connections for building structures in general of bar-shaped building elements
    • E04B1/5806Connections for building structures in general of bar-shaped building elements with a cross-section having an open profile
    • E04B1/5818Connections for building structures in general of bar-shaped building elements with a cross-section having an open profile of substantially U - form

Description

Nov, 29, 1938. M. A. CALLAGHAN STEEL PARTITION CONSTRUCTION Filed Dec. 7, 1937 ATTORNEYS FIE-l IMIINVENTOR. fliarf/n ,4. Ca//ag/7a/7 P'IB E Patented Nov. 29, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 8 Claims.

This invention relates to steel stud partition construction in studs and in their end seats that are at the ceiling and floor for facilitating the rapid positioning and securing studs in place preparatory to lathing and plastering partitlon Walls that are supported by the studs and which. construction eliminates the use of clips, clamps and guide members that are separate from the studs and stud seats, as has heretofore been used in the art. Another object is the provision of means for accurately aligning the studs and a still further object is the provision Of structure to enable the spacing of the studs at various distances apart as may be desired, all Without necessitating the use of studs and seats that materially depart from the standard channel form of studs and seats now used in partition construction. Other objects and advantages will appear in the specification and drawing annexed hereto.

In the drawing, Fig. 1 is a view showing a stud in elevation, in position with the seats in cross section and showing portions of the floor and ceiling structure, in this instance, the ceiling being of the suspended or floating type as commonly used in fireproof buildings.

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary perspective View, partly in section, of an upper stud seat.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary perspective view of the upper end of a stud.

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the lower end of a stud.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of a lower stud seat on a floor, the seat being in section at the nearest end.

Briefly described, heretofore it has been the common practice to position the studs by either forming openings in the ceiling itself for receiving the upper ends of the studs, and securing the lower ends of the studs to the floor between pairs of plates, or else special clips have been attached to the upper and lower stud seats to which the studs are attached. Naturally, considerable time and expense is involved in either of the above cases, and also, there is nothing in the strucsires themselves to insure the studs being in plumb and accurately spaced. With my invention, once the seats are properly positioned to receive the studs therebetween, the studs are quickly and accurately secured in place, since the stud ends and seats are themselves formed to coact for accurately positioning the studs, and the nails for securing the lower stud seats to the floor form stops for the lower ends of the studs to insure proper vertical positioning of the studs.

11 detail, in floating or suspended ceiling construction, it is customary to drop hanger Wires I from the concrete between floors for supporting the ceilings, such wires being imbedded at their upper ends within the concrete and their lower ends are secured to horizontally extending run ner channels 2. Below the runner channels, and secured thereto are horizontally extending chanels 3, sometimes called furring channels, said furring channels extending at right angles across the runner channels and attached to the latter by clips or wires 4. The metal lath 5 is secured against the lower sides of the furring channels as by Wires 6. Below the lath 5 I position my upper stud seats generally designated 1, which seats are upwardly opening channels running crosswise rel- 15 ative to the furring channels, the webs of the channels forming the seats being centrally cut away, as indicated in Fig. 2, leaving margins 8 along each of the sides 9 of the channels, which margins connect with each other by web portions Hi left between the openings cut out of the web.

The seats 1 are secured to the metal lath, and to the furring channels 3 by the wires 4, as seen in Fig. l, with the free edges of the sides of the channel seats engaging the lath.

The lower stud seats, are indicated generally at I I, and are channels similar to the upper stud seats, having sides l2, marginal web portions l3 along the sides, and connecting web strips H! extending across between portions l3. The lower seats lie fiat on the floor directly under and parallel with the upper stud seats, and are secure in place by nails which nails, preferably, are not fully driven down, but project upwardly at 30 their upper ends a short distance above the web margins l3, as best indicated in Fig. 5. Of course the lower stud seats may be nailed directly to the concrete floor, or conventional wood nailing strips may first be secured on the floor, and the lower seats nailed thereto.

The web margins 13 on the lower stud seats are formed with rows of openings !6, which rows are in longitudinal alignment with the margins 45 and pairs of openings in the opposite margins in each channel are disposed on lines at right angles to the length of the channel. The openings in each web may be spaced apart any desirable distance, which may be from two inches to several feet or more.

The web margins 8 of the upper stud seat are each formed with a row of slots ll, said slots each extending transversely of each web margin, and the slots in each row preferably have the same spacing as occurs between the openings H3 in the lower stud seat.

The studs themselves, each one generally designated i8, are or" channel form formed from channels of the same construction, generally, as that of the seats, that is, each stud comprises sides Hi, marginal web portions 2!! extending toward each other from an edge of the ides, and at right angles to the sides, and which web portions are connected by strips 2! formed integral with the marginal portions 2t. At their upper ends, the portion 2% at each side of the stud is slotted inwardly from the end edges of said portions, as by slots 22, leaving a projection 23 at the upper end of each. of the portions 20. The projections 23 are each of a width to freely slide into pairs of slots l? in the portions 8 of the upper stud seat, as best indicated in Fig. l. The distance between the opposed inner surfaces of sides l9 at the upper ends of the studs is sufiiciently greater than the distance between the outer surfaces of the sides 9 of the upper seat to enable the sides H3, at the upper ends of the studs to fairly closely receive the sides of the seat therebetween and the width of slots 22 is sufficient to receive the sides 9 of the upper seat thereon when the projections are slipped into slots l? in the seat.

Referring to the lower ends of the studs. the marginal web portions 20 of each stud at the lower end of the latter, are bent at right angles to the main portion 29, thus forming lips which lips are built toward the open side of each of the studs so as to lie alongside, the sides 2!! and in a plane at right angles to the planes of sides 2%. The side edge of each lip adjacent the side 20 nearest thereto, is cut away to leave a space between the side 26 and the edge of the lip the thickness of side !2 of the lower stud seat, and the main portions 20 above the lip and adjacent thereto are slotted at 25 to permit the sides B2 of the lower stud seat to be received into sa d slots the lower stud seats being of the same width as the upper stud seats. The sides IQ of the studs at their lower ends 26 are formed in downward continuation of the sides l3, hence, when the sides l2 of the lower stud seat are received in slots 25, with lip 24 resting on the portions iii of said seat, the ends 26 will be closely adjacent the outer surfaces of sides [2.

The lips 24 are each formed with a slot 28 extending inwardly from the free end edge of the lip, which slots are spaced to be respectively aligned over a line extending through the rows of openings is in each of the portions [3 when the sides l2 are received in slots 25.

The upper and lower stud seats 5. l! are positioned parallel with each other with the slots l! in the upper stud seat slightly to one side of the openings l in the lower stud seat, with respect to vertical. the degree of offset being the distance from the inner ends of lips 24 to about the inner ends of slots 28. The nails l5, extending through openings l6 that most nearly fall below corresponding openings l! in the upper stud seat, and at points where it is desired to position the studs, may serve as means for holding the lower stud seat in the desired position below the upper stud seat.

I will now describe the operations of position ing one of the studs, between the stud seats, the operation being substantially the same for all studs. The projections 23 at the upper end of the stud are inserted in a pair of openings I! in the upper stud seat, one of the openings of the pair being in each marginal portion 8 of said seat. The lower end of the stud is then swung to one side relative to vertical, but in the vertical plane in which both seats are disposed, the projections 23 pivoting in slots I1, and the side to which the lower end of the stud is swung is that which will position the open ends of slots 28 (in lips 24) facing toward the upper ends of nails 15. The slots H in which the projections 23 are pivoted, are those lying most nearly directly over the nails l5. Upon swinging the lower ends of the studs toward the nails, the lips 24 will pass into the open side of the lower seat H and ends 25 will slide over the outer surfaces of the sides l2. Also the nails will pass into slots 28 until. the nails engage the closed ends of the slots, at which time the stud will be absolutely vertical and lips 24 will be in substantial engagement against the upper side of web margins I3 of the lower seat. The projections 23 may be cut away along their adjacent edges to form shoulders 3i! (Fig. 3) adapted to engage the lower sides of the web margins 8 of the upper stud seat, thus when the stud is vertical the upper and lower ends of the stud will be firmly seated against the upper and lower seats.

After the studs are positioned as above described, the nails I5 may be driven downwardly to firmly hold the lower ends of the studs against displacement in the plane of the sea s, the upper ends of sides 26 and the lower ends 28 of sa d sides functioning to prevent dislodgment of the studs out of said plane in any other direct on.

It is, of course, obvious that the slots may open inwardly from the free edges of portions 8, and then the projections 23 need not be cut away to form shoulders 39, in which case the lower ends of slots 23 will engage the edges of s des 9 adjacent the slots, but greater strength is provided by the structure as disclosed generally in the drawing.

It will readily be seen that my studs can very quickly be positioned between the stud seats without requiring any parts. such as clamps, clips, etc., and with less work than would be required to nail ordinary wooden studding in place, and furthermore. once the stud seats are in position, the studs will automatically be in plumb and correctly spaced, upon pivoting the studs in openings I! to a position with slots 28 receiving nails 15 for driving the latter in place.

Having described my invention. 1' claim:

1. A partition comprising a row of. vertical studs and an upper and a lower elongated strip forming upper and lower stud seats extending across the upper and lower ends of the studs in alignment with the row, means formed integrally with the studs and the upper and lower strips respectively arranged and adapted to interlock for securing the studs in position between the strips with the ends of the studs in engagement with said strips, said studs and said upper and lower strips respectively being of generally channel form in cross-section and the studs being formed with recesses at the ends thereof adapted to receive the sides of the stri s as distinguished from the web portion of the channels forming the strips.

2. In partition construction. a seat for one of. the ends of arow of partition studs compri an elongated metal strip adapted to extend. over one of the ends of the studs, a row of studs. means projecting from a side of said strip adapted to engage said ends of the studs, and said ends of the studs being provided with a recess adapted to engage said first mentioned means upon lateral movement of said ends toward said first mentioned means, and means arranged and adapted to pivotally support the opposite ends of said studs for swinging the first mentioned ends thereof generally laterally relative to vertical.

3. In partition construction, studs comprising vertically extending channels each formed with the web portions thereof at its opposite ends recessed inwardly from the opposite end edges of the web portion at points adjacent the sides of each channel, and stud seats comprising horizontally extending channels extending across the opposite ends of the studs and between the sides of the stud at their ends for securing the seats in position between the sides of the studs, the channels forming said seats each being provided with a plurality of openings in the web portions thereof and means extending through said openlugs for securing the studs against movement in a direction longitudinally of the seats.

4. In partition construction, a plurality of studs each comprising a vertically extending channel having opposite sides and a web portion, an upper and a lower stud seat extending horizontally across the upper and lower ends of the studs respectively, means for securing the lower stud seat to the floor of a room and for securing the lower end of the stud to said lower seat, means for securing the upper end of the stud to said upper stud seat, and means formed integrally with said stud at its opposite ends respectively for securing the stud to the upper and lower seats against movement of the stud in a direction laterally in the plane of its web, said last mentioned means comprising extensions of the sides of the channel at its ends arranged and adapted to extend across opposite sides of the seats respectively and the first mentioned means comprising a horizontal lip on the web portion of the stud overlying the lower seat and a nail driven into the floor engaging said lip and lower seat.

5. In partition construction, a stud comprising a single, elongated channel of sheet metal providing opposed sides and a web connecting between said sides, a stud seat comprising an elongated strip of metal removably extending at right angles across one end of the stud and disposed between the opposed sides of the channel at said end, said web of the channel being cut away at said end for receiving the seat between said sides, and means engaging between the web of the stud and said strip securing said end of the stud against movement in one direction longitudinally of the strip when said stud is disposed perpendicular to the stud.

6. In a construction as defined in claim 5, said strip being of channel form with its sides substantially in engagement with the sides of the stud at said end of the stud.

7. In a construction as defined in claim '5, said strip being formed with an opening and the means engaging between the web of the stud and said strip comprising an extension of the Web projecting into said opening.

8. In partition construction, a stud comprising a single, elongated channel of sheet metal providing opposed sides and a web connecting between said sides, opposite ends of said web at opposite ends of the stud being formed with slots adjacent the opposite sides of the stud, said slots extending longitudinally of the stud and opening outwardly of the opposite end edges of the web, stud seats comprising channel strips extending perpendicularly of the stud and across opposite ends thereof with the sides of the channel strips disposed within said slots, the web portion of one of said channel strips being formed with an opening and a portion of the web of the stud adjacent said channel strip being removably fitted within said opening.

MARTIN A. CALLAGHAN.

US178508A 1937-12-07 1937-12-07 Steel partition construction Expired - Lifetime US2138291A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US178508A US2138291A (en) 1937-12-07 1937-12-07 Steel partition construction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US178508A US2138291A (en) 1937-12-07 1937-12-07 Steel partition construction

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2138291A true US2138291A (en) 1938-11-29

Family

ID=22652809

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US178508A Expired - Lifetime US2138291A (en) 1937-12-07 1937-12-07 Steel partition construction

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2138291A (en)

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3058549A (en) * 1958-06-06 1962-10-16 George D Anderson Building construction and method
US3203145A (en) * 1962-07-25 1965-08-31 Rohr Corp Prefabricated modular home construction
US3221894A (en) * 1963-07-02 1965-12-07 Lyon Metal Products Inc Adjustable storage rack
US3242619A (en) * 1962-05-02 1966-03-29 Pearce E Parsons Toilet compartment
US3423893A (en) * 1966-12-16 1969-01-28 Baxter & Co J H Wooden stud wall or partition and support therefor
US3716959A (en) * 1970-09-15 1973-02-20 J Bernardi Beam end construction for semi-rigid connection to a column
US4222211A (en) * 1979-02-14 1980-09-16 National Gypsum Company Straddling stackable stud
US4377925A (en) * 1981-03-21 1983-03-29 Able, Inc. Bracket for conduit trenches
WO1984003319A1 (en) * 1983-02-24 1984-08-30 Rother Carole A Construction systems and elements thereof
US5590505A (en) * 1994-10-07 1997-01-07 Bogle; D. Dennis Construction member and assemblies thereof
FR2785972A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2000-05-19 Euro Teck The assembly of L' or U' shaped sections to form a framework of a trellis by the forming of the engaging ends of the horizontal sections.
US6481175B2 (en) * 1999-02-08 2002-11-19 Rocheway Pty. Ltd. Structural member
US20070175149A1 (en) * 2006-01-17 2007-08-02 Bodnar Ernest R Stud with lengthwise indented ribs and method
US20090038246A1 (en) * 2005-08-09 2009-02-12 William Arthur Wright Universal Stud
US20100126103A1 (en) * 2002-03-12 2010-05-27 The Steel Network, Inc. Connector for connecting building components
US20100229495A1 (en) * 2007-03-06 2010-09-16 Gridley Jerry G Continuity tie for prefabricated shearwalls
US20100275548A1 (en) * 2005-08-09 2010-11-04 William Arthur Wright Framing Unit With Universal Framing Applications
US20140182231A1 (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-07-03 Edward Sucato Metal stud wall track
US20140360111A1 (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-12-11 Au Optronics Corp. Frame for Supporting Solar Module
US20150047287A1 (en) * 2013-08-13 2015-02-19 Chris A. Nelson Modular Truss System

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3058549A (en) * 1958-06-06 1962-10-16 George D Anderson Building construction and method
US3242619A (en) * 1962-05-02 1966-03-29 Pearce E Parsons Toilet compartment
US3203145A (en) * 1962-07-25 1965-08-31 Rohr Corp Prefabricated modular home construction
US3221894A (en) * 1963-07-02 1965-12-07 Lyon Metal Products Inc Adjustable storage rack
US3423893A (en) * 1966-12-16 1969-01-28 Baxter & Co J H Wooden stud wall or partition and support therefor
US3716959A (en) * 1970-09-15 1973-02-20 J Bernardi Beam end construction for semi-rigid connection to a column
US4222211A (en) * 1979-02-14 1980-09-16 National Gypsum Company Straddling stackable stud
US4377925A (en) * 1981-03-21 1983-03-29 Able, Inc. Bracket for conduit trenches
WO1984003319A1 (en) * 1983-02-24 1984-08-30 Rother Carole A Construction systems and elements thereof
US5590505A (en) * 1994-10-07 1997-01-07 Bogle; D. Dennis Construction member and assemblies thereof
FR2785972A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2000-05-19 Euro Teck The assembly of L' or U' shaped sections to form a framework of a trellis by the forming of the engaging ends of the horizontal sections.
US6481175B2 (en) * 1999-02-08 2002-11-19 Rocheway Pty. Ltd. Structural member
US20100126103A1 (en) * 2002-03-12 2010-05-27 The Steel Network, Inc. Connector for connecting building components
US8387321B2 (en) * 2002-03-12 2013-03-05 The Steel Network, Inc. Connector for connecting building components
US8245466B2 (en) 2005-08-09 2012-08-21 Innovative Building Concepts, Inc. Wall framing stud and wall framing system
US20090038246A1 (en) * 2005-08-09 2009-02-12 William Arthur Wright Universal Stud
US20100275548A1 (en) * 2005-08-09 2010-11-04 William Arthur Wright Framing Unit With Universal Framing Applications
US20070175149A1 (en) * 2006-01-17 2007-08-02 Bodnar Ernest R Stud with lengthwise indented ribs and method
US20100229495A1 (en) * 2007-03-06 2010-09-16 Gridley Jerry G Continuity tie for prefabricated shearwalls
US8689518B2 (en) * 2007-03-06 2014-04-08 Bay City Flower Company, Inc. Continuity tie for prefabricated shearwalls
US20140182231A1 (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-07-03 Edward Sucato Metal stud wall track
US20140360111A1 (en) * 2013-06-05 2014-12-11 Au Optronics Corp. Frame for Supporting Solar Module
US9188365B2 (en) * 2013-06-05 2015-11-17 Au Optronics Corp. Frame for supporting solar module
US20150047287A1 (en) * 2013-08-13 2015-02-19 Chris A. Nelson Modular Truss System
US9303405B2 (en) * 2013-08-13 2016-04-05 Chris A. Nelson Modular truss system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9739054B2 (en) Two-piece track system
US9038338B2 (en) Insulated concrete form wall having a bracket attaching a rim joist thereto
US9551148B2 (en) Header track with stud retention feature
US9909312B2 (en) Free span ceiling grid system
US8074416B2 (en) Structural members with gripping features and joining arrangements therefor
JP4630147B2 (en) Molding for drywall ceiling grid
RU6001U1 (en) Sliding bracket for temporary walls
US2017553A (en) Form for plastic structural work
JP5758404B2 (en) Shockproof clip
US4333290A (en) Structural member for installation system
US4128979A (en) Suspension assembly for partition panel
US3748815A (en) Plasterboard to column clip
US6701689B2 (en) Stud spacer
US6871470B1 (en) Metal stud building system and method
US4021990A (en) Veneer anchor and dry wall construction system and method
US4370838A (en) Curtain wall
US2964807A (en) Joist spacer and support
US3255563A (en) Wall structure and support assembly
US2710679A (en) Suspended ceiling construction
US7451573B2 (en) Slotted M-track beam structures and related wall assemblies
US2958403A (en) Demountable partition
US3562970A (en) Metal studding and adjustable shelf carrier
US4947609A (en) Top out panel mounting clip for vinyl siding
US3956861A (en) Trim arrangement for interior partitions
US3596425A (en) Ceiling tile support grid system