US2137710A - Forceps - Google Patents

Forceps Download PDF

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Publication number
US2137710A
US2137710A US179417A US17941737A US2137710A US 2137710 A US2137710 A US 2137710A US 179417 A US179417 A US 179417A US 17941737 A US17941737 A US 17941737A US 2137710 A US2137710 A US 2137710A
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Prior art keywords
fingers
tubular body
forceps
plunger
end
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Expired - Lifetime
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US179417A
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Alfred W Anderson
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Alfred W Anderson
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/28Surgical forceps
    • A61B17/29Forceps for use in minimally invasive surgery
    • A61B17/2909Handles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/30Surgical pincettes without pivotal connections

Description

Nov. 22, 1938. A. W. ANDERSON FORGEPS Filed DeO. 13 1937 Patented Nov. 22, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2 Claims.

This invention relates to forceps, and particularly to surgical forceps.

The main object of the invention is to produce forceps comprising a minimum number of parts, simple in construction and eiiicient in operation.

Another object of the invention is to provide improved means for actuating the forceps fingers. In my construction, the fingers are located in a tubular body, in normally concealed and retracted position. 'I'he manually operable means for actuating the fingers is designed to exert direct pressure on the fingers, in the direction of their intended movement through the tubular body. This arrangement prevents binding of the fingers in the tubular body, which is likely to occur when the fingers are actuated by means of pivotally connected levers, one secured to the tubular body and the other to the fingers.

Another advantage of the invention is the construction of a pair of forceps fingers from a single piece of initially coiled wire.

Another advantage is the provision of means of limiting the longitudinal movement of the ngers relatively to the tubular body, whereby strain on and wearing of the fingers is avoided.

It will be understood that a single nger, provided at one end with a cutting edge or other implement, may be substituted for the'usual pair of cooperating fingers; also that any desired number of fingers or pairs of fingers may be embodied in the construction herein shown and described. In that embodiment of the invention shown in the drawing, I have illustrated several forms of forceps each provided with a pair of cooperating fingers, but the invention is applicable to instruments other than forceps, and the use of that term is not intended to limit the scope of the claims.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of forceps embodying my invention, the fingers being in retracted position.

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. l, but showing thefingers extended beyond the tubular body.

Figs. 3 and 4 are longitudinal sectional views of modied forms of construction.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view showing, in section, a modified form of the rearward end of the forceps shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

In the preferred embodiment of my invention, shown in Figs. l and 2, the tubular body I0 is provided with a manually engageable member in the form of a radially extending flange I I fixedly secured to or integral with the tube III a short distance from one end. A tubular plunger I2,

(Cl. 12S-321) larger in diameter than the tube I0, is adapted to have telescoping movement relatively to said tube I0 which fits within the member I2. The plunger member I2, as shown, is closed at one end by any suitable means, such as the flat headed screw I3, or the parts IZ and I3 may be made integral, in the form of an elongated cap, if desired.

The forceps fingers I4, I5, are made of a single piece of wire, such as piano wire, initially arcuate, bent between its ends, and attached at its bent portion I6 to the screw I3, within the tubular member I2. Each finger I4, I5 is as long as the combined length of the tubular members I0 and I2 in their assembled relationship, as shown in Fig. 1. A coiled spring I1 surrounds the fingers I4, I5, in that portion between the end IB of the tube I0 and the closed end I3 of the plunger I2, the opposite ends of the spring I'I bearing on said ends I8 and I3, respectively, and tending to draw the fingers I4, I5 into the tubular member III.

The free ends I9, 20, of the ngers I4, I5, respectively, may be bent, as shown, or provided with gripping or'cuttingV devices which not only serve their intended purposes in surgical procedures, but bear against the open end of the tube I0 and prevent the fingers from being retracted into the tube I0 beyond said end.

To extend' the fingers I4, I5, the operator manually engages the forward face of the flange II, and by pressing against the end I3 of the plunger I2, the latter slides over the tube I0 and compresses the spring II, moving the fingers I4, I5 longitudinally of the tube II) and causing the finger ends to move outwardly in arcuate paths and divergent directions. When pressure on the plunger I2 is relieved, the spring II expands and forces the plunger and attached fingers I4, I5 to travel in the opposite direction, the ends I9, 2S of the fingers being thus retracted and moved toward each other into gripping positions. When fully retracted, the fingers are concealed within and protected by the tubular body I0.

In that embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 3, the tube ID is slightly longer than the tube I0 in Fig. l, and the tubular plunger I2 has been dispensed with. Instead, a solid plunger 2I, having a head 22, is adapted to have telescoping movement within the tube I 0. The spring 23 surrounds the plunger 2| and part of the tubeA I0, rearwardly of the flanged member 24, and bears at one end against the plunger head 22 and at the other end against said member 24. The fingers I4, I5 are attached to the inner, forward end of the plunger 2|. In this form, the tube I0 is provided with a cross piece 25 in its forward end, for preventing the ngers I4, I5 from being retracted beyond said cross piece 25 into the tube IIJ. The operation will be understood from the explanation given in connection with Figs. 1 and 2.

In Fig. 4, the tube I0 has fixed to one end a ianged member 26. A plunger 21 extends into said member 26 and tube IUI. A at spring 28 is connected at one end 29 to the rearward end of the plunger 21 and at its other end 30 to the flanged member 26. In other respects the con` struction is similar to the form shown in Fig. 3.

To extend the fingers I4, I5, the operator en-V gages the forward face of the flanged member 26, and presses against the plunger 2`I` and spring 28, compressing the spring'V and forcing the plunger 2'I and fingers I4, I5 forwardly. WhenA pressure is relieved, the spring causes the fingers to be retracted.

In Fig. 5, I have shown means' for limiting the longitudinal retractive movement of the fingers I4, I5, which may be substituted for the con# struction shown in Figs.- 1 and 2. The collar 3I on the tubular body I0 is engaged by the inturried edge 32 of the tubular plunger I2 when the ngers are in their fully retracted position. This arrangement obviates the need for means such as the cross piece 25 or engagement of the ends I9, 20 with the mouth of the tube I0, for preventing the ng'ers from being drawn into the tube beyond the intended extent.

Fingers of diiere'nt lengths may be substituted for the ngers I4, I 5, and the tubular body I0 may be round or square, and of any size suitable for receiving one or more fingers.

Changes may be made in details of construction Without departing from the scope of my invention and I do not intend to be limited to the exact form shown and described, except as set forth in the appended claims.

I claim: I

1. Forceps comprising a tubular body, a single length of Wire bent midway between its ends and located in said tubular body, said wire forming fingers which cross each other near their free Vends and near the bent portion of said wire within said tubular body, and actuating means connected to the bent portion of said Wire and movable relatively to the tubular body for extending said fingers beyond the mouth of the tubular body in divergent, quickly spreading arcuate directions.

2. Forceps comprising a tubular body, a single length of wire bent midway between its ends and located in said tubular body, said wire forming r'iger's which cross each other near their free ends and near the bent portion of said `wire Within said tubular body, actuating means connected to the bent portion of said wire and movable relatively to the tubular body for extending said fingers beyond the mouth of the tubular body in divergent, quickly spreading arcuate directions, and expansible means associated with the tubular body and said actuating means for normally holding the ngers in retracted position and concealed Within the tubular body.

ALFRED W. ANDERSON.

US179417A 1937-12-13 1937-12-13 Forceps Expired - Lifetime US2137710A (en)

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Cited By (78)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2926425A (en) * 1954-12-15 1960-03-01 Martin O Fixen Map meter
US3774438A (en) * 1969-07-29 1973-11-27 Ici Ltd Applicator for surgical clips
US3834021A (en) * 1973-01-24 1974-09-10 Long W De Precision instrument system
US4005714A (en) * 1975-05-03 1977-02-01 Richard Wolf Gmbh Bipolar coagulation forceps
US4016881A (en) * 1973-07-04 1977-04-12 Centre De Recherche Industrielle Du Quebec Instrument for use in laparoscopic tubal cauterization
US4174715A (en) * 1977-03-28 1979-11-20 Hasson Harrith M Multi-pronged laparoscopy forceps
US4258716A (en) * 1978-02-06 1981-03-31 The University Of Melbourne Microsurgical instruments
US4267839A (en) * 1979-09-12 1981-05-19 Repromed, Inc. Surgical instrument for use in reversible sterilization or permanent occlusion procedures
US4325375A (en) * 1980-05-12 1982-04-20 Nevyas Herbert J Instrument for inserting and removing intraocular lens
US4393872A (en) * 1980-05-27 1983-07-19 Eder Instrument Co., Inc. Aspirating surgical forceps
EP0105863A2 (en) * 1982-09-10 1984-04-18 Johannes Dr. Huber Apparatus for taking a smear from body cavities
US4467802A (en) * 1980-03-31 1984-08-28 Harald Maslanka Surgical gripping instrument
US4654028A (en) * 1985-03-14 1987-03-31 Hisayoshi Suma Incision opening expansion holder for inosculation
US4763650A (en) * 1987-01-20 1988-08-16 Hauser Stephen G Instrument for inserting a deformable lens into the eye
US4815466A (en) * 1982-09-30 1989-03-28 Perlin Alfred R Surgical clip
US4872456A (en) * 1987-11-12 1989-10-10 Hasson Harrith M Template incision device
EP0512725A1 (en) * 1991-05-03 1992-11-11 VANCE PRODUCTS INCORPORATED d/b/a COOK UROLOGICAL INCORPORATED Surgical instrument
US5222973A (en) * 1992-03-09 1993-06-29 Sharpe Endosurgical Corporation Endoscopic grasping tool surgical instrument
US5254130A (en) * 1992-04-13 1993-10-19 Raychem Corporation Surgical device
US5271385A (en) * 1990-03-29 1993-12-21 United States Surgical Corporation Abdominal cavity organ retractor
US5275608A (en) * 1991-10-16 1994-01-04 Implemed, Inc. Generic endoscopic instrument
US5282817A (en) * 1992-09-08 1994-02-01 Hoogeboom Thomas J Actuating handle for multipurpose surgical instrument
US5443476A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-08-22 Shapiro; Henry Microsurgical scissor apparatus with rotary cutting blade
US5499997A (en) * 1992-04-10 1996-03-19 Sharpe Endosurgical Corporation Endoscopic tenaculum surgical instrument
US5512037A (en) * 1994-05-12 1996-04-30 United States Surgical Corporation Percutaneous surgical retractor
US5922007A (en) * 1998-02-02 1999-07-13 Aslan Medical Technologies Endoscopic surgical instrument with ratchet locking device
US5928263A (en) * 1998-02-02 1999-07-27 Aslan Medical Technologies Surgical instrument with flexible actuator and rigid actuator cover
US5997533A (en) * 1998-01-30 1999-12-07 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. RF pressure activated instrument
US6193672B1 (en) 1993-05-11 2001-02-27 Mectra Labs, Inc. Lavage
US6206904B1 (en) * 1998-06-12 2001-03-27 Ashai Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Foreign body-recovering instrument for endoscope
US6221084B1 (en) 1999-01-15 2001-04-24 Pare Surgical, Inc. Knot tying apparatus having a notched thread cover and method for using same
US6371963B1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2002-04-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
EP1277442A2 (en) 1990-10-09 2003-01-22 Medtronic, Inc. Device or apparatus for manipulating matter
US6652552B2 (en) 2001-07-25 2003-11-25 Rkl Technologies, Inc. Actuating handle for a surgical instrument
US20040097976A1 (en) * 1993-07-26 2004-05-20 Hart Rickey D. Suture grasping device
US20050251169A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US20060052799A1 (en) * 1989-08-16 2006-03-09 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Method of manipulating matter in a mammalian body
US20060217706A1 (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-09-28 Liming Lau Tissue welding and cutting apparatus and method
US20060224167A1 (en) * 2005-03-30 2006-10-05 Weisenburgh William B Ii Anchors for use in anastomotic procedures
US20070106304A1 (en) * 2005-11-03 2007-05-10 Vance Products Incorporated D/B/A Cook Urological Incorporated Articulating basket with simultaneous basket extension or basket retraction
EP1782742A3 (en) * 2005-10-28 2007-05-30 Olympus Medical Systems Corp. Treatment tool for endoscope
US20080281148A1 (en) * 2002-08-02 2008-11-13 C.R. Bard, Inc. Transobturator introducer system for sling suspension system
US20090030427A1 (en) * 2002-10-04 2009-01-29 Vance Products Incorporated, D/B/A Cook Urological Incorporated Handle for interchangeable medical device
US20100234681A1 (en) * 2006-09-13 2010-09-16 C.R. Bard Inc. Urethral support system
US7918848B2 (en) * 2005-03-25 2011-04-05 Maquet Cardiovascular, Llc Tissue welding and cutting apparatus and method
US20110152923A1 (en) * 2009-12-18 2011-06-23 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Incision closure device
US20110238078A1 (en) * 2010-03-29 2011-09-29 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Device and method for positioning an implanted structure to facilitate removal
US8298187B2 (en) 2009-07-07 2012-10-30 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Fluid injection device
US20130138145A1 (en) * 2011-11-30 2013-05-30 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Tissue closure device with resilient arms
US8574149B2 (en) 2007-11-13 2013-11-05 C. R. Bard, Inc. Adjustable tissue support member
US8845512B2 (en) 2005-11-14 2014-09-30 C. R. Bard, Inc. Sling anchor system
US8906022B2 (en) 2010-03-08 2014-12-09 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for securing a bone implant
US20140373334A1 (en) * 2011-11-15 2014-12-25 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bond between components of a medical device
US20150032207A1 (en) * 2011-04-29 2015-01-29 Mark Humayun Instruments and methods for the implantation of cell-seeded substrates
US8961518B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2015-02-24 Conventus Orthopaedics, Inc. Apparatus and methods for bone access and cavity preparation
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US9301738B2 (en) 2013-05-14 2016-04-05 Donald R. Waxler Tissue sample securement and extraction apparatus and method
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US10314649B2 (en) 2012-08-02 2019-06-11 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Flexible expandable electrode and method of intraluminal delivery of pulsed power

Cited By (134)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2926425A (en) * 1954-12-15 1960-03-01 Martin O Fixen Map meter
US3774438A (en) * 1969-07-29 1973-11-27 Ici Ltd Applicator for surgical clips
US3834021A (en) * 1973-01-24 1974-09-10 Long W De Precision instrument system
US4016881A (en) * 1973-07-04 1977-04-12 Centre De Recherche Industrielle Du Quebec Instrument for use in laparoscopic tubal cauterization
US4005714A (en) * 1975-05-03 1977-02-01 Richard Wolf Gmbh Bipolar coagulation forceps
US4174715A (en) * 1977-03-28 1979-11-20 Hasson Harrith M Multi-pronged laparoscopy forceps
US4258716A (en) * 1978-02-06 1981-03-31 The University Of Melbourne Microsurgical instruments
US4267839A (en) * 1979-09-12 1981-05-19 Repromed, Inc. Surgical instrument for use in reversible sterilization or permanent occlusion procedures
US4467802A (en) * 1980-03-31 1984-08-28 Harald Maslanka Surgical gripping instrument
US4325375A (en) * 1980-05-12 1982-04-20 Nevyas Herbert J Instrument for inserting and removing intraocular lens
US4393872A (en) * 1980-05-27 1983-07-19 Eder Instrument Co., Inc. Aspirating surgical forceps
EP0105863A2 (en) * 1982-09-10 1984-04-18 Johannes Dr. Huber Apparatus for taking a smear from body cavities
EP0105863A3 (en) * 1982-09-10 1985-05-22 Johannes Dr. Huber Apparatus for taking a smear from body cavities
US4815466A (en) * 1982-09-30 1989-03-28 Perlin Alfred R Surgical clip
US4654028A (en) * 1985-03-14 1987-03-31 Hisayoshi Suma Incision opening expansion holder for inosculation
US4763650A (en) * 1987-01-20 1988-08-16 Hauser Stephen G Instrument for inserting a deformable lens into the eye
US4872456A (en) * 1987-11-12 1989-10-10 Hasson Harrith M Template incision device
US7722626B2 (en) 1989-08-16 2010-05-25 Medtronic, Inc. Method of manipulating matter in a mammalian body
US20060052799A1 (en) * 1989-08-16 2006-03-09 Medtronic Vascular, Inc. Method of manipulating matter in a mammalian body
US5271385A (en) * 1990-03-29 1993-12-21 United States Surgical Corporation Abdominal cavity organ retractor
EP1484077A2 (en) 1990-10-09 2004-12-08 Medtronic, Inc. Device or apparatus for manipulating matter
EP1277442A2 (en) 1990-10-09 2003-01-22 Medtronic, Inc. Device or apparatus for manipulating matter
EP0512725A1 (en) * 1991-05-03 1992-11-11 VANCE PRODUCTS INCORPORATED d/b/a COOK UROLOGICAL INCORPORATED Surgical instrument
US5275608A (en) * 1991-10-16 1994-01-04 Implemed, Inc. Generic endoscopic instrument
US5222973A (en) * 1992-03-09 1993-06-29 Sharpe Endosurgical Corporation Endoscopic grasping tool surgical instrument
US5499997A (en) * 1992-04-10 1996-03-19 Sharpe Endosurgical Corporation Endoscopic tenaculum surgical instrument
US5254130A (en) * 1992-04-13 1993-10-19 Raychem Corporation Surgical device
US5282817A (en) * 1992-09-08 1994-02-01 Hoogeboom Thomas J Actuating handle for multipurpose surgical instrument
US6193672B1 (en) 1993-05-11 2001-02-27 Mectra Labs, Inc. Lavage
US7169156B2 (en) * 1993-07-26 2007-01-30 Innovasive Devices, Inc. Suture grasping device
US20070185505A1 (en) * 1993-07-26 2007-08-09 Depuy Mitek, Inc. Suture grasping device
US8328824B2 (en) 1993-07-26 2012-12-11 Depuy Mitek, Inc. Suture grasping device
US20040097976A1 (en) * 1993-07-26 2004-05-20 Hart Rickey D. Suture grasping device
US5443476A (en) * 1993-11-12 1995-08-22 Shapiro; Henry Microsurgical scissor apparatus with rotary cutting blade
US5512037A (en) * 1994-05-12 1996-04-30 United States Surgical Corporation Percutaneous surgical retractor
US5997533A (en) * 1998-01-30 1999-12-07 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. RF pressure activated instrument
US5928263A (en) * 1998-02-02 1999-07-27 Aslan Medical Technologies Surgical instrument with flexible actuator and rigid actuator cover
US5922007A (en) * 1998-02-02 1999-07-13 Aslan Medical Technologies Endoscopic surgical instrument with ratchet locking device
US6206904B1 (en) * 1998-06-12 2001-03-27 Ashai Kogaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Foreign body-recovering instrument for endoscope
US8187291B2 (en) 1998-11-17 2012-05-29 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
US6843792B2 (en) 1998-11-17 2005-01-18 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
US20050096506A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2005-05-05 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
US6371963B1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2002-04-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
US20080234695A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2008-09-25 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
US7402163B2 (en) 1998-11-17 2008-07-22 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
US20030216753A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2003-11-20 Srinivas Nishtala Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
US8758363B2 (en) 1998-11-17 2014-06-24 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
US6663645B2 (en) 1998-11-17 2003-12-16 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Device for controlled endoscopic penetration of injection needle
US6221084B1 (en) 1999-01-15 2001-04-24 Pare Surgical, Inc. Knot tying apparatus having a notched thread cover and method for using same
US6652552B2 (en) 2001-07-25 2003-11-25 Rkl Technologies, Inc. Actuating handle for a surgical instrument
US20040199195A1 (en) * 2001-07-25 2004-10-07 Dumontelle Jeffrey P Actuating handle for a surgical instrument
US20080281148A1 (en) * 2002-08-02 2008-11-13 C.R. Bard, Inc. Transobturator introducer system for sling suspension system
US8043303B2 (en) 2002-10-04 2011-10-25 Cook Medical Technologies Llc Handle for interchangeable medical device
US20090030427A1 (en) * 2002-10-04 2009-01-29 Vance Products Incorporated, D/B/A Cook Urological Incorporated Handle for interchangeable medical device
US20050251173A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Method and instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US20050251175A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Anchors for use in attachment of bladder tissues to pelvic floor tissues following a prostatectomy
US7559939B2 (en) * 2004-05-07 2009-07-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US7559938B2 (en) * 2004-05-07 2009-07-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US20050251169A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US20050251167A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US20050251172A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Device for alternately holding, or effecting relative longitudinal movement, of members of a medical instrument
US20050251174A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Method and instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US7553317B2 (en) 2004-05-07 2009-06-30 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US7713278B2 (en) 2004-05-07 2010-05-11 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Method and instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US7497854B2 (en) 2004-05-07 2009-03-03 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Method and instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
US7500980B2 (en) 2004-05-07 2009-03-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Method and instrument for effecting anastomosis of respective tissues defining two body lumens
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