US2121231A - Container valve - Google Patents

Container valve Download PDF

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Publication number
US2121231A
US2121231A US154252A US15425237A US2121231A US 2121231 A US2121231 A US 2121231A US 154252 A US154252 A US 154252A US 15425237 A US15425237 A US 15425237A US 2121231 A US2121231 A US 2121231A
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United States
Prior art keywords
closure
valve
container
support
axes
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US154252A
Inventor
Stephen D Hartog
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Stephen D Hartog
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Publication date
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Priority to US154252A priority Critical patent/US2121231A/en
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Publication of US2121231A publication Critical patent/US2121231A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D35/00Pliable tubular containers adapted to be permanently or temporarily deformed to expel contents, e.g. collapsible tubes for toothpaste or other plastic or semi-liquid material; Holders therefor
    • B65D35/24Pliable tubular containers adapted to be permanently or temporarily deformed to expel contents, e.g. collapsible tubes for toothpaste or other plastic or semi-liquid material; Holders therefor with auxiliary devices
    • B65D35/42Pliable tubular containers adapted to be permanently or temporarily deformed to expel contents, e.g. collapsible tubes for toothpaste or other plastic or semi-liquid material; Holders therefor with auxiliary devices for preventing loss of removable closure members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D51/00Closures not otherwise provided for
    • B65D51/02Loosely-engaging lids or covers for jars, cans, or like containers for liquids without means for effecting sealing of container
    • B65D51/04Loosely-engaging lids or covers for jars, cans, or like containers for liquids without means for effecting sealing of container hinged
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/42Rigid engaging means

Description

June 21, 1938. s. D. HARTOG CONTAINER VALVE Filed July 17, 1957 INVENTOR.
Patented June 21, 1938 UNETED STATES PATENT OFFICE Claims.
This specification, aided by the accompanying drawing, discloses certain new and useful improvements in features of construction as well as the means and mode of operation of container valves of the character disclosed in the co-pending application for Container valves, filed June 21, 1937, Serial Number 149,353.
The present invention is related to a container valve in which the valve aperture closure is engaged permanently to the valve for continuous operative employment thereon thereby serving to eliminate the objectionable performance of screwing the aperture closure on and off the container,
The primary object therefore of the herein described and illustrated invention isto simplify the construction of container valves in such a novel, economical and operatively efiicient manner, that all of the difficulties and incapacities encountered in prior art structures are overcome.
To such ends, briefly summarized, this invention is of and for a container valve characterized by features providing:-
A container valve closure characterized by the I feature of having oscillatory movement on a pivot axis and journal bearings of novel construction.
A container valve characterized by the feature of having a closure provided with elongated journal bearings.
' A container valve characterized by the feature of having a closure provided with journal bearings interrupted by off-set portions forming indentations therewithin.
A container valve characterized by the feature of having a closure operative on a support provided with hearing axes of rectangular form.
A container valve characterized by the feature that the closure portion thereof can be securely locked when moved in one direction and capable of oscillatory movement when moved into a position in opposite direction to that of the first mentioned direction and vice versa in accordance with the desire to lock or unlock the closure.
A container valve characterized by the feature of having a closure support integrally unitary in structure.
A container valve characterized by the feature that the journal bearing axes of the closure support is rectangular in form.
A container valve characterized by the feature that all of its parts constituting the structure of the valve are so designed and constructed that they are capable of production by means of dieforming processes, thus insuring economical production and accurate duplication and indefinite reproduction.
For the purpose more clearly to understand the expressed objects, and other attending objects,
the following description is given, and by aid 01"' the accompanying drawing, it is discernible:
Fig. 1 is a side view in elevation of the valve shown in mounted position on a fragmentary portion of a collapsible tube, the closure portion of the valve being illustrated as in locked engage ment on the valve.
Fig. 2 is a side view in elevation of the mounted valve and illustrated as in an unlocked position. Fig. 3 is an elevation in cross-section of the valve, and there shown mounted on the discharge" end of the collapsible tube and in locked position thereon.
Fig. 4 is a View in side elevation when discerned in a position as indicated by the arrow, Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a plan view of the aperture closure of the valve.
Fig. 6 is a plan view of the closure support.
Fig. 7 is a view in cross-section of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is a plan View of a tubular formed body.
Fig. 9 is a cross-section View in elevation of the tubular formed body, Fig. 8.
Fig. 10 is a plan view of a sealing gasket.
Fig. 11 is a View in cross-section of the gasket.
The parts constituting this container valve are herein designated numerically, and in the order of which 12 identifies a fragmentary portion of a container herein denominated a collapsible tube.
The collapsible tube [2 is provided with a discharge end having an opening is surrounded by an embossment l4. On the surface l5 of the embossment there is seated a die-formed metallic slug l6 designed to provide a support. The slug i6 is provided with an aperture ll located within a portion of the body of the slug which portion is die-formed in such a way that an offset surface providing a depression 3 is formed within the slug, and an expressed projection I9 is formed on an opposite surface of the slug. Arranged on the slug I6, and integral therewith, are lateral projecting portions 20 and 2| forming limbs providing journal axes 22 and 23, and midway the end of the limbs 20 and 2|, and within the body of the slug IS, an opening is made to provide an indentation 2t.
Within the aperture I'lof the slug, formed to provide a support, a tubular formed body 25 having an enlargement providing a rim 26, is arranged in assembly with the rim 26 of the tubular formed body 25 seated within the depressed portion I8. Thus assembled the extending portion of the tubularly formed body 25 is pressed within the opening l3 of the discharge end of the collapsible tube, and in order to secure the assembly to the tube, a marginal end 21 of the body 25 is crimped or otherwise spun over in such a way as to form a flange and by means of which the assembly is secured to the tube.
There is also included in this valve assembly, a member part providing an aperture closure 28. The closure 28 having rectangularly bent flaps 29 and 30 and within the flaps, journal bearings 3| and 32 are provided, and so formed that oliset indentations 33 and 34 interrupt the circular contour of the journals 3| and 32. Formed on the body of the closure 28 is a tang 35,--the tang having a resiliently yielding capacity, the tang 35 being bent to provide a deflected end 36.
At a suitable position on the body of the closure 28, angularly bent tabs 31 and 38 are provided; the tab 31 being arranged to provide finger manipulating means for the closure 28, and
out portion of the tab 31, is formed to provide locking means effected by theclaw 39.
The closure thus described is arranged in assembly on the support l6, and the manner of its assembly thereon is effected, firstly: by entering one of the journal axes of the support 16 into one of the journal bearings of the closure, more conveniently accomplished however when the closure is tilted at an angle; secondly: then the other journal bearing of the closure, being aligned with the respective axis of the support I6, is pressed in a manner to permit the resiliently yielding tang 35 to spring into the indentation 24 with the bent end 36 arranged operatively therein, where- 'by the closure 28 is then so arranged in assembly on the support that no displacement of the closure is possible.
In the drawing the view Fig. 1 shows the closure 28 in locked engagement on the valve, and in the view Fig. 2 of the drawing, the closure is illustrated as in an unlocked position to permit oscillatory movement of the closure 28 in the direction of the arrow line, dotted.
To arrange the closure 28 in locked engagement as shown in Fig. 1, it is necessary to exert sufiicient finger pressure on the tab 31, in the direction indicated by the arrow, thereby slidably pressing the closure into a position which permits the axes 22 and 23 to enter the indentations 33 and 34 of the closure journals, and, at this instance, the claw 39 will have engaged beneath the surface I6 of the closure support, thereby effecting a locked engagement of the closure 28 on its axis as well as by a latching engagement; in
.other words, the closure is locked by two independent locking means. 7
The unlocking of the closure is the reverse operation of locking the closure, and the unlocking is brought about by sliding the closure (indicated .by the arrow in the view Fig. 2) in the direction which the arrow indicates when finger pressure is exerted upon the tab 31; the closure is then brought to a position in which the axes 22 and 23 enter into bearing contact with the journal bearings 32 and 33 of the closure, at the instance of which, the closure is capable of oscillatory movement in the direction indicated by the dotted lines of the arrow.
It is essential that the closure of the valve be free from leakage, and in order to provide a seal tight joint between the closure and the discharge aperture, a fabricated gasket 40 is employed, and arranged in assembly on the valve, by seating the gasket into the depression l8, in which position the gasket serves to prevent leakage by forming a seal-tight joint between the surfaces with which it is in contact.
In conclusion, reference is made to the embossment l4 surrounding the aperture I3 of the tube I2. The embossment I4 is of very limited height and so designed and proportioned that a very scant quantity of material is employed in its formation, in consequence of which, an appreciable saving is effected in cost of material over structures requiring a larger volume of material.
Having thus described the invention, it is obvious that there is provided a container valve of the character described and possessed of the advantageous features hereinbefore enumerated as desirable. It is therefore to be understood that the container valve is susceptible of modification in its form, proportions, detailed construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the principle involved or sacrificing any of its advantages.
The invention has been described in language more or less specific as to structural features. It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to the specific details shown, but that the means and construction herein disclosed comprises the preferred form of several modes of 1 putting the invention into effect and the invention therefore is claimed in any of its forms or modifications within. the legitimate and valid scope of the appended claims.
I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent" providing notched indentations therewithin, jour-,
nal bearing axes for the closure, the journal bearing axes being capable of entering into the notched indentations when the closure is moved in one direction, the closure being capable of oscillatory movement on the bearing axes when the closure is moved to a position opposite to that of the first mentioned position, and means to secure the valve to the collapsible tube.
2. A container valve comprising a valve aperture closure provided with elongated journal bearings, a closure support having journal bearing axes, the aperture closure being capable of slidable movement by means of the elongated journal bearings in a direction to lock the closure on the axes of the closure support, the aperture closure being capable of slidable movement by means of the elongated journal bearings in a direction opposite to the previously mentioned direction thereby permitting oscillatory movement of the closure on its journal bearing axes, means for manipulating the closure, and means to secure the container valve to the container.
3. In a valve suitable for use in connection with containers, the valve comprising an aperture closure provided with elongated journal bearings whereby the closure has movement to open and close the valve aperture, a support for the closure, the support provided with bearing axes, and on which axes the journaled closure is capable of oscillatory movement when surfaces Within the closures elongated journal bearings contact in one direction on the bearing axes of the closures support, the closure being incapable of movement when the journal bearings of the closure are arranged in a position on the bearing axes of the support opposite to that of the closures oscillatory position, and means to secure the valve to the container.
4. In a collapsible tube valve, anapertured valve body having journal bearing axes, a closure for the aperture of the valve body, the closure having elongated journal bearings, means within the journal bearing of the closure capable of forming a locked engagement on the valve body when the closure is moved in a direction transverse the longitudinal axis of the collapsible tube,
the closure being capable of locked disengagement when moved in an opposite direction, the closure thereby being capable of oscillatory movement on the journal bearing axes of the apertured valve body, means restraining the closures position while operative on its axes, means for manipulating the closure and means for securing the valve to the discharge end of the collapsible tube.
5. A collapsible tube valve, a closure provided with cylindrical journal bearings interrupted by openings formed to provide notched indentations therewithin, a support for the closure, said support comprising an integrally unitary metallic slug, the slug provided with portions forming journal bearing axes adapted to enter into the notched indentations formed within the journal bearings of the closure when the closure is moved in one direction, the closure being capable of oscillatory movement on the axes of the slug when moved to a position opposite to that of the first mentioned position, and means to secure the valve to the collapsible tube.
STEPHEN D. HARTOG.
US154252A 1937-07-17 1937-07-17 Container valve Expired - Lifetime US2121231A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2728969A (en) * 1956-01-03 baumann
US2782455A (en) * 1954-02-11 1957-02-26 Reliable Electric Co Hinge construction for cable terminal
US3149814A (en) * 1961-10-16 1964-09-22 Thomas Industries Inc Recessed lighting fixture
US20070210110A1 (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-09-13 Martin Anhuf Removable nozzle shield for fluid dispenser

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2728969A (en) * 1956-01-03 baumann
US2782455A (en) * 1954-02-11 1957-02-26 Reliable Electric Co Hinge construction for cable terminal
US3149814A (en) * 1961-10-16 1964-09-22 Thomas Industries Inc Recessed lighting fixture
US20070210110A1 (en) * 2006-03-08 2007-09-13 Martin Anhuf Removable nozzle shield for fluid dispenser
US7748573B2 (en) * 2006-03-08 2010-07-06 Gotohti.Com Removable nozzle shield for fluid dispenser

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